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Toledoth Yeshu

Sepher Toledoth Jeshu
YEHOSHUA BEN PANDIRA
BIRTH AND PARENTAGE OF JESUS
In the year 3671 in the days of King Jannaeus, a great misfortune befell Israel, when
there arose a certain disreputable man of the tribe of Judah, whose name was Joseph
Pandera. He lived at Bethlehem, in Judah.
Near his house dwelt a widow and her lovely and chaste daughter named Miriam.
Miriam was betrothed to Yohanan, of the royal house of David, a man learned in the
Torah and God-fearing.
At the close of a certain Sabbath, Joseph Pandera, attractive and like a warrior in
appearance, having gazed lustfully upon Miriam, knocked upon the door of her room
and betrayed her by pretending that he was her betrothed husband, Yohanan. Even so,
she was amazed at this improper conduct and submitted only against her will.
Thereafter, when Yohanan came to her, Miriam expressed astonishment at behavior so
foreign to his character. It was thus that they both came to know the crime of Joseph
Pandera and the terrible mistake on the part of Miriam. Whereupon Yohanan went to
Rabban Shimeon ben Shetah and related to him the tragic seduction. Lacking witnesses
required for the punishment of Joseph Pandera, and Miriam being with child, Yohanan
left for Babylonia.[
Miriam gave birth to a son and named him Yehshuas, after her brother. This name later
deteriorated to Yeshus. On the eighth day he was circumcised. When he was old enough
the lad was taken by Miriam to the house of study to be instructed in the Jewish
tradition.
One day Yeshu walked in front of the Sages with his head uncovered, showing
shameful disrespect. At this, the discussion arose as to whether this behavior did not
truly indicate that Yeshu was an illegitimate child and the son of a niddah. Moreover,
the story tells that while the rabbis were discussing the Tractate Nezikin, he gave his
own impudent interpretation of the law and in an ensuing debate he held that Moses
could not be the greatest of the prophets if he had to receive counsel from Jethro. This
led to further inquiry as to the antecedents of Yeshu, and it was discovered through
Rabban Shimeon ben Shetah that he was the illegitimate son of Joseph Pandera. Miriam
admitted it. After this became known, it was necessary for Yeshu to flee to Upper
Galilee.
After King Jannaeus, his wife Helene ruled over all Israel. In the Temple was to be
found the Foundation Stone on which were engraven the letters of God's Ineffable
Name. Whoever learned the secret of the Name and its use would be able to do

1

whatever he wished. Therefore, the Sages took measures so that no one should gain this
knowledge. Lions of brass were bound to two iron pillars at the gate of the place of
burnt offerings. Should anyone enter and learn the Name, when he left the lions would
roar at him and immediately the valuable secret would be forgotten.
Yeshu came and learned the letters of the Name; he wrote them upon the parchment
which he placed in an open cut on his thigh and then drew the flesh over the parchment.
As he left, the lions roared and he forgot the secret. But when he came to his house he
reopened the cut in his flesh with a knife and lifted out the writing. Then he
remembered and obtained the use of the letters.[6]
He gathered about himself three hundred and ten young men of Israel and accused those
who spoke ill of his birth of being people who desired greatness and power for
themselves. Yeshu proclaimed, "I am the Messiah; and concerning me Isaiah prophesied
and said, 'Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name
Immanuel.'" He quoted other messianic texts, insisting, "David my ancestor prophesied
concerning me: 'The Lord said to me, thou art my son, this day have I begotten thee.'"
The insurgents with him replied that if Yeshu was the Messiah he should give them a
convincing sign. They therefore, brought to him a lame man, who had never walked.
Yeshu spoke over the man the letters of the Ineffable Name, and the leper was healed.
Thereupon, they worshipped him as the Messiah, Son of the Highest.
When word of these happenings came to Jerusalem, the Sanhedrin decided to bring
about the capture of Yeshu. They sent messengers, Annanui and Ahaziah, who,
pretending to be his disciples, said that they brought him an invitation from the leaders
of Jerusalem to visit them. Yeshu consented on condition the members of the Sanhedrin
receive him as a lord. He started out toward Jerusalem and, arriving at Knob, acquired
an ass on which he rode into Jerusalem, as a fulfillment of the prophecy of Zechariah.
The Sages bound him and led him before Queen Helene, with the accusation: "This man
is a sorcerer and entices everyone." Yeshu replied, "The prophets long ago prophesied
my coming: 'And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse,' and I am he; but
as for them, Scripture says 'Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the
ungodly.'"
Queen Helene asked the Sages: "What he says, is it in your Torah?" They replied: "It is
in our Torah, but it is not applicable to him, for it is in Scripture: 'And that prophet
which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to
speak or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die.' He has
not fulfilled the signs and conditions of the Messiah."
Yeshu spoke up: "Madam, I am the Messiah and I revive the dead." A dead body was
brought in; he pronounced the letters of the Ineffable Name and the corpse came to life.
The Queen was greatly moved and said: "This is a true sign." She reprimanded the
Sages and sent them humiliated from her presence. Yeshu's dissident followers
increased and there was controversy in Israel.

