PDF Archive

Easily share your PDF documents with your contacts, on the Web and Social Networks.

Send a file File manager PDF Toolbox Search Help Contact



1995 FORD EXPLORER Service Repair Manual .pdf



Original filename: 1995 FORD EXPLORER Service Repair Manual.pdf

This PDF 1.6 document has been generated by PScript5.dll Version 5.2.2 / Acrobat Distiller 8.1.0 (Windows), and has been sent on pdf-archive.com on 23/12/2018 at 14:11, from IP address 45.41.x.x. The current document download page has been viewed 47 times.
File size: 1.4 MB (62 pages).
Privacy: public file




Download original PDF file









Document preview


1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

1998-99 DRIVE AXLES
Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

DESCRIPTION
WARNING: On vehicles with air suspension, power to air suspension must be shut
off before hoisting, jacking or towing. Failure to do so can result in
unexpected inflation or deflation of air suspension, which can result in
shifting of vehicle during servicing.
Dana model 35 front axle is an integral carrier housing. See Fig. 2 . Axle housing is made of aluminum and is
mounted to subframe assembly. Drive pinion depth and differential side bearing preload are set by use of shims.
Pinion bearing preload is set by use of collapsible pinion spacer.

AXLE RATIO & IDENTIFICATION
Axle can be identified by axle code on Safety Certification Label on left door pillar. Also, a metal identification
tag, stamped with gear ratio and diameter, is attached to axle housing. See Fig. 1 . Limited-slip differential is
identified by "L" on tag.

Fig. 1: Identifying Axle Tag Information
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:34
10:45:31 AM

Page 1

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fig. 2: Exploded View Of Front Axle Housing Assembly (Typical)
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

LUBRICATION
Capacity is 3.25 Pts. (1.54L) of Motorcraft SAE 80W90 Thermally Stable 4X4 Axle Lubricant (XL-80W90QL). Capacities listed are approximate. Fill differential until fluid level is about 1/4" below bottom of filler plug
hole.

TROUBLE SHOOTING
NOTE:

See appropriate table in TROUBLE SHOOTING article in GENERAL
INFORMATION.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
WARNING: On vehicles with air suspension, power to air suspension must be shut
off before hoisting, jacking or towing. Failure to do so can result in
unexpected inflation or deflation of air suspension, which can result in
shifting of vehicle during servicing.
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 2

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

AXLE SHAFT, BEARING & OIL SEAL
Removal

Remove right axle shaft. See 4WD AXLE SHAFTS - FRONT - EXPLORER, MOUNTAINEER & RANGER
article. Remove axle from axle housing. Using Converter Seal Remover (T94P-77001-BH) and slide hammer,
remove axle tube seal. Using Bearing Remover (T94P-77001-KH) and slide hammer, remove axle tube bearing.
Installation

1. Ensure bearing bore is clean and undamaged. Using Bearing Installer (T95T-1175-D) and Driver Handle
(T80T-4000-W), install bearing in axle tube, .88" (44.5 mm) below outer lip of axle tube. Coat lip of seal
with multipurpose grease. Using Seal Installer (T95T-3010-A) and Driver Handle (T80T-4000-W), install
axle tube seal.
2. To complete installation, reverse removal procedure. Tighten all nuts and bolts or specification. See
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Fill differential with proper lubricant until fluid level is about 1/4"
below bottom of filler plug hole. See LUBRICATION .
AXLE HOUSING ASSEMBLY
Removal & Installation

1. Raise and support vehicle. Remove both front axle shafts. See 4WD AXLE SHAFTS - FRONT EXPLORER, MOUNTAINEER & RANGER article. Scribe alignment marks on drive shaft and pinion
flange for installation reference. Remove driveshaft-to-pinion flange bolts, and wire drive shaft aside.
2. Disconnect axle housing vent hose. Using a suitable jack, support axle housing, and secure axle housing
to jack. Remove 3 front axle housing-to-frame nuts and bolts. Lower floor jack, and remove axle housing
assembly.
3. To install, reverse removal procedure. Tighten all nuts and bolts to specification. See TORQUE
SPECIFICATIONS . Fill differential with proper lubricant until fluid level is about 1/4" below bottom
of filler plug hole. See LUBRICATION .
PINION FLANGE & OIL SEAL
NOTE:

Pinion flange and oil seal replacement affects bearing preload. Preload must be
carefully reset during reassembly.

Removal

1. Raise and support vehicle. Scribe alignment marks on drive shaft and pinion flange for installation
reference. Remove driveshaft-to-pinion flange bolts, and wire drive shaft aside. Using an INCH-lb. torque
wrench, measure and record torque required to rotate pinion through several revolutions.
2. Hold pinion flange and remove pinion nut. Scribe index marks on pinion flange and pinion stem for
installation reference. Remove pinion flange. Using Converter Seal Remover (T94P-77001-BH) and slide
hammer, remove pinion seal.
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 3

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Installation

NOTE:

If oil seal becomes cocked during installation, remove seal and install NEW oil
seal.

1. Ensure pinion shaft splines are free of burrs. Remove burrs with fine crocus cloth if necessary. Lubricate
area between oil seal lip. Using Pinion Oil Seal Replacer (T79P-4676-A), install oil seal into axle
housing.
2. Align marks on pinion flange and pinion stem. Apply a small amount of lubricant to pinion flange
splines. Install pinion flange and NEW pinion nut. Hold pinion flange, and gradually tighten nut while
rotating pinion.
NOTE:

If desired preload is exceeded, a NEW collapsible spacer must be
installed. Tighten nut to obtain proper preload.

