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Under the high auspices of the

22nd

Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts

European Meeting
of the Paleopathology
Association Sheraton Hotel, Zagreb, Croatia
August 28th – September 1st 2018

BOOK

OF ABSTRACTS

Published by:
•–‹–—–‡ˆ‘”–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ‡•‡ƒ”…Šǡƒ‰”‡„ǡ”‘ƒ–‹ƒ
For the publisher:
Saša Missoni
Editors:
Mario Novak, Barbara Cvitkušić, Ivor Janković, Morana Jarec, Saša Missoni
Cover photo:
ƒ”‹‘‘˜ƒ
Graphic layout and design:
Ivo Mađor
ISBN:
ͻ͹ͺǦͻͷ͵ǦͺͲͻʹǦͳͳǦͶ
Zagreb, 2018

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
KEY-NOTE LECTURES
A HISTORY OF PALEOPATHOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN CROATIA WITH EMPHASIS ON
RECENT INVESTIGATIONS DEALING WITH THE WAYS IN WHICH LOW INTENSITY,
ENDEMIC WARFARE AFFECTS HEALTH -------------------------------------------------------------------1
Mario ŠLAUS

NEANDERTAL PALEOPATHOLOGY: A TENTATIVE SYNTHESIS --------------------------------------1
”‡† Ǥ  ǡƒ”‹ƒǤ 
MOLECULAR DETECTION OF ANCIENT PATHOGENS IN THE ERA OF BIG DATA ----------------1
‹”•–‡ Ǥ



SYMPOSIA

The ecology of climate change and infectious diseases: A gateway between past
and present ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2
DEBUNKING THE “HUMAN ECTOPARASITE HYPOTHESIS --------------------------------------------2
Ž‡ ޔ‰‡ ǡƒˆˆƒ‡ŽŽƒ 
DISEASE DYNAMICS IN THE HOLOCENE LEVANT AS REFLECTED FROM THE MIDDLE
EAR ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2
ƒ–ƒ”‹ƒ ǡ ‹Žƒ

MOLECULAR DETECTION OF DISEASES FROM THE EUROPEAN LITTLE ICE AGE IN
MECHELEN, BELGIUM ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
ƒ”‡Ǥ
ǡƒ–”‹‡ ǡ‘ oǡ ‡Ž‹šǤǡ—•ƒƒ ǡŽ‡šƒ†‡”

ǡ‹”•–‡ Ǥ

PARASITIC INFECTION IN A MARSHLAND CLIMATE: THE BRONZE AGE PILE DWELLING
SETTLEMENT OF MUST FARM, UK (920-790 BC) -------------------------------------------------------3
ƒ”‹••ƒǤ
ǡŽ‹•ƒ„‡–Š
  ǡƒ†‹  ǡƒ…Š‡Žǡƒ”
ǡ
‹‡”•Ǥ  
THE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE ON TUBERCULOSIS EVOLUTION IN THE LATE
PLEISTOCENE/EARLY HOLOCENE --------------------------------------------------------------------------4
ƒ˜‹†   



PARASITES AND CLIMATE IN MEDIEVAL IBERIA: INTESTINAL PARASITES IN SIX
ISLAMIC PERIOD CESSPITS FROM CÓRDOBA (SPAIN) AND MÉRTOLA (PORTUGAL) ---------4
‹‡”•Ǥ  ǡ‡Žƒ‡›ǡ‹ŽŽ‹ƒ  ǡƒ”‹••ƒǤ
ǡ‡‘‘”SǦ
 ǡ ‘”†2Ǧ
 ǡƒˆƒ‡Ž2ǡƒ”‹ƒ†‡ ž–‹ƒ



BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

DROUGHT, POLITICAL DECLINE, AND TUBERCULOSIS IN HUARI, PERU -------------------------5
Ž‹œƒ„‡–ŠǤǡ†‹–›ƒ—ƒ” ǡƒ”‹ƒǡ%•Š‹Ž† Ǥ%
ǡŽ‡šƒ†‡”

ǡ‹ˆˆ‹›Ǥ
ǡ‹”•–‡ Ǥ

ANCIENT MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE GENOMES REVEAL AN UNEXPECTED DIVERSITY OF
LEPROSY IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE ----------------------------------------------------------------------------5
‡”‡ƒ ǡŠƒ”Ž‘––‡ ǡ‡ǦǡŽ‡šƒ†‡” ǡŽ‡šƒ†‡”

ǡƒ”ƒŠ  ǡ‹…Šƒ‡Žǡ—•Š’‡†”ƒ 
ǡ ‡•’‡”ǡ ‡Ž‡Ǥ

ǡ‘‹ƒ—–Š ǡ†”‡Œ ǡƒ› ǡ–‡™ƒ”–ǡ ‘Šƒ‡•




SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES AND MALARIA INFECTION IN KOREA BEFORE 20TH
CENTURY ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6
‘‰ ‘‘ ǡ‹ǡ ‘‰ ƒ 
ǡ—Œ—



Anthropology of violence - Soldiers, warriors and everyday life ------------------------6
NEW INSIGHTS FROM TRAUMA ANALYSIS OF SKELETAL REMAINS FROM THE
BENEDICTINE MONASTERY IN BIJELA, CROATIA -------------------------------------------------------6
Željka BEDIĆ, Andrej JANEŠ, Mario ŠLAUS
THE COUNT GUECELLO II OF PRATA, A FREDERICK II HOHENSTAUFEN'S LIEUTENANT.
PALEOPATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN A MEDIEVAL KNIGHT -----------------------------------------6
•–‡” ǡƒ”‹ƒŽ—‹•ƒǡƒ”‹‘  ǡƒ‘Žƒ  ǡ ƒ„‹‘

ANTHROPOLOGY OF VIOLENCE: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY FRAMEWORK ------------------------7
ƒ„‹‘ 



“TO DIE BUT DO NOT FALL BACK”. ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDY OF SKELETAL REMAINS
OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR SOLDIERS --------------------------------------------------------------------7
‹•ƒǡƒ”‹‘  ǡMarialuisa CECERE, Tomaž FABEC, Fabio CAVALLI



GOING BALLISTIC: IDENTIFYING SLING SHOT INJURIES IN PREHISTORIC EUROPE -----------8
‹†ƒ 

CRANIAL TRAUMA FROM MONGOLIA: CONFLICT, CRIME AND/OR PUNISHMENT -------------8
—†‹–Š ‡Ž‡ ǡ”—‘    ǡ•‡†

ǡƒ—Ž



THE "TERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE": THE ORIGIN OF WARFARE IN THE SOUTHERN
LEVANT ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8
‹Žƒǡ”› 
A NEW COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE SITE FROM EARLY NEOLITHIC CENTRAL EUROPE: THE
MASS GRAVE OF HALBERSTADT AND ITS CONTEXTUAL INTERPRETATION -------------------9
Š”‹•–‹ƒǡ‘”‹ƒ ǡ‹…‘Ž‡   ǡ‰‡Ž‹ƒoǡŽƒˆo ǡ‡‹–
ǡ ƒ”ƒŽ†ǡ—”–Ǥ




BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

HEAD WOUNDS BY FIREARM AND SHARP WEAPON AT THE S. MARTINO BATTLE (1859,
ITALY) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9
‹‘ƒ  ǡƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 ǡ
‹‘  
CARE AND CONSEQUENCES OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY IN NEOLITHIC SWEDEN -------10
ƒ
ǡƒ”• 



EVIDENCE FOR INTER-PERSONAL CONFLICT IN EARLY MEDIEVAL SÄBEN-SABIONA,
ITALY -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10
ƒ‹‡ŽƒǡŽ‹…‡ ǡŽ„‡”– 



Source combination in paleopathology. Paleopathography at the frontier
between history and medicine -------------------------------------------------------------------11
COMBINING PALEOPATHOGRAPHY AND PALEOPATHOLOGY: THE EXAMPLE OF THE
MEDICI, GRAND DUKES OF FLORENCE -------------------------------------------------------------------11
ƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 ǡ
‹‘   



INCORPORATING MEDICAL RECORDS IN PALEOPATHOLOGY: INVESTIGATING
RESPIRATORY DISEASE IN POST-MEDIEVAL LONDON ----------------------------------------------11
ƒ”ƒ–‡ŽŽƒ 



WHEN AND HOW WERE HELMINTHS ERADICATED IN ENGLAND? -------------------------------12
ƒƒŠǡƒ–”‹ ǡ†”‹ƒ  ǡ
”‡‰‡”



THE SECRET BEHIND NATURAL SOPRANOS: PALEOPATHOLOGY OF THE CASTRATO
GASPARE PACCHIEROTTI -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------12
Ž„‡”–‘


REGULAR CONFERENCE PROGRAM


A CASE OF TUBERCULOSIS OF THE HIP JOINT IN AN ADOLESCENT OF A MODERN
(19TH - 20TH C.) ITALIAN IDENTIFIED SKELETAL COLLECTION ---------------------------------13
‹‘ƒ  ǡƒŽ‡–‹ƒ  ǡƒ”‹ƒ
‹‘˜ƒƒ



NEW INSIGHTS OF LEPROSY FROM SOUTH-EASTERN FRANCE -----------------------------------13
ƒ
ǡ˜”‹Ž ǡŽ‘Õ‡  ǡ‡  ǡŠ‹Ž‹’’‡ 

CRIBRA FEMORALIS: ISSUES SURROUNDING AETIOLOGY AND STANDARDISED
RECORDING -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------14
‡‹ˆ‡”ǡƒ”›Ǥ 

CAN FEMORAL BONE SHAPE BE TRUSTED AS AN INDICATOR FOR LIFESTYLE? --------------14
ƒ†ƒ•‡ƒŠ ǡ‹…–‘”‹ƒǡ—–Š
Ǧ
ǡ ”ƒo  ǡ ‹Žƒ
GRANULOMA AND TERATOMA IN A PROBABLE POTTER FROM ANCIENT NUBIA -----------15
”‡†ƒ Ǥ

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

INFLICTED TRAUMA AMONG THE PICENI POPULATION FROM IRON AGE NECROPOLIS
OF NOVILARA (ITALY – PESARO, 8TH-7TH C. BC) ----------------------------------------------------15
‹…Šƒ‡ŽŽŽ‡ǡ‹–ƒ  ǡŠ‹ƒ”ƒ 

HUMAN SKELETAL REMAINS FOR SALE: A REASSESSMENT OF ETHICAL PRACTICES IN
THE UNITED STATES -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16
‘„„‹‡ƒš‹‡ ǡƒ”ƒŠ•ŠŽ›

RESULTS OF THE ITALIAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCHES
IN SUDAN AT JEBEL BARKAL (2016-2017) -------------------------------------------------------------16
”ƒ…‡•…ƒ ǡ ”ƒ…‡•…ƒ   ǡ ‡†‡”‹…ƒ ǡƒ”–‹‘
ǡƒ—‡Ž‡
   ǡ‘Šƒ‡†

HEALTH STATUS OF A LATE ANTIQUITY HUMAN POPULATION FROM PIAZZA
CORRUBBIO-VERONA, ITALY -------------------------------------------------------------------------------17
”ƒ…‡•…ƒ ǡƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 ǡ‘„‡”–‘ ǡ ”ƒ…‡•…‘
 ǡ
ƒ‹‡Žƒ 

THE MIDDLE AGE BURIALS OF DOGALETTO DI MIRA (VE): CASES OF CONTEMPORARY
DEATHS OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN ---------------------------------------------------------------------17
”ƒ…‡•…ƒ ǡ‹‡”ƒŽŽ‡‰”ƒ 
A HISTOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF CALCIFIED SOFT TISSUE
MATERIAL IN SKELETAL REMAINS, PROCEDURES DISTINGUISHING ATHEROSCLEROTIC
PLAQUES AND OSSIFYING COSTAL CARTILAGE -------------------------------------------------------18
—…‹‡  Ǧ
ǡƒ—‡Žƒǡ”‹•–‹ƒ
THE CAL MILANO CEMETERY SKELETAL COLLECTION: A MODERN AND DOCUMENTED
ITALIAN IDENTIFIED SKELETAL COLLECTION --------------------------------------------------------18
—…‹‡  Ǧ
ǡ‹”‘ ǡ‡„‘”ƒ ǡ”‹•–‹ƒ

NON-ADULTS BURIALS FROM A BYZANTINE PERIOD CEMETERY IN TROGIR, CROATIA ---19
Michaela BINDER, Paul KLOSTERMANN, Lujana PARAMAN, Marina UGARKOVIĆ, Martin

SPINAL LIGAMENTOUS OSSIFICATIONS IN A YOUNG ADULT OF 13TH CENTURY FROM
THE MEDIEVAL SITE OF ALGHERO LO QUARTER (SASSARI, SARDINIA, ITALY) --------------19
ƒ  ǡƒ•“—ƒŽ‡ ǡƒ”…‘ 

IN SILICO SCREENING METHODS IN DETECTION OF ANCIENT TUBERCULOSIS (aTB) ------19
Paulina BORÓWKA, ŁukaszPUŁASKI, Błażej MARCINIAK, Beata BOROWSKAǦSTRUGIŃSKA,
Elżbieta ŻĄDZIŃSKA, Jarosław DZIADEK, Wiesław LORKIEWICZ, Dominik STRAPAGIEL

HYPEROSTOSIS FRONTALIS INTERNA IN THE BRITISH ROYAL NAVY (1750-1815) ----------20
‡”‹†™‡
AGE ESTIMATION FROM BONE MINERAL DENSITY: THE INFLUENCE OF OSTEOPOROSIS
ON ESTIMATES -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------21
‡‘ƒ ǡ‹‡Ž•ǡƒ”›ƒ
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

NEW INSIGHTS ON NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES AT THE CIVITAS CAPITAL OF
AVENTICUM IN ROMAN SWITZERLAND (1ST-3RD C. AD) -------------------------------------------21
Š”›••ƒ

OSTEOLYTIC METAPHYSEAL LESIONS AND A CALCIFIED CYST IN A PRE-FARMING
(6700-6200 BP) SKELETAL ASSEMBLAGE FROM NORTHERN VIETNAM: POSSIBLE
HYDATIDS DISEASE -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22
ƒŽŽ‹‡—–Šǡ‘‹…ƒǡƒ”… ǡ ‹‡’ ‘ƒ‰  ǡƒ–‡ǡƒ
  
THE FRUIT OF THE LOOM. PALEOPATHOLOGICAL RESULTS ABOUT ACTIVITIES
RELATED TO SPINNING AND WEAVING IN ROMAN TIME -------------------------------------------22
ŽŽ‡•ƒ†”‘ ǡ‹–ƒ  ǡ‡…‹Ž‹ƒ

THREE BRONZE AGE TREPANATIONS FROM CROATIA ----------------------------------------------23
Mario CARIĆ, Dinko TRESIĆ PAVIČIĆ, Ilija MIKIĆ, Ivor JANKOVIĆ, Mislav ČAVKA, Mario NOVAK



INTRABONE STABLE ISOTOPE VARIATION IN SKELETONS WITH PATHOLOGICAL
LESIONS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------23
ƒǡƒ–”‹… ǡ‡Ǧ ”ƒ…‡ǡ”‹•–‹ƒǦ ǡ‡”‡•ƒ
ǡ
‡”ƒŽ†‹‡  
SKELETAL DEVELOPMENTAL ANOMALIES ACROSS THE GENEALOGICALLY
DOCUMENTED SAMPLE (BOHEMIA, 19TH TO 20TH CENTURIES) --------------------------------23
Jan CVRČEKǡVítězslav KUŽELKA, Ondřej NAŇKA, Sylva KAUPOVÁ, Jaroslav BRŮŽEK, Petr
Az
MICROBIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF A CHILD MUMMY FROM ZAGREB CATHEDRAL -----------24
Mislav ČAVKA, Andrea JANEŠ, Katarina DUJMOVIĆ, Jasenka ŠKRLIN
PALEORADIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF A CHILD MUMMY FROM ZAGREB CATHEDRAL -------24
Mislav ČAVKA, Mladen TOMORAD, Ivana ŠTIMAC, Ivor JANKOVIĆ, Mario NOVAK, Frank RÜHLI,
ƒ–”‹…


INSIGHTS FROM MOLECULAR EVIDENCE OF MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE FROM 15TH
CENTURY NORMANDY, FRANCE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------25
‡Ž‡Ǥ
ǡƒ—”‡ǡƒ”
ǡ ‘´Ž ǡ‡…‹Ž‡Šƒ’‡Žƒ‹
2 Ǧ 

DENTAL DISEASE IN ABORIGINAL SOCIETIES FROM THE DULCE RIVER BASIN IN
NORTHWESTERN ARGENTINA -----------------------------------------------------------------------------25
‹Ž–‘ǡ—•ƒƒAǡŽ‹ƒ ǡ
—‹ŽŽ‡”‘

THE CASE OF HIP DYSPLASIA OF THE ADULT FROM THE LATE ANTIQUITY SITE OF
VELEBIT (SERBIA) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------26
Ksenija ĐUKIĆ, Tamara PAVLOVIĆ, Petar MILENKOVIĆ, Đurđa BRACANOVIĆ, Marija ĐURIĆ

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

EVIDENCE OF VIOLENCE IN BURNED HUMAN REMAINS OF THE 3RD CENTURY AD
FOUND IN THE ROMAN VILLA OF ELS MUNTS (TARRAGONA, SPAIN) ---------------------------26
†”‡ƒ Ǧ ǡ ‘•‡’–‘ǡƒ”‹ƒ—ŽŽ‹ƒ 
THE SYPHILIS OF MARIA SALVIATI (1499-1543), WIFE OF GIOVANNI DE’ MEDICI
NAMED “OF THE BLACK BANDS” --------------------------------------------------------------------------27
–‘‹‘   ǡƒˆˆƒ‡Ž‡
ǡ‹‘ƒ  ǡ—…ƒǡ‰‡Ž‹…ƒ  ǡ

‹‘   ǡƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 

THE FEMORAL SHAFT: WHAT DO WE DO WITH ALL THOSE CYLINDERS? ---------------------27
ƒ—‡Ž  ǡ—–Š
Ǧ
ǡ ƒ†ƒ•‡ƒŠ ǡ‹…–‘”‹ƒǡ ‹Žƒ

THE FIRST COMPLETE DESCRIPTION OF ACROMEGALY IN BOLOGNA IN 1809: A
JOURNEY THROUGH PALAEOENDOCRINOLOGY -------------------------------------------------------28
”ƒ…‡•…‘ƒ”‹ƒ
 ǡƒ—‡Ž‡ ǡ‹”‘ ǡ—‹•ƒ ǡ
Š”‹•–‹ƒ  ǡ‹…‘ŽÖ‹…‘Ž‹  ǡ‘„‡”–ƒ ǡƒ…‹‡Œ 
ǡ ”ƒ
o  ǡŽ‡••ƒ†”‘


SEARCHING FOR MALARIA IN THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD: BIOMOLECULAR
APPROACHES AND ISSUES OF PRESERVATION --------------------------------------------------------28
‹…Š‡ŽŽ‡
ǡŽ˜‹‡ Ǧǡ ”ƒ ǡŽ„‡”– ǡ‹…Šƒ‡Žƒ
 

PREVALENCE OF LARGE‐JOINT AND EXTREMITIES OSTEOARTHRITIS IN A MEDIEVAL
(13TH-16TH) URBAN POPULATION FROM LEIRIA (PORTUGAL) ---------------------------------29
—•ƒƒ Ǥ
 

OSTEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE OF DISPROPORTIONATE GROWTH ON A JUVENILE
INDIVIDUAL FROM THE 13TH CENTURY AD (LEIRIA, PORTUGAL) ------------------------------29
—•ƒƒ Ǥ
 ǡƒ—‹•ƒ
TREPANATION IN ITALY: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND A NEW CASE ----------------30
ƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 ǡ
‹—Ž‹ƒ  ǡ
‹‘  

THE BATTLE OF WAGRAM 1809 - PALAEOPATHOLOGICAL EVIDENCE OF LIFE AND
DEATH DURING THE NAPOLEONIC WARS --------------------------------------------------------------30
ƒƒŠ
ǡ‹…Šƒ‡Žƒ 

CRANIOFACIAL DYSPLASTIC BONE DISEASE IN PALEOPATHOLOGICAL
INVESTIGATIONS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------31
—Ž‹ƒ

OSTEOPETROSIS AND ACCOMPANIED SKELETAL CHANGES IN A SKELETON FROM
ALBANIA ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------31
—Ž‹ƒ
ǡƒ—‡Ž‡ 

EVIDENCE FOR ADAPTATION TO MALARIA IN A 2.58-MILLION-YEAR-OLD PROXIMAL
AUSTRALOPITHECUS AFRICANUS FEMUR FROM MAKAPANSGAT, SOUTH AFRICA -----------31
ƒ”–‹ ǡƒ„‹‡ ǡ‡”Šƒ”†  ǡ‹–‘”‹ƒǤǡ‹œ‹ƒ  
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

POSSIBLE CASE OF LEPROSY AND TUBERCULOSIS CO‐INFECTION FROM THE
SARMATIAN PERIOD (2ND‐5TH CENTURY AD) ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐32
Tamás HAJDU, Antónia MARCSIK, Lucia HLAVENKOVÁ, Ivett KŐVÁRI, Kinga KARLINGER,
Zsuzsanna MÉSZÁROS KIS, Enikő SZVÁK, Antal SKLÁNITZ, Lénárd SZABÓ, Olivia CHERONET,
‡†”ƒ ǡƒž• ǡƒ†‡—•œ ǡ‘  

DISH AND DIET: STABLE LIGHT ISOTOPIC ANALYSIS ACROSS THREE SOUTH AFRICAN
SKELETAL POPULATIONS ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐32
ƒ…Š‡ŽǤǤ 
ǡ
ƒ„”‹‡ŽŽ‡Ǥ
ǡŠƒ”Ž‘––‡Ǥ
Ǥ ǡ”‹…ƒǤ̵ǡƒ”›ƒ


A BIOARCHAEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE ISLAMIC CEMETERY OF EL QUEZ, ALBERITE
DE SAN JUAN, ZARAGOZA, SPAIN ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐33
‹ƒ ǡ ‘‡ƒŽŽƒ…‡

PALEOPATHOLOGICAL PIECES: EVALUATING HEALTH FROM COMMINGLED
BYZANTINE MONASTIC SKELETAL REMAINS AT MOUNT NEBO, JORDAN ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐33
ƒ”‰ƒ”‡– 
ČERINA‐JOSIPOVAC CEMETERY ‐ BIOARCHAEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF NEWLY
FOUND CEMETERY NEXT TO OSIJEK, EASTERN CROATIA ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐34
Marijana JUKIĆ

I DON’T GET THIS HOLE‐THING ‐ AN ATTEMPT OF STATISTICAL ANALYSIS TO
DECIPHER THE INDICATION OF SURGICAL TREPANATIONS ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐34
‹––› ǡ
”±–ƒǡž–›ž•ǡ‘Ž–ž 2ǡ”‹ƒǡ
›Ú”‰› ǡ•‘Ž–
 



A POSSIBLE CASE OF METASTATIC CANCER FROM KEHIDA‐FÖVENYES (7TH‐8TH
CENTURY A.D.) ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐35
Krisztián KISS, Tamás SZENICZEY, Kinga KARLINGER, Zsuzsanna MÉSZÁROS KIS, Enikő SZVÁK,
”‹ƒǡ–א‹ƒ ǡ–ƒŽ ǡ±ž”†Vǡ•‘Ž–ǡ‹–×”‹ƒ
 ǡ”‹•œ–‹ƒVǡƒž•  
PREVALENCE OF HYPERCEMENTOSIS IN MIDDLE AND UPPER PALEOLITHIC HUMANS ‐‐‐35
ƒ”ƒŠ•ŠŽ›

SMALL BUT HEALTHY? A CASE STUDY FROM PREHISTORIC COASTAL BRAZIL ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐36
—‹•‡œ‘ ǡƒ„‹‡


A POSSIBLE CASE OF PITUITARY DWARFISM FROM THEBES, EGYPT ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐36
”•‘Ž›ƒV

“LONG‐GONE CHILDREN” ‐ COMPARATIVE PALEOPATHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF NON‐
ADULT HUMAN REMAINS FROM AVAR (7TH‐8TH C.) AND MEDIEVAL HUNGARIAN
(12TH‐14TH C.) CEMETERIES ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐37
”•‘Ž›ƒVǡƒž• 

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY AND THE ANTIQUITY OF MODERN TRENDS: SKELETAL
EVIDENCE FROM THE ROMAN PERIOD SITE OF ISOLA SACRA ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐37
ƒ—”ƒǡ–‡’Šƒ‹‡ ǡ‹‘ǡ”ƒ…›ǡ‹…Š‡ŽŽ‡

ǡ—…ƒ
  ǡƒ”‘Žƒǡƒ”‹••ƒǤ
ǡ‡‰ƒ 

HEALTH‐RELATED STRESS AT AN EARLY URBAN CENTRE: TIMING AND FREQUENCY
OF ACCENTUATED LINES IN HUMAN DENTAL ENAMEL IN 3RD MILLENNIUM BCE
LARGE TRADING AND CRAFTS CENTRE IN SE IRAN ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐38
‹”•‹Ǥǡ‹‘‡ǡ‡†› ǡ‘ƒŽ† ǡƒ–”‹… ǡ ƒ”œƒ†
 ǡƒ•‘‘” 

NEW BIOARCHAEOLOGICAL AND PALEOPATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS ABOUT THE
MUMMIFIED SUBADULT FROM GRUTA DEL INDIO SITE (SAN RAFAEL, MENDOZA,
ARGENTINA) ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐38
‡ƒ†”‘ ‡”žǡŽƒ—†‹ƒƒ”…‡Žƒǡƒ„Ž‘A
ǡ—‹• 

KNEE ANKYLOSIS IN A FEMALE FROM THE LISBON SKELETAL COLLECTION ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐39

‹‘˜ƒ‹
ǡ—•ƒƒ Ǥ
 

GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITE MARKERS AS EVIDENCE FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT ‐‐‐‐‐39
±Ž‹‡  ǡ–‘‹ǡŠ”‹•–‹ƒ ǡƒ––Š‹‡— 
LEPROSY AND PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN MEDIEVAL/MODERN ODENSE,
DENMARK: PALAEOPATHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF RIB LESIONS AND INFERENCES FOR
THE CROSS‐IMMUNITY AND CO‐INFECTION HYPOTHESES ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐39
‹–‘”ǡƒ”‹ƒǡƒ‹‡Žƒ ǡƒ—‹•ƒ

CAL: AN OSTEOLOGICAL TIMELINE FROM THE ROMAN AGE TO CONTEMPORARY
TIMES ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐40
‹”‘ ǡƒ‹‡Ž
 ǡƒ”„ƒ”ƒ
 ǡ‡„‘”ƒ ǡƒ—‡Žƒ
ǡ
—…‹‡  Ǧ
ǡƒ•“—ƒŽ‡ǡƒƒ”‹ƒ  ǡ”‹•–‹ƒ
RECOVERY OF SKELETAL REMAINS FROM ARCHAEOLOGICAL BURIAL SITE: WHAT IS
THE RATE OF MISSING BONES? ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐40
‹”‘ ǡƒ—‡Žƒǡ‡„‘”ƒ ǡƒ—‡Žƒ
ǡ”‹•–‹ƒ

FOOD PRESERVATION AND HUMAN HEALTH: THE CASE OF THE YOUNG EGYPTIAN
PRIEST “IRET‐HOR‐R‐U” ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐41
‹Žƒ
LONGER LEGS, FEWER LEH, BUT SHORTER ADULT LIVES: A SIGNATURE OF
IMMUNOLOGICALLY NAIVE MIGRANTS IN LONDON DURING THE INDUSTRIAL
REVOLUTION? ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐41

‹ƒƒ–”‹…‹ƒ 
HISTOPATHOLOGY OF THE GREAT HUNGER: INCORPORATING HISTOLOGICAL
METHODS TO EXAMINE THE HUMAN BIOLOGICAL RESPONSE TO FAMINE AND
POVERTY IN MID‐19TH CENTURY IRELAND ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐42
ƒ—”‡Ǥǡ ‘›
ǡ ƒŽŽ‹‡—–Š
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

ABOUT A NEW CASE OF LEPROSY FROM AMIENS CITY (FRANCE), 10TH-11TH
CENTURY: PALEOPATHOLOGICAL AND PALEOMICROBIOLOGICAL APPROACHES ----------42
˜”‹Ž ǡŽ‘Õ‡  ǡƒ
ǡƒ”‘Ž‡  ǡ‹… ǡŠ‹Ž‹’’‡
 


SURVIVAL OF A ONE-ARM WARRIOR IN PRE-ANTIBIOTIC ERA: A CASE STUDY FROM
AN ITALIAN LONGOBARD NECROPOLIS (6TH-8TH CENTURIES AD) -----------------------------43
Ž‡ƒƒ  ǡ‘„‡”–Ǥ ǡƒ–‡”‹ƒ
ǡƒ”›‡  ǡ–‘‹‘ ǡ
ƒ”…‘

 ǡ ƒ„‹‘  ǡ†”‡ƒ  ǡƒ‹Ž‘ ǡ
‹‘”‰‹‘

ANALYSIS OF THE SKELETONS FROM THE MUSLIM CEMETERY OF SONGO MNARA
(TANZANIA). INTEGRATING OSTEOLOGICAL DATA WITH THE STUDY OF MALARIA
aDNA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------43
”ƒ…‡•…ƒ‹ƒ…ƒƒ”‹ƒ
  ǡƒ–Šƒ”‹‡Ǧǡ ‡ˆˆ”‡›   ǡ–‡’Šƒ‹‡
Ǧ 

OSTEOMYELITIS IN A MEDIEVAL BURIAL FROM SMEDEREVO FORTRESS, SERBIA ----------44
Nataša MILADINOVIĆǦRADMILOVIĆ, Vesna BIKIĆ, Ksenija ĐUKIĆ, Petar MILENKOVIĆ, Dragana
VULOVIĆ
ENAMEL HYPOPLASIA AND HEALTH CONDITION THROUGH SOCIAL STATUS IN THE
ROMAN IMPERIAL AGE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------44
‹‘ƒ  ǡƒŽ–‡”‡‡†‡––‘ǡƒ”Žƒ  ǡƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 ǡƒ‘Žƒ

METASTATIC PROSTATE CARCINOMA FROM IMPERIAL ROME (1ST-2ND CENTURY
A.D.) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------45
‹‘ƒ  ǡ‰ƒ–ƒ  ǡƒ”Žƒ  ǡƒ˜‹†‡ǡ
‹‘   ǡ
ƒ‘ŽƒǡƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 
A CASE OF SYSTEMATIC UNILATERAL DEGENERATIVE JOINT DISEASE (UDJD) IN
14TH-17TH CENTURY TRANSYLVANIA, AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE EFFECT OF
MINING ON POPULATION HEALTH -----------------------------------------------------------------------45
”‹•…‹ŽŽƒ
DIAPHYSOMETAPHYSEAL PATHOLOGICAL DEFORMATIONS AND EXTRACORTICAL
POROSITY IN INFANTS FROM THE DISCALCED TRINITARIAN CONVENT, MADRID ---------46
Ž˜ƒ”‘ƒ—‡Ž
 ǡ‡”–ƒAǡ—‹•Aǡƒ”‹ƒƒœ
ǡ ”ƒ…‹•…‘
 ǡŽ—†‡ƒ
AǦ ǡƒ—‹•ƒ

FIRST RESULTS ON THE STABLE ISOTOPIC ANALYSIS OF THE INDIVIDUALS
UNEARTHED NEAR THE LEPROSARIUM OF BARCELONA, SPAIN (12TH-14TH
CENTURIES) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------46
ƒǡŽƒ”ƒ 
 ǡƒ”‹ƒ—ŽŽ‹ƒ 

FOUR SIMULTANEOUS SHARP FORCE INJURIES WITH SIGNS OF HEALING IN A SKULL
FROM THE MIDDLE BRONZE AGE SITE OF AL-ADDEISEH, PALESTINE --------------------------47
—…‹a MUÑOZ UGARTE, Nataša ŠARKIĆ, Miriam SAQQA CARAZO

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

THE MASS GRAVE IN THE SCHOTTENSTIFT, VIENNA, AUSTRIA –
PALAEOPATHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON A MEDIEVAL MYSTERY ---------------------------47
Š”‹•–‹ƒǡ‹…Šƒ‡Žƒ ǡƒ”‹  Ǧ ǡŽˆ”‹‡†‡ ƒ‡Ž‘”‡


DENTAL HEALTH AND DIET OF THE IRON AGE NORTH PONTIC PASTORALISTS ------------47
”‹ƒ ǡ˜‡–Žƒƒ ǡ‘„‡”–  

AN UNUSUAL BI-RITUAL BURIAL OF THE URNFIELD CULTURE IN LOWER AUSTRIA -------48
”‹‡†‡”‹‡ǡ–‡‹…Šƒ‡Žƒ
Ǧ ǡŽ‡šƒ†”ƒǤ Ǥ 
VITAMIN DEFICIENCY IN EARLY MEDIEVAL SUB-ADULTS: INDICATIONS FOR
METABOLIC DISORDERS IN THE EASTERN ITALIAN ALPS -----------------------------------------48
Ž‹…‡ ǡƒ‹‡ŽƒǡŽ„‡”– 

PROBABLE SYPHILIS-TUBERCULOSIS COINFECTION IN PARTIALLY MUMMIFIED
HUMAN REMAINS - PALEOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF AN 18TH CENTURY MIDWIFE’S
MUMMY ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------49

›Ú”‰› ǡ Ž†‹× ǡ”•‘Ž›ƒ ǡ†”ž•ǡ‹‰ƒ 
ǡƒ”

ǡ ‡Ž‡Ǥ
ǡ ”ƒ ǡŽ„‡”– ǡŽ‹˜‹‡”ǡ”‹ƒ
ǡ Ž†‹×

EXTRACTING OBSTETRICAL HISTORIES FROM PELVIC FEATURES ------------------------------49
‘”‹•Ǧǡ–‡‹…Šƒ‡Žƒ
Ǧ ǡƒ–Šƒ”‹ƒǦ 
A TUMOUR SUPPRESSOR GENE VARIANT PREDISPOSING TO COLORECTAL CANCER
FOUND IN A MUMMY FROM THE PRE-INDUSTRIALIZED ERA OF HUNGARY ------------------50
Ž†‹×ǡ •”ƒ‡Ž   ǡŽŽƒ Ǥǡ
‹ŽƒƒŠ‹ŽƒǦ
ǡ Ž†‹× ǡ‹ƒ
 Ǧ ǡ‹…ŠƒŽ 

THE TIME BEFORE LORDOSIS: WHAT IMMATURE VERTEBRA CAN TELL US ABOUT
CHILDREN IN HISTORICAL TIMES? -----------------------------------------------------------------------50
—–Š
Ǧ
ǡ ƒ†ƒ•‡ƒŠ ǡƒ—‡Ž  ǡ ‹Žƒ

STRESS MARKERS IN TEETH - SIGNALS OF PREHISTORIC LIFESTYLES? ------------------------51
Kristina PENEZIĆ, Marko PORČIĆ, Jelena JOVANOVIĆ, Petra Kathrin URBAN,”•—Žƒ Ǧ
BACKOFEN, Sofija STEFANOVIĆ
CONE-BEAM COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY IN PALEODONTOLOGY AND
BIOARCHAEOLOGY --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------51
Bojan PETROVIĆ, Kristina PENEZIĆ, Marko PORČIĆ, Jugoslav PENDIĆ, Sanja KOJIĆ, Jelena
JOVANOVIĆ, Sofija STEFANOVIĆ
RECONSTRUCTION OF NEW ANCIENT MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE GENOMES FROM
EUROPE ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------51
ƒ•‹ƒ 
ǡ —†‹–Šǡƒ”ƒŠ  ǡ‡œ‡†ƒ ǡƒ–ƒŽ‹›ƒ ǡ
Ž‡šƒ†”ƒ ǡ–‹ƒ
 ǡ‹–‘”ǡƒ”‹ƒ‡”‡•ƒ  ǡ
ŽŽƒ ǡ ‘Šƒ‡•ǡ‡”‡ƒ 

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

PALEOPATHOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF HUMAN MUMMIES FROM GANGI, SICILY ------52
ƒ”‹‘  Ǧ ǡƒ” ǡ
‡”ƒŽ†
ǡ‘ƒŽ†
CONTINUITY OR DISCONTINUITY OF THE LIFE-STYLE IN CENTRAL EUROPE DURING
THE LATE ANTIQUITY AND EARLY MIDDLE AGES TRANSITION: HEALTH, DIET, AND
BIOLOGICAL ADAPTATION ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------52
ƒ—•œ†”œ‡Œ 

“BRING OUT YOUR DEAD!”: DIFFERENTIAL STRATEGIES FOR DEALING WITH THE
DEAD AT MEDIEVAL THORNTON ABBEY ----------------------------------------------------------------53
ƒ–‡”‹ƒ ǡƒ–‹‡ ǡ —‰Š 
HYDROCEPHALUS IN A CHILD FROM NUŠTAR ---------------------------------------------------------53
Petra RAJIĆ ŠIKANJIĆ, Dejana NIKITOVIĆ, Anita RAPAN PAPEŠA

POSTMORTEM MEDICAL PROCEDURES IN INDIVIDUALS FROM A PORTUGUESE
IDENTIFIED SKULL COLLECTION (1895-1902 AD): FIRST EVIDENCE OF POSSIBLE
TEACHING OF MODERN DACRYOCYSTORHINOSTOMY ----------------------------------------------53
‘•ƒ
ǡƒ—‹•ƒǡ ²•ǡ ²•  Ǧǡ”—‘‹‰—‡Ž

 !
ANCIENT PARASITES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN BASIN: REVIEW AND NEW DATA ----------54
±˜‹ ǡƒ––Š‹‡— ǡ •ƒ„‡ŽŽ‡  Ǧ ǡŽ‹˜‹‡”ǡŽƒ‹
PHYSICAL BURDEN AND LOWER LIMB BONE STRUCTURE FROM THE TERMINAL
PLEISTOCENE TO HOLOCENE, LEVANT ------------------------------------------------------------------54
‹…–‘”‹ƒǡ ƒ†ƒ•‡ƒŠ ǡƒ—‡Ž  ǡ ‹Žƒ
GROWING UP BETWEEN WARS AND EPIDEMICS: TEETH ALTERATIONS IN AN
INDIVIDUAL FROM THE S. FRANCISCO CONVENT OF COIMBRA (19TH CENTURY,
PORTUGAL) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------55
ƒ •ƒ„‡Ž ǡƒ”‹ƒ‡”‡•ƒ  ǡ‘ˆ‹ƒ 

SLAVES’ DIET: DENTAL CARIES AND WEAR IN A SAMPLE OF AFRICAN INDIVIDUALS
FROM VALLE DA GAFARIA (15TH - 17TH CENTURIES, LAGOS - PORTUGAL) ------------------55
ƒ •ƒ„‡Ž ǡƒ”‹ƒ‡”‡•ƒ  ǡ‘ˆ‹ƒ 
A LUNG NODULE AS A RICH SOURCE OF HOST AND PATHOGEN DNA: ANALYSIS OF A
17TH CENTURY MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS GENOME FROM LUND, SWEDEN --------56
—•ƒƒ ƒ…‡› ǡŽ‡šƒ†‡” 
ǡ%•Š‹Ž† Ǥ%
ǡ‘”„ŒÚ” Yǡ
”ƒ…‹Œ‡Žƒ
 ǡŽ‹œƒ„‡–ŠǤǡƒ”‘Ž‹‡  ǡ‹”•–‡ Ǥ
BIOMECHANIC OF FOOT WITH BIPARTITE MEDIAL CUNEIFORM IN MEDITERRANEAN
SERIES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------56
†—ƒ”†‘ ǡ••—’…‹×
ǡŽ„‡”–  

INVESTIGATING HEALTH AND DIETARY PATTERNS BETWEEN INLAND AND
COASTAL 17TH AND 18TH CENTURY POPULATIONS FROM FINLAND --------------------------57
ƒ–‹ ƒ‡Ž‡ǡ‹‹–”ƒ”‹‘‹  ǡŽ‹••ƒ˜‡– 
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

SINES ON THE ROUTE BETWEEN AFRICA AND THE AMERICAS: SKELETAL AND
DOCUMENTAL EVIDENCE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------57
ƒ—‹•ƒǡא‹ƒǡא‹ƒ ǡƒ—Žƒ 
MEDIAEVAL AND CONTEMPORARY CERVICAL SPINE - PALEOPATHOLOGICAL AND
CLINICAL RESEARCH ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------58
Snježana SCHUSTER, Mario ŠLAUS, Matej MUSTAPIĆ
RECONSIDERING PALEOEPIDEMIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS IN PALEO-ONCOLOGY,
WITH REFERENCE TO MEDIEVAL POLAND -------------------------------------------------------------58
Š‘ƒ• 
THE CHALLENGES OF BIOMOLECULAR PALEOPATHOLOGY ---------------------------------------59
Václav SMRČKA

RARE MANIFESTATIONS OF SPINAL TUBERCULOSIS IN THE ROBERT J. TERRY
ANATOMICAL SKELETAL COLLECTION (NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY,
SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, WASHINGTON, DC, USA) ---------------------------------------------59
Ž‰ƒǡƒ˜‹†Ǥ ǡ”•‘Ž›ƒǤ ǡ‹ŽŽ‹ƒ ǡ
›Ú”‰› ǡ”‹ƒ


A ONE-EYED SOLDIER FROM EL-DETTI, SUDAN? ------------------------------------------------------60
ƒ‰†ƒŽ‡ƒǤ 
NEW POSSIBLE CASE OF SPINAL TUBERCULOSIS IN AN OSTEOARCHEOLOGICAL
SAMPLE FROM 6TH-7TH CENTURIES (AVAR AGE) IN HUNGARY (TRANSDANUBIA,
KÖLKED FEKETEKAPU „A”) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
Tamás SZENICZEY, Kinga KARLINGER, Zsuzsanna MÉSZÁROS KIS, Enikő SZVÁK, Antal
 ǡ±ž”†Vǡ”‹•œ–‹ž ǡ •–˜žǡƒž•  ǡ–א‹ƒ 

HYPEROSTOSIS FRONTALIS INTERNA IN ANCIENT POPULATIONS - A POSSIBLE NEW
WAY TO THE LIFE-STYLE RECONSTRUCTION ----------------------------------------------------------61
ƒž• ǡ–א‹ƒ ǡ•×ˆ‹ƒǡ‹‡ƒǡ•‘Ž–ǡƒ–ƒŽ‹
VǡTamás CZUPPON, Anna ENDRŐDI, Sándor ÉVINGER,‘Ž–ž ǡ—…‹ƒ ǡ
”‹•œ–‹ƒ ǡ•ƒ„ƒžŽž ǡ”‹•œ–‹ž ǡ‹‰ƒ ǡ‘”ž†Ž‹˜±”ǡ
±–‡” Ǥǡ‹––‹Y ǡLászló KÖLTŐ, Ivett KŐVÁRI, Orsolya LÁSZLÓ, Gabriella
ǡ ƒ ǡ ל•‡ˆǡ•×ˆ‹ƒǡא‹ƒ ǡ”‹ƒǡ•‹ŽŽƒ
‡•‡2 ǡ ž‘•Vǡž•œŽ× ǡ Ž†‹×ǡׄ‡”–ǡ •–˜žǡ•×ˆ‹ƒǡ
‰‡• Vǡ
‡”‰‡Ž› ǡ
ž„‘” ǡBéla Miklós SZŐKE,‘Ž–žV ǡ‹˜ƒ†ƒ”
 ǡƒ–ƒŽ‹ ǡ‹…Šƒ‡Ž 
ǡƒž•  
TRACES OF GOUT IN THE MUMMY OF AN 18TH CENTURY TB INFECTED WOMAN, VÁC,
HUNGARY --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------61
Ž†‹× ǡ Ž†‹×ǡ•‘Ž– ǡ”•‘Ž›ƒ ǡ†”ž•ǡ‹‰ƒ
 
ǡƒ”
ǡ ‡Ž‡Ǥ
ǡŽ‹˜‹‡”ǡ ”ƒ ǡŽ„‡”–
 ǡ
›Ú”‰›

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

PATHOLOGICAL ALTERATIONS IN HUMAN MUMMIES OF THE GAMHUD CEMETERY -------62
Enikő SZVÁK, Antal SKLÁNITZ,±ž”†Vǡ”‘2 ǡ •–˜ž ǡž”–ƒV2V ǡ
‹–ƒ ǡ•×ˆ‹ƒ2ǡ‹ŠžŽ›ǡIstván MAJOR, Hedvig GYŐRY, Karola BIACSI,

›Ú”‰› ǡ”‹ƒǡ Ž†‹×ǡƒž•  ǡƒž• ǡ†‹ƒ ǡ
‹”ž‰ ǡ Ž†‹× 
THE STORY OF MY MISFORTUNES: A CASE STUDY OF INDIVIDUAL WITH SEVERAL
SEVERE CONDITIONS INCLUDING SYPHILIS, RESIDUAL RICKETS AND FRACTURES
(SPAIN, 16TH-18TH CENTURY) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------63
Nataša ŠARKIĆ, Lucia MUÑOZ UGARTE, Goran ZEBIĆ, Rosa DINARÈS, Jesus HERRERÍN

PALEOONCOLOGICAL STUDIES ON SKELETAL REMAINS OF HISTORICAL POPULATIONS
FROM HUNGARY -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------63
”‹•œ–‹ƒǦ ǡƒž•  ǡ–א‹ƒ ǡ
›Ú”‰› ǡƒž• ǡ
†”‡ ǡ‹„‘”YYǡ”‹ƒ

A PROBABLE CASE OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS FROM MEDIEVAL NORTHERN ITALY
(12TH-13TH CENTURIES) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------64
Š‹ƒ”ƒ ǡƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 ǡ
‹‘   ǡƒ” ǡ‘‹…ƒ‹–ƒǡ
ƒ”–ƒ 

DIFFERENTIAL SUBADULT HEALTH STATUS INFORMED BY ODONTOMETRIC, GENETIC,
AND CULTURAL ESTIMATES FOR SEX --------------------------------------------------------------------64
Lindsey Jo Helms THORSON, Vlasta VYROUBAL, Željka BEDIĆ, Mario ŠLAUS, Patrick J. GRAY
PERIODONTITIS IN THE HISTORICAL POPULATION OF RADOM (POLAND) FROM THE
11TH TO 19TH CENTURIES ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------65
ƒ…‡ǡƒǡƒ”–ƒ
LINEAR CUTTING TREPANATION IN ITALY: A UNIQUE CASE FROM HELLENISTIC SICILY
(3RD CENTURY BC) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------65

‹‘”‰‹ƒǡ
‹—Ž‹ƒ  ǡ‹‘ƒ  ǡƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 

MARKERS OF DISEASE IN JUVENILE REMAINS FROM A SECOND ANGLO BOER WAR
CONCENTRATION CAMP CEMETERY, SOUTH AFRICA ------------------------------------------------65
–‡’Šƒ›˜‘‡ǡ‹ŽŽ‡‘‡”ƒƒ† ǡŒƒǡƒ”›ƒ 
TOWARDS AN INTEGRATED ANALYSIS OF OSTEOPOROSIS: A NEW
BIOARCHAEOLOGICAL APPROACH IN PALEOPATHOLOGY ----------------------------------------66
‡Ǧƒ”‹Œǡƒ Yǡ ƒ‡• ǡ‡”•–‹ 2

A UNIQUE CASE OF MULTIPLE FRONTAL SINUS OSTEOMA FROM LATE ROMAN SICILY
(CATANIA, 5TH-6TH CENTURY AD): MORPHOLOGICAL, RADIOLOGICAL AND
HISTOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT -------------------------------------------------------------------------------66
Ž‡ƒǡ‘†‘Žˆ‘ǡ‘”‡œ‘ǡƒ”‹ƒ‡”‡•ƒ

ÖTZI: NEW ANTHROPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS USING 3D VISUALIZATIONS FROM 2013 CT
SCANS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------67
Š‹ƒ”ƒ ǡ‹”•–‹‡ǡƒ”‹]ǡƒ–Š‹ƒ•]ǡŽ„‡”– ǡ‹‡Ž•

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

A CONTRIBUTION TO THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE IN 19TH-CENTURY CROATIA -----------67
Vlasta VYROUBAL, Danijel LONČAR, Marija MIHALJEVIĆ, Marina MATKOVIĆ VRBAN, Mario
ŠLAUS

THE VIENNA PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMICAL COLLECTION - A PARADISE FOR
PALAEOPATHOLOGISTS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------68
ƒ”‹  Ǧ ǡ†—ƒ”† ǡ‡”‡ƒ  ǡƒ–‘Žǡ†”‡ƒ•
  ǡƒŽ–‡” 


RHINOMAXILLARY FEATURES OF TWO PROBABLE CASES OF LEPROSY IN A JOSEON
PERIOD POPULATION OF SOUTH KOREA ---------------------------------------------------------------68
— ‹

HEALTH STATUS OF SOLDIERS IN THE LIKA REGIMENT OF THE CROATIAN MILITARY
FRONTIER BETWEEN 1788 AND 1850 -------------------------------------------------------------------69
ƒ–‡ƒ PETRANOVIĆ, Alexander BUCZYNSKI, Petra RAJIĆ ŠIKANJIĆ, Vedran KLAUŽER, Juraj
BALIĆ, Goran OVČARIČEK

‘STORIES FROM BONES’ - THE POTENTIAL OF 3D SCANNING AND BIOMECHANICAL
MODELLING IN PALAEOPATHOLOGY --------------------------------------------------------------------69
‘‹ƒ—–Š ǡ–‡’Šƒ‹‡Ǧ
ǡƒ”–‹ǡŠ”‹•–‘’Š‡” Ǥǡ
ƒ”‘‡Ž
ǡƒ–›Ǥ ǡŽ‹˜‡” ǤǡŽ‡šƒ†‡”Ǥ  
MULTI-OMICS STUDY OF THE ICEMAN - INSIGHTS INTO HEALTH, DIET AND DISEASE
EVOLUTION -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
Ž„‡”– ǡŠ‘ƒ• ǡ—†‘Ž’Š
 ǡ ”ƒ 

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS




KEY-NOTE LECTURES
A HISTORY OF PALEOPATHOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN CROATIA WITH EMPHASIS ON RECENT
INVESTIGATIONS DEALING WITH THE WAYS IN WHICH LOW INTENSITY, ENDEMIC
WARFARE AFFECTS HEALTH
Mario ŠLAUS (Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts) 

Š‹• ’”‡•‡–ƒ–‹‘ †‡ƒŽ• ™‹–Š –Š‡ ƒ‡” ‹ ™Š‹…Š •…‹‡–‹•–• ˆ”‘ ƒ •ƒŽŽ …‘—–”›ǡ ‘ˆ–‡
…‘•‹†‡”‡†–‘„‡‘–Š‡’‡”‹’Š‡”›‘ˆ—”‘’‡ƒ•…‹‡…‡ǡ…ƒ…‘–”‹„—–‡–‘‰Ž‘„ƒŽ‘™Ž‡†‰‡Ǥ‘
–Š‹•‡† •Š‘™…ƒ•‡–Š‡…‘–”‹„—–‹‘•‘ˆ”‘ƒ–‹ƒ„‹‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰›ƒ†’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›–Š”‘—‰Š‘—–
Š‹•–‘”›ǡ ˆ”‘ –Š‡ ”‡ƒ”ƒ„Ž‡ †‹scoveries and analyses of Dragutin Gorjanović Kramberger in
Krapina, through the interdisciplinary work of Franjo Ivaniček in the late forties and early fifties
‘ˆ–Š‡Žƒ•–…‡–—”›ǡƒŽŽ–Š‡™ƒ›–‘…‘–‡’‘”ƒ”›’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‡•…ƒ””‹‡†‘—–‹”‘ƒ–‹ƒǤ
‡˜‡”ƒŽ”ƒ”‡ƒ†‹–‡”‡•–‹‰”‡…‡–’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽˆ‹†‹‰•ƒ”‡’”‡•‡–‡†„—–•’‡…‹ƒŽƒ––‡–‹‘
‹• ‰‹˜‡ –‘ ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ ‘”‹‡–‡† •–—†‹‡•Ǥ’‡…‹ˆ‹…ƒŽŽ›ǡ  ƒƒŽ›œ‡ –Š‡ ™ƒ›• ‹™Š‹…Š Ž‘™‹–‡•‹–›ǡ
‡†‡‹…™ƒ”ˆƒ”‡ƒˆˆŽ‹…–‡†–Š‡Š‡ƒŽ–Š‘ˆ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•–Šƒ–™‡”‡‡š’‘•‡†–‘‹–Ǥ‘–Š‹•‡†ǡ–Š”‡‡Žƒ”‰‡
…‘’‘•‹–‡•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ•‡”‹‡•ǡ…‘’”‹•‹‰‘”‡–ŠƒͳͷͲͲ•‡Ž‡–‘•ƒ”‡ƒƒŽ›œ‡†ˆ‘”–Š‡’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆ
‘•–‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ††‡–ƒŽƒ”‡”•‘ˆ•—„ƒ†—Ž–•–”‡••ǡ‡–ƒ„‘Ž‹…ƒ††‡–ƒŽ†‹•‡ƒ•‡•ǡƒ†–”ƒ—ƒǤ


NEANDERTAL PALEOPATHOLOGY: A TENTATIVE SYNTHESIS
”‡† Ǥ  ǡƒ”‹ƒǤ  ȋ ŽŽ‹‘‹•–ƒ–‡‹˜‡”•‹–›Ȍ

Š‡ˆ‘••‹ŽŠ—ƒ–ƒš‘–Šƒ–™‡…‘ŽŽ‘“—‹ƒŽŽ›”‡ˆ‡”–‘ƒ•‡ƒ†‡”–ƒŽ•ǡ‹•–Š‡‘•––Š‘”‘—‰ŠŽ›•–—†‹‡†
’”‡Ǧ‘†‡” Š—ƒ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ •ƒ’Ž‡ ‘™ –‘ •…‹‡…‡Ǥ Š‡”‡ ƒ”‡ •‡˜‡”ƒŽ ”‡ƒ•‘• ˆ‘” –Š‹•ǣ
‡ƒ†‡”–ƒŽ•Šƒ˜‡„‡‡‘™•‹…‡–Š‡‹‡–‡‡–Š…‡–—”›Ǣ–Š‡”‡‹•ƒ”‡Žƒ–‹˜‡Ž›Žƒ”‰‡ƒ†™‡ŽŽǦ
’”‡•‡”˜‡†•ƒ’Ž‡Ǣƒ†–Š‡›Šƒ˜‡ƒ‡‹‰ƒ–‹…‡˜‘Ž—–‹‘ƒ”›”‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’–‘ƒƒ–‘‹…ƒŽŽ›‘†‡”
‘‘•ƒ’‹‡••ƒ’‹‡•Ǥ•™‡ƒŽŽ‘™ǡ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›Šƒ•’Žƒ›‡†ƒ‡›”‘Ž‡‹–Š‡ˆ”ƒ‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡
‡ƒ†‡”–ƒŽ’Š‡‘–›’‡Ǥ—”˜‹˜‹‰–Š‡‘”‹‰‹ƒŽ…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹œƒ–‹‘‘ˆ”‹…‡–•ƒ†ˆ‡‡„Ž‡Ǧ‹†‡†‡••ǡ
–Š‡ –ƒš‘ „‡…ƒ‡ †‡ˆ‹‡† ƒ• •–‘‘’Ǧ•Š‘—Ž†‡”‡† ƒ† „‡–Ǧ‡‡† †—‡ –‘ –Š‡ ‹•‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ
‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹• ‹ –Š‡ ƒ Šƒ’‡ŽŽ‡Ǧƒ—šǦƒ‹–• ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽǤ ‘•– ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒ••‡••‡–• ‘ˆ
‡ƒ†‡”–ƒŽ•Šƒ˜‡„‡‡…ƒ•‡•–—†‹‡•ǡŠ‘™‡˜‡”ǡ„”‘ƒ†‡”“—‡”‹‡•Šƒ˜‡’”‘˜‹†‡†“—ƒŽ‹–›‘ˆŽ‹ˆ‡ƒ†
Ž‹ˆ‡•–›Ž‡‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘„ƒ•‡†‘ȋˆ‘”‡šƒ’Ž‡Ȍ–Š‡’ƒ––‡”•‘ˆ–”ƒ—ƒ–‹…‹Œ—”‹‡•ǡŠƒ„‹–—ƒŽ’‘•–—”‡ǡ
–”‡ƒ–‡– ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‹ŽŽ ƒ† ‹ˆ‹”‡†ǡ ƒ† ‘”ƒŽ Š‡ƒŽ–ŠǤ ‘ †ƒ–‡ǡ –Š‹• ‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘ Šƒ• ‘– „‡‡
•›–Š‡•‹œ‡†ǤŠ‡”‘ƒ–‹ƒŽ‘…ƒ–‹‘‘ˆƒ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ…‘ˆ‡”‡…‡‹•ƒ’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”Ž›ˆ‹––‹‰˜‡—‡
ˆ‘”•—…Šƒ•›–Š‡•‹•‰‹˜‡–Š‡•‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ…‡‘ˆ–Š‡ ”˜ƒ–•‘ƒ‰‘”Œ‡”‡‰‹‘ƒ•–Š‡Š‘‡‘ˆƒ”‰—ƒ„Ž›
–Š‡Žƒ”‰‡•–•‹‰Ž‡Ǧ•‹–‡‡ƒ†‡”–ƒŽ•ƒ’Ž‡ˆ”‘”ƒ’‹ƒǤŠ‹••‹–‡’”‘˜‹†‡•–Š‡—‹“—‡‘’’‘”–—‹–›
to study paleopathology of a Neandertal “population.”


