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Types of Illustration.pdf

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Metal Etching
Steel, copper or zinc is mantled with acid resistant wax which is etched through needle in
areas where the illustrator wants shape to surface in the bare, finished metal. Acid bath of
metal leads to sinking of artistic lines in the exposed plate. After cleaning the plate, inking is
done freshly and then metallic surface is wiped off allowing the ink to settle on the etchings.
A printing press subjects the plate to intense pressure along with paper sheet wherein the
ink and texture are imprinted on the sheet. Different metal etching techniques when used
with proper ideas can pave way for different appearances with subtle lines, hatchings,
water-colouring etc.

Pencil illustration
Using richness of charcoal, sharp lining or soft shadows can be created with accuracy. There
are three ways to refine the image i.e. monochrome in which lines are clean and richly
weighted, coloured wherein soft and smooth shades are drawn, and rough for introducing
dynamism in illustration.