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kno palon kori na .pdf



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ÔGwcÖj dzjÕ †Kb cvjb Kwi bv?
g‚j : kvqLzj Bmjvg gzdwZ ZvwK Dmgvwb
Abzev` : mvgxDi ingvb kvgxg

GwcÖj dzj †Kb cvjb Kwi bv?
gzdwZ ZvwK Dmgvwb
mv‡eK cÖavb wePvicwZ, kwiqv Avwcj †eÂ, mzwcÖg‡KvU©, cvwK¯Ívb
kvqLzj nvw`m, `viæj Djzg KivwP, cvwK¯Ívb
¯’vqx m`m¨ I mn-mfvcwZ , gRgDj wdKwnj Bmjvwg, †RÏv, mDw` Avie
m`m¨, BmjvwgK †Wfjc‡g›U e¨vsK †RÏv, mDw` Avie

Abzev` : mvgxDi ingvb kvgxg
wk¶v_©x, Bs‡iwR wefvM
Av‡gwiKvb B›Uvib¨vkbvj BDwbfvwm©wU-evsjv‡`k (AIUB), XvKv

ˆ`wbK Rs-G †jLv kvqLzj Bmjvg gzdwZ ZvwK Dmgvwb (`vgvZ eviKvZzûg) mv‡n‡ei Kjv‡gi m¼jb
'whKi I wdKi' MÖ‡š’i 66 †_‡K 70 c…ôv e¨vcx Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q 'GwcÖj dzj' wb‡q| D`©z‡Z †jLv cÖeÜwU
1994 m‡b †jLv| ZLb Avgvi Rb¥I nq wb| Áv‡bi ¯^íZv m‡Ë¡I Abzev‡` nvZ w`‡qwQ| KviY GKwUB,
GwcÖj dzj bvgK †h Acms¯‹…wZ ax‡i ax‡i Avgv‡`i mgv‡R cÖ‡ek Ki‡Q, Zvi †iva Kiv|