3. Check pinion bearing preload often, until correct preload is obtained. DO NOT back off pinion nut to
reduce preload. See DIFFERENTIAL SPECIFICATIONS . Connect rear end of drive shaft to pinion
flange, aligning scribed marks.
4. Apply locking compound to drive shaft bolt threads and tighten bolts to specification. See TORQUE
SPECIFICATIONS . Fill differential with proper lubricant until fluid level is about 1/4" below bottom
of filler plug hole. See LUBRICATION .

OVERHAUL
DISASSEMBLY
1. Remove axle housing. See AXLE HOUSING ASSEMBLY under REMOVAL & INSTALLATION.
Mount axle housing in Holding Fixture (T57L-500-B) using Adapters (T90T-4000-A) and Spacer (T80T4000-B2). Remove housing cover, and drain differential fluid.
2. Remove axle shaft from axle housing. Using Converter Seal Remover (T94P-77001-BH) and slide
hammer, remove right and left axle tube seal. Using Bearing Remover (T94P-77001-KH) and slide
hammer, remove right and left axle tube bearings (if necessary).
3. Note matched numbers or letters on differential bearing caps and carrier for reassembly reference.
Remove bearing caps. Install Housing Spreader Adapter Set (T90T-4000-A) and Differential Housing
Spreader (TOOL-4000-E). See Fig. 3 . Mount dial indicator onto axle housing to measure amount of
spread.
CAUTION: DO NOT spread carrier housing more than .030" (.76 mm), since
permanent damage to housing could result.
4. Spread axle housing to .020" (.51 mm). Remove dial indicator. Carefully pry differential assembly out of
housing. Remove spreader immediately so housing does not permanently distort. Remove and tag side
bearing races to indicate from which side of carrier they were removed.
5. Turn nose of axle housing up. Using an INCH lbs. torque wrench, measure and record pinion bearing
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 4

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

preload. Hold pinion flange and remove pinion nut. Scribe index marks on pinion flange and pinion stem
for installation reference. Remove pinion flange. Using Converter Seal Remover (T94P-77001-BH) and
slide hammer, remove pinion seal.
6. Remove drive pinion by tapping with soft-face mallet. Remove outer pinion bearing and oil slinger. Drive
out inner and outer drive pinion bearing race using Pinion Bearing Race Remover (T86T-4628-BH) and
Driver Handle (T80T-4000-W). Press pinion bearing off pinion. Measure and record inner pinion bearing
shim thickness.
7. Place differential case into vise, with rags underneath to protect ring gear. Remove and discard ring gear
bolts. Tap ring gear with soft-face mallet to remove ring gear from case. Using drift and hammer, drive
out pinion shaft lock pin. Remove pinion shaft.
8. Rotate side gears until pinion gears are aligned with case opening. Remove pinion gears and thrust
washers. Remove side gears with thrust washers. Using universal bearing remover, remove inner pinion
bearing and oil slinger from drive pinion.

Fig. 3: Spreading Axle Housing
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
CLEANING & INSPECTION
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 5

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

1. Clean all components in solvent. Allow bearings to air dry. Inspect all machined surfaces for smoothness
or raised edges. Inspect all gear teeth for wear or chipping, and replace as necessary.
2. Check all bearings and races for nicks, roller end wear, grooves or damage. Replace as needed. Check
pinion flange for wear in sealing area and replace as necessary.
3. Check differential pinion shaft, pinion gears, side gears and thrust washers for wear or damage. Replace
all defective parts. Replace pinion gear and ring gear as a set.
REASSEMBLY
1. Install thurst washers onto differential side gears. Install differential side greas into differential housing.
Install trurst washer and pinion gear into differential case. Install pinion shaft. Install pinion shaft roll pin.
2. Using Pinion Bearing Cup Replacer (T67P-4616-A), install pinion bearing cups. If using old ring and
pinion gear set, go to next step. If using new ring and pinion gear set, go to step 8 .
3. Apply a light film of oil to pinion bearing. Assemble Pinion Depth Gauge (T79P-4020-A). Install
aligning adapter, gauge disc and screw. Place rear pinion bearing over aligning adapter and into bearing
cup of carrier housing. See Fig. 4 .
4. Install front pinion bearing into front bearing cup. Place handle onto screw and tighten to 20 INCH lbs.
(2.25 N.m). See Fig. 5 . Ensure pinion depth measuring tool is properly installed and tightened.
5. Rotate gauge block several times to seat bearings. Rotational torque on gauge block assembly should be
20 INCH lbs. (2.25 N.m) with new bearings. Final position of gauge block should be 45 degrees above
axle shaft center line. See Fig. 6 .
6. Clean differential bearing bores thoroughly, and install gauge tube. Tighten differential bearing cap bolts
to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Use flat pinion shims as a gauge for shim
selection. Hold gauge block in proper position, and measure clearance between gauge block and tube.
7. Correct shim selection is accomplished when a slight drag is felt as shim is drawn between gauge block
and tube. Shims are available in various thicknesses. Install correct shim on pinion for reassembly. Pinion
bearings must be installed in the same location as during pinion depth measurement. Remove measuring
equipment and go to step 9 .
8. Notice the plus (+), minus (-) or zero (0) etching on both old and new pinion and adjust thickness of new
shim according to charts in illustration. See Fig. 7 . Go to next step.
NOTE:

If oil seal becomes cocked during installation, remove seal and install
NEW oil seal.