MOLECULAR DETECTION OF ANCIENT PATHOGENS IN THE ERA OF BIG DATA
‹”•–‡ ǤȋƒšŽƒ… •–‹–—–‡ˆ‘”–Š‡…‹‡…‡‘ˆ —ƒ ‹•–‘”›Ȍ

Š‡ ’ƒ•– †‡…ƒ†‡ Šƒ• †‡‘•–”ƒ–‡† ƒ ‹’”‡••‹˜‡ …‘–”‹„—–‹‘ ˆ”‘ ‘Ž‡…—Žƒ” ‡–Š‘†• ˆ‘”
—†‡”•–ƒ†‹‰ –Š‡ †‹•–”‹„—–‹‘ ƒ† ‡˜‘Ž—–‹‘ƒ”› Š‹•–‘”› ‘ˆ ƒ ‰”‘™‹‰ —„‡” ‘ˆ Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ
‹ˆ‡…–‹‘—•†‹•‡ƒ•‡•Ǥ‹–Š‰‡‘‹…ƒƒŽ›•‡•“—‹…Ž›„‡…‘‹‰•–ƒ†ƒ”†ǡƒƒŽ›–‹…ƒŽ–‡…Š‹“—‡•Šƒ˜‡
„‡…‘‡‹…”‡ƒ•‹‰Ž›•’‡…‹ƒŽ‹œ‡†ǤŠ‹•Ž‡…–—”‡™‹ŽŽ‡š’Ž‘”‡–Š‡„”‹‡ˆ„—–‹ˆŽ—‡–‹ƒŽŠ‹•–‘”›‘ˆ•‘Ǧ
called “nextǦgeneration sequencing”, its application to the study of past disease, and current
–‡…Š‹“—‡•–Šƒ–ƒ”‡—•‡†ˆ‘”†‡–‡…–‹‘‘ˆ’ƒ–Š‘‰‡‹ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ–‹••—‡•Ǥ•‹‰ƒ‡™
‘”Ž†…‘Ž‘‹ƒŽǦ‡”ƒ‡’‹†‡‹…ƒ•ƒ‘†‡Ž•–—†›ǡ ™‹ŽŽ‘ˆˆ‡”’‡”•’‡…–‹˜‡•‘‘Ž‡…—Žƒ”’”‡•‡”˜ƒ–‹‘ǡ
–ƒ’Š‘‘‹… ‹ˆŽ—‡…‡ǡ ƒ• ™‡ŽŽ ƒ• –Š‡ …ŠƒŽŽ‡‰‡• ƒ† „‡‡ˆ‹–• –Šƒ– ƒ……‘’ƒ› ‰‡‘‡ǦŽ‡˜‡Ž
’ƒ–Š‘‰‡”‡…‘•–”—…–‹‘ƒ†ƒƒŽ›•‹•
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

1

SYMPOSIA


The ecology of climate change and infectious diseases: A gateway
between past and present
‘†‡”ƒ–‘”•ǣ ƒˆˆƒ‡ŽŽƒ  ǡ‘‰ ‘‘ 



DEBUNKING THE “HUMAN ECTOPARASITE HYPOTHESIS”
Ž‡ ޔ‰‡ ǡƒˆˆƒ‡ŽŽƒ  

Š‡‡›”‘Ž‡‘ˆ”ƒ–•ƒ†–Š‡‹”ˆŽ‡ƒ•‹–Š‡•’”‡ƒ†‘ˆ’Žƒ‰—‡†—”‹‰–Š‡Žƒ…‡ƒ–Šƒ†–Š‡‡…‘†
Pandemic has been challenged. Based on absence of historical descriptions of rats’ epizootics and
‘ ƒ ƒŽŽ‡‰‡† ’ƒ—…‹–› ‘ˆ ”ƒ–• ‹ –Š‡ ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ”‡…‘”† ‹ …‡–”ƒŽȀ‘”–Š‡” —”‘’‡ ȋ†—‡ –‘
ƒ†˜‡”•‡ …Ž‹ƒ–‹… …‘†‹–‹‘•Ȍǡ •‘‡ •…Š‘Žƒ”• –Š‡‘”‹œ‡ –Šƒ– Š—ƒ ˆŽ‡ƒ•ȀŽ‹…‡ ™‡”‡ –Š‡ ’”‹ƒ”›
˜‡…–‘”•‘ˆŽƒ”‰‡Ǧ•…ƒŽ‡‡’‹†‡‹…•Ǥ ‘ŽŽ‘™‹‰–Š‡‹”–Š‡‘”›ǡ…Ž‹ƒ–‹……Šƒ‰‡•‹ƒƒ–—”ƒŽ’Žƒ‰—‡ˆ‘…—•
‹ƒ•–‡”‡–”ƒŽ•‹ƒ’”‘†—…‡†ˆƒ˜‘”ƒ„Ž‡…‘†‹–‹‘•ˆ‘”–Š‡—’•—”‰‡‘ˆ’Žƒ‰—‡‹™‹Ž†”‘†‡–
’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•„‡ˆ‘”‡ͳ͵Ͷ͸Ǥ—„•‡“—‡–Ž›ǡ…‘–ƒ‰‹‘™‘—Ž†Šƒ˜‡„‡‡”‡‰—Žƒ”Ž›–”ƒ•’‘”–‡†ͶǡͲͲͲ
„›…ƒ‡Ž…ƒ”ƒ˜ƒ•ƒŽ‘‰–Š‡‹Ž‘ƒ†•–‘ƒˆˆƒƒ†•Š‹’’‡†–‘—”‘’‡ǤŠ‡ƒŽŽ‡‰‡†ƒ„•‡…‡
‘ˆ ‡–ƒ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘• ‘ˆ ”ƒ–• ‹ —”‘’‡ ‹’Ž‹‡† ƒ ˆ‹”•– ‹–”‘†—…–‹‘ ƒ† Žƒ–‡” ”‡Ǧ‹–”‘†—…–‹‘• ‘ˆ
’Žƒ‰—‡–Š”‘—‰Š–Š‡ƒ‹Šƒ”„‘”•Ǥ‡•‘”–‹‰–‘–Š‡‡‡†ƒ† ”‘•–‘†‡Žˆ‘”‹–‡”ǦŠ—ƒ•’”‡ƒ†
‘ˆ˜‹”ƒŽ†‹•‡ƒ•‡•ǡ‹–™ƒ•ƒ••—‡†–Šƒ––Š‡Žƒ…‡ƒ–Šƒ†Žƒ–‡”‡’‹†‡‹…••’”‡ƒ†ƒ–—…ŠŠ‹‰Š‡”
’ƒ…‡–Šƒ–Š‡–Š‹”†’ƒ†‡‹…ȋƒ”‡…‘‰‹œ‡†”ƒ–ǦˆŽ‡ƒ’ƒ†‡‹…ȌǤ ‡…‡ǡŠ—ƒǦ–‘ǦŠ—ƒ…”‘••Ǧ
‹ˆ‡…–‹‘˜‹ƒ P. irritansȀŽ‹…‡‹•†‡‡‡†–Š‡‘•–’”‘„ƒ„‹Ž‹•–‹…‘†‡ŽǤ‡’”‡•‡–Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽƒ†
„‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ†ƒ–ƒ–Šƒ–…‘–”ƒ†‹…––Š‡ƒ„‘˜‡–Š‡‘”›ǣͳǤŠ‡•’”‡ƒ†‘ˆ’Žƒ‰—‡„›…ƒ”ƒ˜ƒ•ƒŽ‘‰–Š‡‹Ž
Roads is historically disproved: 2. The Golden Horde’s lands contained almost contin—‘—•’Žƒ‰—‡
”‡•‡”˜‘‹”•ǣ‘—–„”‡ƒ•–Š‡”‡ƒ†–”ƒ•‹••‹‘–‘–Š‡‘‰‘ŽǦƒ”–ƒ”ƒ”›„‡Ž‡ƒ‰—‡”‹‰ƒˆˆƒƒ”‡
Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽŽ›†‘…—‡–‡†Ǣ͵ǤŠ‡œ‘‘Ǧƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ”‡…‘”†ƒ…”‘••—”‘’‡•—’’‘”–•–Š‡”‘Ž‡‘ˆ”ƒ–•
ƒ•‡–ƒ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•‘ˆ’Žƒ‰—‡”‡•‡”˜‘‹”•ǢͶǤ‘…ƒ•‡•‘ˆŽƒ”‰‡Ǧ•…ƒŽ‡‡’‹†‡‹…••—•–ƒ‹‡†„›Š—ƒ
ˆŽ‡ƒ•ȀŽ‹…‡ƒ”‡•‘ˆƒ”†‘…—‡–‡†‹•‡––‹‰•™Š‡”‡’Žƒ‰—‡‹•‡†‡‹…ƒ†Š—ƒŠƒ„‹–ƒ–‹‘•ƒ”‡
†‡•‡Ž›‹ˆ‡•–‡†„›P. irritansȀŽ‹…‡ǤŠ‡‡’‹†‡‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ‹’Ž‹…ƒ–‹‘•‘ˆ–Š‡‹ƒ„‹Ž‹–›‘ˆ–Š‡Š—ƒ
‡…–‘’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡•–‘ƒ…–ƒ•‡’‹†‡‹…˜‡…–‘”•™‹ŽŽ„‡†‹•…—••‡†Ǥ
DISEASE DYNAMICS IN THE HOLOCENE LEVANT AS REFLECTED FROM THE MIDDLE EAR
ƒ–ƒ”‹ƒ ǡ ‹Žƒ

–—†›‹‰‹ˆ‡…–‹‘—•†‹•‡ƒ•‡•‹ƒ…‹‡––‹‡•‹•‘ˆ•‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹’‘”–ƒ…‡–‘‘—”—†‡”•–ƒ†‹‰‘ˆ
’ƒ•–’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•̵™ƒ›•‘ˆŽ‹ˆ‡Ǥ‡˜‡”–Š‡Ž‡••ǡ–Š‡”‡ƒ”‡ƒ›‘„•–ƒ…Ž‡•ȋ‡Ǥ‰Ǥǡ–Š‡›”ƒ”‡Ž›Ž‡ƒ˜‡ƒ”•
‘–Š‡„‘‡•ǡ–Š‡ƒ”•’”‡•‡–ƒ”‡†‹ˆˆ‹…—Ž––‘‹–‡”’”‡–Ȍ‘ˆ™Š‹…Šƒ›…ƒ„‡‰”‘—’‡†—†‡”
–Š‡–‹–Ž‡̶Š‡‘•–‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ”ƒ†‘š̶ǤŠ‡‹ˆ‡…–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡‹††Ž‡‡ƒ”‹•‡š…‡’–‹‘ƒŽǡ‹–Šƒ–‹–Ž‡ƒ˜‡•
…Ž‡ƒ”ƒ”•‘–Š‡’”‘‘–‘”›ƒ†™ƒ•‘™–‘„‡ƒƒŒ‘”Š‡ƒŽ–ŠŠƒœƒ”†’”‹‘”–‘–Š‡ƒ–‹„‹‘–‹…
‡”ƒǤ  –Š‡ …—””‡– •–—†› ™‡ ƒ‹‡† –‘ ˆ‘ŽŽ‘™ –”‡†• ‹ ’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡ ‘ˆ ‹††Ž‡ ‡ƒ” ‹ˆ‡…–‹‘
–Š”‘—‰Š‘—––Š‡ ‘Ž‘…‡‡‡˜ƒ–—•‹‰ƒ‘˜‡Žǡ”‡Ž‹ƒ„Ž‡ƒ†˜ƒŽ‹†‡–Š‘††‡˜‡Ž‘’‡†„›—•Ǥ ‘”–Š‹•
’—”’‘•‡ǡ –‡’‘”ƒŽ „‘‡• ‘ˆ ʹʹͻ ƒ†—Ž–• ˆ”‘ ˜ƒ”‹‘—• ’”‡Š‹•–‘”‹… ƒ† Š‹•–‘”‹… ’‡”‹‘†• ‘ˆ –Š‡
•‘—–Š‡” ‡˜ƒ– ȋˆ”‘ ƒ–—ˆ‹ƒ Š—–‡”Ǧ‰ƒ–Š‡”‡”•ǡ …ƒǤ ͳͷͲͲͲ  –‘ •‡†‡–ƒ”› Žƒ–‡ ”ƒ„•ǡ ͳͻ–Š
…‡–—”›Ȍ™‡”‡‡šƒ‹‡†ˆ‘”‡˜‹†‡…‡‘ˆ”‡‘†‡Ž‹‰’”‘…‡••‡•‘–Š‡’”‘‘–‘”›•—”ˆƒ…‡ǡ—•‹‰
ƒ ˆŽ‡š‹„Ž‡ ˜‹†‡‘ ƒ•‘Ǧ’Šƒ”›‰‘ǦŽƒ”›‰‘•…‘’‡ ȋ ‡†‹…ƒŽ ͻǦȌ ƒ† ƒ ‘’–‹…ƒŽ
‹…”‘•…‘’‡ȋ‹‘͹ͶͷȌǤ ‡”‡ǡ™‡”‡’‘”–‘–™‘ƒŒ‘”ˆ‹†‹‰•Ǥ ‹”•–ǡ‹††Ž‡‡ƒ”‹ˆ‡…–‹‘
™ƒ•ƒƒŒ‘”Š‡ƒŽ–Š’”‘„Ž‡—–‹Ž‘†‡”–‹‡•ǡ‹ˆ‡…–‹‰‘‡‘ˆ‡˜‡”›•‡…‘†‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽǤ‡…‘†ǡ
‹–• ”ƒ–‡ ‹• Žƒ”‰‡Ž› †‡’‡†‡– ‘ …Ž‹ƒ–‹… …‘†‹–‹‘• ȋ™‡– ˜•Ǥ †”›Ȍ ƒ† Šƒ„‹–ƒ– …‘†‹–‹‘• ȋ‡Ǥ‰Ǥǡ
Ž‹˜‡•–‘…‹–Š‡Ž‹˜‹‰ƒ”‡ƒǡ‹†‘‘”ƒ‹”’‘ŽŽ—–‹‘†—‡–‘–Š‡’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆ…‘‘‹‰ˆƒ…‹Ž‹–‹‡•™‹–Š‹–Š‡
Ž‹˜‹‰“—ƒ”–‡”•ǡ‡–…ǤȌǤ

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

2

MOLECULAR DETECTION OF DISEASES FROM THE EUROPEAN LITTLE ICE AGE IN
MECHELEN, BELGIUM
ƒ”‡Ǥ
ǡƒ–”‹‡ ǡ‘ oǡ ‡Ž‹šǤǡ—•ƒƒ ǡŽ‡šƒ†‡”

ǡ‹”•–‡ Ǥ

‡…‡– ƒ†˜ƒ…‡• ‹ ’ƒŽ‡‘‰‡‡–‹…• Šƒ˜‡ ’”‘˜‹†‡† ‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‘”• ™‹–Š ƒ …”‹–‹…ƒŽ –‘‘Ž ˆ‘”
—†‡”•–ƒ†‹‰†‹•‡ƒ•‡•‹’ƒ•–’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•Ǥ‘ˆ‹”ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ‹ŽŽ‡••‡•‹Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ’‡‘’Ž‡•‹•‘ˆ–‡
†‹ˆˆ‹…—Ž–†—‡–‘–Š‡ƒ„•‡…‡‘ˆ’ƒ–Š‘‰‘‘‹…‹†‹…ƒ–‘”•ǡ‹…‘’Ž‡–‡‘”ƒ„•‡–†‘…—‡–ƒ–‹‘
ƒ†–Š‡–”ƒ…‡Ž‡˜‡Ž•‘ˆ’ƒ–Š‘‰‡‹ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•Ǥ‘‡ˆ‘”‘ˆ‡”‹…Š‡–
‡–Š‘†ǡ•—…Šƒ•ǡ™ƒ•‘ˆ–‡—•‡†ˆ‘”‹–•†‡–‡…–‹‘ǤŠ‡•‡–ƒ”‰‡–‡†ƒ’’”‘ƒ…Š‡•ǡ™Š‹Ž‡—•‡ˆ—Žˆ‘”
•’‡…‹ˆ‹…†‡–‡…–‹‘‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‹‘•ǡ…ƒ””›™‹–Š–Š‡•–”‘‰„‹ƒ•‡•ǡƒ•–Š‡–‘„‡‡”‹…Š‡†—•–
„‡ •‡Ž‡…–‡†Ǥ •‹‰ –Š‡ ‘Ǧ–ƒ”‰‡–‡† ƒ’’”‘ƒ…Š ‘ˆ ‡š– ‰‡‡”ƒ–‹‘ •Š‘–‰— •‡“—‡…‹‰ ”‡†—…‡•
–Š‡•‡ „‹ƒ•‡•ǡ ™Š‹…Š ‹• „‡‡ˆ‹…‹ƒŽ ˆ‘” ‹‹–‹ƒŽ •…”‡‡‹‰• ˆ‘” †‹•‡ƒ•‡Ǥ ‡ ƒ› ‘„•‡”˜‡ —Ž–‹’Ž‡
’ƒ–Š‘‰‡•™‹–Š‹ƒ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ǡ‘”‡˜‡™‹–Š‹–Š‡•ƒ‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽǡƒ†‹–„‡…‘‡•’‘••‹„Ž‡–‘
†‡–‡…– ‘”‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ƒ› ’ƒ–Š‘‰‡• –Šƒ– Ž‡ƒ˜‡ ‘ ˜‹•‹„Ž‡ –”ƒ…‡Ǥ ƒ”ƒŽŽ‡Ž‹•ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ •‡•‹–‹˜‡
Žƒ„‘”ƒ–‘”›–‡…Š‹“—‡•ƒ†…‘’—–ƒ–‹‘ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‡•ƒŽŽ‘™Žƒ”‰‡—„‡”•‘ˆ•ƒ’Ž‡•–‘„‡ƒƒŽ›œ‡†
”‡Ž‹ƒ„Ž›ƒ†…‘…—””‡–Ž›ǡ’‡”‹––‹‰’ƒ––‡”ƒƒŽ›•‹•™‹–Š‹’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘Ǧ•‹œ‡…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘•‘ˆ†ƒ–ƒǤ
‡”‡ǡ™‡•…”‡‡•‡Ž‡–ƒŽƒ–‡”‹al from St. Rombout’s parish cemetery in Mechelen, Belgium for
‘Ž‡…—Žƒ”•‹‰ƒ–—”‡•‘ˆ’ƒ–Š‘‰‡•ǤŠ‹•™ƒ•ƒ‹’‘”–ƒ–…‡‡–‡”›‹–Š‡…‡–‡”‘ˆ–Š‡…‹–›ǡ—•‡†
ˆ”‘–Š‡ͳͲ–Š–‘–Š‡ͳͺ–Š…‡–—”›Ǥ”‡…‡–‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘Šƒ•›‹‡Ž†‡†ƒ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘‘ˆ‘”‡
–Šƒ ͶͲͲͲ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ǡ ’”‘˜‹†‹‰ ƒ •—„•–ƒ–‹ƒŽ Ž‘‰‹–—†‹ƒŽ •ƒ’Ž‹‰ •‡–Ǥ Š‡ –‹‡ –”ƒ•‡…–
‡…‘’ƒ••‡•–Š‡‹––Ž‡ …‡‰‡ǡ†—”‹‰™Š‹…Šƒ›‹ˆ‡…–‹‘—•†‹•‡ƒ•‡•”‡ƒ…Š‡†‡’‹†‡‹…Ž‡˜‡Ž•‹
—”‘’‡Ǥ‡–ƒ‰‡‘‹…†ƒ–ƒˆ”‘–‡‡–ŠȋαͳͷͳȌŠƒ”˜‡•–‡†ˆ”‘—Ž–‹’Ž‡„—”‹ƒŽ•ƒ”‡„‡‹‰ƒƒŽ›œ‡†
ˆ‘” –Š‡ ’”‡•‡…‡ ‘ˆ ’ƒ–Š‘‰‡  —•‹‰ ‡š– ‰‡‡”ƒ–‹‘ •Š‘–‰— •‡“—‡…‹‰ ƒ† ƒ ‹ǦŠ‘—•‡
…‘’—–ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ ’‹’‡Ž‹‡Ǥ Š‡ •’‡…–”— ‘ˆ †‹•‡ƒ•‡• ‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡† ™‹ŽŽ …‘–”‹„—–‡ –‘ ƒ „‡––‡”
—†‡”•–ƒ†‹‰‘ˆ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ǦŽ‡˜‡ŽŠ‡ƒŽ–Š†—”‹‰–Š‹•’‡”‹‘†ǡ™‹–Š•’‡…‹ƒŽƒ––‡–‹‘‰‹˜‡–‘…‘Ǧ
‹ˆ‡…–‹‘•†—”‹‰–Š‹•’‡”‹‘†‘ˆ…Ž‹ƒ–‹…‹•–ƒ„‹Ž‹–›Ǥ


PARASITIC INFECTION IN A MARSHLAND CLIMATE: THE BRONZE AGE PILE DWELLING
SETTLEMENT OF MUST FARM, UK (920-790 BC)
ƒ”‹••ƒ Ǥ 
ǡ Ž‹•ƒ„‡–Š
  ǡ ƒ†‹  ǡ ƒ…Š‡Ž ǡ ƒ” 
ǡ
‹‡”•Ǥ  

Š‡•‹–‡‘ˆ—•– ƒ”‹•‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡„‡•–Ǧ’”‡•‡”˜‡†”‘œ‡‰‡•‡––Ž‡‡–•‹—”‘’‡Ǥ‘…ƒ–‡†‹
–Š‡ ƒ”•Š‡• ‘ˆ ƒ•– ‰Ž‹ƒǡ ‹– ™ƒ• ƒ ’‹Ž‡ †™‡ŽŽ‹‰ •‡––Ž‡‡– …‘’”‹•‡† ‘ˆ ƒ •‡”‹‡• ‘ˆ •–‹Ž–‡†
•–”—…–—”‡• ™‹–Š ƒ †‡ˆ‡•‹˜‡ ’ƒŽ‹•ƒ†‡ǡ ƒŽŽ …‘•–”—…–‡† ‘˜‡” ƒ •Ž‘™Ǧ‘˜‹‰ ”‹˜‡”Ǥ ‡”› Ž‹––Ž‡ ‹•
…—””‡–Ž›‘™ƒ„‘—––Š‡‹†•‘ˆ‹–‡•–‹ƒŽ†‹•‡ƒ•‡•–Šƒ–‹ˆ‡…–‡†’‡‘’Ž‡‹”‘œ‡‰‡”‹–ƒ‹ǡ
ƒ†‡•’‡…‹ƒŽŽ›Š‘™–Š‡•‡˜ƒ”‹‡†‹†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–…Ž‹ƒ–‡•ǤŠ‡”‡ˆ‘”‡ǡ•ƒ’Ž‡•‘ˆ•‡†‹‡–†ƒ–‹‰ˆ”‘
–Š‡–‹‡‘ˆ–Š‡•‡––Ž‡‡–™‡”‡–ƒ‡ˆ”‘ˆ‹˜‡†™‡ŽŽ‹‰•ƒ––Š‡‹”‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘ǡƒŽ‘‰™‹–Š…‘–”‘Ž
•ƒ’Ž‡•ˆ”‘–Š‡•‹–‡ǤŠ‡•ƒ’Ž‡•™‡”‡’”‘…‡••‡†—•‹‰‹…”‘•‹‡˜‡•ƒ†ƒƒŽ›•‡†™‹–Š†‹‰‹–ƒŽ
Ž‹‰Š– ‹…”‘•…‘’› –‘ †‡–‡…– –Š‡ ‡‰‰• ‘ˆ ‹–‡•–‹ƒŽ ’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‹… ™‘”•ǡ ƒ† ™‹–Š   –‘ †‡–‡…–
’”‘–‘œ‘ƒŽ’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡•–Šƒ–…ƒ…ƒ—•‡†›•‡–‡”›ǤŠ‡‡‰‰•‘ˆˆ‹•Š–ƒ’‡™‘”ǡ™Š‹’™‘”ǡ‰‹ƒ–‹†‡›
™‘”ǡƒ†Capillaria™‘”™‡”‡ˆ‘—†ǤŠ‹•‹•–Š‡‡ƒ”Ž‹‡•–‡˜‹†‡…‡ˆ‘”ˆ‹•Š–ƒ’‡™‘”ƒ†‰‹ƒ–
‹†‡›™‘”‹”‹–ƒ‹Ǥ ‹•Š–ƒ’‡™‘”‹‘”–Š‡”—”‘’‡‹•…‘–”ƒ…–‡†„›‡ƒ–‹‰”ƒ™ǡ•‘‡†ǡ
’‹…Ž‡†‘”—†‡”…‘‘‡†ˆ”‡•Š™ƒ–‡”ˆ‹•Šǡ™Š‹Ž‡‰‹ƒ–‹†‡›™‘”‹•…‘–”ƒ…–‡†„›‡ƒ–‹‰”ƒ™ˆ‹•Š
‘”ˆ”‘‰•Ǥ˜‹†‡…‡ˆ‘”–Š‡•‡’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡•‰‹˜‡—•‹•‹‰Š–•‹–‘†‹‡–ƒ”›ƒ†…‘‘‹‰Šƒ„‹–•‹–Š‡˜‹ŽŽƒ‰‡Ǥ
– ‹• —…Ž‡ƒ” ™Š‡–Š‡” –Š‡ ™Š‹’™‘” ‘”‹‰‹ƒ–‡† ‹ Š—ƒ• ‘” ’‹‰•ǡ ƒ• –Š‡ ‡‰‰ ‘ˆ „‘–Š •’‡…‹‡•
ƒ’’‡ƒ” ‹†‡–‹…ƒŽ ‘ ‹…”‘•…‘’›Ǥ – ‹• ‹–‡”‡•–‹‰ –Šƒ– ”‘—†™‘”ǡ ‰‡‡”ƒŽŽ› …‘‘ ‹ ‡ƒ”Ž›
ˆƒ”‹‰…‘—‹–‹‡•ƒ…”‘••—”‘’‡ǡ†‘‡•‘–•‡‡–‘Šƒ˜‡„‡‡’”‡•‡–‹–Š‹•’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘Ǥ –
ƒ’’‡ƒ”• –Šƒ– –Š‡ …Ž‹ƒ–‡ ƒ† ƒ”•Š› ‡˜‹”‘‡– ‘ˆ —•– ƒ” ’—– ‹Šƒ„‹–ƒ–• ƒ– ”‹• ‘ˆ
’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡• …‘–”ƒ…–‡† ˆ”‘ ‡ƒ–‹‰ ”ƒ™ ˆ‹•Šǡ ™Š‹Ž‡ ’‘–‡–‹ƒŽŽ› ’”‘–‡…–‹‰ –Š‡ ˆ”‘ ‹ˆ‡…–‹‘ „›
”‘—†™‘”ǡ™Š‹…Š‡‡†•†”›Žƒ†–‘…‘’Ž‡–‡‹–•Ž‹ˆ‡…›…Ž‡Ǥ

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

3

THE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE ON TUBERCULOSIS EVOLUTION IN THE LATE
PLEISTOCENE/EARLY HOLOCENE
ƒ˜‹†   

Š‡ ‘Ž†‡•– …ƒ•‡• ‘ˆ –—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹• ȋȌ ‹ Homo sapiens Šƒ˜‡ „‡‡ ’”‘˜‡ ‹ •‡Ž‡–‘• ˆ”‘
•‡––Ž‡‡–• ‹ –Š‡ ƒ•–‡” ‡†‹–‡””ƒ‡ƒǡ †ƒ–‹‰ ˆ”‘ –Š‡ •–ƒ”– ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‘Ž‘…‡‡ ƒ”‘—† ͳͲ
–Š‘—•ƒ†›‡ƒ”•ȋͳͲƒȌƒ‰‘Ǥ •—„•‡“—‡–„‡‡˜‘Ž‡–…Ž‹ƒ–‡•ǡ‡˜‘Ž˜‹‰‘†‡”–—„‡”…Ž‡„ƒ…‹ŽŽ‹
™‡”‡†‹••‡‹ƒ–‡†™‹†‡Ž›‹Š—ƒ•ƒ†ƒ‹ƒŽ•Ǥ –Š‡Žƒ–‡Ž‡‹•–‘…‡‡ǡ–Š‡”‡ƒ”‡‘”‡…‘”†•‘ˆ
‹H. sapiens„—––Š‡”‡‹•†‡˜‡Ž‘’‹‰‡˜‹†‡…‡ˆ‘”‹‡‰ƒˆƒ—ƒǡ†ƒ–‹‰„ƒ…–‘ƒ–Ž‡ƒ•––Š‡
‡‹ƒ’‡”‹‘†ȋ̱ͳʹͷƒȌǤ‡Ž‡–ƒŽ‹•˜‡”›…Ž‡ƒ”Ž›†‡ˆ‹‡†‹Ž‡‹•–‘…‡‡„‹•‘„›‡–ƒ…ƒ”’ƒŽ
lesions “undermining the articular surface”. In a 17ka Bison antiquus ‡–ƒ…ƒ”’ƒŽ ˆ”‘ ƒ–—”ƒŽ
”ƒ’ƒ˜‡ǡ›‘‹‰ǡ™ƒ•…‘ˆ‹”‡†„›ƒ’Ž‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘‘ˆˆ”ƒ‰‡–•ǡ•—’’‘”–‡†„›
›…‘…‡”‘•‹… ƒ…‹† Ž‹’‹† „‹‘ƒ”‡”•Ǥ  —’—„Ž‹•Š‡† ™‘”ǡ •—…Š Ž‹’‹† „‹‘ƒ”‡”• ‹†‹…ƒ–‡
–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•‹ƒ̱ͶͷƒBison priscusmetacarpal from Kent’s Cavern, UK and ~12ka mastodon
‡–ƒ…ƒ”’ƒŽ•ˆ”‘ ‹•…‘…ǡǤ‹…”‘Ǧ•…ƒ‹‰‘ˆ„‹•‘‡–ƒ…ƒ”’ƒŽ•”‡˜‡ƒŽ•†‹ƒ‰‘•–‹…
‹–‡”ƒŽŽ‡•‹‘•ǡ„ƒ…–‘ƒ̱ͳʹͲƒB. priscusˆ”‘Š”‘’ŠƒǡǤŠ‡Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽŠ›’‘–Š‡•‹•‹•–Šƒ–
‡˜‘Ž˜‡†ˆ”‘‡˜‹”‘‡–ƒŽ›…‘„ƒ…–‡”‹ƒ‹—”ƒ•‹ƒŽ‡‹•–‘…‡‡‡‰ƒˆƒ—ƒǡƒ„Ž‡–‘–‘Ž‡”ƒ–‡–Š‡
…‘Ž†‡•–†‡’–Š•‘ˆ–Š‡ …‡‰‡…Ž‹ƒ–‡–Šƒ– Ǥ•ƒ’‹‡•…‘—Ž†‘–•—”˜‹˜‡ǤŠ‡ˆ‹”•––—„‡”…Ž‡„ƒ…‹ŽŽ‹ǡ
related to “Mycobacterium canettii”, may have become sufficiently hydrophobic for aerosol
–”ƒ•‹••‹‘ ˆ”‘ ̱ͷͲƒ ‘™ƒ”†•Ǥ – ‹• ’‘••‹„Ž‡ –Šƒ– –Š‹• —’•—”‰‡ ‹  ˜‹”—Ž‡…‡ ƒ› Šƒ˜‡
…‘–”‹„—–‡† –‘ ‡‰ƒˆƒ—ƒŽ ‡š–‹…–‹‘• —’ –‘ –Š‡ ‘•‡– ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‘Ž‘…‡‡Ǥ ’”‘˜‹‰ —”ƒ•‹ƒ
…Ž‹ƒ–‡’”‘˜‡†ƒ––”ƒ…–‹˜‡–‘Š—ƒ•ǡ‹‰”ƒ–‹‰‘—–‘ˆˆ”‹…ƒǡ™Š‘…‘—Ž†Šƒ˜‡…‘–”ƒ…–‡†Š‹‰ŠŽ›Ǧ
˜‹”—Ž‡–ˆ”‘†‹‹‹•Š‹‰Š‡”†•‘ˆ‡‰ƒˆƒ—ƒǤ –‹•’”‘„ƒ„Ž‡•—…Š‡…‘—–‡”•”‡•—Ž–‡†‹–Š‡
‘Ž†‡•–…ƒ•‡•‹H. sapiensǡ•—…Šƒ•̱ͻƒ–Ž‹–Ǧƒȋ •”ƒ‡ŽȌand ~10ka Dja’de el Mughara (Syria).
PARASITES AND CLIMATE IN MEDIEVAL IBERIA: INTESTINAL PARASITES IN SIX ISLAMIC
PERIOD CESSPITS FROM CÓRDOBA (SPAIN) AND MÉRTOLA (PORTUGAL)
‹‡”• Ǥ   ǡ ‡Žƒ‡› ǡ ‹ŽŽ‹ƒ   ǡ ƒ”‹••ƒ Ǥ 
ǡ ‡‘‘” SǦ
 ǡ ‘”†2Ǧ
 ǡƒˆƒ‡Ž2ǡƒ”‹ƒ†‡ ž–‹ƒ

Š‡˜ƒ•–ƒŒ‘”‹–›‘ˆ”‡•‡ƒ”…Š‹–‘ƒ…‹‡–’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡•‹—”‘’‡Šƒ•ˆ‘…—•‡†—’‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
•‹–‡•ˆ”‘–Š‡™‡ŽŽǦ™ƒ–‡”‡†‘”–Š‡”ŠƒŽˆ‘ˆ–Š‡…‘–‹‡–ǡ™‹–Š˜‡”›Ž‹––Ž‡ƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ–Š‡Š‘––‡”ǡ
†”›‡””‡‰‹‘•™‹–Šƒ‡†‹–‡””ƒ‡ƒ…Ž‹ƒ–‡Ǥ ‡”‡™‡’”‡•‡–‘—”ƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ•‹š…‡••’‹–•ˆ”‘
•‘—–Š‡” „‡”‹ƒǤ ‘—”…‡••’‹–•™‡”‡ˆ”‘ͳͲ–ŠǦͳͳ–Š…‡–—”›ה†‘„ƒȋ’ƒ‹Ȍƒ†–™‘…‡••’‹–•
ˆ”‘ͳʹ–ŠǦͳ͵–Š…‡–—”›±”–‘Žƒȋ‘”–—‰ƒŽȌǤ––Š‡–‹‡–Š‡•‡…‡••’‹–•™‡”‡‹—•‡ǡה†‘„ƒ™ƒ•ƒ
Žƒ”‰‡ƒ†’”‘•’‡”‘—•…ƒ’‹–ƒŽ…‹–›‘ˆ–Š‡ƒŽ‹’Šƒ–‡‘ˆה†‘„ƒǡ™Š‹Ž‡±”–‘Žƒ™ƒ•ƒ‹†‡’‡†‡–
—•Ž‹’”‹…‹’ƒŽ‹–›Ǥ—Ž–‹’Ž‡•ƒ’Ž‡•™‡”‡–ƒ‡ˆ”‘‡ƒ…Š…‡••’‹–ǡƒ†–Š‡•‡†‹‡–ƒƒŽ›œ‡†
ˆ‘”‡˜‹†‡…‡‘ˆ’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡•—•‹‰†‹‰‹–ƒŽŽ‹‰Š–‹…”‘•…‘’›ƒ†‡œ›‡ǦŽ‹‡†‹—‘•‘”„‡–ƒ••ƒ›
ȋ ȌǤ‡ˆ‘—†–Š‡‡‰‰•‘ˆ”‘—†™‘”‹‡˜‡”›…‡••’‹–ƒƒŽ›œ‡†ǡ„—–‘‡˜‹†‡…‡ˆ‘”‘–Š‡”
•’‡…‹‡•‘ˆŠ‡Ž‹–Šǡƒ†‘‡˜‹†‡…‡ˆ‘”’”‘–‘œ‘ƒŽ’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡•–Šƒ–…ƒ—•‡†›•‡–‡”›Ǥ‘—†™‘”‹•
•’”‡ƒ†„›Š—ƒˆ‡…‡•…‘–ƒ‹ƒ–‹‰ˆ‘‘†ƒ††”‹ǡ•‘‹–•’”‡•‡…‡…ƒ„‡—•‡†ƒ•ƒƒ”‡”‘ˆ
Š›‰‹‡‡‹ƒ’ƒ•–’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘Ǥ—”ˆ‹†‹‰•…Ž‘•‡Ž›ƒ–…Š–Š‘•‡‘„–ƒ‹‡†„›‘–Š‡”•–—†‹‡•‘ˆ’‡Ž˜‹…
•‘‹Žˆ”‘‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ‘”–—‰ƒŽǡƒ†‘—”‘™”‡•‡ƒ”…Š‹
”‡‡…‡ƒ†—”‡›ǡ™Š‡”‡’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡•ˆ‘—†
™‡”‡‹˜ƒ”‹ƒ„Ž›•’‡…‹‡••’”‡ƒ†„›ˆ‡…ƒŽ…‘–ƒ‹ƒ–‹‘ǤŠ‹•‹•‹…‘–”ƒ•–™‹–Š–Š‡•‹–—ƒ–‹‘‹
‘”–Š‡”—”‘’‡ǡ™Š‡”‡–Š‡”‡‹•‰‘‘†‡˜‹†‡…‡ˆ‘”ƒ”ƒ‰‡‘ˆœ‘‘‘–‹…’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡•…‘–”ƒ…–‡†ˆ”‘
‡ƒ–‹‰–Š‡‡ƒ–‘ˆƒ‹ƒŽ•ǤŠ‡‡˜‹†‡…‡•—‰‰‡•–•ƒ…Ž‡ƒ”‘”–ŠǦ•‘—–Š†‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡‹–Š‡–›’‡•‘ˆ
’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡•–Šƒ–‹ˆ‡…–‡†’‡‘’Ž‡‹—”‘’‡‹–Š‡’ƒ•–Ǥ‡•—•’‡…––Š‡…‘–”ƒ•–‹…Ž‹ƒ–‡„‡–™‡‡
‘”–Š‡”ƒ†•‘—–Š‡”—”‘’‡–‘„‡–Š‡ƒŒ‘”…‘–”‹„—–‹‰ˆƒ…–‘”–‘˜ƒ”‹ƒ–‹‘•‹’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡•’‡…‹‡•
ˆ‘—†‹‡ƒ…Šƒ”‡ƒǤ


BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

4

DROUGHT, POLITICAL DECLINE, AND TUBERCULOSIS IN HUARI, PERU
Ž‹œƒ„‡–ŠǤǡ†‹–›ƒ—ƒ” ǡƒ”‹ƒǡ%•Š‹Ž† Ǥ%
ǡŽ‡šƒ†‡”

ǡ‹ˆˆ‹›Ǥ
ǡ‹”•–‡ Ǥ

Š”‘—‰Š‘—–Š‹•–‘”›–Š‡…ƒ—•ƒ–‹˜‡ƒ‰‡–‘ˆ–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•ǡMycobacterium tuberculosisǡŠƒ•‰”‡ƒ–Ž›
‹’ƒ…–‡† ‰Ž‘„ƒŽ Š‡ƒŽ–ŠǤ Ž–Š‘—‰Š ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ‡˜‹†‡…‡ •—‰‰‡•– –Š‡ ˆ”‡“—‡…› ‘ˆ M.
tuberculosis ‹ˆ‡…–‹‘• Šƒ• †‡…”‡ƒ•‡† ‹ ”‡…‡– …‡–—”‹‡•ǡ –—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹• ȋȌ ”‡ƒ‹• ƒ Ž‡ƒ†‹‰
…ƒ—•‡‘ˆ†‡ƒ–Šƒ†‹•…—””‡–Ž›‘–Š‡”‹•‡‘…‡ƒ‰ƒ‹Žƒ”‰‡Ž›†—‡–‘–Š‡‡‡”‰‡…‡‘ˆƒ–‹„‹‘–‹…
”‡•‹•–ƒ– •–”ƒ‹•Ǥ Š‡ •’”‡ƒ† ‘ˆ M. tuberculosis ‹• ’”‘‘–‡† –Š”‘—‰Š ‹‰”ƒ–‹‘ǡ ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘
…”‘™†‹‰ǡ †”‘—‰Š–ǡ ƒŽ—–”‹–‹‘ǡ ƒ† ’‘˜‡”–›Ǥ ƒ› ‘ˆ –Š‡•‡ …‘†‹–‹‘• …Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹œ‡ –Š‡ ƒ–‡
–‡”‡†‹ƒ–‡‡”‹‘†ȋ ǡͳͲͲͲǦͳͶͲͲȌ‹–Š‡›ƒ…—…Š‘”‡‰‹‘‘ˆ‡”—Ǥ –Š‡‡ƒ”Ž› ǡ–Š‡”‡
™ƒ•ƒ’”‘Ž‘‰‡†ƒ†•‡˜‡”‡†”‘—‰Š–ƒ†–Š‡ƒ”‹’‹”‡–Šƒ–Šƒ†”—Ž‡†ˆ”‘…ƒǤ͸ͲͲ–ͳͲͲͲ
†‡…Ž‹‡†Ǥ –”‡ƒ‹•—…Ž‡ƒ”™Šƒ–”‘Ž‡–Š‡…Ž‹ƒ–‡•Š‹ˆ–’Žƒ›‡†‹–Š‡†‡…Ž‹‡‘ˆƒ”‹Ǥ•–‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
ƒƒŽ›•‡• ‘ˆ …‘‹‰Ž‡†Š—ƒ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹• ˆ”‘ –Š‡‡”‹ƒŽ ƒ”‹ ‡”ƒ ȋͻͷͲ – ͳͲͷͲ Ȍ
ˆ”‘ –Š‡ …ƒ’‹–ƒŽ …‹–› ‘ˆ —ƒ”‹ ‡šŠ‹„‹– •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ …Šƒ‰‡• …‘•‹•–‡– ™‹–Š Ǥ —”–Š‡”‘”‡ǡ
’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•„—”‹‡†ƒ– —ƒ”‹͵ͲͲ›‡ƒ”•Žƒ–‡”ȋͳ͵ͲͲ–ͳͶͲͲȌǡ™Š‡–Š‡†”‘—‰Š–ƒ’’‡ƒ”•–‘Šƒ˜‡
„‡‡ ‘ –Š‡ ™ƒ‡ǡ ‡šŠ‹„‹– •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ Ž‡•‹‘• ‘ –Š‡ ˜‡”–‡„”ƒ‡ –Šƒ– ƒ”‡ …‘•‹•–‡– ™‹–Š Ǥ ‘
…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹œ‡–Š‡Ž‹‡ƒ‰‡•‘ˆ–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•’”‡•‡–ƒ– —ƒ”‹ƒ†–‘†‡–‡”‹‡–Š‡‹””‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’–‘
‘–Š‡”•…‹”…—Žƒ–‹‰™‹–Š‹–Š‡”‡‰‹‘™‡’‡”ˆ‘”‡†‘Ž‡…—Žƒ”ƒƒŽ›•‡•Ǥ ‡”‡™‡’”‡•‡–†ƒ–ƒˆ”‘
ͻ͵˜‡”–‡„”ƒ‡ƒ†ͳͳ”‹„•”‡…‘˜‡”‡†ˆ”‘…‘‹‰Ž‡†ƒ••‡„Žƒ‰‡•™‹–Š‹ —ƒ”‹Žƒ”‰‡Ž›ˆ”‘–Š‡
Žƒ–‡   „—– ƒŽ•‘ •‘‡ ”‡’”‡•‡–ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‡”‹ƒŽ ƒ”‹ ‡”ƒ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‡ƒ”Ž›  Ǥ •‹‰ ‘˜‡Ž
‡–Š‘†•‘ˆ”‡…‘˜‡”›ƒ††‡–‡…–‹‘Ǧ„ƒ•‡†ƒƒŽ›•‹•ǡ™‡™‡”‡ƒ„Ž‡–‘‹†‡–‹ˆ›ƒ†”‡…‘˜‡”
ˆ—ŽŽMycobacterium tuberculosis‰‡‘‡•ˆ”‘ƒ‹‹——„‡”‘ˆ͸‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ǤŠ‹•’”‘˜‹†‡•
‹•‹‰Š–‹–‘–Š‡‡…‘Ž‘‰›ƒ†‡˜‘Ž—–‹‘ƒ”›Š‹•–‘”›‘ˆ‹–Š‡†‡•ƒ†‹–•’‘••‹„Ž‡”‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’
–‘–Š‡‘•‡–ƒ†Ž‘‰†—”ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ•‡˜‡”‡†”‘—‰Š–Ǥ


ANCIENT MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE GENOMES REVEAL AN UNEXPECTED DIVERSITY OF
LEPROSY IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE
‡”‡ƒ  ǡ Šƒ”Ž‘––‡  ǡ ‡ Ǧǡ Ž‡šƒ†‡”  ǡ Ž‡šƒ†‡”

ǡ ƒ”ƒŠ  ǡ ‹…Šƒ‡Ž ǡ —•Š’‡†”ƒ  
ǡ ‡•’‡” ǡ ‡Ž‡ Ǥ

ǡ ‘‹ƒ —–Š  ǡ †”‡Œ  ǡ ƒ›  ǡ –‡™ƒ”– ǡ ‘Šƒ‡•


–—†›‹‰ƒ…‹‡–ƒŽŽ‘™•—•–‘”‡–”ƒ…‡–Š‡‡˜‘Ž—–‹‘ƒ”›Š‹•–‘”›‘ˆŠ—ƒ’ƒ–Š‘‰‡•ǡ•—…Šƒ•
Mycobacterium lepraeǡ ‘‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ –™‘ …ƒ—•ƒ–‹˜‡ ƒ‰‡–• ‘ˆ Ž‡’”‘•›Ǥ ‡’”‘•› ‹• ‘‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡‘Ž†‡•–
”‡…‘”†‡† ƒ† ‘•– •–‹‰ƒ–‹œ‡† †‹•‡ƒ•‡• ‹ Š—ƒ Š‹•–‘”›Ǥ ‹†‡•’”‡ƒ† ‹ ‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ —”‘’‡ǡ
Ž‡’”‘•› †‡…Ž‹‡† ‹ –Š‡ ͳ͸–Š …‡–—”› ƒ† •—„•‡“—‡–Ž› †‹•ƒ’’‡ƒ”‡† ˆ”‘ —”‘’‡Ǥ ‘™‡˜‡”ǡ
Ž‡’”‘•›‹•‡†‡‹…ƒ‹Ž›‹–Š‡–”‘’‹…•ƒ†•—„–”‘’‹…•ǡ™‹–Š‘˜‡”ʹͲͲǡͲͲͲ‡™…ƒ•‡•”‡…‘”†‡†
ƒ—ƒŽŽ›Ǥ ”‡˜‹‘—• •–—†‹‡• ‘ ™‘”Ž†™‹†‡ ‘†‡” ƒ† —”‘’‡ƒ ‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ M. leprae ‰‡‘‡•
”‡˜‡ƒŽ‡† –Šƒ– –Š‡› …Ž—•–‡” ‹–‘ ˆ‹˜‡ •‡’ƒ”ƒ–‡ Ž‹‡ƒ‰‡• ‘ˆ ™Š‹…Š –™‘ ™‡”‡ ’”‡•‡– ‹ ‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ
‘”–Š™‡•–‡”—”‘’‡Ǥ ‘—”’”‡•‡–•–—†›ǡ™‡ƒƒŽ›œ‡†ƒ††‹–‹‘ƒŽ‡†‹‡˜ƒŽM. leprae‰‡‘‡•
‹…Ž—†‹‰–Š‡•‘ˆƒ”‘Ž†‡•–M. leprae‰‡‘‡ˆ”‘‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡‡ƒ”Ž‹‡•–‘™…ƒ•‡•‘ˆŽ‡’”‘•›‹–Š‡
‹–‡†‹‰†‘—ƒ•‡Ž‡–‘ˆ”‘–Š‡
”‡ƒ–Š‡•–‡”ˆ‘”†…‡‡–‡”›™‹–Šƒ…ƒŽ‹„”ƒ–‡††ƒ–‡‘ˆͶͳͷ–
ͷͶͷǤŠ‹•Žƒ–‡•–†ƒ–ƒ•‡–’”‘˜‹†‡•ƒ‰‡‡–‹…–‹‡–”ƒ•‡…–‘ˆM. leprae†‹˜‡”•‹–›‹—”‘’‡‘˜‡”
–Š‡Žƒ•–ͳͷͲͲ›‡ƒ”•Ǥ‡ˆ‹†ˆ‘—”‘ˆ–Š‡ˆ‹˜‡‘™†‹•–‹…–M. lepraeŽ‹‡ƒ‰‡•–‘„‡’”‡•‡–‹–Š‡
‡ƒ”Ž›‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ’‡”‹‘†ǡƒ†–Š”‡‡Ž‹‡ƒ‰‡•™‡”‡†‡–‡…–‡†™‹–Š‹ƒ•‹‰Ž‡…‡‡–‡”›ˆ”‘–Š‡Š‹‰Š
‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ’‡”‹‘†ǤŽ–‘‰‡–Š‡”–Š‡•‡ˆ‹†‹‰••—‰‰‡•–ƒŠ‹‰Š‡”‰‡‡–‹…†‹˜‡”•‹–›‘ˆM. leprae•–”ƒ‹•
‹‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ—”‘’‡ƒ–˜ƒ”‹‘—•–‹‡’‘‹–•–Šƒ’”‡˜‹‘—•Ž›‘™ǤŠ‡”‡•—Ž–‹‰‘”‡…‘’Ž‡š
’‹…–—”‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ’ƒ•– ’Š›Ž‘‰‡‘‰”ƒ’Š› ‘ˆ Ž‡’”‘•› ‹ —”‘’‡ ‹’ƒ…–• …—””‡– ’Š›Ž‘‰‡‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…ƒŽ
‘†‡Ž•‘ˆM. lepraeŽ‹‡ƒ‰‡••—‰‰‡•–‹‰ƒŽ–‡”ƒ–‹˜‡‘†‡Ž•ˆ‘”–Š‡’ƒ•–•’”‡ƒ†‘ˆŽ‡’”‘•›•—…Šƒ•
ƒ™‹†‡•’”‡ƒ†’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡‘ˆ†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–Ž‹‡ƒ‰‡•‹—”ƒ•‹ƒƒŽ”‡ƒ†›‹ƒ–‹“—‹–›‘”ƒ›„‡‡˜‡ƒ
‘”‹‰‹‹‡•–‡”—”ƒ•‹ƒǤ —”–Š‡”‘”‡ǡ–Š‡•‡”‡•—Ž–•Š‹‰ŠŽ‹‰Š–Š‘™•–—†›‹‰ƒ…‹‡– M. leprae
•–”ƒ‹•‹’”‘˜‡•—†‡”•–ƒ†‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡Š‹•–‘”›‘ˆŽ‡’”‘•›™‘”Ž†™‹†‡Ǥ
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

5

SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES AND MALARIA INFECTION IN KOREA BEFORE 20TH
CENTURY
‘‰ ‘‘ ǡ‹ǡ ‘‰ ƒ 
ǡ—Œ—

ƒŽƒ”‹ƒǡ •–‹ŽŽ ƒˆˆ‡…–‹‰ ƒ› ’‡‘’Ž‡ ™‘”Ž†™‹†‡ǡ ™ƒ• ‘‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ †‡ƒ†Ž‹‡•– ‹ˆ‡…–‹‘—• †‹•‡ƒ•‡• ‹
Š—ƒŠ‹•–‘”›ǤPlasmodium vivax‹•–Š‡•—„–›’‡‘ˆƒŽƒ”‹ƒ…‘‘Ž›ˆ‘—†‹–‡’‡”ƒ–‡Ǧœ‘‡
…‘—–”‹‡•Ǥ  –Š‹• ’”‡•‡–ƒ–‹‘ǡ ™‡ ™‹ŽŽ –ƒŽ ƒ„‘—– –Š‡ Š‹•–‘”› ‘ˆ ƒŽƒ”‹ƒŽ ‹ˆ‡…–‹‘ ‹ ‘”‡ƒǡ
…‘•‹†‡”‹‰ ‘•‡‘ †‘…—‡–• ƒ† –Š‡ ”‡Žƒ–‡† •…‹‡–‹ˆ‹… ‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘ ˆ”‘ –Š‡ ’‡”•’‡…–‹˜‡• ‘ˆ
Š‘•–Ǧ˜‡…–‘”Ǧ’ƒ–Š‘‰‡Ǧ…Ž‹ƒ–‡Ǧenvironment relationship. We will show how much Joseon people’s
Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ„‡Šƒ˜‹‘”•‘”…Ž‹ƒ–‡…Šƒ‰‡•ƒˆˆ‡…–‡†ƒŽƒ”‹ƒ‹ˆ‡…–‹‘”ƒ–‡‹Š‹•–‘”›‘ˆ‘”‡ƒǤ—”
ˆ‹†‹‰•…Ž‡ƒ”Ž›‹†‹…ƒ–‡–Šƒ––Š‡‡˜‹”‘‡–ƒŽ…Šƒ‰‡•†—‡–‘Š—ƒ„‡Šƒ˜‹‘”—•–„‡”‡‰ƒ”†‡†
ƒ•‹’‘”–ƒ–ƒ•ƒ–—”ƒŽ…Šƒ‰‡•‹…Ž‹ƒ–‡™ƒ•Ǥƒ‡„‘–Šˆƒ…–‘”•–‘‰‡–Š‡”ǡ™‡…ƒƒƒ‰‡–‘
”‡˜‡ƒŽ–Š‡”‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’„‡–™‡‡‡…‘Ž‘‰›‘ˆ…Ž‹ƒ–‡…Šƒ‰‡ƒ†‹ˆ‡…–‹‘—•†‹•‡ƒ•‡•‘”‡‡˜‹†‡–Ž›Ǥ
Š‹• ”‡•‡ƒ”…Š ™ƒ• •—’’‘”–‡† „› ƒ•‹… …‹‡…‡ ‡•‡ƒ”…Š ”‘‰”ƒ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ ‡•‡ƒ”…Š
‘—†ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ‘”‡ƒȋ Ȍˆ—†‡†„›–Š‡‹‹•–”›‘ˆ†—…ƒ–‹‘ȋʹͲͳ͹ͳͳͳͲ͵Ͳ͵Ͳͳʹ͹ȌǤ





