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complete atlas of the world 3rd edition 2016 .pdf



Original filename: complete-atlas-of-the-world 3rd edition 2016.pdf
Title: Complete Atlas of the World
Author: DK

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COMPLETE

ATLAS

OF
THE

WORLD

COMPLETE

ATLAS

OF
THE

WORLD

FOR THE THIRD EDITION
Senior Cartographic Editor Simon Mumford
Cartographers Encompass Graphics Ltd, UK
Producer, Pre-Production Luca Frassinetti Producer Vivienne Yong
Jacket Design Development Manager Sophia MTT
Publishing Director Jonathan Metcalf Associate Publishing Director Liz Wheeler Art Director Karen Self
FOR PREVIOUS EDITIONS
Cartographic Editors
Tony Chambers, John Dear, Ruth Hall, Andrew Johnson, Belinda Kane, Lynn Neal, Ann Stephenson
Cartographers
Paul Eames, Edward Merritt, John Plumer, Rob Stokes, Iorwerth Watkins
Digital Map Suppliers
Advanced Illustration, Congleton, UK • Cosmographics, Watford, UK
Encompass Graphics, Brighton, UK • Lovell Johns Ltd., Long Hanborough, UK
Netmaps, Barcelona, Spain
Digital Terrain Data
Digital terrain data and continental panoramic images created by Planetary Visions Ltd, Farnham, UK
Editor
Robert Dinwiddie
Designers
Nicola Liddiard, Yak El-Droubie
Picture Research
Louise Thomas, Jenny Baskaya
Indexing and Database
T-Kartor, Sweden
Francesca Albini, Eleanor Arkwright, Renata Dyntarova, Edward Heelas, Britta Hansesgaard
Systems Coordinator
Philip Rowles
Flags courtesy of The Flag Institue, Cheshire, UK

First American Edition, 2007
This revised edition 2016
Published in the United States by DK Publishing, 345 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014
16 17 18 19 20 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
265177–May 2016
Reprinted with revisions 2009, Second edition 2012, Third edition 2016
Copyright © 2007, 2009, 2012, 2016 Dorling Kindersley Limited. All rights reserved.
Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced
into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form, or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording,
or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book.
Published in Great Britain by Dorling Kindersley Limited. A Penguin Random House company.
A catalog record for this book is available from the Library of Congress.
ISBN: 978-1-4654-4401-1
DK books are available at special discounts when purchased in bulk for sales promotions, premiums, fund-raising, or educational use.
For details, contact: DK Publishing Special Markets, 345 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014 or SpecialSales@dk.com
Printed and bound in Hong Kong.

A WORLD OF IDEAS:
SEE ALL THERE IS TO KNOW

www.dk.com

Introduction
The World at the beginning of the 21st Century would be a place of unimaginable change to our
forefathers. Since 1900 the human population has undergone a fourfold growth coupled with an
unparalleled development in the technology at our disposal. The last vestiges of the unknown
World are gone, and previously hostile realms claimed for habitation. The advent of aviation
technology and the growth of mass tourism have allowed people to travel further and more
frequently than ever before.

Allied to this, the rapid growth of global communication systems mean that World events have
become more accessible than ever before and their knock on effects quickly ripple across the
whole planet. News broadcasts bring the far-flung corners of the world into everyone’s lives,
and with it, a view of the people and places that make up that region. The mysteries of the
World that once fueled global exploration and the quest to discover the unknown are behind us;
we inhabit a world of mass transportation, a world where even the most extreme regions have
been mapped, a world with multi faceted view points on every event, a World of
communication overload.

However, does this help us make sense of the World? It is increasingly important for us to have a
clear vision of the World in which we live and such a deluge of information can leave us
struggling to find some context and meaning. It has never been more important to own an atlas;
the DK Complete Atlas of the World has been conceived to meet this need. At its core, like all
atlases, it seeks to define where places are, to describe their main characteristics, and to locate
them in relation to other places. By gathering a spectacular collection of satellite imagery and
draping it with carefully selected and up-to-date geographic information, this atlas filters the
World’s data into clear, meaningful and user-friendly maps.

The World works on different levels and so does the DK Complete Atlas of the World. Readers
can learn about global issues of many kinds or they can probe in a little further for the
continental context. Delving even further they can explore at regional, national or even subnational level. The very best available satellite data has been used to create topography and
bathymetry that reveal the breathtaking texture of landscapes and sea-floors. These bring out
the context of the places and features selected to appear on top of them.
This third edition of the DK Complete Atlas of the World incorporates hundreds of revisions and
updates affecting every map and every page, distilling the burgeoning mass of information
available through modern technology into an extraordinarily detailed and reliable view
of our World.