9. Place pinion shim previously determine on pinion shaft and press on inner pinion bearing. Place NEW
collapsible spacer on pinion shaft. Install outer pinion bearing and oil slinger in axle housing. Using
Pinion Oil Seal Replacer (T79P-4676-A), install oil seal into axle housing.
10. Position pinion gear in axle housing. Align marks on pinion flange and pinion stem. Apply a small
amount of lubricant to pinion flange splines. Install pinion flange and NEW pinion nut. Hold pinion
flange, and gradually tighten nut while rotating pinion.
NOTE:

If desired preload is exceeded, a NEW collapsible spacer must be
installed. Tighten nut to obtain proper preload.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 6

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

11. Check pinion bearing preload often, until correct preload is obtained. DO NOT back off pinion nut to
reduce preload. See DIFFERENTIAL SPECIFICATIONS . Remove differential bearing and install
Right Master Bearing (T93P-4222-B) and Left Master Bearing (T93P-4222-A) on differential housing.
12. Insert differential and master bearings into axle housing. Position dial indicator to outside mounting hole.
Position indicator tip on machined surface of differential case flange. Adjust dial indicator to measure full
travel. Push differential case left and right as far as possible. Measure total end play and record on Line-A
of differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet. See Fig. 9 .
13. Remove differential case from carrier to install ring gear. Ensure ring is free of any nicks or burrs. Press
ring gear onto case, and tighten bolts to correct torque. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Install
differential case with master bearings into axle housing.
14. With dial indicator in place, push ring gear to mesh with pinion gear. Rock ring gear to allow full mesh
with pinion gear. Zero dial indicator. Move ring gear away from pinion gear as much as possible. Record
measurement on Line-B of differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet. Remove differential
from housing, and remove master bearing from carrier assembly.
15. Identify and mark right and left bearing for installation reference. Clamp Bearing Preload Tool (T93P4220-AR) base in a soft-jaw vise. Keep bearing mounting surface above vise jaws. Position bearing
assembly on bearing preload tool base, and tighten tool bolt to 20 INCH lbs. (2.3 N.m). See Fig. 8 .
16. Invert preload tool and clamp bolt head in vise. Position depth micrometer over top of bearing. With
depth micrometer positioned on bearing cone, measure height of each individual bearing assembly.
Measure distance from bearing cone to bearing preload tool disc. Record both bearing measurements on
Line-D on differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet.
17. Select appropriate bearing shims using differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet. See Fig.
9 . For correct shim, see DIFFERENTIAL SHIM SIZE table.
18. Remove master bearing from carrier, and press appropriate differential bearing on appropriate side of
differential case. Tighten housing spreader so dial indicator reads .030" (.762 mm). Install selected shims.
19. Install differential assembly in axle housing. Install and tighten bearing caps to specification with housing
spreader still installed. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Loosen and remove spreader. Move dial
indicator base and mount in line with ring gear.
20. Mount dial indicator, and zero indicator on any ring gear drive tooth. See Fig. 10 . Turn ring gear without
turning pinion gear to measure backlash. Preferred backlash is .005-008" (.127-.203 mm).
21. If backlash is not to specification, adjust backlash by increasing thickness of one shim and decreasing
thickness of other shim by same amount. See RING GEAR BACKLASH-TO-SHIM THICKNESS
CONVERSION table. See Fig. 11 .
22. To complete assembly, reverse disassembly procedure. Tighten all nuts and bolts to specification. See
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Fill differential with proper lubricant until fluid level is about 1/4"
below bottom of filler plug hole. See LUBRICATION .
DIFFERENTIAL SHIM SIZE
Color
No. Of Stripes
Red
1
Red
2
Orange
1
Orange
2

Shim Thickness - In. (mm)
.2410-.2415 (6.121-6.134)
.2430-.2435 (6.172-6.185)
.2450-.2455 (6.223-6.236)
.2470-.2475 (6.274-6.287)

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 7

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Orange
Orange
Orange
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
White
White
White
White
White
Green
Green
Green
Green
Green
Pink
Pink
Pink
Pink
Pink
Blue
Blue
Blue
Blue
Gray
Gray

3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
2
3
4
5
1
2

.2490-.2495 (6.325-6.337)
.2510-.2515 (6.375-6.388)
.2530-.2535 (6.426-6.439)
.2550-.2555 (6.477-6.490)
.2570-.2575 (6.528-6.541)
.2590-.2595 (6.579-6.591)
.2610-.2615 (6.629-6.642)
.2630-.2635 (6.680-6.693)
.2650-.2655 (6.731-6.744)
.2670-.2675 (6.782-6.795)
.2690-.2695 (6.833-6.845)
.2710-.2715 (6.883-6.896)
.2730-.2735 (6.934-6.947)
.2750-.2755 (6.985-6.998)
.2770-.2775 (7.036-7.049)
.2790-.2795 (7.087-7.099)
.2810-.2815 (7.137-7.150)
.2830-.2835 (7.188-7.201)
.2850-.2855 (7.239-7.252)
.2870-.2875 (7.290-7.303)
.2890-.2895 (7.341-7.353)
.2910-.2915 (7.391-7.404)
.2930-.2935 (7.442-7.455)
.2970-.2975 (7.544-7.557)
.2990-.2995 (7.595-7.607)
.3010-.3015 (7.645-7.658)
.3030-.3035 (7.696-7.709)
.3050-.3055 (7.747-7.760)
.3070-.3075 (7.798-7.811)

RING GEAR BACKLASH-TO-SHIM THICKNESS CONVERSION
Required Change In Backlash - In. (mm)
Required Change In Shim Thickness - In. (mm)
.001 (.03)
.002 (.05)
.002 (.05)
.002 (.05)
.003 (.08)
.004 (.10)
.004 (.10)
.006 (.15)
.005 (.13)
.006 (.15)
.006 (.15)
.008 (.20)
.007 (.18)
.010 (.25)
.008 (.20)
.010 (.25)
.009 (.23)
.012 (.30)
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 8