Anthropology of violence - Soldiers, warriors and everyday life
‘†‡”ƒ–‘”ǣ ƒ„‹‘ 



NEW INSIGHTS FROM TRAUMA ANALYSIS OF SKELETAL REMAINS FROM THE BENEDICTINE
MONASTERY IN BIJELA, CROATIA
Željka BEDIĆ, Andrej JANEŠ, Mario ŠLAUS

Š‡ ”—‹•‘ˆ –Š‡ ‡‡†‹…–‹‡‘ƒ•–‡”› ‘ˆ –Ǥ ƒ”‰ƒ”‡– ƒ”‡•‹–—ƒ–‡† ‹ ‹Œ‡Žƒǡ ‡ƒ”ƒ”—˜ƒ”ǡ ‹
‘”–Š‡ƒ•–‡” ”‘ƒ–‹ƒǤ  •›•–‡ƒ–‹… ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ …ƒ’ƒ‹‰ •–ƒ”–‡† ‹ ʹͲͳʹ ƒ†ǡ „› ʹͲͳ͹ǡ •‹š
‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘…ƒ’ƒ‹‰•Šƒ˜‡„‡‡…‘†—…–‡†ǤŠ—•ˆƒ”ǡ’ƒ”–‘ˆ–Š‡•‹‰Ž‡Ǧƒ˜‡†‘ƒ•–‡”›…Š—”…Š
Šƒ• „‡‡ ‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡†ǡ ”‡˜‡ƒŽ‹‰ —‡”‘—• ƒ”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ ‡Ž‡‡–•ǡ •‘‡ •ƒŽŽ ˆ‹†•ǡ ƒ† ‰”ƒ˜‡•Ǥ
—”‹‰–Š‡ͳͶ–Šƒ†ͳͷ–Š…‡–—”‹‡•–Š‡‘ƒ•–‡”›™ƒ•‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡‘•–‹’‘”–ƒ–‡‡†‹…–‹‡
…‡–”‡•‹‡†‹‡˜ƒŽŽƒ˜‘‹ƒǡ„—–ƒ––Š‡–—”‘ˆ–Š‡ͳͷ–Š…‡–—”›‹–™ƒ•—•‡†ƒ•ƒˆ‘”–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘Ǥ –
™ƒ•–Š‘—‰Š––Šƒ––Š‡‘ƒ•–‡”›ƒ†‹–•…Š—”…Š™‡”‡ƒ„ƒ†‘‡†ƒˆ–‡”–Š‡––‘ƒ…‘“—‡•–‹
–Š‡‹†Ǧͳ͸–Š…‡–—”›ǡ„—–•‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡†‰”ƒ˜‡•™‹–Š‹–Š‡…Š—”…Š†ƒ–‡ˆ”‘–Š‡•‡…‘†
ŠƒŽˆ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ͳ͸–Š –Š”‘—‰Š –‘ –Š‡ ‹†Ǧͳ͹–Š …‡–—”›ǡ ‹†‹…ƒ–‹‰ …‘–‹—‡† „—”‹ƒŽ ƒ– –Š‡ •‹–‡Ǥ
–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹•™ƒ•…ƒ””‹‡†‘—–‘ʹ͸•‡Ž‡–‘•ȋͳͻƒŽ‡•ǡ͵ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•ƒ†Ͷ•—„ƒ†—Ž–•ȌǤ
‘•– ‘ˆ –Š‡ ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ …‘†‹–‹‘• ȋ‹†‹…ƒ–‘”• ‘ˆ •—„ƒ†—Ž– •–”‡••ǡ ‡˜‹†‡…‡ ‘ˆ Šƒ”† ’Š›•‹…ƒŽ
Žƒ„‘—”ǡƒ††‡–ƒŽ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹‡•Ȍ•—‰‰‡•–’‘‘”Ž‹˜‹‰…‘†‹–‹‘•ƒ†ƒŽ‘™•–ƒ†ƒ”†‘ˆŠ‡ƒŽ–ŠǤƒ›
ƒ–‡‘”–‡ƒ†’‡”‹‘”–‡‹Œ—”‹‡•™‡”‡”‡…‘”†‡†‘–Š‡ƒƒŽ›•‡†ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽǤ ͳͻ‘—–‘ˆʹ͸
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ȋ͹͵ǤͳΨȌ ͷͺ ‹Œ—”‹‡• ƒ† ˆ‘—” ’‘••‹„Ž‡ ‹Œ—”‹‡• ™‡”‡ ‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡†Ǥ ‘‡ ͳͶ ‘—– ‘ˆ ͳͻ
…‘’Ž‡–‡ƒ†—Ž–…”ƒ‹ƒȋ͹͵Ǥ͹ΨȌǡƒ†‘‡‘—–‘ˆ–Š”‡‡…‘’Ž‡–‡•—„ƒ†—Ž–…”ƒ‹ƒȋ͵͵Ǥ͵ΨȌ‡šŠ‹„‹–‡†
–”ƒ—ƒǤ‡”‹‘”–‡‹Œ—”‹‡•™‡”‡‘„•‡”˜‡†‹ˆ‘—”ƒŽ‡•ƒ†–™‘ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•ǡ™Š‹Ž‡ƒ–‡‘”–‡
ȋŠ‡ƒŽ‡†Ȍ•Šƒ”’ˆ‘”…‡–”ƒ—ƒ™ƒ•ˆ‘—†‹–Š”‡‡ƒŽ‡•ǤŠ‡’”‡†‘‹ƒ…‡‘ˆ…”ƒ‹‘ˆƒ…‹ƒŽ‹Œ—”‹‡•ǡ
ƒ•™‡ŽŽƒ•–Š‡’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆ’‡”‹‘”–‡…”ƒ‹ƒŽ–”ƒ—ƒƒ†Š‡ƒŽ‡†•Šƒ”’ˆ‘”…‡Ž‡•‹‘••—‰‰‡•––Šƒ–
‡„‡”•‘ˆ–Š‹•…‘—‹–›™‡”‡•—„Œ‡…–‡†–‘Š‹‰ŠŽ‡˜‡Ž•‘ˆ‹–‡–‹‘ƒŽ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡Ǥ
THE COUNT GUECELLO II OF PRATA, A FREDERICK II HOHENSTAUFEN'S LIEUTENANT.
PALEOPATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN A MEDIEVAL KNIGHT
•–‡” ǡƒ”‹ƒŽ—‹•ƒǡƒ”‹‘  ǡƒ‘Žƒ  ǡ ƒ„‹‘ 

ͳʹ͸ʹ–Š‡‘—–
—‡…‡ŽŽ‘ ™ƒ•„—”‹‡†ǡ„›Š‹•‡š’”‡••™‹ŽŽǡ‹–Š‡Š—”…Š‘ˆƒ
‹‘˜ƒ‹ƒ”ƒ–ƒ
†‹‘”†‡‘‡Ǥ ””‡†—…‹„Ž‡
Š‹„‡ŽŽ‹‡ǡŠ‡Šƒ†ˆ‘—‰Š–ƒŽ‘‰•‹†‡Š‹•…‘—•‹Ezzelino III “the terrible”
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

6

ƒ†ƒ……‘’ƒ‹‡†–Š‡’‡”‘” ”‡†‡”‹…  ‘Š‡•–ƒ—ˆ‡”‹Š‹•‹Ž‹–ƒ”›ƒ…–‹˜‹–›‹‘”–Š‡” –ƒŽ›Ǥ

—‡…‡ŽŽ‘”‡–‹”‡†‹‹Š‹•’‘••‡••‹‘•‹”ƒ–ƒƒ”‘—†ͳʹ͸Ͳǡƒˆ–‡”–Š‡–”ƒ‰‹…‡†‘ˆ–Š‡†ƒ‘ƒ‘
ˆƒ‹Ž›Ǥ—”‹‰–Š‡”‡•–‘”ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡…Š—”…Š‹–™ƒ•’‘••‹„Ž‡–‘˜‡”‹ˆ›–Šƒ––Š‹•„—‹Ž†‹‰™ƒ•—•‡†
„›–Š‡”ƒ–ƒˆƒ‹Ž›ƒ•ƒ„—”‹ƒŽ’Žƒ…‡ˆ”‘–Š‡‹††Ž‡‘ˆ–Š‡ͳ͵–Š…‡–—”›—’–‘–Š‡‡†‘ˆ–Š‡ͳͶ–Š
…‡–—”›Ǥ – ™ƒ• ƒŽ•‘ ’‘••‹„Ž‡ –‘ ‹†‡–‹ˆ› –Š‡ „—”‹ƒŽ ‘ˆ
—‡…‡ŽŽ‘ Ǥ Š‡ ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽǡ
’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒ† ’ƒŽ‡‘”ƒ†‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒƒŽ›•‹• ‘ –Š‡ ”‡ƒ‹• ‘ˆ
—‡…‡ŽŽ‘ †‡‘•–”ƒ–‡ –Š‡
̶˜‹‘Ž‡–̶ƒ…–‹˜‹–›‘ˆƒ‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ‹‰Š–™Š‘•—……‡‡†‡†‡˜‡”–Š‡Ž‡••–‘†‹‡‹Š‹•‘™„‡†ǤŠ‹•
’ƒ’‡” ƒŽ•‘ †‹•…—••‡• –Š‡—•‡ˆ—Ž‡••‘ˆ ’ƒŽ‡‘”ƒ†‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒƒŽ›•‹• ‘ˆ –Š‡•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹•‹ –Š‡
”‡…‘•–”—…–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡„‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽŠ‹•–‘”›‘ˆ–Š‹•‘„Ž‡ƒǤ
ANTHROPOLOGY OF VIOLENCE: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY FRAMEWORK
ƒ„‹‘ 

–‡”’‡”•‘ƒŽ ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡ ƒ• –Š‡ ”‡•‘Ž—–‹‘ ‘ˆ …‘ˆŽ‹…–• …”‘••‡• –Š‡ ™Š‘Ž‡ Š‹•–‘”› ‘ˆ Š—ƒ‹–› „›
creating “institutional” figures such as the soldier or, more generally, the warrior authorized to
ƒ†‹‹•–‡”–Š‡˜‹‘Ž‡…‡Ǥˆ…‘—”•‡ǡ‹–‡”’‡”•‘ƒŽ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡‹•‘––Š‡’”‡”‘‰ƒ–‹˜‡‘ˆ’”‘ˆ‡••‹‘ƒŽ•
‘”’”‡•‡–‘Ž›‹’‡”‹‘†•‘ˆ•‘…‹ƒŽ‘”‡–Š‹……‘ˆŽ‹…t or war but permeate all societies as “private”
‡’‹•‘†‡••—…Šƒ•—”†‡”‘”’‡”•‘ƒŽ‹Œ—”›Ǥ‘––‘‡–‹‘–Š‡…ƒ•‡•‘ˆ”‹–—ƒŽ•ƒ…”‡†˜‹‘Ž‡…‡‘”
other forms of traumatic intervention of the body for “good” purposes, like the castration to obtain
Š‹‰ŠǦ˜‘‹…‡•‹‰‡”•‹ Ǧ …‡–—”›—”‘’‡ǤŠ‡•‡—Ž–‹ˆƒ…‡–‡†’”‡•‡–ƒ–‹‘•‘ˆ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡‡‡†•
ƒ —Ž–‹Ǧ ‘” ‹–‡”†‹•…‹’Ž‹ƒ”› ƒ’’”‘ƒ…Š –‘ –Š‡ ’”‘„Ž‡ ™Š‡”‡ –Š‡ ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒ’’”‘ƒ…Š
ƒ‹–ƒ‹•ǡ‡˜‡”–Š‡Ž‡••ǡƒ…‡–”ƒŽ”‘Ž‡Ǥ

“TO DIE BUT DO NOT FALL BACK”. ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDY OF SKELETAL REMAINS OF
THE FIRST WORLD WAR SOLDIERS
Lisa DE LUCA, Dario INNOCENTI, Marialuisa CECERE, Tomaž FABEC, Fabio CAVALLI

Š‡–”ƒ‰‹…‡˜‡–•‘ˆ–Š‡ ‹”•–‘”Ž†ƒ”Ž‡ˆ–…‘—–Ž‡••˜‹…–‹•‘–Š‡„ƒ––Ž‡ˆ‹‡Ž†•ǤŠ‹•’ƒ’‡”†‡ƒŽ•
™‹–Š–Š‡•–—†›‘ˆ•‘‡•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•ˆ”‘–™‘†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–ƒ”‡ƒ•‘ˆ–Š‡ –ƒŽ‹ƒȀ—•–”‘Ǧ —‰ƒ”‹ƒ
front. The first purpose of this study is to set up a combined and detailed “field of application” of
–™‘ †‹ˆˆ‡”‡– ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒ’’”‘ƒ…Š‡•ǣ –Š‡ ’Š›•‹…ƒŽ ƒ† –Š‡ ˆ‘”‡•‹…Ǥ —”–Š‡”‘”‡ǡ ‹–
Š‹‰ŠŽ‹‰Š–• –Š‡ ”‡Ž‡˜ƒ…‡ ‘ˆ ƒ …‘””‡…– ”‡…‘˜‡”› ‘ˆ –Š‡ ”‡ƒ‹• ‹ ‘”†‡” –‘ ‘„–ƒ‹ ƒ ƒ……—”ƒ–‡
”‡…‘•–”—…–‹‘ ‘ˆ ’‡”‹‘”–‡ ƒ† ’‘•–Ǧ‘”–‡ ‡˜‡–• ‹ ‘”†‡” –‘ ‰‡– –‘ ƒ ˆ‡ƒ•‹„Ž‡ ’‡”•‘ƒŽ
‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•Ǥ  ™‡ŽŽǦ‡š‡…—–‡† ”‡…‘˜‡”› ƒŽŽ‘™‡† —• –‘ ’‡”ˆ‘” •‡˜‡”ƒŽ
‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‹‘•‘–Š‡”‡ƒ‹•–Šƒ–Ž‡†–‘–Š‡‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ„‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ’”‘ˆ‹Ž‡ǡ•–”‡••ƒ”‡”•ǡ
diseases (traumatic or not), and the cause of death of these four individuals. In our soldier’s
”‡ƒ‹•†‹ˆˆ‡”‡––›’‡•‘ˆ‹Œ—”‹‡•™‡”‡ˆ‘—†ǣƒ–‡‘”–‡ƒ†’‡”‹‘”–‡…ƒ—•‡†„›‰—ˆ‹”‡ǡ
ƒ†’‘•–‘”–‡…ƒ—•‡†„›„‘–Šƒ–Š”‘’‹…‹–‡”˜‡–‹‘•ƒ†–ƒ’Š‘‘‹…ƒŽ–‡”ƒ–‹‘•Ǥ ‘‡…ƒ•‡ǡ
–Šƒ•–‘–Š‡…‘•‡”˜ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘–ƒ‰•ǡ‹–™ƒ•’‘••‹„Ž‡–‘…‘’ƒ”‡ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
†ƒ–ƒ™‹–Š–Š‡‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘”‡’‘”–‡†‹–Š‡ƒ–”‹…—Žƒ–‹‘”‘ŽŽǡ™Š‹…ŠƒŽŽ‘™‡†–‘‹†‡–‹ˆ›‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡
•‘Ž†‹‡”•ǤŠ‡”‡•‡ƒ”…Šˆ‘””‡Žƒ–‹˜‡•‹••–‹ŽŽ‘Ǧ‰‘‹‰ǡƒ†‹–™‹ŽŽǡ‹–Š‡ˆ—–—”‡ǡ–‘ˆ—”–Š‡”…‘ˆ‹”–Š‡
‹†‡–‹–›–Š”‘—‰Š–Š‡…‘’ƒ”‹•‘™‹–Š†ƒ–ƒǤ ƒ‘–Š‡”…ƒ•‡ǡ–Šƒ•–‘–Š‡”‡…‘˜‡”›‘ˆ•‘‡
’ƒ”–‘ˆ–Š‡—‹ˆ‘”ǡƒ†–Š‡•–—†›‘ˆ–Š‡…Š”‘‹…Ž‡‘ˆ–Š‡„ƒ––Ž‡•ǡ‹–™ƒ•’‘••‹„Ž‡–‘‹†‡–‹ˆ›–™‘
‰”ƒ†—ƒ–‡–Šƒ–…‘—Ž†…‘””‡•’‘†™‹–Š–Š‡”‡ƒ‹•Ǥ‘”‡ƒƒŽ›•‹•ƒ”‡…—””‡–Ž›‹’”‘‰”‡••–‘˜‡”‹ˆ›
–Š‹• ƒ–…ŠǤ —” ’—”’‘•‡ ‹• –‘ ’”‡•‡– ‘—” ’”‘–‘…‘Ž ˆ‘” –Š‡ †‘…—‡–ƒ–‹‘ ƒ† ”‡…‘˜‡”› ‘ˆ –Š‡
Š—ƒ”‡ƒ‹•ƒ†–Š‡‹”•–—†›‹‘”†‡”–‘…‘’ƒ”‡‘—”™‘”™‹–Š–Š‘•‡ˆ”‘‘–Š‡”•’‡…‹ƒŽ‹•–
–Šƒ–‘’‡”ƒ–‡‘–Š‹•†‹ˆˆ‹…—Ž–…ƒ•‡•Ǥ

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

7

GOING BALLISTIC: IDENTIFYING SLING SHOT INJURIES IN PREHISTORIC EUROPE
‹†ƒ 


Š‹•’ƒ’‡”’”‡•‡–•”‡•—Ž–•‘ˆƒ•–—†›–Šƒ–—–‹Ž‹•‡†•›–Š‡–‹…„‘‡‘†‡Ž•–‘‡š’‡”‹‡–ƒŽŽ›…”‡ƒ–‡
•Ž‹‰Ǧ•Š‘– ‹Œ—”‹‡•Ǥ Š‡ —•‡ ‘ˆ •Ž‹‰• ƒ• ™‡ƒ’‘• ‘ˆ ‹–‡”’‡”•‘ƒŽ ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡ ‹ ’”‡Š‹•–‘”›ǡ –Š‡
‡‘Ž‹–Š‹…‹’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”ǡŠƒ•„‡‡™‡ŽŽǦ†‘…—‡–‡†‘Ž›ˆ‘”‘—–Š‡ƒ•–—”‘’‡ƒ†‡•–‡”•‹ƒǤ
Ž‹‰•Šƒ˜‡Žƒ”‰‡Ž›„‡‡‡‰Ž‡…–‡†ƒ•ƒ’‘–‡–‹ƒŽŽ›‹’‘”–ƒ–ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡‘ˆ˜‹‘Ž‡–‹–‡”ƒ…–‹‘‹–Š‡
•ƒŽŽǦ•…ƒŽ‡ •‘…‹‡–‹‡• ‘ˆ ‡•–‡” ƒ† ‡–”ƒŽ ‡‘Ž‹–Š‹… —”‘’‡ǡ ™Š‘•‡ ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ …—Ž–—”‡ ™ƒ•
characterised by ‘weaponǦtools’ rather than dedicated weapons of violence. To date, skeletal
–”ƒ—ƒ…ƒ—•‡†„›•Ž‹‰•Šƒ•‘Ž›„‡‡’‘•‹–‹˜‡Ž›‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡†‹–Š‡•ƒŽŽ—„‡”‘ˆ…ƒ•‡•™Š‡”‡
•Ž‹‰•Š‘–…‘—Ž†„‡†‹”‡…–Ž›ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†‹•‹–—™‹–Šƒ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ‹Œ—”›Ǥ•†‘…—‡–‡†‹„‘–Šǡ–Š‡
Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽƒ†‡–Š‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…”‡…‘”†ǡ™‹–Š’”ƒ…–‹…‡ƒ›„‘†›…ƒŽ‡ƒ”Š‘™–‘…‘’‡–‡–Ž›—•‡ƒ
•Ž‹‰ Ǧ …Š‹Ž†”‡ ƒ† ƒ†—Ž–•ǡ ‡ ƒ† ™‘‡Ǥ ‡’‡†‹‰ ‘ ’”‡ˆ‡”‡…‡ ƒ† Ž‘…ƒŽ …‘†‹–‹‘•ǡ
•—‹–ƒ„Ž‡ ƒ—‹–‹‘ ‹• ”‡ƒ†‹Ž› ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„Ž‡ǡ ‹…Ž—†‹‰ …Žƒ› ƒ† •–‘‡ •Š‘–Ǥ – ƒ‡• •Ž‹‰• ƒ
‡š–”‡‡Ž› ’‘™‡”ˆ—Ž ƒ† ’‘–‡–‹ƒŽŽ› —„‹“—‹–‘—• ™‡ƒ’‘Ǥ Š‡ ‡š’‡”‹‡–ƒŽŽ› ‘„–ƒ‹‡† ˆ”ƒ…–—”‡
’ƒ––‡”• ’”‡•‡–‡† Š‡”‡ …ƒŽŽ ˆ‘” ƒ ”‡˜‹•‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ †‹ƒ‰‘•‹• ‘ˆ ƒ› ‘ˆ –Š‡ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ‹Œ—”‹‡•
”‡…‘”†‡†‹ –Š‡ ‡‘Ž‹–Š‹… ȋƒ† ™‹†‡” —”‘’‡ƒ ’”‡Š‹•–‘”‹…Ȍ ‘•–‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ”‡…‘”†Ǥ ƒ› ‘ˆ –Š‡•‡
†‡ˆ‡…–•’”‡˜‹‘—•Ž›”‡…‘”†‡†ƒ•‰‡‡”‹…„Ž—–ˆ‘”…‡–”ƒ—ƒ‹‰Š–‹ˆƒ…–„‡–Š‡”‡•—Ž–‘ˆ•Ž‹‰•Š‘–
—•‡ǤŠ‹•Š‹‰ŠŽ‹‰Š–•–Š‡‹’‘”–ƒ…‡‘ˆ–Š‡‡‡”‰‹‰ˆ‹‡Ž†‘ˆ‡š’‡”‹‡–ƒŽ„‹‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰›ƒ†–Š‡
—•‡ˆ—Ž‡••‘ˆ‡š’‡”‹‡–•–Šƒ––”›–‘”‡’Ž‹…ƒ–‡’ƒ•–’”ƒ…–‹…‡•ǡˆƒ˜‘—”‹‰ƒƒ…–—ƒŽ‹•–‹…”ƒ–Š‡”–Šƒ
ƒˆ—ŽŽ›…‘–”‘ŽŽ‡†Žƒ„Ǧ„ƒ•‡†ƒ’’”‘ƒ…ŠǤ

CRANIAL TRAUMA FROM MONGOLIA: CONFLICT, CRIME AND/OR PUNISHMENT
—†‹–Š ‡Ž‡ ǡ”—‘    ǡ•‡†

ǡƒ—Ž

ƒ•–‘”ƒŽ •‘…‹‡–‹‡• ƒ”‡ ‘ˆ–‡ ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡† ™‹–Š ˆ”‡“—‡– ‹–‡”’‡”•‘ƒŽ ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡ ƒ––”‹„—–‡† –‘ –Š‡
’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡‘ˆ”ƒ‹†‹‰ƒ‘‰”‹˜ƒŽ‰”‘—’•Ǥ‘‰”‡ƒ‹•ˆ”‘–Š‡‡ƒ”Ž›”‘œ‡‰‡ǡ‘‰‘Ž‹ƒ
ȋ…͵ͲͲͲǦʹͷͲͲȌ™‡Šƒ˜‡‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡†ˆ‘—”‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‹–Š‡š–‡•‹˜‡•Šƒ”’ˆ‘”…‡‹Œ—”‹‡•–‘–Š‡
…”ƒ‹—ǤŠ‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ȋƒŽŽƒ†—Ž–ƒŽ‡•Ȍ…‘‡ˆ”‘–™‘ƒ”‡ƒ•ǣ ‘˜•‰‘Ž‹‘”–Š‡”‘‰‘Ž‹ƒ
ƒ† Š‘˜†• ‹ –Š‡ ™‡•– ‘ˆ –Š‡ …‘—–”›Ǥ  –Š‹• ’ƒ’‡” ™‡ ƒƒŽ›•‡ –Š‡ •‡“—‡…‡ ‘ˆ ‹Œ—”‹‡• ƒ†
•‹‹Žƒ”‹–‹‡•„‡–™‡‡–Š‡ǤŠ‡•‡‹Œ—”‹‡••‡‡–‘„‡’ƒ”–‘ˆƒ™‹†‡”’ƒ––‡”‘ˆ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡‹‡ƒ”Ž›
…‘—‹–‹‡•‘ˆ‡–”ƒŽ•‹ƒǤ‡†‡„ƒ–‡ǡŠ‘™‡˜‡”ǡ–Š‡…ƒ—•‡‘ˆ–Šƒ–˜‹‘Ž‡…‡ƒ†‡š’Ž‘”‡–Š”‡‡
‘’–‹‘•ǣ™Š‡–Š‡”–Š‡‹Œ—”‹‡•ƒ”‡•—•–ƒ‹‡††—”‹‰…‘ˆŽ‹…–ǡƒ…–‹˜‹–‹‡••—…Šƒ•”ƒ‹†‹‰‘”™Š‡–Š‡”
–Š‡›ƒ”‡’ƒ”–‘ˆƒ…‘—‹–›•ƒ…–‹‘‡†’—‹•Š‡–Ǥ †‘‹‰•‘™‡†”ƒ™—’‘–Š‡’ƒ––‡”‘ˆ
’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›ǡ–Š‡ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ…‘–‡š–ǡ–Š‡™‹†‡””‡‰‹‘ƒŽŠ‹•–‘”›ƒ†…”‘••Ǧ…—Ž–—”ƒŽ…‘’ƒ”‹•‘Ǥ

THE "TERRITORIAL IMPERATIVE": THE ORIGIN OF WARFARE IN THE SOUTHERN LEVANT
‹Žƒǡ”›  

ˆ–Š‡‘•–‹–‡”‡•–‹‰“—‡•–‹‘•‹–Š‡Š‹•–‘”›‘ˆŠ—ƒ‹†ƒ”‡™Š›ǡƒ†™Š‡ǡ˜‹‘Ž‡–…‘ˆŽ‹…–•
ƒ‘‰Š—ƒ‰”‘—’•„‡‰ƒǤ •˜‹‘Ž‡…‡ƒ‹Š‡”‡–’ƒ”–‘ˆŠ—ƒƒ–—”‡ǡ‘”ƒ”‡•—Ž–‘ˆ•‘…‹‘Ǧ
‡…‘‘‹… …‹”…—•–ƒ…‡•ǫ ƒ”‹‘—• ‘†‡Ž• Šƒ˜‡ „‡‡ †‡˜‡Ž‘’‡† ‘˜‡” –Š‡ ›‡ƒ”• ‹ –Š‡ ‡ˆˆ‘”– –‘
ƒ•™‡”–Š‡•‡“—‡•–‹‘•ǤŽ‡ƒ†‹‰Š›’‘–Š‡•‹•‹•–Šƒ––Š‡–”ƒ•‹–‹‘–‘ƒˆ‘‘†Ǧ’”‘†—…‹‰‡…‘‘›
–”‹‰‰‡”‡†Š‘•–‹Ž‡‡…‘—–‡”•†—‡–‘…‘ˆŽ‹…–•‘˜‡”–‡””‹–‘”‹‡•ǡ‹Ǥ‡Ǥǡ…‘–”‘Ž‘˜‡”ˆ‘‘†”‡•‘—”…‡•ǡƒ†
†—‡–‘–Š‡‡‡”‰‡…‡‘ˆ•‘…‹‘‡…‘‘‹…‹‡“—ƒŽ‹–›„‡–™‡‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ƒ†‰”‘—’•Ǥ …”‡ƒ•‡‹
’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ †‡•‹–› ƒŽ•‘ ‡…‘—”ƒ‰‡† ˜‹‘Ž‡– „‡Šƒ˜‹‘”Ǥ †‡–‹ˆ›‹‰ •‹‰• ‘ˆ ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡ ‹ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ
ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽǡŠ‘™‡˜‡”ǡ‹•ƒ…‘’Ž‡š–ƒ•ǡ•‹…‡‹‘•–…ƒ•‡•–Š‡‹Œ—”‹‡•Ž‡ƒ˜‡‘ƒ”•‘–Š‡„‘‡•ǡ
ƒ†™Š‡–Š‡›†‘ǡ–Š‡†‹•–‹…–‹‘„‡–™‡‡ƒ‹–‡–‹‘ƒŽ‹Œ—”›ƒ†ƒ……‹†‡–ƒŽ‘‡‹•…ŠƒŽŽ‡‰‹‰Ǥ
Š‡…—””‡–•–—†›ƒ‹•–‘•Š‘™–Šƒ––Š‡‡‡”‰‡…‡‘ˆ˜ƒ•–ƒ‘—–‘ˆƒ””‘™Š‡ƒ†•ǡ–Š‡‹”‡˜‘Ž—–‹‘
ƒ†•‘’Š‹•–‹…ƒ–‹‘ƒ––Š‡„‡‰‹‹‰‘ˆƒ‰”‹…—Ž–—”‡‹–Š‡‡˜ƒ–ȋ”‡Ǧ’‘––‡”›‡‘Ž‹–Š‹…’‡”‹‘†Ȍƒ”‡
’”‘„ƒ„Ž›†—‡–‘ƒ•Šƒ”’‹…”‡ƒ•‡‹‰”‘—’…‘ˆŽ‹…–•Ǥ‡Š‡”‡†‡•…”‹„‡ƒ…ƒ•‡‘ˆƒƒŽ‡ˆ”‘–Š‡
‹•Šƒ” ƒ̵‡ƒ”…Š‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ•‹–‡ǡ†ƒ–‡†–‘–Š‡’‡”‹‘†ǡ™‹–Šƒƒ””‘™Š‡ƒ†•–—…‹Š‹•
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

8

ˆ‹”•––Š‘”ƒ…‹…˜‡”–‡„”ƒǤ‡ƒƒŽ›œ‡†–Š‡…‹”…—•–ƒ…‡•–Šƒ–‘•–’”‘„ƒ„Ž›Ž‡†–‘–Š‡†‡ƒ–Š‘ˆ–Š‹•
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ„›—•‹‰ƒ†˜ƒ…‡†‹ƒ‰‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡ˆ”ƒ…–—”‡†˜‡”–‡„”ƒƒ†‡„‡††‡†ƒ””‘™Š‡ƒ†ǡƒ†
”‡…‘•–”—…–‹‰–Š‡‹–Š”‡‡Ǧ†‹‡•‹‘•Ǥ

A NEW COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE SITE FROM EARLY NEOLITHIC CENTRAL EUROPE: THE MASS
GRAVE OF HALBERSTADT AND ITS CONTEXTUAL INTERPRETATION
Š”‹•–‹ƒ ǡ ‘”‹ƒ  ǡ ‹…‘Ž‡    ǡ ‰‡Ž‹ƒ oǡ Žƒˆ o ǡ ‡‹–
ǡ ƒ”ƒŽ†ǡ—”–Ǥ

‡–”ƒŽ—”‘’‡–Š‡ƒ”Ž›‡‘Ž‹–Š‹…‹‡ƒ”„ƒ†‡”ƒ‹ȋǢ…ƒǤͷ͸ͲͲǦͶͻͲͲ…ƒŽȌ‹•–Š‡ˆ‹”•–
ˆ—ŽŽˆƒ”‹‰…—Ž–—”‡‹–Š‹•ƒ”‡ƒǤ ƒ††‹–‹‘–‘•‡˜‡”ƒŽ–Š‘—•ƒ†…ƒ”‡ˆ—ŽŽ›ƒ””ƒ‰‡†„—”‹ƒŽ•—•—ƒŽŽ›
ˆ‘—† ‹ †‡†‹…ƒ–‡† …‡‡–‡”‹‡•ǡ ƒ† •‘‡–‹‡• •‡––Ž‡‡–•ǡ ƒ ˆ‡™ ƒ•• ‰”ƒ˜‡• ƒ”‡ …—””‡–Ž›
‘™ˆ”‘–Š‹•ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ…—Ž–—”‡ǤŠ‡•‡ƒ••‰”ƒ˜‡•ƒ”‡…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•‡†„›ƒ•‡‡‹‰Ž›–‘–ƒŽ
Žƒ… ‘ˆ …ƒ”‡ ˆ‘” –Š‡ †‡…‡ƒ•‡† ƒ† ƒ”‡ ‘•–Ž› ‹–‡”’”‡–‡† ƒ• ”‡•—Ž–• ‘ˆ ˜‹‘Ž‡– ƒ••ƒ…”‡• ‹ˆ
’‡”‹‘”–‡ …”ƒ‹ƒŽ ‹Œ—”‹‡• ƒ”‡ ’”‡•‡–Ǥ ‡…‡–Ž›ǡ ƒ‘–Š‡”  ƒ•• ‰”ƒ˜‡ ™ƒ• ‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡† ƒ–
ƒŽ„‡”•–ƒ†–ǡƒš‘›ǦŠƒŽ–ǡ
‡”ƒ›ǡ•‹–—ƒ–‡†…Ž‘•‡–‘ƒ…‘–‡’‘”ƒ”›•‡––Ž‡‡–ƒ†…‡‡–‡”›Ǥ
Š‡ ™Š‘Ž‡ ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡ ™ƒ• „Ž‘…Ž‹ˆ–‡† ˆ”‘ –Š‡ ˆ‹‡Ž† ƒ† ™ƒ• Žƒ–‡” ‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡† —†‡” …‘–”‘ŽŽ‡†
…‘†‹–‹‘•ǤŠ‡ƒ••‰”ƒ˜‡…‘–ƒ‹‡†–Š‡‘•–Ž›ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ–‡†•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•‘ˆ‹‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•
‘ˆ ™Š‹…Š ‡‹‰Š– ™‡”‡ †‹ƒ‰‘•‡† ƒ• ƒŽ‡ ȋͺͻΨȌǤ ‘‡ ’‘•–…”ƒ‹ƒŽ „‘‡• †‹•’Žƒ› ’‡”‹‘”–‡
ˆ”ƒ…–—”‡•™Š‹Ž‡‘–Š‡”••Š‘™•‹‰•‘ˆ’‡”‹‘”–‡…ƒ”‹˜‘”‡ƒ…–‹˜‹–›™Š‹…Šƒ’’ƒ”‡–Ž›‹…Ž—†‡†–Š‡
”‡‘˜ƒŽ‘ˆ†‹•–ƒŽ’ƒ”–•‘ˆ•‘‡‡š–”‡‹–‹‡•ǤŽŽ•—”˜‹˜‹‰…”ƒ‹ƒ•Š‘™–”ƒ…‡•‘ˆ’‡”‹‘”–‡„Ž—–
ˆ‘”…‡–”ƒ—ƒ…‘•‹•–‡–™‹–Š–Š‡ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„Ž‡™‡ƒ’‘”›‘ˆ–Š‡–‹‡Ǥ—–‹…‘–”ƒ•––‘–Š‡ƒ••Ǧ
˜‹‘Ž‡…‡•‹–‡•ƒŽ”‡ƒ†›‘™ǡ–Š‡‹Œ—”‹‡•ƒ– ƒŽ„‡”•–ƒ†–…Ž—•–‡”ƒŽ‘•–‡š…Ž—•‹˜‡Ž›ƒ––Š‡„ƒ…‘ˆ
–Š‡ Š‡ƒ†Ǥ Š‹• ‹†‹…ƒ–‡• ƒ ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡Ǧ”‡Žƒ–‡† …‘–‡š– †‹ˆˆ‡”‡– ˆ”‘ –Š‡ ƒŽŽǦ‘—– ƒ••ƒ…”‡•
‡…‘—–‡”‡†•‘ˆƒ”ǤŠ‹•˜‹‡™‹•ˆ—”–Š‡”•—’’‘”–‡†„›–Š‡”‡•—Ž–•‘ˆ”ƒ†Ȁ‹•‘–‘’‡ƒƒŽ›•‡•ǡ
™Š‹…Š •‡– –Š‡ ƒ•• ‰”ƒ˜‡ ƒ••‡„Žƒ‰‡ …Ž‡ƒ”Ž› ƒ’ƒ”– ˆ”‘ –Š‡ ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ „—”‹‡† ‹ –Š‡ Ž‘…ƒŽ
…‡‡–‡”›Ǥ ‘„‹‹‰ ƒŽŽ …—””‡–Ž› ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„Ž‡ ‡˜‹†‡…‡ǡ ƒ ‡š‡…—–‹‘Ǧ•–›Ž‡ ‹ŽŽ‹‰ ‘ˆ ƒ ‘ǦŽ‘…ƒŽ
‰”‘—’ ‘ˆ ‘•–Ž› ƒŽ‡ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• •‡‡• –‘ „‡ –Š‡ ‘•– Ž‹‡Ž› ‹–‡”’”‡–ƒ–‹‘Ǥ Š‹• ‡š–‡†• –Š‡
‘™•…‘’‡‘ˆ˜‹‘Ž‡–„‡Šƒ˜‹‘—”‘ˆƒ”Ž›‡‘Ž‹–Š‹…‰”‘—’•‹‡–”ƒŽ—”‘’‡Ǥ

HEAD WOUNDS BY FIREARM AND SHARP WEAPON AT THE S. MARTINO BATTLE (1859,
ITALY)
‹‘ƒ  ǡƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 ǡ
‹‘   

ʹͶ —‡ͳͺͷͻǡ–Š‡ƒ––Ž‡•‘ˆƒƒ”–‹‘ƒ†‘Žˆ‡”‹‘‹˜‘Ž˜‡†–Š‡ ”‡…Š”›ƒŽŽ‹‡†–‘–Š‡
ƒ”†‹‹ƒǦ‹‡†‘–‡•‡”›‘’’‘•‡†–‘–Š‡—•–”‹ƒ–”‘‘’•ǤŠ‡˜‹…–‘”›‘ˆ–Š‡ ”‡…Šƒ†–Š‡
”‡–”‡ƒ–‘ˆ–Š‡—•–”‹ƒ•‡†‡†–Š‡•‡…‘† –ƒŽ‹ƒ™ƒ”ˆ‘”‹†‡’‡†‡…‡ǤŠ‘—•ƒ†•‘ˆ†‡ƒ–Š•‘ˆ
„‘–Š ”‹‡• ™‡”‡ Š—””‹‡†Ž› „—”‹‡† ‹ –Š‡ ‡š– †ƒ›•ǡ „—– ‹ ͳͺ͸ͻ –Š‡ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹• ™‡”‡
‡šŠ—‡†ƒ†’Žƒ…‡†‹ƒ‘—‡–ƒŽ‘••—ƒ”›ǤŠ‡ƒ‹‘ˆ–Š‹•™‘”™ƒ•–Š‡•–—†›‘ˆ–Š‡Š‡ƒ†
‹Œ—”‹‡•ƒ––”‹„—–ƒ„Ž‡–‘ˆ‹”‡ƒ”•ƒ†„Žƒ†‡†™‡ƒ’‘•‹”‡Žƒ–‹‘–‘–Š‡ƒ”ƒ‡–•ƒ†–Š‡‹Ž‹–ƒ”›
–ƒ…–‹…• —•‡† ‹ –Šƒ– ’‡”‹‘†Ǥ šƒ‹ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ ͺͳ͹ •—ŽŽ• ”‡…‘˜‡”‡† ‹ –Š‡ ƒ ƒ”–‹‘ ••—ƒ”›
”‡˜‡ƒŽ‡†–”ƒ…‡•‘ˆ™ƒ”™‘—†•‹ͻͲ•—ŽŽ•–Šƒ–™‡”‡•‡Ž‡…–‡†ƒ†•—„‹––‡†–‘ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
ƒ†’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ•–—†‹‡•ǤŠ‡•Šƒ’‡ǡ†‹‡•‹‘•ƒ†ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡•‘ˆ–Š‡™‘—†•™‡”‡ƒ……—”ƒ–‡Ž›
‡šƒ‹‡†–‘…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹œ‡–Š‡Ž‡•‹‘•ǤŠ‡”‡•—Ž–•‡˜‹†‡…‡††‹ˆˆ‡”‡––›’‡•‘ˆ‹Œ—”‹‡•ǡ’”‹…‹’ƒŽŽ›
…ƒ—•‡†„›ˆ‹”‡ƒ”•™‹–Š’”‘Œ‡…–‹Ž‡•‘ˆ†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–…ƒŽ‹„‡”•ǤŠ‡‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡…ƒŽ‹„‡”ƒ†–Š‡
–”ƒŒ‡…–‘”›‘ˆ–Š‡’”‘Œ‡…–‹Ž‡•ǡƒ•™‡ŽŽƒ•–Š‡‹†‘ˆƒ”–‹ŽŽ‡”›Šƒ˜‡„‡‡„ƒ•‡†‘–Š‡†‹ƒ‡–‡”ƒ†
Ž‘…ƒŽ‹œƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ Š‘Ž‡• ‹ –Š‡ •—ŽŽ•Ǥ ‘‡ Ž‡•‹‘• …ƒ—•‡† „› •Šƒ”’ ™‡ƒ’‘• ™‡”‡ •Š‘– „›
„ƒ›‘‡–• ƒ† •ƒ„”‡•Ǥ Š‡ ’”‡•‡…‡ ‘ˆ •‡˜‡”ƒŽ Š‡ƒŽ‡† Ž‡•‹‘•ǡ ‹ •‘‡ …ƒ•‡• •—”‰‹…ƒŽŽ› –”‡ƒ–‡†ǡ
–‡•–‹ˆ‹‡•ƒ”ƒ–Š‡”‹–‡•‡™ƒ”’‡”‹‘†ǡƒ†–Š‡…ƒ’ƒ…‹–›‘ˆ–Š‡•‘Ž†‹‡”•–‘•—”˜‹˜‡‡˜‡–‘•‡˜‡”‡
‹Œ—”‹‡•ǤŠ‡’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡‘ˆ‰—•Š‘–™‘—†•‹•…‘•‹•–‡–™‹–Š–Š‡‹Ž‹–ƒ”›–ƒ…–‹…•ƒ†™‹–Š–Š‡
™‡ƒ’‘• —•‡† ‹ –Šƒ– ’‡”‹‘†ǣ Šƒ†Ǧ–‘ǦŠƒ† …‘„ƒ– ™ƒ• ”‡•–”‹…–‡† ƒ† „ƒ›‘‡– ƒ••ƒ—Ž– ™ƒ•
—•—……‡••ˆ—Ž…‘’ƒ”‡†–‘–Š‡—•‡‘ˆ‡ˆˆ‹…‹‡–”ƒ‰‡†™‡ƒ’‘•Ǥ
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

9

CARE AND CONSEQUENCES OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY IN NEOLITHIC SWEDEN
ƒ
ǡƒ”• 

—„‡”‘ˆ’ƒ’‡”•Šƒ˜‡’”‘˜‹†‡†‹•‹‰Š–‹ˆ”‡“—‡…‹‡•‘ˆ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡”‡Žƒ–‡†–”ƒ—ƒǡ‡•’‡…‹ƒŽŽ›
•—ŽŽ–”ƒ—ƒǡ‹‘”–Š‡”—”‘’‡ƒ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽƒ••‡„Žƒ‰‡•†ƒ–‹‰–‘–Š‡‡‘Ž‹–Š‹…ƒ†”‘œ‡‰‡Ǥ
Ž–Š‘—‰Š–Š‡…ƒ•‡•ƒ”‡‘ˆ–‡™‡ŽŽ†‡•…”‹„‡†ǡ–Š‡›Žƒ…ˆ—”–Š‡”†‹•…—••‹‘ƒ„‘—––Š‡…‘•‡“—‡…‡•
‘ˆ •—ŽŽ –”ƒ—ƒ ˆ‘” –Š‡ ‹Œ—”‡† ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ ƒ† –Š‡ ‹’Ž‹…ƒ–‹‘• ˆ‘” –Š‡ •—””‘—†‹‰ •‘…‹‡–›ǡ
‡•’‡…‹ƒŽŽ›…‘•‹†‡”‹‰•‡˜‡”‡•—ŽŽ–”ƒ—ƒŽ‡ƒ†‹‰–‘–”ƒ—ƒ–‹…„”ƒ‹‹Œ—”‹‡•ȋ ȌǤ –Šƒ•„‡‡
•—‰‰‡•–‡†–Šƒ– Šƒ˜‡Šƒ†ƒ‹’ƒ…–‘Ž‘‰‡˜‹–›‹’ƒ•–’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•„—–Šƒ•„‡‡”‡‰ƒ”†‡†–‘‘
’”‘„Ž‡ƒ–‹… –‘ ‹ˆ‡” ˆ”‘ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹•Ǥ  ‹–‡”†‹•…‹’Ž‹ƒ”› …‘ŽŽƒ„‘”ƒ–‹‘ „‡–™‡‡
„‹‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰› ƒ† ‡—”‘’•›…Š‘Ž‘‰› Šƒ• Š‘™‡˜‡” ‘’‡‡† —’ ˆ‘” †‹•…—••‹‘• ƒ„‘—– …ƒ”‡ ƒ†
…‘•‡“—‡…‡•‘ˆ ƒŽ•‘‹’ƒ•–’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•Ǥ –Š‹•’ƒ’‡”™‡ƒ††”‡••“—‡•–‹‘•‘ˆ–”ƒ—ƒƒ†
…ƒ”‡ˆ‘”‘‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†™‹–Š–Š‡™‡†‹•ŠǦ‘”™‡‰‹ƒƒ––Ž‡š‡—Ž–—”‡™Š‘•—ˆˆ‡”‡†
ˆ”‘–™‘•‡˜‡”‡ƒ–‡Ǧ‘”–‡•—ŽŽ–”ƒ—ƒ•’”‘„ƒ„Ž›Ž‡ƒ†‹‰–‘„”ƒ‹‹Œ—”‹‡•ǤŠ‡•‡“—‡•–‹‘•
ƒ”‡ƒ††”‡••‡†—•‹‰–Š‡™‡„Ǧ„ƒ•‡†ƒ’’Ž‹…ƒ–‹‘ƒ†ƒƒŽ›–‹…–‘‘Ž †‡š‘ˆ…ƒ”‡Ǥ‡ˆ‘—†–Šƒ–†ƒ‹Ž›
…ƒ”‡ǡ„‘–Š•Š‘”––‡”™‹–Š„ƒ•‹…‡‡†•Ž‹‡—–”‹–‹‘ƒ†‰”‘‘‹‰ǡƒ†Ž‘‰–‡”™‹–Š…‘‰‹–‹˜‡
‹’ƒ‹”‡–•ǡ ™ƒ• ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„Ž‡ ‹ –Š‡ ‡‘Ž‹–Š‹… •‘…‹‡–›Ǥ ‘•‹†‡”‹‰ –Š‡ ˆ”‡“—‡– —„‡” ‘ˆ ƒ–‡Ǧ
‘”–‡ •—ŽŽ –”ƒ—ƒ ‹ ‡‘Ž‹–Š‹… ƒ† ”‘œ‡ ‰‡ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ƒ••‡„Žƒ‰‡•   ™ƒ• ’”‘„ƒ„Ž› ƒ
…‘‘ ’Š‡‘‡‘Ǥ ‡ ƒ”‰—‡ –Šƒ– –Š‡ …ƒ”‡ ’”‘˜‹†‡† ™ƒ• ƒ ‡…‡••‹–› ˆ‘” •—”˜‹˜ƒŽ ƒ†
ƒ‹–‡ƒ…‡‘ˆƒ•‘…‹ƒŽŽ›•—•–ƒ‹ƒ„Ž‡•‘…‹‡–›Ǥ


EVIDENCE FOR INTER-PERSONAL CONFLICT IN EARLY MEDIEVAL SÄBEN-SABIONA, ITALY
ƒ‹‡ŽƒǡŽ‹…‡ ǡŽ„‡”– 

”ƒ—ƒƒƒŽ›•‹•›‹‡Ž†•‡••‡–‹ƒŽ‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘‘Š—ƒ‹–‡”ƒ…–‹‘‹’ƒ•–•‘…‹‡–‹‡•ƒ†•‘…‹‘Ǧ
…—Ž–—”ƒŽ’”ƒ…–‹…‡•ƒ†ǡ–Š‡”‡„›ǡ•Š‡†‡™Ž‹‰Š–‘…—””‡–‘–‹‘•ƒ†Š›’‘–Š‡•‡•ƒ„‘—–‹–‡”Ǧ
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽƒ‰‰”‡••‹‘Ǥ
Š‡…—””‡–•–—†›’”‘˜‹†‡•‹•‹‰Š–•‹–‘–Š‡’‡”‹Ǧ‘”–‡–”ƒ—ƒƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆƒŠ—ƒ•‡Ž‡–‘
ȋ͸͵Ȍˆ”‘–Š‡ƒ”Ž›‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ…‡‡–‡”›‘ˆ¡„‡Ǧƒ„‹‘ƒ‹‘—–Š›”‘Žǡ –ƒŽ›ǤŠ‡‰”ƒ˜‡‘ˆ͸͵
™ƒ• Ž‘…ƒ–‡† ‹ –Š‡ ™‡•–‡” ’ƒ”– ‘ˆ –Š‡ •‘—–Š‡” •‹†‡ ƒ‹•Ž‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ƒ”Ž› ‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ …Š—”…ŠǤ Š‡
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ™ƒ•„—”‹‡†‹–›’‹…ƒŽŠ”‹•–‹ƒˆ—‡”ƒ”›–”ƒ†‹–‹‘‹Ǥ‡Ǥ‡•–Ǧƒ•–‘”‹‡–‡†ȋŠ‡ƒ†Ǧˆ‡‡–Ȍ
ƒ†‹•—’‹‡’‘•‹–‹‘ǡ™‹–Š–Š‡Ž‘™‡”ƒ”•ˆŽ‡š‡†ƒ„‘˜‡–Š‡’‡Ž˜‹•ǤŽƒ••‹…ƒŽ‘•–‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ‡–Š‘†•
™‡”‡ƒ’’Ž‹‡†–‘”‡…‘•–”—…––Š‡„‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ’”‘ˆ‹Ž‡‘ˆ͸͵ǡˆ‘”•‡šƒ†ƒ‰‡ƒ–†‡ƒ–Š‡•–‹ƒ–‹‘ǡ
•–ƒ–—”‡ ƒ† ”‘„—•–‹…‹–› …ƒŽ…—Žƒ–‹‘ǡ ƒ† –Š‡ ƒƒŽ›•‹• ‘ˆ ‘Ǧ‡–”‹… –”ƒ‹–•Ǥ —”–Š‡”ǡ ƒ •›•–‡ƒ–‹…
•–—†›‘’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›ƒ†‡–Š‡•‡ƒŽ…Šƒ‰‡•™ƒ•’‡”ˆ‘”‡†–‘ƒ••‡••–Š‡‰‡‡”ƒŽŠ‡ƒŽ–Šƒ†
’Š›•‹…ƒŽƒ…–‹˜‹–›•–ƒ–—•‘ˆ–Š‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽǤ ’‘”–ƒ–Ž›ǡƒ†‡–ƒ‹Ž‡†ƒ…”‘•…‘’‹…ƒ†‡–”‹…ƒƒŽ›•‹•
‘ˆ–Š‡–”ƒ—ƒ‘„•‡”˜‡†‘–Š‡…”ƒ‹—ƒ†’‘•–Ǧ…”ƒ‹—™ƒ•…‘’Ž‡–‡†ǡ”‡ˆ‡””‹‰–‘–Š‡‡–Š‘†
’”‘’‘•‡†„›‡™‹•ȋʹͲͲͺȌǤ
Š‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ͸͵™ƒ•ƒŒ—˜‡‹Ž‡ȋͳͻǦʹͶ›‡ƒ”•‘Ž†ȌƒŽ‡ǡ™‹–Šƒ„‘†›Š‡‹‰Š–‘ˆͳ͸ͺάͳǤͺ…Ǥ
‡•’‹–‡–Š‡›‘—‰ƒ‰‡ǡŠ‡ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡†•‹‰•‘ˆ†‡‰‡‡”ƒ–‹˜‡Œ‘‹–†‹•‡ƒ•‡ƒ†ƒŽ–‡”‡†‡–Š‡•‡ƒŽ•‹–‡•ǡ
™Š‹…Šƒ›‹†‹…ƒ–‡Š‘”•‡„ƒ…”‹†‹‰ǤŠ‡–”ƒ—ƒƒƒŽ›•‹•”‡•—Ž–‡†‹ƒ–Ž‡ƒ•–ʹ͸Ž‡•‹‘•ǡ‹…Ž—†‹‰
–Š”‡‡ƒ–‡Ǧ‘”–‡‹Œ—”‹‡•ƒ†ʹ͵’‡”‹Ǧ‘”–‡•Šƒ”’ˆ‘”…‡–”ƒ—ƒ‘–Š‡…”ƒ‹—ȋαͶȌƒ†
’‘•–Ǧ…”ƒ‹—ȋαͳͻȌǤˆ–‡”…‘’ƒ”‹‰–Š‡•‡…—–ƒ”•™‹–ŠƒŽ–‡”ƒ–‹‘•…ƒ—•‡†„›†‡ˆŽ‡•Š‹‰ǡ‹–
™ƒ•…‘…Ž—†‡†–Šƒ––Š‡‘„•‡”˜‡†Ž‡•‹‘•™‡”‡—Ž‹‡Ž›–Š‡”‡•—Ž–‘ˆ’‘•–‘”–‡†‹•‡„‡”‡–ǡ
„—–”ƒ–Š‡”‘•–Ž‹‡Ž›Ž‹‡†–‘‹–‡”Ǧ’‡”•‘ƒŽ…‘ˆŽ‹…–Ž‡ƒ†‹‰–‘†‡ƒ–ŠǤ
Š‡’”‡•‡–”‡•‡ƒ”…Š’”‘˜‹†‡•–Š‡ˆ‹”•–‡˜‹†‡…‡‘ˆˆƒ–ƒŽ‹–‡”Ǧ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽƒ‰‰”‡••‹‘‹–Š‡ƒ”Ž›
‡†‹‡˜ƒŽƒ•–‡” –ƒŽ‹ƒŽ’•Ǥ —–—”‡ƒƒŽ›•‡•™‹ŽŽƒ‹–‘”‡…‘•–”—…––Š‡’”‘‰”‡••‹‘‘ˆ‡˜‡–•Ǣ
–‘‹†‡–‹ˆ›–Š‡–›’‡‘ˆ™‡ƒ’‘•—•‡†ƒ†’‘••‹„Ž›–Š‡“—ƒ–‹–›‘ˆ’‡”’‡–”ƒ–‘”•‹˜‘Ž˜‡†…ƒ—•‹‰
–Š‡†‡ƒ–Š‘ˆ͸͵Ǥ

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

10

Source combination in paleopathology. Paleopathography at the
frontier between history and medicine
‘†‡”ƒ–‘”ǣ ”ƒ…‡•…‘ƒ”‹ƒ
 



