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7 Passive+Voice.pdf


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lN

R]vlEDlA

LANGUAG

S nt n swithout
an agent

Transitiveand
intransitiveverbs

62

PRAC l

It is not always n
this:

ssaryto m ntion th ag nt. Th re ar s v ralr asons for

r

Br d ,smotorbikew s stolen l st night.
Agent not known:
If w kn w wh had stol n it, w would m ntion th name of th p rson.
But w don,t know and the ag nt is not m ntion d.

r

Ag nt obvious:
e protest rw s rrested'
ssaryto add th words .by th poli ,, b aus w know that it
It is not n
is always th poli who do this. Howev r, it is possibl to add th s words if
W Want to.

r

A lot of E glish gramm r books re sold every e r.
Agent unimportant:
xa tly who s lls th books is not important. If it was important we ould
lse b and th nam s of th p opl o shops who s ll the books.

l

Verbs whi h have obj ts are all d transitiv v rbs ( xamplle:help),In this
s nt n ,,th old lady, is th obj t.
crossthe ro d'
A young m n helped the old l d

r

Verbs whi h do not hav obi
walk).
Di
w Iks to oII g '

r

Di tionari s show this information with T or I. only transitiv v rbs an be
mad passive.
young m .
The old l dy w s help d crossthe ro d b

ts ar

all d intransitiv v rbs ( xampl :