7 Passive+Voice .pdf
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passiv W us be and a past parti ipl .
passiv forms in th s
Th Gov rnme builds
Hundredsofhouses re built every r,
Pres nt simpl
Pr s nt ontinuous The uthorities te questio i g t vomen.
T-women re being questioned by the uthorities.
Pr s nt p rf
The poli e rrested o eprot ster'
e protesterw s rtested'
The will pl
the m t h o W dnesd evening.
Th m t h wiII be pl ed on Wednesd eve ing.
Noti how the obj t in th a tiv fotm (hu dredsof houses,two m ,Helen)
mov s to th front in th passiv S nt n and b om s th subj t.
Fo us on important information
(a tiv )
The Government built hundredsof housesl st e r.
(passiv ) Hundreds of houses werebuilt b the Go er me lt st ye r.
We h ve chosen Helen s the newpreside t.
Hele h s been hosen s the ew president,
In th a tiv s nt n mor mphasis is giv n to who did th a tion _ th
Gov rnm nt.
In th passiv s nt n mor mphasis is giv n to th thing aff t dby th
a tion _ th numb r of hous s.
mphasiz d information usually om s at the b ginning of th s nt n .
Using by and with
Spok n and writt n
h passiv is us d mor in writing and formal sp
Th p rson or organization that d s the a tion is all d ,th ag nt,.If w
Want to say who do s th a tion th n w use by.
Hundredsof houseswer built l st y r.
Hu dreds of houseswere built b the Governme t l st e r.
Iot of sto Swerethrown.
gry footb ll f s.
lot of ston Swer throw b
Th thing that is us d to p rform an a tion is all d ,th instrum nt'. If w
Want to in lud this w tls with.
The wi dows w rebroke with b seb ll b t.
S nt n swithout
It is not always n
ssaryto m ntion th ag nt. Th re ar s v ralr asons for
Br d ,smotorbikew s stolen l st night.
Agent not known:
If w kn w wh had stol n it, w would m ntion th name of th p rson.
But w don,t know and the ag nt is not m ntion d.
Ag nt obvious:
e protest rw s rrested'
ssaryto add th words .by th poli ,, b aus w know that it
It is not n
is always th poli who do this. Howev r, it is possibl to add th s words if
W Want to.
A lot of E glish gramm r books re sold every e r.
xa tly who s lls th books is not important. If it was important we ould
lse b and th nam s of th p opl o shops who s ll the books.
Verbs whi h have obj ts are all d transitiv v rbs ( xamplle:help),In this
s nt n ,,th old lady, is th obj t.
crossthe ro d'
A young m n helped the old l d
Verbs whi h do not hav obi
w Iks to oII g '
Di tionari s show this information with T or I. only transitiv v rbs an be
young m .
The old l dy w s help d crossthe ro d b
all d intransitiv v rbs ( xampl :
GRAi,|}tAR 16 PAssIv
Under|in phras swhi h are not ne
phrase is ne ssary.
ssaryin these sent n es.Sometimes v ry
wall t has b n stol n by som on .
W w r taught by a diff r nt t a h r y st rday.
Ni k Was op rat d on at th hospit l by a do tor.
Th meal was s rv dby a wait r in a r d oat.
W w r shown round th mus um by a guid .
Two l tt rs w r d liv red this morning by th postman.
Thr m n hav b n arr st dby th poli e.
Y st rdaya window was brok n by som on .
CompIet ea h senten
a) Th poli
with a passivev rb.
qu stion d G org .
by th poli
G org ,,.1.,|..
illions of p opl wat h this programm .
by millions of p opl .
This programm .........
) Th y will finish our n W hous at th
Our n w hous
d) Th y,v
t da n W p
nd of th month.
nd of th month.
A n w pr sid nt
building th damag d stadium.
Th damag d stadium
f) Th y,v
los d th mountain road.
Th mountain road
g) Studentswrit most of this magazin .
Most of this magazin ..............
by stud nts.
h) A burgla stol my laptop.
..'. b a burglar.
i) Som body will m
t you at th bus station.
at th bus station
j) Unit d won the up last y ar.
Last y ar th
....by Unit d.
Und rline the rrors in th se senten es.Rewrite ea h senten
any p t dogs are losing very y aI.
a Lv pet daqs re Last overY Y
b) Th injur d man Was b
n taken to hospital.
) A n w bridg is be built a toss th
d) All th food at th party Was at .
) Nothing will b ing d
ided b for n xt Saturday.
f) Th mat h is playing on Friday v ning.
h robber unlo k d th door by a fals k y.
h) This book was writing by Sam,s fath r.
For every question, omplete the se ond senten e so that it means the same as
the first, using no more than thr words.
a) Ar ha ologistshav dis ov r d a n W tomb in gypt.
A n w to rrb..h!!!.'.bpp*'.dll paY.e.r ....by ar ha ologistsin
b) Th Pr sid nt will op n th n w sports stadium on Saturday.
h n w sports stadium
.......by the Pr sid nt on
) Pi asso paint d this portrait.
d) Th y will announ
h r sults of th
h y,r r d
oratingour s hool during the summer holidays.
.......during th summ r holidays.
in New York hav arr st dthr
in N w Yo k.
ompany s lls mor than 1,000 ars v ry w ek.
h y,r building a n W mus um in th
A n w museum
omp tition tomorrow.
or than 1,000 a s
th r sults of th
our s hool
) Th poli
.......our ompany v ry we k.
ity entr .
.......in the ity
a h sent n e with a passiv v rb, and so that th
nam s of p op|
authoriti s hav
los d th
,..Ik.' .q,'. .w..'h
lubs hav postpon d th
) P opl all ov r th
authoriti s hav op n d th
) Som on
l ft this purs in th
n w swimming pool.
lassroom y st rday
oun il has bann d traffi
h) Som on brok
t d a n W gov rrrm nt.
flat last w