PDF Archive

Easily share your PDF documents with your contacts, on the Web and Social Networks.

Send a file File manager PDF Toolbox Search Help Contact



7 Passive+Voice .pdf



Original filename: 7 Passive+Voice.pdf

This PDF 1.3 document has been generated by Canon / Mac OS X 10.11.6 Quartz PDFContext, and has been sent on pdf-archive.com on 11/07/2017 at 23:21, from IP address 188.80.x.x. The current document download page has been viewed 43 times.
File size: 501 KB (5 pages).
Privacy: public file




Download original PDF file









Document preview


xpIanations
Passive:form

r

o mak

th

passiv W us be and a past parti ipl .

passiv forms in th s

ompar

th

Th Gov rnme builds
t
hundredsof houseseveryy
Hundredsofhouses re built every r,

Pres nt simpl
it.

and

a tiv

xampl s:

r.

Pr s nt ontinuous The uthorities te questio i g t vomen.
T-women re being questioned by the uthorities.
Pr s nt p rf

r

Past simpl

The poli e rrested o eprot ster'
e protesterw s rtested'

t

will

The will pl
the m t h o W dnesd evening.
Th m t h wiII be pl ed on Wednesd eve ing.

r

Noti how the obj t in th a tiv fotm (hu dredsof houses,two m ,Helen)
mov s to th front in th passiv S nt n and b om s th subj t.

r

Fo us on important information
Compar :
(a tiv )
The Government built hundredsof housesl st e r.
(passiv ) Hundreds of houses werebuilt b the Go er me lt st ye r.

r.
r!
Passive:use

t

We h ve chosen Helen s the newpreside t.
Hele h s been hosen s the ew president,

r

In th a tiv s nt n mor mphasis is giv n to who did th a tion _ th
Gov rnm nt.
In th passiv s nt n mor mphasis is giv n to th thing aff t dby th
a tion _ th numb r of hous s.
mphasiz d information usually om s at the b ginning of th s nt n .
r
Using by and with

Spok n and writt n
h passiv is us d mor in writing and formal sp

h.

r

Th p rson or organization that d s the a tion is all d ,th ag nt,.If w
Want to say who do s th a tion th n w use by.
Hundredsof houseswer built l st y r.
Hu dreds of houseswere built b the Governme t l st e r.
Iot of sto Swerethrown.
gry footb ll f s.
lot of ston Swer throw b

r

Th thing that is us d to p rform an a tion is all d ,th instrum nt'. If w
Want to in lud this w tls with.
The wi dows w rebroke with b seb ll b t.
6T

lN

R]vlEDlA

LANGUAG

S nt n swithout
an agent

Transitiveand
intransitiveverbs

62

PRAC l

It is not always n
this:

ssaryto m ntion th ag nt. Th re ar s v ralr asons for

r

Br d ,smotorbikew s stolen l st night.
Agent not known:
If w kn w wh had stol n it, w would m ntion th name of th p rson.
But w don,t know and the ag nt is not m ntion d.

r

Ag nt obvious:
e protest rw s rrested'
ssaryto add th words .by th poli ,, b aus w know that it
It is not n
is always th poli who do this. Howev r, it is possibl to add th s words if
W Want to.

r

A lot of E glish gramm r books re sold every e r.
Agent unimportant:
xa tly who s lls th books is not important. If it was important we ould
lse b and th nam s of th p opl o shops who s ll the books.

l

Verbs whi h have obj ts are all d transitiv v rbs ( xamplle:help),In this
s nt n ,,th old lady, is th obj t.
crossthe ro d'
A young m n helped the old l d

r

Verbs whi h do not hav obi
walk).
Di
w Iks to oII g '

r

Di tionari s show this information with T or I. only transitiv v rbs an be
mad passive.
young m .
The old l dy w s help d crossthe ro d b

ts ar

all d intransitiv v rbs ( xampl :

GRAi,|}tAR 16 PAssIv

Under|in phras swhi h are not ne
phrase is ne ssary.
)
b)
)
d)
)
f)
g)
h)

2

ssaryin these sent n es.Sometimes v ry

wall t has b n stol n by som on .
W w r taught by a diff r nt t a h r y st rday.
Ni k Was op rat d on at th hospit l by a do tor.
Th meal was s rv dby a wait r in a r d oat.
W w r shown round th mus um by a guid .
Two l tt rs w r d liv red this morning by th postman.
Thr m n hav b n arr st dby th poli e.
Y st rdaya window was brok n by som on .

