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Osteoporosis .pdf

Original filename: Osteoporosis .pdf
Author: Swati bathwal

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Osteoporosis- The silent disease
Bones are tissues made up of calcium and other minerals. In people with osteoporosis,
bone tissue breaks down faster than it being replaced. The bones become thinner and
brittle and are more likely to break with pressure or after a fall. Bone loss happens without
any warning signs. This is why osteoporosis is called a “silent disease.”
Bone tissue is replaced regularly in a process called bone turnover. From childhood into
young adulthood, the body produces more than enough cells to replace those that die,
resulting in stronger, denser bones. By 25 years of age, bones are at peak bone mass
and at about 40 years of age, bone cells start to die at a more rapid rate than new cells
are produced. This starts a slow decline in bone mass, and may lead to the development
of osteoporosis.
Did you know there is a difference between Osteoarthritis and Osteoporosis. Former is
an issue of a joint cartilage whereas latter is an issue of bone density.
Following advice is imperative to osteoporosis – to make your bones stronger!
1. It firstly begins with a healthy habit – Quit smoking and excessive alcohol
consumption. Both smoke and alcohol reduce bone density and hence, make your
bone loss rate faster. Women who smoke produce less estrogen and experience
menopause earlier and hence, greater chances of osteoporosis.
2. Get appropriate calcium intake- If you are a vegan, don’t worry we still have plenty
of calcium rich food options for you. Calcium recommendation varies from
individual. Women and men 19 to 49 years of age, pregnant or breast-feeding
women need 1,000mg of calcium per day. Individuals taking corticosteroids,
postmenopausal women who aren’t taking estrogen supplements and women and
men age 50 and more need 1,200 mg per day.
Calcium rich food sources are all green leafy vegetables like mustard greens, kale,
chard, fenugreek, turnip leaves, panshi, colocassia leaves, amaranth leaves, spinach,
radish leaves, chinese cabbage, cauliflower stem, broccoli stems , sesame,
chickpeas, tofu, dairy and dairy products, almonds, almond milk, broccoli, watercress,
bok choy, chia seeds, amaranth, ragi and mostly all millets, figs, small fish with bones.
3. Did you know vitamin D increases the calcium absorption from food. If you expose
to the sun unprotected for 10-15 minutes a day, body makes 10,000 IU of vitamin
D a day. So literally vitamin D costs us nothing. Talk to a doctor about which
supplement is best. Vitamin D increases the amount of calcium the body absorbs
from foods. Skin cells make vitamin D when exposed to sunlight. Other food

sources of vitamin D include liver, fish oil, vitamin D fortified milk and other foods
and supplements.
4. Exercise- Exercises to strengthen bones. This will assist in maintaining bone
mass.Weight-bearing and resistance exercises are especially beneficial. Weight
bearing and resistive exercise for 30 minutes daily, five days a week is usually
recommended. You can exercise for 10 minutes to 15 minutes at a time and then
take a break.

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