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

.010 (.25)
.011 (.28)
.012 (.30)
.013 (.33)
.014 (.36)
.015 (.38)

.014 (.36)
.014 (.36)
.016 (.41)
.018 (.46)
.018 (.46)
.020 (.51)

Fig. 4: Assembling Pinion Depth Gauge
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 9

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fig. 5: Installing Pinion Depth Gauge
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 10

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fig. 6: Final Position Of Pinion Depth Gauge
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 11

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fig. 7: Pinion Depth Shim Adjustment Charts
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 12

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fig. 8: Positioning Bearing Preload Tool
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 13

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fig. 9: Differential Bearing Shim Selection Procedure Work Sheet
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 14

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fig. 10: Checking Ring Gear Backlash
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 15

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fig. 11: Adjusting Ring Gear Backlash
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

DIFFERENTIAL SPECIFICATIONS
AXLE ASSEMBLY SPECIFICATIONS
Application
Ring Gear-To-Pinion Backlash

In. (mm)
.005-.008 (.13-.20)

(1)

INCH Lbs. (N.m)
Drive Pinion Bearing Preload
New Bearings
15-35 (1.7-4.0)
Used Bearings
8-14 (.9-1.6)
(1) Maximum backlash variation between 3 equally spaced check points is .003" (.08 mm).

TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
Application
Drive Shaft Bolt

Ft. Lbs. (N.m)
11-15 (15-20)

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:31 AM

Page 16

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 DRIVE AXLES Differentials - Front - Dana 35 - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Front Axle Housing-To-Frame Bolt
Housing Cover Bolt
Ring Gear Bolt
Side Bearing Cap Bolt
Wheel Lug Nuts

45-59 (61-80)
20-25 (27-34)
70-89 (95-121)
47-67 (64-91)
100 (136)

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:45:32 AM

Page 17

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

1997-99 DRIVE AXLES
Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer &
Navigator

DESCRIPTION & OPERATION
A half-shaft type front axle is used. Axle is of integral carrier housing, hypoid gear type. Drive pinion and ring
gear bearing adjustments are all accomplished with shims. Power is transmitted through transfer case driveshaft
to the drive pinion located in the axle housing. Drive pinion shaft is supported by 2 opposed tapered roller
bearings. Power is transmitted from pinion gear through ring gear and differential pinion gears to axle shafts
and wheels.
On all models except 1999 Expedition and Navigator, a vacuum operated clutch engages front axle. 1999
Expedition and Navigator is an all wheel drive vehicle. Front axle is engaged at all time. See Fig. 1 or Fig. 2 .

Fig. 1: Exploded View Of Front Axle Housing Assembly (Except 1999 Expedition & Navigator)
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:12
10:46:09 AM

Page 1

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

Fig. 2: Exploded View Of Front Axle Housing Assembly (1999 Expedition & Navigator)
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

AXLE RATIO & IDENTIFICATION
Axle application can be determined through the axle code on the Safety Certification Label on left door pillar.
Additionally, a metal identification tag stamped with gear ratio and diameter is secured to axle housing. See
Fig. 3 .

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 2

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

Fig. 3: Identifying Axle Identification Tag
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

LUBRICATION
Capacity is 3.5-3.7 Pts. (1.8-2.0L) of Motorcraft SAE 75W90 Thermally Stable 4X4 Axle Lubricant (XY75W90-QL). Capacities listed are approximate. Fill differential until fluid level is about 1/4" below bottom of
filler plug hole.

TROUBLE SHOOTING
NOTE:

See appropriate table in TROUBLE SHOOTING article in GENERAL
INFORMATION.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
WARNING: On vehicles with air suspension, power to air suspension must be shut
off before hoisting, jacking or towing. Failure to do so can result in
unexpected inflation or deflation of air suspension, which can result in
shifting of vehicle during servicing.
AXLE HOUSING ASSEMBLY
Removal & Installation

NOTE:

DO NOT allow drive shaft to hang unsupported.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 3

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

1. Raise and support vehicle. Mark pinion yoke and drive shaft alignment for reassembly reference.
Disconnect drive shaft from yoke, and wire aside. Remove axle shaft-to-stub axle retaining bolts and wire
aside (both sides). Disconnect vent tube. Disconnect front axle actuator motor vacuum line (if equipped).
2. Using a suitable jack, support axle housing assembly and secure axle housing to jack. Remove axle
housing support bracket. Remove axle housing retaining bolts. To install, reverse removal procedure.
Tighten bolts to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS table.

