Transferable skills poster (PDF)

File information

This PDF 1.3 document has been generated by PowerPoint / Mac OS X 10.12.6 Quartz PDFContext, and has been sent on on 12/02/2018 at 22:58, from IP address 92.29.x.x. The current document download page has been viewed 185 times.
File size: 1.79 MB (1 page).
Privacy: public file

Document preview - Transferable skills poster.pdf - Page 1/1

File preview

Do Race and Education Affect
Our Generosity?
Jodie Krzyzanowski ■ Jorge Casanas Serrano ■ Afrodi) Giannakopoulou

§  African-Americans and Hispanics have been
shown to make the smallest donations to
charities (Steinberg & Wilhelm, 2005).
§  While Whites have been shown to make the
highest donations most frequently (Steinberg &
Wilhelm, 2005).

■ Data was extracted from Fong and Luttmer
(2009) who investigated effects of racial group
loyalty on generosity.

1,343 US respondents of different ethnicities.

(Wu, Huang & Kao, 2004).

§  Similarly, years of education and amount donated have been shown
to positively correlate with each other (Tiehen,2001).
§  Taking previous literature into account, it is hypothesised that:
①  White, non-hispanic individuals will donate more compared to any
other race. Moreover, those with a degree will donate more
compared to other education levels.

Results- Race
Chart 1. Mean donation given by race.
§  A significant effect was found
between race and donation.


Donation ($)

§  Race and education have both been found to
influence the likelihood of donating to charity.

§  No effect of education on donating has
been found, but the amount donated has been
shown to be impacted by education level


§  Post hoc tests showed a
significant effect between
White, non-hispanic and
Black, non-hispanic only.


Participants asked to divide $100 between
themselves and Hurricane Katrina victims.

White, non- Black, nonhispanic

3 variables of victims were manipulated:
1)  Income
2)  Worthiness
3)  Race


Non-hispanic 2+ races,


Results- Education
Chart 2. Mean donation given by education.
§  A non-significant effect was
found between education and

Data Subset
■ 2 variables were extracted from the original
data set to use in the current research:
1)  Race; 5 levels
2)  Education: 4 levels
■ 518

participants data were analysed.

■ A 2 way between subjects ANOVA conducted.


Donation ($)


§  No education differences found.

Less than high

High school

Some college



degree or higher

§  No interaction was found
between race and education.

Findings of the study suggest:
①  Generosity is affected by race but only when comparing between
White and Black non-hispanics.
②  Education, at any level, does not affect the amount donated.
③  Future research should aim to investigate the effects of race and
education on the frequency of donations also.
④  Previous literature implies that duration of years in education
leads to an increase in donation frequency.

1)  Steinberg, R., & Wilhelm, M. (2005). Religious and secular giving, by race and ethnicity. New Directions
for Philanthropic Fundraising, 2005(48), 57-66.
2)  Wang, L., & Graddy, E. (2008). Social capital, volunteering, and charitable giving. Voluntas: International
Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 19(1), 23.
3)  Tiehen, L. (2001). Tax policy and charitable contributions of money. National Tax Journal, 707-723
4)  Fong, C. M., & Luttmer, E. F. (2009). What determines giving to Hurricane Katrina victims? Experimental
evidence on racial group loyalty. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 1(2), 64-87.

Download Transferable skills poster

Transferable skills poster.pdf (PDF, 1.79 MB)

Download PDF

Share this file on social networks


Link to this page

Permanent link

Use the permanent link to the download page to share your document on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, or directly with a contact by e-Mail, Messenger, Whatsapp, Line..

Short link

Use the short link to share your document on Twitter or by text message (SMS)


Copy the following HTML code to share your document on a Website or Blog

QR Code to this page

QR Code link to PDF file Transferable skills poster.pdf

This file has been shared publicly by a user of PDF Archive.
Document ID: 0000733636.
Report illicit content