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N E W S PA P E R O F T H E Y E A R

Thursday, April 13, 2017
Rajab 15, 1438 AH

N200
Vol. 42, No. 34

www.dailytrust.com.ng

48
PAGES

Mirinda, Lucozade unsafe
for consumption – CPC

P4



1095
D AY S

since chibok
schoolgirls
were abducted

KEEP DONATING TO THE
DAILY TRUST IDPS RELIEF FUND

First Bank
GTB
Jaiz
Union Bank
UBA

– 2028620800
– 0175835101
– 0001706242
– 0045259464
–1019182505

3 cops, 1 soldier killed in
Yobe army, police clash
From Hamisu Kabir Matazu, Damaturu

S

oldiers and policemen fighting
the Boko Haram insurgency in
Yobe State yesterday turned their
guns against each other in Damaturu,

the capital resulting in fatalities.
Trouble began Tuesday when a man
was said to have interfered with the
convoy of a police mobile squadron as
a result of which he was manhandled.
The person turned out to be an

army officer. Sources told Daily Trust
yesterday that soldiers decided to
exert revenge.
They went and took away the mobile
police commandant and detained
him.

The following day policemen
went to a military formation at the
Presidential Lodge to free their
commandant.

EFCC finds over N15 billion in Lagos home

 Foreign currencies and naira notes found at House 16, Osborne Road, Ikoyi (top, left) in Lagos yesterday.

Northern delegates reject
Jonathan’s confab report

P 8

DSS foils attack on
US, UK embassies

P 4

— Continued on page 6

>>> P. 5

Photo: EFCC

Arik Air owes creditors
N387bn - AMCON

P 13

DAILY TRUST, Thursday, April 13, 2017

www.dailytrust.com

>>PAGETWO
Like us on
Facebook.com/dailytrust

follow us on Twitter:
@daily_trust

Compiled by

follow us on Instagram:
@daily_trust

WEATHER

AFRICANSAYINGS>>

ABUJA

KADUNA

KANO

MAIDUGURI

JOS

THUNDERSTORMS

PARTIALLY CLOUDY

PARTIALLY CLOUDY

PARTIALLY CLOUDY

THUNDERSTORMS

Pain and laughter go hand
in hand. (Kenya
Source: BBC collection of listeners’ proverbs

35 24 35 23 40 26 42 26 31 20
MAX

MIN

MAX

SOKOTO

MIN

IBADAN

ABBAS JIMOH
&
KINGSLEY INANILA

MAX

MIN

ENUGU

MAX

MIN

MAX

P/HARCOURT

MIN

LAGOS

FOOD FOR THOUGHT>>
You cannot shake hands with
a clenched fist.

SUNNY

THUNDERSTORMS THUNDERSTORMS THUNDERSTORMS

THUNDERSTORMS

42 29 33 24 36 25 28 19 32 26
MAX

MIN

MAX

MIN

MAX

MIN

MAX

MIN

MAX

Indira Gandhi

MIN

(Temperature in centigrade)

PHOTO
OF THE
DAY>>
 Children perform
at the Jos Carnival
opening ceremony in
Jos yesterday

Photo: NAN

PRAYER TIMES

CITIES

FAJR

DHUHR

ASR

ABUJA

5:06

12:42

3:38

6:46

7:51

ENUGU

5:02

12:41

3:37

6:49

7:54

KADUNA

5:10

12:41

3:37

6:42

KANO

5:11

12:57

3:33

KATSINA

5:13

12:41

3:37

LAGOS

5:18

12:57

MAIDUGURI

4:48

P/HARCOURT
SOKOTO

MAGHRIB ISHA

STOCK INDEX
TRANSEXPR

FIDSON

TRANSCORP

AIICO

FBNH

OPEN

0.87

0.93

0.73

0.53

3.09

7:47

CLOSE

0.91

0.97

0.76

0.55

3.19

6:35

7:40

CHANGE

0.04

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.10

6:37

7:42

3:53

7:05

8:10

LOSERS

UNILEVER

WAPCO

ASHAKACEM

NAHCO

JAIZBANK

12:18

3:14

6:16

7:21

OPEN

35.00

47.50

9.50

2.47

1.10

5:02

12:43

3:39

6:53

7:49

CLOSE

33.25

45.13

9.03

2.35

1.05

5:22

12:50

3:46

6:46

7:51

CHANGE

-1.75

-2.37

-0.47

-0.12

-0.05

SOURCE: Society for the propagation of Islam, Kaduna

NO,
THANK
YOU





GAINERS

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whatever name, from those they encounter in the course of their work.
Please assist us by not seeking to influence our reporters and editors with your favours. Where they can, our
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Report anyone who claims to be our staff, but engages in unethical conduct. To blow the whistle, send an SMS to
08035896941, 08055497449 or an email to whistleblower@dailytrust.com

Help us
produce
newspapers
you can
trust.

DAILY TRUST, Thursday, April 13, 2017

3

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Easter is_on
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our family to yours
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DAILY TRUST, Thursday, April 13, 2017

4

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NEWS

Mirinda, Lucozade unsafe for consumption – CPC
By Francis Arinze Iloani, Ojoma Akor (Abuja) &
Mohammed Shosanya (Lagos)

T

he
Consumer
Protection
Council (CPC) said Mirinda and
Lucozade soft drinks are unsafe
for Nigerian consumers.
The council said both beverages
contained benzoic acid level above
the limit approved by the Nigerian
Industrial Standard (NIS).
The Council said in a statement
obtained by Daily Trust yesterday
in Abuja that while the NIS limit for
benzoic acid is 250mg/Kg, when
combined with Vitamin C and 300mg/
Kg without Vitamin C, test revealed
that Mirinda, a product of 7UP
Bottling Company, contained benzoic
acid ranging between 0.56mg/L to
330.9mg/L.
It said Lucozade, formerly produced
by Glaxo SmithKline, contained the
acid between 2.26mg/L to 323.53mg/L.
The two companies were however
not available for comments yesterday.
The council said the test was
conducted at the Sheda Science and
Technology Complex (SHESTCO), a
laboratory under the Federal Ministry
of Science and Technology.
The council said it obtained 65
samples of soft drinks from the open
market in eight locations within the
six geopolitical zones of Nigeria, made
up of Fanta Orange, Sprite, Mirinda
and Lucozade.
“The Council also observed from
the results that there were isolated
cases of Mirinda and Lucozade with
Benzoic Acid levels of 330.9mg/L and

323.53mg/L respectively, which are
above the NIS limit,” the Director
General of CPC, Mrs Dupe Atoki, said.
The Council further said the test
found that benzoic acid levels in
Fanta Orange ranged from 5.09mg/L
to 197.0mg/L while that of Sprite
ranged from 2.82mg/L to 239.0mg/L,

indicating that both soft
drinks were safe for
Nigerian consumers
as they contained
benzoic acid within
the limit approved by
the NIS.
Atoki said NAFDAC

and SON have been informed of the
investigation and has recommended
regulatory action and review of the
“benzoic acid limits in soft drinks as
the current standard, which has been
in existence since 2008 is overdue for
review.”
Effects of excess benzoic acid on
the human system
Head Dietetics Department at
the National Hospital, Abuja, Mrs
Sarah Abagi said excess benzoic acid
has negative effects on the skin, the
nervous system and the skeletal
system and bones.
She said benzoic acid should not
be more than the approved limit or
in large quantities in food and drinks
especially carbonated drinks because
of these effects and the diseases it
cause, adding that it was used as an
emulsifier and in body creams.
Asked the approved limit, she
said deciding the approved limit
for each country or area is usually
done by experts like, food scientists
and food technologists, biochemists
and process engineers under the
purview of regulatory organizations
like National Agency for Food and
Drug Administration and Control
(NAFDAC).
Health experts also say that benzoic
acids may react with ascorbic acid
(Vitamin C) in some soft drinks,
forming small quantities of benzene,
which causes cancer and other
ailments.
Some studies have also linked
benzene with bone marrow failure,
acute leukemia and aplastic anemia.