COMBINING PALEOPATHOGRAPHY AND PALEOPATHOLOGY: THE EXAMPLE OF THE
MEDICI, GRAND DUKES OF FLORENCE
ƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 ǡ
‹‘   

Š‡•–—†›‘ˆ–Š‡‡†‹…‹ˆƒ‹Ž›‘ˆ Ž‘”‡…‡”‡’”‡•‡–•ƒ‡š…‡ŽŽ‡–‡šƒ’Ž‡‘ˆ‹–‡‰”ƒ–‹‘„‡–™‡‡
‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘’”‘˜‹†‡†„›–Š‡Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ•‘—”…‡•ƒ†–Š‡†ƒ–ƒ‘„–ƒ‹‡†–Š”‘—‰Š’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
‡šƒ‹ƒ–‹‘ǤŠ‡‡†‹…‹™‡”‡‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡‘•–‹’‘”–ƒ–ˆƒ‹Ž‹‡•‘ˆ–Š‡ –ƒŽ‹ƒ‡ƒ‹••ƒ…‡ƒ†
–Š‡‹” Š‡ƒŽ–Š •–ƒ–—• ‹• ‘™ –‘ —• –Šƒ• –‘ –Š‡ ƒ‘—– ‘ˆ †‡–ƒ‹Ž• ”‡’‘”–‡† ‹ …‘–‡’‘”ƒ”›
ƒ”…Š‹˜ƒŽ†‘…—‡–•ǡ‹…Ž—†‹‰Ž‡––‡”•‘ˆ–Š‡‡†‹…‹–Š‡•‡Ž˜‡•–‘‘–Š‡””‡Žƒ–‹˜‡•ǡ‹••‹˜‡•‘ˆ–Š‡
ƒ„ƒ••ƒ†‘”•ǡ ƒ† ”‡’‘”–• ‘ˆ –Š‡ …‘—”– ’Š›•‹…‹ƒ•Ǥ ”‘ –Š‡•‡ ”‡…‘”†• ‹– ‡‡”‰‡• –Šƒ– •‡˜‡”ƒŽ
’‡”•‘ƒ‰‡•™‡”‡ƒˆˆ‡…–‡†„›†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹‡•ǡ–Š‡–”—‡ƒ–—”‡‘ˆ™Š‹…Š•Š‘—Ž†„‡…Žƒ”‹ˆ‹‡†Ǥ
Š‡‡„‡”•‘ˆ–Š‡ˆƒ‹Ž›„‡Ž‘‰‹‰–‘–Š‡„”ƒ…Š‘ˆ–Š‡
”ƒ†—‡•‘ˆ—•…ƒ›ǡ™Š‹…Š„‡‰ƒ
™‹–Š ‘Š‘ˆ–Š‡Žƒ…ƒ†•ȋͳͶͻͺǦͳͷʹ͸Ȍƒ†‡†‡†™‹–Š
‹ƒ‰ƒ•–‘‡ȋͳ͸͹ͳǦͳ͹͵͹Ȍǡ™‡”‡„—”‹‡†
—†‡”–Š‡ˆŽ‘‘”‘ˆ–Š‡‡†‹…‹Šƒ’‡Ž•‹–Š‡ƒ•‹Ž‹…ƒ‘ˆǤ‘”‡œ‘‹ Ž‘”‡…‡Ǥ–ƒ”–‹‰ˆ”‘ʹͲͲͶ
ƒ —Ž–‹†‹•…‹’Ž‹ƒ”› ’”‘Œ‡…– ƒŽŽ‘™‡† –Š‡ ‡šŠ—ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ ƒ —„‡” ‘ˆ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ǡ ™Š‘•‡ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ
”‡ƒ‹•™‡”‡•–—†‹‡†„›ƒ…”‘•…‘’‹…ǡ”ƒ†‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽǡƒ†‘Ž‡…—Žƒ”ƒƒŽ›•‡•ǤŠ‡”‡•—Ž–•‘ˆ–Š‹•
•–—†›™‡”‡…‘’ƒ”‡†™‹–Š–Š‡‘•‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…†‡–ƒ‹Ž•”‡’‘”–‡†‹™”‹––‡†‘…—‡–•Ǥ •‘‡…ƒ•‡•ǡ
–Š‡†‹ƒ‰‘•‹•ƒ†‡„›…‘—”–’Š›•‹…‹ƒ•™ƒ•…‘””‡…–ƒ†™ƒ•…‘ˆ‹”‡†„›–Š‡’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
ƒƒŽ›•‹•Ǣ‹‘–Š‡”…ƒ•‡•–Š‡‘•‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ‡–‹–‹‡•™‡”‡‘–…‘””‡…–Ž›‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡†ƒ†–Š‡‘†‡”•–—†›
’‡”‹––‡†–‘ƒ•…‡”–ƒ‹–Š‡–”—‡ƒ–—”‡‘ˆ–Š‡Ž‡•‹‘•ƒ†ƒŽ•‘–‘”‡˜‡ƒŽ–Š‡…‘†‹–‹‘•ƒˆˆ‡…–‹‰–Š‡
‡†‹…‹ǡ™Š‹…Š‘–Š‡”™‹•‡™‘—Ž†Šƒ˜‡„‡‡—‘™Ǥ‡’”‡•‡–ƒ•‡”‹‡•‘ˆ‡šƒ’Ž‡•ǡ‹…Ž—†‹‰
‘ƒ ‘ˆ —•–”‹ƒ ȋͳͷͶ͹Ǧͳͷ͹ͺȌǡ ‡”†‹ƒ†  ȋͳͷͶͻǦͳ͸ͲͻȌǡ ƒ”†‹ƒŽ ƒ”Ž‘ ȋͳͷͻͷǦͳ͸͸͸Ȍ ƒ† ‘
‹Ž‹’’‹‘ȋͳͷ͹͹ǦͳͷͺʹȌǤ …‘…Ž—•‹‘ǡ‹–Š‡‡†‹…‹’”‘Œ‡…––Š‡…‘„‹ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘‰”ƒ’Š›
ƒ†’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›™ƒ•’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”Ž›ˆ‡”–‹Ž‡‹–Š‡•–—†›‘ˆ’ƒ•–†‹•‡ƒ•‡•‘ˆŠ‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ’‡”•‘ƒ‰‡•Ǥ

INCORPORATING MEDICAL RECORDS IN PALEOPATHOLOGY: INVESTIGATING
RESPIRATORY DISEASE IN POST-MEDIEVAL LONDON
ƒ”ƒ–‡ŽŽƒ 

‡…”‡ƒ•‡•‹ƒ‹”“—ƒŽ‹–›Šƒ•„‡‡Ž‹‡†–‘”‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”›†‹•‡ƒ•‡‹‘†‡”‡†‹…ƒŽŽ‹–‡”ƒ–—”‡ǡ™‹–Š
—Ž–‹’Ž‡ •–—†‹‡• ‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‹‰ –Š‡ Ž‹ „‡–™‡‡ ƒ‹” ’‘ŽŽ—–ƒ–• ƒ† ”‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”› †‹•‡ƒ•‡ ƒ…”‘••
—”„ƒ ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘• ™‘”Ž†™‹†‡Ǥ  ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ”‡•‡ƒ”…Š –Š‡ ƒƒŽ›•‹• ‘ˆ ’ƒŽƒ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
Ž‡•‹‘•‘–Š‡˜‡–”ƒŽ•—”ˆƒ…‡‘ˆ–Š‡”‹„•ǡŠƒ˜‡’”‡˜‹‘—•Ž›„‡‡—•‡†–‘‹ˆ‡””‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”›†‹•‡ƒ•‡
ƒ† •—„•‡“—‡–Ž› ƒ‹” “—ƒŽ‹–›Ǥ Š‡•‡ •–—†‹‡•ǡ Š‘™‡˜‡”ǡ ƒ”‡ Š‹†‡”‡† „› –Š‡ ƒ–—”‡ ‘ˆ
„‹ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ ƒ† –Š‡ Ž‹‹–‡† •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡•’‘•‡• –‘ ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ …‘†‹–‹‘•Ǥ Š‡
‹•–‘”‹… ‘•’‹–ƒŽ†‹••‹‘‡’‘”–”‘Œ‡…–†‹‰‹–‹•‡†‡†‹…ƒŽ”‡…‘”†•‹”‹–ƒ‹„‡–™‡‡ͳͺͷʹƒ†
ͳͻʹͳǡƒŽŽ‘™‹‰‡’‹†‡‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ”‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”›†‹•‡ƒ•‡ƒ‘‰…Š‹Ž†”‡†—”‹‰ƒ’‡”‹‘†‘ˆ
‹…”‡ƒ•‡†‹†—•–”‹ƒŽ‹•ƒ–‹‘ƒ†”‡…‘”†‡†’‘‘”ƒ‹”“—ƒŽ‹–›ƒ”‘—†”‹–ƒ‹ǤŠ‡ƒ‹‘ˆ–Š‹••–—†›
™ƒ•–‘‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‡Š‘™–Š‡’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡‘ˆ”‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”›†‹•‡ƒ•‡ƒ‘‰…Š‹Ž†”‡ƒ†‹––‡†–‘Š‘•’‹–ƒŽ
…Šƒ‰‡† ‘˜‡” –‹‡ǡ †—”‹‰ –Š‹• ’‡”‹‘† ‘ˆ ‹†—•–”‹ƒŽ ‡š’ƒ•‹‘ ‹ ‘†‘Ǥ ‹ƒ‰‘•‹•ǡ ‘–Š
ƒ†‹––‡†ǡ ’‡”‹‘† ‘ˆ •–ƒ› ƒ† ‘—–…‘‡ ™‡”‡ ƒƒŽ›•‡†Ǥ ‡•—Ž–• ™‡”‡ …‘’ƒ”‡† –‘ ‘†‡”
‡’‹†‡‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ†ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ•–—†‹‡•™Š‹…ŠŠƒ˜‡ƒƒŽ›•‡†•‡Ž‡–ƒŽŽ‡•‹‘•ƒ•ƒ‹†‹…ƒ–‘”
‘ˆ”‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”›†‹•‡ƒ•‡ǡƒ•™‡ŽŽƒ•Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ”‡’‘”–•‘ˆƒ‹”’‘ŽŽ—–‹‘‹‘†‘†—”‹‰–Š‹•’‡”‹‘†Ǥ
‡•—Ž–• †‡‘•–”ƒ–‡† –Šƒ– –Š‡ ’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡ ‘ˆ ”‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”› †‹•‡ƒ•‡ ƒ‘‰ …Š‹Ž†”‡ ƒ†‹––‡† –‘
Š‘•’‹–ƒŽ‹…”‡ƒ•‡†‘˜‡”–‹‡ǡ‹†‹…ƒ–‹‰–Š‡‹’ƒ…–‘ˆ‹…”‡ƒ•‡†ƒ‹”’‘ŽŽ—–‹‘‘–Š‡’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡‘ˆ
”‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”›†‹•‡ƒ•‡Ǥ —”–Š‡”‘”‡ǡ–Š‹••–—†›‹ŽŽ—•–”ƒ–‡•–Š‡˜ƒŽ—‡‘ˆƒ—Ž–‹†‹•…‹’Ž‹ƒ”›ƒƒŽ›•‹•ǡ
ƒ†–Š‡‹…Ž—•‹‘‘ˆŠ‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ”‡’‘”–•‹„‹‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹•Ǥ
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

11

WHEN AND HOW WERE HELMINTHS ERADICATED IN ENGLAND?
ƒƒŠǡƒ–”‹ ǡ†”‹ƒ  ǡ
”‡‰‡”


ƒ•–”‘‹–‡•–‹ƒŽ Š‡Ž‹–Š• ƒ”‡ ƒ ‰Ž‘„ƒŽ ’”‘„Ž‡ǡ ™‹–Š ƒ„‘—– ƒ •‹š–Š ‘ˆ –Š‡ ™‘”Ž† ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘
ƒˆˆ‡…–‡†Ǥ  ʹͲͲͳǡ †‡Ž‡‰ƒ–‡• ƒ– –Š‡ ‘”Ž† ‡ƒŽ–Š ••‡„Ž› —ƒ‹‘—•Ž› ‡†‘”•‡† ƒ ”‡•‘Ž—–‹‘
ȋ ͷͶǤͳͻȌ —”‰‹‰ ‡†‡‹… …‘—–”‹‡• –‘ •–ƒ”– •‡”‹‘—•Ž› –ƒ…Ž‹‰ ™‘”•Ǥ Š‹Ž•– –ƒ”‰‡–‡†
…Š‡‘–Š‡”ƒ’› –”‡ƒ–‡– ‹• ‘™ ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„Ž‡ǡ –Š‹• ™‹ŽŽ Šƒ˜‡ Ž‹‹–‡† ‡ˆˆ‡…– ‹ ‡”ƒ†‹…ƒ–‹‰ •’‡…‹‡•Ǥ
Š‡”‡ƒ”‡Š‘™‡˜‡”ǡ…‘—–”‹‡•™Š‡”‡–Š‡•‡™‘”•™‡”‡‡†‡‹…‹–Š‡’ƒ•–„—–‘Ž‘‰‡”•—’’‘”–
–Š‡–”ƒ•‹••‹‘…›…Ž‡Ǥ”ƒ†‹…ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡•‡‹ˆ‡…–‹‘•‹•—•—ƒŽŽ›ƒ––”‹„—–‡†–‘‹–‡””—’–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡
ˆ‡…ƒŽǦ‘”ƒŽ ”‘—–‡ ‘ˆ ‹ˆ‡…–‹‘ „› ‹’”‘˜‡† •ƒ‹–ƒ–‹‘ǡ „‡––‡” ™ƒ•–‡ †‹•’‘•ƒŽ •›•–‡• ƒ†
–”ƒ•’‘”–ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ •ƒˆ‡ ™ƒ–‡”Ǥ ˆ‘”–—ƒ–‡Ž›ǡ ƒ••‡••‹‰ –Š‡ ‡ˆˆ‡…–‹˜‡‡•• ‘ˆ †‹ˆˆ‡”‡– •ƒ‹–ƒ”›
‡Ž‡‡–•‹–ƒ…Ž‹‰Š‡Ž‹–Š‹ˆ‡…–‹‘•‹•†‹ˆˆ‹…—Ž–Ǥ ‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ•‘—”…‡•’”‘˜‹†‡—‹“—‡ǡ”‡ƒŽǦŽ‹ˆ‡
…‹”…—•–ƒ…‡• ™‹–Š ˜ƒ”›‹‰ –›’‡• ƒ† “—ƒŽ‹–› ‘ˆ Š›‰‹‡‡ ‹ˆ”ƒ•–”—…–—”‡ –Šƒ– ƒŽŽ‘™ –Š‡
‡ˆˆ‡…–‹˜‡‡•• ‘ˆ …Šƒ‰‡• –‘ „‡ ‡Ž—…‹†ƒ–‡†Ǥ ‡…‘•–”—…–‹‰ –Š‡ Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ ‡’‹†‡‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
•‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ…‡‘ˆ–Š‡•‡™‘”•‹…‘—–”‹‡•™Š‡”‡–Š‡›ƒ”‡‘Ž‘‰‡”‡†‡‹…™‹ŽŽˆ—”–Š‡”…Žƒ”‹ˆ›–Š‡
†‡‰”‡‡–‘™Š‹…Š‘†‡”…‘’ƒ”‹•‘•…ƒ„‡ƒ†‡Ǥ‹…”‘•…‘’›ƒ†‰‡‡–‹…ƒƒŽ›•‹•…ƒ„‡—•‡†
–‘ƒ••‡••–Š‡’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡‘ˆŠ‡Ž‹–Š•‹’ƒ•–’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•ƒ•™‡ŽŽƒ•…Šƒ‰‡•‹”‹•ˆƒ…–‘”•ȋ•—…Š
ƒ•ƒ‰‡ƒ†‰‡†‡”Ȍ–Šƒ–‹‰Š–ƒˆˆ‡…–’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡‡’‹†‡‹‘Ž‘‰›Ǥ ‘”–Š‹••–—†›ǡ‘˜‡”͵ͲͲ•‘‹Ž•ƒ’Ž‡•
ˆ”‘ͷ†‹ˆˆ‡”‡––‹‡’‡”‹‘†•ȋ”‡ǦŠ‹•–‘”‹…ǡ‘ƒǡ‰Ž‘Ǧƒš‘ǡŽƒ–‡”‡†‹‡˜ƒŽƒ† †—•–”‹ƒŽȌ
™‡”‡‡šƒ‹‡†ǤŠ‡’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡Ž‘ƒ†‘ˆŠ‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ‰Žƒ†™ƒ•…‘’ƒ”ƒ„Ž‡–‘‘†‡”†ƒ›’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡
”ƒ–‡•‹”—”ƒŽ†‡˜‡Ž‘’‹‰…‘—–”‹‡•ǡƒ†–Š‡…Šƒ‰‡ˆ”‘ƒ‡†‡‹…–‘ƒ‘Ǧ‡†‡‹……‘—–”›
‘……—””‡†”ƒ’‹†Ž›ǡ‹”‡Žƒ–‹˜‡Ž›”‡…‡–Š‹•–‘”›Ǥ


THE SECRET BEHIND NATURAL SOPRANOS: PALEOPATHOLOGY OF THE CASTRATO
GASPARE PACCHIEROTTI
Ž„‡”–‘

‘ŽŽ‘™‹‰–Š‡„‹”–Š‘ˆ‘†‡”‘’‡”ƒ‹ –ƒŽ›‹ͳ͸ͲͲǡ–Š‡†‡ƒ†ˆ‘”•‘’”ƒ‘˜‘‹…‡•‰”‡™—’ƒ†
–Š‡’”‡’—„‡”ƒŽ…ƒ•–”ƒ–‹‘™ƒ•…ƒ””‹‡†‘—––‘’”‡•‡”˜‡–Š‡›‘—‰ƒŽ‡˜‘‹…‡‹–‘ƒ†—Ž–Ž‹ˆ‡Ǥ‘‰
–Š‡…ƒ•–”ƒ–‹ǡ
ƒ•’ƒ”‡ƒ……Š‹‡”‘––‹ȋ ƒ„”‹ƒ‘ǡͳ͹ͶͲ–ƒ†—ƒǡͳͺʹͳȌ™ƒ•’”‘„ƒ„Ž›‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡‘•–
ˆƒ‘—•Ǥ Š‡ ”‡ƒ‹• ‘ˆ ƒ……Š‹‡”‘––‹ ™‡”‡ ‡šŠ—‡† ˆ‘” –Š‡ ˆ‹”•– –‹‡ ‹ •—‡” ʹͲͳ͵ ˆ‘” ƒ
”‡•‡ƒ”…Š‹–Š‡”‡…‘•–”—…–‹‘‘ˆŠ‹•„‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ’”‘ˆ‹Ž‡ǡ–‘—†‡”•–ƒ†–Š‡•‡…”‡–‘ˆŠ‹••—„Ž‹‡
voice and how the castration influenced the body. Pacchierotti’s body can be considered the first
™Š‘Ž‡•‡Ž‡–‘‘ˆƒ…ƒ•–”ƒ–‘‡˜‡”•–—†‹‡†Ǥ
ŽŽ –Š‡ ˆ‹†‹‰• †‹•…‘˜‡”‡†ǡ –Š”‘—‰Š ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒ† ‘’—–‡† ‘‘‰”ƒ’Š› ƒƒŽ›•‡•ǡ ƒ”‡
…‘•‹•–‡– „‘–Š ™‹–Š –Š‡ ‘……—’ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ ƒ”‡”• ‘ˆ ƒ •‹‰‡” ƒ† ™‹–Š –Š‡ Š‘”‘ƒŽ ‡ˆˆ‡…–• ‘ˆ
…ƒ•–”ƒ–‹‘ǤŠ‡‡”‘•‹‘‘ˆ…‡”˜‹…ƒŽ˜‡”–‡„”ƒ‡ǡ–Š‡‹•‡”–‹‘‘ˆ”‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”›—•…Ž‡•ƒ†—•…Ž‡•‘ˆ
–Š‡ƒ”•…ƒ„‡ƒ‡ˆˆ‡…–‘ˆ–Š‡„‘†‹Ž›’‘•‹–‹‘ƒ†‡š‡”…‹•‡†—”‹‰•‹‰‹‰ǤŠ‡Š‘”‘ƒŽ‡ˆˆ‡…–
‘ˆ …ƒ•–”ƒ–‹‘ ™‡”‡ ”‡Žƒ–‡† –‘ ‘•–‡‘’‘”‘•‹• ƒ† –‘ –Š‡ †‹•‘”†‡”• ‘ˆ •’‹‡ –Šƒ– Šƒ† ƒ ‰‡‡”ƒŽ
…ƒŽ…ƒ”‡‘—• ƒ–”‘’Š› ™‹–Š —Ž–‹’Ž‡ …”‹„”‘•—• „‘‡• ‹ –Š‡ ˜‡”–‡„”ƒŽ ™ƒŽŽ•Ǥ Š‡”‡ ™‡”‡ ƒŽ•‘ ƒ
ƒ–‡”‹‘”˜‡”–‡„”ƒŽ™ƒŽŽˆ”ƒ…–—”‡‹„‘–Šͳƒ†ʹǡƒ†•‡˜‡”ƒŽ‘•–‡‘’Š›–‡•„‡–™‡‡͵ƒ†Ͷǡ
and a Schmorl’s nodes in the vertebral body endplate of L4. In Pacchierotti, even if the skull was
‘–…‘’Ž‡–‡ǡ–Š‡”‡™‡”‡‘•‹‰•‘ˆhyperostosis frontalis internaȋ ȌǤ



BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

12

WORKSHOP


Paleoradiology meets clinical radiology
Hosts: Mislav ČAVKA, Frank RÜHLI

Ž–Š‘—‰Š’ƒŽ‡‘”ƒ†‹‘Ž‘‰›‹•ƒ’ƒ”–‘ˆ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›ˆ‘”‘”‡–ŠƒͳͲͲ›‡ƒ”•ǡ–‘†ƒ›‘”‡–Šƒ
‡˜‡”‹–’Žƒ›•…”—…‹ƒŽ”‘Ž‡‹–Š‡ƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆƒ…‹‡–„‹‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ†ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•Ǥ
–ƒ†ƒ”†šǦ”ƒ›•ƒ…Š‹‡•ƒ”‡‹†‹•’‡•ƒ„Ž‡–‘‘Ž•‹‡˜‡”›†ƒ›—•‡„—–’ƒŽ‡‘”ƒ†‹‘Ž‘‰›‹••Š‹ˆ–‹‰
–‘™ƒ”†•’ƒŽ‡‘‹ƒ‰‹‰ƒ•…‘’—–‡†–‘‘‰”ƒ’Š›ȋȌǡƒ‰‡–‹…”‡•‘ƒ…‡ȋȌǡ‹…”‘ȋρȌ
ƒ”‡—•‡†‘”‡‘ˆ–‡‹ƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ–Š‡”‡ƒ‹•Ǥ
Š‡™‘”•Š‘’™‹ŽŽ„‡Š‡Ž†ƒ––Š‡‹˜‡”•‹–› ‘•’‹–ƒŽ‡–”‡ƒ‰”‡„ǡŽƒ”‰‡•–”‘ƒ–‹ƒŠ‘•’‹–ƒŽƒ†
—‹˜‡”•‹–› ‡†‹…ƒŽ …‡–”‡ǡ ™Š‡”‡ ƒŽŽ ’ƒ”–‹…‹’ƒ–• ™‹ŽŽ ’ƒ”–‹…‹’ƒ–‡ ‹ •…ƒ‹‰ ‘ˆ ˜ƒ”‹‘—•
’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ…‘†‹–‹‘•ˆ”‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ…‘–‡š–„—–ƒŽ•‘•‘‡ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ”–‡ˆƒ…–•ȋƒ–‡
”‘œ‡‰‡—”•Ȍ‘Ǧ”ƒ›ƒ†—‹–•ǡ’‘••‹„Ž›‘ƒ•™‡ŽŽǤŽŽ•…ƒ‡”•ƒ”‡•‡–‹…Ž‹‹…ƒŽ
‡˜‹”‘‡–™‹–Š’‘••‹„‹Ž‹–‹‡•‘ˆ͵’‘•–Ǧ’”‘…‡••‹‰™Šƒ–™‹ŽŽ„‡†‡‘•–”ƒ–‡†„›‡š’‡”‹‡…‡†
’ƒŽ‡‘”ƒ†‹‘Ž‘‰‹•–•Ǥ


REGULAR CONFERENCE PROGRAM
A CASE OF TUBERCULOSIS OF THE HIP JOINT IN AN ADOLESCENT OF A MODERN (19TH 20TH C.) ITALIAN IDENTIFIED SKELETAL COLLECTION
‹‘ƒ  ǡƒŽ‡–‹ƒ  ǡƒ”‹ƒ
‹‘˜ƒƒ

‡”‡’‘”–ƒ…ƒ•‡‘ˆƒ•‡˜‡”‡†‡•–”—…–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡”‹‰Š–…‘š‘Ǧˆ‡—”ƒŽŒ‘‹–‘ˆƒƒ†‘Ž‡•…‡–ȋǤͺǡ–
ͳͶ ƒ‰‡Ȍ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‘†‡” ȋͳͻ–Š Ǧ ʹͲ–Š …ǤȌǡ ‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡† ȋ•‡š ƒ† ƒ‰‡Ȍ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ …‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ ‘ˆ ƒ‰Ž‹ƒ”‹
ȋƒ”†‹‹ƒǡ –ƒŽ›ȌǤ Š‹• …‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ ‹• Š‘—•‡† ƒ– –Š‡ —•‡— ‘ˆ –Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰› ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‹˜‡”•‹–› ‘ˆ
‘Ž‘‰ƒ –‘‰‡–Š‡” ™‹–Š ƒ„‘—– ͳͲͲͲ ‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡† •‡Ž‡–‘• …‘‹‰ ˆ”‘ ƒ› ‘†‡” –ƒŽ‹ƒ
…‡‡–‡”‹‡•Ǥ ‘”–Š‡ƒ‰Ž‹ƒ”‹…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ǡ…‘’‘•‡†„›͸ͻ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ǡ–Š‡…ƒ—•‡‘ˆ†‡ƒ–Š‹•—‘™
„—––Š‡‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ†–‘‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…ƒƒŽ›•‡•Šƒ˜‡•Š‘™ƒ›…ƒ•‡•™‹–ŠŽ‡•‹‘•”‡Žƒ–‡†–‘
–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•ȋȌǤŠ‡‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ–Š‹•…ƒ•‡•–—†›Šƒ••Š‘™•‡˜‡”ƒŽƒŽ–‡”ƒ–‹‘•‘ˆ
–Š‡Š‹’Œ‘‹––Šƒ–‹˜‘Ž˜‡–Š‡ƒ…‡–ƒ„—Ž—ǡ™‹–Šƒ’‡”ˆ‘”ƒ–‡†Ž‡•‹‘ǡ’‘”‘–‹…•—”ˆƒ…‡ƒ†‘•–‡‘’Š›–‡•
ƒ”‘—†–Š‡…‘–›Ž‘‹†ƒ”‰‹ǡƒ†–Š‡ˆ‡—”ƒŽŠ‡ƒ†ǤŠ‡†‡•–”—…–‹˜‡’”‘…‡••‹•ƒŽ•‘•’”‡ƒ†–‘–Š‡
ˆ‡—”†‹ƒ’Š›•‹•ǡ™‹–Šƒ–Š‹‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡…‘”–‹…ƒŽ„‘‡ǡƒ†–‘–Š‡†‹•–ƒŽˆ‡—”ƒ†’”‘š‹ƒŽ–‹„‹ƒŽ
‡’‹’Š›•‡• ™Š‡”‡ –Š‡ ”ƒ”‡ˆƒ…–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ –”ƒ„‡…—Žƒ” „‘‡ Šƒ• „‡‡ ƒŽ•‘ ‘„•‡”˜‡†Ǥ Š‡ •–ƒ–‡ ‘ˆ
’”‡•‡”˜ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡•‡Ž‡–‘‹•“—‹–‡„ƒ†ǡ‡•’‡…‹ƒŽŽ›ˆ‘”–Š‡”‹„•ƒ†˜‡”–‡„”ƒŽ‡Ž‡‡–•ǡ…‘‘Ž›
ƒˆˆ‡…–‡† „› –Š‡ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ Ǥ Š‡ †‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒŽ †‹ƒ‰‘•‹• Ž‡† —• –‘ …‘””‡Žƒ–‡ –Š‡•‡ Ž‡•‹‘• ™‹–Š
–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹• ƒ••—‹‰ –Š‹• …ƒ•‡ ƒ• ‘‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ˆ‡™ ‡šƒ’Ž‡• ‘ˆ ƒ”–Š”‹–‹• ‹ Œ—˜‡‹Ž‡• ‹ ’”‡Ǧ
ƒ–‹„‹‘–‹…‡”ƒǤŠ‹••–—†›‹•’ƒ”–‘ˆƒŽƒ”‰‡”‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ†–‘‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…ƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ–Š‡•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ
–”ƒ‹–•‘ˆ‘ˆƒŽŽ–Š‡‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡†…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘•ƒ„‘˜‡…‹–‡†Ǥ
NEW INSIGHTS OF LEPROSY FROM SOUTH-EASTERN FRANCE
ƒ
ǡ˜”‹Ž ǡŽ‘Õ‡  ǡ‡  ǡŠ‹Ž‹’’‡ 
 

 ”ƒ…‡ǡ’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”Ž›‹–Š‡•‘—–Š‡””‡‰‹‘ǡ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ…ƒ•‡•‘ˆ ƒ•‡̵•†‹•‡ƒ•‡ƒ”‡˜‡”›
•…ƒ”…‡†‡•’‹–‡ƒŽƒ”‰‡—„‡”‘ˆ‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘•Ǥ—”•–—†›ˆ‘…—•‡•‘’”‡•‡–‹‰‡˜‘…ƒ–‹˜‡Ž‡•‹‘•
‘ •—„Œ‡…–• ˆ”‘ ‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ …‡‡–‡”‹‡• ‹ •‘—–ŠǦ‡ƒ•–‡” ”ƒ…‡Ǥ Š‡ ˆ‹”•– ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ ȋ ʹͳ͵͹͵
ƒ–—”‡ƒ†—Ž–ˆ‡ƒŽ‡Ȍ…‘‡•ˆ”‘–Š‡…‡‡–‡”›‘ˆƒ‹– ‡ƒ†‡‘†‘‹ƒ—†—Ž̵”†‘‹•‡ȋ
ƒ”†Ȍ
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

13

ƒ†’”‡•‡–‡†ƒŽ–‡”ƒ–‹‘•‘–Š‡ˆƒ…‡™‹–Š‘—–ƒ…Ž‡ƒ”’‹…–—”‡‘ˆ”Š‹‘ƒš‹ŽŽƒ”›•›†”‘‡ǤŠ‡
•‡…‘†‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽȋʹͲ͹Ͳ•—„ƒ†—Ž–ʹͲ͹Ͳ‘ˆ‹†‡–‡”‹ƒ–‡•‡šȌˆ”‘–Š‡‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ’”‹‘”›‘ˆ
̶ƒ••ƒ̶‹‘—Œƒ‹–Š‡ ±”ƒ—Ž–•Š‘™‡†–Š‡Ž‡•‹‘•‘–Š‡„‘‡•‘ˆ–Š‡Šƒ†•ǡˆ‡‡–ƒ†Ž‘™‡”
Ž‹„•Ǥ ‹ƒŽŽ›ǡ –™‘ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ȋ Ͳͻ ƒ–—”‡ ˆ‡ƒŽ‡ ƒ†—Ž– Ͳͻ ƒ–—”‡ ƒ†—Ž–Ȍ ˆ”‘ –Š‡
‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ ”‹‰‘Ž‡– „„‡› ȋƒ”Ȍ •Š‘™‡† ƒŽ–‡”ƒ–‹‘• ‘ˆ –Š‡ ˆƒ…‡ ™‹–Š‘—–‰‹˜‹‰ –Š‡ …‘’Ž‡–‡
’‹…–—”‡‘ˆ”Š‹‘ƒš‹ŽŽƒ”›•›†”‘‡Ǥ‘•–‘ˆ–Š‡Ž‡•‹‘•‘„•‡”˜‡†ƒ”‡–Š‡”‡ˆ‘”‡‘–ƒŽŽ–›’‹…ƒŽ‘”
•—ˆˆ‹…‹‡–ˆ‘”–Š‡†‹ƒ‰‘•‹•‘ˆŽ‡’”‘•›Ǥ‘”‡‘˜‡”–Š‡•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ’”‡•‡”˜ƒ–‹‘†‘‡•‘–ƒŽ™ƒ›•ƒŽŽ‘™
ƒ •—……‡••ˆ—Ž †‹ƒ‰‘•‹•Ǥ  ƒ††‹–‹‘ǡ ’ƒŽ‡‘‹…”‘„‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ”‡•‡ƒ”…Š Šƒ• „‡‡ …‘†—…–‡† ‘
‘Ž‡…—Žƒ”ƒ”‡”••’‡…‹ˆ‹…–‘Mycobacterium lepraeǤ ‘”†‡”–‘…ƒ””›‘—––Š‡ƒƒŽ›•‡•ǡˆ‹‡„‘‡
•ƒ’Ž‡• ȋ‡ƒ” –Š‡ ƒˆˆ‡…–‡† ƒ”‡ƒ•Ȍ ƒ† †‡–ƒŽ •ƒ’Ž‡• ™‡”‡ –ƒ‡Ǥ Š‡  ‡š–”ƒ…–‹‘ ƒ†
ƒ’Ž‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ „ƒ…–‡”‹ƒŽ  ™‡”‡ …ƒ””‹‡† ‘—–Ǥ Š‡•‡ ‡™ †ƒ–ƒǡ „‘–Š ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒ†
‘Ž‡…—Žƒ”ǡ”‡‹ˆ‘”…‡‘—”‘™Ž‡†‰‡‘ˆŽ‡’”‘•›‹•‘—–Š‡” ”ƒ…‡†—”‹‰‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ–‹‡•Ǥ

CRIBRA FEMORALIS: ISSUES SURROUNDING AETIOLOGY AND STANDARDISED RECORDING
‡‹ˆ‡”ǡƒ”›Ǥ 

šƒ‹ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ …”‹„”‘—• Ž‡•‹‘• ‹ –Š‡ ’‘•–…”ƒ‹ƒŽ •‡Ž‡–‘ ‹• ƒ ”‡…‡– ƒ† Ž‹‹–‡† ˆ‘…—• ‘ˆ
’ƒŽƒ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›Ǥˆ–‡–Š‡•‡ƒ”‡ƒ••—‡†–‘„‡ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†™‹–Šcribra orbitaliaǡ›‡–ƒ”‡–›’‹…ƒŽŽ›
Ž‡ˆ– —†‡”‡š’Ž‘”‡† ™‹–Š‘—– ƒ› •–ƒ†ƒ”†‹•‡† ”‡…‘”†‹‰ •…Š‡‡Ǥ ‘ †ƒ–‡ǡ •‹š •–—†‹‡• Šƒ˜‡
‡–‹‘‡†…”‹„”‘—•Ž‡•‹‘•‹–Š‡’”‘š‹ƒŽˆ‡—”ǡ”‡ˆ‡””‡†–‘ƒ•cribra femoralisǤŠ‹•Ž‡•‹‘‹•
specifically located on what is referred to as the ‘reaction area’ on the anteromedial headǦ‡…
Œ—…–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ’”‘š‹ƒŽ ˆ‡—”Ǥ – Šƒ• „‡‡ •—‰‰‡•–‡† –Šƒ– –Š‹• …‘—Ž† „‡ ’”‘†—…‡† „› –Š‡
‘……—””‡…‡ ‘ˆ ƒ””‘™ Š›’‡”’Žƒ•‹ƒǡ ƒ ‘•–‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ”‡•’‘•‡ –‘ ƒƒ‡‹… …‘†‹–‹‘• ƒ† –Š‡
”‡–‡–‹‘‘ˆ”‡†ƒ””‘™‹–Š‡’”‘š‹ƒŽˆ‡—”Ǥ—––Š‡’”‡…‹•‡ƒ‡–‹‘Ž‘‰›‘ˆ–Š‹•Ž‡•‹‘Šƒ•›‡––‘
„‡ ‡•–ƒ„Ž‹•Š‡†Ǥ —”–Š‡”‘”‡ǡ ƒ •‡– ‘ˆ †‹ƒ‰‘•–‹… …”‹–‡”‹ƒ ƒ† ‰”ƒ†‹‰ •…Š‡‡ ‡‡†• –‘ „‡
†‡˜‡Ž‘’‡†–‘‡ƒ•—”‡…ƒ—•‡ƒ†•‡˜‡”‹–›Ǥ††‹–‹‘ƒŽ…‘ˆ—•‹‘‹”‡‰ƒ”†•–‘–Š‡‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ƒ†
”‡…‘”†‹‰‘ˆcribra femoralisis the occurrence of Allen’s fossa: this epigenetic trƒ‹–Šƒ•ƒ•‹‹Žƒ”
ƒ’’‡ƒ”ƒ…‡–‘cribra femoralisǡ’‘–‡–‹ƒŽŽ›”‡•—Ž–‹‰‹‹•‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘„‡–™‡‡–Š‡–™‘ǤŠ‹•
’ƒ’‡” ”‡˜‹‡™• ’ƒ•– –Š‘—‰Š–• ‘ …”‹„”‘—• Ž‡•‹‘• ƒ† –Š‡‹” ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ‘”‹‰‹ǡ ƒ† ’”‘˜‹†‡• ƒ
thorough comparison with Allen’s fossa using id‡–‹ˆ‹‡† ‡šƒ’Ž‡• ˆ”‘ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ˆ”‘ ’‘•–Ǧ
medieval England (St. Oswald’s Priory). By better differentiating the two features, identification
‘ˆŠ‡ƒ–‘’‘‹‡–‹…†‹•‘”†‡”•‹–Š‡’ƒ•–…ƒ„‡„‡––‡”ƒ•…‡”–ƒ‹‡†Ǥ

CAN FEMORAL BONE SHAPE BE TRUSTED AS AN INDICATOR FOR LIFESTYLE?
ƒ†ƒ•‡ƒŠ ǡ‹…–‘”‹ƒǡ—–Š
Ǧ
ǡ ”ƒo  ǡ ‹Žƒ

–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹•–•—•‡„‘‡‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰›–‘‹ˆ‡”–Š‡’Š›•‹…ƒŽ„—”†‡ǡ‡–Š‹…‹–›ǡŠ‡ƒŽ–Šǡƒ†•‘ˆ‘”–Š
‘ˆ’ƒ•–‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ǡ„ƒ•‡†‘–Š‡‘–‹‘–Šƒ–’‘•–Ǧ‰”‘™–Š†‡˜‡Ž‘’‡–‘ˆ–Š‡•‡Ž‡–‘‹•‡‰Ž‹‰‹„Ž‡
ƒ† –Š‡”‡ˆ‘”‡ „‘‡ •Šƒ’‡ …ƒ „‡ …‘•‹†‡”‡† •–ƒ„Ž‡ –Š”‘—‰Š‘—– Ž‹ˆ‡Ǥ ‘™‡˜‡”ǡ ‹• –Š‹• ‘–‹‘ ‘ˆ
•–ƒ„‹Ž‹–› ‡˜‹†‡…‡Ǧ„ƒ•‡†ǫ Š‡ ƒ‹ ‘ˆ –Š‡ …—””‡– •–—†› ™ƒ• –‘ ‡šƒ‹‡ •Šƒ’‡ †›ƒ‹…• ‹ –Š‡
’”‘š‹ƒŽ ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ „‘‡ ˆ”‘ ‡ƒ”Ž› ƒ†—Ž–Š‘‘† –‘ ‘Ž† ƒ‰‡Ǥ Š‡ •Šƒ’‡‘ˆ –Š‡ ’”‘š‹ƒŽ ˆ‡—” ™ƒ•
…ƒ’–—”‡†—•‹‰ƒ‰‡‘‡–”‹…‘”’Š‘‡–”‹…ȋ
Ȍ‡–Š‘†ǤŠ‡
‘†‡Ž‹…Ž—†‡•ͳʹŽƒ†ƒ”•
ƒ†ˆ‘—”…—”˜‡•”‡’”‡•‡–‡†„›͵ͳ•‡‹Žƒ†ƒ”•ǡƒ’’Ž‹‡†–‘˜‹”–—ƒŽ–Š”‡‡Ǧ†‹‡•‹‘ƒŽˆ‡‘”ƒŽ
•—”ˆƒ…‡”‡…‘•–”—…–‹‘•ǤŠ‡‘†‡Ž™ƒ•ƒ’’Ž‹‡†–‘ͳ͹Ͷ‘†‡”‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™Š‘—†‡”™‡–
•…ƒ• ’”‹‘” –‘ –Š‡ •–—†›Ǥ ‡ ˆ‘—† –Šƒ– ’”‘š‹ƒŽ ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ •Šƒ’‡ …Šƒ‰‡• †—”‹‰ –Š‡ Š—ƒ
Ž‹ˆ‡–‹‡ǡ ”‡‰ƒ”†Ž‡•• ‘ˆ •‡šǤ Š‡•‡ …Šƒ‰‡• ‹…Ž—†‡ ”‡†—…‡† •’Š‡”‹…‹–› ‘ˆ –Š‡ ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ Š‡ƒ†ǡ
‹…”‡ƒ•‡†…‘…ƒ˜‹–›‘ˆ–Š‡•—’‡”‹‘”•—”ˆƒ…‡‘ˆ–Š‡ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ‡…ƒ†‹…”‡ƒ•‡†Žƒ–‡”ƒŽ’”‘Œ‡…–‹‘‘ˆ
–Š‡‰”‡ƒ–‡”–”‘…Šƒ–‡”ǤŠ‹••–—†›•—‰‰‡•–•…ƒ—–‹‘™Š‡—•‹‰ˆ‡‘”ƒŽˆ‡ƒ–—”‡•–‘‹ˆ‡”‘†ƒŽ‹–›
‘ˆŽ‹ˆ‡‹’ƒ•–’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•Ǥ

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

14

GRANULOMA AND TERATOMA IN A PROBABLE POTTER FROM ANCIENT NUBIA
”‡†ƒ Ǥ

—”‹‰–Š‡ʹͲͳ͸ˆ‹‡Ž†•‡ƒ•‘‘ˆ–Š‡‹‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰›‘ˆ—„‹ƒš’‡†‹–‹‘‡ƒ”ƒŽǦ‹‹ˆƒ„ǡ—†ƒǡƒ
——•—ƒŽ‰”ƒ˜‡™ƒ•‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡†ƒ’’”‘š‹ƒ–‡Ž›ʹͷ†‘™•Ž‘’‡‘ˆ–Š‡‘”–Š‡”‘•–‰”ƒ˜‡•ƒ–‹–‡
 ͲͻǦͲͳǤ ‹‡‘•–ǡ –Š‹• ‰”ƒ˜‡ ™ƒ• †‹•–—”„‡† ‹ ƒ–‹“—‹–› „—– ‹–• …‘•–”—…–‹‘ †‹ˆˆ‡”‡† ˆ”‘
–Š‘•‡ ‡ƒ”„›Ǥ ‡”ƒ‹…• ˆ”‘ –Š‡ •—’‡”•–”—…–—”‡ ƒ† ‰”ƒ˜‡ •Šƒˆ– ™‡”‡ —Ž‹‡ ƒ› ’”‡˜‹‘—•Ž›
”‡…‘˜‡”‡†™‹–Š˜‡••‡Ž•Šƒ’‡ƒ††‡…‘”ƒ–‹‘†‹ˆˆ‡”‹‰ˆ”‘‘™‡”ƒ’‡”‹‘†•–›Ž‡•Ǥ‹‹Žƒ”
•Š‡”†•™‡”‡ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†™‹–Š‘–Š‡”‰”ƒ˜‡•ƒ––Š‹••‹–‡ǤŠ‡„—”‹ƒŽ™ƒ•ƒˆ‡ƒŽ‡™Š‘†‹‡†‹Š‡”ͶͲ•ǡ
’Žƒ…‡†‹ƒˆŽ‡š‡†’‘•‹–‹‘‘Š‡””‹‰Š–•‹†‡™‹–ŠŠ‡ƒ†–‘–Š‡‡ƒ•–Ǥ‡ƒ–Š‡”ˆ”ƒ‰‡–•‹†‹…ƒ–‡•Š‡
™ƒ•™”ƒ’’‡†‹ƒŠ‹†‡ǡ–›’‹…ƒŽ–”‡ƒ–‡–ˆ‘”–Š‹•’‡”‹‘†ǤŽ‡ƒ–Š‡”•ƒ’Ž‡›‹‡Ž†‡†ƒ…ƒŽ‹„”ƒ–‡†
”ƒ†‹‘…ƒ”„‘†ƒ–‡‘ˆͳ͹ͷͳǦͳ͸ͳͻȋͻͷǤͶΨ’”‘„ƒ„‹Ž‹–›ȌǤ‡Ž‡–ƒŽ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›‹…Ž—†‡•Ž‡•‹‘•‘–Š‡
‹–‡”ƒŽ•—”ˆƒ…‡•‘ˆ”‹„•ǡ•ƒŽŽ…ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†’Žƒ“—‡•ǡƒ†ƒ…ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†‘†—Ž‡ȋ‰”ƒ—Ž‘ƒȌ‹†‹…ƒ–‹˜‡‘ˆ
ƒ…Š”‘‹…”‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”›†‹•‡ƒ•‡Ǥ„‘‡–‘‘Žˆ‘—†ƒŽ‘‰–Š‡—’’‡”„ƒ…™ƒ•Ž‹‡Ž›—•‡†ˆ‘”‹…‹•‹‰
ƒ†„—”‹•Š‹‰…‡”ƒ‹…•Ǥ‘‰‡–Š‡”ǡ–Š‡”‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”›‹ˆ‡…–‹‘ƒ†–‘‘Ž•—‰‰‡•–•Š‡™ƒ•ƒ’‘––‡”Ǥ
‹Ž‹…‘•‹•ǡ ƒ ‘……—’ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ Šƒœƒ”† ‘ˆ ’‘––‡”•ǡ ‹‡”•ǡ ƒ† ‘–Š‡”• ™Š‘ ‹ŠƒŽ‡ •‹Ž‹…ƒ ’ƒ”–‹…Ž‡•ǡ ‘”
–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•ǡ ƒ ˆ”‡“—‡– …‘’Ž‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ •‹Ž‹…‘•‹•ǡ ƒ”‡ –Š‡ ‘•– Ž‹‡Ž› …ƒ—•‡•Ǥ  •ƒ’Ž‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡
‰”ƒ—Ž‘ƒ™ƒ•–‡•–‡†ˆ‘”ˆ”‘–Š‡M. tuberculosis…‘’Ž‡šƒ†•—„•‡“—‡–Ž›•—„Œ‡…–‡†–‘
‹…”‘Ǧ•…ƒ‹‰–‘ƒ••‡••‹–•ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘ǤŽ–Š‘—‰Š–Š‡•ƒ’Ž‡›‹‡Ž†‡†ǡ‹–™ƒ•‡‰ƒ–‹˜‡ˆ‘”
–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•ǡ Ž‡†‹‰ •—’’‘”– –‘ •‹Ž‹…‘•‹• ƒ• ƒ ‘”‡ Ž‹‡Ž› ‡–‹‘Ž‘‰›Ǥ ††‹–‹‘ƒŽŽ›ǡ –Š‡ ’‡Ž˜‹•
…‘–ƒ‹‡† ˆ‘—” ƒŽˆ‘”‡†ǡ ˆ—ŽŽ› ”‘‘–‡† –‡‡–Š ƒ† –‹••—‡ ˆ”‘ ƒ –‡”ƒ–‘ƒǡ ƒ ‰‡‡”ƒŽŽ› „‡‹‰
–—‘”Ǥ ‹…”‘Ǧ •…ƒ• ‘ˆ –™‘ –‡”ƒ–‘ƒ –‡‡–Š ƒ† ‘”ƒŽ –‡‡–Š ™‹ŽŽ ’‡”‹– †‡˜‡Ž‘’‡–ƒŽ
…‘’ƒ”‹•‘•ǤŠ‡•‡ƒƒŽ›•‡•’”‘˜‹†‡‹•‹‰Š–‹–‘–Š‡Ž‹ˆ‡‘ˆ–Š‹•‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽƒ†”ƒ‹•‡ƒ††‹–‹‘ƒŽ
“—‡•–‹‘•ˆ‘”ˆ—”–Š‡”‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‹‘Ǥ

INFLICTED TRAUMA AMONG THE PICENI POPULATION FROM IRON AGE NECROPOLIS OF
NOVILARA (ITALY – PESARO, 8TH-7TH C. BC)
‹…Šƒ‡ŽŽŽ‡ǡ‹–ƒ  ǡŠ‹ƒ”ƒ 

ƒ…‰”‘—†ǣ‘—”™‘”•–ƒ”–‡†ˆ”‘–Š‡•ƒŽ˜ƒ‰‡‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘ƒ– ”‘‰‡…‡‡–‡”›‘ˆ‘˜‹Žƒ”ƒȋͺ–ŠǦ
͹–ŠȌǡƒ‹…‡‹̵•‡…”‘’‘Ž‹•Ž‘…ƒ–‡†‡ƒ”–Š‡…‹–›‘ˆ‡•ƒ”‘ȋƒ”…Š‡Ȍǡ’ƒ”–‹ƒŽŽ›‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‡†ƒ––Š‡
‡†‘ˆ–Š‡ͳͻ–Š…‡–—”›ƒ†”‡Ǧ‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡†‹ʹͲͳʹǦʹͲͳ͵ǡ†—‡–‘–Š‡„—‹Ž†‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡–Š‹”†Žƒ‡‘ˆ
ͳͶŠ‹‰Š™ƒ›Ǥ—”™‘”ƒŽŽ‘™‡†–‘„”‹‰–‘Ž‹‰Š–‘–Š‡”ͳͷͲ‰”ƒ˜‡•ǡ™‹–Šͳͻͷ•‡Ž‡–‘•”‡…‘˜‡”‡†Ǥ
”‘…‡‡†‹‰™‹–Š–Š‡ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ•–—†›ǡ͸…ƒ•‡•‘ˆ‹ˆŽ‹…–‡†–”ƒ—ƒ•Šƒ˜‡„‡‡”‡…‘‰‹•‡†ȋ͵Ψ
‘ˆ–Š‡–‘–ƒŽ—„‡”‘ˆ•—„Œ‡…–•ȌǤ‹•ǣ•‹š—”‡Ž‡ƒ•‡†…ƒ•‡•–—†‹‡•ƒ”‡’”‡•‡–‡†‹–Š‹•’ƒ’‡”ˆ‘”
™Š‹…Š ™‡ ƒŽ•‘ –”‹‡† –‘ Ž‹ –Š‡ –‘ •’‡…‹ˆ‹… ‹† ‘ˆ ™‡ƒ’‘ ‡’Ž‘›‡†ǡ ‹ ‘”†‡” –‘ ‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‡
‹–‡”’‡”•‘ƒŽ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡†—”‹‰ ”‘‰‡Ǥ‡–Š‘†•ǣ„›–Š‡ƒ…”‘•…‘’‹…ƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ–Š‡Ž‡•‹‘•ƒ†
–Š‡‹”…‘’ƒ”‹•‘™‹–Š‘™ˆ‘”‡•‹……ƒ•‡•–—†‹‡•ǡ‹–™ƒ•’‘••‹„Ž‡–‘ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡–Š‡‹Œ—”›™‹–Š–Š‡
–›’‡‘ˆ™‡ƒ’‘–Šƒ–…ƒ—•‡†–Š‡Ǥ‡•—Ž–•ǣ–Š‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽˆ”‘‰”ƒ˜‡ͳͷͳǦƒ›‘—‰ƒ†—Ž–ƒŽ‡Ǧ
•Š‘™•’‡”‹Ǧ‘”–ƒŽ™‘—†•‹ˆŽ‹…–‡†„›ƒƒš‡™‹–Šƒˆƒ–ƒŽ‘—–…‘‡Ǣ–Š‹•™ƒ•ƒŽ”‡ƒ†›˜‹•‹„Ž‡ˆ”‘
–Š‡’‘•‹–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡•‡Ž‡–‘‹•‹†‡–Š‡’‹–Ǥ‡‰ƒ”†‹‰–Š‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ˆ”‘–Š‡‰”ƒ˜‡•Ͷͳƒ†ͳ͹ͲǦ
„‘–Šƒ–—”‡ƒ†—Ž–ƒŽ‡•Ǧ–Š‡–”ƒ—ƒ•™‡”‡”‡•’‡…–‹˜‡Ž›‹ƒŠ‡ƒŽ‹‰’Šƒ•‡‘”ƒŽ”‡ƒ†›ˆ—ŽŽ›Š‡ƒŽ‡†Ǥ
–Š‡ˆ‹”•–…ƒ•‡–Š‡Ž‡•‹‘”‡•—Ž–‡†ˆ”‘ƒ…—––‹‰™‡ƒ’‘™Š‹Ž‡‹–Š‡•‡…‘†…ƒ•‡ˆ”‘ƒƒ…‡Ǥ
‹ƒŽŽ›ǡƒ‘–Š‡”–Š”‡‡…ƒ•‡••Š‘™Ž‡•‹‘•‘ˆ’”‘„ƒ„Ž‡ƒ‰‰”‡••‹˜‡‘”‹‰‹ȋ‰”ƒ˜‡ͳͲ͵ǡͳ͸ʹƒ†ͳͺ͵Ȍǣ
–™‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ •Š‘™ Ž‡•‹‘• …‘’ƒ–‹„Ž‡ ™‹–Š ƒ „Žƒ†‡ǡ –Š‡ ‘–Š‡” ‘‡ ™ƒ• ƒ „Ž—– ˆ‘”…‡ –”ƒ—ƒǤ
‘…Ž—•‹‘•ǣ–Š‡”‡•—Ž–•Š‹‰ŠŽ‹‰Š––Š‡ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‹‘„‡–™‡‡•’‡…‹ˆ‹…‹†‘ˆ™‡ƒ’‘•ƒ†–Š‡’‡”‹Ǧ
‘”–‡ ‹Œ—”‹‡• ”‡’‘”–‡†Ǥ ‹…‡‹ ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ ™ƒ• Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽŽ› †‡ˆ‹‡† ƒ• ƒ ™ƒ””‹‘” ‘‡ ƒ†
„‹‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ†ƒ–ƒŠ‡”‡•—’’‘”–‡†–Š‡‡ˆˆ‡…–‹˜‡’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆ‹–‡”’‡”•‘ƒŽ˜‹‘Ž‡…‡Ǥ