2

Yeshu went to Upper Galilee. the Sages came before the Queen, complaining that
Yeshu practiced sorcery and was leading everyone astray. Therefore she sent Annanui
and Ahaziah to fetch him.
The found him in Upper Galilee, proclaiming himself the Son of God. When they tried
to take him there was a struggle, but Yeshu said to the men of Upper Galilee: "Wage no
battle." He would prove himself by the power which came to him from his Father in
heaven. He spoke the Ineffable Name over the birds of clay and they flew into the air.
He spoke the same letters over a millstone that had been placed upon the waters. He sat
in it and it floated like a boat. When they saw this the people marveled. At the behest of
Yeshu, the emissaries departed and reported these wonders to the Queen. She trembled
with astonishment.
Then the Sages selected a man named Judas who was a new member of the secret band
of Iscarri and brought him to the Sanctuary where he learned the letters of the lost name
as Yeshu had done.
When Yeshu was summoned before the queen, this time there were present also the
Sages and Judas the Iscarri. Yeshu said: "It is spoken of me, 'I will ascend into heaven.'"
He lifted his arms like the wings of an eagle and he flew between heaven and earth, to
the amazement of everyone.
The elders asked Judas Iscarri to do likewise. He did, and flew toward heaven. Iscarri
then attempted to defeat the power of Yeshu adn thrown him down to earth. They
struggled together but neither one of the two could prevail against the other for both
kept pronouncing the secret name of God. However, to win the struggle, Judas Iscarri
pissed upon Yeshu and defiled him, so that they both lost their power and fell down to
the earth. And in their condition of defilement the letters of the Ineffable Name escaped
from their minds. Because of this deed of Judah Iscarri his followers weep on the eve of
the birth of Yeshu.
Yeshu was seized by the scribes and elders. They covered his eyes with a garment so
that he could not see placing a cable tow about his neck. He was smitten upon his head
and face with pomegranate staves; but he could do nothing, for he no longer had the
secret Name.
Yeshu was taken prisoner to the synagogue of Tiberias, and they bound him to a pillar.
To allay his thirst they gave him vinegar to drink. On his head they set a crown of
thorns. There was strife and wrangling between the elders and the unrestrained
followers of Yeshu, as a result of which the followers escaped with Yeshu to the region
of Antioch[; there Yeshu remained until the eve of the Passover.
Yeshu then resolved to go the Temple in Jerusalem to acquire again the pronounciation
of the Name. That year the Passover came on a Sabbath day. On the eve of the Passover,
Yeshu, accompanied by his disciples, came to Jerusalem riding upon an ass. Many
bowed down before him. He entered the Temple with his three hundred and ten
followers. One of them, Judas the new Iscarri informed the Pharisees that Yeshu was to
be found in the Temple, that the disciples had taken a vow by the Ten Commandments
not to reveal his identity but that he would point him out by giving him a kiss. So it was
done and Yeshu was seized. Asked his name, he replied to the question by several times

