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Arthroscopic Surgery For The Treatment Of Rotator Cuff Tears .pdf



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Arthroscopic Surgery For The Treatment Of Rotator Cuff
Tears- Benefits & Complications

A rotator cuff is a group of tendons and muscles which surround the shoulder joint. It keeps the
head of the upper arm bone firmly within the shallow socket of the shoulder. It is the most
susceptible area for injuries. The common rotator injuries are tears, strains, tendinitis, and
bursitis.
Rotator cuff tears are caused when the tendons that connect the muscles to bones tears partially
or completely. The rotator cuff tears of the shoulder are potentially painful. Treatment for this
condition varies depending on the severity of signs and symptoms.
Pain is the most common symptom for rotator cuff tear, and due to the pain, you may not be able
to perform the daily activities. Other symptoms include:


Difficulty to sleep on the affected side



Trouble reaching behind the neck



Progressive weakness of the neck



Difficulty achieving full range of shoulder motion

If you are experiencing these symptoms for more than a week, then you must seek doctor’s
help.

Arthroscopic surgery
If you have a rotator cuff tear, it does not mean that you need to undergo surgery to fix it.
Persistent pain is the indication for surgery. Your doctor may recommend surgery if your pain
does not improve with nonsurgical methods or if you are active and using your arms for
overhead works or sports.
Your surgeon inserts an arthroscope and surgical instruments through small incisions.
The arthroscope is a small device that consists of a camera and displays pictures on the
television screen to facilitate viewing the injury for guiding the surgeon.
After the surgery, you will go for rehabilitation so that you can return to your normal activities.
Benefits of Arthroscopic Surgery
There are several benefits of the surgery. They include:


Minimal invasive: The surgery is less invasive compared to the open surgery as it is
performed through a series of small injections.



Less surgical risk: Compared to the open surgery, the risks with arthroscopic surgery are
less.



Less surgical pain: Little pain may be present for a week after which it subsides. Surgery
may relieve the painful symptoms of many problems that damage the rotator cuff
tendons, articular cartilage, labrum, and other soft tissues surrounding the joint.

Post-operative care
You need to follow certain instructions given by your surgeon. They include:


Avoid any bumps or knocks at the surgical area



Apply a cold compress to prevent swelling and bruising



Keep the arm in a sling



Practice exercise recommended by your physiotherapist



Take the medications as prescribed by the surgeon

You can restore your normal activities such as eating, driving, and using the telephone after
the arthroscopic surgery. But, you should not perform over-the-shoulder activities at least for
three months. The recovery depends on your physical and mental health, and adherence to your
doctor’s suggestions.
Complications
Specific complications of arthroscopic surgery include:


Infection



Permanent loss of motion or stiffness of the joint



Excessive bleeding of the joint



Damage to the surrounding blood vessel or nerves

Do not panic if you experience any of the symptoms that might indicate the need for surgery
and consult your doctor immediately. Taking immediate action can save you a lot of painful
symptoms and possible future complications.


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