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IB version5 final .pdf



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Opening
Speech by
Communist
Party of
Vietnam

Dear comrades,
On behalf of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam, I warmly welcome all of
you to the 18th International Meeting of Communist and Workers’ Parties hosted for the first time
by the Communist Party of Vietnam in Hanoi, the
capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Our 18th Meeting takes a very actual theme:
“Capitalist crisis and imperialist offensive – Strategy and tactics of the Communist and Workers’
Parties in the struggle for peace, workers’ and
peoples’ rights, socialism”. I believe that the discussions at this Meeting and its outcomes will
contribute significantly to our common struggle.
On this occasion, I would like to extend my sincere thanks to communist and workers’ parties in
the world for their fervent and wholehearted support for Vietnam during the preparation for this
important Meeting.
Comrades,
25 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union
and Eastern European socialist countries, the humankind today is facing numerous daunting challenges.
It is apparent to us that international capitalism
has been exposing clearer its anti-progress and
inhumanity by accelerating and imposing neo-liberalism through the process of globalization,
directly causing on-going serious economic-financial, socio-ethical, ecological, environmental
crises, which exert negative impacts on the lives
of billions of people around the world. Advances
in science-technology revolution have been controlled and manipulated to intensify exploitation
of working people for profit of a few multinational
capitalist corporations. The impoverishment and
rich-poor division has been constantly widened.
Depleted natural resources, environmental pollution, pandemic diseases and climate change are
posing ever historically unprecedented challenges to mankind. Unlike in the 1929-1933 crisis,
the global capitalism today is not trying to adjust
policies to soften the social conflicts. In fact, it has
been stepping up its exploitation, cutting down
welfare, thus further impoverishing and infringing
upon the rights of the working people.

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Although the Cold War belongs to the past, the
world today is becoming increasingly unstable, and
indeed vulnerable to unprecedented dangers. The
strategy of military intervention and propagation
of “colour revolutions” practiced by the US and its
allies has caused disastrous plights suffered by the
people in the Middle East and other regions, triggered terrorism and directly led to the biggest refugee crisis since the World War II. Strategic rivalry
among major powers is getting increasingly drastic.
Military expenses and arms building-up both are on
the rise. Tension in territorial and sovereignty disputes escalates, threatening peace and stability in
various regions. Neo-fascism, religious and nationalist extremism, xenophobia, racism, etc. rise in many
countries. In the face of the discontent and widespread protest by people in many countries, the
bourgeoisie and reactionary forces have stepped up
their anti-communist activities, launched offensive
operations against the left and progressive forces,
strengthened their manipulation and control of the
mass media, divided up and depoliticised people’s
movements. Populism tends to find more ground to
grow in many places.
Under such circumstances, the struggle for peace
and socialism, for the independence and sovereignty of nations and for the interests of the working
people is tasked with new demands and more urgent requirements than ever before.
In retrospect of 99 years from now, the Great
Russian October Socialist Revolution ushered in
a new era of the humankind history. The first ever
worker-peasant State had not only emancipated the Russian working people, but also quickly
transformed Russia from a backward country into
a world power and played a decisive role in saving
humankind from the holocaust of fascism. The Soviet Union and the socialist system come into existence after the World War II had not only scored
great achievements in the construction of the realistic socialism, but also helped to sustain and advance the cause of national liberation around the
world, served as an important factor in maintaining
and protecting world peace in the 20th century. It
was its very existence and preeminent features in
ensuring equality and social progress of the realistic
socialist system that had inspired the struggle of the
working people in capitalist countries, forcing the

