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GERD Final .pdf



Original filename: GERD Final.pdf
Title: Project Overview
Author: Ahmed Sharif

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Gastroesophageal reflux Disease

Dr Indrajit Kumar Datta
FCPS(Medicine),MD(Gastroenterology)
Assistant Professor
Dept. of GHPD
BIRDEM General Hospital and IMC.

GERD
One of the most prevalent diseases of GIT.
 Affects more than one-third of population.
 Associated with considerable morbidity
and complications.
 Significantly impairs quality of life


GERD
Greatly affects health care.
 Most costly GI disease in United States.


Gastro Esophageal Reflux (GER)
Escape of Gastric content into Esophagus
 Normal Physiological Process
 Multiple time each day without symptoms
or mucosal damage.
 More after meals


Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease
(GERD)
Definition: Defined as a condition which
develops when the reflux of stomach
contents causes troublesome symptoms
and / or complications.
 Symptoms are troublesome when they
adversely affect an individual’s well being.


GERD: Prevalence


Population study.
– Western Europe:

10-20%

– North America:

10-20%

– South America:

10%

– Turkey:

11.9%

GERD: Prevalence
 Study

on 2200 cases.

– Heart burn
– Regurgitation
– Atleast weekly symptoms
– Duration of symptoms
– Doctors consultation

42%
45%
20%
5 Yrs
5.4%

GERD: Prevalence


In ethnic groups:
– Similar in
• African Americans
• Hispanics
• Asian
• White
– Oesophagitis
• African Americans
• White

23 – 27%

24%
50%

GERD: Prevalence


Singapore Study
– Relatively low among African and
Asians.
– Reflux Symptoms
• In Indians
7.5%
• In Chinese
0.8%
• In Malays
3%


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