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7 Passive+Voice.pdf


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xpIanations
Passive:form

r

o mak

th

passiv W us be and a past parti ipl .

passiv forms in th s

ompar

th

Th Gov rnme builds
t
hundredsof houseseveryy
Hundredsofhouses re built every r,

Pres nt simpl
it.

and

a tiv

xampl s:

r.

Pr s nt ontinuous The uthorities te questio i g t vomen.
T-women re being questioned by the uthorities.
Pr s nt p rf

r

Past simpl

The poli e rrested o eprot ster'
e protesterw s rtested'

t

will

The will pl
the m t h o W dnesd evening.
Th m t h wiII be pl ed on Wednesd eve ing.

r

Noti how the obj t in th a tiv fotm (hu dredsof houses,two m ,Helen)
mov s to th front in th passiv S nt n and b om s th subj t.

r

Fo us on important information
Compar :
(a tiv )
The Government built hundredsof housesl st e r.
(passiv ) Hundreds of houses werebuilt b the Go er me lt st ye r.

r.
r!
Passive:use

t

We h ve chosen Helen s the newpreside t.
Hele h s been hosen s the ew president,

r

In th a tiv s nt n mor mphasis is giv n to who did th a tion _ th
Gov rnm nt.
In th passiv s nt n mor mphasis is giv n to th thing aff t dby th
a tion _ th numb r of hous s.
mphasiz d information usually om s at the b ginning of th s nt n .
r
Using by and with

Spok n and writt n
h passiv is us d mor in writing and formal sp

h.

r

Th p rson or organization that d s the a tion is all d ,th ag nt,.If w
Want to say who do s th a tion th n w use by.
Hundredsof houseswer built l st y r.
Hu dreds of houseswere built b the Governme t l st e r.
Iot of sto Swerethrown.
gry footb ll f s.
lot of ston Swer throw b

r

Th thing that is us d to p rform an a tion is all d ,th instrum nt'. If w
Want to in lud this w tls with.
The wi dows w rebroke with b seb ll b t.
6T