bourgeoisie to adjust and compromise in favour
of the working class in these countries.
The collapse of the Soviet Union and Eastern
Europe socialist countries is the great loss for the
progressive humankind. Though being a setback, it
does not mean “the end” of the history and to socialism. Contrary to the projection of many bourgeois politicians and scholars, Vietnam, China and
Laos did not fall, but in fact advanced with great
achievements scored in their renewal process,
opening doors towards socialism. Compounded
by embargos, Cuba and the Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea are still consistently following
the path of socialism. Against all odds and current
difficulties, the left movement: “Socialism in the
21st century” in Latin America has been steadfast
in realizing the aspiration and the willpower of the
working people in these countries to strive for a
more equitable and better society.
Observing the contemporary world from our
perspective and with the practical outcomes of 30
year of renewal in Vietnam, we believe that only
socialism can provide a comprehensive solution to
the current economic, social and ecological crises,
offering the only effective alternative to the brutal
exploitative capitalism, ensuring sustainable development, equality and social progress. We also
believe that strict observation of the fundamental principles of the UN Charter and international
laws, especially respect for independence, sovereignty, non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs, non-use of force or threat to use force
and settlement of disputes by peaceful means,
make the foundation for peace and stability of
countries in the current world.
Dear comrades,
Let me now share with you some thoughts about
our country and Party:
After defeating the US aggression war, reunifying
our country in 1975, Vietnam faced tremendous
difficulties due to socio-economic and environmental damages caused by the war. The US and
the West then imposed sanctions and carried out
activities to sabotage and isolate Vietnam. In the
meantime, wars at southwestern and northern
borders occurred. The stagnation, crisis and sub-

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sequent collapse of the Soviet Union and Eastern
European socialist countries also left certain negative impacts on Vietnam.
Vietnam fell into dire socio-economic crises in
the mid-1980s with economic downturn, food and
commodity shortage, and inflation rate of over
700%. People lived in extreme difficulties with up to
75% of the population under the poverty line. Apart
from the above-mentioned objective causes, the
subjective reason was that we were too hasty and
voluntaristic in adopting mechanisms and models
of socio-economic development unsuitable with
the specific conditions of Vietnam, including the imposition of production relations incompatible with
the actual development of the production forces.
The Sixth National Congress of the Communist
Party of Vietnam in 1986 adopted the renewal policy to fix such mistakes and open up new path for
the country to develop towards socialism in line
with Vietnamese specific conditions in the new context. The application of socialist-oriented market
economy aims at unleashing productivity to develop the socialist technical infrastructure in the transitional period. Vietnam’s socialist-oriented market
economy has the following key characteristics: (i)
First, being managed and regulated by the socialist
government under the leadership of the Communist Party to bring into full play good features while
minimizing bad effects of the market economy and
orientate development according to goals of each
stage in the construction of socialism; (ii) Second,
being run by market rules combined with the macro-planning, in which resources are allocated according to the market and national programs to implement the set development targets; (iii) Third, the
State economic sector plays a dominant role in the
multi-sector economy; and (iv) Fourth, social progress and equality are actively and gradually promoted through each economic step and development
policies.
In the realm of foreign policy, we have exercised
independence, self-reliance, peace, cooperation
and development, multilateralization and diversification of external relations and active international integration, step-by-step removed blockade
and embargoes. As a result, we have normalized
and improved relations with other countries, joined
ASEAN and other regional and international orga-

nizations, built an environment of peace, stability
3
and created favourable international conditions
for national development and defence in the new
situation.
The implementation of renewal policy over the
past 30 years has brought about great achievements and born historic significance to our people
and country. Vietnam has rapidly recovered from
the socio-economic crisis and got out of the underdeveloped status since 2010, becoming an averaged income developing country. People’s livelihoods have been improved significantly. From
1990 to 2015, the poverty rate fell from 58% to
just over 4%; average life expectancy increased
from 62 to 73.5. Vietnam’s foreign relations with
other countries have been expanded, strengthening the synergy of the country.
Having said that, our country also encountered a
number of difficulties and limitations, and is now
facing with emerging challenges, internal and external alike. The level of development, efficiency
and sustainability of the economy by and large
remain low. Various social and environmental issues have to be further addressed; corruption and
ethical degradation among a number of cadres
get complicated; impacts of the climate change
become ever acute. At the same time, the environment of peace and stability as well as national sovereignty and integrity encounter with new
challenges; adversary and reactionary forces are
intensifying their interfering and undermining
activities, stepping up the “peaceful evolution”;
strategic rivalry among powers together with volatilities in the global economy and international
security cause complex impacts to Vietnam.
The XII National Congress of the Communist
Party of Vietnam, organized early this year, has
taken stock of the achievements and lessons
learned in the past 30 years of implementing the
renewal policy, affirmed to consistently pursuit
the goal of national independence and socialism,
Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thoughts,
and determinedly advanced our all-rounded and
whole-system reforms. The Congress has put forward our overall objectives in the coming time as
follows: To enhance the Party’s leadership capacity and combativeness, and build a strong political
system. To promote the entire nation’s strength

