QTS 4.3.x HOME en .pdf

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Original filename: QTS_4.3.x_HOME_en.pdf
Title: QNAP Turbo NAS Software User Manual
Author: © 2016 QNAP Systems, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

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QNAP Turbo NAS
Software User Manual
(Version: 4.3.x)

This manual is applicable to the following Turbo NAS models: TS-112, TS-112P, TS-120, TS-121,
TS-212, TS-212-E, TS-212P, TS-220, TS-221, HS-210, TS-420, TS-420U, TS-421, TS-421U
*Unless otherwise specified, the content of this manual applies to all the above NAS models.
*For user manuals of other NAS models and firmware versions, please visit
http://docs.qnap.com

1

Table of Contents
Notice ............................................................................................................................................................................ 6
Legal Notice and Disclaimer ......................................................................................................................................... 7
Regulatory Notice ......................................................................................................................................................... 9
Document Annotation................................................................................................................................................ 11
Safety Information and Precautions .......................................................................................................................... 12
Getting Started ............................................................................................................................................................... 13
Hardware Installation ................................................................................................................................................ 14
Hard Disk Drive Compatibility List ......................................................................................................................... 15
Checking System Status.......................................................................................................................................... 16
Software Installation .................................................................................................................................................. 19
Smart Installation Guide ........................................................................................................................................ 20
Cloud Installation ................................................................................................................................................... 21
HDMI Installation ................................................................................................................................................... 22
Getting Utilities .......................................................................................................................................................... 23
Connecting to NAS Shared Folders ............................................................................................................................ 24
Windows ................................................................................................................................................................. 25
Mac or Linux ........................................................................................................................................................... 26
Connecting to NAS by Web Browser ......................................................................................................................... 27
Migrating NAS............................................................................................................................................................. 28
QTS Basics and Desktop ................................................................................................................................................. 32
Introducing QTS .......................................................................................................................................................... 33
Using QTS Desktop ..................................................................................................................................................... 35
System Settings .............................................................................................................................................................. 40
General Settings ......................................................................................................................................................... 41
Storage Manager ........................................................................................................................................................ 44
Volume Management............................................................................................................................................. 45
RAID Management ................................................................................................................................................. 47
Hard Disk S.M.A.R.T ............................................................................................................................................... 59
2

Encrypted File System ............................................................................................................................................ 60
iSCSI......................................................................................................................................................................... 63
Virtual Disk ............................................................................................................................................................. 78
Security ....................................................................................................................................................................... 79
Hardware .................................................................................................................................................................... 81
Power .......................................................................................................................................................................... 84
Notification ................................................................................................................................................................. 86
Firmware Update........................................................................................................................................................ 88
Backup/Restore .......................................................................................................................................................... 90
External Device ........................................................................................................................................................... 92
External Storage ..................................................................................................................................................... 93
USB Printer ............................................................................................................................................................. 96
UPS ........................................................................................................................................................................ 103
System Status ........................................................................................................................................................... 106
System Logs .............................................................................................................................................................. 108
Privilege Settings .......................................................................................................................................................... 110
Users ......................................................................................................................................................................... 111
User Groups .............................................................................................................................................................. 115
Shared Folders .......................................................................................................................................................... 117
Quota ........................................................................................................................................................................ 126
Domain Security ....................................................................................................................................................... 127
Joining NAS to Active Directory (Windows Server 2003/2008/2012) ................................................................ 128
Connecting NAS to an LDAP Directory ................................................................................................................. 131
Network & File Services ............................................................................................................................................... 134
Network & Virtual Switch ........................................................................................................................................ 135
Win/Mac/NFS ........................................................................................................................................................... 145
FTP............................................................................................................................................................................. 149
Telnet/SSH ................................................................................................................................................................ 151
SNMP ........................................................................................................................................................................ 152
3