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

15

HUMAN SKELETAL REMAINS FOR SALE: A REASSESSMENT OF ETHICAL PRACTICES IN THE
UNITED STATES
‘„„‹‡ƒš‹‡ ǡƒ”ƒŠ•ŠŽ›

–Š‹…ƒŽ …‘•‹†‡”ƒ–‹‘• ”‡‰ƒ”†‹‰ –Š‡ Šƒ†Ž‹‰ ƒ† ƒƒŽ›•‹• ‘ˆ Š—ƒ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹ ƒ”‡
…‘•‹†‡”‡†‹…‘•‹•–‡–ƒ†ƒ”‡’”‘„Ž‡ƒ–‹…ƒŽŽ›ƒ’’Ž‹‡†ƒ…”‘••†‹•…‹’Ž‹‡•‹–Š‡‹–‡†–ƒ–‡•Ǥ
—””‡–Ž›ǡ –Š‡”‡ ƒ”‡ ‘ ˆ‡†‡”ƒŽ ƒ†ƒ–‡• ”‡‰—Žƒ–‹‰ –Š‡ „—›‹‰ ƒ† •‡ŽŽ‹‰ ‘ˆ Š—ƒ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ
ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ•ǡ ƒ† ‹– ‹• †‹ˆˆ‹…—Ž– –‘ †‡–‡”‹‡ Š‘™ ƒ† ™Š‡”‡ ”‡ƒ‹• ƒ”‡ ƒ…“—‹”‡†Ǥ ”‘ˆ‡••‹‘ƒŽ
‘”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘•Ž‹‡–Š‡‘…‹‡–›ˆ‘” ‘”‡•‹…–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹•–•Šƒ˜‡‡–Š‹…••–ƒ–‡‡–•„—–ˆ‘…—•‘
‘–Š‡” –‘’‹…•ǡ ƒ‡Ž› …‘—”– ‡–‹“—‡––‡Ǥ Š‡ ‡–Š‹…• ‘ˆ –Š‡ Šƒ†Ž‹‰ǡ …—”ƒ–‹‘ ƒ† …‘‡”…‹ƒŽ
‡š…Šƒ‰‡ ‘ˆ Š—ƒ ”‡ƒ‹• ƒ”‡ ‘– „‡‹‰ ’‘Ž‹…‡† ˆ”‘ ™‹–Š‹ ƒ…ƒ†‡‹… ƒ† ’”‘ˆ‡••‹‘ƒŽ
†‹•…‹’Ž‹‡•‡‹–Š‡”ǤŽ–Š‘—‰Š
ƒ†•–ƒ–‡Ǧ•’‡…‹ˆ‹…”‡‰—Žƒ–‹‘•‡š‹•––‘”‡‡†›ƒ†’”‡˜‡–
—‡–Š‹…ƒŽ ’”ƒ…–‹…‡•ǡ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ …‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘• ƒ…”‘•• –Š‡ ƒ–‹‘ …‘–‹—‡ –‘ †‡‘•–”ƒ–‡ ‡˜‹†‡…‡ ‘ˆ
”ƒ…‹•ǡ…Žƒ••‹•ǡƒ†„‹ƒ•‹–Š‡‹”…‘’‘•‹–‹‘ƒ†…—”ƒ–‹‘ǤŠ‹•”‡•‡ƒ”…Š‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‡•–Š‡Š‹•–‘”›
‘ˆŠ—ƒ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•—•‡†‹–Š‡–‡ƒ…Š‹‰…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ƒ–‘‡ƒ…ƒ†‡‹…‹•–‹–—–‹‘ȋƒŽ‹ˆ‘”‹ƒ
–ƒ–‡‹˜‡”•‹–›‘‹‰—‡œ ‹ŽŽ•Ȍƒ•ƒ…ƒ•‡•–—†›„›„—‹Ž†‹‰„‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ’”‘ˆ‹Ž‡•‘ˆ–Š‡”‡ƒ‹•
ƒ†ƒ––‡’–‹‰–‘ˆ‹††‘…—‡–ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡‹”ƒ…“—‹•‹–‹‘Ǥ‘•‹†‡”‹‰–Š‡’”‘„Ž‡ƒ–‹…Š‹•–‘”›‘ˆ
–Š‡ •ƒŽ‡ ‘ˆ Š—ƒ ”‡ƒ‹• ˆ”‘ ‘–Š‡” …‘—–”‹‡•ǡ ƒ‡Ž› †‹ƒǡ ‹ –Š‡ ‹††Ž‡ ’ƒ”– ‘ˆ –Š‡ Žƒ•–
…‡–—”› ™Š‡ –Š‡ —‹˜‡”•‹–› ƒ† ‹–• Žƒ„• ™‡”‡ ‡•–ƒ„Ž‹•Š‡†ǡ ‹– ‹• ‹’‘”–ƒ– –‘ ”‡…‘‰‹œ‡ –Š‡
’”‘˜‡‹‡…‡‘ˆ–Š‡•‡”‡ƒ‹•–‘‰‹˜‡’”‘’‡””‡…‘‡†ƒ–‹‘•ˆ‘”…—”ƒ–‹‘•ƒ†Ȁ‘””‡’ƒ–”‹ƒ–‹‘Ǥ
•ƒ‹•–‹–—–‹‘™Š‘•‡•–—†‡–„‘†›‹•’”‡†‘‹ƒ–‡Ž›’‡‘’Ž‡‘ˆ…‘Ž‘”ǡ‹–‹•‘—””‡•’‘•‹„‹Ž‹–›–‘
ƒ††”‡••Š‘™‘—”‘™–‡ƒ…Š‹‰…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘•”‡ˆŽ‡…–’ƒ•–’‘Ž‹–‹…ƒŽƒ†•‘…‹ƒŽ‘’’”‡••‹‘ǤŠ‹••–—†›
ƒ’’”‘ƒ…Š‡•‡–Š‹…ƒŽ’”ƒ…–‹…‡•ƒ†•—‰‰‡•–••–ƒ†ƒ”†•–Šƒ–…ƒ„‡‹’Ž‡‡–‡†™Š‡†‡ƒŽ‹‰™‹–Š
Š—ƒ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•„ƒ•‡†‘…”‘••Ǧ…—Ž–—”ƒŽ…‘’ƒ”‹•‘•Ǥ


RESULTS OF THE ITALIAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCHES IN
SUDAN AT JEBEL BARKAL (2016-2017)
”ƒ…‡•…ƒ ǡ ”ƒ…‡•…ƒ   ǡ ‡†‡”‹…ƒ ǡƒ”–‹‘
ǡƒ—‡Ž‡
   ǡ‘Šƒ‡†

Š‡ –ƒŽ‹ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ‹••‹‘‹—†ƒ™‘”•‹ ‡„‡Žƒ”ƒŽ‘–Š‡ƒ”‡ƒ‘ˆ–Š‡ƒ…‹‡–•‹–‡
‘ˆƒ’ƒ–ƒǡ‡•…‘‘”Ž† ‡”‹–ƒ‰‡ǡ‡ƒ”–Š‡‘†‡”…‹–›‘ˆƒ”‹ƒǤŠ‡‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘•–ƒ”–‡†ƒ„‘—–
ͶͲ ›‡ƒ”• ƒ‰‘ǡ ‹‹–‹ƒŽŽ› under the aegis of the University of Roma “La Sapienza” and of Prof.
‘ƒ†‘‹ǡŽƒ–‡”—†‡”–Š‡†‹”‡…–‹‘‘ˆ”‘ˆǤ‘……ƒ–‹ƒ†ǡˆ”‘ʹͲͳͳ…ƒ””‹‡†‘—–„›”‘ˆǤ‹ƒ’‹‹
of Ca’ Foscari University of Venice. The Mission is supported by the Excavations Fund of –Š‡
University Ca’Foscari, and the Italian Ministry of the Foreign Affairs and, from the 2014 is also
’ƒ”–‘ˆ–Š‡ƒ–ƒ”Ǧ—†ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ”‘Œ‡…–ǤŠ‡ƒ‹‰‘ƒŽ‹•–‘‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‡–Š‡ƒ”‡ƒ…Š‘•‡„›
–Š‡‡”‘‹–‹…‹‰ƒ–ƒƒƒ‹–‘”‡ƒŽ‹œ‡ƒ‹’”‡••‹˜‡”‘›ƒŽ†‹•–”‹…–ȋ†ƒ–‡†–‘–Š‡ …‡–—”›ǤȌǡ
…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹œ‡†„›–Š‡’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆŠ‹•‘›ƒŽƒŽƒ…‡ȋͳͷͲͲȌƒ†•‡˜‡”ƒŽ‘–Š‡”„—‹Ž†‹‰•’”‘„ƒ„Ž›
”‡Žƒ–‡† –‘ ‹–ǡ Ž‡••‡” ‹ †‹‡•‹‘• „—– ”‹…Š ‘ˆ ƒ••‹˜‡ ƒ”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ •ƒ†•–‘‡ ‡Ž‡‡–•ǡ ƒ†
…—””‡–Ž›‹’”‘‰”‡••‘ˆ‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘Ǥ‹…‡ʹͲͳ͸–Š‡ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ•–—†›‘ˆ–Š‡ˆ‡™„—”‹ƒŽ•ˆ‘—†
ƒ– –Š‡ •‹–‡ •–ƒ”–‡†ǡ ƒ† ‹ ʹͲͳ͹ ™‡ ‘„–ƒ‹‡† –Š‡ ’‡”‹••‹‘ –‘ …ƒ–ƒŽ‘‰—‡ ƒ† ƒƒŽ›œ‡ ƒŽ•‘ –Š‡
Š—ƒ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•Š‡Ž†‹–Š‡ƒ”‹ƒ—•‡—ƒ†–‘’‡”ˆ‘”ƒ•—”˜‡›ƒ†ƒ‡˜ƒŽ—ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ
the preservation state of the natural mummy in the museum’s collections. The human remains
…‘•‹•–‡†‘ˆ‘”‡–ŠƒʹͲ•—„Œ‡…–•ǡ•Š‘™‹‰‡š–”‡‡Ž›™‡ŽŽ’”‡•‡”˜‡†•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•ƒ†Š‹‰ŠŽ›
†ƒƒ‰‡††‡–ƒŽ‘‡•ǡƒŽŽ…‘‹‰ˆ”‘•ƒŽ˜ƒ‰‡‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘•‘ˆ’‘•–Ǧ‡”‘‹–‹…•‹–‡•ƒ––Š‡Ͷ–Š‹Ž‡
…ƒ–ƒ”ƒ…–Ǥ Š‡ ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒ† ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒƒŽ›•‹• ”‡˜‡ƒŽ‡† •‡˜‡”ƒŽ ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹‡• ƒ†
ƒ”‡”•‘ˆ‘……—’ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ•–”‡••ƒ†–Š‡ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„‹Ž‹–›‘ˆ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•ƒŽŽ‘™‡†–Š‡„ƒ•‹…–”ƒ‹‹‰
‘ˆ—†ƒ‡•‡’‡”•‘‡Ž‘–Š‡–”‡ƒ–‡–ƒ†”‡…‘˜‡”›‘ˆŠ—ƒ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ‡˜‹†‡…‡Ǥ




BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

16

HEALTH STATUS OF A LATE ANTIQUITY HUMAN POPULATION FROM PIAZZA CORRUBBIOVERONA, ITALY
”ƒ…‡•…ƒ  ǡ ƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 ǡ ‘„‡”–‘  ǡ ”ƒ…‡•…‘ 
 ǡ
ƒ‹‡Žƒ 

Š‡Š—ƒ•ƒ’Ž‡ƒƒŽ›•‡†…‘‡ˆ”‘ƒ‡…”‘’‘Ž‹•‹™Š‹…Š͵ͻͶ–‘„•Šƒ˜‡„‡‡‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡†
„‡–™‡‡ʹͲͲͻƒ†ʹͲͳͲȋ–™‘‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘…ƒ’ƒ‹‰•Ȍ‹–Š‡˜‡”›Š‡ƒ”–‘ˆ–Š‡…‹–›‘ˆ‡”‘ƒǦ –ƒŽ›Ǥ
‹ˆˆ‡”‡–„—”‹ƒŽ–›’‘Ž‘‰‹‡••—…Šƒ•…ƒ’’—……‹ƒ–‘„•ǡ„—”‹ƒŽ•‹ƒ’Š‘”ƒ‡ǡ‹„”‹……‘ˆˆ‹•ǡ•–‘‡
…‘ˆˆ‹•ƒ†•‹’Ž‡„—”‹ƒŽ•†—‰‹–Š‡‰”‘—†Šƒ˜‡„‡‡—•‡††—”‹‰ƒŽ‘‰’‡”‹‘†‘ˆ‡š’Ž‘‹–ƒ–‹‘
‘ˆ–Š‹•—”„ƒ•‹–‡ƒ•ƒ„—”‹ƒŽƒ”‡ƒȋˆ‹”•–’Šƒ•‡ǣ‡†‘ˆ͵”†…‡–—”›Ǧ„‡‰‹‹‰‘ˆͶ–Š…‡–—”›Ǣ
•‡…‘†’Šƒ•‡ǣͷ–‘͹–Š…‡–—”›Ǣ–Š‹”†’Šƒ•‡ǣ͹–‘ͺ–Š…‡–—”›ȌǤ’–‘†ƒ–‡Ͷͷ„—”‹ƒŽ•‘ˆ–Š‡
so called “cappuccina” type, 13 from lithic coffins, 10 from brick coffins and 23 from tombs in
ƒ’Š‘”ƒȋ™‹–Šƒ–‘–ƒŽˆ‹‰—”‡‘ˆ͸ͳƒ†—Ž–•ƒ†ͶͳŒ—˜‡‹Ž‡•”‡…‘˜‡”‡†ȌǡŠƒ˜‡„‡‡•ƒ’Ž‡†ƒ†
•–—†‹‡†Ǥ Š‡ ƒ‹ ‘ˆ ‘—” •–—†› ‹• –‘ ”‡…‘•–”—…– ’ƒŽƒ‡‘†‡‘‰”ƒ’Š‹… ’ƒ––‡”•ǡ –‘ ‡˜ƒŽ—ƒ–‡ –Š‡
‰‡‡”ƒŽ Š‡ƒŽ–Š •–ƒ–—• ‘ˆ –Š‹• ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ǡ –Š‡ ‘……—””‡…‡ ‘ˆ †‡–ƒŽ ƒ† •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹‡•ǡ
—–”‹–‹‘ƒŽ•–”‡••ƒ”‡”•ǡƒ”‡”•‘ˆ‘……—’ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ•–”‡••ƒ†–‘–‡•–‡™‡–Š‘†‘Ž‘‰‹‡•ˆ‘”–Š‡
†‹ƒ‰‘•‹•‘ˆ’‡”‹‘†‘–ƒŽ†‹•‡ƒ•‡Ǥ•’”‡Ž‹‹ƒ”›’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ‘„•‡”˜ƒ–‹‘•™‡‘–‹…‡†–Š‡
’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆ‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‘•‹•‘ˆ–Š‡ƒ‹Œ‘‹–•ǡƒŽˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘•ǡˆ”ƒ…–—”‡•ǡƒ…ƒ•‡‘ˆ–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•‘ˆ
–Š‡•’‹‡ƒ†ƒ‰‡‡”ƒŽŠ‡ƒ˜›—•…—Žƒ”‡‰ƒ‰‡‡–™‹–Š–Š‡’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆ•‡˜‡”ƒŽǤ ‘”‘—”
‘†‘–‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ•–—†›‘–Š‡‘……—””‡…‡‘ˆ’‡”‹‘†‘–ƒŽ†‹•‡ƒ•‡ͷ͸•ƒ’Ž‡•ˆ”‘•—„Œ‡…–•™‹–Š‘”‡
–Šƒ –Š”‡‡ –‡‡–Š ’”‡•‡”˜‡† ƒ† ƒ‰‡† ‘”‡ –Šƒ ͳͺǦʹͷ ȋƒ‰‡ ‡•–‹ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ™ƒ•
’‡”ˆ‘”‡† …‘’ƒ”‹‰ –”ƒ†‹tional anthropological methods and Cameriere’s radiographic
‡–Š‘†Ȍ™‡”‡–ƒ‡—•‹‰‡™”‡…‘”†•Š‡‡–•ƒ†–”›‹‰–‘—†‡”•–ƒ†–Š‡’‡”…‡–ƒ‰‡‘ˆ–‡‡–Š
ƒˆˆ‡…–‡†ƒ†–Š‡‹…‹†‡…‡‘ˆ–Š‹•’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›ƒ……‘”†‹‰–‘•‡šƒ†ƒ‰‡‘ˆ–Š‡†‡…‡ƒ•‡†Ǥ—„Œ‡…–•
™‹–Š˜‡”–‹…ƒŽ„‘‡Ž‘••ˆ”‘‘†‡”ƒ–‡–‘•‡˜‡”‡ƒ”‡ͷͷ‘—–‘ˆͷ͸ǡ‹…Ž—†‹‰ʹͳƒŽ‡•ǡͳͻˆ‡ƒŽ‡•
ƒ†ͳ͸‹†‡–‡”‹ƒ–‡•—„Œ‡…–•Ǥ
THE MIDDLE AGE BURIALS OF DOGALETTO DI MIRA (VE): CASES OF CONTEMPORARY
DEATHS OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN
”ƒ…‡•…ƒ ǡ‹‡”ƒŽŽ‡‰”ƒ 

Š‡‹††Ž‡‰‡…‡‡–‡”›‘ˆ–Š‡‘ƒ•–‡”›‘ˆ‘‰ƒŽ‡––‘‹‹”ƒȋ‡‹…‡Ȍǡ‡˜‡‹ˆ…‘‡…–‡†–‘ƒ
ƒŽ‡ ‡……Ž‡•‹ƒ•–‹… …‘—‹–› ‹ ‹–• ‡ƒ”Ž‹‡” ƒ‰‡ǡ Šƒ• „‡‡ —•‡† ƒŽ•‘ ˆ‘” ˆ‡ƒŽ‡ ƒ† …Š‹Ž†”‡ Žƒ›
„—”‹ƒŽ•†—”‹‰‹–•Žƒ–‡”’Šƒ•‡‘ˆ—•‡ǤŠ‡ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ•–—†›Šƒ•ˆ‘…—•‡†‘–Š‡”‡ƒ‹•‘ˆʹͲ
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•„—”‹‡†‹ͳͷ–‘„•ƒ†–Š‡Š—ƒ•ƒ’Ž‡‹•ˆ‘”‡†„›ƒŽ‡•ƒ†ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•‘ˆƒ†—Ž–ƒ‰‡
ƒ† „› ͷ Œ—˜‡‹Ž‡•Ǥ ‡ ‘–‹…‡† –Šƒ– ƒŽ‡• ƒ”‡ ƒŽ™ƒ›• „—”‹‡† ‹ •‹‰Ž‡ „—”‹ƒŽ• ™Š‹Ž‡ ͵ –‘„•
…‘–ƒ‹‡† –Š‡ ”‡ƒ‹• ‘ˆ „‘–Š ˆ‡ƒŽ‡• ƒ† Œ—˜‡‹Ž‡• –‘‰‡–Š‡” ƒ† ƒƒŽ›•‹‰ –Š‡•‡ †‘—„Ž‡ ‘”
—Ž–‹’Ž‡‰”ƒ˜‡•™‡…‘—Ž†’—–ˆ‘”™ƒ”†•‡˜‡”ƒŽŠ›’‘–Š‡•‡•”‡‰ƒ”†‹‰–Š‡…‹”…—•–ƒ…‡•–Šƒ–Ž‡†
–Š‘•‡•—„Œ‡…–•–‘†‡ƒ–ŠǤ ‘‡…ƒ•‡ƒˆ‡ƒŽ‡ƒˆˆ‡…–‡†„›•‡˜‡”‡Š‹’†›•’Žƒ•‹ƒ™ƒ•„—”‹‡†–‘‰‡–Š‡”
™‹–Šƒ•—„Œ‡…–‘ˆ’‡”‹ƒ–ƒŽƒ‰‡ƒ†’”‘„ƒ„Ž›–Š‡’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›–Šƒ–ƒˆˆ‡…–‡†–Š‡‘–Š‡”Š‡”•‡Žˆ…ƒ—•‡†
…‘’Ž‹…ƒ–‹‘•†—”‹‰…Š‹Ž†„‹”–Š–Šƒ–™‡”‡ˆƒ–ƒŽˆ‘”„‘–Š–Š‡•—„Œ‡…–•Ǥ ƒ‘–Š‡”„—”‹ƒŽ–™‘ƒ–—”‡
ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•Žƒ‹†–‘‰‡–Š‡”™‹–Š–™‘…Š‹Ž†”‡„—”‹‡†•‹—Ž–ƒ‡‘—•Ž›™‹–Š–Š‡ƒ†’”‘„ƒ„Ž›ƒˆˆ‡…–‡†
„›ƒ…‘–ƒ‰‹‘—•ƒ†•Š‘”–Ǧ–‡”†‡ƒ†Ž›‹ŽŽ‡••ǤŠ‡–Š‹”††‘—„Ž‡‰”ƒ˜‡™‹–Šƒˆ‡ƒŽ‡ƒ†ƒ…Š‹Ž†
™ƒ•‘–‡‘—‰Š…‘’Ž‡–‡–‘ƒ…Š‹‡˜‡”‡Ž‡˜ƒ–‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘„—–ƒŽ•‘‹–Š‹•…ƒ•‡–Š‡•—„Œ‡…–•Šƒ˜‡
„‡‡ „—”‹‡† –‘‰‡–Š‡”Ǥ Š‡ ‰”ƒ’Š‹… ”‡…‘•–”—…–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ’‘•‹–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ •—„Œ‡…–• ‹ –Š‡ ‰”ƒ˜‡
ƒŽŽ‘™‡†—•–‘”‡…‘”†ƒ†„‡––‡”’”‡•‡––ƒ’Š‘‘‹…ƒŽ†ƒ–ƒ‘ˆ–Š‡•‡„—”‹ƒŽ•Ǥ

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

17

A HISTOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF CALCIFIED SOFT TISSUE
MATERIAL IN SKELETAL REMAINS, PROCEDURES DISTINGUISHING ATHEROSCLEROTIC
PLAQUES AND OSSIFYING COSTAL CARTILAGE
—…‹‡  Ǧ
ǡƒ—‡Žƒǡ”‹•–‹ƒ

Š‡ ‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ …ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡† •‘ˆ– –‹••—‡ ƒ† …ƒ”–‹Žƒ‰‡ ‹ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ Š—ƒ ”‡ƒ‹• ƒ› „‡ ƒ
…ŠƒŽŽ‡‰‹‰–ƒ•ǤƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†‘”‹‡”ƒŽ‹œ‡†’Ž‡—”ƒ‡ǡƒ”–‡”‹‡•ǡ—•…—Žƒ”–‹••—‡ǡ–‘ƒ‡ƒˆ‡™ǡƒ›
‹†‹…ƒ–‡†‹•‡ƒ•‡•‹–‡”‡•–‹‰ˆ‘”–Š‡”‡…‘•–”—…–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡’ƒ•–Ǣ…ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†‘”‹‡”ƒŽ‹œ‡†…ƒ”–‹Žƒ‰‡
ƒ›ƒŽ•‘„‡ˆ”‡“—‡–Ž›ˆ‘—†ƒŽ‘‰•‹†‡•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•ǡ„—–ƒ›„‡†‹ˆˆ‹…—Ž––‘†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒ–‡ˆ”‘
…ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†•‘ˆ––‹••—‡Ǥ‡•‡ƒ”…Š’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”Ž›–Š”‘—‰Š‹…”‘•…‘’›‹•‡‡†‡†–‘‹†‡–‹ˆ›–Š‡‘”‹‰‹‘ˆ
such small “hard” fragments. In light of the paucity of data in literature, we began with
†‘…—‡–‹‰–Š‡‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ†Š‹•–‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ•’‡…–•‘ˆƒ–Š‡”‘•…Ž‡”‘–‹…’Žƒ“—‡•ƒ†‘••‹ˆ›‹‰
…‘•–ƒŽ …ƒ”–‹Žƒ‰‡Ǥ —” •–—†› ‡šƒ‹‡• ͳͷ •ƒ’Ž‡• ‘ˆ ƒ–Š‡”‘•…Ž‡”‘–‹… …ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘• ȋ’Žƒ“—‡•Ȍ ƒ†
‘••‹ˆ‹‡†…‘•–ƒŽ…ƒ”–‹Žƒ‰‡ˆ”‘•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•‘ˆ–Š‡‹Žƒ‘‡‡–‡”›‡Ž‡–ƒŽ‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ǡƒ
‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡†…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘…‘•–‹–—–‡†‘ˆ—…Žƒ‹‡†•‡Ž‡–‘‹œ‡†”‡ƒ‹•Ǥƒ’Ž‡•™‡”‡’”‘…‡••‡†ˆ‘”
Š‹•–‘Ž‘‰›ƒ……‘”†‹‰–‘–™‘’”‘–‘…‘Ž•ȋ…ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†ƒ††‡…ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†ȌǤƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†•ƒ’Ž‡•™‡”‡’”‘…‡••‡†
‹‡”–‡šƒ†Ž‡––‘•‘Ž‹†‹ˆ›ˆ‘”͹ʹŠ‘—”•Ǥ‡…ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†•ƒ’Ž‡•™‡”‡ˆ‹š‡†‹ˆ‘”ƒŽ‹ǡ†‡…ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†‹
‡…ƒŽȋͳͶΨŠ›†”‘…ŠŽ‘”‹…ƒ…‹†Ȍƒ†‡„‡††‡†‹’ƒ”ƒˆˆ‹ƒˆ–‡”†‡Š›†”ƒ–‹‘Ǥ‡…–‹‘•‘ˆͷρ™‡”‡
…—– ƒ† •–ƒ‹‡† ™‹–Š ‡ƒ–‘š›Ž‹ ƒ† ‘•‹Ǥ Š‡ Š‹•–‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ”‡•—Ž–• †‹•’Žƒ›‡† †‹•–‹‰—‹•Š‹‰
ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡• ˆ‘” „‘–Š ’Žƒ“—‡• ƒ† …ƒ”–‹Žƒ‰‡Ǥ Žƒ“—‡• ‡˜‡ ˆ”‘ †”› •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹• •Š‘™‡† ƒ
stratified structure with cholesterol crystals and the clearly identifiable “ghost” elements of
ƒ…”‘’Šƒ‰‡ˆ‘ƒ…‡ŽŽ•Ǥ••‹ˆ‹‡†…ƒ”–‹Žƒ‰‡•Š‘™‡†–Š‡–”ƒ•‹–‹‘’Šƒ•‡•ˆ”‘…ƒ”–‹Žƒ‰‡–‘„‘‡ǡ
ƒ‹Ž› –Š”‘—‰Š –Š‡ ’”esence of new osteons and the “ghosts” of isogenic cell groups. Š‹•
’”‡•‡–ƒ–‹‘’”‘˜‹†‡•Š‹•–‘‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ†‘…—‡–ƒ–‹‘”‡‰ƒ”†‹‰–Š‡…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•–‹…ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡•‘ˆ
ƒ–Š‡”‘•…Ž‡”‘–‹……ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘•ƒ†‘••‹ˆ›‹‰…ƒ”–‹Žƒ‰‡Ǧ˜ƒŽ‹†–‘‘Ž•ˆ‘”–Š‡‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ…ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†
•‘ˆ––‹••—‡•ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†™‹–Š•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•Ǥ
THE CAL MILANO CEMETERY SKELETAL COLLECTION: A MODERN AND DOCUMENTED
ITALIAN IDENTIFIED SKELETAL COLLECTION
—…‹‡  Ǧ
ǡ‹”‘ ǡ‡„‘”ƒ ǡ”‹•–‹ƒ

……‘”†‹‰–‘ –ƒŽ‹ƒŽƒ™ǡ—…Žƒ‹‡†•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•…ƒ„‡‰”ƒ–‡†„›…‡‡–‡”‹‡•–‘—‹˜‡”•‹–‹‡•
ˆ‘”‡†—…ƒ–‹‘ƒ†”‡•‡ƒ”…Š’—”’‘•‡•Ǥƒ‰”‡‡‡–™ƒ•…‘…Ž—†‡†„‡–™‡‡–Š‡ƒ„‘”ƒ–‘”‹‘†‹
–”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹ƒ‡†‘–‘Ž‘‰‹ƒ ‘”‡•‡ȋ Ȍǡ–Š‡…‹–›‘ˆ‹Žƒƒ†–Š”‡‡…‡‡–‡”‹‡•‘ˆ‹Žƒ
ƒ†”‡•—Ž–‡†‹–Š‡ƒ…“—‹•‹–‹‘ƒ†ƒ••‡„Žƒ‰‡‘ˆƒ…‘–‡’‘”ƒ”›•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ǤŠ‡
‹Žƒ‘‡‡–‡”›‡Ž‡–ƒŽ‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘‹•ƒ‡™‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡†…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘…‘•–‹–—–‡†‘ˆʹͳʹ͹•‡Ž‡–‘•
ƒ† Š‘—•‡† ‹ –Š‡  Ǥ Š‹• ‘†‡” …‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ ’‘••‡••‡• –Š‡ ƒ†˜ƒ–ƒ‰‡ ‘ˆ „‡‹‰
†‘…—‡–‡†ǣ‡ƒ…Š•‡Ž‡–‘‹•ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†™‹–Š„‘–Š†‡‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…†ƒ–ƒȋ•‡šǡƒ‰‡ǡ†ƒ–‡•ƒ†’Žƒ…‡•
‘ˆ„‹”–Šƒ††‡ƒ–ŠȌƒ†ƒ†‡ƒ–Š…‡”–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‡ȋ–Š‡•–ƒ–—”‡‹•‘–‹†‹…ƒ–‡†ȌǤ †‡‡†ǡ–Š‡Žƒ™ˆ‘”…‡•–Š‡
…‘’Ž‡–‹‘ ‘ˆ ƒ †‡ƒ–Š …‡”–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‡ ™Š‡ –Š‡ †‡ƒ–Š ‹• ’”‘‘—…‡†Ǥ  …‘ŽŽƒ„‘”ƒ–‹‘ ™‹–Š Š‡ƒŽ–Š
•‡”˜‹…‡•ǡ–Š‡•‡†‡ƒ–Š…‡”–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‡•…ƒ„‡”‡…‘˜‡”‡†ƒ†’”‘˜‹†‡–Š‡…ƒ—•‡‘ˆ†‡ƒ–Šƒ†‹–•”‡Žƒ–‡†
’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ†Ȁ‘”–”ƒ—ƒ–‹……Šƒ‹‘ˆ‡˜‡–•ǤŠ‡…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘‹•‡“—ƒŽŽ›”‡’”‡•‡–ƒ–‹˜‡‘ˆƒŽ‡•
ȋͶ͹ǤͻΨȌƒ†ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•ȋͷͳǤͷΨȌ™‹–Šƒ‰‡•Ǧƒ–Ǧ†‡ƒ–Š”ƒ‰‹‰ˆ”‘Ͳ–‘ͳͲͶ›‡ƒ”•ǤŠ‡›‡ƒ”•‘ˆ„‹”–Š
”ƒ‰‡ˆ”‘ͳͺ͸͸–‘ʹͲͲͲȋ‹…Ž—†‹‰ͳ͸͵͹‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•„‘”„‡ˆ‘”‡ͳͻͶͲȌƒ†–Š‘•‡‘ˆ†‡ƒ–Šˆ”‘
ͳͻͳͲ –‘ ʹͲͲͳǤ „‘—– ͻͲΨ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ™‡”‡ „‘” ‹ ‘„ƒ”†›Ǥ Ž–Š‘—‰Š ͻͳΨ ‘ˆ –Š‡
…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ ‹• …‘’‘•‡† ‘ˆ ƒ†—Ž–•ǡ ͳͺͻ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ƒ”‡ •—„ƒ†—Ž–• ‹…Ž—†‹‰ ͻ͹ ‹ˆƒ–•Ǥ Š‡
ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„Ž‡ǡƒ—–‘’•›”‡’‘”–•ƒ†’‡”•‘ƒŽ’Š‘–‘‰”ƒ’Š•ƒ”‡ƒŽ•‘ƒ††‡†–‘–Š‡†‘…—‡–ƒ–‹‘ǤŠ‡
…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ ’”‡•‡–• –”‡‡†‘—• ’‘–‡–‹ƒŽ ˆ‘” ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘Ǧ•’‡…‹ˆ‹… •–—†‹‡•ǡ –Š‡ –‡•–‹‰ ƒ†
†‡˜‡Ž‘’‡– ‘ˆ ƒ‰‡ ƒ† •‡š ‡•–‹ƒ–‹‘ –‡…Š‹“—‡• ˆ‘” „‘–Š ƒ†—Ž–• ƒ† •—„ƒ†—Ž–•ǡ –Š‡ •–—†› ‘ˆ
–ƒ’Š‘‘›ƒ†–”ƒ—ƒ„—–ƒŽ•‘ˆ‘”„‘‡’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹‡•Ǥ †‡‡†ǡ–Š‡†‡ƒ–Š…‡”–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‡•”‡–”‹‡˜‡†‹
‘—” •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ …‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ ‘ˆˆ‡” ƒ ‹˜ƒŽ—ƒ„Ž‡ –‘‘Ž ˆ‘” –Š‡ —†‡”•–ƒ†‹‰ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ƒ•’‡…– ‘ˆ –Š‡•‡
’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹‡•‘„‘‡•‰‹˜‡–Šƒ–™‡‘™–Šƒ––Š‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‡”‡†‹ƒ‰‘•‡†™‹–Š–Š‡†‹•‡ƒ•‡•

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

18

†—”‹‰Ž‹ˆ‡ǤŠ‹•’”‡•‡–ƒ–‹‘‹ŽŽ—•–”ƒ–‡•–Š”‘—‰Šƒ•‡”‹‡•‘ˆ‡šƒ’Ž‡•–Š‡’‘–‡–‹ƒŽ‘ˆ–Š‹•‘†‡”
…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ˆ‘”–Š‡†‹•…‹’Ž‹‡‘ˆ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›Ǥ


NON-ADULTS BURIALS FROM A BYZANTINE PERIOD CEMETERY IN TROGIR, CROATIA
Michaela BINDER, Paul KLOSTERMANN, Lujana PARAMAN, Marina UGARKOVIĆ, Martin STESKAL 

ʹͲͳͺǡ–Š‡—•–”‹ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ •–‹–—–‡Ȁ—•–”‹ƒ…ƒ†‡›‘ˆ…‹‡…‡•‹…‘‘’‡”ƒ–‹‘™‹–Š
–Š‡—•‡—”‘‰‹”ƒ†–Š‡ •–‹–—–‡‘ˆ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰›‹ƒ‰”‡„…‘‡…‡†‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘•‹–Š‡…‹–›
…‡–”‡‘ˆ”‘‰‹”‘–Š‡…‡–”ƒŽ…‘ƒ•–‘ˆƒŽƒ–‹ƒ™Š‹…ŠŽ‡†–‘–Š‡•—”’”‹•‡†‹•…‘˜‡”›‘ˆˆ‹˜‡‰”ƒ˜‡•
†ƒ–‹‰–‘–Š‡‹††Ž‡›œƒ–‹‡’‡”‹‘†Ǥ˜‹†‡…‡ˆ‘”•‡––Ž‡‡–‹–Š‹•’‡”‹‘†‹–Š‡…‘ƒ•–ƒŽƒ”‡ƒ•
‘ˆ”‘ƒ–‹ƒ‹•›‡–˜‡”›Ž‹‹–‡†ǡ–Š—•Ž‹––Ž‡‹•‘™ƒ„‘—––Š‡Ž‹˜‹‰…‘†‹–‹‘•‹•ƒŽ•‘˜‡”›•…ƒ”…‡Ǥ
Š‡ ‰”ƒ˜‡• †‹•…‘˜‡”‡† ‹ ʹͲͳͺ ƒŽŽ …‘–ƒ‹‡† ™‡ŽŽǦ’”‡•‡”˜‡† •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹• ‘ˆ ‘Ǧƒ†—Ž–
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•‹…Ž—†‹‰‘‡ˆ‡–—•ǡ–Š”‡‡‡‘ƒ–‡•ǡ‘‡‹ˆƒ–„‡–™‡‡͵ƒ†ͷƒ•™‡ŽŽƒ•‘‡Œ—˜‡‹Ž‡
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽǤ‡•’‹–‡–Š‡›‘—‰ƒ‰‡Ǧƒ–Ǧ†‡ƒ–ŠǡƒŽŽ…Š‹Ž†”‡™‡”‡„—”‹‡†‹…ƒ”‡ˆ—ŽŽ›’”‡’ƒ”‡†ǡ•–‘‡Ǧ
Ž‹‡† ‰”ƒ˜‡• …‘•‹•–‡– ™‹–Š …‘–‡’‘”ƒ”› ›œƒ–‹‡ „—”‹ƒŽ ’”ƒ…–‹…‡•Ǥ Š‡ ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
ƒƒŽ›•‹• ‘ˆ –Š‡ „—”‹ƒŽ• ˆ‘…—•‹‰ ‘ ‹†‹…ƒ–‘”• ‘ˆ ’Š›•‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ •–”‡••ǡ ‹ˆ‡…–‹‘—• †‹•‡ƒ•‡•ǡ
ƒŽ—–”‹–‹‘ƒ•™‡ŽŽƒ•†‡–ƒŽ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹‡•’”‡•‡–‡†‹–Š‹•…‘–”‹„—–‹‘ˆ‘”–Š‡ˆ‹”•––‹‡ƒŽŽ‘™•
ˆ‘”‰ƒ‹‹‰ƒ‹•‹‰Š–‹–‘Š‡ƒŽ–Šƒ†Ž‹˜‹‰…‘†‹–‹‘•‹›œƒ–‹‡ƒŽƒ–‹ƒǤ

SPINAL LIGAMENTOUS OSSIFICATIONS IN A YOUNG ADULT OF 13TH CENTURY FROM THE
MEDIEVAL SITE OF ALGHERO LO QUARTER (SASSARI, SARDINIA, ITALY)
ƒ  ǡƒ•“—ƒŽ‡ ǡƒ”…‘ 

ʹͲǦʹͶ›‡ƒ”Ǧ‘Ž†ƒˆ”‘–Š‡‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ•‹–‡‘ˆŽ‰Š‡”‘‘—ƒ”–‡”ȋƒ”†‹‹ƒǡ –ƒŽ›Ȍ’”‡•‡–•™‹–Š
ƒ •–”‘‰ ‘••‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ›‡ŽŽ‘™ Ž‹‰ƒ‡–ǡ ƒ† ƒ ‘••‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ’‘•–‡”‹‘” Ž‘‰‹–—†‹ƒŽ
Ž‹‰ƒ‡–™‹–Š™‡ŽŽǦ†‡ˆ‹‡†ƒ†’”‘‹‡–•’—”•‹–Š‡–Š‘”ƒ…‹…”‡‰‹‘ǣ–Š‡•’—”•’”‘–”—†‡‘—–‘ˆ
–Š‡‡—”ƒŽƒ”…Šƒ†–Š‡›ƒ”‡Ž‘‰͵Ǧ͹ǡ™‹–Šƒ‡˜‹†‡–‹’‹‰‡‡–‹–Š‡‡—”ƒŽ…ƒƒŽǤŠ‡
ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹•–•Šƒ˜‡ˆ‘—†ͻͺ•‡Ž‡–‘•‹–Š‡•‹–‡ǡ†ƒ–ƒ„Ž‡ˆ”‘–Š‡‡†‘ˆͳ͵–Š–‘–Š‡„‡‰‹‹‰
‘ˆ–Š‡ͳ͸–Š…‡–—”›ȋʹʹˆ‡ƒŽ‡•ǡʹͳƒŽ‡•ǡͳͳƒ†—Ž–•ǡƒ†ͶͶ•—„ƒ†—Ž–•Ȍǣ–Š‹•‹•–Š‡‘Ž›•‡Ž‡–‘
™‹–Š–Š‹••’‡…‹ˆ‹…’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ…‘†‹–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡•’‹ƒŽ…‘Ž—ǤŠ‡‘••‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ›‡ŽŽ‘™Ž‹‰ƒ‡–
ȋȌ‹•”‡Žƒ–‹˜‡Ž›”ƒ”‡…Ž‹‹…ƒŽ‡–‹–›–Šƒ–Šƒ˜‡…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•–‹…•‘ˆŽ‡•‹‘•‰‡‡”ƒŽŽ›•‡‡ƒ–Ž‘™‡”
–Š‘”ƒ…‹…ƒ†Ž—„ƒ”Ž‡˜‡Ž•Ǥ‘†ƒ›ǡ–Š‡‹…‹†‡…‡‘ˆ–Š‡•‡Ž‡•‹‘•‹•‘•–ˆ”‡“—‡–‹ƒ•–•‹ƒ
’ƒ–‹‡–•ǢŠ‘™‡˜‡”ǡ–Š‡›ƒŽ•‘Šƒ˜‡„‡‡”‡’‘”–‡†‹’ƒ–‹‡–•‘ˆ‘–Š‡”‡–Š‹…‹–‹‡•ǤŠ‡‘••‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘
‘ˆ’‘•–‡”‹‘”Ž‘‰‹–—†‹ƒŽŽ‹‰ƒ‡–ȋȌ‹•ƒŽ•‘ƒ”‡Žƒ–‹˜‡Ž›”ƒ”‡…Ž‹‹…ƒŽ‡–‹–›ǡ™‹–Šƒ‹…‹†‡…‡
‘ˆʹΨǦͶΨ‹–Š‡ ƒ’ƒ‡•‡’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ƒ†‹•™‡ŽŽ‘™–‘‘……—”‹•‹ƒ’‡‘’Ž‡ǡ™Š‡”‡‹––‡†•
–‘ †‡˜‡Ž‘’ ‹ –Š‡ …‡”˜‹…ƒŽ •’‹‡ ƒ† ™Š‡”‡ ‹– …ƒ—•‡• •’‹ƒŽ …ƒƒŽ •–‡‘•‹•Ǥ Š‡ ‹…‹†‡…‡ ‘ˆ
…‘‡š‹•–‹‰ƒ†Šƒ•„‡‡”‡’‘”–‡†ƒ•͵ͲǦͷͲΨƒ––Š‡–Š‘”ƒ…‹…•’‹‡Ǥ ‡†‹…ƒŽŽ‹–‡”ƒ–—”‡ǡ
•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ †‹•‘”†‡”• ƒ• •’‘†›Ž‘–‹… •’—”• ‹ –Š‡ ‡—”ƒŽ …ƒƒŽǡ ‘••‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ’‘•–‡”‹‘”
Ž‘‰‹–—†‹ƒŽ Ž‹‰ƒ‡–ǡ ‘••‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ligamentum flavum •—”˜‡›‡† ‹ ‘†‡” •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ
’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘• …Ž‹‹…ƒŽŽ›ƒ› „‡ ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡† ™‹–Š•’‹ƒŽ •–‡‘•‹• ƒ†‹ –Š‡ ‘•– ƒ…—–‡ …ƒ•‡• ™‹–Š
‹‡Ž‘’ƒ–Š›Ǥ  ’ƒŽƒ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ Ž‹–‡”ƒ–—”‡ǡ ˜‡”› ˆ‡™ •–—†‹‡• Šƒ˜‡ „‡‡ ’‡”ˆ‘”‡† ‘ –Š‡•‡
•’‡…‹ˆ‹…•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ†‹•‘”†‡”•ǣ•‘‡ƒ—–Š‘”•ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡•’‹ƒŽƒ†‡š–”ƒ•’‹ƒŽ‘••‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘•™‹–Š‡ƒ”Ž›Ǧ
•–ƒ‰‡  …ƒ•‡•Ǣ‘–Š‡”•ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡–Š‡•‡ƒŽ–‡”ƒ–‹‘•™‹–Š’‘–ƒ‡‘—• –”ƒ…”ƒ‹ƒŽ ›’‘–‡•‹‘
ȋ Ȍ•‡…‘†ƒ”›Ǥ


IN SILICO SCREENING METHODS IN DETECTION OF ANCIENT TUBERCULOSIS (aTB)
Paulina BORÓWKA, Łukasz PUŁASKI, Błażej MARCINIAK, Beata BOROWSKAǦSTRUGIŃSKA,
Elżbieta ŻĄDZIŃSKA, Jarosław DZIADEK, Wiesław LORKIEWICZ, Dominik STRAPAGIEL

‡˜‡Ž‘’‡– ‘ˆ ƒ…‹‡– …‹˜‹Ž‹œƒ–‹‘• ƒ† ”ƒ’‹† ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ ‰”‘™–Š …‘–”‹„—–‡† –‘ –Š‡
†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡‡’‹†‡‹…ƒ†’ƒ†‡‹…‹ˆ‡…–‹‘—•†‹•‡ƒ•‡••—…Šƒ•…Š‘Ž‡”ƒǡŽ‡’”‘•›ǡƒŽƒ”‹ƒǡ
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

19

’Žƒ‰—‡ƒ†–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•ǡ™Š‹…Š”‡’‡ƒ–‡†Ž›…Žƒ‹‡†ƒ›Ž‹˜‡•ƒ††‡…‹ƒ–‡†˜‹ŽŽƒ‰‡•ǡ•‡––Ž‡‡–•
ƒ† …‹–‹‡• –Š”‘—‰Š‘—– ƒ…‹‡– ƒ† Š‹•–‘”‹… –‹‡• ‘ˆ —”‘’‡Ǥ ‡„‡”• ‘ˆ Mycobacterium
tuberculosis…‘’Ž‡šȋȌƒ”‡˜‡”›…Ž‘•‡Ž›”‡Žƒ–‡†‰‡‡–‹…ƒŽŽ›ǡƒ†ƒ”‡…ƒ—•ƒ–‹˜‡ƒ‰‡–•‘ˆ‘‡
‘ˆ–Š‡‘Ž†‡•–Š—ƒ‹ˆ‡…–‹‘—•†‹•‡ƒ•‡––—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•ǡ™Š‹…Šƒ”‡…—””‡–Ž›”‡•’‘•‹„Ž‡ˆ‘”‡ƒ”Ž›
ʹ ‹ŽŽ‹‘ †‡ƒ–Š• ƒ—ƒŽŽ›ǡ ƒ† ƒ”‡ •–‹ŽŽ ‹ –Š‡ ‰”‡ƒ–‡•– ‹–‡”‡•– ‘ˆ ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹•–•ǡ
’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹•–•ƒ†‘Ž‡…—Žƒ”„‹‘Ž‘‰‹•–ǡ™Š‹…Š‹•‡˜‹†‡…‡†„›–Š‡”ƒ‰‡‘ˆƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„Ž‡ƒƒŽ›•‹•
‡–Š‘†•Ǥ—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•„‡Ž‘‰•–‘–Š‡‰”‘—’‘ˆ†‹•‡ƒ•‡•™Š‹…Š‹…‘•‡“—‡…‡ƒ›Ž‡ƒ˜‡Ž‡•‹‘•
‘–Š‡„‘‡•–Šƒ–•—‰‰‡•–ƒ†‹ƒ‰‘•‹•„ƒ•‡†‘–Š‡„‘‡‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰›ǡƒ†‘ˆ–‡…‘—Ž†„‡‘„•‡”˜‡†
‘ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ‡Ž‡‡–• „‡Ž‘‰‹‰ –‘ ƒ…‹‡– ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•Ǥ ‘™‡˜‡”ǡ ’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
‡šƒ‹ƒ–‹‘• ‘ˆ –—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹• …‘—Ž† „‡ Ž‹‹–‡† „› –Š‡ ˆƒ…–ǡ ™Š‹…Š ‘Ž› ƒ •ƒŽŽ ’‡”…‡–ƒ‰‡ ‘ˆ
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ‹ˆ‡…–‡† ™‹–Š  •Š‘™ •‹‰• ‘ˆ ǦŽ‹‡ ’ƒ––‡”• ‘ „‘‡• ȋ͵ǦͷΨȌǡ ˆ—”–Š‡”‘”‡ǡ
‘–Š‡” †‹•‡ƒ•‡• …‘—Ž† ’”‡•‡– •‹‹Žƒ”ǡ ‹…‘””‡…–Ž› ‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡† ƒ„‘”ƒŽ‹–‹‡•Ǥ †‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ
–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹• …ƒ—•ƒ–‹˜‡ ƒ‰‡–• ‹ ƒ…‹‡– •ƒ’Ž‡• …‘—Ž† „‡ …‘’Ž‹…ƒ–‡† „› –Š‡ ’”‡•‡…‡ ‘ˆ
‡˜‹”‘‡–ƒŽ Mycobacterium ‡„‡”• ȋ‡Ǥ‰Ǥ Ȍǡ ™Š‹…Š ‹ •‘‡ …ƒ•‡• …‘—Ž† „‡ ‘„Ž‹‰ƒ–‡
’ƒ–Š‘‰‡•…ƒ—•‹‰Š—ƒ’—Ž‘ƒ”›‹ˆ‡…–‹‘•Ǥ ‡”‡ǡ™‡”‡˜‹‡™…‘‘ƒ’’”‘ƒ…Š‡•—•‡†‹
‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•ƒ‰‡–•‹ƒ…‹‡–•ƒ’Ž‡•ƒ†’”‡•‡–ƒ’”‘’‘•‹–‹‘•–”ƒ–‡‰‹‡•ˆ‘”
‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ M. tuberculosis …ƒ—•ƒ–‹˜‡ ƒ‰‡–• ‹ ƒ…‹‡– ƒ…Š‹‡˜‡† ‘Ǧ‡”‹…Š‡† 
 †ƒ–ƒǡ
derived from 30 individuals from a Middle Neolithic population from the Brześć Kujawski Group
‘ˆ–Š‡‡‰›‡Ž…—Ž–—”‡ǡ’”‡•‡–‹—Œƒ™›”‡‰‹‘‹‘”–ŠǦ…‡–”ƒŽ‘Žƒ†„‡–™‡‡…ƒǤͶ͸ͲͲƒ†
ͶͲͲͲǤ
Š‡•–—†›™ƒ•ˆ‹ƒ…‡†„›‘Ž‹•Š‹‹•–”›‘ˆ…‹‡…‡ƒ† ‹‰Š‡”†—…ƒ–‹‘‘Ǥ ȀȀʹͲͳ͹ȀͲͳǣ
”Biobank network in Poland, within the BBMRIǦ  ‡•‡ƒ”…Š ˆ”ƒ•–”—…–—”‡ ‘ˆ ‹‘„ƒ• ƒ†
Biomolecular Resources”.

