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Cyber Security Issue Part B .pdf



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Essay writing | Online Assignment help | Homework help service

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Cyber Security Issue- Part B

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International Cooperation in combating with cyber crime
In existing period of time, cyber crime has become one of major threats in front of the
government of different country. The Increasing severity of cyber crime has attracted the
significant attention of international community. As the nature and landscape of cyber crimes has
become quite changed in recent period of time as cyber crimes have become more organized.
Moreover the span of such kind of crimes has also become quite expanded at global level. Owing
to this reason, there is a need of an intensive cooperation of the entire international society.
In direction to have some significant and effective combat with cyber crime at
international level, international society is making some crucial and integrated efforts. In the
same series, International Criminal Police Organization – INTERPOL has started some crucial
efforts of combining strategies of different countries against cyber crime so that an effective and
universal problem can be found out. Among such efforts of INTERPOL, establishment of
INTERPOL Global Complex for Innovation (IGCI) in Singapore in 2014 is one of the most
mentionable efforts. The IGCI will work as the center of excellence for addressing different and
critical cyber crime across the globe. This complex will be directed to create an alliance with
internet security specialists from different nations and develop an international model for
ensuring the prevention of cyber crimes at international level. Moreover, administration of global
law and its enforcement is also one of the major responsibilities of this international complex1 .

1

John E Dunn. Interpol should lead global cybercrime fight, says director. (Apr 2013)
<http://news.techworld.com/security/3438714/interpol-should-lead-global-cybercrime-fight-saysdirector/>

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Unlike other types of crimes, prevention of cyber crimes requires an intensive amount of
technical efficiency and expertise, highly developed and updated infrastructure, and integration
of the strengths of different nations. From the perspective of international security, it is quite
essential to have better and effective exchange of information and technologies among different
nations. In such scenario, an intensive cooperation among countries at international level
becomes quite essential. Along with such reason, the international cooperation is also required to
have better and effective enforcement of law, prioritization of resources and buildings crosssectorial and cross-jurisdictional collaboration2 .
Another crucial example of international cooperation for fighting against cyber crime can
be seen in the operational partnerships developed by the United States and the European Union
for developing an informal but effective model for cyber security. For the purpose of fighting
against cyber crime, in 2001, the Council of Europe has proposed a treaty, which is known as the
Budapest Convention on Cybercrime. This convention was ratified by the US and other 30
different nations later. The prime highlight of this treaty is that it prepares a unified legal
framework on which crucial information can be shared among member countries of the treaty so
that different types of critical cyber crimes such as network or computer breaches, copyright
infringement, Cyber spying, Hacking of data, and child pornography can be prevented in the
most effective manner. Since, the USA and European Union can be considered as major powers

2

Imran Awan, and Brian Blakemore. Policing Cyber Hate Cyber Threats and Cyber Terrorism (Ashgate
Publishing, Ltd., 2012).

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in the context of information technologies across the world, this cooperation can be proved quite
effective and crucial for prevention of organized cyber crime at international level3 .
Another crucial example of international cooperation for preventing cyber crimes is the
strategic partnership between the US and China. In the year, 2012, defense ministers of both the
nations become agreed on enhancing mutual coordination in the context of technical expertise so
that an effective framework for preventing cyber attacks and crimes related to national security
can be minimized in the most effective manner. As the US and China is the prime locations for
cyber criminals, this partnership may be prove quite potential from the perspective of
international cyber crime prevention. However, this partnership came after the political tension
between both the country regarding cyber attack and spying4 .
In addition to this, the NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) has also undertaken
some of the critical steps for the purpose of ensuring cyber security across the globe. In the same
series, there are some countries, namely Bulgaria, Estonia, Poland, Slovakia, Turkey, the United
Kingdom, and the United States which has signed agreement with NATO to have international
cooperation for fighting against cyber crime. Among such efforts, the NATAO has strengthened
the powers and responsibilities of Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence. This center
is serving as a hub for different countries across the globe to integrate and apply their strengths
for controlling cyber crime in the most effective manner. Different European and Latin American

