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anglik 13 .pdf


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Thanksgiving

rnanrciivini

Day in the United States is celebrated on the fourth

rhursdiy in November. lt is a day when Americans give thanks for
all the blessings received during the year and honor the early

settlers and their first harvest feast.
the
The holiday started in New England and it dates back to 1621year after the Pilgrims arrived in Nońh America, ln 162O the
Pilgrims left Plymouth in England on a ship called the Mayflower,
The ship's 102 passengers were religious separatists looking for a
new home in America, where they could practice their religion
freely, On December 11, 1620, after 66 days at sea, the Pilgrims
Rock,
reached a place in North America which they called Plymouth
had
They
settlers,
for
the
difficult
very
Was
Winter
The first
food, many of them got sick and about half of them died before
The survivors turned for help to the local lndians, who were

little

]

spring,
and
very f-riendly and taught the setllers how to build shelters, hunt
got
better
Things
crops,
pumpkin
other
and
plant
corn,
catch fish,
Pilgrims in 1621 when the harvest turned otlt tó be

for the

abundant and so they decided to celebrate and give thanks to God,
to their harvest feast, which lasted for three days, The
ln the fall at 1621,the Plymouth colonists invited the lndians
plymouth to other New England colonies, and in 1863
from
spread
soon
custom of celebrating Thanksgiving
as the national day for Thanksgiving, ln many
Abraham Lincoln officially set a'sidJtne last Thursday of November
Traditional Thanksgiving food usual|y
celebration,
family
a
mainly
is
American households toda!, Thanksgiving
pie. lt is estimated that about 46 million turkeys are killed in
inc|udes roast turkey, mashed potatoe§ and pumpkin
the
5ince the first half of the 20th century presidents of
lnterestinglv,
the United States each year for Thanksgiving.
a
to
the
birds
year,
sending
each
turkeys
United states have 'pardoned' or rru"Jth. life of one or two Thanksgiving
farm for retirement,
lndependence Day
usA, honours the Declaration of lndependence on July
The fourth ofJuly, also known as tndependence Day in the
Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the

lh, L776.The Declaration was adopied during the American
states of America,
thińeen origina! colonies, which declared independence as the united

reason for it Was that the colonists did not like being
The conflict started in April 1775 in Massachusetts. The main
angry that they had no say in the decisions that
were
they
government,
and
taxed and governed by the British
give Up itsterritories and influence in America,
affected them and the colonies. Howeveą Britain was notwillingto
years
before Americans won the War, The War of
lttook8
great
army,
and attempted to cru§h the rebellion With its
the end of British rule and the beginning ofthe new
lndependence formally ended on september 3, 1783, marking
nation- the united states of America,
a letter explaining_the reasons why the American
|nterestingly, the Declaration of lndependence was actually
by Thomas Jefferson and sent to the Brifish king
written
Britain,
colonists voted to declare independence from Great
American independence,
ć"org" on July 4th, 1776. The date is now celebrated as the birth of

Groundhog Day

popular

Groundhol Da!, celebrated on February 2nd, is a
tradition in the United States, On this day a groundhog
named Phil comes out of his hole in Punxsutawney,
his
Pennsylvania, after his long winter sleep to look for
shadow.

lf Phil sees his shadow, we're supposed to have six more
to
weeks of winter. lf he doesn't see it, Winter is supposed
end earlier.
in
lnterestingly, February 2nd has long been celebrated
to
back
dates
tradition
American
The
cultures.
different
are
the end of the 19th century, and although the origins
Day,
Cand|emas
with
similarities
some
it
shares
uncleai
which is also on February 2.

a
a

?

ę


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