Abyev`K

GwcÖj dzj
gzdwZ ZvwK Dmgvwb
ez‡S bv ez‡S cwðgv‡`i AbzKiY Avgv‡`i gv‡S †hmKj cÖ_vi Rb¥ w`‡q‡Q, Zvi GKwU n‡jv ÔGwcÖj dzjÕ
cvj‡bi Acms¯‹…wZ| cqjv GwcÖ‡ji w`b GwcÖj dzj cvj‡bi bv‡g wg_¨v e‡j, KvD‡K †avuKv w`‡q †evKv
evbv‡bv‡K ˆeaZv †Zv †`qv n‡qB‡Q, †mB mv‡_ GwU Pi‡gvrKl© KvR wn‡m‡e cwiYZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| †h hZ
ˆbczY¨ I PZziZvi mv‡_ KvD‡K †ewk †evKv evbv‡Z cv‡i, †m ZZ †ewk evnev cvq Ges w`emwUi D‡Ïk¨
c‚i‡Y mdj nq|
GB gRv Kiv‡K (g‚jZ e`gvBwk) †K›`Ö K‡i bv-Rvwb KZ †jvK kvixwiK-gvbwmK-Avw_©K ¶wZi m¤§zLxb
n‡q‡Q| KL‡bv KL‡bv †Zv A‡b‡Ki g…Z¨zI n‡q‡Q| Ggb NUbv N‡U‡Q †h, KvD‡K Ggb wg_¨v msev`
†kvbv‡bv n‡q‡Q, hv †kvbvi R‡b¨ wZwb †gv‡UI cÖ¯ÍzZ wQ‡jb bv, ï‡b mn¨ Ki‡Z bv †c‡i `zwbqv †Q‡o‡Qb|
G KzcÖ_vi wfwË wg_¨v, cÖZviYv I †Kv‡bv †ePviv‡K †avuKv w`‡q †evKv evbv‡bv| PvwiwÎK ˆewk‡ó¨i w`K w`‡q
KZUv wbgœgv‡bi Zv †Zv cÖKvk¨| wKš‘ Gi HwZnvwmK wfwËI GmKj †jvK‡`i R‡b¨ P‚ovšÍ j¾vi| G
NUbvi GKwU †Kv‡bvfv‡e nhiZ Bmv AvjvBwnm mvjv‡gi B¾Z, m¤§vb I gh©v`vi mv‡_ m¤úK©hz³|
G cÖ_vi DrcwË Kxfv‡e n‡jv?—G wb‡q HwZnvwmK‡`i wewfbœ gZvgZ i‡q‡Q| wKQz HwZnvwm‡Ki e³e¨,
dÖv‡Ý mßg kZvãxi Av‡M eQ‡ii ïiæ Rvbzqvwii cwie‡Z© GwcÖj gv‡m n‡Zv| G gvmwU‡K †ivgvbiv Zv‡`i
†`ex Ô‡fbv‡mÕi mv‡_ m¤ú…³ K‡i m¤§vwbZ g‡b Ki‡Zv| †fbvm‡K wMÖK fvlvq ÔAv‡dÖvw`wZÕ ev
ÔAv‡dÖvWvBwUÕ (Aphrodite) e‡j| m¤¢eZ GB wMÖK bvg †_‡KB GwcÖj gv‡mi bvgKiY n‡q‡Q|
[GbmvB‡K¬v‡cwWqv weÖ‡UwbKv, 15Zg GwWkb, L. 8, c…. 292]
Aci †jLK‡`i g‡Z, †h‡nZz cqjv GwcÖj eQ‡ii cÖ_g w`b wQj, †mB mv‡_ GKwU ag©xq gh©v`v wQj,
†m‡nZz w`bwU‡K †jv‡Kiv GKwU Drm‡ei w`b wn‡m‡e cvjb Ki‡Zv| G Drm‡ei Ask wQj gkKiv, nvwm,
VvÆv BZ¨vw`| hv Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b AvR‡Ki GwcÖj dz‡j iƒc wb‡q‡Q| †KD †KD e‡jb, G Drm‡ei w`‡b
G‡K Aci‡K Dcnvi w`‡Zv| GKevi †KD Dcnvi †`qvi bv‡g gRv K‡i, Zv Ae‡k‡l mK‡ji gv‡S †Q‡q
hvq Ges cÖ_vq iƒc †bq|
weÖ‡UwbKvq Gi Av‡iKwU KviY eY©bv Kiv n‡q‡Q| gv‡PiÖ 12 ZvwiL †_‡K FZz‡Z cwieZ©b Avm‡Z _v‡K|
G cwieZ©b‡K wKQz †jvK Gfv‡e e¨vL¨v K‡i †h, (gvAvhvjøvn) Ck¦i Avgv‡`i mv‡_ gkKiv K‡i Avgv‡`i
†evKv evbv‡”Qb! †mmgq †jv‡Kiv G‡K Ab¨‡K †evKv evbv‡bv ïiæ K‡i w`‡jv|
[weÖ‡UwbKv, L 1, c…. 492]
cÖkœ `vuovq, GB Kw_Z ÔgkKivÕi cÖ_vi Øviv ÔCk¦‡iÕi AvbzMZ¨ D‡Ïk¨ bv wK ÔCk¦‡iÕi mv‡_ cÖwZ‡hvwMZv ev
cÖwZ‡kva D‡Ïk¨?