3

Richard Schaffer, Filiberto Agusti, and Beverley Earle. International Business Law and Its Environment
South-Western legal studies in business (Cengage Learning, 2008).
4

Cyber Espionage: The Chinese Threat (2010). CNBC < http://www.cnbc.com/id/47962225>

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6

countries such as Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania Spain, and the Netherlands are the
active partners of this center, which work together for improving cyber defense interoperability
among them5 .
Although, there are some crucial examples available regarding international integration of
different countries for preventing cyber crimes, yet still such efforts are not quite enough. As the
span of the international cyber crime is too broad for such types of cooperation. There is a need
of having integrated and combined efforts from different communities across the world. In
existing period of time, although different countries and groups across the globe are making
alliances for fighting with such crimes, yet there is a lack proper organization and integration of
such efforts at international level. Moreover, it has also been evident that only developed
countries, which are more exposed towards the threat of cyber crime, are interested in such type
of integration of power and expertise. There is a lack of participation of developing and under
developed nation in such type of crucial international integration. This scenario can be proved
quite harmful in preparing a unified protection shield at international level against cyber threats.
In direction to this, the role of international organizations such as the United Nations,
International court or the WTO becomes quite vital in pursuing member countries including
developing and developed to integrate their strengths towards prevention of cyber security
crime6 .

5

NATO opens new centre of excellence on cyber defence. (May 2008). NATO <
http://www.nato.int/docu/update/2008/05-may/e0514a.html >
6

Imran Awan, and Brian Blakemore. Policing Cyber Hate Cyber Threats and Cyber Terrorism (Ashgate
Publishing, Ltd., 2012).

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Australia | Singapore

7

In addition to this, another critical problem faced by international players in maintaining
effective coordination towards cyber crime prevention is related with unclear and confusing role
of government in preventing such types of serious threats. In existing period of time, there is no
any clear rule defined in any of the law that can be able to define the role and responsibilities of
government of a country in the prevention of cyber crime. As per one view, internet can be taken
as private sector innovation on which there is no role of the government, while as per the other
view since the crimes committed on the internet are presenting some serious threat to the
national security, the intervention of the government becomes quite essential. Along with this,
cyber security sometime judged as job of the military while, sometime its nature advocates its
civil domain. This confusing role of the government has made the international integration of
different countries over preparing an effective and strategic partnership over prevention of cyber
crime7 .
On the basis of the analysis of the findings of the essay, it can be revealed that there are
some of the critical threats related with cyber security at global level. In direction to this, there is
a need of having some intensive amount of international cooperation. In this context,
international society has undertaken some integrated steps which can be proved quite effective in
making the international arena free from cyber crimes. Although, there are some critical issues in
maintaining an effective environment for international security against cyber crime, yet different

7

Bernadette Hlubik Schell. The Internet and Society: A Reference Handbook. (ABC-CLIO, 2007).

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Australia | Singapore

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efforts of international society for maintaining international cooperation can be proved quite
effective from the long term perspective.

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Australia | Singapore

9

Government Control over Internet Content
In existing period of time Internet has been emerged as one of the major ways of
information exchange. Internet based applications have started to be used as the major means of
information creation, manipulation, up-gradation, transfer and dissemination among people.
Although there are a number of different security related threats such as distortion of the
information and hacking of important and confidential information, yet because of intensive
benefits of internet, usage of internet for information exchange has become quite popular.
However, because of different issues there is a need of keep control over contents published on
the internet so that maximum advantages of internet can be availed8 .
In recent period of time, a number of different cases related with information leakage
from the internet have come into lime light, which has highlighted the requirement of scrutiny of
information and content available on internet. In direction to this, for the government of a nation,
it is quite essential to have some crucial guidelines for deciding the viability of the content
available on the internet so that misuse and misinterpretation of information cannot be possible.
As per the local law, the government of a particular country can ban any objectionable material
published on the internet, which can be proved harmful for financial, social, cultural or political
sovereignty of that country. As at international standards there no any specific guidelines or law

8

Jeremy Malcolm. Consumers in the Information Society: Access, Fairness and Representation
(Consumers International 2007).

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