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km 2) for a 1,000 MWe generating capacity. An additional 5.6 mi 2 (14.6 km 2) of land
would be required for wells, collection stations, and pipelines to bring natural gas to the
generating facility. This is significantly greater than the 0.35 mi2 (0.92 km 2) required for
construction of a new nuclear unit.
Regarding Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) energy technology (ER, IGCC is an emerging, advanced technology for generating electricity with coal
that combines modern coal gasification technology with both gas turbine and steam
turbine power generation. At present, IGCC technology still has insufficient operating
experience for widespread expansion into commercial-scale, utility applications. Each
major component of IGCC has been broadly utilized in industrial and power generation
applications. But the integration of coal gasification with a combined cycle power block
to produce commercial electricity as a primary output is relatively new and has been
demonstrated at only a handful of facilities around the world.
With regard to fusion as a viable energy source, an international thermonuclear
experimental fusion reactor is being built jointly by the European Union, the United
States, China, India, Japan, Russia and South Korea. It is located at Cadarache in
southern France. The treaty authorizing the funding of the project was signed in
November 2006 and the 500 MW machine is due to beginning running in 2016.
(Reference: Since fusion reactor technology is still in the experimental
stage, it is highly unlikely that fusion reactor technology will be available in the near
future to meet the expected baseload power requirements. As such, fusion reactor
technology is not a viable energy option and not considered in the CCNPP Unit 3
COLA application.
ER Section 9.2 of CCNPP Unit 3 COLA, Revision 3 is attached and provides a detailed
analysis of alternative energy sources for the proposed project.