OVERHAUL (EXCEPT 1999 EXPEDITION & NAVIGATOR)
WARNING: On vehicles with air suspension, power to air suspension must be shut
off before hoisting, jacking or towing. Failure to do so can result in
unexpected inflation or deflation of air suspension, which can result in
shifting of vehicle during servicing.
DISASSEMBLY
1. Remove axle housing. See AXLE HOUSING ASSEMBLY under REMOVAL & INSTALLATION.
Drain differential fluid. Remove housing cover. Mount axle housing in Holding Fixture (T57L-500-B)
using Adapters (T90T-4000-A) and Spacer (T80T-4000-B2).
2. Pull back clutch boot and remove snap ring. Remove front axle actuator motor. Remove axle housing
retaining bolts and remove assembly. Remove cluster gear thrust washer. Remove front axle cluster gear.
Lift front axle shift lever and remove gear selector. Remove shift lever and shift fork by removing roll
pin.
3. Remove left stub axle retaining clip (inside differential assembly). Remove left stub axle. Install Housing
Spreader Adapter Set (T90T-4000-A) and Differential Housing Spreader (TOOL-4000-E). See Fig. 4 .
Mount dial indicator on axle housing to measure amount of spread.
CAUTION: DO NOT spread axle housing more than .030" (.76 mm); permanent
damage to housing could result.
4. Spread axle housing to .030" (.76 mm). Remove dial indicator. Mark bearing cap for installation
reference. Remove bearing cap retaining bolts and remove bearing caps. Carefully pry differential
assembly out of housing. Remove spreader immediately so housing does not permanently distort.
Remove and tag side bearing races to indicate from which side of carrier they were removed.
5. Turn nose of axle housing up. Using an INCH lbs. torque wrench, measure and record pinion bearing
preload. Hold pinion flange and remove pinion nut. Scribe index marks on pinion flange and pinion stem
for installation reference. Remove pinion flange. Using Converter Seal Remover (T94P-77001-BH) and
slide hammer, remove pinion seal.
6. Remove drive pinion by tapping with soft-faced mallet. Remove outer pinion bearing and oil slinger.
Using Puller Tool (T77F-1102-A) and Slide Hammer (T50T-100-A), remove inner bearing race. If
necessary, remove oil baffle. Remove pinion outer bearing race. Press pinion bearing off pinion. Measure
and record inner pinion bearing shim thickness.
7. Place differential case in vise, with rags underneath to protect ring gear. Remove ring gear bolts. Tap ring
gear with soft-face mallet to remove ring gear from case. Remove pinion shaft lock bolt. Remove pinion
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 4

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

shaft.
8. Rotate side gears until pinion gears are aligned with case opening. Remove pinion gears and thrust
washers. Remove side gears with thrust washers. Remove differential case side bearings.

Fig. 4: Spreading Axle Housing
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
CLEANING & INSPECTION
1. Clean all components in solvent. Allow bearings to air dry. Inspect all machined surfaces for smoothness
or raised edges. Inspect all gear teeth for wear or chipping and replace as necessary.
2. Check all bearings and races for nicks, roller end wear, grooves or damage. Replace as needed. Check
pinion flange for wear in sealing area and replace as necessary.
3. Check differential pinion shaft, pinion gears, side gears and thrust washers for wear or damage. Replace
all defective parts. Replace pinion gear and ring gear as a set.
REASSEMBLY
1. Install thrust washers on differential side gears. Install differential side gears in differential housing.
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 5

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

2.
3.
4.
5.

6.

7.

Install thrust washer and pinion gear in differential case. Install pinion shaft. Install pinion shaft lock bolt.
Install oil baffle. Using Pinion Bearing Cup Replacer (T53T-4621-C), install pinion bearing races. Apply
a light film of oil on pinion bearings.
Assemble Pinion Depth Gauge (T79P-4020-A). Install aligning adapter, gauge disc and screw. Place rear
pinion bearing over aligning adapter and in to bearing cup of carrier housing. See Fig. 5 .
Install front pinion bearing into front bearing cup. Place handle onto screw and tighten to 20 INCH lbs.
(2.25 N.m). See Fig. 6 . Ensure pinion depth measuring tool is properly installed and tightened.
Rotate gauge block several times to seat bearings. Rotational torque on gauge block assembly should be
20 INCH lbs. (2.25 N.m) with new bearings. Final position of gauge block should be 45 degrees above
axle shaft center line. See Fig. 7 .
Clean differential bearing bores thoroughly, and install gauge tube. Tighten differential bearing cap bolts
to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Use flat pinion shims as a gauge for shim
selection. Hold gauge block in proper position, and measure clearance between gauge block and tube.
Correct shim selection is accomplished when a slight drag is felt as shim is drawn between gauge block
and tube. Shims are available in various thicknesses. Install correct shim on pinion for reassembly. Pinion
bearings must be installed in the same location as during pinion depth measurement. Remove measuring
equipment.
NOTE:

If oil seal becomes cocked during installation, remove seal and install
NEW oil seal.

8. Place pinion shim previously determine on pinion shaft and press on inner pinion bearing. Place NEW
collapsible spacer on pinion shaft. Install outer pinion bearing and oil slinger in axle housing. Using
Pinion Oil Seal Replacer (T79P-4676-A), install oil seal into axle housing.
9. Position pinion gear in axle housing. Align marks on pinion flange and pinion stem. Apply a small
amount of lubricant to pinion flange splines. Install pinion flange and NEW pinion nut. Hold pinion
flange, and gradually tighten nut while rotating pinion.
NOTE:

If desired preload is exceeded, a NEW collapsible spacer must be
installed. Tighten nut to obtain proper preload.

10. Check pinion bearing preload often, until correct preload is obtained. DO NOT back off pinion nut to
reduce preload. See DIFFERENTIAL SPECIFICATIONS . Install Right Master Bearing (T93P-4222B) and Left Master Bearing (T93P-4222-A) on differential housing.
11. Insert differential and master bearings into axle housing. Position dial indicator to outside mounting hole.
Position indicator tip on machined surface of differential case flange. Adjust dial indicator to measure full
travel. Push differential case left and right as far as possible. Measure total end play and record on Line-A
of differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet. See Fig. 9 .
12. Remove differential case from carrier to install ring gear. Ensure ring is free of any nicks or burrs. Press
ring gear onto case, and tighten bolts to correct torque. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Install
differential case with master bearings into axle housing.
13. With dial indicator in place, push ring gear to mesh with pinion gear. Rock ring gear to allow full mesh
with pinion gear. Zero dial indicator. Move ring gear away from pinion gear as much as possible. Record
measurement on Line-B of differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet. Remove differential
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 6

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

14.

