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EDUCATIONAL
STATISTICS AT A GLANCE

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
DEPARTMENT OF SCHOOL EDUCATION & LITERACY
NEW DELHI
2016

PROJECT STAFF
Ms. Swapna Bhattacharya
Director
Shri Krishna Kumar Tiwari
Deputy Director
Miss Vandana Gautam
Assistant Director
Mrs. Chandertara Das
Senior Statistical Officer
Ms. Jayashree Dey
Junior Statistical Officer

Contents
Table
No.

Title

Overview
Part I: Population and Literacy
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4

Population Census- 2001 & 2011
Estimated Population by Age Group-2013 & 14
Literacy Rates( 7+ Age Group)
Adult Literacy Rates(15+ Age Group)

Page
No.
A1-A4
1
1
2
2

Part II: Key Education Statistics
Table5
Table6

Table 7
Table 8
Table 9
Table 10
Table 11
Table 12
Table 13

Table 14
Table 15
Table 16
Table 17

Number of Institutions by Type 2014-15
Stage wise Enrolment
A - Level-wise Enrolment in School & Higher Education 2014-15
B - %Enrolment in various Disciplines at Ph.D. & Post Graduate level in
Higher Education 2014-15
C - %Percentage Enrolment in various Disciplines at Under Graduate level in Higher
Education 2014-15
D - Percentage Enrolment in various Programmes in Higher Education 2014-15
E -Enrolment in Higher Education through Regular
& Distance Mode 2014-15
F -Enrolment of Foreign Students in Higher Education 2014-15
Gross Enrolment Ratio(GER)
Number of Teachers and Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) by Type of Institution
Gender Parity Index(GPI)
Level-wise Average Annual Drop-Out Rate in School Education (2013-14)*
Examination Results
Open School Examination Results
Examination Result (Higher Education)
A-Level-wise Out-turn/Pass out in Higher Education-2014-15
B- %Out-turn/Pass Out in various Disciplines at
Ph.D. & Post Graduate Level in Higher Education 2014-15
C- %Percentage Out-turn/Pass Out in various Disciplines at Under Graduate Level in
Higher Education 2014-15
Subject –wise Mean Achievement Score of Students at National level
State – wise Mean Achievement Score of students in Mathematics
State – wise Mean Achievement Score of students in English
Public Expenditure on Education
A- Expenditure (Centre+States/UTs) on Education
B-Expenditure (Centre+States/UTs) on Education by Type- Revised Estimate 201213
C-Expenditure (Centre+States/UTs) on Education by Type- Budget Estimate -2013-14
D-Expenditure (Revenue) on Education by Education and Other Departments by
Sector -2011-12
E- Expenditure (Revenue) on Education by Education and Other Departments by
Sector -2011-2012

3
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
8
9
10
10
11
11
12
13
14
15
15
15
16
16

F-Expenditure (Revenue) on Education by Education and Other Departments by
Sector - Budget Estimate -2013-14

16

Part-III: Time Series Data
Table18
Table 19
Table 20

Table 21
Table 22

Table 23
Table 24

Table 25

Table 26
Table 27
Table 28

Literacy Rates
Number of Recognised Educational Institutions
Level-wise Enrolment
A- All Categories
B-Scheduled Caste
C -Scheduled Tribes
Number of Teachers by Type of School
Gross Enrolment Ratio(GER)
A-All Categories
B-Scheduled Caste
C-Scheduled Tribes
Number of Female per hundred Male Enrolled by Stages of Education
Gender Parity Index (GPI)
A-All Categories
B-Scheduled Caste
C -Scheduled Tribes
Average Annual Drop-Out Rate in School Education
A-All Categories
B-Scheduled Caste
C-Scheduled Tribes
Number of Female Teachers per Hundred Male Teachers
Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR)
Public Expenditure on Education and Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

17
17
18-19
20- 21
22-23
24-25
26-27
28-29
30-31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41

Part: IV World Scenario
Table 29
Table30

International Comparison on GER & Public Expenditure on Education as % of GDP2014
International Comparison on PTR & Mobility -2014

42
42

Overview
The two main sources of educational statistics are the educational institutions and
households. The educational institutions provide the data on enrolment and number of teachers
whereas information on aspects like literacy, educational level of population, private
expenditure on education etc., is available only from households.
In India, a person aged 7 years and above who can both read and write with
understanding in any language has been taken as literate. The Adult Literacy rate (15+ Age
Group) is the percentage of population 15-24 years old who can both read and write with
understanding a short simple statement on everyday life. The adult literacy rate has shown an
upward trend for females as well as males. It has increased from 61% to 69.3% during the
period 2001-2011. This indicator, being a statement about the stock of human capital, is slow to
change. As per NSS 71st round findings, Adult Literacy rate stands 70.5% for year 2014.