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and socialist democracy. To push forward the renewal process in a comprehensive and synchronous
manner; develop the economy fast and sustainably,
and strive for Vietnam to soon become basically an industrialized country toward modernity. To
improve the people’s material and spiritual living
standards. To resolutely and persistently struggle for
the firm defence of our Homeland’s independence,
sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity as well as
safeguarding of the Party, State, people and socialist system. To preserve peace and stability, proactively and actively integrate into the international
community for the national development.
On this auspicious occasion, we would like to express the heartfelt gratitude of the Party, State and
People of Vietnam to Communist and Workers’
Parties and progressive, peace-loving people in the
world for your strong solidarity and support awarded to us so far in our struggle for national liberation,
the defence and construction of the Socialist Vietnam. We look forwards to having your continued
support and solidarity in the time to come. We take
this opportunity to avail our faithful solidarity to the
struggle led by communist and workers’ parties in
the world for peace, independence, democracy, social progress and socialism.
Comrades,
While realising our guidelines of multilateralization
and diversification of external relations, the Communist Party of Vietnam always attach great importance to consolidating and enhancing the relationship with socialist nations, our traditional friends,
with communist and workers’ parties in the world.
We take note with delight to see the robust friendship and cooperation between the Communist
Party of Vietnam and your respectful parties over
the years. We highly value the initiative and your efforts invested in the formulating and sustaining the
Meeting of Communist and Workers’ Parties, considering it as an important forum for the exchange
of information and experience, promoting cooperation and collaboration for our common struggle.
As such, the Communist Party of Vietnam has been
actively participating in the Meeting over the years
with its responsible contributions.
In light of the complexities in the international context and the challenges facing us, our Party would

like to join you in the expectation of continued
reforms and higher efficiency for the mechanism
of this Meeting, so that the unity and solidarity of
the international communist and workers’ movement will be further promoted.
As the matter of fact, we are witnessing a new face
of the world where correlation of forces becomes
so different from the past, characterised by changes in socio-economic structures and working conditions, new environment of communications and
political awareness, as well as methods for mass
mobilisation and operation. While staying steadfast with the bedrock of Marxism-Leninism and
the goal of socialism, the new situation requires us
to have innovative strategies and methods for our
struggle, suitable with specific period of time and
condition of each country. Such an approach is
anything but the essence of communist dialectics.
We, therefore, should put more effort in exchanging theoretical issues and practical experience on
socialism, on our political-ideological work, on
party building and mass mobilisation for the sake
of our own struggle and in the spirit of respect
for the creativeness and choice forged and determined by each and every party.
We also need to further share with each other
our experience on combatting political, ideological and socio-economic attacks launched globally
against us by the capitalism.
It is also necessary for us to push forward our
fights against all forms of aggression, invasion,
expansionism, occupation, military intervention
and interference into domestic affairs, attempts
to export “colour revolutions”; thus safeguarding
peace, independence, sovereignty and territorial
integrity for nation states.
To commemorate the Centenary anniversary of
the Great October Revolution in Russia, we seek
to hail our unity and solidarity in the common
struggle for peace and legitimate rights for workers and the working people, striving for the goal
of socialism.
I do hope that this Meeting would serve as an
opportunity for us to advance the aforementioned goals.

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In such an endeavouring spirit, I have the honour
to declare the opening of the 18th International
Meeting of Communist and Workers’ Parties.
Good health to all of comrades,
Great success to the 18th International Meeting of
Communist and Workers’ Parties,
I thank you all.