HYPEROSTOSIS FRONTALIS INTERNA IN THE BRITISH ROYAL NAVY (1750-1815)
‡”‹†™‡

Hyperostosis frontalis interna ȋ Ȍ ‹• ƒ …‘‘ ƒ† ™‡ŽŽǦ”‡…‘‰‹•‡† ‘•–‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ …‘†‹–‹‘ ‹
™Š‹…Š”ƒ‹•‡†ǡŽ‘„—Žƒ–‡†‘—–‰”‘™–Š•‘ˆ„‘‡ƒ”‡’”‡•‡–‘–Š‡‡†‘…”ƒ‹ƒŽ•—”ˆƒ…‡‘ˆ–Š‡ˆ”‘–ƒŽ
„‘‡ǤŽ–Š‘—‰Š–Š‡ƒ‡–‹‘Ž‘‰›‘ˆ–Š‡…‘†‹–‹‘‹•—…Ž‡ƒ”ǡ‹–••–”‘‰ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‹‘™‹–Š‘Ž†‡”ǡ’‘•–Ǧ
‡‘’ƒ—•ƒŽ ˆ‡ƒŽ‡• •—‰‰‡•–• ƒ Š‘”‘ƒŽ …ƒ—•‡ Ǧ ‹ ’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”ǡ ‡š’‘•—”‡ –‘ –Š‡ •‡š Š‘”‘‡
‘‡•–”‘‰‡Ǥ  ‹• ˜‡”› —…Š ”ƒ”‡” ‹ ƒŽ‡• –Šƒ ˆ‡ƒŽ‡• ȋƒ ”ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ ͳǣͳʹ ‹ Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ
ƒ••‡„Žƒ‰‡•Ȍǡƒ†™Š‡”‡‹–†‘‡•‘……—”ǡ‹•ˆ‘—†’”‡†‘‹ƒ–Ž›‹‘Ž†‡”ƒŽ‡•Ǥ ‘†‡”ƒŽ‡•ǡ
Šƒ•„‡‡ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†™‹–Š–‡•–‹…—Žƒ”ƒ–”‘’Š›ǡƒ†™‹–Šƒ†”‘‰‡•—’’”‡••‹‘–”‡ƒ–‡–ˆ‘”
’”‘•–ƒ–‡…ƒ…‡”Ǥ –™ƒ•ƒŽ•‘”‡…‘‰‹•‡†‹–Š‡•‡Ž‡–‘•‘ˆ–™‘’”‡’—„‡•…‡–…ƒ•–”ƒ–‡•Ǧ‘‡„‡‹‰
–Š‡ˆƒ‘—•ͳͺ–Š…‡–—”›…ƒ•–”ƒ–‹ǡ ƒ””‹‡ŽŽ‹ǤŠ‡’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆˆ‘—”…ƒ•‡•‘ˆ ‹ƒƒ••‡„Žƒ‰‡‘ˆ
ͶͷͲ•‡Ž‡–‘•‘ˆ”‹–‹•Š‘›ƒŽƒ˜›•‡ƒ‡ƒ†ƒ”‹‡•ˆ”‘–Š‡ˆ‹”•–„—”‹ƒŽ‰”‘—†‘ˆ–Š‡‘›ƒŽ
‘•’‹–ƒŽŽ›‘—–ŠǡŽ›‘—–Šǡ‡˜‘ǡ‰Žƒ†ȋͳ͹ͷ͸ǦͳͺʹͶȌǡ‹•–Š—•‘–‡™‘”–Š›ǡ’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”Ž›ƒ•
–Š‹•ƒ••‡„Žƒ‰‡‘˜‡”™Š‡Ž‹‰Ž›…‘’”‹•‡†›‘—‰‡”•‡”˜‹…‡‡™Š‘†‹‡†‘ƒ…–‹˜‡•‡”˜‹…‡ȋ‘•–
ƒ‰‡†Ž‡••–ŠƒͶͲ›‡ƒ”•ȌǤš’Žƒƒ–‹‘•ˆ‘”–Š‡——•—ƒŽ’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆ ‹–Š‹•‰”‘—’ƒ”‡—Ž–‹’Ž‡
ƒ†’‘••‹„Ž›ˆƒ…‹ˆ—Žǡ„—–”‡ˆŽ‡…––Š‡‡…Ž‡…–‹…ǡ‹–‡”ƒ–‹‘ƒŽƒ–—”‡‘ˆ–Š‡•‡ƒˆƒ”‹‰…‘—‹–›ǡ–Š‡
’Š›•‹…ƒŽ†ƒ‰‡”•‘ˆ•ƒ‹Ž‹‰ƒˆ‹‰Š–‹‰•Š‹’ǡƒ†‰‡‘’‘Ž‹–‹…ƒŽˆƒ…–‘”•‘ˆ–Š‡†ƒ›Ǥ‡•–‹…—Žƒ”–”ƒ—ƒ
‹…—””‡†™Š‹Ž•–•ƒ‹Ž‹‰ƒ•Š‹’ƒ›ƒ……‘—–ˆ‘”•‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡…ƒ•‡•‘ˆ ȋ…‘–—•‡†–‡•–‹…Ž‡•ƒ†
‰”‘‹• „‡‹‰ ƒ ‘– —…‘‘ …ƒ—•‡ ‘ˆ ƒ†‹••‹‘ ”‡…‘”†‡† ‹ –Š‡ —•–‡” „‘‘• ‘ˆ Ž›‘—–Š
‘•’‹–ƒŽȌǤ‡ƒ–—”‡ƒ†—Ž–ƒŽ‡™‹–Š •Š‘™‡†…”ƒ‹‘‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰›•–”‘‰Ž›•—‰‰‡•–‹˜‡‘ˆ ƒ”
ƒ•–‡”ƒ…‡•–”›ǡ”ƒ‹•‹‰–Š‡’‘••‹„‹Ž‹–›–Šƒ–ƒ‡——…Šˆ”‘ ’‡”‹ƒŽŠ‹ƒŠƒ†ˆ‘—†Š‹•™ƒ›‹–‘
–Š‡Ǥ‡••’”‘„ƒ„Ž‡ǡ›‡–Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽŽ›ƒ––‡•–‡†‹•–Š‡…ƒ’–—”‡ƒ†‡•Žƒ˜‡‡–‘ˆǤǤ•‡ƒ‡„›
ƒ”„ƒ”›’‹”ƒ–‡•ƒ†–Š‡––‘ƒ’‹”‡ǡ„‘–Š‘ˆ™Š‘ƒ”‡‘™–‘Šƒ˜‡’”ƒ…–‹…‡†…ƒ•–”ƒ–‹‘
‘ˆ–Š‡‹”ƒŽ‡•Žƒ˜‡•Ǥ


BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

20

AGE ESTIMATION FROM BONE MINERAL DENSITY: THE INFLUENCE OF OSTEOPOROSIS ON
ESTIMATES
‡‘ƒ ǡ‹‡Ž•ǡƒ”›ƒ

†—Ž–ƒ‰‡‡•–‹ƒ–‹‘‹–Š‡•‡Ž‡–‘”‡ƒ‹•…ŠƒŽŽ‡‰‹‰Ǥ‡…‡–Ž›ǡ„‘‡‹‡”ƒŽ†‡•‹–›ȋȌ
Šƒ•„‡‡’”‘’‘•‡†ƒ•ƒ’‘••‹„Ž‡‡–Š‘†–‘„”‘ƒ†Ž›‡•–‹ƒ–‡ƒ‰‡ǤŠ‡ƒ‹‘ˆ–Š‹••–—†›™ƒ•–‘
ƒ••‡•• –Š‡ —•ƒ„‹Ž‹–› ‘ˆ  –‘ ‡•–‹ƒ–‡ ƒ‰‡ ‹ ‘—–Š ˆ”‹…ƒ ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘Ǥ   –Š‹• •–—†›ǡ –™‘
’—„Ž‹•Š‡†‡–Š‘†•—•‹‰ˆ‘”ƒ‰‡’”‡†‹…–‹‘™‡”‡–‡•–‡†‘ƒ‘†‡”•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ•ƒ’Ž‡‘ˆͷͻ
‘—–Š ˆ”‹…ƒ ™Š‹–‡ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ȋƒŽ‡• αʹͻǡ ƒ‰‡† ͶͲǦͻͳ ›‡ƒ”• ƒ† ˆ‡ƒŽ‡• α͵Ͳǡ ƒ‰‡† ʹͳǦͻͳ
›‡ƒ”•Ȍ™‹–Š‘™ƒ‰‡•ˆ”‘–Š‡”‡–‘”‹ƒ‘‡‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ǤŠ‡ˆ‹”•–‡–Š‘†ǡ
ȋ…‘•–”—…–‡†
ˆ”‘ †ƒ–ƒ ‘ˆ ˆ‡ƒŽ‡ ˆ‡‘”ƒ ˆ”‘ –Š‡ ‘‹„”ƒ †‡–‹ˆ‹‡† ‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘Ȍǡ ‹• ƒ ’”‘‰”ƒ
‹’Ž‡‡–‡†‘Ž‹‡–Šƒ–’”‘˜‹†‡•“—‹…ƒ†‡ƒ•›ƒ‰‡’”‡†‹…–‹‘•ǤŠ‡•‡…‘†‡–Š‘†—–‹Ž‹•‡•ƒ
”‡‰”‡••‹‘‡“—ƒ–‹‘…‘•–”—…–‡†ˆ”‘ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ‡…˜ƒŽ—‡•‘„–ƒ‹‡†ˆ”‘‘†‡”ˆ‘”‡•‹…
•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ ƒ† ™ƒ• ƒ’’Ž‹‡† –‘ „‘–Š •‡š‡•Ǥ  
 ’”‡†‹…–‹‘• —•‹‰ ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ ‡… 
”‡•—Ž–‡†‹ƒƒ˜‡”ƒ‰‡—†‡”‡•–‹ƒ–‹‘‘ˆʹͷ›‡ƒ”•ˆ‘”–Š‡ƒŒ‘”‹–›ȋαͳ͹Ȍ‘ˆ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ǤŠ‡
‡‹‰Š–ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•–Šƒ–™‡”‡•Ž‹‰Š–Ž›‘˜‡”Ǧ‡•–‹ƒ–‡†ȋ™‹–Š‹ƒƒ……‡’–ƒ„Ž‡”ƒ‰‡ȌƒŽŽŠƒ†‘•–‡‘’‘”‘•‹•Ǥ
Š‡”‡‰”‡••‹‘‡–Š‘†–‡†‡†–‘‘˜‡”ƒ‰‡›‘—‰‡”‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ƒ†—†‡”ƒ‰‡‘Ž†‡”‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•Ǥ
”‡†‹…–‡†ƒ‰‡•‘ˆ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‹–Š‘•–‡‘’‡‹ƒȀ‘•–‡‘’‘”‘•‹•™‡”‡ˆ‘—†–‘„‡™‹–Š‹ƒ……‡’–ƒ„Ž‡
”ƒ‰‡•ǡ‡š…‡’–ˆ‘”‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•‹–Š‡‹”‡ƒ”Ž›–™‡–‹‡••Š‘™‹‰”‡†—…‡†˜ƒŽ—‡•ȋ‘•–‡‘’‡‹ƒȌǢ
–Š‡•‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‡”‡•‡˜‡”‡Ž›‘˜‡”ƒ‰‡†ǤŠ‡ƒŒ‘”‹–›‘ˆ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‹–Š‘”ƒŽ˜ƒŽ—‡•
™‡”‡’”‡†‹…–‡†–‘„‡›‘—‰‡”ǤŠ‹••—‰‰‡•–•–Šƒ–‘—–Šˆ”‹…ƒ•ƒ›„‡Ž‡••‘•–‡‘’‘”‘–‹…–Šƒ
–Š‡ ”‡ˆ‡”‡…‡ •ƒ’Ž‡Ǥ – ‹• ’‘••‹„Ž‡ –Šƒ– ƒ •ƒŽŽ •ƒ’Ž‡ •‹œ‡ ƒ› Šƒ˜‡ •‡™‡† –Š‡ ”‡•—Ž–•Ǥ
‘™‡˜‡”ǡ —•‹‰  ƒ• ƒ ’”‡†‹…–‘” ‘ˆ ƒ‰‡ •Š‘—Ž† „‡ ƒ†ƒ’–‡† –‘ †‹ˆˆ‡”‡– …‘–‡’‘”ƒ”›
’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•„‡ˆ‘”‡„‡‹‰ƒ’’Ž‹‡†Ǥ

NEW INSIGHTS ON NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES AT THE CIVITAS CAPITAL OF AVENTICUM
IN ROMAN SWITZERLAND (1ST-3RD C. AD)
Š”›••‹

Š‡ ƒ‹ ‘ˆ –Š‹• ’ƒ’‡” ‹• –‘ ƒ••‡•• –Š‡ ’‘–‡–‹ƒŽ ‹’ƒ…– ‘ˆ ‡˜‹”‘‡–ƒŽ …‘•–”ƒ‹–• ‘ –Š‡
’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡‘ˆ—–”‹–‹‘ƒŽ†‡ˆ‹…‹‡…‹‡•‹ƒŠ—ƒ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘‘ˆͳ͸ͻ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ȋ͹͸ƒ†—Ž–•
ƒ†ͻ͵‘Ǧƒ†—Ž–•Ȍˆ”‘AventicumȀ˜‡…Š‡•ǡ–Š‡…‹˜‹–ƒ•…ƒ’‹–ƒŽ‘ˆ–Š‡–‡””‹–‘”›‘ˆ–Š‡ ‡Ž˜‡–‹‹
†—”‹‰–Š‡‘ƒ’‡”‹‘†ȋͳ•–Ǧ͵”†…ǤȌǤAventicum™ƒ••–”ƒ–‡‰‹…ƒŽŽ›’‘•‹–‹‘‡†‹„‡–™‡‡–Š‡
–Š”‡‡ Žƒ‡• ‘ˆ ‘”ƒ–ǡ ‡—…ŠŸ–‡Ž ƒ† ‹‡‡ǡ ƒ Ž‘…ƒ–‹‘ ™Š‹…Š …‘–”‹„—–‡† –‘ –Š‡ —”„ƒ
†‡˜‡Ž‘’‡– ƒ† ‰‡‡”ƒŽ ’”‘•’‡”‹–› ‘ˆ –Š‡ …‹–›ǡ „—– ™ƒ• ƒŽ•‘ ’‘••‹„Ž› •—„Œ‡…– –‘ ƒŒ‘”
‡˜‹”‘‡–ƒŽ‡˜‡–••—…Šƒ•”‡…—””‹‰ˆŽ‘‘†•Ǥ ‹˜‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ƒ‰‡†ƒ”‘—†„‹”–Š–‘‘‡‘–Š
‡šŠ‹„‹–‡† ƒ —„‡” ‘ˆ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ Ž‡•‹‘• •—‰‰‡•–‹˜‡ ‘ˆ ƒ •›•–‡‹… ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ …‘†‹–‹‘ǡ ƒ† ‹
•’‡…‹ˆ‹… ˜‹–ƒ‹  †‡ˆ‹…‹‡…› ȋ•…—”˜›ȌǤ Ž–Š‘—‰Š …ƒ—–‹‘ ‹• ‡‡†‡† ™Š‡ ‹–‡”’”‡–‹‰ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ
ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡• ‹ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• –Š‹• ›‘—‰ǡ ‹– ‹• ƒ”‰—‡† –Šƒ– –Š‡•‡ Ž‡•‹‘• ƒ› ”‡’”‡•‡– ƒ–‡”ƒŽ
–”ƒ•‹••‹‘ ‘ˆ ˜‹–ƒ‹  †‡ˆ‹…‹‡…›Ǥ  ƒ††‹–‹‘ǡ –Š”‡‡ ƒ†—Ž– ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ™‡”‡ †‹ƒ‰‘•‡† ƒ•
•—ˆˆ‡”‹‰ ˆ”‘ ˜‹–ƒ‹  †‡ˆ‹…‹‡…› ƒŽ”‡ƒ†› •‹…‡ …Š‹Ž†Š‘‘† ƒ• ˜‡”‹ˆ‹‡† Š‹•–‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽŽ› „› –Š‡
’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆ‹–‡”‰Ž‘„—Žƒ”†‡–‹ȋ
Ȍǡƒˆ‡ƒ–—”‡…—””‡–Ž›ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†™‹–Š–Š‡…‘†‹–‹‘ǤŠ‡•‡
†ƒ–ƒ‘ˆˆ‡”‡™‹•‹‰Š–•‘—–”‹–‹‘ƒŽ•–”‡••‡š’‡”‹‡…‡†’”‹ƒ”‹Ž›„›ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•ƒ†…Š‹Ž†”‡‹–Š‹•
’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ǡƒ††‹‰…‘•‹†‡”ƒ„Ž›–‘–Š‡†‹•…—••‹‘‘Ž‹˜‹‰…‘†‹–‹‘•‹–Š‡—”„ƒ…‡–‡”•ƒ––Š‡
’‡”‹’Š‡”›‘ˆ–Š‡‘ƒ’‹”‡Ǥ






BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

21

OSTEOLYTIC METAPHYSEAL LESIONS AND A CALCIFIED CYST IN A PRE-FARMING (67006200 BP) SKELETAL ASSEMBLAGE FROM NORTHERN VIETNAM: POSSIBLE HYDATIDS
DISEASE
ƒŽŽ‹‡—–Šǡ‘‹…ƒǡƒ”… ǡ ‹‡’ ‘ƒ‰  ǡƒ–‡ǡƒ
  

Š‹•’ƒ’‡”’”‡•‡–•ƒ†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒŽ†‹ƒ‰‘•‹•‘ˆ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽŽ‡•‹‘•‘„•‡”˜‡†‹ƒ•ƒ’Ž‡
ˆ”‘–Š‡’”‡Ǧ‡‘Ž‹–Š‹…ȋ͸͹ͲͲǦ͸ʹͲͲȌ…‡‡–‡”›‘ˆ‘‘‰—ƒǡ‘”–Š‡”‹‡–ƒǤŠ‹••‹–‡‹•
associated with the Da But culture who were sedentary ‘complex’ hunterǦ‰ƒ–Š‡”‡”•–Šƒ–Ž‹˜‡†‹
Žƒ”‰‡‘’‡ƒ‹”•‡––Ž‡‡–•ƒ†‹•˜‡”›•‹‹Žƒ”–‘–Š‡’”‡Ǧˆƒ”‹‰‹‰•‹•Šƒ…—Ž–—”‡‘ˆ•‘—–Š‡”
Š‹ƒǤ Š‡‹” †‹‡– ™ƒ• „ƒ•‡† ‘ „”‘ƒ†Ǧ•’‡…–”— ‡š’Ž‘‹–ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ ™‹Ž† ’Žƒ–• ƒ† ƒ‹ƒŽ•ǡ ™‹–Š
’‘••‹„Ž‡ƒƒ‰‡‡–‘ˆ™‹Ž†Š‡”†•‘ˆŽƒ”‰‡—‰—Žƒ–‡•‹…Ž—†‹‰™ƒ–‡”„—ˆˆƒŽ‘Ǥ—”‹‰–Š‹•’‡”‹‘†
”‹…‡ ƒ‰”‹…—Ž–—”‡ ȋ™‹–Š †‘‡•–‹…ƒ–‡† ƒ‹ƒŽ•Ȍ ™ƒ• „‡…‘‹‰ ‹…”‡ƒ•‹‰Ž› ”‡Ž‹‡† —’‘ ‹ Š‹ƒǤ
•–‡‘Ž›–‹…Ž‡•‹‘•‘ˆ–Š‡‡–ƒ’Š›•‡•‘ˆ–Š‡ƒ’’‡†‹…—Žƒ”„‘‡•ǡ’”‹ƒ”‹Ž›‘ˆ–Š‡—’’‡”Ž‹„ǡ™‡”‡
‘„•‡”˜‡† ‹ ʹʹǤʹΨ ȋαʹʹȀͻͻȌ ‘ˆ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•Ǥ ƒ…”‘•…‘’‹…ƒŽŽ› ƒ› ‘ˆ –Š‡ Ž‡•‹‘• Šƒ† •ƒŽŽ
‡š–‡”ƒŽ‘’‡‹‰•™‹–Š”‡‘†‡ŽŽ‡†ƒ”‰‹•„—–”ƒ†‹‘‰”ƒ’Š›”‡˜‡ƒŽ‡†ƒƒ””‘™…ƒƒŽ‘ˆ‘•–‡‘Ž›•‹•
™‹–Š•…Ž‡”‘–‹…™ƒŽŽ•–”ƒ…‹‰–‘–Š‡‡–ƒ’Š›•‹•ƒ†Ž‘…—Žƒ–‡††‡•–”—…–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‹•”‡‰‹‘Ǥ •‘‡
…ƒ•‡• ‘ ‡š–‡”ƒŽ Ž‡•‹‘ ™ƒ• ‘„•‡”˜‡† ƒ† –Š‡ ‡–ƒ’Š›•‡ƒŽ …Šƒ‰‡• ™‡”‡ ‘Ž› ”‡˜‡ƒŽ‡† ™‹–Š
”ƒ†‹‘‰”ƒ’Š›Ǥ ‘‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ™‹–Š‘•–‡‘Ž›–‹…Ž‡•‹‘•ƒ‡ŽŽ‹’•‘‹†•Šƒ’‡†…ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†…›•–™ƒ•ƒŽ•‘
ˆ‘—†Ǥ ‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒŽ †‹ƒ‰‘•‹• ‘ˆ –Š‡ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ Ž‡•‹‘• ‹…Ž—†‡• …ƒ”…‹‘ƒǡ –—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•ǡ ƒ
Šƒ‡‘‰Ž‘„‹‘’ƒ–Š›ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†‘•–‡‘›‡Ž‹–‹•ǡƒ†Echinococcus granulosusȋ…›•–‹…EchinococcusȌǤ
ƒ•‡†‘–Š‡–›’‡ƒ†’ƒ––‡”‘ˆ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽŽ‡•‹‘•ǡƒ†–Š‡’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆ–Š‡…ƒŽ…‹ˆ‹‡†…›•–ǡƒ’‘••‹„Ž‡
…ƒ—•‡ ‹• Echinococcus granulosus ‘” Š›†ƒ–‹†• †‹•‡ƒ•‡Ǥ Š‡ ‹’Ž‹…ƒ–‹‘• ‘ˆ –Š‡ ’”‡•‡…‡ ‘ˆ –Š‹•
†‹•‡ƒ•‡™Š‹…Š‹•—•—ƒŽŽ›ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†™‹–Š’ƒ•–‘”ƒŽ‹•‹ƒ’”‡Ǧˆƒ”‹‰’”‡Š‹•–‘”‹…•‹ƒ…‘–‡š–‹•
†‹•…—••‡†Ǥ


THE FRUIT OF THE LOOM. PALEOPATHOLOGICAL RESULTS ABOUT ACTIVITIES RELATED
TO SPINNING AND WEAVING IN ROMAN TIME
ŽŽ‡•ƒ†”‘ ǡ‹–ƒ  ǡ‡…‹Ž‹ƒ 

‡š–‹Ž‡’”‘†—…–‹‘‹‘ƒ–‹‡•™ƒ•ƒ‡…‘‘‹…ƒ…–‹˜‹–›‘ˆ’ƒ”ƒ‘—–‹’‘”–ƒ…‡‹ƒ›
”‡‰‹‘•Ǥ Š‡ ƒ…‹‡– ‡‡–‹ƒ ȋ‘”–ŠǦƒ•–‡” –ƒŽ›Ȍǡ ‹ ’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”ǡ ™ƒ• ‘‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ „‡•– …Ž‘–Š
•—’’Ž‹‡”•‹–Š‡‡’‹”‡Ǥ ”‘–Š‡Žƒ–‡‡’—„Ž‹…ƒƒ‰‡‘™ƒ”†•ǡ–Š‡Žƒ”‰‡•…ƒŽ‡‘ˆ’”‘†—…–‹‘™ƒ•
‡•—”‡† „› ™‘”•Š‘’• ™Š‡”‡ „‘–Š ƒŽ‡ ƒ† ˆ‡ƒŽ‡ ™‘”‡”• ™‡”‡ ‡’Ž‘›‡†Ǥ ”‘ –Š‡ ˆ‹”•–
–”‡ƒ–‡–‘ˆ”ƒ™ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ•–‘–Š‡ƒ—ˆƒ…–—”‹‰‘ˆˆ‹‹•Š‡†…Ž‘–Š•ǡ‡ƒ…Š•–‡’‘ˆ–Š‡’”‘†—…–‹‘
…Šƒ‹™ƒ•…ƒ””‹‡†‘—–ƒ—ƒŽŽ›ǡ™‹–Šƒ‰”‡ƒ–‡š’‡†‹–—”‡‘ˆ–‹‡Ǥ‘•–—”‡ǡ‰‡•–—”‡ƒ†™‘”‹‰
…‘†‹–‹‘•ǡ ‹…Ž—†‹‰ ƒ‹” “—ƒŽ‹–›ǡ ™‡”‡ …‘’ƒ”ƒ„Ž‡ –‘ –Š‘•‡ •–‹ŽŽ ‡š‹•–‹‰ ‹ •‘‡ ’ƒ”–• ‘ˆ –Š‡
‘†‡”™‘”Ž†ǡƒ†…ƒ•‡”‹‘—•Ž›‹’ƒ…–Š‡ƒŽ–ŠǤ”‘Ž‘‰‡†ƒ†•–”‡—‘—•’Š›•‹…ƒŽƒ…–‹˜‹–‹‡•…ƒ
…ƒ—•‡ ‘†‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘• ”‡…‘‰‹œƒ„Ž‡ ‘ „‘‡•ǡ ‘™ ƒ• —•…—Ž‘•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ •–”‡•• ƒ”‡”• ‘”
‡–Š‡•‡ƒŽ …Šƒ‰‡•Ǥ  ƒ††‹–‹‘ǡ –Š‡ ’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡ ‘ˆ ‹Œ—”‹‡• •‡…‘†ƒ”› –‘ „‹‘‡…Šƒ‹…ƒŽ •–”‡••
”‡•—Ž–‹‰‹–”ƒ—ƒȀ†‡‰‡‡”ƒ–‹˜‡†‹•‡ƒ•‡•‘ˆ–Š‡˜‡”–‡„”ƒŽ…‘Ž—‹•ƒ—•‡ˆ—Ž–‘‘Ž–‘”‡…‘•–”—…–
™‘”‹‰ ƒ…–‹˜‹–‹‡• ‹ –Š‡ ’ƒ•–Ǥ ‡’‡ƒ–‡† ‹ŠƒŽƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ †—•– …‘–ƒ‹‹‰ –‡š–‹Ž‡ ˆ‹„”‡• ƒ– –Š‡
™‘”’Žƒ…‡ǡ Œ‘‹‡† ™‹–Š ’‘‘” Š›‰‹‡‡ ƒ† •…ƒ”…‡ ˜‡–‹Žƒ–‹‘ǡ ‡š’‘•‡• –Š‡ ™‘”‡”• –‘ •‡˜‡”‡
‹’ƒ‹”‡–‘ˆ”‡•’‹”ƒ–‘”›„”‡ƒ–Š‹‰ǤŠ‡”‡•—Ž–‹‰’—Ž‘ƒ”›†‹•‡ƒ•‡…ƒ„‡”‡…‘‰‹œ‡†‹–Š‡
•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•ǡ’”‘˜‹†‹‰ˆ—”–Š‡”‹†‹…ƒ–‹‘•ƒ„‘—––Š‡Š‡ƒŽ–Š…‘†‹–‹‘•‘ˆ™‘”‡”•‹˜‘Ž˜‡†‹
–‡š–‹Ž‡ƒ—ˆƒ…–—”‹‰Ǥ‹…”‘•…‘’‹…’ƒ”–‹…Ž‡•‘ˆ†—•–‰‡‡”ƒ–‡†„›•—…Šƒ…–‹˜‹–›…ƒƒ……‹†‡–ƒŽŽ›
„‡…‘‡‡–‘„‡†‹–ƒ”–ƒ”ȋ‹‡”ƒŽ‹•‡††‡–ƒŽ’Žƒ“—‡ȌǤŠ‡ƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ•—…Š’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ–‡ƒ––‡”
…ƒ ƒŽ•‘ ’”‘˜‹†‡ ‹’‘”–ƒ– ‡˜‹†‡…‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ “—ƒŽ‹–› ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‡˜‹”‘‡– ƒ• ™‡ŽŽ ƒ• ’‘–‡–‹ƒŽŽ›
support the ‘identification’ of textile workers in the archaeological record, where populations are
ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„Ž‡ˆ‘”ƒƒŽ›•‹•Ǥ›…‘„‹‹‰’ƒŽƒ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ‡˜‹†‡…‡™‹–Š’”‡Ž‹‹ƒ”›”‡•—Ž–•‘ˆ–Š‡
ƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ–ƒ”–ƒ”ǡ–Š‹•’ƒ’‡”’”‘’‘•‡•ƒ‘˜‡Ž‹–‡‰”ƒ–‡†„‹‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ’’”‘ƒ…Š–‘–Š‡•–—†›
‘ˆ–‡š–‹Ž‡ƒ—ˆƒ…–—”‹‰‹‘ƒ‘”–ŠǦƒ•–‡” –ƒŽ›ƒ†‹–•‹’ƒ…–‘Š‡ƒŽ–ŠǤ

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

22

THREE BRONZE AGE TREPANATIONS FROM CROATIA
Mario CARIĆ, Dinko TRESIĆ PAVIČIĆ, Ilija MIKIĆ, Ivor JANKOVIĆ, Mislav ČAVKA, Mario NOVAK

”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘‹•’”‘„ƒ„Ž›‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡‘•–‹–‡”‡•–‹‰‹–‡–‹‘ƒŽ‹–‡”˜‡–‹‘•‘„•‡”˜‡†‘Š—ƒ
•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹•Ǥ ƒ•‡• ‘ˆ –”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘ ƒ”‡ †‘…—‡–‡† ‹ –Š‡ ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ”‡…‘”† •‹…‡
‡‘Ž‹–Š‹… –‹‡• ƒ† ˆ”‘ ƒŽŽ ƒ”‘—† –Š‡ ™‘”Ž†Ǥ ‡”‡ ™‡ ’”‡•‡– ’‘••‹„Ž‡ …ƒ•‡• ‘ˆ –”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘
”‡…‘”†‡†‘…”ƒ‹ƒˆ”‘–Š”‡‡”‘œ‡‰‡ȋȌ•‹–‡•‹”‘ƒ–‹ƒǤ‡’‡”ˆ‘”‡†ƒ…‘’”‡Š‡•‹˜‡
ƒ…”‘•…‘’‹…ƒƒŽ›•‹•ƒ•™‡ŽŽƒ•”ƒ†‹‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…‹ƒ‰‹‰ȋǦ”ƒ›ƒ†•…ƒ‹‰Ȍ‘ˆ–Š‡•—ŽŽ•ǤŠ‡
ˆ‹”•–…ƒ•‡‹•–Šƒ–‘ˆƒƒ†—Ž–ƒŽ‡ˆ”‘–Š‡‡–‹ƒ•‹–‡†ƒ–‡†–‘–Š‡ƒ”Ž›…—Ž–—”‡ǤŠ‡•‡…‘†
…ƒ•‡‹•ˆ‘—†‘ƒŒ—˜‡‹Ž‡ˆ”‘–Š‡ ƒ‰‘†Œƒ•‹–‡ǡƒ„‹”‹–—ƒŽ‡…”‘’‘Ž‹•†ƒ–‡†–‘–Š‡–”ƒ•‹–‹‘
„‡–™‡‡–Š‡ƒ”Ž›ƒ†–Š‡‹††Ž‡ƒ†–‘–Š‡‹††Ž‡…”—•–‡†‘––‡”›…—Ž–—”‡ǤŠ‡–Š‹”†
–”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘‹•‘„•‡”˜‡†‘ƒƒ†—Ž–female from Bezdanjača Cave, dated to the Middle and the
–”ƒ•‹–‹‘–‘–Š‡ƒ–‡ǤŽŽ–Š”‡‡…ƒ•‡•‡šŠ‹„‹–—‡”‘—••‹‹Žƒ”‹–‹‡•ǣȋ‹ȌƒŽŽƒ”‡Ž‘…ƒ–‡†‘–Š‡
”‹‰Š–•‹†‡‘ˆ–Š‡ˆ”‘–ƒŽ„‘‡Ǣȋ‹‹ȌƒŽŽ–Š”‡‡ƒ”‡‘˜ƒŽ‘””‘—†Ǧ•Šƒ’‡†™‹–Šƒƒ’’”‘š‹ƒ–‡†‹ƒ‡–‡”
‘ˆͳͲǢȋ‹‹‹Ȍ‹ƒŽŽ…ƒ•‡•ƒŽŽ–Š”‡‡Žƒ›‡”•‘ˆcalvarium™‡”‡„”‡ƒ…Š‡†ƒ†–Š‡‡†‰‡•ƒ”‘—†–Š‡
‘’‡‹‰•ƒ”‡•‘‘–Šǡ”‡‘†‡Ž‡†ƒ†‘ˆ—‹ˆ‘”–Š‹…‡••Ǥ—”ƒƒŽ›•‹••—‰‰‡•––Šƒ–‹ƒŽŽ–Š”‡‡
…ƒ•‡•–Š‡’”‘…‡†—”‡™ƒ•‘•–Ž‹‡Ž›…‘†—…–‡†„›•…”ƒ’‹‰–‡…Š‹“—‡Ǥ
INTRABONE STABLE ISOTOPE VARIATION IN SKELETONS WITH PATHOLOGICAL LESIONS
ƒ ǡ ƒ–”‹…  ǡ ‡Ǧ ”ƒ…‡ ǡ ”‹•–‹ƒ Ǧ ǡ ‡”‡•ƒ
ǡ
‡”ƒŽ†‹‡  

ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹‡• …ƒ •‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ–Ž› …Šƒ‰‡ ‹•‘–‘’‹… …‘’‘•‹–‹‘• ‘ˆ Š—ƒ –‹••—‡• ƒ† †‹•‡ƒ•‡• –Šƒ–
ƒˆˆ‡…––Š‡‡–ƒ„‘Ž‹•ƒ›ƒˆˆ‡…–•–ƒ„Ž‡‹•‘–‘’‡”ƒ–‹‘•ƒ†‘–‡…‡••ƒ”‹Ž›„‡Ž‹‡†–‘†‹‡–ǤŠ‹Ž‡
‹•‘–‘’‹… †ƒ–ƒ Šƒ˜‡ „‡‡ …‘’ƒ”‡† „‡–™‡‡ „‘‡ •‹–‡• ™‹–Š ˆ”ƒ…–—”‡ –”ƒ—ƒ•ǡ ’‡”‹‘•–‹–‹• ƒ†
‘•–‡‘‹‡Ž›–‹•ǡ ƒ† ™‹–Š‘—– •—…Š Ž‡•‹‘•ǡ •–ƒ„Ž‡ ‹•‘–‘’‡ ”ƒ–‹‘• Šƒ˜‡ ‘– ›‡– „‡‡ ‡˜ƒŽ—ƒ–‡† ‘
lesions with different healing stages (active and healed). Carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) data
ˆ”‘ ͵ͳ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ȋͳͳ–Š–ͳ͹–Š …‡–—”‹‡•ǡ ‘”–—‰ƒŽȌ ™‹–Š •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ Ž‡•‹‘• …‘’ƒ–‹„Ž‡ ™‹–Š
‹ˆ‡…–‹‘—•†‹•‡ƒ•‡•ƒ†Ȁ‘”Š‡ƒŽ‡†ˆ”ƒ…–—”‡•™‡”‡ƒƒŽ›•‡†Ǥƒ’Ž‡•™‡”‡…‘ŽŽ‡…–‡†ˆ”‘–Š‡•ƒ‡
„‘‡ ȋ‹–”ƒ„‘‡Ȍǣ …‘”–‹…ƒŽ „‘‡ ȋ‘Ǧlesion) to estimate the individuals’ average diet and
’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ„‘‡‰”‘™–ŠȋŽ‡•‹‘•Ȍ–‘‡•–‹ƒ–‡†‹‡–ƒ†Ȁ‘”‡–ƒ„‘Ž‹•†—”‹‰–Š‡†‹•‡ƒ•‡Ǥ‡•‹‘
•ƒ’Ž‡•‹…Ž—†‡†ǣƒ…–‹˜‡Ž‡•‹‘•ȋŽ‘‰„‘‡•αͳͶǢ”‹„•αͶȌǡŠ‡ƒŽ‡†Ž‡•‹‘•ȋŽ‘‰„‘‡•αͳͲǢ
”‹„•αͻȌƒ†ˆ”ƒ…–—”‡…ƒŽŽ—•ȋŽ‘‰„‘‡•αͻǢ”‹„•α͵ȌǤ Ž‘‰„‘‡•–Š‡…‘””‡Žƒ–‹‘„‡–™‡‡
‘Ǧlesion and lesion sites is statistically significant for δ15N in active lesions (0.78, p<0.00) and
δ13C in healed lesions (0.79, p<0.01). Bone segments with active lesions (δ15N=11.1±0.9‰) had
higher δ15N than those without lesions (δ15N=10.7±0.7‰); a statistically significant increase of
0.4‰, t(13)=ǦʹǤͷͺǡ’αͲǤͲʹǤ ”‹„•–Š‡…‘””‡Žƒ–‹‘„‡–™‡‡‘ǦŽ‡•‹‘ƒ†Ž‡•‹‘‹••–ƒ–‹•–‹…ƒŽŽ›
significant for δ13C in healed lesions (0.91, p0.05). The increase in δ15N seen in long bones with
ƒ…–ive lesions, when compared with δ15N from nonǦŽ‡•‹‘•‹–‡•ǡƒ”‡…‘’ƒ–‹„Ž‡™‹–Š†ƒ–ƒˆ”‘
patients suffering from starvation. The δ15N decrease in long bones with healed lesions is
…‘’ƒ–‹„Ž‡ ™‹–Š †ƒ–ƒ ˆ”‘ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ”‡…‘˜‡”‹‰ ˆ”‘ •–ƒ”˜ƒ–‹‘Ǥ Š‹• •–—†› •—‰‰‡•–• –Šƒ–
isotopic data can help better understand diseases in the past, as well as the individuals’ response
–‘†‹•‡ƒ•‡•‹–Š‡ƒ„•‡…‡‘ˆ‘†‡”‡†‹…‹‡Ǥ


SKELETAL DEVELOPMENTAL ANOMALIES ACROSS THE GENEALOGICALLY DOCUMENTED
SAMPLE (BOHEMIA, 19TH TO 20TH CENTURIES)
Jan CVRČEKǡ Vítězslav KUŽELKA, Ondřej NAŇKA, Sylva KAUPOVÁ, Jaroslav BRŮŽEK, Petr
Az

ƒ‹Ž‹ƒŽ ‘……—””‡…‡ ‘ˆ •‘‡ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ †‡˜‡Ž‘’‡–ƒŽ ƒ‘ƒŽ‹‡• ™ƒ• ‘„•‡”˜‡† ƒŽ”‡ƒ†› ‹ –Š‡
•‡…‘†ŠƒŽˆ‘ˆ–Š‡ͳͻ–Š…‡–—”›Ǥ –Š‡ˆ‹”•–ŠƒŽˆ‘ˆ–Š‡ʹͲ–Š…‡–—”›ǡ‹–™ƒ••—‰‰‡•–‡†–Š‡‹”’‘–‡–‹ƒŽ
—•‡ ˆ‘” –Š‡ †‡–‡…–‹‘ ‘ˆ „‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ”‡Žƒ–‹˜‡• ‹ –Š‡ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹•Ǥ Š‡ ”‡•‡ƒ”…Šǡ Š‘™‡˜‡”ǡ ‹•
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

23

…‘†‹–‹‘‡†„›–Š‡‡š‹•–‡…‡‘ˆ”‡ˆ‡”‡…‡•ƒ’Ž‡•™‹–Š‘™‰‡‡ƒŽ‘‰‹…ƒŽ†ƒ–ƒǡ„—––Š‡•‡ƒ”‡
˜‡”›”ƒ”‡‘ƒ‰Ž‘„ƒŽ•…ƒŽ‡Ǥ‡Šƒ†–Š‡‘’’‘”–—‹–›–‘•–—†›•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•‘ˆͶͷ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•
™‹–Š ƒŽŽ ‘™ „‹‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…ƒŽ †ƒ–ƒǡ ‡„‡”• ‘ˆ ‘‡ ˆƒ‹Ž› ‘˜‡” ˆ‘—” ‰‡‡”ƒ–‹‘• ȋͳͻ–Š –‘ ʹͲ–Š
…‡–—”‹‡•ǡ ‘Š‡‹ƒǡ œ‡…Š ‡’—„Ž‹…Ȍǡ ‹…Ž—†‹‰ ‹„”‡† ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•Ǥ Š‡”‡ ƒ”‡ ‹…”‡ƒ•‡†
ˆ”‡“—‡…‹‡•‘ˆ‡Ǥ‰Ǥ…‘‰‡‹–ƒŽ„Ž‘…•‘ˆ…‡”˜‹…ƒŽ˜‡”–‡„”ƒ‡ǡ˜‡”–‡„”ƒŽ„‘”†‡”••Š‹ˆ–ȋ™‹–Š…‡”˜‹…ƒŽ
”‹„•ǡ Ž—„ƒ” ”‹„•ǡ ‘” ”‹„• Š›’‘’Žƒ•‹ƒȌǡ †‡ˆ‡…–• ‘ˆ •ƒ…”ƒŽ ‡—”ƒŽ ƒ”…Š‡•ǡ ‘” Šƒƒ–‡ Šƒ—Ž—•
Š›’‘’Žƒ•‹ƒ ƒ† ƒ’Žƒ•‹ƒ „‡–™‡‡ „‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ”‡Žƒ–‹˜‡• ȋ‡Ǥ‰Ǥ ˆ‹”•– …‘—•‹•ǡ ˆƒ–Š‡”Ǧ•‘ ‘” †ƒ—‰Š–‡”ǡ
—…Ž‡Ǧ‡’Š‡™ȌǤ‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡‡˜‡‘……—”‹—Ž–‹’Ž‡‰‡‡”ƒ–‹‘•Ǥ‡ƒŽ•‘”‡…‘”†‡†‹…‹†‡…‡‘ˆ
˜‡”›——•—ƒŽ†‡ˆ‡…–•ǡ‡Ǥ‰Ǥ‡š’”‡••‹˜‡‹…‘’Ž‡–‡ƒ…‡–ƒ„—Žƒ”•›‘•–‘•‹•ȋ™‹–Š–”ƒ…‡‡š’”‡••‹‘‹
ƒ‘–Š‡”–™‘‰‡‡”ƒ–‹‘•Ȍǡ‘”ƒ’Žƒ•‹ƒ‘ˆ•—’‡”‹‘”…‘”—‘ˆ–Š›”‘‹†…ƒ”–‹Žƒ‰‡Ǥ ƒ††‹–‹‘ǡ™‡ˆ‘—†
•‡˜‡”ƒŽ…ƒ•‡•‘ˆ—Ž–‹’Ž‡‘•–‡‘ƒ‘–Š‡•—ŽŽ‘”‡‘•–‡‘ƒ„‡–™‡‡…Ž‘•‡”‡Žƒ–‹˜‡•ȋ‡Ǥ‰Ǥ‘–Š‡”
ƒ†Š‡”ˆ‹”•–…‘—•‹™‹–Š–Š‡‹”•‘•ƒ†ƒ‘–Š‡”†‡•…‡†ƒ–•ȌǤŠ‡‘……—””‡…‡‘ˆ•‘‡ƒ‘ƒŽ‹‡•
•—’’‘”–•–Š‡…Ž‘•‡„‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ‹•Š‹’‘ˆ–Š‡•–—†‹‡†‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•Ǥ

”ƒ–•’‘•‘”•Š‹’ǣ
”ƒ–‰‡…›‘ˆŠƒ”Ž‡•‹˜‡”•‹–›ȋ
”ƒ–—„‡”ǣ
ͳʹ͹͸ʹͳ͹ȌǢ‹‹•–”›
‘ˆ—Ž–—”‡‘ˆ–Š‡œ‡…Š‡’—„Ž‹…ȋʹͲͳͺȀͳͺǡƒ–‹‘ƒŽ—•‡—ǡͲͲͲʹ͵ʹ͹ʹȌǢŠ‡ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ
‰‡…›ˆ‘”–Š‡‰”‹…—Ž–—”ƒŽ‡•‡ƒ”…Š‰”ƒ– ͳͷͳͲͳͶͳǤ
MICROBIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF A CHILD MUMMY FROM ZAGREB CATHEDRAL
Mislav ČAVKA, Andrea JANEŠ, Katarina DUJMOVIĆ, Jasenka ŠKRLIN 

–”‘†—…–‹‘ǣ ƒŽ‡‘”ƒ†‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ƒƒŽ›•‹• ‘ˆ ƒ Š”‹•–‹ƒ —‹ˆ‹‡† …Š‹Ž† ”‡Ž‹…ǡ ‡’– ‹ ƒ‰”‡„
Cathedral, was planned in University Hospital “Dubrava”. As XǦ”ƒ›—‹–ǡƒ† •…ƒ‡”ƒ”‡
—•‡†‹…Ž‹‹…ƒŽ•‡––‹‰•ǡ‹…”‘„‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹•™ƒ•‡…‡••ƒ”›’”‹‘”–‘•…ƒ•‹Š‘•’‹–ƒŽǤ
‡–Š‘†• ƒ† ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ•ǣ ™ƒ„• ™‡”‡ –ƒ‡ ˆ”‘ –Š‡ •—ŽŽǡ ‘”„‹–ƒŽ …ƒ˜‹–›ǡ –‡‡–Šǡ ‡ƒ”ǡ ‡…ǡ ƒ”ǡ
–Š‘”ƒ…‹…ƒ†’‡Ž˜‹……ƒ˜‹–›ƒ†ˆ”‘–Š‡•—””‘—†‹‰ˆƒ„”‹…ǤŠ‡•–ƒ†ƒ”†‹…”‘„‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹•
ȋ…—Ž–‹˜ƒ–‹‘ǡ‹•‘Žƒ–‹‘ƒ†‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘Ȍ™ƒ•†‘‡ƒ–‡’ƒ”–‡–ˆ‘”Ž‹‹…ƒŽ‹…”‘„‹‘Ž‘‰›ƒ†
‘•’‹–ƒŽ ˆ‡…–‹‘• ƒ– –Š‡ ‹˜‡”•‹–› ‘•’‹–ƒŽ —„”ƒ˜ƒǤ ƒ’Ž‡• ™‡”‡ ‹‘…—Žƒ–‡† ‘ †‹ˆˆ‡”‡–
—–”‹‡–‡†‹ƒǢŽ‘‘†ƒ‰ƒ”„ƒ•‡••—’’Ž‡‡–‡†™‹–Šͷ–ͳͲΨ•Š‡‡’„Ž‘‘†Ǣƒ…Ǧ‘‡›ƒ‰ƒ”Ǣ”ƒ‹
‡ƒ”– ˆ—•‹‘‰ƒ”™‹–Š˜‹–ƒ‹ƒ†Š‡‹ˆ‘”–Š‡‡”‹…Š‡–‘ˆƒƒ‡”‘„‡•ƒ†ƒ„‘—”ƒ—†
‰Ž—…‘•‡ƒ‰ƒ”™‹–Š…ŠŽ‘”ƒ’Š‡‹…‘Žˆ‘”ˆ—‰ƒŽ‹•‘Žƒ–‹‘Ǥ
‡•—Ž–•ƒ†…‘…Ž—•‹‘ǣƒ…–‡”‹ƒŽ‘”‰ƒ‹••ˆ‘—†„‡Ž‘‰–‘–Š‡ƒ…‹ŽŽ—•‰‡‡”ƒȋ™‡‡š…Ž—†‡†Ǥ
ƒ–Š”ƒ…‹•Ȍ™Š‹…ŠƒŽŽƒ”‡•ƒ’”‘’Š›–‹…ƒ†–Š‡”‡ˆ‘”‡ƒŽŽ”ƒ†‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹•™‡”‡’‘••‹„Ž‡–‘„‡
…ƒ””‹‡†‘‹Š‘•’‹–ƒŽ•‡––‹‰•ǤŠ‡•‡”‡•—Ž–•…‘””‡•’‘†–‘‘—”‘–Š‡”‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‹‘•‘ƒ…‹‡–
—‹ˆ‹‡†•ƒ’Ž‡•ǡ™Š‹…ŠƒŽ™ƒ›•Šƒ˜‡–‘„‡…Š‡…‡†ˆ‘”’ƒ–Š‘‰‡‹…’‘–‡–‹ƒŽƒ•–Š‡›…‘—Ž†„‡
†ƒ‰‡”‘—•ˆ‘”‡†‹…ƒŽ•–ƒˆˆŽƒ–‡”‘ˆ‘”Š‘•’‹–ƒŽ’ƒ–‹‡–•Ǥ

PALEORADIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF A CHILD MUMMY FROM ZAGREB CATHEDRAL
Mislav ČAVKA, Mladen TOMORAD, Ivana ŠTIMAC, Ivor JANKOVIĆ, Mario NOVAK, Frank RÜHLI,
ƒ–”‹…


Ž–Š‘—‰Š –Š‡ •…‹‡–‹ˆ‹… ‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ —‹‡• ‹• ƒ ‡•–ƒ„Ž‹•Š‡† ˆ‹‡Ž† ‘ˆ ”‡•‡ƒ”…Šǡ
’ƒŽ‡‘”ƒ†‹‘Ž‘‰› ‹• •–‹ŽŽ ”ƒ”‡Ž› —•‡† ˆ‘” –Š‡ ƒƒŽ›•‹• ‘ˆ —‹ˆ‹‡† Š”‹•–‹ƒ ”‡Ž‹…• ˆ‘” ˜ƒ”‹‘—•
”‡ƒ•‘•Ǥ  –Š‹• •–—†› ™‡ ’”‡•‡– –Š‡ ”‡•—Ž–• ‘ˆ –Š‡ ”ƒ†‹‘‰”ƒ’Š‹… ƒƒŽ›•‹• ‘ˆ ƒ …Š‹Ž†Ǧ—›
Š‘—•‡†‹–Š‡ƒ–Š‡†”ƒŽ‘ˆƒ‰”‡„ǡ™Š‹…Š‹•”‡˜‡”‡†ƒ•ƒ‹‘…‡–…Š‹Ž†ˆ”‘–Š‡„‹„Ž‹…ƒŽƒ••ƒ…”‡
‘ˆ ‡”‘†Ǥ ……‘”†‹‰ –‘ –Š‡ Ž‡‰‡†ǡ –Š‡ …Š‹Ž†Ǧ—› ‘ˆ ƒ „‘› ™ƒ• „”‘—‰Š– –‘ ƒ‰”‡„ „› –Š‡
”‘ƒ–‹ƒǦ —‰ƒ”‹ƒ‹‰†”‡™ ƒˆ–‡”Š‹•…ƒ’ƒ‹‰‹–Š‡ ‘Ž›ƒ††—”‹‰–Š‡ͷ–Š…”—•ƒ†‡ǡ
ƒˆ–‡”ͳʹͳͺǡ„—–‹–‹•‘Ž›‡–‹‘‡†‹”‡…‘”†•ˆ”‘–Š‡‡†‘ˆͳͶ–Š…‡–—”›‘™ƒ”†•ǤŠ‡—›
was scanned at the University Hospital “Dubrava”, Zagreb, Croatia. Digital planar radiographs of
–Š‡„‘†›ȋ‹–™‘’ƒ”–•Ȍ™‡”‡†‘‡‹–™‘’”‘Œ‡…–‹‘•ȋƒ†’‡‡†ƒ’Š‹”‡ǡŠ‹ƒ†œ——”‘’ƒ
„ ǡ
Duisburg, Germany). CT slices were obtained using 64x0.6 collimation with “dual energy”
•…ƒ‹‰ ’ƒ”ƒ‡–‡”•Ǣ ͺͲ  ƒ† ͳͶͲ  ”‡•’‡…–‹˜‡Ž› ȋ‘ƒ–‘ Ϊǡ ‹‡‡• ‡ƒŽ–Š…ƒ”‡ǡ
”Žƒ‰‡ǡ
‡”ƒ›ȌǤ Š”‡‡Ǧ†‹‡•‹‘ƒŽ ȋ͵Ȍǡ •’‘‹Ž‡† ‰”ƒ†‹‡– ‡…Š‘ „ƒ•‡†  ‹ƒ‰‡• ™‡”‡
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

24

ƒ…“—‹”‡† ‘ ƒ ͳǤͷǦ •…ƒ‡” ȋƒ‰‡–‘ ˜ƒ–‘ǡ ‹‡‡• ‡ƒŽ–Š…ƒ”‡ǡ ”Žƒ‰‡ǡ
‡”ƒ›Ȍ
‡’Ž‘›‹‰ ƒ—ˆƒ…–—”‡”’s head and spine array coils ContrastǦ†‡–‡”‹‹‰ ’ƒ”ƒ‡–‡”• ‡…Š‘
–‹‡ǡ”‡’‡–‹–‹‘–‹‡ƒ†ˆŽ‹’ƒ‰Ž‡‘ˆͲǤͲ͹•ǡͳͷ•ƒ†͸Ͳ陇”‡…Š‘•‡ǡ”‡•’‡…–‹˜‡Ž›Ǥ͸ͲͲͲͲ
”ƒ†‹ƒŽ’”‘Œ‡…–‹‘•™‡”‡—•‡†–‘”‡…‘•–”—…–ʹͷ͸•Ž‹…‡•‘ˆͳǤ͵šͳǤ͵šͳǤ͵͵‹•‘–”‘’‹…”‡•‘Ž—–‹‘Ǥ
‹†‹‰•‹†‹…ƒ–‡ƒ”–‹ˆ‹…‹ƒŽ—‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘‹…Ž—†‹‰‡˜‹•…‡”ƒ–‹‘ǤŽƒ”‰‡†‡ˆ‡…–‘ˆ–Š‡ƒ„†‘‹ƒŽ
™ƒŽŽ‹…Ž—†‹‰–Š‡‰‡‹–ƒŽ”‡‰‹‘†‘‡•‘–ƒŽŽ‘™•‡š†‡–‡”‹ƒ–‹‘Ǥ‡Ž‡–ƒŽƒ–—”‹–›ȋƒ••—‹‰ƒ
„‘›Ȍǡ „ƒ•‡† ‘ –Š‡ ƒ‡”ǦŠ‹–‡Š‘—•‡ ‡–Š‘†ǡ ‹†‹…ƒ–‡• ͷ ›‡ƒ”• ȋΪǦ ͲǤͺ ›‡ƒ”•ȌǤ ‘’Ž‡–‡
†‡…‹†—‘—• †‡–‹–‹‘ ™‹–Š …‘’Ž‡–‡† ”‘‘–• …ƒ „‡ ‘„•‡”˜‡† ȋ•‘‡ –‡‡–Š ’”‘„ƒ„Ž› Ž‘•– ’‘•–
‘”–‡Ȍǡ™Š‹…Š‹†‹…ƒ–‡•ƒ‹‹ƒŽƒ‰‡‘ˆ͵›‡ƒ”•Š‡…”‘™•‘ˆ–Š‡ˆ‘ŽŽ‘™‹‰’‡”ƒ‡––‡‡–Š
ƒ”‡ƒŽ”‡ƒ†›‹‡”ƒŽ‹œ‡†‹†‹…ƒ–‹‰ͷǦ͸›‡ƒ”•‘ˆƒ‰‡Ǥ……‹’‹–‘Ǧƒ–Žƒ–ƒŽ†‹•Ž‘…ƒ–‹‘™‹–Šˆ”ƒ…–—”‡•‘ˆ
–Š‡ ͳ•– ƒ† ʹ† …‡”˜‹…ƒŽ ˜‡”–‡„”ƒ‡ ™‹–Š‘—– ƒ› •‹‰• ‘ˆ ƒŒ‘” …‡”˜‹…ƒŽ †‹•Ž‘…ƒ–‹‘ ™‡”‡
‹–‡”’”‡–‡†ƒ•’‘•–‘”–‡ƒŽ–‡”ƒ–‹‘•Ǥ


INSIGHTS FROM MOLECULAR EVIDENCE OF MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE FROM 15TH
CENTURY NORMANDY, FRANCE
‡Ž‡Ǥ
ǡƒ—”‡ǡƒ”
ǡ ‘´Ž ǡ‡…‹Ž‡Šƒ’‡Žƒ‹
2 Ǧ 

‡’”‘•› ™ƒ• ™‹†‡•’”‡ƒ† ‹ ‡†‹ƒ‡˜ƒŽ —”‘’‡ „—– ‘Ž‡…—Žƒ” ‡˜‹†‡…‡ ‹†‹…ƒ–‡• ‰‡‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…ƒŽ
†‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡• ‹ –Š‡ Mycobacterium leprae ‰‡‘–›’‡• ˆ‘—† ƒ– †‹ˆˆ‡”‡– –‹‡• ƒ† Ž‘…ƒ–‹‘•Ǥ M.
leprae ”‡“—‹”‡• ƒ Ž‹˜‹‰ Š‘•–ǡ ƒ† †‹ˆˆ‡”‡– Š—ƒ ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘• ƒ”‡ ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡† ™‹–Š †‹ˆˆ‡”‡–
Ž‹‡ƒ‰‡•Ǥƒ–ƒƒ”‡ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„Ž‡ˆ”‘–Š‡ƒ†…ƒ†‹ƒ˜‹ƒǡ‡–”ƒŽǡ‘—–Š‡”ƒ†ƒ•–‡”—”‘’‡ǡ
„—– Ž‹––Ž‡ ‹• ‘™ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‘Ž‡…—Žƒ” …Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•–‹…• ‘ˆ Ž‡’”‘•› ˆ”‘ ‘”–Š‡” ”ƒ…‡Ǥ Š‡
’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›‘ˆŽ‡’”‘•›‹•†‹•–‹…–‹˜‡ǡ•‘‡ƒ„Ž‡•”‡…‘‰‹–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡†‹•‡ƒ•‡‹‡•–ƒ„Ž‹•Š‡†…ƒ•‡•Ǥ
Š‡”‡ˆ‘”‡ǡ ƒ•ƒŽ •…”ƒ’‹‰•ǡ ƒ† •ƒ’Ž‡• ˆ”‘ ”‹„•ǡ ˆ‡—”• ƒ† –‘‡•ǡ ™‡”‡ –ƒ‡ ˆ”‘ ͳͷ
individuals with typical paleopathology at the leprosarium of Saint Thomas d’Aizier (1350ǦͳͶͷͲ
ȌǤ ˆ–‡” ‰”‹†‹‰ –‘ ƒ ’‘™†‡”ǡ •ƒ’Ž‡• ™‡”‡ †‡‹‡”ƒŽ‹•‡† ‹ Ȁ”‘–‡‹ƒ•‡  ƒ– ͷ͸‘ǡ
‹š‡†‘ƒ„‡ƒ†„‡ƒ–‡”–Š‡•’Ž‹–‹–‘ʹƒŽ‹“—‘–•Ǥ‡™ƒ•–”‡ƒ–‡†™‹–ŠͲǤͳ–‘„”‡ƒƒ›
…‘˜ƒŽ‡– …”‘••ǦŽ‹• –Š‡ „‘–Š ƒŽ‹“—‘–• ™‡”‡ ‹…—„ƒ–‡† ‹ Ž›•‹• „—ˆˆ‡” …‘–ƒ‹‹‰ ‰—ƒ‹†‹—
–Š‹‘…›ƒƒ–‡Ǥ™ƒ•…ƒ’–—”‡†„›•‹Ž‹…ƒ‘”’”‡…‹’‹–ƒ–‡†ˆ”‘–Š‡•‹Ž‹…ƒ•—’‡”ƒ–ƒ–•Ǥ‡ƒŽǦ–‹‡
 ™ƒ• —•‡†ǡ ™‹–Š ’”‹‡”• ƒ† ’”‘„‡• ˆ‘” –Š‡ M. leprae ”‡’‡–‹–‹˜‡ •‡“—‡…‡•  ȋ͵͹
…‘’‹‡•Ȁ…‡ŽŽȌƒ†‡’‡’ȋͳͷ…‘’‹‡•Ȁ…‡ŽŽȌǤŽ‡˜‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‡”‡•–”‘‰Ž›’‘•‹–‹˜‡ˆ‘”M. leprae
ǡ –™‘ ™‡”‡ ™‡ƒŽ› ’‘•‹–‹˜‡ ƒ† –™‘ ™‡”‡ ‡‰ƒ–‹˜‡Ǥ Š‡ •–”‘‰‡” ’‘•‹–‹˜‡ •ƒ’Ž‡• ™‡”‡
‰‡‘–›’‡†ǤŽ‹‡M. lepraeƒ…‹‡–ˆ”‘…‡–”ƒŽƒ†•‘—–Š‡”—”‘’‡ǡ–Š‡•‡‘”ƒ•–”ƒ‹•
™‡”‡‘ˆ‰‡‘–›’‡͵ Ǥ ‘™‡˜‡”ǡ‹–™‘‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ƒ˜ƒ”‹ƒ–M. leprae͵ Ǧͳ–›’‡™ƒ•ƒŽ•‘ˆ‘—†–Šƒ–
Šƒ•‘Ž›‘…‡„‡‡”‡’‘”–‡†’”‡˜‹‘—•Ž›ǡˆ”‘ͺͲͲǦͻͲͲ›‡ƒ”•‡ƒ”Ž‹‡”ǤŠ‹•™ƒ•‹ƒ•‡Ž‡–‘ˆ”‘

”‡ƒ– Š‡•–‡”ˆ‹‡Ž†ǡ ƒ•– ‰Ž‹ƒǡ ǡ †ƒ–‡† –‘ ͸ͲͲ Ǥ Š‹• ˜ƒ”‹ƒ– ƒ’’‡ƒ”• –‘ „‡ ‹–‡”‡†‹ƒ–‡
„‡–™‡‡•—„Ǧ–›’‡ʹ ƒ†͵ Ǥ