Contents
The atlas is organized by continent,
moving eastward from the International
Date Line. The opening section describes
the world’s structure, systems and its
main features. The Atlas of the World
which follows, is a continent-by-continent
guide to today’s world, starting with a
comprehensive insight into the physical,
political, and economic structure of each
continent, followed by detailed maps of
carefully selected geopolitical regions.

WORLD

NORTH
AMERICA
North America ..................................................... 42–43

Africa .........................................................................120–121

North America Political ................................ 44–45

Africa Political.................................................... 122–123

North America Physical ................................. 46–47

Africa Physical .................................................... 124–125

North America satellite image ................. 48–49

Africa satellite image .................................... 126–127

Canada ........................................................................50–51

Northeast Africa ............................................. 128–129

Northern Canada ................................................ 52–53

Northwest Africa .............................................. 130–131

Western Canada ..................................................54–55

West Africa including Cape Verde ........132–133

Southwest Canada ............................................ 56–57

Central Africa ..................................................... 134–135

Eastern Canada .................................................... 58–59

East Africa ............................................................. 136–137

United States of America.............................. 60–61

Southern Africa including
Madagascar and Comoros .........................138–139

US: NE States & Southeast Canada ........62–63

The Solar System .......................................... 8–9

AFRICA

US: Boston to Washington DC.................. 64–65

South Africa ........................................................ 140–141
Africa City Plans ............................................... 142–143

US: Eastern States ............................................. 66–67

The Physical World ...................................10–11
Structure of the Earth .......................... 12–13
Shaping the Landscape ........................ 14–15
The World’s Oceans ................................16–17
The Global Climate................................. 18–19

US: Southeast States ....................................... 68–69
US: Texas .................................................................... 70–71
US: Great Lakes States .................................... 72–73
US: Great Plains States .................................... 74–75
US: Northwest States ...................................... 76–77
US: Southwest States .......................................78–79
US: California ......................................................... 80–81
US: Alaska & Hawaii ...........................................82–83

Life on Earth ................................................. 20–21
Man’s Impact on
the Environment ...................................... 22–23
Population & Settlement ................. 24–25

Northern Mexico ............................................... 84–85
Southern Mexico ............................................... 86–87

Europe .................................................................... 144–145
Europe Political ................................................ 146–147
Europe Physical ................................................ 148–149
Europe satellite image .................................. 150–151
Scandinavia, Finland & Iceland ............... 152–153
Southern Scandinavia .................................. 154–155

Central America ..................................................88–89

United Kingdom & Ireland ........................ 156–157

The Caribbean ...................................................... 90–91

Northern Britain & Ireland ....................... 158–159

North American City Plans .......................... 92–93

Southern Britain ............................................... 160–161

Languages & Religion ........................... 26–27
World Health ............................................. 28–29

EUROPE

The Low Countries ......................................... 162–163

SOUTH
AMERICA

Water Resources ....................................... 30–31

France ..................................................................... 164–165
Northern France .............................................. 166–167
Southern France & the Pyrenees ......... 168–169
The Iberian Peninsula .................................... 170–171

South America ..................................................... 94–95

Southern Iberia ................................................. 172–173

South America Political ................................. 96–97

Global Communication...................... 34–35

The Italian Peninsula...................................... 174–175

South America Physical ................................. 98–99

The Alpine States & Northern Italy ... 176–177

The Political World ................................ 36–37

South America satellite image ................100–101

Germany ............................................................... 178–179

Northern South America ...........................102–103

Rhineland & Hamburg .................................. 180–181

Western South America
including Galapagos ...................................... 104–105

Central Europe ..................................................182–183

Amazon Basin .................................................... 106–107

Greece .................................................................... 186–187

Eastern Brazil .................................................... 108–109

Romania, Moldova & Ukraine ................ 188–189

Southeast Brazil .................................................. 110–111

The Baltic States & Belarus ....................... 190–191

Central South America .................................. 112–113

Russian Federation .......................................... 192–193

River Plate ...............................................................114–115

Northern European Russia ....................... 194–195

Southern Argentina & Chile ...................... 116–117

Southern European Russia ........................ 196–197

Central Chile and Argentina ............................... 118

The Mediterranean ........................................ 198–199

South America City Plans .................................... 119

European City Plans .................................... 200–203

The Economic System .......................... 32–33

States, Borders,
Conflicts & Disputes

.......................... 38–39

Standard Time Zones ................................... 40

Southeast Europe ........................................... 184–185

Australasia & Oceania
satellite image .................................................. 272–273

Western China ................................................ 238–239
Southeast China .............................................. 240–241

ASIA

Australia ............................................................... 274–275

Yangtze River Valley .....................................242–243

Southeast Australia ...................................... 276–277

Yellow River Valley ....................................... 244–245

New Zealand .....................................................278–279

Northeast China ............................................. 246–247
Asia ......................................................................... 204–205
Asia Political ..................................................... 206–207
Asia Physical ..................................................... 208–209
Asia satellite image ..........................................210–211
Southwest Asia .................................................. 212–213
Turkey & the Caucasus ................................. 214–215
The Near East .....................................................216–217
Israel & Lebanon ............................................. 218–219
The Arabian Peninsula ................................ 220–221
Iran........................................................................... 222–223