Malabu: Why we’ll invite Why Buhari didn’t attend FEC meeting – FG
Jonathan – Reps panel
By Isiaka Wakili

By Musa Abdullahi Krishi
The chairman of the
House of Representatives
ad-hoc panel probing
the contract of Oil
Prospecting
License
(OPL)
245,
Razak
Atunwa, has confirmed
that
his
committee
would invite former
president,
Goodluck
Jonathan.
The lawmaker said in a
statement yesterday that
the committee plans to
invite Jonathan, but that
they are still monitoring
unfolding events.
“The
House
of
Representatives,
by
a
resolution
taken
at plenary set up
and
mandated
this
committee to, inter
alia,
conduct
a
thorough examination
of the process and
circumstances
surrounding OPL 245
and identify culpability
of any persons, groups or
organizations.
“The
committee
is aware of recent
information
that
has come to light,
both
nationally
and
internationally,
indicating that former

president
Goodluck
Jonathan may have
been complicit in the
controversial OPL 245
deal.
“The committee is
also closely monitoring
the proceedings in the
Italian Courts instituted
by the Public Prosecutor
of Milan, in which
ministers in Jonathan
administration
were
mentioned
including
the president Jonathan
himself.
“These facts have
firmly placed former
president Jonathan on
the committee’s radar.
The committee believes
that former president
Jonathan may well be in
a position to assist it with
its inquiries.
“A c c o r d i n g l y,
the
committee
is
considering inviting him
to give evidence before
it. An announcement
will be made once a
formal firm decision is
taken on the matter. The
committee intends to be
meticulous,
thorough
and comprehensive in
its inquiry so as to bring
about finality to this
seemingly
intractable
matter,” he said.

The Federal Government
said
President
Muhammadu
Buhari
was absent at yesterday’s
meeting of the Federal
Executive
Council
(FEC) because he was
attending to other issues.
Ministers had been
seated awaiting the
president’s arrival before
Vice President Yemi
Osinbajo called for the
recitation of the national
anthem and presided
over the meeting, which
lasted three hours.
It was the first time
President
Buhari
would be absent at the
FEC meeting since he
returned to Nigeria from
a medical vacation in

London on March 10.
President Buhari had,
at that time, told the
nation that he would,
in some weeks’ time,
go back to London for
further check-ups.
Addressing
State
House correspondents
after the meeting, the
Minister of Information
and
Culture,
Lai
Mohammed, said the
president’s absence did
not indicate that he was
ill again.
According
to
Mohammed, it is not
unusual for Osinbajo to
preside over a council
meeting even if Buhari is
hale and hearty.
He
said: “Clearly,
when we came in this
(yesterday)
morning,

Mr
President
was
not in the Chambers.
Understandably,
that
has sparked a lot of
controversies
and
agitation among the
people.
“Mr President is in
town. Mr President
is attending to other
issues. He looked at
the agenda, it was light
and he decided that
vice president should
preside.
“Mr.
President
is
not ill. He’s not sick. It
is not unusual for the
president to ask the VP
to preside. We know it is
not unusual. The interest
that has been shown was
given the fact that the
president was away for
a while for treatment.

So, we are not surprised
that people may be
wondering is he ill again?
“Tomorrow morning,
he will be back in the
office. It is not unusual
even if the president
is hale and hearty for
the VP to preside over a
council meeting, even
when the president is
around.
“The fact that Mr
President is not in the
office does not mean
that he is not working. I
have just been told now
that the Secretary to the
Government is already
with him in the residence
working. So, the fact that
you did not see him in
the office does not mean
that he is not working at
all.”

DSS foils attack on US, UK embassies
By Ronald Mutum
The Department of State Services
(DSS) has arrested five suspects
allegedly planning to attack the
United States and United Kingdom
embassies in Abuja.
A statement yesterday by DSS
official, Tony Opuiyo, said the
service busted the ISIS-linked
Boko Haram members based in
Benue State and the FCT.
He said: “The group had
perfected plans to attack the UK
and American embassies and

other western interests in Abuja.”
He added that: “during the
operation to thwart this plan, five
key suspects, namely: Isa Jibril,
Jibril Jibril, Abu Omale Jibril,
Halidu Sule and Amhodu Salifu,
were arrested.”
He also said suspected Ansaru
kingpins, Ahmed Momoh and
Al-amin Mohammed Jamin were
arrested at Igarra, Akoko Edo LGA,
Edo State.
They were said to have been
confirmed as associates of Abu
Uwais, the main Ansaru kingpin

terrorizing residents in Kogi and
Edo States.
Opuiyo further said former
Governor of Benue State, Gabriel
Suswam, is being detained in line
with the dictates of the law, noting
that he has not cooperated on
issues concerning the recovery of
large cache of arms at his facilities.
He explained that, “While
investigation is ongoing on this
matter, the Service has valid
detention warrants to keep him. He
will be charged accordingly, once
the investigations are concluded.”

DAILY TRUST, Thursday, April 13, 2017

NEWS

Like us on Facebook.com/dailytrust
follow us on Twitter: @daily_trust

5

EFCC finds over
N15bn in Ikoyi
Lagos home
From Eugene Agha, Lagos
Operatives of the Economic and Financial
Crimes Commission (EFCC) yesterday found
over N15 billion in a house in Ikoyi, Lagos
State.
The money was allegedly found in the
home of an Abuja-based politician on Gerard
Road, Ikoyi.
As at 8pm yesterday, a source close to EFCC
said the money was well over N15 billion, and
that the EFCC operatives, acting on a tipoff by
a whistle blower, stormed the house around
5pm.
When contacted, the EFCC spokesman in
Lagos State, Mr Samin Amaddin, confirmed
the discovery but said they were still counting
the money.
"We are still counting. Just give us few more
minute and I will give you the actual figure,"
he said as at 8.15pm yesterday when our
correspondent contacted him on phone.

Protesters ground Bida
over poor power supply
From Ahmed Tahir Ajobe, Minna
Youths in their hundreds yesterday grounded
economic activities in Bida, the headquarters
of Bida Emirate in protest over what they
referred to as “obnoxious and deliberate act
by the Abuja Electricity Distribution Company
(AEDC) to strangulate power supply to the city
and environs.”
The protesters barricaded all entry points
and major intersections within the city, thereby
stalling movements. Vehicles caught in the crisis
could not get out of the city for the five hours the
protest lasted.
The protesters who were in all-back attires
signifying darkness, also mostly held local
lanterns and torchlights to demonstrate their
helplessness with public power supply.
They marched to the Bida office of the AEDC
located on Lemu off Zungeru road, where
they presented their position to Mr. Abednego
Akubuko, the Niger state regional manager.
The protesters then marched to the Wadata
Palace of the Etsu Nupe, Alhaji Yahaya Abubakar,
where they also presented their grievances to
the royal father.
In the position signed by Comrade Umar
A.Saidu, the Steering Committee chairman
averred that “In the last 28 months, power supply
to the citizens of Bida has been worrisome, poor
repeatedly and viciously epileptic, despite that
a hydro-electricity base is situated in our state.”
He said the epileptic power supply was
adversely affecting the economic growth of Bida
and hurting the citizenry who he said still had
to pay ‘staggering amounts monthly as bill for
power not consumed.’
They therefore gave the AEDC three weeks
within which to restore steady power supply
and to stop estimated billing.
At the palace, the Etsu Nupe appealed to
the protesters to remain calm, promising to
forward their grievances to the appropriate
authority for action.
Responding, AEDC Head Public Relations
and Media, Malam Ahmed Shekarau said
the demand for 24 hours of electricity supply
was impossible at the moment, adding, “We
currently give them supply for 12 hours, which
is very good considering the energy allocation
to our Company.”
On the issue of estimated billing, Malam
Shekarau said although the AEDC recognized
the right of each of its customers to have a
meter, because it inherited a situation whereby
half of its customers were unmetered, it could
not bridge the metering gap as quickly as
customers would want.

 Some refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) wait for items
distributed by NCFRMI at the IDP Center in Ikoyi, Lagos yesterday.