3

giving the names Mattai, Nakki, Buni, Netzer, each time with a verse quoted by him and
a counter-verse by the Sages.
The Pharisees forced Pilate to kill Yeshu and he was put to death on the sixth hour on
the eve of the Passover and of the Sabbath. When they tried to crucify him on a tree it
broke, for when he had possessed the power he had pronounced by the Ineffable Name
that no tree should hold him. He had failed to pronounce the prohibition over the
cabbage-stalk, for it was a plant but not a tree, and on it Yehsu was crucified until the
hour for afternoon prayer, for it is written in Scripture, "His body shall not remain all
night upon the tree." They buried him outside the city.
On the first day of the week his bold followers came to Queen Helene with the report
that he who was slain was truly the Messiah and that he was not in his grave; he had
ascended to heaven as he prophesied. Diligent search was made and he was not found in
the grave where he had been buried. The soldiers who were guarding the tomb had been
hurried away that morning to vacation in Babylon. When asked later about the
disappearance of Yeshu they reported that a gardener had taken him from the grave. He
brought his body into another secret place and buried him in the sand over which waters
flowed into the burial garden.
Queen Helene demanded, on threat of a severe penalty, that the body of Yeshu be
shown to her within a period of three days. There was a great distress. When the keeper
of the garden saw Rabbi Tanhuma, a Pharisee, walking in the field and crying over the
decree of the Queen, the gardener related what he had done, in order that Yeshu's
followers should not steal his body and then claim that he had ascended into heaven.
The Pharisees dug up the body of Yehsu, tied him to the tail of a horse and dragged him
through the streets to the Queen, with the words, "This is Yeshu who is said to have
ascended to heaven." Realizing then that Yeshu was a false prophet who deceived the
people and led them astray, she mocked the followers of Jeshu but praised the
Pharisees.
The disciples then were scattered among the nations--three went to the mountains of
Ararat, three to Armenia, three to Rome and three to the kingdoms by the sea, They
deceived the Gentiles, but soon they were all killed.
The remaining followers of Jeshu amongst the twelve tribes said: "You have slain the
Messiah of the Lord." The Pharisees answered: "You have believed in a false prophet."
There was endless strife and discord for thirty years.
The Pharisees desired to separate from Israel those who continued to claim Yeshu was
the Messiah, and they called upon a greatly learned man, Simeon Cephas, for help.
Simeon went to Antioch, main city of the Nazarenes and proclaimed to them: "I am an
Apostle of Yeshu. He has sent me to show you the way. I will give you a sign as Yeshu
has done."
Simeon Cephas, having gained the secret of the secret Name of God, healed a leper and
a lame man by means of it and thus found acceptance as a true Apostle. He told them
that Yeshu was in heaven, at the right hand of his Father, in fulfillment of Psalm 110:1.
He added that Yeshu desired that they separate themselves from the Pharisees and their
religion and no longer follow their practices, as Isaiah had said, "Your new moons and

4

your feasts my soul abhorreth." They were now to observe the first day of the week
instead of the seventh, the Resurrection instead of the Passover, the Ascension into
Heaven instead of the Feast of Weeks, the finding of the Cross instead of the New Year,
the ritual of baptism instead of the Day of Atonement, Christmas instead of Chanukah;
and they were to be indifferent with regard to circumcision and the dietary laws. Also
they were to follow the teaching of turning the right if smitten on the left and the meek
acceptance of suffering. All these new teachings are what Simeon Cephas (or Paul, as
he was later known) taught them. Rav Paul or often called also Saul, meant to separate
these Nazarenes as non Jews from the people of Israel and to bring the internal strife to
an end.
REFERÊNCIAS:

Trechos COMPLETOS EM HEBRAICO E INGLES SOBRE OS TEXTOS ACIMA (YEOSHUA
BEN PANDIRA)
Vide mais sobre esta porcaria de YESHU BEN PANDIRA AQUI NESTE SITE OFICIAL DA
SOCIEDADE TEOSOFICA: SOB O TITULO ORIGINAL ESCRITO POR BLAVASKTY
THE ESOTERIC CHARACTER OF THE GOSPELS (O CARÁCTER ESOTÉRICO DOS
EVANGELHOS ONDE ELA DISCORRE SOBRE YESHU BEN PANDIRA

http://www.blavatsky.net/blavatsky/arts/EsotericCharacterOfTheGospels.htm
Or Lydda. Reference is made here to the Rabbinical tradition in the Babylonian
Gemara, called Sepher Toledoth Jeshu, about Jesus being the son of one named Pandira,
and having lived a century earlier than the era called Christian, namely, during the reign
of the Jewish king Alexander Jannæus and his wife Salome, who reigned from the year
106 to 79 B.C. Accused by the Jews of having learned the magic art in Egypt, and of
having stolen from the Holy of Holies the Incommunicable Name, Jehoshua (Jesus) was
put to death by the Sanhedrin at Lud. He was stoned and then crucified on a tree, on the
eve of Passover. The narrative is ascribed to the Talmudistic authors of "Sota" and
"Sanhedrin," p. 19, Book of Zechiel. See "Isis Unveiled," II. 201; Arnobius; Eliphas
Levi's "Science des Esprits," and "The Historical Jesus and Mythical Christ," a lecture
by G. Massey,
MAIS REFERENCIA SOBRE ESTE TEXTO YESHUA BEN PANDIRA
SITE ISLÂMICO:
http://answering-islam.org.uk/Shamoun/talmud_jesus.htm
WEBSITE JUDAICO SOBRE BEN PANDIRA
Segundo a Enciclopedia Judaica
For further details see the article Ben Stada (BEN PANDIRA) in the
Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 4, col. 554.
http://www.torah.org/qanda/seequanda.php?id=320
Jewish History: Post-Biblical History: Ben Stada:

Who was Ben Stada?
The Talmud (Shabbos 104b) mentions a person named Ben Stada, and
5

says that he was also called Ben Pandira and that his mother's name
was Miriam. The suggestion has been made that this is a reference to
Jesus, but this is only a speculation. For further details see the article
Ben Stada in the Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 4, col. 554.
REFERENCIA ENCICLOPEDIA JUDAICA COMPLETA
http://www.google.com/search?q=%22Encyclopedia+Judaica%22&hl=en&lr=&start=1
0&sa=N

The Jesus Narrative In The Talmud
Written by Gil Student

Introduction
There are four main passages in the Talmud that are alleged by some to discuss the
story of Jesus' life and death. What we will do here is to analyze closely these passages
and see the reasons one may or may not attribute these stories to the life of Jesus. We
will also look at another two passages that help us identify our protagonist(s). We will
quickly realize that there are great difficulties in stating that any of these texts refer to
Jesus. We will see that a large number of historians and talmudists have addressed
these issues and have concluded that either none of these passages refer to Jesus or that
they refer to a proto-Jesus, whose life was later obfuscated by the theologically
motivated rewriting of history.