Papua New Guinea & Melanesia .......... 280–281

Korea & Japan .................................................. 248–249

Micronesia .......................................................... 282–283

Southern Japan .................................................250–251

Polynesia ............................................................. 284–285

Northern Japan ............................................... 252–253

Pacific Ocean ................................................... 286–287

Southeast Asia ................................................. 254–255

Indian Ocean.................................................... 288–289

Mainland Southeast Asia ..........................256–257

Atlantic Ocean ................................................ 290–291

Western Maritime Southeast Asia .... 258–259

Antarctica ........................................................... 292–293

Eastern Maritime Southeast Asia ....... 260–261

The Arctic .......................................................... 294–295

Philippines .......................................................... 262–263
Asian City Plans.............................................. 264–265

INDEX &
GAZETTEER

Central & South Asia ................................... 224–225

AUSTRALASIA
& OCEANIA

Kazakhstan .........................................................226–227
Central Asia ...................................................... 228–229
Afghanistan & Pakistan ............................... 230–231

Geographical Comparisons.................... 296–297

Northern India, Nepal
& Bangladesh .................................................... 232–233

Countries of the World ............................ 298–304
Australasia & Oceania ................................ 266–267

Geographical Names ............................................. 305

Southern India & Sri Lanka ...................... 234–235

Australasia & Oceania Political ............ 268–269

Index ...................................................................... 306–432

East Asia ............................................................... 236–237

Australasia & Oceania Physical ..............270–271

Credits/Acknowledgements ............................. 432

Key to regional maps
Physical features
elevation
6000m / 19,686ft

Drainage features
main river

motorway / highway

secondary river

motorway / highway
(under construction)

tertiary river

4000m / 13,124ft

minor river

3000m / 9843ft

main seasonal river

2000m / 6562ft

secondary seasonal river

1000m / 3281ft

canal

500m / 1640ft

waterfall

250m / 820ft

rapids

100m / 328ft

dam

sea level

perennial lake

below sea level

seasonal lake

elevation above sea level
(mountain height)

perennial salt lake
seasonal salt lake

volcano

reservoir

pass

salt flat / salt pan

elevation below sea level
(depression depth)

marsh / salt marsh
mangrove

sand desert
lava flow
coastline
reef
atoll

Communications

wadi
spring / well / waterhole / oasis

Ice features
ice cap / sheet
ice shelf

major road
minor road
tunnel (road)
main railroad

Settlements

Physical features (continued)

built up area

sea features

INDIAN
OCEAN

more than 5 million
1 million to 5 million
undersea features

50,000 to 100,000

Regions

10,000 to 50,000

country

ARMENIA

fewer than 10,000

dependent territory
with parent state

NIUE (to NZ)

autonomous /
federal region

MINAS GERAIS

tunnel (railroad)

country/dependent territory
capital city

Borders

autonomous / federal
region / other 1st order internal
administrative center

full international
border
undefined
international border

other 1st order internal
administrative
region

2nd order internal
administrative center

sea level

summer pack ice limit
winter pack ice limit

-250m / -820ft
-2000m / -6562ft
-4000m / -13,124ft

2nd order internal
administrative
region

Vaucluse

disputed territorial
claim border

Typographic key

cultural region

New England

Physical features

Settlements

landscape features

capital city

BEIJING

ANDES

dependent territory
capital city

FORT-DE-FRANCE

headland

Nordkapp

other settlements

Chicago

elevation /
volcano / pass

Mount Meru
4556 m

drainage features

Lake Geneva

indication of country
extent (Pacific only)
indication of
dependent territory
extent (Pacific only)

Namib Desert

Massif Central
demarcation/
cease fire line
autonomous /
federal region border
other 1st order internal
administrative border
2nd order internal
administrative border

Graticule features
lines of latitude and
longitude / Equator

Miscellaneous features
ancient wall

seamount / guyot symbol
undersea spot depth

Tropics / Polar circles
degrees of longitude /
latitude

MINSKAYA
VOBLASTS’

disputed de facto
border

glacier / snowfield

sea depth

Barracuda Fracture Zone

100,000 to 500,000

minor railroad

international airport

Andaman Sea

settlement population symbols

500,000 to 1 million

Golfe de Lion

site of interest
scientific station

Adana
Tizi Ozou
Yonezawa
Farnham

rivers / canals
spring / well /
waterhole / oasis /
waterfall /
rapids / dam

Mekong

sites of interest /
miscellaneous

Valley of the Kings

ice features

Vatnajökull

Tropics /
Polar circles

Antarctic Circle

Miscellaneous


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