Service Discovery ...................................................................................................................................................... 154
Network Recycle Bin ................................................................................................................................................ 155
Applications .................................................................................................................................................................. 156
iTunes Server ............................................................................................................................................................ 157
DLNA Media Server .................................................................................................................................................. 158
Multimedia Management ........................................................................................................................................ 160
Web Server ............................................................................................................................................................... 164
Virtual Host .................................................................................................................................................... 167
LDAP Server .............................................................................................................................................................. 169
QVPN Service ............................................................................................................................................................ 171
Qsync Central Station ............................................................................................................................................... 181
SQL Server ................................................................................................................................................................. 192
Syslog Server............................................................................................................................................................. 194
Antivirus.................................................................................................................................................................... 197
RADIUS Server .......................................................................................................................................................... 201
TFTP Server ............................................................................................................................................................... 203
QNAP Applications ....................................................................................................................................................... 204
Backup Station.......................................................................................................................................................... 205
Backup Server ....................................................................................................................................................... 206
Remote Replication .............................................................................................................................................. 210
Cloud Backup ........................................................................................................................................................ 217
External Backup .................................................................................................................................................... 218
myQNAPcloud Service.............................................................................................................................................. 224
File Station ................................................................................................................................................................ 232
Video Station ............................................................................................................................................................ 246
Photo Station ............................................................................................................................................................ 255
Music Station ............................................................................................................................................................ 269
Download Station ..................................................................................................................................................... 276
HybridDesk Station................................................................................................................................................... 284
4

App Center ................................................................................................................................................................ 287
Mobile Apps.................................................................................................................................................................. 290
Computer Utilities ........................................................................................................................................................ 295
NAS Add-ons ................................................................................................................................................................. 297
Use the LCD Panel......................................................................................................................................................... 303
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE .................................................................................................................................... 308

5

Notice
 Legal Notice and Disclaimer
 Regulatory Notice
 Document Annotation
 Safety Information and Precautions

6

Legal Notice and Disclaimer
Thank you for choosing QNAP products! This user manual provides detailed instructions of using
the Turbo NAS (network-attached storage). Please read carefully and start to enjoy the powerful
functions of the Turbo NAS!
 The Turbo NAS is hereafter referred to as the NAS.
 This manual provides the description of all the functions of the NAS. The product you
purchased may not support certain functions dedicated to specific models.
Legal Notices
All the features, functionality, and other product specifications are subject to change without
prior notice or obligation. Information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
QNAP and the QNAP logo are trademarks of QNAP Systems, Inc. All other brands and product
names referred to are trademarks of their respective holders.
Further, the ® or ™ symbols are not used in the text.
Disclaimer
Information in this document is provided in connection with QNAP products. No license, express
or implied, by estoppels or otherwise, to any intellectual property rights is granted by this
document. Except as provided in QNAP's terms and conditions of sale for such products, QNAP
Assumes no liability whatsoever, and QNAP disclaims any express or implied warranty, relating
to sale and/or use of QNAP products including liability or warranties relating to fitness for a
particular purpose, merchantability, or infringement of any patent, copyright or other
intellectual property right.
QNAP products are not intended for use in medical, life saving, life sustaining, critical control or
safety systems, or in nuclear facility applications.
In no event shall QNAP Systems, Inc. (QNAP) liability exceed the price paid for the product from
direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages resulting from the use of the
product, its accompanying software, or its documentation. QNAP makes no warranty or
representation, expressed, implied, or statutory, with respect to its products or the contents or
use of this documentation and all accompanying software, and specifically disclaims its quality,
performance, merchantability, or fitness for any particular purpose. QNAP reserves the right to
revise or update its products, software, or documentation without obligation to notify any
individual or entity.

7

Back up the system periodically to avoid any potential data loss. QNAP disclaims any
responsibility of all sorts of data loss or recovery.
Should you return any components of the NAS package for refund or maintenance, make sure
they are carefully packed for shipping. Any form of damages due to improper packaging will not
be compensated.
QNAP, QNAP logo, QTS, myQNAPcloud and VioStor are trademarks or registered trademarks of
QNAP Systems, Inc. or its subsidiaries. Other names and brands may be claimed as the property
of others.

8

Regulatory Notice
FCC Notice
QNAP NAS comply with different FCC compliance classes. Please refer the Appendix for details. Once the
class of the device is determined, refer to the following corresponding statement.

FCC Class A Notice
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy, and if
not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely
to cause harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the interference
at his own expense.
Modifications: Any modifications made to this device that are not approved by QNAP Systems,
Inc. may void the authority granted to the user by the FCC to operate this equipment.
FCC Class B Notice
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with
the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning

9


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