Photo: Benedict Uwalaka

Windstorm destroys 50 houses
in Gombe, 30 in Cross River
From Haruna Gimba Yaya (Gombe), Eyo
Charles (Calabar) & Emma Elekwa (Awka)

A

downpour occurring with
windstorm has destroyed
no fewer than 50 houses in
DadinKowa town of YamaltuDeba
Local Government Area of Gombe
State.
The heavy rain that lasted over an
hour, wreaked havoc in some parts
of the town, destroying the tens of
houses and injuring many people.
Daily Trust correspondent who
visited the affected houses yesterday,
reports that no life was lost, but the
over 50 houses were located in about
10 residential areas, forcing occupants
to seek refuge in neighbours’ houses.
An affected resident of HawaHawaquarters, Malam Yusuf Sani, said
he was sleeping in his two-bedroom
apartment when the room collapsed.
“We were sleeping with my family
when the building collapsed. I was
able to evacuate them safely to our
family house, but in the process I got a
minor injury in my back,” he said.
Apart from residential buildings,
electric poles that supplied the area
with electricity were affected.

Speaking to Daily Trust on the
incident, the Information Officer of
Yamaltu Emirate Council, Adamu
Muhammad Mijinyawa, said the
Emirate had compiled the list of the
houses that were destroyed by the
windstorm for submission to the
authorities at the local government
headquarters in Deba.
And in Cross Rivers State, a wild
wind destroyed 30 residential and
public buildings in Emankpa Egbong
and other communities in Ekajuk,
Ogoja.
The windstorm blew off roofs of
the houses and pulled down walls,
displacing over 200 persons.
The storm which was accompanied
by heavy rain, destroyed household
properties and tree crops such as
pears, mangoes, oranges, pawpaw
and plantain.
Witnesses have described the
situation as pathetic as victims are
now squatting with neighbors and
relatives while members of churches
destroyed now worship under tree
shades and some other inconvenient
places.
The Director General of the Cross
River State Emergency Management

Agency (SEMA), Mr.John Inaku
assured that the list of the victims
would be forwarded to the Governor
for intervention.
In Anambra State, no fewer than
200 persons, including a 98-year old
man, Emmanuel Onyeleme, were
rendered homeless following a flood
that caused much damage in Ubaha
Ezira community in Orumba Local
Government Area.
Narrating their ordeal to newsmen
yesterday at Ezira, the nonagenarian
Emmanuel Onyeleme said they now
lived like refugees in their hometown.
He said the type of flood in their
community after the downpour that
lasted hours on Monday was the first
of its kind he had witnessed in his
lifetime. Attributing the development
to certain contractor handling a road
construction in the area, Onyeleme
said, “Government should take
responsibility for this because they
brought these contractors who are
doing this shoddy job that led to this
catastrophe. They should construct
a proper gutter along this road so
that subsequent rains would not
submerge us. And they should pay us
for this damage.”

Osinbajo’s visit: Traders protest demolition of stalls
From Kabiru R. Anwar,Yola
Hundreds of roadside traders
who were chased from their
business places by Adamawa
State Government as part of
preparation for Vice President
Osinbajo’s visit have accused
the state government of violating
their rights.
The traders including fruit
sellers, food sellers, vulcanisers
and other small scale business
owners said members of
the taskforce appointed by

government confiscated their
goods which they shared among
themselves even when they
conducted their business without
constituting any problem to traffic
or pedestrians.
Osinbanjo is scheduled to
commission some road projects
in the state today as part of his
one-day official visit to the state
capital, Yola.
Chairman of the Fruit and
Vegetables Sellers Association in
the state, Abubakar Mai Dama
said the action of the state

government had dispossessed
hundreds of traders of their hard
earned capital, thereby plunging
families into hardship.
He wondered how government
embarked on demolition of their
stands without prior notice or
involving the affected persons
who worked hard to survive in the
current economic hardship.
A trader who gave his name as
Vandi urged politicians to always
encourage self-reliance among
the citizens instead of treating
them ‘like foreigners.’

DAILY TRUST, Thursday, April 13, 2017
Like us on Facebook.com/dailytrust
follow us on Twitter: @daily_trust

6

NEWS

Buhari appoints
CBN non-executive
directors
By Isiaka Wakili
President Muhammadu Buhari
yesterday forwarded a list of
nominees to the Senate for
confirmation as Non-Executive
Directors of the Board of the
Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).
Presidential spokesman, Mr
Femi Adesina disclosed this in a
statement.
According
to
Adesina,
the nominees are; Professor
Ummu Ahmed Jalingo (North
East),
Professor
Justitia
Odinakachukwu
Nnabuko
(South East), Professor Mike I.
Obadan (South South), Dr Abdu
Abubakar (North West), Adeola
Adetunji (South West).

...asks media to hold
govt to account
By Chris Agabi
President Muhammadu Buhari
has advised the Nigerian public,
especially media practitioners,
to pay more attention to details
about government policies.
According
to
a
press
statement, the president made
the remark in an interview with
editors of ‘The 2017 Nigeria
Outlook’, a new economic and
business annual soon to make
its debut in May 2017.
“It is said that the onlooker
sees more of the game than
the person playing it. We are
in government, and depend
on feedback given by other
stakeholders, particularly the
media” the statement quoted
the president to have said.
Speaking with particular
reference to the recently
launched Nigeria Economic
Recovery and Growth Plan
(NERGP), Buhari said, “You are
in a better position to gauge
the reaction of the public to our
economic blueprint. But one
thing I can say confidently is that
the ERGP, as enunciated by this
administration, will place the
Nigerian economy on a sound
foundation that will stand us in
good stead for decades.”
President
Buhari
also
disclosed that “All prognosis
point to the fact that Nigeria
will exit recession soon. We
will continue to do what we
are doing, and count on the
mercy and beneficence of Allah
to bless it. Setting a time that
we will exit recession is not as
important as actually getting
back to economic prosperity in
the shortest possible time. And
that is our goal.”

 From left: Secretary to Government of the Federation, David Babachir Lawal; Minister of Water Resources, Suleiman
Adamu; Minister of Health, Isaac Adewole; National Security Adviser, retired Maj.-Gen. Babagana Monguno and Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, during the Federal Executive Council meeting presided by the vice president at the Presidential Villa in
Abuja yesterday
Photo: Felix Onigbinde

3 cops, 1 soldier killed in Yobe army, police clash
— Continued on page 1

What happened next was
not clear, but what residents
heard was rapid gunfire.
Two policemen and a
soldier were said to have been
killed in the shooting but
there was no confirmation of
this from both sides. Many
others were also wounded
and taken to hospital.
Both the Army and the police
in a joint four-paragraph
statement confirmed the
clash describing the incident
as unfortunate.
A
statement
by
the
Deputy
Director,
Army
Public Relations, Colonel
Kayode
Ogunsoya,
said:
“The
attention
of
this
Headquarters has been drawn
to an unfortunate incident
that
happened
between
some unguided soldiers and
policemen in Damaturu this
morning.
“A joint committee between
the Nigerian Army and the
Nigerian Police has been set
up to investigate the incident.
“This Headquarters wishes
to assure the members of the
public that the situation has
been brought under control
and normalcy has been
restored.”
A source at Damaturu
Specialist hospital revealed

that one of the policemen
was brought dead, while the
other two policemen and the
soldier died on arrival due to
excessive bleeding.
Our
correspondent,
who visited the hospital,
confirmed
seeing
the
wounded commandant in
charge of 41, Dauda Buba
Fika, at VIP8, Amenity ward of
the hospital.
“He was just brought out
of the operation, two bullets
were removed from his body,
one from the ball joint and the
other from pelvic,” one of the
hospital staff revealed.
A joint committee of
Nigerian Army and Nigeria
police force has been set up to
investigate the violent clash.
*There shouldn’t be rivalryYobe Gov’t
It was gathered that a
meeting was held at the
instance of the state deputy
governor Abubakar D. Aliyu,
who stood in for Governor
Ibrahim Gaidam.
During
the
meeting
attended by heads of the
two security agencies, the
deputy governor, lamented
the incident and urged them
to work together so as not
to jeopardize the peace that
returned to the state after
years of fear.
A source close to the