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6

Algerian Party
for Democracy
and Socialism
(PADS)

Dear comrades
Algerian Communist warmly thank the Communist Party of Vietnam to organize the 18th International Meeting of Communist Parties and workers in Hanoi.
They are happy to participate in this meeting in
Vietnam, a country that still symbolizes the eyes
of freedom-loving peoples the heroic armed
struggle for 30 years by the Vietnamese people
under the leadership of the communists against
the French and American imperialists. The victory
of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 has had a great impact
in our country then under the yoke of colonialism.
This victory encouraged the acceleration preparations in starting 1 November 1954 armed uprising for national liberation.
Algerian workers who lived through that period
can remember the struggle of the Vietnamese
people without mentioning in particular the famous speech that General Giap, invited in 1976
by the government to visit Algiers, spoke during a
public meeting. In that speech he said that imperialism is a bad student. He does not learn the lessons of history. He does not understand that it can
not indefinitely dominate peoples it exploits, that
people when they are led by revolutionary parties always come at great sacrifice, to be free from
oppression and the capitalist exploitation. He
explained that the imperialist wars were engendred by the capitalist system in its race with the
highest rate of profit and the incessant division of
the world. He also made it clear that the victory
of the Vietnamese people was the result of the
fighting spirit of the people under the leadership
of a party ideologically welded and resolved to
build a socialist society free of capitalist exploitation. As perceptive Marxist-Leninist he made the
difference between Vietnam committed socialist
change and Algeria aspiring to socialism. This differentiation indicated that Giap had understood
that the Algerian regime was not a socialist regime,
despite the socialist speeches of the leaders and
their economic and social measures favorable to
the masses. Algerian communists supported these
measures within the framework of the struggle for
the completion of economic tasks of the national
democratic revolution and criticized the left wing
of power for its methods contrary to the interests

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of workers and for its reluctance to get rid of reactionary wing sabotaging these measures. Giap had
great respect for Algerian communists and knew
that their party remained banned since independence. He had not forgotten that it was the Algerian
communists and not the nationalists who animated
dockers’ refusal to load weapons onto ships leaving
for Vietnam. For him it was an important criterion
for understanding the contradictions that crossed
the Algerian regime. He had no illusions about the
real capacity of the Algerian authority to enforce its
official Socialist proclamations.
Indeed the Algerian government, which was led
by the revolutionary wing of the petty bourgeoisie
during the first 16 years after independence, from
1962 to 1978 had nationalized the land belonging to the settlers, natural resources, including oil
and gas. He also had limited private land ownership. The public sector employed 75% of the industry, 100% of the banks, a third of arable land and
a third of domestic trade. Foreign trade was at the
end of 1970 the total state monopoly. In this context many believed among the people in the irreversibility of the choice of socialism. Under the direction of this petty-bourgeois wing, a charter was
adopted in 1976. It proclaimed that the goal was
to build a socialist society run by workers. At the
same time it rejected scientific socialism and did
not recognize the proletariat as a class the ability to
assume the leadership of the socialist process. The
regime was not prepared to allow the Communists
to act freely or to allow the working class to organize outside of the single party. As the regime that
emerged from the war of liberation, the one-party regime was not homogeneous. It was crossed by
political and ideological differences irreconcilable.
These differences reflect the contradictions of its
internal composition class. Important sectors in the
administration, economy, security services and the
army were in the hands of opponents of socialism
slyly sabotaged from within the decisions of the
revolutionary leadership of power. In fact the supporters of socialism who were within and outside
the regime were forced to fight in the adverse conditions of the ban on the party of the Communists
and the negative hegemony of a single party on the
activity of the masses. They had their hands tied
while the Socialist opponents had strong positions
in the state to destabilize the economy. Despite the

socialist discourse, the forces of capitalism were
7
rapidly reinforced. Economic positions they held
gave them the means to corrupt leaders, civilian
and military officials of the State. The money accumulated through rapid economic growth under
the leadership of the public sector and the links
forged by marriages links with senior officials had
given them a new power to attack the officially socialist choice. The hesitations of the revolutionary
petty bourgeoisie in power to unite itself resolutely with the Communists and to rely on the independent action of the working class had ended
after 20 years lead to the eviction of regime officials opposed to capitalism.
During the first 20 years after political independence, the country was able to defend its sovereignty with the objective alliance formed between the anti-capitalist wing of the regime, the
communists, the masses and the socialist camp.
The country was able to build in a short time an
important industrial base. But that sovereignty
has become a pure subject of deception since the
bourgeoisie has managed to impose its political
and economic domination, and to strengthen ties
with imperialism. From that time until today the
industrialization process in the way of economic
independence was interrupted and oil revenues
are used to finance unproductive expenses of the
bourgeoisie. Current speeches of the leaders of
the bourgeoisie over the defense of sovereignty
and the reactivation of non-alignment principles
on the blocks used to conceal a political bargaining between the local bourgeoisie and imperialism for an “equitable” sharing of profits from the
exploitation of the working class and spheres of
influence.
Algerian Communists have learned important
lessons from the critical analysis of this period and
the consequences of incorrect positions taken by
their party. Their biggest mistake was not to have
engaged in a frontal fight against the regime resulting from the swing to the right made in 1980.
This serious mistake was justified by the thesis
that it was possible and necessary to keep an internal anti-imperialist front to preserve the independence. This thesis was invalided by the life.
These errors are compounded under the influence
of ideas of Gorbachev the “new mentality”. They