15.

16.
17.
18.

19.
20.

21.

22.
23.

24.

from housing, and remove master bearing from carrier assembly.
Identify and mark right and left bearing for installation reference. Clamp Bearing Preload Tool (T93P4220-AR) base in a soft-jaw vise. Keep bearing mounting surface above vise jaws. Position bearing
assembly on bearing preload tool base, and tighten tool bolt to 20 INCH lbs. (2.3 N.m). See Fig. 8 .
Invert preload tool and clamp bolt head in vise. Position depth micrometer over top of bearing. With
depth micrometer positioned on bearing cone, measure height of each individual bearing assembly.
Measure distance from bearing cone to bearing preload tool disc. Record both bearing measurements on
Line-D on differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet.
Select appropriate bearing shims using differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet. See Fig.
9 . For correct shim, see DIFFERENTIAL SHIM SIZE table.
Remove master bearing from carrier, and press appropriate differential bearing on appropriate side of
differential case. Tighten housing spreader so dial indicator reads .030" (.76 mm). Install selected shims.
Install differential assembly in axle housing. Install and tighten bearing caps to correct torque with
housing spreader still installed. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Loosen and remove spreader.
Move dial indicator base and mount in line with ring gear.
Mount dial indicator, and zero on any ring gear drive tooth. See Fig. 10 . Turn ring gear without turning
pinion gear to measure backlash. Preferred backlash is .008-.013" (.203-.330 mm).
If backlash is not to specification, adjust backlash by increasing thickness of one shim and decreasing
thickness of other shim by same amount. See RING GEAR BACKLASH-TO-SHIM THICKNESS
CONVERSION table. See Fig. 11 .
Instal NEW "O" ring on shift lever. Position shift fork in axle housing. Lubricate "O" ring, and install
shift lever. Install roll pin until flush with top of shift fork. Lift shift lever and install selector gear. Install
front axle cluster gear and cluster gear thrust washer.
Using Ford Black Silicone Rubber (F4AZ-19562-B), fill grove groove in axle housing and install front
axle tube. Tighten axle tube retaining bolts to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS .
Install left stub axle seal. Install left stub axle and new retaining clip (inside differential assembly). Install
front axle actuator motor. Using a vacuum pump, verify front axle actuator motor does not leak down.
Also, ensure front axle clutch is engaging completely.
To complete assembly, reverse disassembly procedure. Tighten all nuts and bolts to specifications. See
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Fill differential with proper lubricant until fluid level is about 1/4"
below bottom of filler plug hole. See LUBRICATION .

DIFFERENTIAL SHIM SIZE
Color
No. Of Stripes
Red
1
Red
2
Orange
1
Orange
2
Orange
3
Orange
4
Orange
5
Yellow
1
Yellow
2

Shim Thickness In. (mm)
.2410-.2415 (6.121-6.134)
.2430-.2435 (6.172-6.185)
.2450-.2455 (6.223-6.236)
.2470-.2475 (6.274-6.287)
.2490-.2495 (6.325-6.337)
.2510-.2515 (6.375-6.388)
.2530-.2535 (6.426-6.439)
.2550-.2555 (6.477-6.490)
.2570-.2575 (6.528-6.541)

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 7

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
White
White
White
White
White
Green
Green
Green
Green
Green
Pink
Pink
Pink
Pink
Pink
Blue
Blue
Blue
Blue
Gray
Gray

3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
2
3
4
5
1
2

.2590-.2595 (6.579-6.591)
.2610-.2615 (6.629-6.642)
.2630-.2635 (6.680-6.693)
.2650-.2655 (6.731-6.744)
.2670-.2675 (6.782-6.795)
.2690-.2695 (6.833-6.845)
.2710-.2715 (6.883-6.896)
.2730-.2735 (6.934-6.947)
.2750-.2755 (6.985-6.998)
.2770-.2775 (7.036-7.049)
.2790-.2795 (7.087-7.099)
.2810-.2815 (7.137-7.150)
.2830-.2835 (7.188-7.201)
.2850-.2855 (7.239-7.252)
.2870-.2875 (7.290-7.303)
.2890-.2895 (7.341-7.353)
.2910-.2915 (7.391-7.404)
.2930-.2935 (7.442-7.455)
.2970-.2975 (7.544-7.557)
.2990-.2995 (7.595-7.607)
.3010-.3015 (7.645-7.658)
.3030-.3035 (7.696-7.709)
.3050-.3055 (7.747-7.760)
.3070-.3075 (7.798-7.811)

RING GEAR BACKLASH-TO-SHIM THICKNESS CONVERSION
Required Change In Backlash - In. (mm)
Required Change In Shim Thickness - In. (mm)
.001 (.03)
.002 (.05)
.002 (.05)
.002 (.05)
.003 (.08)
.004 (.10)
.004 (.10)
.006 (.15)
.005 (.13)
.006 (.15)
.006 (.15)
.008 (.20)
.007 (.18)
.010 (.25)
.008 (.20)
.010 (.25)
.009 (.23)
.012 (.30)
.010 (.25)
.014 (.36)
.011 (.28)
.014 (.36)
.012 (.30)
.016 (.41)
.013 (.33)
.018 (.46)
.014 (.36)
.018 (.46)
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 8

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

.015 (.38)

.020 (.51)

Fig. 5: Assembling Pinion Depth Gauge
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 9