DENTAL DISEASE IN ABORIGINAL SOCIETIES FROM THE DULCE RIVER BASIN IN
NORTHWESTERN ARGENTINA
‹Ž–‘ǡ—•ƒƒAǡŽ‹ƒ ǡ
—‹ŽŽ‡”‘

Š‡ƒƒ–‘‹…ƒŽƒ†’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ–Š‡‘”ƒŽ…ƒ˜‹–›‹–Š‡•‡Ž‡–‘…ƒ’”‘˜‹†‡”‡Ž‡˜ƒ–
‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘ƒ„‘—–‰‡‡”ƒŽŠ‡ƒŽ–Šǡ†‹‡–ƒ†—–”‹–‹‘ƒŽ•–ƒ–—•‘ˆ’ƒ•–’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•Ǥ ˜ƒŽ—ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ
†‡–ƒŽ …‘†‹–‹‘• ‹ ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽŽ› †‡”‹˜‡† •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ •‡”‹‡• ƒŽ•‘ ƒŽŽ‘™• ‹ˆ‡””‹‰ ƒ‹
•—„•‹•–‡…‡’ƒ––‡”•‘ˆ–Š‡ƒ…‹‡–’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•ˆ”‘™Š‹…Š–Š‡›ƒ”‡†‡”‹˜‡†ǤŠ‡‘„Œ‡…–‹˜‡‘ˆ–Š‹•
’”‡•‡–ƒ–‹‘‹•–‘‡˜ƒŽ—ƒ–‡†‡–ƒŽ†‹•‡ƒ•‡•ƒ†–Š‡‹”ˆ”‡“—‡…‹‡•‹ƒ„‘”‹‰‹ƒŽ•‘…‹‡–‹‡•ˆ”‘–Š‡
‹††Ž‡—Ž…‡”‹˜‡”„ƒ•‹‹‘”–Š™‡•–‡””‰‡–‹ƒǤŠ‡Š—ƒ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ•ƒ’Ž‡‡˜ƒŽ—ƒ–‡†‹–Š‹•
•–—†› …‘’”‹•‡• ͷ͸ •‡Ž‡–‘• –Šƒ– ™‡”‡ ‡šŠ—‡† ˆ”‘ –Š‡ ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ •‹–‡• ‘ˆ ‡Ž–”žǡ
‘…ƒ–‘ƒ ƒ†Š‡‡ŒǦƒ ‡Ž‹šǡ …‘””‡•’‘†‹‰ –‘ –Š‡ …—Ž–—”ƒŽ…‘’Ž‡š ƒ‡† —…Š‹–—›‘ŒǤ Š‡
…Š”‘‘Ž‘‰› ‘ˆ –Š‹• ƒ…‹‡– •‘…‹‡–› •’ƒ• „‡–™‡‡ ͳͳ–Š …‡–—”› ƒ† –Š‡ –‹‡ ‘ˆ …‘–ƒ…– ƒ† ‹–
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

25

‘……—’‹‡†‘•–‘ˆ–Š‡ƒ”‡ƒ‹–Š‡’”‘˜‹…‡‘ˆƒ–‹ƒ‰‘†‡Ž•–‡”‘ǡ‡š’ƒ†‹‰–‘ƒ†Œƒ…‡–”‡‰‹‘•‘ˆ
—…—ž ƒ† ƒ–ƒƒ”…ƒǤ ŽŽ •‡Ž‡–‘• ™‹–Š ƒŽ˜‡‘Žƒ” ƒ”…ƒ†‡• ƒ† –‡‡–Š ’”‡•‡– ™‡”‡
ƒ…”‘•…‘’‹…ƒŽŽ› ‡šƒ‹‡† ˆ‘” ƒ–‡‘”–‡ –‘‘–Š Ž‘••ǡ …ƒ”‹‘‰‡‹… ’”‘…‡••‡•ǡ ƒ† Š›’‘’Žƒ•–‹…
†‡ˆ‡…–• ‘ –Š‡ †‡–ƒŽ ‡ƒ‡Ž •—”ˆƒ…‡Ǥ Š‡ ”‡•—Ž–• ‹†‹…ƒ–‡ –Šƒ– –Š‡ Ž‘™ ’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡ ‘ˆ …ƒ”‹‡•
…‘‹…‹†‡•™‹–Š–Š‡ˆ”‡“—‡…›”ƒ‰‡ˆ‘”’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•™‹–Š‹š‡†ˆ‘”•‘ˆ•—„•‹•–‡…‡•–”ƒ–‡‰‹‡•ǡ‹
™Š‹…Š–Š‡†‹‡–†‹†‘–†‡’‡†‡š…Ž—•‹˜‡Ž›‘ƒ‰”‹…—Ž–—”‡Ǥ–Š‡‘–Š‡”Šƒ†ǡ–Š‡’‡”…‡–ƒ‰‡‘ˆ
†‡ˆ‡…–• ‘ –Š‡ †‡–ƒŽ ‡ƒ‡Ž •—”ˆƒ…‡ ‘ˆ –‡‡–Š †‡‘–‡ ”‡Žƒ–‹˜‡Ž› Ž‘™ ˆ”‡“—‡…‹‡• ‘ˆ †‡–ƒŽ
Š›’‘’Žƒ•‹ƒǡ™Š‹…Š†‹ˆˆ‡”ƒ”‡†Ž›™‹–Š–Š‡’”‘’‘”–‹‘•‘„•‡”˜‡†‹…—””‡–’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•™‹–ŠŽ‘™
ˆ‘‘† ”‡•‘—”…‡•ǡ ƒ• ‹ –Š‡ …ƒ•‡ ‘ˆ •‘‡ …‘—‹–‹‡• ƒˆˆ‡…–‡† „› …‘†‹–‹‘• ‘ˆ †”‘—‰Š–ǡ •‘…‹ƒŽ
…‘ˆŽ‹…–• ƒ† ™‹†‡•’”‡ƒ† ˆƒ‹‡ǡ ‘” ‹ ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘• ™‹–Š ƒ „ƒ•‹…ƒŽŽ› ƒ‰”‹…—Ž–—”ƒŽ
‡…‘‘›ǡ™‹–ŠŽ‘™’”‘–‡‹‹–ƒ‡‘ˆƒ‹ƒŽ‘”‹‰‹ǤŠ‡•‡ˆ‹†‹‰•ƒ›•—‰‰‡•–’‡”†—”ƒ„‹Ž‹–›‘˜‡”
–‹‡‘ˆ‹š‡†•—„•‹•–‡…‡•–”ƒ–‡‰‹‡•‹–Š‡—•‡‘ˆ”‡•‘—”…‡•ǡ™Š‹…Š™ƒ•ƒ†‡“—ƒ–‡–‘–Š‡‡…‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
’‘–‡–‹ƒŽ‘ˆ–Š‡•—””‘—†‹‰‡˜‹”‘‡–‹–Š‡”‰‡–‹‡‘”–Š™‡•–Ǥ

THE CASE OF HIP DYSPLASIA OF THE ADULT FROM THE LATE ANTIQUITY SITE OF VELEBIT
(SERBIA)
Ksenija ĐUKIĆ, Tamara PAVLOVIĆ, Petar MILENKOVIĆ, Đurđa BRACANOVIĆ, Marija ĐURIĆ

”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ•‹–‡‡Ž‡„‹–‹•Ž‘…ƒ–‡†‡ƒ”–Š‡…‹–›‘ˆƒŒ‹œƒȋ‘”–Š‡”„‹ƒȌǤŠ‡‡…”‘’‘Ž‹•‘ˆ
‡Ž‡„‹–‹•†ƒ–‡†„‡–™‡‡͵”†ƒ†Ͷ–Š…‡–—”›ǡƒ––”‹„—–‡†–‘–Š‡ƒ”ƒ–‹ƒ•Ǥ‘‰‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡†
‰”ƒ˜‡•ǡ‰”ƒ˜‡‘ʹͶ†‹ˆˆ‡”•ˆ”‘‘–Š‡”•‹——•—ƒŽ’‘•‹–‹‘‘ˆ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•‹•‹–—ǤŠ‡•‡Ž‡–‘
‹ •‹–— ™ƒ• ‹ ‡š–‡†‡† •—’‹‡ ’‘•‹–‹‘Ǣ Š‘™‡˜‡”ǡ –Š‡ ’‘•‹–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ Ž‘™‡” ‡š–”‡‹–‹‡• ™ƒ•
——•—ƒŽǤ‘–ŠŽ‡‰•™‡”‡„‡–‹–Š‡œ‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡‡‡•ǡ–Š‡”‹‰Š–Ž‡‰™ƒ•„‡–‘”‡–ŠƒŽ‡ˆ–ƒ†
Ž‡ƒ‹‰‘˜‡”–Š‡Ž‡ˆ–Ǥ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‡•”‡˜‡ƒŽ‡†–Šƒ––Š‡ƒŽ‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ„—”‹‡†‹–Š‹•
‰”ƒ˜‡™ƒ•ͶͲ–‘ͷͷ›‡ƒ”•‘ˆƒ‰‡ƒ––Š‡‘‡–‘ˆ†‡ƒ–ŠǤ—”‹‰–Š‡ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‡•™‡
‘–‡† –™‘ †‡ˆ‘”‹–‹‡• ‘ˆ –Š‡ ’‡Ž˜‹… „‘‡•ǡ ‡ƒ…Š ‘ –Š‡ ‘—–‡” •—”ˆƒ…‡ Ž‘…ƒ–‡† ’‘•–‡”‹‘”Ž› ƒ†
•—’‡”‹‘”Ž›‘ˆƒ…‡–ƒ„—Žƒ”ƒ”‡ƒǤŠ‡‘„•‡”˜‡†Ž‡•‹‘•™‡”‡…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•‡†ƒ•–›’‡͵‘ˆ†‡˜‡Ž‘’‡–ƒŽ
†›•’Žƒ•‹ƒ ‘ˆ –Š‡ Š‹’Ǥ Š‡ •–ƒ–‡† –›’‡ ‘ˆ †‡˜‡Ž‘’‡–ƒŽ Š‹’ †›•’Žƒ•‹ƒ ‹• ‹ ƒ……‘”†ƒ…‡ ™‹–Š
•…Š‡ƒ–‹… †‹ƒ‰”ƒ ‘ˆŠ‹’ †›•’Žƒ•‹ƒ ’ƒ––‡”•’”‘˜‹†‡† ‹ ‡•‹…ǤŠ‡ †‹•‡ƒ•‡ ‹• ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡† ™‹–Š
•—„Ž—šƒ–‹‘ƒ†Š‹‰Š†‹•Ž‘…ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡†‡˜‡Ž‘’‹‰Š‹’‹–Š‡’‡”‹‘†‘ˆ‰‡•–ƒ–‹‘Ǥ ˆ—–”‡ƒ–‡†ǡ–Š‡
†‹•‡ƒ•‡ ‹• ’”‘‰”‡••‹˜‡ǡ Ž‡ƒ†‹‰ –‘ ƒ„‘”ƒŽ †‡˜‡Ž‘’‡– ‘ˆ ˆƒŽ•‡ ƒ…‡–ƒ„—Ž—Ǥ —”–Š‡”ǡ –Š‹•
…‘†‹–‹‘ …ƒ—•‡ †‡Žƒ›‡† ‘••‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ Š‡ƒ†ǡ ’”‡•‡…‡ ‘ˆ coxa valga ƒ† ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ
ƒ–‡˜‡”•‹‘ƒ•™‡ŽŽƒ•‡ƒ”Ž›‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹•ǤŽ•‘ǡ•Šƒ”’Ž‡•‹‘™ƒ•‘„•‡”˜‡†‹–Š‡”‹‰Š–Ǧ’‘•–‡”‹‘”
”‡‰‹‘‘ˆ•“—ƒƒ‘ˆ–Š‡‘……‹’‹–ƒŽ„‘‡ǤŠ‡ˆ‹†‹‰™ƒ•†‡•…”‹„‡†ƒ•Ž‹‡ƒ”ˆ”ƒ…–—”‡™‹–Š†‹ƒ•–ƒ–‹…ǡ
•Šƒ”’ƒ”‰‹•ˆ‘ŽŽ‘™‡†‹ˆ‡”‹‘”Ž›„›–ƒ‰‡–‹ƒŽ†‡ˆ‡…–‹‘—–‡”Žƒ‹ƒ’‘••‹„Ž‡”‡’‡”…—••‹‘‘ˆ
Ž‘‘•‡ˆ”ƒ‰‡–Ǥ—”ˆƒ…‡‘ˆ–Š‡•—ŽŽ”‡˜‡ƒŽ‡††‹‹‹•Š‡†•‹‰•‘ˆŠ‡ƒŽ‹‰™Šƒ–™ƒ•‹ˆƒ˜‘—”‘ˆ
’‡”‹‘”–ƒŽ–”ƒ—ƒ†‡Ž‹˜‡”‡†„›•‘‡•Šƒ”’ǡŽ‘‰™‡ƒ’‘ǤŠ‡ƒ‹‘ˆ–Š‹••–—†›‹•–‘†‹•…—••–Š‡
differential diagnosis of hip dysplasia, development of disease during this person’s life, and also
–‘ƒƒŽ›•‡’‘••‹„Ž‡…‹”…—•–ƒ…‡•‹™Š‹…Š–Š‡’‡”‹‘”–‡•—ŽŽ–”ƒ—ƒ‘……—””‡†Ǥ

EVIDENCE OF VIOLENCE IN BURNED HUMAN REMAINS OF THE 3RD CENTURY AD FOUND IN
THE ROMAN VILLA OF ELS MUNTS (TARRAGONA, SPAIN)
†”‡ƒ Ǧ ǡ ‘•‡’–‘ǡƒ”‹ƒ—ŽŽ‹ƒ 

Š‡•‹–‡‘ˆŽ•—–•‹•ƒ‡š…‡’–‹‘ƒŽ”‡•‹†‡–‹ƒŽ˜‹ŽŽƒŽ‘…ƒ–‡†‹Ž–ƒˆ—ŽŽƒȋƒ””ƒ‰‘°•Ȍǡƒ„‘—–ͳʹ
ƒ™ƒ›ˆ”‘–Š‡ƒ…‹‡–…‹–›‘ˆƒ””ƒ…‘ǡƒ–ƒŽ‘‹ƒǡ’ƒ‹ǤŠ‡‘”‹‰‹‘ˆ–Š‡˜‹ŽŽƒ†ƒ–‡•ˆ”‘–Š‡
„‡‰‹‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡ˆ‹”•–…‡–—”›Ǥ‡˜‡”ƒŽ’Šƒ•‡•‘ˆ”‡•–”—…–—”‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡„—‹Ž†‹‰‘……—””‡†„‡ˆ‘”‡
‹–™ƒ•ƒ„ƒ†‘‡†‹–Š‡͵”†…‡–—”›ǤŠ‡ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ‹–‡”˜‡–‹‘•…ƒ””‹‡†‘—–ƒ––Š‹••‹–‡‹
–Š‡ͳͻͻͲ̵•†‹•…‘˜‡”‡†‡˜‹†‡…‡‘ˆƒŽƒ”‰‡ˆ‹”‡–Šƒ–ƒˆˆ‡…–‡†•‘‡”‘‘•‘ˆ–Š‡…”›’–‘’‘”–‹…‘ǤŠ‹•
ˆ‹”‡™ƒ•ƒ……—”ƒ–‡Ž›†ƒ–‡†–‘ƒ”‘—†ʹ͸Ͳ†—‡–‘–Š‡†‹•…‘˜‡”›‘ˆƒ‘‡–ƒ”›‰”‘—’…‘’‘•‡†
‘ˆͳ͸•‡•–‡”–‹‹ƒ†ƒŽ—…‡”ƒȋ„‘–Šˆ‘—†‹…Ž‘•‡’”‘š‹‹–›–‘ƒ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ™Š‘†‹‡†‹‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

26

”‘‘•ȌǤ––Š‡„‡‰‹‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡ͷ–Š…‡–—”›–Š‡˜‹ŽŽƒ™ƒ•”‡Ǧ‘……—’‹‡†ǡƒ†ƒ…–‹˜‹–›‹–Š‹•…‘’Ž‡š
…‘–‹—‡†—–‹Ž–Š‡‡†‘ˆ–Š‡ƒ–‡–‹“—‡’‡”‹‘†Ǥ
—”‹‰–Š‡‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡Ž‡˜‡Ž•ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†™‹–Š–Š‡ˆ‹”‡ǡ–Š‡„—”‡†”‡ƒ‹•‘ˆƒƒ†—Ž–ƒŽ‡
™‡”‡ˆ‘—†ƒ‘‰–Š‡”—„„Ž‡ǤŠ‡•‡”‡ƒ‹••Š‘™‡˜‹†‡…‡ˆ‘”ƒŽƒ”‰‡—„‡”‘ˆ„‘‡ˆ”ƒ…–—”‡•
†—‡ –‘ –Š‡ …‘ŽŽƒ’•‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ •–”—…–—”‡ †—”‹‰ –Š‡ ˆ‹”‡Ǥ Š‡ …”ƒ‹— ’”‡•‡–• –™‘ …Š‘’ƒ”•
’”‘†—…‡†„›ƒŠ‡ƒ˜›„Žƒ†‡†™‡ƒ’‘ȋƒ•™‘”†‘”ƒš‡Ȍ–Šƒ–™‡”‡’”‘†—…‡†„‡ˆ‘”‡–Š‡ˆ‹”‡Ǥ‹ˆˆ‡”‡–
†‡‰”‡‡•ƒ†’ƒ––‡”•‘ˆ„—”‹‰™‡”‡ˆ‘—†‹–Š‡Š—ƒ”‡ƒ‹•ǡ™Š‹…Š•—‰‰‡•––Šƒ––Š‡„‘‡•
™‡”‡…‘˜‡”‡†™‹–ŠˆŽ‡•Š™Š‡„—”‡†ƒ†–Šƒ––Š‡ˆ‹”‡‘……—””‡†…Ž‘•‡–‘–Š‡–‹‡‘ˆ†‡ƒ–Š‘ˆ–Š‹•
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽǤ
Ž–Š‘—‰Š •‘‡ Š‹•–‘”‹ƒ• †‘ ‘– „‡Ž‹‡˜‡ –Šƒ– –Š‹• ˆ‹”‡ ™ƒ• ‹–‡–‹‘ƒŽǡ –Š‡ ‡˜‹†‡…‡ ˆ‘”
’‡”‹‘”–‡ ‹Œ—”‹‡• †‡‘•–”ƒ–‡• –Š‡ ‡š‹•–‡…‡ ‘ˆ ƒ ˜‹‘Ž‡– ‹…‹†‡– ‹ –Š‹• ˜‹ŽŽƒ –Šƒ– …‘—Ž†
’‘••‹„Ž›Šƒ˜‡„‡‡”‡Žƒ–‡†–‘–Š‡ƒ”„ƒ”‹ƒ ˜ƒ•‹‘•–Šƒ–†‡˜ƒ•–ƒ–‡†–Š‡ƒ”‡ƒ‹–Š‡͵”†…‡–—”›Ǥ

THE SYPHILIS OF MARIA SALVIATI (1499-1543), WIFE OF GIOVANNI DE’ MEDICI NAMED
“OF THE BLACK BANDS”
–‘‹‘   ǡ ƒˆˆƒ‡Ž‡
ǡ ‹‘ƒ   ǡ —…ƒ ǡ ‰‡Ž‹…ƒ   ǡ

‹‘   ǡƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 

Š‡™‡ŽŽǦ’”‡•‡”˜‡†•‡Ž‡–‘‘ˆƒ”‹ƒƒŽ˜‹ƒ–‹ȋͳͶͻͻǦ1543), wife of Giovanni de’ Medici, named “of
the Black Bands”, has been exhumed in 2012. Maria was buried beneath the floor of the Medici
Šƒ’‡Ž•‹ Ž‘”‡…‡ǡ–‘‰‡–Š‡”™‹–Š–Š‡‘–Š‡”‡„‡”•‘ˆ–Š‹•ˆƒ‘—•ˆƒ‹Ž›ǡ•‘‹’‘”–ƒ–ˆ‘”–Š‡
Italian Renaissance Many lytic lesions were detected on the Maria’s skull. On the left anteroǦ‡•‹ƒŽ
’‘”–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ˆ”‘–ƒŽ „‘‡ǡ ‘ –Š‡ •“—ƒƒ ƒ† ‡†‹ƒŽŽ› –‘ –Š‡ ‘”„‹–ǡ –Š‡”‡ ƒ”‡ –™‘ ‡˜‹†‡–
…‹”…—˜ƒŽŽƒ–‡ …ƒ˜‹–ƒ–‹‘•ǡ ‹””‡‰—Žƒ”Ž› ‡ŽŽ‹’–‹…ƒŽ ‹ •Šƒ’‡ǡ ™‹–Š ƒ …‡–”ƒŽ †‡•–”—…–‹˜‡ ˆ‘…—• ƒ† ƒ
”‡ƒ…–‹˜‡„‘‡ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘‘–Š‡ƒ”‰‹•ǡƒ•–Š‡‡šƒ‹ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ•‘…‘ˆ‹”•ǤŠ‡…”ƒ‹ƒŽ˜ƒ—Ž–
•Š‘™•ǡ‘–Š‡’ƒ”‹‡–ƒŽ„‘‡•ǡ•‡˜‡”ƒŽ‘•–‡‘Ž›–‹…Ž‡•‹‘•‹ˆ‘”‘ˆ…‹”…—˜ƒŽŽƒ–‡…ƒ˜‹–ƒ–‹‘•ƒ†
ˆ‹‡ǡ”ƒ†‹ƒŽ•…ƒ”•ˆ”‘–Š‡…‡–”‡‘ˆ–Š‡•ŠƒŽŽ‘™†‡’”‡••‡†ƒ”‡ƒ•ǤŠ‡˜‡”‹ˆ‹‡•–Š‡ƒ–—”‡‘ˆ–Š‡
Ž‡•‹‘•ǡ ™Š‹…Š ‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽŽ› ƒ”‡ ‹–‡”Ǧ‘†—Žƒ” •–‡ŽŽƒ–‡ †‡’”‡••‹‘•Ǥ Š‡ …‘„‹ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ ƒ
…”ƒ–‡”ǦŽ‹‡ Ž‡•‹‘• ƒ• …‹”…—˜ƒŽŽƒ–‡ …ƒ˜‹–ƒ–‹‘• ‘ –Š‡ ˆ”‘–ƒŽ „‘‡ ȋ’Šƒ•‡ Ͷ ‹ –Š‡ caries sicca
•‡“—‡…‡ ‘ˆ ƒ…‡––Ȍ ƒ† ‘ˆ …‹”…—˜ƒŽŽƒ–‡ …ƒ˜‹–ƒ–‹‘• ™‹–Š ”ƒ†‹ƒŽ •…ƒ”• ‘ –Š‡ ’ƒ”‹‡–ƒŽ „‘‡•
ȋ’Šƒ•‡ͷ‹–Š‡caries sicca•‡“—‡…‡‘ˆ ƒ…‡––Ȍ‹•’ƒ–Š‘‰‘‘‹…ˆ‘”•›’Š‹Ž‹•ǤŠ‡’”‡•‡–•–—†›
†‹•…—••‡•–Š‡•›’Š‹Ž‹–‹…Ž‡•‹‘•‘„•‡”˜‡†‹–Š‡•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ”‡ƒ‹•‘ˆ–Š‹•‹’‘”–ƒ–‡„‡”‘ˆ–Š‡
‡†‹…‹ ˆƒ‹Ž›ǡ ”‡…‘•–”—…–• –Š‡ ‘•‘‰”ƒ’Š› ‘ˆ ƒ”‹ƒ ƒŽ˜‹ƒ–‹ „› –Š‡ ™”‹––‡ ƒ† ‹…‘‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…
•‘—”…‡•ǡƒ†ƒƒŽ›•‡•–Š‡‰‡†‡”•‘…‹ƒŽ‹’ƒ…–‘ˆ–Š‡˜‡‡”‡ƒŽ•›’Š‹Ž‹•‹–Š‡ƒ”‹•–‘…”ƒ–‹…‰”‘—’•
‘ˆ–Š‡‡ƒ‹••ƒ…‡Ǥ

THE FEMORAL SHAFT: WHAT DO WE DO WITH ALL THOSE CYLINDERS?
ƒ—‡Ž  ǡ—–Š
Ǧ
ǡ ƒ†ƒ•‡ƒŠ ǡ‹…–‘”‹ƒǡ ‹Žƒ

Š‡ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ„‘‡‹•…‘‘Ž›—•‡†–‘‰ƒ‹‹•‹‰Š–‘–Š‡’Š›•‹…ƒŽ„—”†‡ƒ†‘„‹Ž‹–›‘ˆƒ…‹‡–
’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•ǤŠ‡‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘‹•ƒ‹Ž›”‡–”‹‡˜‡†ˆ”‘–Š‡ƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ†‹ƒ’Š›•‡ƒŽ…”‘••Ǧ•‡…–‹‘ƒŽ
‰‡‘‡–”›ǡ‹…Ž—†‹‰–Š‹…‡••‘ˆ–Š‡…‘”–‡šǡƒ”‡ƒ•ǡ•‡…‘†‘‡–•‘ˆƒ”‡ƒǡƒ†•‡…–‹‘‘†—Ž‹Ǥ
Š‹• ‡–Š‘†‘Ž‘‰› ‹• „ƒ•‡† ‘ –Š‡ ƒ……‡’–‡† ‘–‹‘ –Šƒ– „‘‡• ƒ”‡ †‡˜‡Ž‘’‡–ƒŽŽ› ’Žƒ•–‹…ǡ
…Šƒ‰‹‰–Š‡‹”‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰›‹”‡•’‘•‡–‘‡…Šƒ‹…ƒŽ†‡ƒ†•’Žƒ…‡†‘–Š‡„‘‡•–Š”‘—‰Š‘—–
Ž‹ˆ‡Ǥ ‡˜‡”–Š‡Ž‡••ǡ †‹”‡…– ‹ˆ‡”‡…‡ ˆ”‘ „‘‡ ‰‡‘‡–”› ‘ –Š‡ –›’‡ ‘ˆ †ƒ‹Ž› Ž‹ˆ‡ ƒ…–‹˜‹–‹‡• –Š‡
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‡”‡‡‰ƒ‰‡†‹ǡ‹•‘–™‹–Š‘—–”‹•ǡƒ•†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–ˆƒ…–‘”•ȋ‡Ǥ‰Ǥǡ–‘–ƒŽ„‘†›™‡‹‰Š–Ȍƒ›
„‡‹˜‘Ž˜‡†™‹–Š–Š‡•‡‡…Šƒ‹…ƒŽ†‡ƒ†•ǤŠ‡ƒ‹‘ˆ–Š‹••–—†›™ƒ•–‘”‡˜‡ƒŽ–Š‡ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‹‘
„‡–™‡‡—•…Ž‡•–”‡‰–Šƒ†ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ•Šƒˆ–ƒ”…Š‹–‡…–—”‡ǤŠ‡…—””‡–•–—†›™ƒ•…ƒ””‹‡†‘—–‘ͶͲ
•…ƒ•‘ˆ›‘—‰ƒŽ‡•Ǥ ƒ‰‡•‘ˆ…”‘••Ǧ•‡…–‹‘•‘ˆ–Š‡ˆ‡—”™‡”‡‘„–ƒ‹‡†˜‹ƒ–Š‡Š‹Ž‹’•‘”–ƒŽ
•‘ˆ–™ƒ”‡ǡ ƒ† –Š‡ …”‘••Ǧ•‡…–‹‘ƒŽ ‰‡‘‡–”› ’ƒ”ƒ‡–‡”• ™‡”‡ ‡ƒ•—”‡† —•‹‰ †‡†‹…ƒ–‡†
’”‘‰”ƒ•ǤŠ‡…”‘••Ǧ•‡…–‹‘ƒŽƒ”‡ƒ‘ˆ–Š‡“—ƒ†”‹…‡’•ƒ†Šƒ•–”‹‰—•…Ž‡•™‡”‡ƒŽ•‘‡ƒ•—”‡†

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

27

˜‹ƒ–Š‡Š‹Ž‹’•‘”–ƒŽǤŠ‡”‡•—Ž–•‘ˆ–Š‡…—””‡–•–—†›™‹ŽŽ‡ƒ„Ž‡ƒ–Š”‘’‘Ž‘‰‹•–•–‘’”‘˜‹†‡ƒ
„‡––‡”‹–‡”’”‡–ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡‡–”‹…†ƒ–ƒ‘„–ƒ‹‡†ˆ”‘–Š‡ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ•Šƒˆ–Ǥ


THE FIRST COMPLETE DESCRIPTION OF ACROMEGALY IN BOLOGNA IN 1809: A JOURNEY
THROUGH PALAEOENDOCRINOLOGY
”ƒ…‡•…‘ƒ”‹ƒ
 ǡƒ—‡Ž‡ ǡ‹”‘ ǡ—‹•ƒ ǡŠ”‹•–‹ƒ
  ǡ ‹…‘ŽÖ ‹…‘Ž‹   ǡ ‘„‡”–ƒ  ǡ ƒ…‹‡Œ 
ǡ ”ƒ o  ǡ
Ž‡••ƒ†”‘

 

…”‘‡‰ƒŽ›‹•ƒ‡†‘…”‹‡ƒ†‡–ƒ„‘Ž‹…‘•‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ‡–‹–›…ƒ—•‡†„›ƒ–—‘—”‘—•‰”‘™–Š‘ˆ
–Š‡’‹–—‹–ƒ”›‰Žƒ†”‡•—Ž–‹‰‹
‹…”‡–‹‘Ǥ‘†‡”Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ”‡•‡ƒ”…ŠŠƒ••Š‘™Š‘™ˆ”‘–Š‡
ͳ͸–Š…‡–—”›‘•‡˜‡”ƒŽ‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹˜‡”‡’‘”–•‘–Š‡†‹•‡ƒ•‡Šƒ˜‡„‡‡’”‘†—…‡†Ǥ –Š‹•’ƒ’‡”ǡ
ƒˆ–‡”•—ƒ”‹œ‹‰–Š‡Š‹•–‘”›ƒ†’ƒŽƒ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ”‡…‘”†‘ˆƒ…”‘‡‰ƒŽ›ǡ‡•’‡…‹ƒŽŽ›‹–Š‡Ž‹‰Š–
‘ˆ”‡…‡–†‹•…‘˜‡”‹‡•ǡ‘•–’”‘‹‡–Ž›–Š‡•–—†›‘–Š‡ƒŽŽ‡‰‡†”‡ƒ‹•‘ˆ‰›’–‹ƒŠƒ”ƒ‘Šƒ
ƒŠ–ȋ–Š‡͵”†›ƒ•–›ǡŽ†‹‰†‘ǡ…ƒǤʹ͹ͲͲȌǡ™‡ˆ‘…—•‘ƒ”ƒ–Š‡”—‹“—‡…ƒ•‡ǤŠ‡̶—‹‰‹
ƒ––ƒ‡‘̶ƒ–‘‹…ƒŽƒš‘†‡Ž—•‡—‹‘Ž‘‰ƒǡ –ƒŽ›ǡ†‹•’Žƒ›•–Š‡•—ŽŽǡ™ƒš„—•–ƒ††”›
•–‘ƒ…Š’”‡’ƒ”ƒ–‹‘‘…‡„‡Ž‘‰‹‰–‘—‹‰‹ƒ”…Š‡––‹ǡ‘™ƒ•‘––ƒ”‘ȋŠ‡™ƒ•ƒ„ƒ””‡Žƒ‡”ǡ
ˆ”‘ ™Š‹…Š Š‹• ƒ‡ȌǤ Š‹• …ƒ•‡ ‘ˆ ƒ…”‘‡‰ƒŽ› ‹• ‘™ ‹ –Š‡ ‡†‹…ƒŽ Ž‹–‡”ƒ–—”‡ –Š”‘—‰Š ƒ
’—„Ž‹…ƒ–‹‘„›‡•ƒ”‡ƒ”—ˆˆ‹ȋͳͺʹͳǦͳͻͲʹȌ‹ͳͺ͹͹ǤŠ‹•…ƒ•‡‹•ƒŽ•‘˜‡”›‹’‘”–ƒ–„‡…ƒ—•‡‹–
stimulated even Rudolph Virchow’s (1821ǦͳͻͲʹȌ‹–‡”‡•–Ǥ ‘”ƒŽ‘‰–‹‡‹–™ƒ•–Š‘—‰Š––Šƒ––Š‹•
case dated back to Taruffi’s day. On the contrary, Taruffi’s reasearches are the result of his study
‘ˆ –Š‡ ƒƒ–‘‹…ƒŽ •’‡…‹‡• ’”‡’ƒ”‡† ƒ– –Š‡ „‡‰‹‹‰ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ͳͻ–Š …‡–—”›ǡ ˆ‘ŽŽ‘™‹‰ –Š‡
†‹•’‘•‹–‹‘•‘ˆƒƒ–‘‹•–Ž‡••ƒ†”‘‘”‡•…Š‹ȋͳ͹͹ͳǦͳͺʹ͸ȌǤ”‡ˆ‹‡†—•‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽǡƒ”…Š‹˜ƒŽƒ†
’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ”‡•‡ƒ”…Š›‹‡Ž†•…‘•‹†‡”ƒ„Ž‡”‡•—Ž–•ǣ
ƒǤƒˆ—ŽŽ‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ†’ƒŽƒ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ••‡••‡–‘ˆ–Š‹•…ƒ•‡…‘ˆ‹”‹‰–Š‡†‹ƒ‰‘•‹•Ǣ
„Ǥ‹–‹•Š‹‰ŠŽ‹‰Š–‡†Š‘™–Š‡ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‹‘„‡–™‡‡˜‹•…‡”‘‡‰ƒŽ›ƒ†ƒ…”‘‡‰ƒŽ›™ƒ•ƒŽ”‡ƒ†›ƒ†‡
ƒ––Š‡–‹‡Ǣ
…Ǥ–Š‡‹’Ž‡‡–ƒ–‹‘‘ˆˆƒ…‹ƒŽ•—’‡”‹’‘•‹–‹‘ƒŽŽ‘™‡†—•–‘‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‡–Š‡ƒ……—”ƒ…›‘ˆ–Š‡™ƒš
‘†‡ŽǤ
•ƒˆ‹ƒŽ…‘•‹†‡”ƒ–‹‘™‡Š‹‰ŠŽ‹‰Š––Š‡”‘Ž‡‘ˆ•‹Ž‡…‡†‘Ž‡…—Žƒ”’ƒ–Š™ƒ›•‹–Š‡‰‡‡•‹•‘ˆ
ƒ…”‘‡‰ƒŽ›‹–Š‡‘†‡”™‘”Ž†ƒ†‹–•‡‡”‰‹‰‡’‹†‡‹‘Ž‘‰›Ǥ


SEARCHING FOR MALARIA IN THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD: BIOMOLECULAR
APPROACHES AND ISSUES OF PRESERVATION
‹…Š‡ŽŽ‡
ǡŽ˜‹‡ Ǧǡ ”ƒ ǡŽ„‡”– ǡ‹…Šƒ‡Žƒ 

ƒŽƒ”‹ƒ ‹• …—””‡–Ž› ”‡…‘”†‡† ‹ –Š‡ ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ”‡…‘”† ƒŽ‘•– ‡š…Ž—•‹˜‡Ž› –Š”‘—‰Š –Š‡
‘•–‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ…Šƒ‰‡•ȋ•—…Šƒ•cribra orbitaliaǡ’‘”‘–‹…Š›’‡”•–‘•‹•ǡŽ‹‡ƒ”‡ƒ‡ŽŠ›’‘’Žƒ•‹ƒǡƒ†
‘”‡”‡…‡–Ž›ǡcribra humeriƒ†cribra femoraȌƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†™‹–Š–Š‡•‡…‘†ƒ”›”‡•’‘•‡•–‘–Š‡
†‹•‡ƒ•‡ƒ†‰‡‡–‹…—–ƒ–‹‘•†‡˜‡Ž‘’‡†–‘…‘ˆ‡””‡•‹•–ƒ…‡–‘–Š‡’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‹…‹ˆ‡…–‹‘Ǥ ‘™‡˜‡”
–Š‹• ƒ’’”‘ƒ…Š ‹• ’”‘„Ž‡ƒ–‹… „‡…ƒ—•‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ —•’‡…‹ˆ‹… ƒ–—”‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‘„•‡”˜‡† …Šƒ‰‡•ǡ –Š—•
—ƒ„‹‰—‘—• identification and analysis of the disease’s epidemiology in the past is still
‹’‘••‹„Ž‡ ˜‹ƒ ƒ…”‘•…‘’‹… ƒƒŽ›•‡•Ǥ ‡•‡ƒ”…Š …—””‡–Ž› „‡‹‰ —†‡”–ƒ‡ ƒ– –Š‡ —•–”‹ƒ
”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ •–‹–—–‡ƒ‹•–‘’”‘˜‹†‡‘”‡…‘…”‡–‡‡–Š‘†•‘ˆ‹†‡–‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘‘ˆƒŽƒ”‹ƒ‹–Š‡
’ƒ•– –Š”‘—‰Š „‹‘‘Ž‡…—Žƒ” –‡…Š‹“—‡•Ǥ Š‡ ’‘••‹„‹Ž‹–› ‘ˆ †‡˜‡Ž‘’‹‰ ƒ ”‡Ž‹ƒ„Ž‡ ‡–Š‘† ‘ˆ
‹†‡–‹ˆ›‹‰ƒŽƒ”‹ƒ‹–Š‡’ƒ•–™‘—Ž†‘–‘Ž›’”‘˜‹†‡‹’‘”–ƒ–‡™‹•‹‰Š–•‹–‘‘”„‹†‹–›ƒ†
‘”–ƒŽ‹–›‹–Š‡’ƒ•–„—–ƒŽ•‘„‡ƒ•‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ–•–‡’–‘™ƒ”†•ƒ„‡––‡”—†‡”•–ƒ†‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡‡˜‘Ž—–‹‘
ƒ† •’”‡ƒ† ‘ˆ –Š‡ †‹•‡ƒ•‡Ǥ ‘”‡‘˜‡”ǡ –Š‹• ™‘—Ž† —Ž–‹ƒ–‡Ž› ’”‘˜‹†‡ –Š‡ ‘’’‘”–—‹–› –‘
…‘…Ž—•‹˜‡Ž› ‡•–ƒ„Ž‹•Š ‹ˆ –Š‡”‡ ƒ”‡ ƒ› …‘•‹•–‡– ƒ…”‘•…‘’‹… ‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ …Šƒ‰‡• –‘ –Š‡
Š—ƒ •‡Ž‡–‘ …ƒ—•‡† „› ƒŽƒ”‹ƒ ƒ† –Š—• ‡ƒ„Ž‡ ”‡•‡ƒ”…Š‡”• –‘ ƒ˜‘‹† –Š‡•‡ †‡•–”—…–‹˜‡
‡–Š‘†•Ǥ Š‹• ’ƒ’‡” ™‹ŽŽ ’”‡•‡– •‘‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ”‡…‡– ˆ‹†‹‰• ˆ”‘ –Š‡ „‹‘‘Ž‡…—Žƒ” ƒƒŽ›•‡•
…ƒ””‹‡† ‘—– ™‹–Š‹ –Š‡ ˆ”ƒ‡™‘” ‘ˆ –Š‹• ’”‘Œ‡…– ƒ† †‹•…—•• –Š‡ …ŠƒŽŽ‡‰‡• ƒ† ‹••—‡• ‹ –Š‡
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

28

•‡ƒ”…Šˆ‘”ƒŽƒ”‹ƒ‹–Š‡’ƒ•–Ǥ•‹‰•ƒ’Ž‡•ǡ†ƒ–‡†„‡–™‡‡–Š‡ʹ†…‡–—”›–‘–Š‡͸–Š…‡–—”›
ǡˆ”‘›’”—•ǡ‡„ƒ‘ǡƒ†‰›’–ǡ™‡™‹ŽŽƒŽ•‘†‹•…—••ƒ•’‡…–•‘ˆ’”‡•‡”˜ƒ–‹‘ƒ†…—”ƒ–‹‘ǡ
•’‡…‹ˆ‹…ƒŽŽ›ƒ•‹–”‡Žƒ–‡•–‘•ƒ’Ž‡•‡Ž‡…–‹‘ƒ†™‡™‹ŽŽ‹…Ž—†‡•—‰‰‡•–‹‘•ˆ‘”ˆ—–—”‡™‘”Ǥ

PREVALENCE OF LARGE‐JOINT AND EXTREMITIES OSTEOARTHRITIS IN A MEDIEVAL
(13TH-16TH) URBAN POPULATION FROM LEIRIA (PORTUGAL)
—•ƒƒ Ǥ
 

•ƒ’Ž‡‘ˆͻͶƒ†—Ž–•‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡†ˆ”‘–Š‡—”„ƒ‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ…‡‡–‡”›ȋͳ͵–Š–‘ͳ͸–Š…‡–—”›Ȍ‘ˆ ‘
ƒ”–‹Š‘ ‹ ‡‹”‹ƒ ȋ…‡–”ƒŽ ‘”–—‰ƒŽȌ ™ƒ• •–—†‹‡†Ǥ ˜‡”ƒŽŽǡ –Š‡ •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ ™ƒ• ˜‡”› ™‡ŽŽ
’”‡•‡”˜‡†ǡ™Š‹…Š’”‘˜‹†‡†‡š…‡ŽŽ‡–…‘†‹–‹‘•–‘‡•–‹ƒ–‡•‡šƒ†ƒ‰‡ƒ–†‡ƒ–Š‹‘•–Ž›‘ˆ–Š‡
ƒ†—Ž–• ƒ† –‘ ’‡”ˆ‘” ƒ •›•–‡ƒ–‹… •–—†› ‘ˆ –Š‡ ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ–‹‘•Ǥ •–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹• ’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡ ™ƒ•
‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‡†ˆ‘ŽŽ‘™‹‰‘‰‡”•ƒ†ƒŽ†”‘ȋͳͻͻͷȌ–‘‹†‡–‹ˆ›•‡š†‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡•Ǥ –Š‹•’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ǡ
‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹•™ƒ•…‘‘‹ƒŽ‡•ƒ†ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•ǡ„—–‹–™ƒ•‘”‡’”‡˜ƒŽ‡–‹ƒŽ‘•–ƒŽŽ•‹–‡•
ƒ‘‰ƒŽ‡•ǤŠ‡‡š…‡’–‹‘•ƒ”‡–Š‡‡Ž„‘™ȋŠ—‡”—•ƒ†”ƒ†‹—•Ȍǡ‡‡ȋ’ƒ–‡ŽŽƒ”ƒ†Žƒ–‡”ƒŽȌǡ
–ƒ”•‘‡–ƒ–ƒ”•ƒŽƒ†’”‘š‹ƒŽ‹–‡”’ŠƒŽƒ‰‡ƒŽŒ‘‹–•Ǥƒ•‡•‘ˆ‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹•™‹–Š‡„—”ƒ–‹‘™‡”‡
‘Ž› ‘„•‡”˜‡† ‹ –Š‡ Š‹’ ƒ‘‰ ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•Ǥ ‘™‡˜‡”ǡ •‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ– •‡š †‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡• ȋ’δͲǤͲͷȌ ™‡”‡
‘„•‡”˜‡† ‘Ž› ‹ –Š‡ •–‡”‘…Žƒ˜‹…—Žƒ” Œ‘‹–ǡ •Š‘—Ž†‡” ƒ† Šƒ† ȋ‡–ƒ…ƒ”’‘’ŠƒŽƒ‰‡ƒŽȌǡ „‡‹‰
ƒŽ‡•‘”‡ƒˆˆ‡…–‡†Ǥ’‘••‹„Ž‡‡š’Žƒƒ–‹‘ˆ‘”–Š‹•†‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡‹•–Šƒ–ƒŽ‡•™‡”‡‘”‡‡‰ƒ‰‡†
‹ •–”‡—‘—• ƒ…–‹˜‹–‹‡•ǡ ’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”Ž› –Š‘•‡ ‹˜‘Ž˜‹‰ –Š‡ —’’‡” Ž‹„Ǥ ‡ ‘„•‡”˜‡† –Šƒ– ˆƒ…‡–
”‡‘†‡ŽŽ‹‰ ™ƒ• ‘”‡ •‡˜‡”‡ ƒ‘‰ ƒŽ‡• ™Š‹…Š …‘””‘„‘”ƒ–‡• –Š‡ Š›’‘–Š‡•‹• ‘ˆ ƒ ‘”‡
†‡ƒ†‹‰’Š›•‹…ƒŽƒ…–‹˜‹–›‹ƒŽ‡•Ǥ—–ǡ‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹•‹•ƒ…‘’Ž‡š†‹•‡ƒ•‡™‹–Šƒ‡–‹‘Ž‘‰‹‡•ƒ•
†‹˜‡”•‡ƒ•Š‘”‘ƒŽǡ‰‡‡–‹…ǡ™‡‹‰Š–ǡ†›ƒ‹…‡…Šƒ‹…ƒŽ•–”‡••‘”Œ‘‹–‹Œ—”›ǡ™Š‹…ŠŽ‹‹–•–Š‡
•–”‡‰–Š ‘ˆ –Š‡ …‘’ƒ”‹•‘ „› ‰‡†‡”Ǥ ‰‡ ƒ› Šƒ˜‡ ƒŽ•‘ ’Žƒ› ƒ ‡› ”‘Ž‡ ‹ –Š‡ ‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹•
’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡ ƒ† †‹•–”‹„—–‹‘ „› •‹–‡ ‘ –Š‹• ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ ƒ• ʹ͹Ψ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• Šƒ† ƒ ƒ‰‡
‡•–‹ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ‘”‡–ŠƒͷͲ›‡ƒ”•‘Ž†ǤƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹••—‰‰‡•–•–Šƒ–Ž‹ˆ‡™ƒ•†‹ˆˆ‹…—Ž–‹
–Š‹• ‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ —”„ƒ …‘—‹–›ǡ „—– •—”˜‹˜ƒŽ —–‹Ž ‘Ž† ƒ‰‡• ™ƒ• ‘– —…‘‘ ™‹–Š –Š‡
…‘…‘‹–ƒ– †‹•‡ƒ•‡• ‹ ‡Ž†‡”Ž› ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• Ž‹‡ –‘‘–Š Ž‘••ǡ ‘•–‡‘’‘”‘•‹• ‘” Š‹’ ƒ† ‡‡
‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹•Ǥ

OSTEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE OF DISPROPORTIONATE GROWTH ON A JUVENILE INDIVIDUAL
FROM THE 13TH CENTURY AD (LEIRIA, PORTUGAL)
—•ƒƒ Ǥ
 ǡƒ—‹•ƒ

—†”‡†• ‘ˆ …‘†‹–‹‘• ƒ› …ƒ—•‡ •Š‘”– •–ƒ–—”‡ ȋ‡Ǥ‰Ǥ ƒ…Š‘†”‘’Žƒ•‹ƒǡ Š›’‘…Š‘†”‘’Žƒ•‹ƒǡ ‘”
‹†‹‘’ƒ–Š‹…•Š‘”–•–ƒ–—”‡ȌǤŠ‹••–—†›ƒ‹•–‘†‡•…”‹„‡ƒ‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ‡šŠ—‡†ˆ”‘‡‹”‹ƒ
ȋ‘”–—‰ƒŽȌ™‹–Š†‹•’”‘’‘”–‹‘ƒ–‡„‘‡‰”‘™–ŠǤŠ‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ™ƒ•„—”‹‡†‹†‡…—„‹–—•†‘”•ƒŽ‹•ǡ
‘”‹‡–‡† ‘”–Š™‡•–Ǧ•‘—–Š‡ƒ•–ǡ ƒ• –Š‡ ƒŒ‘”‹–› ‘ˆ –Š‡ ͳͷ͹ •‡Ž‡–‘• ‡šŠ—‡† ˆ”‘ –Š‹• …Š—”…Š
‰”ƒ˜‡›ƒ”†Ǥ —”‹‰ –Š‡ ‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘ǡ •‡˜‡ •–”ƒ–‹‰”ƒ’Š‹… —‹–• ™‡”‡‹†‡–‹ˆ‹‡† ƒ† –Š‹• ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ
™ƒ•„—”‹‡†‹–Š‡‘Ž†‡•–‘‡ǡ†ƒ–‹‰ˆ”‘–Š‡ͳ͵–Š…‡–—”›ǤŠ‡•‡Ž‡–‘‹•™‡ŽŽ’”‡•‡”˜‡†™‹–Š
–Š‡‡š…‡’–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡•–‡”—ǡ’ƒ–‡ŽŽƒ‡ƒ†”‹‰Š–Ž‘™‡”Ž‹„ǡƒ†•‘‡„‘‡•‘ˆ–Š‡Šƒ†•ƒ†ˆ‡‡–
ƒ”‡‹••‹‰ǤŠ‡‡ƒ”Ǧ…‘’Ž‡–‡•‡Ž‡–‘ȋͺͷΨȌŠƒ•–Š‡…‘”–‹…ƒŽ„‘‡™‡ŽŽ’”‡•‡”˜‡†ǤŠ‡’‡Ž˜‹…
‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰›‹†‹…ƒ–‡•ƒƒŽ‡ǤŠ‡…”ƒ‹—’”‡•‡–•cribra orbitaliaǡ–Š‡ʹͺ’”‡•‡”˜‡†–‡‡–ŠŠƒ˜‡
‘‡ƒ‡ŽŠ›’‘’Žƒ•‹ƒ‘”…ƒ”‹‡•ƒ†–Š‡Ž‡ˆ––‹„‹ƒŠƒ• ƒ””‹•Ž‹‡•Ǥ™‘”‹‰Š–”‹„•ȋ‘—–‘ˆʹͶ”‹„•Ȍ
Šƒ˜‡‡™„‘‡ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘‘–Š‡˜‹•…‡”ƒŽ•Šƒˆ–ǤŠ‡‹–”‹‰—‹‰ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡•‘ˆ–Š‹•‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽƒ”‡–Š‡
†‹•…”‡’ƒ…›„‡–™‡‡–Š‡†‡–ƒŽƒ†•‡Ž‡–ƒŽƒ‰‡ƒ†–Š‡”‘„—•–‹…‹–›‘ˆ–Š‡Ž‘‰„‘‡•Ǥ ”‘–Š‡
–Š‹”†‘Žƒ”Ž‡‰–Šƒƒ‰‡†ƒ–†‡ƒ–Š‘ˆͳ͹Ǥ͹›‡ƒ”•™ƒ•‡•–‹ƒ–‡†™Š‹Ž‡–Š‡Ž‡‰–Š‘ˆ–Š‡Ž‘‰„‘‡•
•—‰‰‡•–ƒƒ‰‡Ǧƒ–Ǧ†‡ƒ–Š„‡–™‡‡ͻƒ†ͳʹ›‡ƒ”•‘Ž†ǡ†‡•’‹–‡–Šƒ–ƒˆ‡™„‘‡•Šƒ˜‡–Š‡‡’‹’Š›•‡•
ƒŽ”‡ƒ†› ˆ—•‡†Ǥ ††‹–‹‘ƒŽŽ›ǡ –Š‡ Ž‘‰ „‘‡• ƒ”‡ ˜‡”› ”‘„—•–ǡ ™‹–Š ”—‰‘•‡ ƒ––ƒ…Š‡– •‹–‡•ǡ
’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”Ž› ‹ –Š‡ —’’‡” Ž‹„• ƒ† …Žƒ˜‹…Ž‡•Ǥ Š‡ †‹•–‹…–‹˜‡ ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡• ‘ˆ –Š‡ •—ŽŽǡ Ž‹„•ǡ Šƒ†
’ŠƒŽƒ‰‡•ƒ†˜‡”–‡„”ƒ‡ƒ”‡‰‘‹‰–‘„‡†‡•…”‹„‡†ǤŠ‡†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒŽ†‹ƒ‰‘•‹•’‘‹––‘ƒ‹Ž†ˆ‘”

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

29

‘ˆ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ†›•’Žƒ•‹ƒǡ’‘••‹„Ž›Š›’‘…Š‘†”‘’Žƒ•‹ƒǤ –‹•‹–‡”‡•–‹‰–Šƒ––Š‹•‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽǡ†‡•’‹–‡Š‹•
…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•–‹…•ǡ™ƒ•„—”‹‡†–‘‰‡–Š‡”™‹–Š–Š‡‘–Š‡”‡„‡”•‘ˆ–Š‡’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘Ǥ


TREPANATION IN ITALY: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND A NEW CASE
ƒŽ‡–‹ƒ
 ǡ
‹—Ž‹ƒ  ǡ
‹‘   

‡’”‡•‡–ƒ”‡˜‹‡™‘ˆ•—ŽŽ–”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘‹ƒ…‹‡– –ƒŽ›ǡ‘–Š‡„ƒ•‹•‘ˆ–Š‡Ž‹–‡”ƒ–—”‡Ǥ–‘–ƒŽ‘ˆ
ͷͶ …ƒ•‡•ƒ”‡ †‘…—‡–‡† ˆ”‘ Ͷ͵ –ƒŽ‹ƒ ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ •‹–‡•ǡ ™‹–Š ’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ” ƒ„—†ƒ…› ˆ”‘
…‡–”ƒŽ –ƒŽ›ƒ†’”‡Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒ”†‹‹ƒǤ˜‹†‡…‡•…‘˜‡”ƒ–‹‡•’ƒ‘ˆƒ’’”‘š‹ƒ–‡Ž›͹ͲͲͲ›‡ƒ”•ǡ
™‹–Š–Š‡‘•–ƒ…‹‡–…ƒ•‡•†ƒ–‹‰„ƒ…–‘–Š‡ͷ–Š‹ŽŽ‡‹—ƒ†–Š‡‘•–”‡…‡––‘–Š‡ͳͺǦ
ͳͻ–Š…‡–—”‹‡•ǤŠ‡ƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ–Š‡ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ…‘–‡š–”‡˜‡ƒŽ•–Šƒ–‹‰‡‡”ƒŽ–Š‡”‡ƒ”‡‘
†‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡• „‡–™‡‡ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• •—„‹––‡† –‘ –Š‡ ’”ƒ…–‹…‡ ‘ˆ –”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘ ƒ† ‘–Š‡” •‡Ž‡–‘•
ˆ‘—† ‹ –Š‡ •ƒ‡ ‡…”‘’‘Ž‹•Ǥ Š‡ ƒŒ‘”‹–› ‘ˆ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• •Š‘™ ƒ •‹‰Ž‡ –”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘ǡ ™Š‡”‡ƒ•
‘–Š‡”• ’”‡•‡– •—ŽŽ• ™‹–Š —Ž–‹’Ž‡ Š‘Ž‡•Ǥ Š‡ •—”‰‹…ƒŽ ‹–‡”˜‡–‹‘ ™ƒ• ”‡•‡”˜‡† –‘ ƒ†—Ž–
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ǡ™‹–Šƒ’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡‘ˆƒŽ‡•Ǥ‘•‹†‡”‹‰–Š‡Ž‘…ƒŽ‹œƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘ǡ–Š‡’ƒ”‹‡–ƒŽ•
ƒ”‡–Š‡‘•–’”‡ˆ‡””‡†•—ŽŽ„‘‡•ˆ‘”–”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘ǡˆ‘ŽŽ‘™‡†‹†‡…”‡ƒ•‹‰‹…‹†‡…‡„›–Š‡ˆ”‘–ƒŽ
ƒ†–Š‡‘……‹’‹–ƒŽ„‘‡ǤŠ‡‘•–†‹ˆˆ—•‡†–‡…Š‹“—‡‹••…”ƒ’‹‰ǡ™Š‡”‡ƒ•…—––‹‰ƒ††”‹ŽŽ‹‰ƒ”‡
Ž‡•• ƒ––‡•–‡†Ǥ  •‘‡ …ƒ•‡• –”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘ ™ƒ• ’‡”ˆ‘”‡† –‘ –”‡ƒ– Š‡ƒ† ™‘—†•ǡ „—– ‹ •‡˜‡”ƒŽ
•’‡…‹‡• ‹– ™ƒ• ‘– ’‘••‹„Ž‡ –‘ †‡–‡”‹‡ –Š‡ ”‡ƒ•‘• ˆ‘” ‹–‡”˜‡–‹‘Ǥ Š‡ ’‡”…‡–ƒ‰‡ ‘ˆ
•—”˜‹˜ƒŽ‹–Š‡ –ƒŽ‹ƒ•ƒ’Ž‡‹•˜‡”›Š‹‰Šǡ”‡ƒ…Š‹‰ͺͻΨ‘ˆ–Š‡–”‡’ƒ‡†’ƒ–‹‡–•Ǥ
Š‡ ‡™ …ƒ•‡ ‹• ”‡’”‡•‡–‡† „› ƒ –”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘ ’”ƒ…–‹…‡† ‘ ƒ ƒ†—Ž– ƒŽ‡ …‘‹‰ ˆ”‘ ͳ͵–Š
…‡–—”› —•…ƒ› ‹ ‘”†‡” –‘ –”‡ƒ– ƒ „‘‡ ‹Œ—”›Ǣ –Š‡ ‹–‡”˜‡–‹‘ ™ƒ• …ƒ””‹‡† ‘—– –Š”‘—‰Š –Š‡
‹…‹•‹‘ –‡…Š‹“—‡ ™‹–Š –Š‡ ”‡’Žƒ…‡‡– ‘ˆ –Š‡ „‘‡ ”‘†‡ŽŽƒǡ „—– ™ƒ• —•—……‡••ˆ—Ž ƒ† –Š‡
’ƒ–‹‡–†‹‡†•‘‘ƒˆ–‡”Ǥ