Z…Zxq Av‡iKwU KviY wLÖ÷xq wesk kZvãxi cÖwm× GbmvB‡K¬v‡cwWqv Ôjv‡iŠ‡mÕ (Grand Larousse
encyclopédique) ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| †mLv‡b Z…Zxq KviYwU‡K mwVK e‡j D‡jøL Kiv n‡q‡Q| mwVK nIqvi
KviY wn‡m‡e ejv n‡q‡Q, †mLv‡b DwjøwLZ NUbvwU Bûw` I wLÖ÷vb RM‡Zi mKj wbfiÖ‡hvM¨ m‚Î Abzhvqx
mwbœ‡ewkZ n‡q‡Q| †mLv‡b ejv n‡q‡Q, cqjv GwcÖj †mB w`b, †hw`b †ivgvb I Bûw`iv nhiZ Bmv Av.-‡K
wb‡q Dcnvm I we`Ö‚c K‡iwQj| evB‡e‡j GwU ewY©Z n‡q‡Q :
Ò‡mB e¨w³ †h Zv‡K (hxï wLÖ÷‡K) †MÖdZvi K‡iwQj, †m Zv‡K Avovj †_‡K gvi‡Zv, Zvi P¶zØq eÜ K‡i
gz‡L gvi‡Zv Ges ej‡Zv, †Zvgvi ¶gZv w`‡q e‡jv, †Zvgvq †K †g‡i‡Q? GQvovI Zv‡K Mvwj w`‡Zv Ges
bvbvfv‡e we`Ö‚c Ki‡Zv|Ó
[jzK, 22:23 †_‡K 25]
evB‡ej †_‡K Rvbv hvq, cÖ_‡g hxï wLÖ÷‡K Bûw` mi`vi I wePviK‡`i D”P Av`vj‡Z †bqv nq| †mLvb
†_‡K Zvui wePv‡ii Rb¨ Zvu‡K wcjvZ‡mi (Bs‡iwR‡Z cvB‡jU; Pontius Pilate) wePvivj‡q †bqv n‡jv|
wcjvZm Zvu‡K †ni‡W‡mi (Bs‡iwR‡Z †n‡iW; Herod Antipas) wePvivj‡q cvVv‡jv| †ni‡Wm czbivq
Zvu‡K wcjvZ‡mi wbKU cvVv‡jv|
jv‡iŠ‡mi e³e¨ n‡jv, hxï wLÖ÷‡K GK Av`vjZ †_‡K Aci Av`vj‡Z cvVv‡bvi D‡Ïk¨ wQj Zvui mv‡_
VvÆv-gkKiv Kiv Ges Kó †`qv| Avi G NUbv wQj GwcÖ‡ji cÖ_g w`bKvi| Avi †mLvb †_‡KB GwcÖj
dz‡ji DrcwË| hv Ggb j¾vKi NUbvi ¯§…wZ|
GwcÖj dzj wn‡m‡e hv‡K †evKv evbv‡bv nq, Zv‡K divwm (‡dÖÂ) fvlvq Poisson d'avril ejv nq| hvi
Bs‡iwR April Fish A_©vr GwcÖ‡ji gvQ| [weÖ‡UwbKv, L. 1, c…. 496]| Gi A_© n‡jv, †h e¨w³‡K †evKv
evbv‡bv n‡jv, †m GwcÖ‡ji cÖ_g wkKvi Kiv gvQ| wKš‘ jv‡iŠ‡mi g‡Z, †dÖ kã Poisson hvi A_© ÔgvQÕ,
hv wKbv †dև Gi g‡ZvB Av‡iKwU kã Posion Gi weK…Z iƒc| hvi A_©, ÔKó †`qvÕ, ÔAZ¨vPvi KivÕ|
GRb¨ †h GB cÖ_v †mB Kó I AZ¨vPv‡ii K_v ¯§iY Kivq, hv wKbv wLÖ÷xq eY©vbv g‡Z, hxï wLÖ÷‡K Kiv
n‡qwQj|
Aci GK divwm M‡el‡Ki e³e¨ n‡jv, g‚jZ Poisson kãwU wbR iƒ‡cB i‡q‡Q| Z‡e GwU cvuPwU k‡ãi
wgwjZ iƒc| k㸇jvi A_©, †dÖ fvlvq h_vµ‡g ÔhxïÕ, ÔwLÖ÷Õ, ;Ck¦iÕ, ÔczÎÕ GesÔwcÖqÕ| GB †jL‡Ki
g‡ZI GwcÖj dz‡ji †Mvovi K_v n‡jv, GwU hxï wLÖ‡÷i mv‡_ Kiv VvÆv-we`Ö‚c I Zvu‡K Kó †`qvi BwZnvm|
hw` G¸‡jv mZ¨ n‡q _v‡K (j‡iŠm Ges Ab¨vb¨iv Lze †Rvi w`‡qB GwU‡K mwVK e‡j‡Q Ges †idv‡iÝI
w`‡q‡Q) †Zv cwi®‹vi avibv GwUB †h, GwU nq‡Zv Bûw`iv Pvjz K‡iwQj, Avi Zv‡`i D‡Ïk¨ hxï wLÖ÷‡K
wb‡q nvwm-VvÆv Kiv| wKš‘ Avd‡mv‡mi welq n‡jv, hw`I GwU Bûw`iv Pvjz K‡i‡Q hxï wLÖ÷‡K we`Ö‚c K‡i,
Zez wLÖ÷vbiv †Kv‡bvfv‡e LzeB Drmv‡ni mv‡_ GwU‡K MÖnY †Zv K‡iB wb‡q‡Q, †mB mv‡_ GwU cvjb Kiv
QvovI, GwU‡K cÖ_v wn‡m‡e cÖwZwôZ K‡i‡Q wb‡R‡`i mgv‡R| Gi GKwU KviY GI n‡Z cv‡i †h wLÖ÷vbiv
Gi mwVK BwZnvm m¤ú‡K© IqvwKenvj bq| fvebv wPšÍv bv K‡iB Zviv G cÖ_v cvjb ïiæ K‡i w`‡q‡Q| GI
n‡Z cv‡i †h wLÖ÷vb‡`i G e¨vcv‡i wPšÍvaviv Avjv`v wKsev A™¢zZ| †hgb Zv‡`i g‡Z †h µz‡k Szwj‡q hxï