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

Fig. 6: Installing Pinion Depth Gauge
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 10

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

Fig. 7: Final Position Of Pinion Depth Gauge
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 11

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

Fig. 8: Positioning Bearing Preload Tool
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 12

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

Fig. 9: Differential Bearing Shim Selection Procedure Work Sheet
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 13

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

Fig. 10: Checking Ring Gear Backlash
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 14

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

Fig. 11: Adjusting Ring Gear Backlash
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

OVERHAUL (1999 EXPEDITION & NAVIGATOR)
WARNING: On vehicles with air suspension, power to air suspension must be shut
off before hoisting, jacking or towing. Failure to do so can result in
unexpected inflation or deflation of air suspension, which can result in
shifting of vehicle during servicing.
DISASSEMBLY
1. Remove axle housing. See AXLE HOUSING ASSEMBLY under REMOVAL & INSTALLATION.
Drain differential fluid. Remove housing cover. Mount axle housing in Holding Fixture (T57L-500-B)
using Adapters (T90T-4000-A) and Spacer (T80T-4000-B2).
2. Remove axle housing retaining bolts and remove assembly. Remove coupler shaft selector gear. Remove
front axle cluster gear.
3. Remove left stub axle retaining clip (inside differential assembly). Remove left stub axle. Install Housing
Spreader Adapter Set (T90T-4000-A) and Differential Housing Spreader (TOOL-4000-E). See Fig. 4 .
Mount dial indicator on axle housing to measure amount of spread.
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 15

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

CAUTION: DO NOT spread axle housing more than .030" (.76 mm); permanent
damage to housing could result.
4. Spread axle housing to .030" (.76 mm). Remove dial indicator. Mark bearing cap for installation
reference. Remove bearing cap retaining bolts and remove bearing caps. Carefully pry differential
assembly out of housing. Remove spreader immediately so housing does not permanently distort.
Remove and tag side bearing races to indicate from which side of carrier they were removed.
5. Turn nose of axle housing up. Using an INCH lbs. torque wrench, measure and record pinion bearing
preload. Hold pinion flange and remove pinion nut. Scribe index marks on pinion flange and pinion stem
for installation reference. Remove pinion flange. Using Converter Seal Remover (T94P-77001-BH) and
slide hammer, remove pinion seal.
6. Remove drive pinion by tapping with soft-faced mallet. Remove outer pinion bearing and oil slinger.
Using Puller Tool (T77F-1102-A) and Slide Hammer (T50T-100-A), remove inner bearing race. If
necessary, remove oil baffle. Remove pinion outer bearing race. Press pinion bearing off pinion. Measure
and record inner pinion bearing shim thickness.
7. Place differential case in vise, with rags underneath to protect ring gear. Remove ring gear bolts. Tap ring
gear with soft-faced mallet to remove ring gear from case. Remove pinion shaft lock bolt. Remove pinion
shaft.
8. Rotate side gears until pinion gears are aligned with case opening. Remove pinion gears and thrust
washers. Remove side gears with thrust washers. Remove differential case side bearings.
CLEANING & INSPECTION
1. Clean all components in solvent. Allow bearings to air dry. Inspect all machined surfaces for smoothness
or raised edges. Inspect all gear teeth for wear or chipping and replace as necessary.
2. Check all bearings and races for nicks, roller end wear, grooves or damage. Replace as needed. Check
pinion flange for wear in sealing area and replace as necessary.
3. Check differential pinion shaft, pinion gears, side gears and thrust washers for wear or damage. Replace
all defective parts. Replace pinion gear and ring gear as a set.
REASSEMBLY
1. Install thrust washers on differential side gears. Install differential side gears in differential housing.
Install thrust washer and pinion gear in differential case. Install pinion shaft. Install pinion shaft lock bolt.
2. Install oil baffle. Using Pinion Bearing Cup Replacer (T53T-4621-C), install pinion bearing races. Apply
a light film of oil on pinion bearings.
3. Assemble Pinion Depth Gauge (T79P-4020-A). Install aligning adapter, gauge disc and screw. Place rear
pinion bearing over aligning adapter and into bearing cup of carrier housing. See Fig. 5 .
4. Install front pinion bearing into front bearing cup. Place handle onto screw and tighten to 20 INCH lbs.
(2.25 N.m). See Fig. 6 . Ensure pinion depth measuring tool is properly installed and tightened.
5. Rotate gauge block several times to seat bearings. Rotational torque on gauge block assembly should be
20 INCH lbs. (2.25 N.m) with new bearings. Final position of gauge block should be 45 degrees above
axle shaft center line. See Fig. 7 .
6. Clean differential bearing bores thoroughly, and install gauge tube. Tighten differential bearing cap bolts
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:09 AM

Page 16

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Use flat pinion shims as a gauge for shim
selection. Hold gauge block in proper position, and measure clearance between gauge block and tube.
7. Correct shim selection is accomplished when a slight drag is felt as shim is drawn between gauge block
and tube. Shims are available in various thicknesses. Install correct shim on pinion for reassembly. Pinion
bearings must be installed in the same location as during pinion depth measurement. Remove measuring
equipment.
NOTE:

If oil seal becomes cocked during installation, remove seal and install
NEW oil seal.

8. Place pinion shim previously determine on pinion shaft and press on inner pinion bearing. Place NEW
collapsible spacer on pinion shaft. Install outer pinion bearing and oil slinger in axle housing. Using
Pinion Oil Seal Replacer (T79P-4676-A), install oil seal into axle housing.
9. Position pinion gear in axle housing. Align marks on pinion flange and pinion stem. Apply a small
amount of lubricant to pinion flange splines. Install pinion flange and NEW pinion nut. Hold pinion
flange, and gradually tighten nut while rotating pinion.
NOTE:

If desired preload is exceeded, a NEW collapsible spacer must be
installed. Tighten nut to obtain proper preload.