meeting said, “He also
told them that they should
remain partners in progress
and not rivals and that the
peace being enjoyed was
achieved as a result of serious
collaboration.”
Meanwhile, residents of
Damaturu have condemned
the incident in strong terms.
Some residents interviewed
said they were rattled by the
sound of gun shots that rent
the air in the early hours of
yesterday.
They described the incident
as “an ugly development” that
reminded them of the ugly
days of Boko Haram terrorists
act.
They called on the military
and the police hierarchy in
Abuja to investigate this
“terribly
embarrassing
incident” that brought the
“two security agencies to
disrepute.”
The major roundabout in
Damaturu, which also served
as an intersection that leads to
Maiduguri, Gujba and Gashua
was blocked by soldiers for
hours, a development that
grounded
movement
of
vehicles to and out of the Yobe
capital.
Halima Ali, a civil servant
in Sabon Fegi, said she was
rattled by the gun fires from
both the mobile policemen

and soldiers “over a simple
matter that ought to have
been sorted out amicably.”
“In all honesty, I thought it
was the Boko Haram militants
that launched an attack;
everybody was scared. When
the shooting began I dashed
into a nearby house for safety
and could not even go out at
all,” she said.
Amin
Aliyu,
another
resident of Sani Daura Estate,
described the incident as
“most unfortunate.”
He said: “Though the sound
of the gun shots was only
heard in some places, what
transpired was impunity of
the highest order at a time
both the police and the army
have gone far in redeeming
their image.
“We all forgot when last we
heard gunshot in Damaturu
but
here
we’re
today,
completely traumatized,” he
said.
Daily Trust gathered that
the commander of the mobile
police was taken by soldiers
to a military formation at
Kukareta in the outskirt of
Damaturu.
However, members of his
squadron felt slighted and
thereafter stormed the army
formation at the Presidential
Lodge thinking he was being
detained there.

UNICEF worries over B/Haram child bombers
By Olayemi John-Mensah
The United Nations Children
Fund (UNICEF), has lamented
the increasing number of
children used in suicide attacks
by Boko Haram insurgents.
Unicef said the number
increased to 27 in the first
quarter of 2017 compared to

nine over the same period last
year.
In a report released to mark
the 3rd anniversary of the
abduction of Chibok girls,
Unicef’s Regional Director for
West and Central Africa, MariePierre Poirier stated yesterday
that, in the first three months
of this year, the number of

children used in bomb attacks
is nearly the same as the whole
of last year.
“The
increase
reflects
an alarming tactic by the
insurgents, according to the
report Silent Shame: Bringing
out the voices of children
caught in the Lake Chad crisis.
So far, 117 children have been

used to carry out bomb attacks
in public places across Nigeria,
Chad, Niger and Cameroon
since 2014: four in 2014, 56 in
2015, 30 in 2016 and 27 only in
the first three months of 2017.
Girls have been used in the
vast majority of these attacks,”
Poirier said.
Released three years after

the abduction of over 200
schoolgirls in Chibok, the
report provides troubling
accounts by children, who
were held in captivity at the
hands of Boko Haram, and
shows how these children
were met with deep suspicion,
when they returned to their
communities.

DAILY TRUST, Thursday, April 13, 2017
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NEWS

7

Almajiri problem will persist till FG, states collaborate – Yakasai
States sending away Almajirai not helping situation
From Yusha’u A. Ibrahim, Kano

A

former Special Adviser
to former President
Shehu Aliyu Shagari
on Political Matters, Alhaji
Salihu Tanko Yakasai, has said
that unless the federal, state
and local governments join
forces and face the Almajiri
phenomenon seriously, the
trend would not be stopped

for many years to come.
Speaking to Daily Trust in
Kano yesterday, Yakasai said
the Almajiri trend needed a
holistic approach and that
government at all levels must
play
their
roles
appropriately, as anything
short of that continued to be
the case, the system would
continue to defy efforts to
tackle it.

He said the ‘fire brigade
approach’ adopted by the
Kano State Government to
stop the trend by arresting
and sending Almajirai to their
respective states would only
aggravate things.
“If you arrest Almajirai in
Kano and deport them to
their respective states, what
will happen to others that are
roaming the streets in Zaria,

Bauchi, Sokoto and Zamfara?
So,
unless
governments
of northern states and the
federal government come
together and face this issue
with all seriousness, we
cannot solve the problem.”
The former political adviser
said since the system had
become a tradition in the
North, government should
come in and synchronize it
with western education.
“The
Almajiri
school

programme introduced by
the immediate past President,
Goodluck Jonathan is the
best way of addressing the
Almajiri trend. Unfortunately,
the programme has been
abandoned halfway,” he said.
He said it was not
something that could be
stopped overnight, advising
that
northern
governors
should set a target for
themselves within which to
address the problem.

Commission
investigating
Ibrahim Idris,
Idris Wada
submits report
From Itodo Daniel Sule, Lokoja
The Judicial Commission of Inquiry
set up by the Kogi State Government
to probe the administrations of
former governors Ibrahim Idris
and Idris Ichalla Wada yesterday
submitted the report of its findings
to government.
While presenting the report
to Governor Yahaya Bello at the
Government House, Lokoja, the
Chairman of the Commission,
Justice Wada Abubakar Umar, said
71 witnesses made presentations.
He recalled that the Commission
was mandated to, among others,
investigate all contracts awarded
by the two previous governments,
determine whether the contracts
were executed in line with contract
agreements, trace and recover all
monies and properties belonging
to the state and look into all cases
of maladministration within the
period under investigation.
Umar said the commission
relied on memoranda, summons
and public hearings as part of
instruments used in the discharge
of its assignment, and expressed
the hope that implementation
of the report would boost good
governance.
Receiving the report, Governor
Yahaya Bello said the panel was not
meant to blackmail anyone but an
attempt to correct past mistakes.

 Kaduna State CAN Secretary, Rev. Sunday Ibrahim, addresses journalists over the leadership tussle at Assemblies
of God Church, in Kaduna yesterday
Photo: Shehu K. Goro

Leadership tussle: Assemblies of God Church
leaders declare general council in North
From Christiana T. Alabi, Kaduna
The Chairman of Northern Leaders
of Assemblies of God, Reverend Baba
Fada has declared that there is no
going back on the leaders’ decision
to form Northern General Council of
the church for the North.
This was contained in a statement
issued by Reverend Fada who is also
the superintendent of Assemblies
of God in Katsina and who said
there was no accountability in
the management of the church
funds under one central command
structure.
A leadership tussle has been
lingering in the Assemblies of God
Church as two leaders, Professor Paul

Emeka and Dr. Chidi Okoroafor have
been at loggerheads over the position
of General Superintendent.
The statement read in part: “The
era of using Northern leaders and
members of the Church by top
leadership under one general council
and dumping them thereafter is
gone; as such, the Reverend Chidi
Okoroafor’s faction must accept the
change that has come to stay in the
church. In South Africa, there are
four general councils of the church
for the purpose of proper handling
of the church affairs throughout the
country. We are also looking forward
to having more than two general
councils of the church throughout
Nigeria,” he said.

He urged members of the church
at the grass root across the northern
states, including FCT, to remain calm
and committed to the common goal
that the leadership of the General
Church Council in the North was
pursuing.
Also, the secretary of the Christian
Association of Nigeria (CAN),
Kaduna chapter, Reverend Sunday
Ibrahim who is also a member of the
Assemblies of God church,
said creating a general council for
the North would calm nerves. “We
the North have decided to stay on our
own as a general council as a way to
stay out of the ongoing crisis in the
church as a result of which so many
things have gone wrong,” he said.