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have resulted in the abandonment of class criteria
in the analysis of the nature of the economic system
and the definition of political tactics. The currents
remained faithful to the principles of Marxism-Leninism had been slow to openly engage in combat
against the opportunistic defeatist approach taken
by leadership and the vast majority of party management. This facilitated the intrigues of the liquidators that led to the disintegration of the party in
1992. This has also created immense difficulties to
rebuild it on the Marxist-Leninist foundations.
Dear comrades,
Around the world, the faithful communists to the
teachings of Marx, Engels and Lenin have huge
tasks to end capitalist exploitation, poverty, social
inequality, oppression and imperialist wars. The
many hotbeds of wars and of tension kindled by
the imperialist oligarchy in Arab countries, Africa,
Asia, on the borders with Russia, itself driven by her
bourgeois oligarchic to expand worldwide, the operations removal of regimes which do not like, even
though they were elected according to the rules of
bourgeois democracy, are the prelude to new conflagration to apocalyptic consequences for humanity. The fight should be intensifyed to bring together
the forces that want peace, reject interference and
imperialist interventions, reaffirm the right of peoples to choose their way of developing. But it is clear
to us Communists that wars are inevitable as long
as capitalist exploitation and private ownership
of means of production exist. The struggle against
imperialist wars is closely linked to the struggle to
overthrow the imperialist bourgeois order. Trends
in the war expressed exacerbation insurmountable contradictions of the capitalist system: crisis
of overproduction and over-accumulation of capital, inter-imperialist rivalries and imperialist wars
for the division and redivision of the world domination zones and influences, for control of resources, energy sources, the work force, wars to protect
markets for the benefit of a minority of moguls of
finance, banking and industry, frenzied offensive of
the bourgeoisie to deprive the working class and
formerly colonized peoples from their social and
political conquests. These conquests had been torn
in the global context favorable to the existence of
the socialist camp and coordination of the struggle of the labor movement in this countries with

this camp. The liberation movement of oppressed
people certainly would not have managed to free
themselves from colonial domination without
their objective alliance with the socialist camp
and the international communist movement.
Communists must deploy all their energy for returning to attack in order to achieve the great task
remains on the agenda of the present time: the
revolutionary transition from capitalism to socialism.
Everywhere the Communists are faced with the
same task: rebuilding the party of socialist revolution, giving hope to workers operating in the
possibility and necessity of the seizure of power
by the proletariat and its allies, for the expropriation of the exploiters, for establishment of social
ownership of the means of production, for a social
management mode based on the planning for the
satisfaction of social needs and not the search for
capitalist profit.
The resulting tasks for the entire international
revolutionary labor movement are clear:
- uncompromising ideological fight against the
social democratic ideology of class collaboration,
against opportunism in all its varieties, particularly
against defeatism that continues to paralyze important sectors among the exploited after the victory of the against-revolution in the USSR in the
GDR and in the former socialist countries, against
the denigration of bourgeois social democratic
and Trotskyist propaganda about the experience
of building socialism inaugurated by the revolution of October 1917 we celebrate the 100 th anniversary year next;
- Struggle to show that the existence of the socialist camp had brought the exploited and oppressed peoples and that its destruction has
instead resulted as misfortunes and social regression in the whole planet;
- Reaffirmation of the essential proletarian internationalism, solidarity and exchange between different national detachments of the international communist movement, coordination of their
struggle.
These control axes are closely linked. They are

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