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16 ways to save water in apartments pdf 1 .pdf

Original filename: 16 ways to save water in apartments pdf 1.pdf
Author: Goutam Surana

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16 Ways to Save Water in Apartments
Water cost contributes largely to maintenance cost of apartment. When we use less water; we
recycle it less and reduce pumping cost as well. Thus we save money. Below listed are ways to
save water in apartments.

Fix the leaks: Fixing leaky faucets can mean big water savings for buildings. Do you
know water leak of one drop per second wastes more than 10,000 liters of water a year?
Residents of apartment should be rewarded for reporting leak. Regular checks in flat need
to be made to ensure all leaky faucets are repaired.


Understand your water usage: Measurement is the first step that leads to control and
eventually to improvement. If you can’t measure something, you can’t understand it. If you
can’t understand it, you can’t control it. If you can’t control it, you can’t improve it.” Install
water meter to know who is using how much water. Many apartments do not have
individual water meters, but with advancement in technology now retrofitting existing
apartments with advance water meter is also possible.


Share water statistics & make collective Efforts: On a periodic basis share total water
usage statistics with residents and set collective targets to reduce the same. It cannot be
individual goal; only teamwork could help achieve the targets. These statistics can be
shared on apartment notice board and by emails and during association meetings.


Retrofit existing taps of washbasin & sinks into water efficient taps by using water
saving devices like 'Eco365days Aerator'. These aerators are easy to install and gives
very quick payback. We can achieve up to 80% reduction in water wastage with the help
of these devices. Water Efficient taps is a proven concept used in green buildings from
long. Many countries gives rebate when you install water saving device at home. They
devices pay for themselves why saving water, which has a cost. Buy water saving devices


Install water efficient/saving showers to conserve water on bathing. A regular shower
dispenses 15 to 20 litres water per minute. Eco365days shower uses up to 60% less
water, but gives same efficiency. You waste less water; you recycle less water and save
money. Existing showers can also be converted in to water efficient showers by installing


Use low flow flushing or water efficient flushing system: around 27% of water in
building is used to flush toilets. A old flushing system uses more than 12 litters water in
each flush, whereas Water Efficient flushing system uses 4-6 liters water in full flush. Few
flushing systems can also be retrofitted to reduce water flushing. Installing tank bank
inside flush tank results in water saving. Make an attempt to use recycled water from STP
for toilet flushing, many new apartments already practice this.


Adopt rainwater harvesting: Do not let water run to city drain lines. Let the soil absorb
water. Bore well recharge are must for large facility. It is now mandate to do rain water
harvesting in apartments in many states of India. An efficient RWH system reduces total
water cost by up to 30% annually. Many apartment saves even more than this by storing
& using rainwater. Practice to store rainwater in sump or tank. Remember Rainwater is
Free and is better in quality when compared to corporation water.


Installing Individual Water Meters: Most apartments either charges a flat fee or a fee
based upon apartment area. This means that some residents pay for others’ usage as
well. Conflict amongst residents over water usage/bill is very common were water meters

are not installed. Residents also make conscious effort to reduce water usage when they
know their monthly water usage. With new technologies real time monitoring of water
usage is also possible. Learn more

Recycle Wastewater: With advancement in technology now many cost effective solutions
are available to recycle wastewater. Grey water recycling is one good option to adopt.
STP in large apartments is now mandating. Recycled water can be used for toilet flushing,
gardening and driveways & sidewalks washing.

10. Appeal Residents to Minimize water usage: One way to cut down on water use is to
turn off the shower after soaping up, then turn it back on to rinse. Do you know a tenminute shower uses approximately 150 to 200 Liters of water? Take shorter shower or
use bucket. Bucket bath needs 20 liters water only. You can also have an option of buying
low flow showers. Such kind of request can be made periodically by management to
residents to reduce water wastage. Content related to ‘Ways to save water at kitchen,
laundry and bathroom use water saving tap adaptors, tap filters; change in attitude
towards water usage will result in long-term benefits for the apartment. It's a slow process
but cannot be ignored.

11. Water during the early parts of the day; avoid watering when it's windy: Early morning
is generally better than dusk since it helps prevent the growth of fungus. Early watering,
and late watering, also reduces water loss to evaporation. Watering early in the day is
also the best defense against slugs and other garden pests. Try not to water when it's
windy - wind can blow sprinklers off target and speed evaporation. Use drip irrigation
technology to reduce water wastage. Use recycled water for Gardening.

12. Use brooms more, not a hose, to clean driveways and sidewalks of apartment. Around
30% of fresh water in apartment is used to maintain lawns, driveways and sidewalks.
13. Reduce evaporation of water from Swimming pool: If your apartment has outdoors
swimming pool than evaporation rate will be very high. Make an attempt to cover the
swimming pool when not in use, say afternoon, when evaporation is high.
14. Don't run the hose while washing your car: Clean the car using a pail of soapy water.
Use the hose only for rinsing. You will consume 80% less water. Request resident to
practice water efficient ways to wash car.
15. Plant drought-resistant shrubs and plants or native plants: Many beautiful shrubs and
plants thrive with far less watering than other species. Replace herbaceous perennial
borders with native plants. Around 30% of fresh water in apartment is used to maintain

16. Conduct periodic knowledge sessions on Water facts, scarcity and conservation.
Continuous learning is required to bring awareness on water conservation. Make children
the messengers of water saving initiatives taken, identify green hero’s and reward them.
Go green events can be organized regularly.
Attempt to conserve water has to be continuous effort, all suggested water saving methods
needs to be practiced regularly and process needs to be set to measure the savings on
regular basis. It’s not a one-time initiative.
If you have more ideas to save water do share it, by commenting.

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