Internal Thermosense In Vertebrates .pdf

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Original filename: Internal Thermosense In Vertebrates.pdf
Title: Internal Thermosense In Vertebrates
Author: HexRei

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Internal Thermosense

Internal Thermoreceptors
• Rapidly adapting nerves
• Warm: unmyelinated C-fibers
• Cold: C-fibers/A-fibers (thinly myelinated, faster conduction)
• Locations:
• Anterior Hypothalamus
• Spinal Cord
• Abdominal Viscera
• Great Veins

Internal Thermoreceptors
• Anterior Hypothalamus
• Predominantly found in Pre-Optic Area
• Posterior Nuclei of Hypothalamus
receives projections from the POA
• Predominantly warm-sensitive, in
opposition to external thermoreceptors
• “Anterior senses, posterior acts”
• Thought to integrate information about
local brain temperature and other body
temperatures and to control the level of
output for thermoregulatory responses
based on cues

Internal Thermoreceptors

Thermal sensitivity range of transient receptor potential ion channels in

Internal Thermoreceptors
• TRPs wear many hats
• Some function to sense pain,
cold/warm, hearing, etc

Internal Thermoreceptors
• Spinal Cord, Abdominal
Viscera and Great Vein
• Warm sensitive
• Cold sensitive
• Greater concentration of coldsensitive neurons, similar to
external thermoreceptors

• Great Veins

• Abdominal Viscera
• Great veins of the

Vena cavas

• Abdominal Viscera
• Warm-sensitive
• Cold-sensitive
• Stimuli
• Cold--- gut muscle
• Warm– gut muscle

The Hypothalamus
Projections from hypothalamic POA
thermosensitive neurons:
• Posterior Nucleus of hypothalamus
• Paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of
hypothalamus - also dorsomedial
nucleus (DMN) and ventromedial
nucleus (VMN)
• Ventrolateral periaqueductal grey
(VL-PAG) area
• Medullary raphe

The Hypothalamus

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