Kaduna records 2 cases of meningitis in 1 week Udom warns youths against disrupting
From Christiana T. Alabi, Kaduna

The Kaduna State Commissioner of
Health, Dr. Paul Manya Dogo has
disclosed that the state has recorded
12 suspected cases of cerebrospinal
meningitis from April 1 to 7, 2017,
out of which two were positive for the
disease.
He said the Ministry had begun
contact tracing and had picked up
three of the number of cases stated.
“Our Rapid Response Team sits weekly
to review surveillance activities and
now they have been directed to
meet daily. We have also requested
for vaccines to undertake reactive
immunization,” he said, assuring that
the state government would ensure
that the health of its citizens was
protected.

In a related development, the World
Health Organization (WHO) says it
has intensified public sensitization on
meningitis in the state.
The state Coordinator of WHO, Dr.
Dauda Madubu, according to a report
on the WHO website, said members
of the public needed to beware that
meningitis is contagious, as the bacteria
could be passed to people through the
exchange of respiratory secretion by
close contact via sneezing, coughing,
kissing and living in over-crowded
rooms without good ventilation.
“The disease affects both young
and old but prevalent among young
children, adolescents and the elderly
with commonest signs of neck stiffness
and headache in addition to fever,
vomiting; limb, joint, muscle pain; fast
breathing, among others,” he said.

ExxonMobil activities over relocation
From Dickson S. Adama, Uyo
Following the heightened agitation
and protests by various groups and
stakeholders over the relocation of
the headquarters of ExxonMobil
from Lagos to Akwa Ibom State which
is its operational base, Governor
Udom Emmanuel has warned
against incessant confrontation with
the company in order not to disrupt
their activities.
The governor who spoke at the
grand coronation of His Royal
Majesty,
Owong
(Dr)
Effiong
Archianga, the paramount Ruler
of Ibeno local government and

chairman of Akwa Ibom State
Council of Chiefs, said he was
currently leading the campaign for
the relocation of the headquarters
but that understanding was essential
not to jeopardize the process.
“I am in the forefront of the
campaign for the relocation of
ExxonMobil headquarters to Akwa
Ibom. I have already opened
discussion with relevant stakeholders
and management of the company,
but the youths and other protesters
must understand this move and
stop locking ExxonMobil’s gate. They
must allow workers of the company
access to the company,” he said.

DAILY TRUST, Thursday, April 13, 2017
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8
Northern delegates reject Jonathan’s confab report

By Saawua Terzungwe

N

orthern delegates to the 2014
National Conference yesterday
rejected the confab report.
The delegates to the conference
organised during the reign of former
president, Goodluck Jonathan, said
major decisions reached were arrived
at through ‘undemocratic’ means.
They warned against attempt by
any group to seek to implement or
influence the Federal Government or
any of its institutions to use the report
of the confab under any guise for the
purpose of restructuring Nigeria.

A communiqué after a meeting of the
Northern Delegates Forum said “We
maintain our position that the report
of the confab is of questionable legal
validity; is the outcome of a process
that lacks popular mandate or support
and major decisions were arrived at by
undemocratic means.”
The communiqué signed by the
forum’s chairman, Senator Jeremiah
Useni was read by the secretary,
Mohammed Kumalia at the end of the
meeting yesterday in Abuja.
“We urge members of the National
Assembly to be wary of and not rely or
act upon a report, which is full of flaws

 The Vice Chairman Presidential
Committee on
North- East Initiative (PCNI), Tijani
Tumsah, during a
courtesy visit by
a delegation from
Media Trust to PCNI
Headquarters in
Abuja yesterday
Photo: Ikechukwu Ibe

CCT to arraign Ngwuta April 20
By Clement A. Oloyede
The Code of Conduct Tribunal
(CCT) has fixed April 20 for the
arraignment of Justice Sylvester
Ngwuta, over allegations bordering
on non-declaration of assets as a
public officer.
The Federal Government had in
February filed a ten-count charge
against Ngwuta at the CCT.
He was accused of engaging in
private business as a public officer.
He was alleged to be trading in rice,
palm oil and other products, while
serving as a justice of the Supreme
Court.
The charge also accused the justice
of failure to declare the following
property: three duplexes at Chinedu

Ogah Avenue, Ntezi, Aba in Abakaliki;
22 plots of land at Chief Igwe Uga
Avenue, Abakaliki; six plots of land at
Frank Okoroafor Avenue, Abakaliki;
and Peugeot Saloon; Wrangler Jeep, a
Toyota Jeep; a BMW 5 Series Saloon
and a Liberty Jeep.
The FG also alleged that between
August 1, 2014 and July16, 2015,
Justice Ngwuta corruptly received
N36.31 million from one Mr Ogudu
Nwadire, through a personal bank
account
number
0018113021
domiciled at Union Bank PLC.
A statement yesterday by the
Head, Press and Public Relations of
CCT, Ibraheem Al-Hassan confirmed
that service of the summons has
been effected to Justice Ngwuta on
Tuesday.

EFCC raids Adoke’s house in Kano
By Ronald Mutum
Operatives of the Economic and
Financial
Crimes
Commission
(EFCC) have raided the house of
a former Attorney General of the
Federation and Minister of Justice,
Mohammed Adoke (SAN).
Daily Trust gathered yesterday
that EFCC agents found nothing
after breaking down doors of his
residence in Kano.
A source close to Adoke said there
was no evidence of a search warrant
but the EFCC broke down some
doors, searched everywhere and the
roof.
The sources added that there was

no information on the actual mission
of the operatives, noting that the
invasion is without deference to the
ongoing cases in court against the
ex-AGF.
The EFCC had on Monday April
3, 2017 asked a Federal High Court
in Abuja to issue a warrant of arrest
to compel Adoke to attend his trial,
over alleged diversion of $1.1 billion
during a controversial transfer of OPL
245 to Malabu, a company linked to
a former minister of petroleum, Dan
Etete.
When contacted yesterday, EFCC
spokesman Wilson Uwujaren said
he has no knowledge of the raid on
Adoke’s residence in Kano.

and not enjoying national or popular
support.
“We call upon any group of persons
or individuals agitating for any form
of restructuring of the federation, first
and foremost, to respect the existing
constitutional order and to seek to do
so within the bounds and parameters
stipulated under our constitution and
the law. To suggest otherwise would
lead to chaos and anarchy,” the forum
said.
Kumalia said the delegates would
initiate all necessary steps to garner
stakeholders supported against the
confab report.

NEWS
Chibok secondary school to
re-open next session – PCNI
By Joshua Odeyemi
Efforts are underway to re-open the
Government Girls Secondary School in
Chibok, Borno State where over 200 girls
were kidnapped by Boko Haram insurgents
three years ago.
Chairman of the Presidential Committee
on the North East Initiative (PCNI), General
Theophilus Danjuma (rtd) disclosed this
yesterday in Abuja, when he received the
management team of Media Trust Limited,
led by its Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and
Editor-in-Chief, Mannir Dan-Ali.
Danjuma, who was represented at the
meeting by the Vice Chairman of the PCNI,
Tijjani Tumsah said “the school will reopen in the next academic session.”
He said government had designed
strategic plans that would resolve the
short, medium and long term challenges of
the Northeast.
He noted that the organisation is the
coordinator of all humanitarian efforts
towards victims of insurgency in the
Northeast and acknowledged the effort of
Media Trust in helping to restore hope to
victims of insurgency.
While assuring that the organisation
would always be transparent and
accountable, he urged the public to
always make efforts to seek clarification
concerning its activities.
Earlier, the Media Trust CEO commended
efforts of the PCNI in providing succour to
victims of insurgency in the Northeast.
He said Media Trust, through its
foundation, had disbursed over N100
million to victims of insurgency in
Northeast.
Dan-Ali also said the organisation was on
the verge of constructing either a school or
a healthcare centre in the region.