Introduction
Jesus In The
Talmud
Christianity
In The
Talmud

Passages

It is important to keep in mind that there are many people in the Talmud with
the same names. R. Aaron Hyman in his biographical work on the sages of the
Talmud, Toldot Tannaim VeAmoraim, lists 14 Hillels, 61 Elazars, and 71
Hunas. Josephus lists approximately twenty different men named Jesus, at
Passages
least ten of whom lived in the same time as the famous Jesus [cf. John P.
Ben Stada
Meier, A Marginal Jew, p. 206 n. 6]. The name Panthera was also a common
Yeshu
Trial
name in the first two centuries [cf. L. Patterson, "Origin of the Name
Execution
Disciples Panthera", JTS 19 (1917-18), p. 79-80, cited in Meier, p. 107 n. 48]. When
The
dealing with first names, it is very common to come across different people in
Student
Theories
the Talmud with the same name and the same applies today. When I refer to
Hazy
Bill, am I talking about the President of the United States, the billionaire
History
Two
founder of Microsoft, or a local celebrity? In one place I could mean one Bill
Yeshus
Early Jesus and in another place a different Bill. It is therefore almost impossible to
Conclusion identify someone based on their first name alone. Second names, which in the
Talmud means the name of the father, enable us to identify people with much
better accuracy, but not entirely. It is very possible for both two men and their
father's to have the same names. This makes history much harder but ignoring
this fact is distorting history.
Note that the word "ben" means "son of" in Hebrew. Therefore, the name "Shimon Ben
Gamaliel" means Shimon the son of Gamaliel.

6

Passage #1: Ben Stada
Talmud Shabbat 104b, Sanhedrin 67a

It is taught: R. Eliezer told the sages: Did not Ben Stada bring witchcraft with him from
Egypt in a cut that was on his skin? They said to him: He was a fool and you cannot bring
proof from a fool.
Ben Stada is Ben Pandira.
R. Chisda said: The husband was Stada and the lover was Pandira.
[No,] the husband was Pappos Ben Yehudah and the mother was Stada.
[No,] the mother was Miriam the women's hairdresser [and was called Stada]. As we say
in Pumbedita: She has turned away [Stat Da] from her husband.

Summary
What we see from here is that there was a man named Ben Stada who was considered to
be a practicer of black magic. His mother was named Miriam and also called Stada.
His father was named Pappos Ben Yehudah. Miriam (Stada) had an affair with Pandira
from which Ben Stada was born.

Proof
Some historians claim that Ben Stada, also known as Ben Pandira, was Jesus. His
mother's name was Miriam which is similar to Mary. Additionally, Miriam was called a
women's hairdresser, "megadla nashaia" [for this translation, see R. Meir Halevi
Abulafia, Yad Rama, Sanhedrin ad. loc.]. The phrase "Miriam megadla nashaia" sounds
similar to Mary Magdalene, a well-known New Testament figure.

Problems
1. Mary Magdalene was not Jesus' mother. Neither was Mary a hairdresser.
2. Jesus' step-father was Joseph. Ben Stada's step-father was Pappos Ben Yehudah.
3. Pappos Ben Yehudah is a known figure from other places in talmudic literature. The
Mechilta Beshalach (Vayehi ch. 6) has him discussing Torah with Rabbi Akiva and
Talmud Berachot 61b has Pappos Ben Yehudah being captured and killed by Romans
along with Rabbi Akiva. Rabbi Akiva lived during the second half of the first century
and the first half of the second century. He died in the year 134. If Pappos Ben
Yehudah was a contemporary of Rabbi Akiva's, he must have been born well after
Jesus' death and certainly could not be his father.

7

Passage #2: Yeshu
Talmud Sanhedrin 107b, Sotah 47a

What of R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah?
When John [Hyrcanus] the king killed the rabbis, R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah [and Yeshu]
went to Alexandria of Egypt. When there was peace, Shimon Ben Shetach sent to him
"From me [Jerusalem] the holy city to you Alexandria of Egypt. My husband remains in
your midst and I sit forsaken."
[R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah] left and arrived at a particular inn and they showed him
great respect. He said: How beautiful is this inn [Achsania, which also means innkeeper].
[Yeshu] said: Rabbi, she has narrow eyes.
[R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah] said to him: Wicked one, this is how you engage yourself?
[R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah] sent out four hundred trumpets and excommunicated him.
[Yeshu] came before [R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah] many times and said: Accept me. But
[R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah] paid him no attention.
One day [R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah] was reciting Shema [during which one may not be
interrupted]. [Yeshu] came before him. He was going to accept [Yeshu] and signalled to
[Yeshu] with his hand. [Yeshu] thought that [R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah] was repelling
him. He went, hung a brick, and bowed down to it.
[Yeshu] said to [R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah]: You taught me that anyone who sins and
causes others to sin is not given the opportunity to repent.
And the master said: Yeshu {the Notzri} practiced magic and deceive and led Israel astray.