Figure 1: Adult Literacy Rate (%)
90.0

90.0

80.0
70.0

73.4

60.0

61.0

50.0
40.0

78.8

80.0

69.3

70.0

59.3

60.0
50.0
40.0

47.8

30.0

30.0

20.0

20.0
25.6

10.0

19.6

0.0

10.0
0.0

2001
Gender Gap

2011
Total

Male

Female

(Based on the data in Table 4)

The bright line is that from 2001 to 2011, the increase in adult literacy rate was higher
among females than males and the gender gap was also narrowing down.
The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for a class-group is the ratio of the number of persons
in the class-group to the number of persons in the corresponding official age-group. Thrust on
providing primary education has yielded results with the GER presently exceeding hundred. The
progress is visible across the social categories and gender with GER for SC, ST and girls shooting
above hundred.

A1

Educational Statistics at a Glance

125.0

Figure 2: Trend in Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) among ST students at
Elementary level
120.5 118.7

114.2

119.7

120.0

114.8

115.0

114.5
105.0 105.5

110.0

100.6
103.0

105.0

105.9

101.8

103.7 104.0

104.4

100.0
95.0
2010-11

2011-12

2012-13
Male

Female

2013-14

2014-15

All

(Based on the data in Table 22C)

The GER for all persons in elementary education increased from 81.6% in 2000-01 to
96.9% (provisional figure) in 2014-15. At this level, the GER for boys and girls increased by 4.5
(from 90.3% to 94.8%) and 26.4 (from 72.4% to 99.2%) percentage point respectively during
the stipulated period.
Education is the single most important factor to ensure gender equality and
empowerment. The Gender Parity Index (GPI) is the ratio of the number of female students
enrolled at primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education to the corresponding number of
male student in each level. Thus GPI (based on GER) which is free from the effects of the
population structure of the appropriate age group, provides picture of gender equality in
education. During 2005-06 to 2014-15, substantial progress has been achieved towards gender
parity in education as revealed by GPI in the following figure:
F i g u r e 3 : T r e n d I n G e n d e r Pa r i t y I n d e x (G PI )
1.05
1.01

1.01

1.02

1.00
0.96

0.95

0.93

0.90

0.88

0.85

0.86

1.03
1.00

1.03
1.01

0.92

0.92

2013-14

2014-15

0.89
0.88

0.80
2010-11

2011-12

Primary

2012-13

Secondary

Higher Education

(Based on the data in Table 24)

At present, in elementary and secondary education, the enrolment is favourable to
females as the corresponding GPI has crossed the limit 1.
A2

Educational Statistics at a Glance

With improvement in the number of schools, facilities in schools and enrolment, the
annual dropout Rate at primary level has come down by 1.28 percentage point (from 5.62% in
2011-12 to 4.34% in 2013-14) for all category students. At this level, the Dropout rate for boys
and girls decreased by 1.36 (from 5.89% to 4.53%) and 1.2% (from 5.34% to 4.14%)
percentage point respectively during this period.
Figure 4: Dropout Rates (%) from 2011-12 to 2013-14 at primary level

7
5.89

6

5.62

5.34
4.68

5

4.67

4.66

4.53

4.14

4.34

4
3
2
1
0
Boys
2011-12

Girls
2012-13

All
2013-14

(Based on the data in Table 25A)

However, even as we contemplate with satisfaction the above remarkable achievements,
we need now to turn our attention to improving quality education in schools, especially in rural
area. To asses area-wise learning outcomes in four subject viz. English, Mathematics, Science
and Social Science, it has been observed that in all subjects, Urban Students outperform Rural
Students by large margin.
Figure 5: Mean Achievement Score of Students at National Level
263

265
260

257

256

257

255
250
245

247

247

247

244

240
235
230
English

Mathematics
Rural

Science

Social Science

Urban

(Based on the data in Table 14)
A3

Educational Statistics at a Glance


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