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Community.Psychology.3E .pdf


Original filename: Community.Psychology.3E.pdf
Title: Community Psychology: Linking Individuals and Communities, 3rd ed.
Author: Bret Kloos

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Community Psychology
Linking Individuals and Communities
THIRD EDITION

BRET KLOOS
University of South Carolina

JEAN HILL
New Mexico Highlands University

ELIZABETH THOMAS
University of Washington Bothell

ABRAHAM WANDERSMAN
University of South Carolina

MAURICE J. ELIAS
Rutgers University

JAMES H. DALTON
Bloomsburg University

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Community Psychology: Linking Individuals
and Communities, Third Edition
Bret Kloos, Jean Hill, Elizabeth Thomas,
Abraham Wandersman, Maurice J. Elias and
James H. Dalton
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Library of Congress Control Number: 2011923313
ISBN-13: 978-1-111-35257-8
ISBN-10: 1-111-35257-7
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 15 14 13 12 11


To Suzanne, who has been an inspiration through her work to address injustice and
a support through her love and care; and to my parents Richard and Kathleen Kloos, who
provided me countless opportunities to learn and models of lives well lived.—B. K.
To Tom, who, although he still believes community psychology is just a form of
sociology, has always been an amazing source of support in my work and my life;
and to Mikaele, in the hope that her passion for social justice will continue to inform and
inspire her life.—J. L. H.
To Chris, whose love and support bring me courage and great joy; and to my parents,
Bo and Rubye Lynn Thomas, and my sister, Stephanie—with much love and gratitude to
each of you. I am inspired by your wisdom, strength, and grace.—E. T.
To my wife Lois, whose love and wisdom make me happy and wiser; to my father Irving
Wandersman and in memory of my mother Hadassah Wandersman, who saw great things
in me and nurtured me.—A. W.
To my wife Ellen, with gratitude for her love and cherished support always; and to Agnes
and Sol Elias, whose unwavering support has served as the springboard for my
accomplishments—M. J. E.
To my wife Carolyn, whose companionship, love, and wisdom sustain me daily;
to my sister Mary Hannah, who exemplifies courage; and to the memory of Heath and
Sally Dalton, who taught by example the integration of faith and action—J. H. D.

This page intentionally left blank


Brief Contents

FOREW O RD

xix

PREFACE
xxi
T O IN ST R UC T O RS

xx v

A BO U T TH E AU T HO RS

PART

PART

PART

I

II

III

x xx ii i

Introducing Community Psychology
1

Introducing Community Psychology

2

2

The Development and Practice of Community Psychology

Community Research
3

The Aims of Community Research

70

4

Methods of Community Psychology Research

102

Understanding Communities
5

Understanding Individuals Within Environments

6

Understanding Community

7

Understanding Human Diversity in Context

8

Understanding Stress and Coping in Context

v

138

174
208
248

36

vi

BRIEF CONTENTS

PART

PART

IV

V

Preventing Problem Behavior and Promoting
Social Competence
9

Prevention and Promotion: Key Concepts

286

10

Prevention and Promotion: Implementing Programs

Promoting Community and Social Change
11

Empowerment and Citizen Participation

12

Community and Social Change

13

Program Evaluation and Program Development

14

Looking Ahead

REFERENCES

489

NAME INDEX
SU BJ E CT IN D E X

543
555

460

350

384
420

318


Contents

FOREW O RD

xix

PREFACE
xxi
T O IN ST R UC T O RS

xx v

A BO U T TH E AU T HO RS

PART

I

x xx ii i

Introducing Community Psychology
1

Introducing Community Psychology
What Is Community Psychology?

2

3

Opening Exercise: Musical Chairs 5
Community Psychology: A Shift in Perspective
Elaine: Multiple Contexts of Clinical Depression
Persons, Contexts, and Change 10
Persons and Contexts 10
What Is Community Psychology? A Definition

7
8

12

Structural Perspectives and First-Order and
Second-Order Change 13
Ecological Levels of Analysis in Community Psychology
Individuals 19
Microsystems 20
Organizations

21

Localities 21
Macrosystems 22
Levels of Intervention
vii

23

18


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