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Types of Restaurants and Their
A restaurant can be a spot exactly where meals & beverages are
sold & served to customers. There are different sorts of
restaurants that have evolved to meet the dynamic demands of
consumers. The following are some well-known forms of
restaurants & their special traits:
Bistro: it is actually a small restaurant that serves simple,
moderately priced meals & wine. Braised meets are typical dishes
that are provided in a bistro. It may not have printed menus.
Brasserie: formal restaurant which serves drinks, single dishes &
other meals. The waiters are in traditional uniform of long apron
Coffee shop: mainly serves snacks & beverages 24 hours a day;
however it may serve all the three meals. This concept has come
from the USA. A 'cover' is usually a term referring to a location
setting with necessary cutlery, crockery & glassware required at
the beginning of the service for one person. Though the main
feature is 24-hour operation, some coffee shops may close early,
depending on their location.
Specialty Restaurant: it serves specialty dishes which are its
strength & contribute to the brand image. It operates during
luncheon & dinner hours, between noon & 3 PM & between 7 PM &
11 PM. The ambience & décor of the restaurant reflect the theme
of the specialty restaurant. The dishes of a particular region of a
country or a particular set of people are also termed as ethnic
Fine Dining Restaurant: this kind of restaurant primarily caters to
the requirement of the affluent market segment which wants to
experience fine dining. The restaurant may either offer dishes of
one particular region or country or exotic dishes from various
cuisines, wines, spirits & digestives. It opens mostly during
dinner time. The ambience & décor of the restaurant will be
elegant & rich. The wait staff employed is skilled & has a sound
knowledge of the dishes served. The restaurant employs
sommeliers to serve wines & other alcoholic beverages.
Popular Restaurant: this type of restaurant is informal, yet
hygienically kept & it is located in a busy area such as bus
stands, railway stations, shopping area & so on, catering to the
requirements of the middle class & the customers who are in a
hurry. The menu may either be displayed on a board at a
prominent location or printed & laminated. It operates from 7 AM
to 11 PM. The meals is plated in the kitchen & carried to the table
on a tray & served. The service standards are low & informal.
Space is utilized to the maximum to accommodate more covers.
The seat turnover is very high but the average revenue per cover
During busy lunch hours, these restaurants serve business lunch,
mini-lunch, & thali meals in a separate area to speed up service.
Dhaba: it is a roadside food stall found on national & state
highways, mainly catering to the requirements of heavy vehicle
crew. It specializes in ounjabi cuisine & tandoor cooking, serving
very limited dishes, which are freshly prepared. The service is
very informal & there is hardly any cutlery used. The dishes
served here are inexpensive & taste like home-made meals.
Fast food joint: the fast meals concept was first introduced in the
USA & now it has become popular around the world. It is
characterized by the speed of service & the affordable price of
the menu items. Changes in eating habits, non-availability of
time to wait at the table & eat, increase in the number of working
women, advancement in food processing technology, growth of
teenage market, & so on, have contributed to the success of fast
food operations. It is located in very busy area.
Rotisserie: this type of restaurant specializes in grilled or roast
meat, poultry, & fish, which are prepared in front of the guests.
Barbeque restaurant: the marinated pieces of meat, poultry, fish,
vegetables, paneer, & so on, are inserted into skewers & cooked
over live charcoal or electric griller. It is generally located near a
swimming pool, roof top, lawn, sea side, & so on, & is open
during evening hours.
Night club: it operates during the night & offers dinner, dance, &
live entertainment. Cabarets or floor shows are the main
attraction of the night club. Guests are required to wear formal
Night clubs levy an entry fee.
Discotheque: it operates during night hours. It provides a dance
floor for guest to dance on. Special sound & lightning effect is
created for an appropriate ambience. Drinks, especially beer, &
snacks are made available during the operations. The service is
very informal. It is patronized mostly by the youth & couples.
The entry is limited to a certain number of guests according to
the floor/room capacity & an entry fee is levied.
Ice Cream parlor: it serves different kinds of ice creams-sundae,
coupe, bombe, cassata, & so on. These ice creams are stored in
ice cream containers & are kept in refrigerated displays with see
through glass. The parlors may either be a franchisee or an
independent one making its own varieties of ice creams. The
seating arrangements & service are very informal. Guests may
either eat in the premises or have it packed & carry.
Cafe: this is actually a restaurant of French origin, mainly serving
coffee & snacks. The French colonies in India, but served Indian
snacks such as vada, samosas, bonda, & so on, along with coffee
& pastries. The customers are served at the table following the
American style which increases the seat turnover, but the
average revenue per cover is low due to the lower pricing of
Cafeteria: the traditional cafeteria system consists of a straight
line of counters containing a variety of hot & cold dishes. The
cashier who is at the end of the counter makes bills for the items
selected & collects payment. This form is widely followed in
institutional & industry catering establishments.
In modern ' free flow cafeteria' system, the counters are
segregated according to the type of dishes offered-hot or cold,
appetizers, soups, breads, sandwiches, entrees, salads, pastas &
so on. In most cafeteria-style operations in India, guests make
payment at the counter beforehand for items they want to eat &
collect them against the bill at the appropriate counters.
Cafeterias are situated in railway stations, cinema halls,
shopping complexes, college premises, office premises, & so on,
where the guest expects quick service.
Food Court: it refers to a number of independent food stalls,
each serving items of food. The customers order the meals items
they want to have & consume them at a common dining area. The
sorts of dishes offered represent local cuisine & dishes that are
popular globally. Food courts are found in big shopping
complexes, entertainment complexes, amusement parks,
airports, & so on exactly where there is really a heavy traffic of
Kiosk: it is small permanent or temporary structure on a sidewalk
from which items such as coffee, tea, chocolates, pastries,
savories & so on, may be sold. Most kiosks do not have seating
Drive-in: customers drive in, park their vehicles at a parking lot,
& remain seated in their vehicles. The waiters go to the
customers with menu cards, collect orders, & deliver the food
items on specially designed trays & the customers remain parked
while they eat.
Oyster Bar: it is often a restaurant that specializes in the serving
of fresh oysters. The oysters are opened or shelled behind the
counter, within the sight of guests. Fresh oysters are served on a
bed of crushed ice with oyster cruet, brown bread, & butter.
Pub: it mainly serves various kinds of beer, especially draught
beer, & snacks.
Bars: it offers all kinds of spirits such as whiskey, rum, gin,
vodka, brandy, tequila, wines, & beers. Hotels & restaurants have
an additional bar in the food service area/restaurant to dispense
wines, beers, & spirits during the service, called a dispense bar.
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