CompIet ea h senten
a) Th poli

with a passivev rb.

qu stion d G org .

nrn..'......
by th poli
G org ,,.1.,|..
'/ fl?LhttJ..q
b)

1

.

illions of p opl wat h this programm .
by millions of p opl .

This programm .........
) Th y will finish our n W hous at th

....at th

Our n w hous
d) Th y,v

t da n W p

l

nd of th month.
nd of th month.

sid nt.

A n w pr sid nt
building th damag d stadium.

) They,r

Th damag d stadium
f) Th y,v

los d th mountain road.

Th mountain road
g) Studentswrit most of this magazin .
Most of this magazin ..............

.........
by stud nts.

h) A burgla stol my laptop.
..'. b a burglar.

y laptop
i) Som body will m

t you at th bus station.

You ............

at th bus station

j) Unit d won the up last y ar.
Last y ar th

up

....by Unit d.

63

lN ER1YlEDlA

ilr

l

LANGUAGE

3

PRA

l E

Und rline the rrors in th se senten es.Rewrite ea h senten
a)

any p t dogs are losing very y aI.

a Lv pet daqs re Last overY Y

b) Th injur d man Was b

r.

n taken to hospital.

) A n w bridg is be built a toss th

tfl
ti

.

iv r.

d) All th food at th party Was at .

lt

) Nothing will b ing d

tt

ided b for n xt Saturday.

f) Th mat h is playing on Friday v ning.
g)

[fl

h robber unlo k d th door by a fals k y.

h) This book was writing by Sam,s fath r.

4

II

For every question, omplete the se ond senten e so that it means the same as
the first, using no more than thr words.
a) Ar ha ologistshav dis ov r d a n W tomb in gypt.
A n w to rrb..h!!!.'.bpp*'.dll paY.e.r ....by ar ha ologistsin

gypt.

b) Th Pr sid nt will op n th n w sports stadium on Saturday.
h n w sports stadium

.......by the Pr sid nt on

Saturday.
) Pi asso paint d this portrait.
This portrait................

l{

d) Th y will announ
h r sults of th
)

h y,r r d

Thr
g) our
h)

.......tomorrow.

oratingour s hool during the summer holidays.
.......during th summ r holidays.

in New York hav arr st dthr

terrorists............

terrorists.
in N w Yo k.

ompany s lls mor than 1,000 ars v ry w ek.

h y,r building a n W mus um in th
A n w museum

64

omp tition tomorrow.

ompetition

or than 1,000 a s

I

L

th r sults of th

our s hool
) Th poli

Pi asso.

.......our ompany v ry we k.
ity entr .
.......in the ity

ntr .

GRAMil4AR

5

R writ

a h sent n e with a passiv v rb, and so that th

16

PAs5|v

nam s of p op|

not mentioned.
a)

h

authoriti s hav

los d th

asino.

h,*ru...|l ....
,..Ik.' .q,'. .w..'h

b)

h

lubs hav postpon d th

) P opl all ov r th
d)

h

g) P

k nglish.

authoriti s hav op n d th

) Som on
f) Th

world sp

mat h.

ity

l ft this purs in th

n w swimming pool.
lassroom y st rday

oun il has bann d traffi

pl hav

l

h) Som on brok

from th

ity

ntr .

t d a n W gov rrrm nt.
into th

flat last w

k.

65


Related documents


PDF Document 7 passive voice
PDF Document buy and sell real estate
PDF Document wheelock s latin frederic m wheelock
PDF Document purchasing new south wales1147
PDF Document how to develop passive income1095
PDF Document ways to create passive income1142


Related keywords