THE BATTLE OF WAGRAM 1809 ‐ PALAEOPATHOLOGICAL EVIDENCE OF LIFE AND DEATH
DURING THE NAPOLEONIC WARS 







ƒƒŠ
ǡ‹…Šƒ‡Žƒ 

 —Ž› ͷ–Š ƒ† ͸–Š ͳͺͲͻǡ –Š‡ ”‡…Š ƒ† —•–”‹ƒ ƒ”‹‡•‡–ƒ– ƒ‰”ƒ –‘ –Š‡ ‘”–Š‡ƒ•– ‘ˆ
‹‡ƒ‹‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡Žƒ”‰‡•–„ƒ––Ž‡•‘ˆ–Š‡ƒ’‘Ž‡‘‹…ƒ”•ȋͳͺͲ͵ǦͳͺͳͷȌǡŽ‡ƒ†‹‰–‘–Š‡Ž‘••‘ˆ—’
–‘ ͹ͺǡͲͲͲ •‘Ž†‹‡”•Ǥ ”‹‘” –‘ …‘•–”—…–‹‘ ™‘”• ˆ‘” –Š‡ ͺ ‡™ ‘–‘”™ƒ› –‘
ƒ”…Šˆ‡Ž†•…Š‡ŽŽ•–”ƒé‡ǡȗ‹ʹͲͳ͹ǡ•ƒŽ˜ƒ‰‡‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘•”‡˜‡ƒŽ‡†ͳ͵„ƒ––Ž‡Ǧ”‡Žƒ–‡†„—”‹ƒŽ•‹–‡•ƒ–
ƒ„‡”•†‘”ˆ ƒ† ‡—–•…Š ƒ‰”ƒǤ Š‡ „—”‹ƒŽ• ™‡”‡ ‹ ƒ‘”’Š‘—• ’‹–• …‘–ƒ‹‹‰ —’ –‘ •‹š
‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ǡ™‹–Šƒ–‘–ƒŽ‘ˆͶͶ•‡Ž‡–‘•”‡…‘˜‡”‡†–‘†ƒ–‡ǤŽŽͶͶ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‡”‡•–—†‹‡†ƒ•’ƒ”–
‘ˆƒ•›•–‡ƒ–‹…„‹‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ••‡••‡–‹‘”†‡”–‘‡Ž—…‹†ƒ–‡Ž‹˜‹‰…‘†‹–‹‘•‘ˆ•‘Ž†‹‡”•‘ˆ
–Š‡ ƒ’‘Ž‡‘‹… ‡”ƒǡ „—– ƒŽ•‘ †‡ƒ–Š‘ –Š‡ „ƒ––Ž‡ˆ‹‡Ž†Ǥ ‡ …‘•‹†‡”‡† †‡‘‰”ƒ’Š‹… ’ƒ”ƒ‡–‡”•ǡ
ƒ”‡”• ‘ˆ ’‘‘” Š‡ƒŽ–Š †—”‹‰ Ž‹ˆ‡ ȋ†‡–ƒŽ ‡ƒ‡Ž Š›’‘’Žƒ•‹ƒǡ †‡–ƒŽ ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹‡•ǡ ‡™ „‘‡
ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘ǡ ‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹• ƒ† –”ƒ—ƒȌǡ ƒ• ™‡ŽŽ ƒ• ‡˜‹†‡…‡ ‘ˆ ’‡”‹‘”–‡ –”ƒ—ƒ ƒ––‡•–‹‰ –‘
†‡ƒ–Š‘–Š‡„ƒ––Ž‡ˆ‹‡Ž†ǤŽŽ‘ˆ–Š‡•‡Ž‡–‘•™‡”‡ƒŽ‡ƒ†Šƒ†‘•–Ž›†‹‡†„‡ˆ‘”‡–Š‡ƒ‰‡‘ˆ͵ͷǤ
Š‡”‡•—Ž–•‘ˆ–Š‡’ƒŽƒ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹••Š‘™•‹‰•‘ˆŠ‡ƒ˜›’Š›•‹…ƒŽƒ…–‹˜‹–›ǡ‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹•
ƒ† ‘˜‡”—•‡ †‡•’‹–‡ –Š‡‹” ›‘—‰ ƒ‰‡Ǧƒ–Ǧ†‡ƒ–ŠǤ …—”˜›ǡ ’‡—‘‹ƒǡ ‡‹‰‹–‹•ǡ ƒ† …Š”‘‹…
•‹—•‹–‹•ǡ„‘–ŠŠ‡ƒŽ‡†ƒ†•–‹ŽŽƒ…–‹˜‡ƒ––Š‡–‹‡‘ˆ†‡ƒ–Šǡ™‡”‡…‘‘ƒ†‹†‹…ƒ–‡–Š‡Šƒ”•Š
Ž‹˜‹‰…‘†‹–‹‘•‘ˆ•‘Ž†‹‡”•†—”‹‰Ž‘‰ˆ‹‡Ž†…ƒ’ƒ‹‰•Ǥ‡”‹‘”–‡–”ƒ—ƒ™ƒ•Žƒ”‰‡Ž›…‘ˆ‹‡†
–‘„ƒŽŽ‹•–‹…Š‡ƒ†–”ƒ—ƒ‘ˆ–Š‡Š‡ƒ†ǡ…‘ˆ‘”‹‰–‘•–ƒ†ƒ”†ƒ’‘Ž‡‘‹…™ƒ”ˆƒ”‡ǡ™‹–Š‹–•Š‡ƒ˜›
”‡Ž‹ƒ…‡‘‹ˆƒ–”›Ǥ
ȗŠ‡’”‘Œ‡…–™ƒ•ˆ—†‡†„› 
Ǥ


BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

30

CRANIOFACIAL DYSPLASTIC BONE DISEASE IN PALEOPATHOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS
—Ž‹ƒ


Š‹• ’ƒ’‡” †‹•…—••‡• —Ž–‹’Ž‡ •ƒŽŽ ’‹––‡† Ž‡•‹‘• ‹ –Š‡ ˆƒ…‹ƒŽ •‡Ž‡–‘ ‹ ƒ ™‡ŽŽ ’”‡•‡”˜‡†
•‡Ž‡–‘‘ˆƒƒ–—”‡ƒŽ‡‘ˆ–Š‡ —‘Ǧƒ”ƒ–‹ƒ‡”‹‘†ˆ”‘ƒœƒŠ•–ƒǤ
Š‡•‡ƒ†•‹‹Žƒ”Ž‡•‹‘•‘ˆ‘–Š‡”•‡Ž‡–‘•ˆ”‘†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–’‡”‹‘†•ƒ†‰‡‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…ƒ”‡ƒ•™‡”‡
‡šƒ‹‡†„›†‹‰‹–ƒŽ‹…”‘•…‘’›ǡ’Žƒ‹”ƒ†‹‘‰”ƒ’Š›ǡƒ†’Žƒ‹ƒ†’‘Žƒ”‹œ‹‰‹…”‘•…‘’›Ǥ‘••‹„Ž‡
†‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒŽ †‹ƒ‰‘•‡• ‘ˆ ‹ˆŽƒƒ–‘”›ǡ ‡–ƒ„‘Ž‹…ǡ ‡‘’Žƒ•–‹…ǡ ƒ† †›•’Žƒ•–‹… ‡–‹–‹‡• ƒ”‡
†‹•…—••‡†Ǥ –• ‹…”‘•…‘’‹… …Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•–‹…•ǡ ’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”Ž› –Š‡ ’”‡•‡…‡ ‘ˆ ™‘˜‡ „‘‡ ™‹–Š‹ –Š‡
Ž‡•‹‘•ǡ ’‘‹– –‘ ƒ ˆ‹„”‘Ǧ‘••‡‘—• ’”‘…‡••Ǥ —‡ –‘ ‹–• Ž‘…ƒŽ‹œƒ–‹‘ ƒ† †‹•–”‹„—–‹‘ ‹ –Š‡ ˆƒ…‹ƒŽ
•‡Ž‡–‘ǡ…”ƒ‹‘ˆƒ…‹ƒŽˆ‹„”‘—•†›•’Žƒ•‹ƒ‹•†‹•…—••‡†ƒ•–Š‡‘•–Ž‹‡Ž›†‹ƒ‰‘•‹•Ǥƒ…”‘•…‘’‹…ƒ†
”ƒ†‹‘‰”ƒ’Š‹…ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡••‡‡‡†–‘„‡‘ˆŽ‡••†‹ƒ‰‘•–‹…˜ƒŽ—‡Ǥ
–Š‡’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ”‡…‘”†ǡ•ƒŽŽ’‘”‘—•Ž‡•‹‘•‘ˆ–Š‡ˆƒ…‹ƒŽ•‡Ž‡–‘‘……—”„—–ƒ”‡”ƒ”‡Ž›
ƒ††”‡••‡†‹†‹ƒ‰‘•‹•Ǥ‘…ƒŽ‹œ‡††›•’Žƒ•–‹…„‘‡†‹•‡ƒ•‡••Š‘—Ž†„‡–ƒ‡‹–‘…‘•‹†‡”ƒ–‹‘Ǥ


OSTEOPETROSIS AND ACCOMPANIED SKELETAL CHANGES IN A SKELETON FROM ALBANIA
—Ž‹ƒ
ǡƒ—‡Ž‡  

•–‡‘’‡–”‘•‹• ‘” ƒ”„‡Ž „‘‡ †‹•‡ƒ•‡ ‹• ƒ ˜‡”› ”ƒ”‡ ‹Š‡”‹–‡† †‹•‘”†‡” Ž‡ƒ†‹‰ –‘ •‡˜‡”‡
‘•–‡‘•…Ž‡”‘•‹•‘ˆ–Š‡„‘‡ǡ…‘„‹‡†™‹–Š†‡ˆ‘”‹–›ƒ†‡Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†ˆ”ƒ…–—”‡”ƒ–‡Ǥ‹–Š–Š‹•’‘•–‡”
™‡’”‡•‡–ƒƒ†—Ž–•‡Ž‡–‘‘ˆ™Š‹…Š‘Ž›„‘–ŠŠ—‡”‹ǡ–Š‡Ž‡ˆ–ˆ‡—”ǡƒ†–Š‡†‹•–ƒŽŠƒŽˆ‘ˆ–Š‡
Ž‡ˆ–”ƒ†‹—•ƒ”‡ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„Ž‡ˆ‘”‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‹‘ǤŠ‡ƒƒŽ›•‡†•’‡…‹‡••Š‘™Š›’‡”†‡•‹–›‘ˆ–Š‡„‘‡
–‹••—‡•ǡƒ……‘’ƒ‹‡†„›˜‡”›™‡ŽŽŠ‡ƒŽ‡†ˆ”ƒ…–—”‡•‘ˆ„‘–Š–Š‡’”‘š‹ƒŽ•Šƒˆ–‘ˆ–Š‡”‹‰Š–Š—‡”—•
ƒ†–Š‡†‹•–ƒŽ•Šƒˆ–‘ˆ–Š‡Ž‡ˆ–”ƒ†‹—•Ǥ —”–Š‡”‘”‡ǡƒŽ‘…ƒŽ‹•‡†•™‡ŽŽ‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡†‹•–ƒŽ‡–ƒ’Š›•‹•‘ˆ
–Š‡Ž‡ˆ–ˆ‡—”™‹ŽŽ„‡†‹•…—••‡†ƒ•ƒ•›’–‘‘ˆ–Š‡†‹•‡ƒ•‡‘”ƒ•ƒ’‘••‹„Ž‡ƒ††‹–‹‘ƒŽ†‹•‡ƒ•‡Ǥ
‹‰‹–ƒŽ ‹…”‘•…‘’›ǡ ’Žƒ‹ ”ƒ†‹‘‰”ƒ’Š› ƒ† …‘’—–‡” –‘‘‰”ƒ’Š›ǡ ƒ† ’Žƒ‹ ƒ† ’‘Žƒ”‹œ‹‰
‹…”‘•…‘’›ƒ‹†‡†‹†‹ƒ‰‘•‹•Ǥ‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒŽ†‹ƒ‰‘•‡•™‹ŽŽ„‡†‹•…—••‡†ǤŠ‡…ƒ•‡’”‡•‡–‡†‹–Š‹•
’‘•–‡”‹•‘ˆ‘—–‘•–‹–‡”‡•–ǡƒ•‹–‹•‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡ˆ‡™ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ‡˜‹†‡…‡•ˆ‘”‘•–‡‘’‡–”‘•‹•‹•Ǥ


EVIDENCE FOR ADAPTATION TO MALARIA IN A 2.58‐MILLION‐YEAR‐OLD PROXIMAL
AUSTRALOPITHECUS AFRICANUS FEMUR FROM MAKAPANSGAT, SOUTH AFRICA
ƒ”–‹ ǡƒ„‹‡ ǡ‡”Šƒ”†  ǡ‹–‘”‹ƒǤǡ‹œ‹ƒ  

Š‡ ʹǤͷͺǦ‹ŽŽ‹‘Ǧ›‡ƒ”Ǧ‘Ž†  Ͷ͸ ’”‘š‹ƒŽ ˆ‡—” ȋAustralopithecus africanusȌ ˆ”‘
ƒƒ’ƒ•‰ƒ–ǡ‘—–Šˆ”‹…ƒǡ”‡’”‡•‡–•–Š‡‡ƒ”Ž‹‡•–…ƒ•‡‘ˆŠ‹’‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹•‹–Š‡Š—ƒˆ‘••‹Ž
”‡…‘”†––Š‡•‡…‘†‘Ž†‡•–‘™ˆ‘••‹Ž™‹–ŠŠ‹’‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹•‹•ƒͷͲǡͲͲͲǦ›‡ƒ”Ǧ‘Ž†‡ƒ†‡”–ŠƒŽǤ
‡‹‰‘‡‘ˆ–Š‡Žƒ”‰‡•–A. africanusˆ‡‘”ƒǡͶ͸™ƒ•’”‘„ƒ„Ž›ƒŽ‡ǡƒ†‹–„‡Ž‘‰‡†–‘ƒ›‘—‰
ƒ†—Ž–„ƒ•‡†‘–Š‡‰‡‡”ƒŽŽ›Ž‘™Ž‹ˆ‡‡š’‡…–ƒ…›‹–Š‡Ž‹‘ǦŽ‡‹•–‘…‡‡ǤŠ‡‘˜ƒŽ‘‹†ˆ‡‘”ƒŽŠ‡ƒ†
‘ˆͶ͸•Š‘™•‡š–‡•‹˜‡ƒ”‰‹ƒŽƒ†‡†‹ƒŽ‘•–‡‘’Š›–‡ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘ǡ„—–‹•‘–ˆŽƒ––‡‡†ǤŠ‹•
•—‰‰‡•–•ƒ…‡–ƒ„—Žƒ”’”‘–”—•‹‘ƒ•–Š‡”‡ƒ•‘ˆ‘”–Š‡•‡˜‡”‡Š‹’‘•–‡‘ƒ”–Š”‹–‹•ǡ™Š‹…Š‘ˆ–‡”‡•—Ž–•
ˆ”‘ƒ””‘™‡š’ƒ•‹‘‹›‘—‰ƒ†—Ž–•™‹–ŠŠƒ‡‘‰Ž‘„‹‘’ƒ–Š‹‡••—…Šƒ••‹…Ž‡Ǧ…‡ŽŽ†‹•‡ƒ•‡ƒ†
–ŠƒŽƒ••‡‹ƒǤ  Žƒ”‰‡ ˆŽƒ‡ ‘ˆ „‘‡ ™ƒ• „”‘‡ ‘ˆˆ ˆ”‘ –Š‡ ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ Š‡ƒ† ƒ–‡”‹‘”Ž›ǡ ”‡˜‡ƒŽ‹‰
˜ƒ”‹‘—••—„…Š‘†”ƒŽ…›•–•ƒ†ƒŽƒ”‰‡…‘‡Ǧ•Šƒ’‡†•…Ž‡”‘–‹…œ‘‡‹–Š‡‡†‹ƒŽ•‡…–‘”‘ˆ–Š‡Š‡ƒ†ǡ
™Š‹…Š™ƒ•…‘ˆ‹”‡†„›‹…”‘Ǧ‡šƒ‹ƒ–‹‘Ǥ –‹•—Ž‹‡Ž›–Šƒ––Š‹••…Ž‡”‘–‹…œ‘‡”‡’”‡•‡–•ƒ
„‘‡ ‹•Žƒ† ‘” –—‘—” ‡–ƒ•–ƒ•‹•Ǥ ƒ–Š‡”ǡ ‹– ‹• •—‰‰‡•–‹˜‡ ‘ˆ ‘•–‡‘‡…”‘•‹• –Šƒ– ”‡’”‡•‡–• ƒ
…‘‘ …‘’Ž‹…ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ•‹…Ž‡Ǧ…‡ŽŽ †‹•‡ƒ•‡ǡ ™Š‡”‡ƒ• ‘–Š‡” ƒ‡–‹‘Ž‘‰‹‡• ‹…Ž—†‹‰ …‘”–‹…‘•–‡”‘‹†
‡†‹…ƒ–‹‘ƒ†ƒŽ…‘Š‘Ž‹•…ƒ„‡‡š…Ž—†‡†‹’”‡Š‹•–‘”‹…–‹‡•Ǥ‘”‡‘˜‡”ǡ–Š‡‹…”‘Ǧ‹ƒ‰‡•
•Š‘™ …Ž‘‰‰‹‰ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ˆ‹‡ „”ƒ…Š‡• ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‡†‹ƒŽ ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ …‹”…—ˆŽ‡š ƒ”–‡”› ƒ– –Š‡ –‹’ ‘ˆ –Š‡
‘•–‡‘‡…”‘–‹… œ‘‡Ǥ •–‡‘‡…”‘•‹• †—‡ –‘ ‹ˆƒ”…–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ’”‘š‹ƒŽ ˆ‡‘”ƒŽ ‡’‹’Š›•‹• ‹•
…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•–‹…‘ˆ•‹…Ž‡Ǧ…‡ŽŽ†‹•‡ƒ•‡Ǥ‡…ƒ—•‡•‹…Ž‡Ǧ…‡ŽŽ†‹•‡ƒ•‡‘ˆˆ‡”•’”‘–‡…–‹‘ƒ‰ƒ‹•–ƒŽƒ”‹ƒ
–”‘’‹…ƒǡ–Š‡‡ƒ”Ž‹‡•–Š—ƒƒ…‡•–‘”•—•–ƒŽ”‡ƒ†›Šƒ˜‡‡˜‘Ž˜‡†ƒ†ƒ’–ƒ–‹‘•ƒ‰ƒ‹•–Plasmodium
falciparum ‹ˆ‡…–‹‘•Ǥ ‘ˆƒ”ǡ ƒŽƒ”‹ƒ –”‘’‹…ƒ ™ƒ• –Š‘—‰Š– –‘ Šƒ˜‡‘”‹‰‹ƒ–‡† ‹ Š—ƒ• ƒ• –Š‡
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

31

”‡•—Ž– ‘ˆ ƒ …”‘••Ǧ•’‡…‹‡• –”ƒ•‹••‹‘ ‘ˆ Plasmodium ’ƒ”ƒ•‹–‡• ˆ”‘ ‰‘”‹ŽŽƒ• ˆ‘ŽŽ‘™‹‰
†‡ˆ‘”‡•–ƒ–‹‘ ƒ– –Š‡ ƒ‰”‹…—Ž–—”ƒŽ –”ƒ•‹–‹‘Ǥ ‡–ǡ ‘—” ˆ‹†‹‰• •—‰‰‡•– –Šƒ– –Š‡ ‘”‹‰‹ ‘ˆ ƒŽƒ”‹ƒ
†ƒ–‡•„ƒ…–‘–Š‡‡ƒ”Ž‹‡•––‹‡•‘ˆŠ—ƒ‡˜‘Ž—–‹‘Ǥ
‹ƒ…‹ƒŽ •—’’‘”–ǣ ™‹•• ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ …‹‡…‡ ‘—†ƒ–‹‘ ‰”ƒ–• ‘ ͵ͳͲͲ͵̴ͳͷ͸ʹͻͻȀͳ ƒ†
͵ͳͲͲ͵̴ͳ͹͸͵ͳͻǡ ‘—–Š ˆ”‹…ƒ ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ …‹‡…‡ ‘—†ƒ–‹‘ǡ ¡š‹ ‘—†ƒ–‹‘ǡ Ǥ Ǥ …Š—Ž–œ
‘—†ƒ–‹‘Ǥ

POSSIBLE CASE OF LEPROSY AND TUBERCULOSIS CO‐INFECTION FROM THE SARMATIAN
PERIOD (2ND‐5TH AD)
Tamás HAJDU, Antónia MARCSIK, Lucia HLAVENKOVÁ, Ivett KŐVÁRI, Kinga KARLINGER,
Zsuzsanna MÉSZÁROS KIS, Enikő ǡ –ƒŽ  ǡ ±ž”† Vǡ Ž‹˜‹ƒ  ǡ
‡†”ƒ ǡƒž• ǡƒ†‡—•œ ǡ‘   

ƒ•‡––Ž‡‡–’‹–ȋˆ‡ƒ–—”‡—„‡”ǣͻ͹ͺȌ–Š‡™‡ŽŽǦ’”‡•‡”˜‡†”‡ƒ‹•‘ˆƒƒ†—Ž–ˆ‡ƒŽ‡™‡”‡
—…‘˜‡”‡†ȋ‹˜‡–‘”›—„‡”ǣʹͲͲͺǤ͹Ǥͳͳ͸ǤȌǤ—”‹‰–Š‡’”‡Ž‹‹ƒ”›’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹•
‘ˆ–Š‡•‡Š—ƒ„‘‡•ǡ•‡”‹‘—•ƒŽ–‡”ƒ–‹‘•™‡”‡‘„•‡”˜‡†™‹–Š–™‘ƒ‹”‡‰‹‘•ǡƒ‡Ž›–Š‡•—ŽŽ
ƒ†–Š‡Ž—„ƒ”•’‹‡Ǥ
Š‡ …”ƒ‹ƒŽ ƒŽ–‡”ƒ–‹‘• ‹…Ž—†‡† –Š‡ ”‡•‘”’–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ƒ–‡”‹‘” ƒ•ƒŽ •’‹‡ǡ –Š‡ •‘‘–Š‹‰ ƒ†
‡Žƒ”‰‡‡–‘ˆ–Š‡ƒ”‰‹•‘ˆ’‹”‹ˆ‘”ƒ’‡”–—”‡ǡ–Š‡†‡ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡Ž‡ˆ–ƒ†ƒ–”‘’Š‹•ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ
–Š‡”‹‰Š–ƒ•ƒŽ„‘‡•ǡƒ†–Š‡”‡•‘”’–‹‘‘ˆƒŽ˜‡‘Žƒ”’”‘…‡••‘ˆƒš‹ŽŽƒ„‡–™‡‡’”‡‘Žƒ”•™‹–Š
’”‡‘”–‡–‘‘–ŠŽ‘••Ǥ
–Š‡Ž—„ƒ”•’‹‡ǡ–Š‡ˆ‘ŽŽ‘™‹‰™ƒ•‘„•‡”˜‡†ǣ˜‡”–‡„”ƒŽ…‘ŽŽƒ’•‡„‡–™‡‡ͳƒ†ͷǡ”‡•‘”’–‹‘
‘ˆ™Š‘Ž‡„‘†›‘ˆͶƒ†–Š‡ƒ‹’ƒ”–‘ˆ͵„‘†›ǡ–Š‡’ƒ”–‹ƒŽ…‘ŽŽƒ’•‡‘ˆʹ„‘†›ǡƒ…–‹˜‡’‡”‹‘•–‡ƒŽ
”‡ƒ…–‹‘„‡–™‡‡–Š‡ƒ–‡”‹‘”•—”ˆƒ…‡‘ˆ–Š‡„‘†‹‡•‘ˆʹƒ†ͷǤ
Š‡ –›’‹…ƒŽ „‘‡ …Šƒ‰‡• ‘ –Š‡ ˜‹•…‡”‘…”ƒ‹— ȋ”Š‹‘ƒš‹ŽŽƒ”› •›†”‘‡Ȍ ‘ˆ –Š‹• ƒ”ƒ–‹ƒ
ƒ†—Ž–ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•—‰‰‡•–‡†–Š‡’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆƒ•‡”‹‘—•Ž‡’”‘•›‹ˆ‡…–‹‘ǤŠ‡‘„•‡”˜‡†•’‹ƒŽŽ‡•‹‘•
”‡˜‡ƒŽ‡†’‘••‹„Ž‡ˆ‘…‹‘ˆƒ‘•–‡‘›‡Ž‹–‹…’”‘…‡••ȋ™‹–Šƒ’”‘„ƒ„Ž‡–—„‡”…—Ž‘–‹…‘”‹‰‹Ȍ„‡–™‡‡
–Š‡˜‡”–‡„”ƒŽ„‘†‹‡•‘ˆ͵ƒ†ͶǤ—”’ƒ’‡”’”‡•‡–•–Š‡”‡•—Ž–•‘ˆ–Š‡—Ž–‹†‹•…‹’Ž‹ƒ”›ȋƒ…”‘ǡ
‹…”‘•…‘’‹…ǡƒ”…Šƒ‡‘‰‡‡–‹…ƒ†”ƒ†‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ȌƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ–Š‹•—‹“—‡…ƒ•‡Ǥ
Š‹•”‡•‡ƒ”…Š™ƒ••—’’‘”–‡†„›–Š‡ƒŽ‡–ƒƒ‰‡‡–‘—…‹Žǡ–Š‡ ž‘•‘Ž›ƒ‹‡•‡ƒ”…Š
‡ŽŽ‘™•Š‹’‘ˆ–Š‡ —‰ƒ”‹ƒ…ƒ†‡›‘ˆ…‹‡…‡•ǡ–Š‡ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ‡•‡ƒ”…Šƒ† ‘˜ƒ–‹‘ˆˆ‹…‡
ȋ”‘ƒ–‹ƒǦ —‰ƒ”‹ƒ „‹Žƒ–‡”ƒŽ ”‡•‡ƒ”…Š ’”‘Œ‡…–ǣ 2̴ͳ͸ǦͳǦ ʹͲͳ͸ǦͲͲʹͲ ƒ†   ͳʹͶͻͶͶȌ ƒ†
‘–‹‡–ƒŽ—–‘‘–‹˜‡ —‰ƒ”›–†Ǥ

DISH AND DIET: STABLE LIGHT ISOTOPIC ANALYSIS ACROSS THREE SOUTH AFRICAN
SKELETAL POPULATIONS
ƒ…Š‡Ž ǤǤ 
ǡ
ƒ„”‹‡ŽŽ‡ Ǥ 
ǡ Šƒ”Ž‘––‡ Ǥ
Ǥ  ǡ ”‹…ƒ Ǥ ̵ǡ ƒ”›ƒ


Stable light isotope ratio analysis (δ15N and δ13C) was conducted on individuals diag‘•‡†™‹–Š
†‹ˆˆ—•‡‹†‹‘’ƒ–Š‹…•‡Ž‡–ƒŽŠ›’‡”‘•–‘•‹•ȋ  Ȍˆ”‘–Š”‡‡‘—–Šˆ”‹…ƒ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ…‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘•ǡ–‘
–‡•–ˆ‘”ƒ’‘••‹„Ž‡†‹‡–ƒ”›ƒ‡–‹‘Ž‘‰›ȋŠ‹‰Š…‘•—’–‹‘‘ˆƒ‹ƒŽ’”‘–‡‹ȌǤ‘‡•ƒ’Ž‡•™‡”‡
–ƒ‡ˆ”‘–Š‡”‹„ƒ†ˆ‡—”‘ˆ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•†‹ƒ‰‘•‡†™‹–Š  ȋαͳʹ͹Ȍƒ†…‘’ƒ”‡†–‘–Š‘•‡
‘ˆƒ…‘–”‘Ž‰”‘—’ȋαͳͲͺȌǤ †‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•‹–Š‡…‘–”‘Ž‰”‘—’™‡”‡…Š‘•‡–‘ƒ–…Š–Š‡„‹‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
’”‘ˆ‹Ž‡‘ˆ–Š‡  ‰”‘—’ƒ•…Ž‘•‡Ž›ƒ•’‘••‹„Ž‡ǡ–‘…‘–”‘Žˆ‘”†‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡•‹†‹‡–ƒ”›Šƒ„‹–•–Šƒ–
…‘—Ž†„‡Ž‹‡†–‘the biological profile. There was no significant difference in the δ13C or δ15N
˜ƒŽ—‡•„‡–™‡‡–Š‡”‹„ƒ†ˆ‡—”•ƒ’Ž‡•™‹–Š‹–Š‡  ‰”‘—’‘”™‹–Š‹–Š‡…‘–”‘Ž‰”‘—’‘”
„‡–™‡‡ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• †‹ƒ‰‘•‡† ™‹–Š    ƒ† –Š‡ …‘–”‘Ž ‰”‘—’Ǥ  •–ƒ–‹•–‹…ƒŽŽ› •‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ–
difference in δ13C and δ15N values were found between black and white South Africans (p
<0.001). The white group were more enriched in δ15N suggesting a diet higher in protein than
–Šƒ– ‘ˆ –Š‡ „Žƒ… ‰”‘—’Ǥ  •–ƒ–‹…ƒŽŽ› •‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ– †‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡ ™ƒ• ƒŽ•‘ ˆ‘—† „‡–™‡‡ –Š‡ ‹•‘–‘’‹…
˜ƒŽ—‡•‘ˆ„Žƒ…ƒ†…‘Ž‘—”‡†‘—–Šˆ”‹…ƒ•ȋ’δͲǤͲͳȌǤ•‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ–†‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡ȋ’δͲǤͲͷȌ‡š‹•–‡†
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

32

in the δ13Cˆ‡—”˜ƒŽ—‡•„‡–™‡‡—†‡”™‡‹‰Š–ƒ†‘˜‡”™‡‹‰Š–  ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•Ǥ•‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ–
†‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡ȋ’δͲǤͲͷȌ‡š‹•–‡†‹the δ15N”‹„˜ƒŽ—‡•„‡–™‡‡—†‡”™‡‹‰Š–ƒ†‘˜‡”™‡‹‰Š–  
individuals. There was a significant difference found in the δ13C and δ15N values of rib and femur
•ƒ’Ž‡• ‘ˆ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ™‹–Š‹ –Š‡    ƒ† …‘–”‘Ž ‰”‘—’• „‡–™‡‡ —†‡”™‡‹‰Š– „Žƒ… ƒ†
—†‡”™‡‹‰ht white South Africans. This excluded the δ15N”‹„ˆ”‘„‘–Š–Š‡…‘–”‘Žƒ†  
‰”‘—’•ǤŠ‡•‡”‡•—Ž–••—‰‰‡•––Šƒ––Š‡•‘…‹ƒŽƒ†‡…‘‘‹……‹”…—•–ƒ…‡•—‹“—‡–‘‘—–Šˆ”‹…ƒ
ƒ›„‡”‡•’‘•‹„Ž‡ˆ‘”–Š‡‘„•‡”˜‡††‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡•ǡ”ƒ–Š‡”–Šƒ  Ǥ
A BIOARCHAEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE ISLAMIC CEMETERY OF EL QUEZ, ALBERITE DE
SAN JUAN, ZARAGOZA, SPAIN
‹ƒ ǡ ‘‡ƒŽŽƒ…‡ 

Ž–Š‘—‰Š ‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡† ‹ ͳͻͻͲǡ –Š‡ •‡Ž‡–‘• ˆ”‘ –Š‡ •Žƒ‹… …‡‡–‡”› ‘ˆ Ž —‡œ ȋͳͳ–ŠǦͳʹ–Š
…‡–—”‹‡•ȌŠƒ˜‡‘Ž›„‡‡ƒƒŽ›•‡†”‡…‡–Ž›ƒ†Š‡”‡™‡ƒ”‡’”‡•‡–‹‰–Š‡ˆ‹”•–”‡•—Ž–•‘ˆ‘—”
•–—†›Ǥ Ž› ƒ ˆ‡™ •Žƒ‹… …‡‡–‡”‹‡• ƒ”‡ ‘™ ˆ”‘ –Š‡ „‡”‹ƒ ‡‹•—Žƒ ƒ† –Š‹•
„‹‘ƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹•™‹ŽŽƒ††–‘ƒ‰”‘™‹‰„‘†›‘ˆ”‡•‡ƒ”…Š–Šƒ–Šƒ•Žƒ”‰‡Ž›…‘…‡–”ƒ–‡†‘
•‘—–Š‡”’ƒ‹Ǥ–‘–ƒŽ‘ˆ͹ͷ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ˆ”‘Ž—‡œŠƒ˜‡„‡‡ƒ…”‘•…‘’‹…ƒŽŽ›ƒƒŽ›•‡†ǡ™‹–Š
ƒ†—Ž–•‘ˆƒŽŽƒ‰‡•ȋʹͷˆ‡ƒŽ‡•ǡ͵ͷƒŽ‡•ƒ†–™‘ƒ†—Ž–•‘ˆ—†‡–‡”‹‡†•‡šȌƒ†ˆ‡™‘Ǧƒ†—Ž–•
ȋαͳ͵Ȍ„‡‹‰’”‡•‡–Ǥˆ–Š‡ͳʹ‘Ǧƒ†—Ž–•™‹–Š’”‡•‡”˜‡†–‡‡–Šǡ‘Ž›–™‘ȋͳ͸Ǥ͹ΨȌŠƒ†‡˜‹†‡…‡
ˆ‘”…ƒ”‹‡•ǡ™Š‹Ž‡͸͸Ǥ͹ΨȋαͺȌŠƒ†Ž‹‡ƒ”‡ƒ‡ŽŠ›’‘’Žƒ•‹ƒȋ ȌǤŽŽͳͺˆ‡ƒŽ‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‹–Š
†‡–‹–‹‘•’”‡•‡–Šƒ† ǡ™Š‹Ž‡͹ȋ͵ͺǤͻΨȌŠƒ†…ƒ”‹‡•Ž‡•‹‘•ǤƒŽ‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ƒŽ•‘•Š‘™‡†Š‹‰Š
’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡”ƒ–‡•‘ˆ ȋͺͲǤͲΨǡʹͶ‘—–‘ˆ͵Ͳ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‹–Š–‡‡–Š’”‡•‡”˜‡†Ȍǡ„—–Šƒ†ƒŠ‹‰Š‡”
…ƒ”‹‡• ”ƒ–‡ ȋ͸ͲǤͲΨǡ ͳͺ ‘—– ‘ˆ ͵Ͳ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•Ȍ …‘’ƒ”‡† –‘ ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•Ǥ Š‡•‡ ”‡•—Ž–• ‹†‹…ƒ–‡
†‹ˆˆ‡”‡…‡• ‹ –Š‡ †‹‡– ‘ˆ ƒŽ‡• ƒ† ˆ‡ƒŽ‡• ƒ– Ž —‡œ ƒ† •–ƒ„Ž‡ ‹•‘–‘’‹… ”ƒ–‹‘• ȋ…ƒ”„‘ ƒ†
‹–”‘‰‡Ȍ •‡‡ –‘ …‘ˆ‹” –Š‹• ƒ••—’–‹‘Ǥ ‡™ ‘–Š‡” ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ Ž‡•‹‘• ™‡”‡ ‘„•‡”˜ƒ„Ž‡ǡ
ƒŽ–Š‘—‰Š –Š‹• ‹‰Š– „‡ †—‡ –‘ –Š‡ ‘†‡”ƒ–‡ –‘ ’‘‘” ’”‡•‡”˜ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ •‡Ž‡–‘•Ǥ ‹‘”
…‘‰‡‹–ƒŽ ƒ‘ƒŽ‹‡• •—…Š ƒ• …Ž‡ˆ– ‡—”ƒŽ ƒ”…Š‡• ƒ† –”ƒ•‹–‹‘ƒŽ ˜‡”–‡„”ƒ‡ ™‡”‡ ’”‡•‡– ƒ†
–Š”‡‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ȋ–™‘ˆ‡ƒŽ‡•ƒ†‘‡ƒŽ‡ȌŠƒ†Š‡ƒŽ‡†”‹„ˆ”ƒ…–—”‡•Ǥ ƒ††‹–‹‘ǡ–™‘ƒŽ‡•Šƒ†
•’‘†›Ž‘Ž›•‹•ǤŠ‡Š‹‰Š”ƒ–‡•‘ˆ ƒ•™‡ŽŽƒ•–Š‡’”‡•‡…‡‘ˆ—Ž–‹’Ž‡Š›’‘’Žƒ•–‹…Ž‹‡•‘–Š‡
•ƒ‡ –‘‘–Š ‹†‹…ƒ–‡ ”‡…—””‡– •–”‡•• ‡’‹•‘†‡• ƒ† ƒ––‡•– –‘ ’‘–‡–‹ƒŽ Š‡ƒŽ–Š ’”‘„Ž‡• †—”‹‰
…Š‹Ž†Š‘‘†ǡ„—–ˆ‡™‘–Š‡”‘Ǧ•’‡…‹ˆ‹…•–”‡••‹†‹…ƒ–‘”•™‡”‡ˆ‘—†Ǥ—””‡•—Ž–•™‹ŽŽ„‡‹–‡”’”‡–‡†
™‹–Š‹–Š‡…—Ž–—”ƒŽ…‘–‡š–‘ˆ–Š‡–‹‡’‡”‹‘†ƒ†…‘’ƒ”‡†–‘‘–Š‡” •Žƒ‹……‡‡–‡”‹‡•‹’ƒ‹Ǥ

PALEOPATHOLOGICAL PIECES: EVALUATING HEALTH FROM COMMINGLED BYZANTINE
MONASTIC SKELETAL REMAINS AT MOUNT NEBO, JORDAN
ƒ”‰ƒ”‡– 

Š‡…‘—ƒŽƒ–—”‡‘ˆƒ”Ž›Š”‹•–‹ƒ‘ƒ•–‹…‹•™ƒ•–”ƒ•ˆ‡””‡†–‘ˆ—‡”ƒ”›’”ƒ…–‹…‡•ǡ•‘
–Šƒ–‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ‹†‡–‹–›”‡ƒ‹‡†„Ž—””‡†‹†‡ƒ–Šƒ•‹Ž‹ˆ‡„›…‘‹‰Ž‡†ƒ†„”‘‡„‘†‹‡•Ǥ
‘‡‡ƒ”Ž›‘ƒ•–‡”‹‡•™‡”‡„‡Ž‹‡˜‡†–‘•‡”˜‡ƒ•Š‘•’‹–ƒŽ•–‘–”ƒ˜‡Ž‡”•–”ƒ˜‡”•‹‰–Š‡’‹Ž‰”‹ƒ‰‡
Š‹‰Š™ƒ›ƒ•™‡ŽŽƒ•Ž‘…ƒŽ•™Š‘‹‰Š–”‡“—‹”‡‡š–‡•‹˜‡…ƒ”‡Ǥ ‡”‡ǡ–Š‡Š›’‘–Š‡•‹•‹•–‡•–‡†–Šƒ––Š‡
‘ƒ•–‡”› ƒ– ‘—– ‡„‘ ȋ…ƒǤ  ͶͻͳǦ͸ͶͲȌ ™ƒ• ƒ †‡•–‹ƒ–‹‘ ˆ‘” Š‡ƒŽ‹‰ –Š‡ ‹† ƒ† •‘—Žǡ
‘ˆˆ‡”‹‰Ž‘‰–‡”‘”’‡”ƒ‡–…ƒ”‡‹…‘’ƒ”‹•‘–‘–Š‡‘–Š‡”…‘–‡’‘”ƒ”›‘ƒ•–‹…•‹–‡•Ǥ
Š‡ …‘‹‰Ž‡† •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹• ˆ”‘ ‘—– ‡„‘ ȋα͹͵ ƒ†—Ž–•Ȍ ™‡”‡ ƒ••‡••‡† ™‹–Šǣ ͳȌ –Š‡
…‘‹‰Ž‡† •‡Ž‡–ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹• ˆ”‘ ŠƒǦ‡ŽǦŠƒ” ȋαͳͳ͹Ȍ ‹ –Š‡ —†‡ƒ ‡•‡”–ǡ ƒ† ʹȌ –Š‡
predominantly single interments from the Sanctuary of Agios Lot at Deir ‘Ain ‘Abata (n=27) near
–Š‡‡ƒ†‡ƒǤ‹–Šˆ‡™‡š…‡’–‹‘•ǡƒŽŽ™‡”‡ƒŽ‡Ǣ‘•–‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‡”‡‡•–‹ƒ–‡†–‘„‡͵ͷǦͷͲ
›‡ƒ”• ‘Ž†Ǥ ƒ–ƒ ™‡”‡ ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„Ž‡ ˆ‘” –”ƒ—ƒǡ †‡–ƒŽ ƒ† Œ‘‹– †‹•‡ƒ•‡ǡ ‘•–‡‘’‡”‹‘•–‹–‹•ǡ cribra
orbitalia ƒ† ’‘”‘–‹… Š›’‡”‘•–‘•‹•Ǥ ‡–ƒŽ †‹•‡ƒ•‡ ™ƒ• ’”‡˜ƒŽ‡– ƒ– „ƒ–ƒ ƒ† Šƒ” ™Š‡
…‘’ƒ”‡† –‘ ‘—– ‡„‘ǡ ™Š‹Ž‡ ‹Œ—”› ™ƒ• •‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ–Ž› ‰”‡ƒ–‡” ƒ– ‘—– ‡„‘Ǥ ˜‡”ƒŽŽǡ Ž‡••
’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›™ƒ•‘„•‡”˜‡†ƒ‘‰–Š‡Šƒ”‰”‘—’ǡ™Š‹Ž‡–Š‡†‹•‡ƒ•‡’”‘ˆ‹Ž‡™ƒ••‹‹Žƒ”ˆ‘”‘—–
‡„‘ƒ†„ƒ–ƒǤ‘‡˜‹†‡…‡‘ˆ‹ˆ‡…–‹‘—•†‹•‡ƒ•‡’ƒ––‡”‹‰ȋ‡Ǥ‰ǤǡŽ‡’”‘•›‘”–—„‡”…—Ž‘•‹•Ȍ™ƒ•
BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

33

‘„•‡”˜‡†ƒ‘‰ƒ›‰”‘—’•ǤŠ‡‹ˆ”‡“—‡–’ƒŽ‡‘’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰›ƒ–Šƒ”•—‰‰‡•–•–Šƒ––Š‡ —†‡ƒ
‡•‡”– ‘ƒ•–‡”› †‹† ‘– ƒ––”ƒ…– ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ™‹–Š Ž‘‰Ǧ–‡” Š‡ƒŽ–Š …ƒ”‡ ‡‡†•Ǥ  …‘–”ƒ•–ǡ
‘”†ƒ‹ƒ‘ƒ•–‡”‹‡•ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡†™‹–Š•…”‹’–—”ƒŽ‡˜‡–•‘”’‡”•‘ƒŽ‹–‹‡•ǡ‘–ƒ„Ž›‘•‡•ƒ–‘—–
‡„‘ǡ •—‰‰‡•–• –Šƒ– –Š‡•‡ Ž‘…ƒ–‹‘• ˆƒ…‹Ž‹–ƒ–‡† ‘”‡ ’‡”ƒ‡– ’Š›•‹…ƒŽ Š‡ƒŽ‹‰ ’”‘…‡••‡•ǡ ‹
ƒ††‹–‹‘–‘•’‹”‹–—ƒŽ“—‡•–•Ǥ

ČERINA‐JOSIPOVAC CEMETERY ‐ BIOARCHAEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF NEWLY FOUND
CEMETERY NEXT TO OSIJEK, EASTERN CROATIA
Marijana JUKIĆ

Site of ČerinaǦ ‘•‹’‘˜ƒ… ‹• Ž‘…ƒ–‡† ‡š– –‘ …‹–› ‘ˆ •‹Œ‡ ‹ ‡ƒ•–‡” ’ƒ”– ‘ˆ ”‘ƒ–‹ƒ ƒ† ‹– ™ƒ•
‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡†ƒ•’ƒ”–‘ˆ”‡•…—‡‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘†—”‹‰‹‹–‹ƒŽ’Šƒ•‡‘ˆ‡ƒ•–‡”—”‘’‡ƒǦͷ‘–‘”™ƒ›
…‘””‹†‘” …‘•–”—…–‹‘Ǥ —”‹‰ –Šƒ– ‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‹‘ Œ—•– ‘‡ –Š‹”† ‘ˆ –‘–ƒŽ •‹œ‡ ‘ˆ …‡‡–‡”› ™ƒ•
‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‡† ™‹–Š –‘–ƒŽ ‘ˆ ʹͻͳ ‰”ƒ˜‡• ™‹–Š Š—ƒ ‘•–‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ ”‡ƒ‹•Ǥ ‹ ‘ˆ –Š‹• ™‘” ‹• –‘
”‡…‘•–”—…–Ž‹ˆ‡…‘†‹–‹‘•ǡŠ‡ƒŽ–Šǡ•‹…‡••‡•ƒ††‡ƒ–Š‘ˆ–Š‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•‘……—’›‹‰–Š‹•‡†‹‡˜ƒŽ
•‹–‡Ǥ ……‘”†‹‰ –‘ –Š‡ ‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘ ’”‘˜‹†‡† „› ‡š…ƒ˜ƒ–‘”•ǡ ‘……—’ƒ–‹‘ ‘ˆ –Š‡ …‡‡–‡”› …ƒ „‡
†ƒ–‡†ˆ‘”„‡‰‹‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡ͳ͵–Š…‡–—”›–‘–Š‡‹††Ž‡‘”–Š‡‡†‘ˆͳ͸–Š‡…‡–—”›Ǥ”…Š‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ
ˆ‹†•™‹–‡••ƒ„‘—–†‘‡•–‹…’‡‘’Ž‡Ž‹˜‹‰‹–Šƒ–ƒ”‡ƒ™‹–Š‘—–‹š‹‰™‹–Š––‘ƒ‹˜ƒ†‡”•Ǥ
ƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ‘•–‡‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ™‹ŽŽ‰‹˜‡‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘ƒ„‘—–‡˜‡”›†ƒ›Ž‹ˆ‡ǡŠ‡ƒŽ–Š•–ƒ–—•ƒ††‡ƒ–Š
‘ˆ –Š‡ ‡™Ž› ˆ‘—† ’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ ™Š‹…Š Ž‹˜‡† ‹ …‘–‹‡–ƒŽ ”‘ƒ–‹ƒ †—”‹‰ ‹–• ‘……—’ƒ–‹‘ „› –Š‡
––‘ƒ ’‹”‡ ™Š‹…Š Žƒ•–‡† –‹ŽŽ ‹††Ž‡ ‘ˆ ͳ͸–Š …‡–—”›Ǥ ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘ ƒ„‘—– –Š‹• •‹–‡ ƒ”‡
’ƒ”–‹…—Žƒ”Ž›‹–‡resting because site of ČerinaǦ ‘•‹’‘˜ƒ…™ƒ•—‘™–‘”‘ƒ–‹ƒƒ”…Šƒ‡‘Ž‘‰›–‹ŽŽ
‘™ƒ†–Š‡”‡‹•˜‡”›Ž‹––Ž‡Š‹•–‘”‹…ƒŽ‹ˆ‘”ƒ–‹‘ƒ„‘—–‹–‹‰‡‡”ƒŽǤ


I DON’T GET THIS HOLE‐THING ‐ AN ATTEMPT OF STATISTICAL ANALYSIS TO DECIPHER
THE INDICATION OF SURGICAL TREPANATIONS
‹––› ǡ
”±–ƒǡž–›ž•ǡ‘Ž–ž 2ǡ”‹ƒǡ
›Ú”‰› ǡ•‘Ž–
 

—”‰‹…ƒŽ–”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘ƒ›Šƒ˜‡„‡‡ƒ’’Ž‹‡†ˆ‘”˜ƒ”‹‘—•”‡ƒ•‘•‹ƒ…‹‡–’‘’—Žƒ–‹‘•ǤŠ‹•’ƒ’‡”
‹–”‘†—…‡•ƒƒ––‡’––‘…‘‡…–•—”‰‹…ƒŽ–”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘•ƒ††‹ˆˆ‡”‡–’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ•›’–‘•—•‹‰
ƒ•‹’Ž‡•–ƒ–‹•–‹…ƒŽƒ’’”‘ƒ…Š‹‘”†‡”–‘’”‘˜‹†‡„‡––‡”—†‡”•–ƒ†‹‰‘ˆ–Š‡‹†‹…ƒ–‹‘•‘ˆ…”ƒ‹ƒŽ
‹–‡”˜‡–‹‘•Ǥ
—”’”‡Ž‹‹ƒ”›‘„•‡”˜ƒ–‹‘•™‡”‡ƒ†‡‹ƒ…‘’‘•‹–‡•ƒ’Ž‡‘ˆ”‘œ‡‰‡ǡ˜ƒ”ȋ͸–ŠǦͻ–Š…Ǥ
Ȍƒ†‘“—‡•–‡”‹‘†ȋͻ–ŠǦͳͳ–Š…ǤȌ•‡Ž‡–ƒŽ•‡”‹‡•ȋͳʹ͹‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ǡ‘–”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘Ȍǡƒ†ƒ
•ƒ’Ž‡ ‘ˆ –”‡’Š‹‡† ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ• ˆ”‘ –Š‡ •ƒ‡ ’‡”‹‘†• ȋʹ͵ ‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•ȌǤ ‡ Šƒ˜‡ ‘„•‡”˜‡†
’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡ ”ƒ–‡• ‘ˆ …‡”–ƒ‹ ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽ •›’–‘• ‹ „‘–Š ‰”‘—’• ƒ† ’‡”ˆ‘”‡† •–ƒ–‹•–‹…ƒŽ
analysis of the data (χ2Ǧ–‡•–•ǡ‡–…Ǥǡ –ƒ–‹•–‹…•ʹͳȌǤ‡’”‡•—‡–Šƒ––”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘‹•‘”‡
ˆ”‡“—‡–ƒ‘‰‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ•™‹–Š‘”‡ƒ…–‹˜‡Ž‹ˆ‡•–›Ž‡–Šƒ–Š‡‹”’‡‡”•ǡ–Š‡”‡ˆ‘”‡‘–Š‡”ƒ…–‹˜‹–›Ǧ
ƒ”‡”• ™‹ŽŽ ƒŽ•‘ •Š‘™ Š‹‰Š‡” ’”‡˜ƒŽ‡…‡ ‹ –Š‡‹” ”‡ƒ‹• „‡•‹†‡• …”ƒ‹ƒŽ ‹Œ—”‹‡•Ǥ ‡ ƒŽ•‘
’”‡•‡– ƒ ‡™ …ƒ•‡ ‘ˆ –”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘ ˆ‘—† †—”‹‰ –Š‡ …‘—”•‡ ‘ˆ –Š‡ ‹˜‡•–‹‰ƒ–‹‘ǡ •Š‘™‹‰ ƒ
’”‡’ƒ”ƒ–‹‘‡–Š‘†—…‘‘‹–Š‡ —‰ƒ”‹ƒƒ–‡”‹ƒŽǤ
—””‡•—Ž–•‹’Ž›–Šƒ–‡˜‡–Š‘—‰Š•–ƒ–‹•–‹…ƒŽƒƒŽ›•‹•‘ˆ’ƒ–Š‘Ž‘‰‹…ƒŽˆ‡ƒ–—”‡•ƒ›‘ˆ–‡„‡„‹ƒ•‡†
†—‡–Š‡’”‘„Ž‡•‘ˆ‘„•‡”˜ƒ–‹‘‹••—‡•ƒ††‹ƒ‰‘•–‹…ƒŽ†‹ˆˆ‹…—Ž–‹‡•ǡ„—––Š‹•ƒ’’”‘ƒ…Šƒ›•–‹ŽŽ
’”‘˜‹†‡ƒ—•‡ˆ—Ž‹•‹‰Š–‹–‘–Š‡‹†‹…ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ…‡”–ƒ‹‹–‡”˜‡–‹‘•Ǥ”‡’Š‹‡†‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ••‡‡
–‘ •Š‘™ ‘”‡ •‹‰• ‘ˆ ƒ…–‹˜‹–›Ǧ†‡’‡†‡– ˆ‡ƒ–—”‡•ǡ –Š—• –Š‡› …ƒ „‡ ’‡”…‡‹˜‡† ƒ• ‘”‡ ƒ…–‹˜‡
‡„‡”•‘ˆ–Š‡…‘—‹–›ǤŠ‹•‹†‹”‡…–Ž›‹’Ž‹‡•–Šƒ––”‡’ƒƒ–‹‘‹‰Š–Šƒ˜‡„‡‡ƒ’’Ž‹‡†ƒ•ƒ
–”ƒ—ƒǦ…‘””‡…–‹‘ ‡†‹…ƒŽ ‹–‡”˜‡–‹‘ ‹ ‘•– …ƒ•‡•ǡ ƒ† ™ƒ• ‘– ƒ ”‹–—ƒŽ ‹–‡”˜‡–‹‘ǡ ‘” ƒ
‡ƒ•—”‡–ƒ‡ƒ‰ƒ‹•–Š‹‰Š‹–”ƒ…”ƒ‹ƒŽ’”‡••—”‡Ǧ”‡Žƒ–‡†Š‡ƒ†ƒ…Š‡•Ǥ –Š‡ˆ—–—”‡™‡—•–ƒ‡
‘”‡ ‡ˆˆ‘”–• –‘ •–ƒ†ƒ”†‹œ‡ –Š‡ ‘„•‡”˜ƒ–‹‘ •…Š‡‡ ƒ† ‡Žƒ”‰‡ –Š‡ •ƒ’Ž‡ •‹œ‡ ƒ• —…Š ƒ•
’‘••‹„Ž‡Ǥ

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

34


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