DAILY TRUST, Thursday, April 13, 2017

9

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ϭ͘ϰ dŚĞ ǁĞůů ĂƩĞŶĚĞĚ &Ăŝƌ ĨĞĂƚƵƌĞĚ ƚŚŝƌƚLJͲŽŶĞ ;ϯϭͿ džŚŝďŝƚŽƌƐ ĐŽŵƉƌŝƐŝŶŐ ŽĨ ŵĂũŽƌ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ
ŽƉĞƌĂƚŽƌƐ ĂŶĚ ŽǀĞƌ ϭ͕ϬϬϬ ĚĞůĞŐĂƚĞƐ ĚĂŝůLJ͕
ƚ ƚŚĞ ĞŶĚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŽŶĨĞƌĞŶĐĞ ĂŶĚ &Ăŝƌ͕ ƉĂƌƟĐŝƉĂŶƚƐ ŵĂĚĞ ƚŚĞ ĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐ KďƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶƐ ĂŶĚ
ZĞƐŽůƵƟŽŶƐ͗
Ϯ͘Ϭ K ^ Zs d/KE^͗
ŝ͘ dŚĞ EK'K& ƐƵĐĐĞƐƐĨƵůůLJ ďƌŽƵŐŚƚ ƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌ Ăůů ƐƚĂŬĞŚŽůĚĞƌƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ Žŝů ĂŶĚ ŐĂƐ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ƚŽ
ĚŝƐĐƵƐƐ ĂŶĚ ĞdžĂŵŝŶĞ ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƟĞƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ǁŝƚŚ Ă ǀŝĞǁ ŽĨ ƌĂŝƐŝŶŐ ĂǁĂƌĞŶĞƐƐ
ĂŵŽŶŐƐƚ >ŽĐĂů ƐĞƌǀŝĐĞƐ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƌƐ͕ ƚŽ ŚĞůƉ ƚŚĞŵ ĂůŝŐŶ ƚŚĞŝƌ ďƵƐŝŶĞƐƐ ĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ďƵŝůĚ
ƌĞƋƵŝƌĞĚ ĐĂƉĂďŝůŝƟĞƐ͘

ŝŝ͘ dŚĞ EK'K& ƐŚŽƵůĚ ďĞ ƐƵƉƉŽƌƚĞĚ ƚŽ ďĞĐŽŵĞ Ă ƉůĂƞŽƌŵ ĨŽƌ ƵƉĚĂƟŶŐ ůŽĐĂů ĂŶĚ ŝŶĚŝŐĞŶŽƵƐ
ĐŽŵƉĂŶŝĞƐ ŽĨ ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƟĞƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ƐŽ ƚŚĞLJ ĐĂŶ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉ ƚŚĞ ĐĂƉĂĐŝƚLJ ƚŽ ŵĞĞƚ ƚŚĞ
ŶĞĞĚƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ͘

ŝŝŝ͘ ŬǁĂ /ďŽŵ ^ƚĂƚĞ 'ŽǀĞƌŶŵĞŶƚ ŵĂĚĞ Ă ĐŽŵŵŝƚŵĞŶƚ ƚŽ ƉĂƌƚŶĞƌ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ďLJ
ƉƌŽǀŝĚŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ƌĞƋƵŝƐŝƚĞ ƐĞĐƵƌŝƚLJ͕ ƌĞůŝĂďůĞ ŝŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞ ĂŶĚ ůĞŐŝƐůĂƟǀĞ ƐƵƉƉŽƌƚ ƚŽ ĞŶĐŽƵƌĂŐĞ
Žŝů ĂŶĚ ŐĂƐ ĐŽŵƉĂŶŝĞƐ ƚŽ ĞƐƚĂďůŝƐŚ ďĂƐĞƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ^ƚĂƚĞ͘ ,Ğ ĨƵƌƚŚĞƌ ƉƌŽŵŝƐĞĚ ƚŽ ƐƵƉƉŽƌƚ ƚŚĞ
ŚŽƐƟŶŐ ƚŚĞ &Ăŝƌ ŝŶ hLJŽ ŽŶ ĂŶ ĂŶŶƵĂů ďĂƐŝƐ͘

ŝǀ͘ /ŶĚŝŐĞŶŽƵƐ ĐŽŵƉĂŶŝĞƐ ŚĂǀĞ ĐůĞĂƌůLJ ĚĞŵŽŶƐƚƌĂƚĞĚ ĂŵƉůĞ ĐĂƉĂĐŝƚLJ ƚŽ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ ƐĞƌǀŝĐĞƐ ŝŶ
Ăůů ĂƐƉĞĐƚƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ͘ ǁŝƚŚ >ŽĐĂů ĐŽŶƚƌĂĐƚŽƌƐ͕ ŝŶ ƉŝƉĞůŝŶĞ ĐŽŶƐƚƌƵĐƟŽŶ ĨŽƌ ĞdžĂŵƉůĞ͕
ŚĂǀĞ ďĞĞŶ ĞdžƚĞŶƐŝǀĞůLJ ƵƟůŝnjĞĚ͕ ĂŶĚ ŚĂǀĞ ĚĞŵŽŶƐƚƌĂƚĞĚ ǁŽƌůĚ ĐůĂƐƐ ĐĂƉĂďŝůŝƚLJ ͘
ǀ͘ >ŽĐĂů ĐŽŶƚĞŶƚ͕ ŝĨ ƉƌŽƉĞƌůLJ ŝŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚĞĚ͕ ǁŝůů ƉŽƐŝƟǀĞůLJ ŝŵƉĂĐƚ ĂŶĚ ĐŚĂŶŐĞ ƚŚĞ ĨĂĐĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ
Žŝů ĂŶĚ ŐĂƐ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ŝŶ EŝŐĞƌŝĂ͕ ŝƚ ƚŚĞƌĞĨŽƌĞ ŶĞĞĚƐ ƚŽ ďĞ ƐĞĞŶ ŶŽƚ ũƵƐƚ ĂƐ Ă ŶĂƟŽŶĂů ŽďůŝŐĂƟŽŶ
ďƵƚ Ă ŵŽƌĂů ŝŵƉĞƌĂƟǀĞ ƚŚĂƚ ŝƐ ŐŽŽĚ ĨŽƌ ďƵƐŝŶĞƐƐ͘

ǀŝ͘ dŚĞƌĞ ŝƐ ƚŚĞ ŶĞĞĚ ĨŽƌ ĚĞĞƉĞŶŝŶŐ ŽĨ ĂƌĞĂƐ ŽĨ ƐƉĞĐŝĂůŝnjĂƟŽŶ ďLJ ůŽĐĂů ŽƉĞƌĂƚŽƌƐ͕ ƌĞĚƵĐƟŽŶ ŽĨ
ďƵƌĞĂƵĐƌĂĐLJ ďLJ ƌĞŐƵůĂƚŽƌƐ ĂŶĚ ƚƌĂŶƐƉĂƌĞŶĐLJ ŽŶ Ăůů ƐŝĚĞƐ ĂƐ Ă ŬĞLJ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ĨƵƚƵƌĞ ŐƌŽǁƚŚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ
Žŝů ĂŶĚ ŐĂƐ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ͘

ǀŝŝ͘ Kŝů ĐŽŵƉĂŶŝĞƐ ƐŚŽƵůĚ ĂƐ ŵƵĐŚ ĂƐ ƉŽƐƐŝďůĞ ďƵŝůĚ Ă ƐĞŶƐĞ ŽĨ ƐŚĂƌĞĚ ĂŶĚ ĐŽŵŵŽŶ
ƵŶĚĞƌƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ ŚŽƐƚ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐ͕ ŬĞĞƉŝŶŐ ƚŽ ĂŐƌĞĞŵĞŶƚƐ ŵĂĚĞ ŝŶ DKhƐ͕ ĞƚĐ͘

