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UOP ETH 321 Final Exam Guide NEW .pdf

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UOP ETH 321 Final Exam Guide NEW
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Which of the following statements is true of a grand jury?
A grand jury has the authority to subpoena business records
relevant to a lawsuit.
A grand jury determines whether the accused in a lawsuit is
innocent or guilty.
At least 20 members should be present on a grand jury to
examine evidences and vote on a case.
For an indictment to be returned, only one-third of a grand jury
needs to agree that a crime has been committed.
Alan and Miriam are engaged in a debate on the importance of
intellectual property rights. While Alan holds the view that
intellectual property protection safeguards the interests of
businesses, Miriam thinks that it ultimately puts businesses at
a disadvantage by hampering the dissemination of information.
Which of the following arguments is most likely to be raised by
Alan to strengthen his proposition?

Intellectual property rights reduce the pace of research and
development drastically.
Intellectual property rights result in an increased availability of
Intellectual property rights reduce businesses’ market share by
facilitating competition.
Intellectual property rights allow businesses to charge
premium prices for their products.
According to the __________, the acceptance of an offer results in a
binding contract only if it exactly matches the terms of the
mirror image rule
parol evidence rule
exclusive remedy rule
mailbox rule
The __________ enacted in 1938 established minimum wage,
overtime pay, and record-keeping requirements.
Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act
Family and Medical Leave Act
Fair Labor Standards Act
Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act

The term __________ refers to the placing of an individual in
immediate apprehension for his or her physical safety.
The term __________ refers to any change in the ownership of a
business organization that would alter its legal existence.
Which of the following statements is true of the Securities and
Exchange Commission?
Its members are appointed by the senate for a term of four
It is responsible for implementing the federal securities laws.
It lacks the authority to frame rules regarding transactions of

Its members are either lawyers or security analysts.
A system of equally applied law is a necessity for the foundation
of a strong, productive economy because it:
allows economically strong nations to exploit the resources of
weaker nations.
incentivizes private businesses to restrict job opportunities for
well-educated people.
encourages strangers to make agreements on certainty and
prohibits individuals from trading in modern private markets.
Which of the following scenarios illustrates a formalist
approach to business decisions?
Selling products by deceiving customers about possible
negative aspects of the products
Monitoring employee browsing history without their consent to
curb non-productive activities
Informing new customers about delays in production schedules
Assigning significantly high productivity targets to reduce costs
A(n) __________ refers to the individual or business entity offering
a security for sale to the public.
controlling person

Windy and Ruby plan to present a paper on intellectual
property rights. They decide that Windy will present the
arguments in favor of intellectual property rights and that Ruby
will argue how intellectual property rights could be
detrimental to businesses and their customers. Which of the
following is most likely to be Ruby’s argument?
Intellectual property rights reduce businesses’ prospects of
economic return on investment.
Intellectual property rights reduce the pace of research and
development drastically.
Intellectual property rights result in a decrease in the
availability of products.
Intellectual property rights do not allow businesses to charge
premium prices for their products.
Which of the following statements is true of white-collar
They are usually committed for personal financial gain.
They rarely affect consumers of a business.
They rarely occur in business environments.

They are dependent on the threat of physical force.
Which of the following scenarios illustrates a bilateral
Grapevine Inc. follows a five-day workweek system and also
offers a compressed workweek option.
Sameera, a writer, signs a contract with her publisher to
publish her book.
Helen, a painter, signs a contract with an art gallery that agrees
to purchase her painting for $2000.
The management of Uno Inc. offers additional benefits to its
employees annually.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was created
through the __________.
National Labor Relations Act
Civil Rights Act
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
Americans with Disabilities Act
Concerted efforts to lobby government officials, irrespective of
their anticompetitive purposes, are given an exception from the
Sherman Act under the __________.
overbreadth doctrine

Colgate doctrine
Noerr-Pennington doctrine
incorporation doctrine
A __________ is the simplest and least expensive business
institution to create.
limited liability company
sole proprietorship
In a state court system, lawsuits filed by parties typically begin
at the __________.
federal district court level
appellate court level
trial court level
supreme court level
According to the Commerce Clause, the power to regulate
interstate commerce is vested with __________.
state governments
state-level courts

the federal government
the U.S. Supreme Court
A business decision maker’s decision is more likely to raise
ethical concerns in a society where:
there is an increase in demand for public education.
the family structure is stable.
the news media and the Internet have significant influence.
there is a decrease in economic interdependence.
How does law hold diverse people of different backgrounds
into large, organized groups?
It prevents enforcement institutions from enforcing written
rules on strangers.
It tells the members of a society what they can and cannot do.
It discourages people from making agreements based on
certainty and trust.
It allows strangers to adopt rules that support their beliefs.
Courts determine whether the language of an offer was clear
enough to result in a contract by:
examining the objective intent of the offeror.

investigating whether an offeree actually accepted the offer.
examining the adequacy of the consideration offered.
analyzing whether the terms of the acceptance matches the
terms of the offer.
Who among the following individuals commits a battery?
Amanda, who fires her employee Trevor without any notice and
causes him severe mental distress
Yuki, who injures her boss Reese with a knife and inflicts
serious injuries on him
Joan, the customer care manager in a retail store, who verbally
threatens a customer who calls to complain about a faulty
Vincent, the CEO of Gregon Inc., who pays media firms to
circulate false information about Gregon’s chief competitor
Fuzo Inc., a manufacturer of leather bags, enters into a contract
with a firm regarding the installation of a machine in Fuzo’s
factory. Fuzo agrees to pay $1000 for the machine and another
$200 as the installation charge. In this scenario, the terms of
the sale will be covered under __________.
the Federal Arbitration Act
the Uniform Commercial Code
the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

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