wLÖ÷‡K nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q, we‡e‡Ki K_v †Zv G-B †h, Zv‡`i wbKU G µzk Lze N…Yvi e¯Íz n‡e| †Kbbv G‡Z
Pwo‡qB hxï wLÖ÷‡K nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q| A_P Zv‡`i Kv‡Q G µzkB n‡jv wM‡q cweÎ wRwbm! GLb GwU
wLÖ÷vb a‡giÖ me‡P‡q eo wPý|
hvB †nvK, DcwiD³ Av‡jvPbv †_‡K ezSv †M‡jv, GwcÖj dzj Ô‡fbvmÕ bvwg †`exi mv‡_ m¤úK©hz³| A_ev
(gvAvhvjøvn) GwU‡K Ck¦‡ii gkKiv I Zvui mv‡_ cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi D‡Ïk¨ †_‡K ïiæ n‡q‡Q| A_ev Cmv Av.‡K wb‡q VvÆv-we`Ö‚c Kivi D‡Ïk¨ †_‡K ïiæ n‡q‡Q| me©ve¯’vq G KzcÖ_v Avgv‡`i †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv RNb¨
wPšÍvavivi mv‡_ m¤úK©hz³ Ki‡Q| Avi gzmjgv‡bi `…wófw½‡Z G cÖ_v wb‡gœv³ ¸bvnmg‚‡ni mgMÖ :
1| wg_¨v ejv;
2| †avuKv †`qv;
3| Aci‡K Kó †`qv;
4| Ggb GKwU NUbvi mv‡_ m¤úwK©Z †h, nq GwU g‚wZ©-c‚Rvi, A_ev e¨w³-c‚Rvi, A_ev GKRb bexi
e¨vcv‡i †eAv`we I VvÆvi D‡Ïk|
GLb gzmwjg‡`i wb‡R wm×všÍ wb‡Z n‡e †h, G KzcÖ_v‡K cvjb K‡i Zv wb‡R‡`i mvgvwRKZvi AšÍf©z³
Ki‡e wK bv?
Avjøvn ZvAvjvi ïKwiqv †h, Avgv‡`i mgv‡R GwcÖj dzj cvj‡bi cÖeYZv Lze †ewk bq| wKš‘ cÖwZeQi wKQz
Lei cvIqv hvq †h, wKQz †jvK GwcÖj dzj cvjb Ki‡Q| hviv bv ez‡S GwU cvjb K‡ib, Zviv hw` Gi g‚j
BwZnvm I D‡Ïk¨ Mfxifv‡e wPšÍv K‡ib, Z‡e Aek¨B GwU †_‡K weiZ _vKvi g‡g©v`&&NvU‡b m¶g n‡eb|
14 kvIqvj, 1414 wn.
27 gvP©, 1994 Bs.


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