ǀŝŝŝ͘ dŚĞƌĞ ŝƐ ƐŽŵĞ ƉĞƌĐĞŝǀĞĚ ůĂĐŬ ŽĨ ĐůĂƌŝƚLJ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĂƉƉůŝĐĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ ƉŽůŝĐŝĞƐ ĂŶĚ ŐƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ
ĂƉƉůŝĐĂďůĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ Kŝů ĂŶĚ 'ĂƐ &ƌĞĞ dƌĂĚĞ ŽŶĞƐ͕ ƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌůLJ ĂƐ ŝƚ ƉĞƌƚĂŝŶƐ ƚŽ ƵƐƚŽŵƐ ĚƵƟĞƐ͕
/ŵŵŝŐƌĂƟŽŶ ŐƵŝĚĞůŝŶĞƐ ĞƚĐ͘ dŚĞƐĞ ŝƐƐƵĞƐ ƐŚŽƵůĚ ďĞ ĐůĂƌŝĮĞĚ ĨŽƌ ďĞƩĞƌ ƵŶĚĞƌƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐ
ĂŵŽŶŐ ƚŚĞ ǀĂƌŝŽƵƐ ĂŐĞŶĐŝĞƐ ŽĨ 'ŽǀĞƌŶŵĞŶƚ͘

ŝdž͘ dŚĞƌĞ ŝƐ ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐ ŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚ ĂŶĚ ĂǁĂƌĞŶĞƐƐ ŝŶ ŵŽĚƵůĂƌ ƌĞĮŶĞƌŝĞƐ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞŝƌ ƌŽůĞ ŝŶ ŝŵƉƌŽǀŝŶŐ
ƉƌŽĚƵĐƚ ƐƵƉƉůLJ ĂĐƌŽƐƐ ƚŚĞ ŶĂƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ƌĞĚƵĐŝŶŐ ĚĞƉĞŶĚĞŶĐLJ ŽŶ ƉĞƚƌŽůĞƵŵ ƉƌŽĚƵĐƚƐ
ŝŵƉŽƌƚĂƟŽŶ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚƌLJ͘ /ŶĚŝŐĞŶŽƵƐ ĂŶĚ ůŽĐĂů ŽƉĞƌĂƚŽƌƐ ĂŶĚ ƐĞƌǀŝĐĞ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƌƐ ǁĞƌĞ
ĞŶĐŽƵƌĂŐĞĚ ƚŽ ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌ ŝŶǀĞƐƟŶŐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞŵ͘


dž͘ dƌĂŝŶŝŶŐ ĂƐ ĂŶ ĞƐƐĞŶƟĂů ĐŽŵƉŽŶĞŶƚ ŽĨ ŚƵŵĂŶ ĐĂƉĂĐŝƚLJ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ͕ ĂƐ ŽƵƚůŝŶĞĚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ
EK'/ Đƚ͕ ƐŚŽƵůĚ ďĞ ĐŽŵƉůŝĞĚ ǁŝƚŚ ďLJ Ăůů ƉůĂLJĞƌƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞ ĂƩĂŝŶŵĞŶƚ ŽĨ
ĞīĞĐƟǀĞ ŝŶĚŝŐĞŶŽƵƐ ƉĂƌƟĐŝƉĂƟŽŶ͘
džŝ͘ dŚĞƌĞ ŝƐ Ă ǀĞƌLJ ĚŝƐĐĞƌŶŝďůĞ ŐĂƉ ďĞƚǁĞĞŶ ĂĐĂĚĞŵŝĂ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ͘ dŚĞƌĞ ŝƐ Ă ƚŚĞƌĞĨŽƌĞ
ƚŚĞ ŶĞĞĚ ƚŽ ĞŶƐƵƌĞ ĂůŝŐŶŵĞŶƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĐƵƌƌŝĐƵůƵŵ ŝŶ ŽƵƌ ƵŶŝǀĞƌƐŝƟĞƐ ǁŝƚŚ ƌĞƋƵŝƌĞŵĞŶƚƐ ŽĨ
ƚŚĞ Kŝů ĂŶĚ 'ĂƐ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ͘

džŝŝ͘ E D ŝƐ ǁĞůů ƐƚĂīĞĚ ǁŝƚŚ ƋƵĂůŝĮĞĚ ƉĞƌƐŽŶŶĞů ƚŽ ŐƵŝĚĞ ŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚĞĚ ŽƉĞƌĂƚŽƌƐ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ
ŶĞĐĞƐƐĂƌLJ ƉƌŽĐĞƐƐĞƐ ĨŽƌ ŝŶƚƌŽĚƵĐŝŶŐ ŶĞǁ ƉƌŽĚƵĐƚƐ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ EŝŐĞƌŝĂŶ Žŝů ĂŶĚ ŐĂƐ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ͘

ϯ͘Ϭ Z ^K>hd/KE^͗
/͘ dŚĞ EĂƟŽŶĂů ŽŶƚĞŶƚ ĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ ĂŶĚ DŽŶŝƚŽƌŝŶŐ ŽĂƌĚ ;E D Ϳ ƐŚŽƵůĚ ƐĞƌŝŽƵƐůLJ
ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌ ƚŚĞ ŽīĞƌ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŬǁĂ /ďŽŵ ^ƚĂƚĞ 'ŽǀĞƌŶŵĞŶƚ ƚŽ ŚŽƐƚ ƚŚĞ EK'K& ŽŶ ĂŶ ĂŶŶƵĂů
ďĂƐŝƐ͘ dŚŝƐ ŽīĞƌ ĐĂŶ ďĞ ŵŽĚĞůůĞĚ ĂŌĞƌ ƚŚĞ Kd ĂƐ Ă ǀĞƌŝƚĂďůĞ ƚŽŽů ƚŽ ĂĐĐĞůĞƌĂƚĞ ŝŶĚŝŐĞŶŽƵƐ
ƉĂƌƟĐŝƉĂƟŽŶ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ͘

ŝŝ͘ >ŽĐĂů ĂŶĚ /ŶĚŝŐĞŶŽƵƐ ŽŵƉĂŶŝĞƐ ƐŚŽƵůĚ ƌĞͲƐƚƌĂƚĞŐŝnjĞ ƚŽ ďƵŝůĚ ůŽĐĂů ĐĂƉĂĐŝƚLJ ĂŶĚ ŐƌŽǁ
ĞdžƉĞƌƟƐĞ ƚŽ ĞīĞĐƟǀĞůLJ ƉĂƌƟĐŝƉĂƚĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƟĞƐ ƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĞĚ ďLJ ƚŚĞ Kŝů ĂŶĚ 'ĂƐ
KƉĞƌĂƚŽƌƐ ƚŽ ďĞ ŵŽƌĞ ĐŽŵƉĞƟƟǀĞ͘

ŝŝŝ͘ dŚĞƌĞ ƐŚŽƵůĚ ďĞ ŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŽŶƚƌĂĐƚ ƉƉƌŽǀĂů ƉƌŽĐĞƐƐ ĂŶĚ ĐĂƉŝƚĂů ĞĸĐŝĞŶĐLJ͕
ƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌůLJ ŝŶ ƚŽĚĂLJΖƐ ĐŽŵƉĞƟƟǀĞ ǁŽƌůĚ ĞĐŽŶŽŵLJ͘ dŽ ƚŚŝƐ ĞŶĚ͕ ƚŚĞ ,ŽŶŽƵƌĂďůĞ DŝŶŝƐƚĞƌ ŽĨ
^ƚĂƚĞ ĨŽƌ WĞƚƌŽůĞƵŵΖƐ ĚŝƌĞĐƟǀĞ ĨŽƌ ƌĞĚƵĐƟŽŶ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŽŶƚƌĂĐƚ ƉƉƌŽǀĂů ƉƌŽĐĞƐƐ ƚŽ ŶŽƚ ŵŽƌĞ
ƚŚĂŶ Ɛŝdž ŵŽŶƚŚƐ ĂŶĚ ƌĞĚƵĐƟŽŶ ŽĨ ďƵƌĞĂƵĐƌĂĐLJ ǁĂƐ ǁĞůĐŽŵĞĚ ďLJ Ăůů͘