Background and Summary
Note that historians differ on the exact years of these events. For simplicity, we will
assume the latest possible dates as suggested by Gershon Tannenbaum [Jewish Time
Line Encyclopedia, p. 87].

8

John Hyrcanus was a successful king and soldier. During a banquet celebrating his
victories in 93 BCE, some Pharisee rabbis offended him and he was convinced by
Sadducee leaders to try to kill every Pharisee rabbi [Hyman, vol. II pp. 691-692, 766].
Some rabbis, such as R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah and his student Yeshu, fled to
Alexandria outside of John Hyrcanus's reach [Hyman vol. II pp. 647, 692]. Shimon Ben
Shetach, however, was hidden in Jerusalem by his sister, Salome Alexandra, who was
John Hyrcanus's daughter-in-law [Hyman, vol. II pp. 647, 692, 766, vol. III pp. 12121213]. The extremely diverse religious population of Palestine, full of sects such as the
Essenes, Kumrans, and numerous other groups, was temporarily devoid of any public
Pharisee leaders.
By the year 91 BCE, John Hyrcanus and his sons Antigonus and Aristobulos had died
and his third son Alexander Janneus became king. Even though Alexander Janneus was
an ardent Sadducee, his wife convinced him to appoint his Pharisaic brother-in-law,
Shimon Ben Shetach, to the Sanhedrin, then dominated by Sadducees. Slowly, over the
course of a number of years, Shimon Ben Shetach outshone his Sadducee opponents in
the Sanhedrin and appointed his Pharisaic students as members [Hyman, vol. II pp. 766767, vol. III pp. 1213-1214].
By the year 80 BCE it was finally safe for the Pharisee rabbis to quietly return and
Shimon Ben Shetach sent a cryptic note to his mentor, R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah,
encouraging him to return [Hyman, vol. II pp. 647-648, vol. III pp. 1213-1214].
Some 50 to 60 years after the great Pharisaic victory of the Hasmoneans, in which
Pharisees rebelled against the Greek-Syrians and gained the monarchy, these Pharisee
rabbis returned to a country full of heretical sects that had either integrated aspects of
Hellenist paganism into their religion or had, in an attempt to repel all unproven
influence, rejected the traditions of the rabbis. The Pharisees who remembered the
prominence in which they had so recently been held were now witnesses to the
disintegration of their religious society.
While returning, Yeshu misunderstood one of his teacher's remarks and said something
that demonstrated that he was interested in and looking at married women. As sexual
promiscuity was a sign of many of the Hellenist sects, R. Yehoshua Ben Perachiah
suspected his student of being yet another leader influenced by Hellenism and had him
excommunicated [this hasty conclusion was condemned by the Talmud a few lines
before our passage]. After many attempts by Yeshu to reconcile with his mentor, R.
Yehoshua Ben Perachiah was finally ready. However, Yeshu approached him while he
was reciting Shema, the most important part of the morning prayer during which he
could not stop to speak. He motioned to Yeshu with his hand which was misinterpreted
as a signal to go away. Yeshu finally gave up and fulfilled his teacher's suspicion. He
adopted a pagan religion and went on to create his own sect of Judaism and lead many
Jews astray.

Proof
Some historians note some similarities here between Yeshu and Jesus. Most notably, in
one manuscript of the Talmud he is called Yeshu the Notzri which could be rendered
(with only a little difficulty) Jesus the Nazarene.

9


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