Furnstahl .pdf

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Title: DFT and EFT: Recent developments and ideas
Author: Dick Furnstahl

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DFT and EFT: Recent
developments and ideas
Dick Furnstahl
Department of Physics
Ohio State University

Bridging nuclear ab-initio and
energy density functional theories
October, 2017
Collaborators: S. Bogner (MSU), A. Dyhdalo (OSU), R. Navarro-Perez (LLNL),
N. Schunck (LLNL), Y. Zhang (OSU) plus discussions
with T. Papenbrock (UT) and many others

Outline

Viewpoint: nuclear reduction and emergence

Progress report on new DME implementation

Nuclear DFT and effective actions (EFT)

Outline

Viewpoint: nuclear reduction and emergence

Progress report on new DME implementation

Nuclear DFT and effective actions (EFT)

Hierarchy of nuclear degrees of freedom
LQCD

scale&
separa)on&

ab initio
CI

DFT

collective
models

Resolution

constituent
quarks

Hierarchy of nuclear degrees of freedom
LQCD

scale&
separa)on&

constituent
quarks

Multiple phenomenologies

ab initio
CI

DFT

collective
models

Resolution

Constituent quarks
Meson exchange models
Cluster models
Collective models
Nuclei as Fermi liquids
Nuclear pairing

Hierarchy of nuclear degrees of freedom
LQCD

scale&
separa)on&

Reductive and Emergent
=⇒ EFT (see 2017 Saclay workshop)

constituent
quarks

Multiple phenomenologies

ab initio
CI

DFT

collective
models

Resolution

Constituent quarks
Meson exchange models
Cluster models
Collective models
Nuclei as Fermi liquids
Nuclear pairing
“Behind every successful emergent
phenomenology there is an EFT (or
EFTs) waiting to be uncovered”

Hierarchy of nuclear degrees of freedom
LQCD

scale&
separa)on&

Reductive and Emergent
=⇒ EFT (see 2017 Saclay workshop)

constituent
quarks

Chiral quark model

ab initio
CI

DFT

collective
models

Resolution

Chiral EFT: nucleons, [∆’s,]
pions; [within HO basis]
Pionless EFT: nucleons only
(low-energy few-body) or
nucleons and clusters (halo)
EFT for deformed nuclei:
systematic collective dofs
(Papenbrock et al.)

EFT at the Fermi surface
(Landau-Migdal theory;
superfluidity): quasi-nucleons

Hierarchy of nuclear degrees of freedom
LQCD

scale&
separa)on&

Reductive and Emergent
=⇒ EFT (see 2017 Saclay workshop)

constituent
quarks

Chiral quark model

ab initio
CI

DFT

collective
models

Resolution

Chiral EFT: nucleons, [∆’s,]
pions; [within HO basis]
Pionless EFT: nucleons only
(low-energy few-body) or
nucleons and clusters (halo)
EFT for deformed nuclei:
systematic collective dofs
(Papenbrock et al.)

EFT at the Fermi surface
(Landau-Migdal theory;
superfluidity): quasi-nucleons
Where does EDF/DFT fit in?

Bestiary of [universal] nuclear energy functionals
Nonrelativistic [HFB] functionals
Skyrme — local densities and ∇s
Gogny — finite range Gaussians

+

Fayans — self-consistent FFS

Relativistic [covariant Hartree + pairing = RHB] functionals
RMF — meson fields (generalized Walecka model)
point coupling Lagrangian
Repeat cycle until stops changing (self-consistent):
densities ρi → potential that minimizes energy E[ρi ] → s.p. states → ρi
Densities (or density matrices) from single-particle wave functions
Includes pairing densities, i.e., hψi ψj i as well as hψi† ψj i

1

2
3

[Restore symmetries, beyond-mean-field correlations (or SR → MR)]
Evaluate observables (masses, radii, β-decay, fission . . . )

Often interpreted as Kohn-Sham density functional theory


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