ŝǀ͘ KƉĞƌĂƚŽƌƐ ĂŶĚ ZĞŐƵůĂƚŽƌƐ ƐŚŽƵůĚ ŝŵƉƌŽǀĞ ƚŚĞŝƌ ĐŽůůĂďŽƌĂƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ďƵŝůĚ ƌĞƋƵŝƌĞĚ
ƐLJŶĞƌŐŝĞƐ ƚŽ ĂĐŚŝĞǀĞ ŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚ ŝŶ ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐ ŝŶĚŝŐĞŶŽƵƐ ĐĂƉĂĐŝƚLJ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞ
ďĞŶĞĮƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŶĂƟŽŶ͘ /ƚ ŝƐ ŝŵƉĞƌĂƟǀĞ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚĞ ŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŶĂƟŽŶ ŝŶ ŐƌŽǁŝŶŐ ůŽĐĂů ĐŽŶƚĞŶƚ
ƉĂƌƟĐŝƉĂƟŽŶ ŝƐ ƉƵƌƐƵĞĚ ĂŶĚ ƉƌŽŵŽƚĞĚ͕ ĞǀĞŶ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŽƉĞƌĂƟŽŶƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ &ƌĞĞ ŽŶĞ ƌĞĂƐ ŝŶ
ĂĐĐŽƌĚĂŶĐĞ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ ƌĞůĞǀĂŶƚ ůĂǁƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ůĂŶĚ͘

ǀ͘ ŽŵŵĞŶĚ ƚŚĞ WƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ DŽŚĂŵŵĂĚ ƵŚĂƌŝ ůĞĚ ĂĚŵŝŶŝƐƚƌĂƟŽŶ ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞ ĂƉƉƌŽǀĂů ŽĨ ƚŚĞ
ĞƐƚĂďůŝƐŚŵĞŶƚ ŽĨ ŵŽĚƵůĂƌ ƌĞĮŶĞƌŝĞƐ͘ Ăůů ŽŶ ůŽĐĂů ŽƉĞƌĂƚŽƌƐ ƚŽ ƚĂŬĞ ĂĚǀĂŶƚĂŐĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƉŽůŝĐLJ
ŝŶ ŽƌĚĞƌ ƚŽ Ɛƚ ƚŚĞ ĂǀĂŝůĂďŝůŝƚLJ ŽĨ ƉĞƚƌŽůĞƵŵ ƉƌŽĚƵĐƚƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵŶƚƌLJ ĂŶĚ ŝŵƉƌŽǀĞ ŝŶͲ
ĐŽƵŶƚƌLJ ĐĂƉĂĐŝƚLJ͘
ǀŝ͘ ĞůŝďĞƌĂƚĞ ĂŶĚ ĐŽŶĐĞƌƚĞĚ ĞīŽƌƚ ŵƵƐƚ ďĞ ŵĂĚĞ ďLJ Ăůů ƐƚĂŬĞŚŽůĚĞƌƐ ƚŽ ĨĂĐŝůŝƚĂƚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ
ĂŶĚ ĂĐĂĚĞŵŝĂ ůŝŶŬĂŐĞƐ ďLJ ƉƌŽŵŽƟŶŐ ƌĞƐĞĂƌĐŚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŝŶƐƟƚƵƟŽŶƐ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ĐŽŵŵĞƌĐŝĂůŝƐĂƟŽŶ
ĂŶĚ ƵƟůŝnjĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƌĞƐƵůƚƐ ĨŽƌ ǀĂůƵĞ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ŶĂƟŽŶΖƐ ĞĐŽŶŽŵLJ͘

ǀŝŝ͘ ǀĂŝůĂďůĞ ĨƵŶĚŝŶŐ ŵĞĐŚĂŶŝƐŵƐ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ ƚŚĞ EŝŐĞƌŝĂŶ ŽŶƚĞŶƚ ĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ &ƵŶĚ ;E &Ϳ͕
h< džƉŽƌƚ &ŝŶĂŶĐĞ ;h< &Ϳ͕ ĂŶŬ ŽĨ /ŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ĂŶĚ ŽƚŚĞƌ ůŽĐĂů ĮŶĂŶĐŝĂů ŝŶƐƟƚƵƟŽŶƐ ƐŚŽƵůĚ ďĞ
ŵĂĚĞ ŵŽƌĞ ĂĐĐĞƐƐŝďůĞ ƚŽ >ŽĐĂů ĂŶĚ ŝŶĚŝŐĞŶŽƵƐ ŽŵƉĂŶŝĞƐ ƚŽ ŝŵƉƌŽǀĞ ƚŚĞŝƌ ĂďŝůŝƚLJ ƚŽ
ĐŽŵƉĞƚĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ͘

ǀŝŝŝ͘ WƌŽĚƵĐĞ ĂŶ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ƌĞĨĞƌĞŶĐĞ ĚŽĐƵŵĞŶƚ ĂŶĚ ĐŽŵƉĞŶĚŝƵŵ ŽĨ ĚĂƚĂ ŽĨ ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƟĞƐ ƚŽ
ďĞ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉĞĚ ĂŶĚ ŬĞƉƚ ĂůŝǀĞ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƌĞŐƵůĂƌ ƵƉĚĂƚĞƐ ƚŽ ŚĞůƉ ůŽĐĂů͕ ŝŶĚŝŐĞŶŽƵƐ ĂŶĚ
ƉŽƚĞŶƟĂů ŝŶǀĞƐƚŽƌƐ ƉƌĞƉĂƌĞ ƚŚĞŝƌ ĐĂƉĂĐŝƟĞƐ ĂŶĚ ĐĂƉĂďŝůŝƟĞƐ ƚŽ ƉĂƌƟĐŝƉĂƚĞ ŝŶ ĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞ ĂŶĚ
ƵƉĐŽŵŝŶŐ ũŽďƐ͘ dŚŝƐ ƌĞĨĞƌĞŶĐĞ ĚŽĐƵŵĞŶƚ ǁŝůů ĂůƐŽ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ ůŝŶŬĂŐĞƐ ƚŽ ŽƚŚĞƌ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌŝĞƐ ĂŶĚ
ĂƌĞĂƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĞĐŽŶŽŵLJ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ WŽǁĞƌ͘

ŝdž͘ &ĂĐŝůŝƚĂƚĞ ĂŶ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ǁŝĚĞ ŝĚĞŶƟĮĐĂƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ĐŽŵƉŝůĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ ŚŝŐŚ ŝŵƉĂĐƚ ĂĐƟǀŝƟĞƐ ǁŝƚŚ
ƉŽƚĞŶƟĂů ĨŽƌ ĞŵƉůŽLJŵĞŶƚ ŐĞŶĞƌĂƟŽŶ͕ ƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐ͕ ŝŶͲĐŽƵŶƚƌLJ ǀĂůƵĞ ĂĚĚŝƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ƌĞǀĞŶƵĞ
ƌĞƚĞŶƟŽŶ ĨŽƌ ƐƵƉƉŽƌƚ ĂŶĚ ŝŶĐůƵƐŝŽŶ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ E D ϱͲLJĞĂƌ ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƟĞƐ ƌŽĂĚŵĂƉ͘
KE >h^/KE^ ͗
dŚĞ ŵĂŝĚĞŶ ĞĚŝƟŽŶ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ EŝŐĞƌŝĂŶ Kŝů ĂŶĚ 'ĂƐ KƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƚLJ &Ăŝƌ ǁĂƐ ǀĞƌLJ ǁĞůů ĂƩĞŶĚĞĚ ĂŶĚ
ƌĞĐĞŝǀĞĚ ďLJ ƉĂƌƟĐŝƉĂŶƚƐ ĂŶĚ ŝŶĚƵƐƚƌLJ ƐƚĂŬĞŚŽůĚĞƌƐ͘
dŚĞ ŵĂŝŶ ŽďũĞĐƟǀĞ ŽĨ E D ŝŶ ŽƌŐĂŶŝƐŝŶŐ ƚŚŝƐ ĨĂŝƌ ǁŚŝĐŚ ǁĂƐ ƚŽ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ Ă ƚǁŽ ǁĂLJ
ŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶ ŇŽǁ ŽŶ ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƟĞƐ ĂŶĚ ŝŶͲĐŽƵŶƚƌLJ ĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞ ĐĂƉĂĐŝƟĞƐ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ ƚŚĞ Žŝů ĂŶĚ ŐĂƐ
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