10. Check pinion bearing preload often, until correct preload is obtained. DO NOT back off pinion nut to
reduce preload. See DIFFERENTIAL SPECIFICATIONS . Install Right Master Bearing (T93P-4222B) and Left Master Bearing (T93P-4222-A) on differential housing.
11. Insert differential and master bearings into axle housing. Position dial indicator to outside mounting hole.
Position indicator tip on machined surface of differential case flange. Adjust dial indicator to measure full
travel. Push differential case left and right as far as possible. Measure total end play and record on Line-A
of differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet. See Fig. 9 .
12. Remove differential case from carrier to install ring gear. Ensure ring is free of any nicks or burrs. Press
ring gear onto case and tighten bolts to correct torque. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Install
differential case with master bearings into axle housing.
13. With dial indicator in place, push ring gear to mesh with pinion gear. Rock ring gear to allow full mesh
with pinion gear. Zero dial indicator. Move ring gear away from pinion gear as much as possible. Record
measurement on Line-B of differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet. Remove differential
from housing, and remove master bearing from carrier assembly.
14. Identify and mark right and left bearing for installation reference. Clamp Bearing Preload Tool (T93P4220-AR) base in a soft-jaw vise. Keep bearing mounting surface above vise jaws. Position bearing
assembly on bearing preload tool base, and tighten tool bolt to 20 INCH lbs. (2.3 N.m). See Fig. 8 .
15. Invert preload tool and clamp bolt head in vise. Position depth micrometer over top of bearing. With
depth micrometer positioned on bearing cone, measure height of each individual bearing assembly.
Measure distance from bearing cone to bearing preload tool disc. Record both bearing measurements on
Line-D on differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet.
16. Select appropriate bearing shims using differential bearing shim selection procedure work sheet. See Fig.
9 . For correct shim, see DIFFERENTIAL SHIM SIZE table.
17. Remove master bearing from carrier, and press appropriate differential bearing on appropriate side of
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:10 AM

Page 17

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

18.

19.
20.

21.

22.
23.

differential case. Tighten housing spreader so dial indicator reads .030" (.76 mm). Install selected shims.
Install differential assembly in axle housing. Install and tighten bearing caps to correct torque with
housing spreader still installed. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Loosen and remove spreader.
Move dial indicator base, and mount in line with ring gear.
Mount dial indicator, and zero on any ring gear drive tooth. See Fig. 10 . Turn ring gear without turning
pinion gear to measure backlash. Preferred backlash is .012-.015" (.304-.381 mm).
If backlash is not to specification, adjust backlash by increasing thickness of one shim and decreasing
thickness of other shim by same amount. See RING GEAR BACKLASH-TO-SHIM THICKNESS
CONVERSION table. See Fig. 11 .
Install front axle cluster gear and coupler shaft selector gear. Using Ford Black Silicone Rubber (F4AZ19562-B), fill grove groove in axle housing and install front axle tube. Tighten axle tube retaining bolts to
specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS .
Install left stub axle seal. Install left stub axle and NEW retaining clip (inside differential assembly).
To complete assembly, reverse disassembly procedure. Tighten all nuts and bolts to specifications. See
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Fill differential with proper lubricant until fluid level is about 1/4"
below bottom of filler plug hole. See LUBRICATION .

DIFFERENTIAL SPECIFICATIONS
AXLE ASSEMBLY SPECIFICATIONS
Application
Differential Case Runout (Maximum)
Ring Gear Runout (Maximum)
Ring Gear-To-Pinion Backlash
1997-98
1999

In. (mm)
.003 (.076)
.004 (.10)
.008-.013 (.20-.33)
(1)

Drive Pinion Bearing Preload
New Bearings
Used Bearings
(1) Preferred backlash is .012-.015 (.30-.38)

.008-.015 (.20-.38)
INCH Lbs. (N.m)
16-29 (1.8-3.3)
8-14 (.9-1.6)

TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
Application
Axle Housing Mount Bolt
Axle Shaft-To-Stub Axle Bolts
Axle Tube Bolt
Drain & Filler Plug
Drive Shaft Bolts

Ft. Lbs. (N.m)
66 (89)
51-67 (69-91)
54 (73)
18 (24)
70-95 (95-129)

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:10 AM

Page 18

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1997-99 DRIVE AXLES Differential - Front - 8.8" Ring Gear - Expedition, "F" Series Light Duty, Mountaineer & Navigator

Housing Cover Bolt
Pinion Shaft Lock Bolt
Ring Gear Bolt
Side Bearing Cap Bolt

24 (33)
22 (30)
77 (104)
77 (104)

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:10 AM

Page 19

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

1998-99 Drive Axles
Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

DESCRIPTION
WARNING: On vehicles with air suspension, power to air suspension must be shut
off before hoisting, jacking or towing. Failure to do so can result in
unexpected inflation or deflation of air suspension, which can result in
shifting of vehicle during servicing.
Rear axle is a hypoid-design ring and pinion gear encased in an integral cast iron axle housing. A one-piece
differential case contains a conventional 2-pinion differential assembly.
To signal rear anti-lock brake system operation, rear axles use an exciter ring pressed on differential case behind
ring gear, and a sensor mounted in axle housing. A space is provided between ring gear and exciter ring for
measuring ring gear runout.

AXLE RATIO & IDENTIFICATION
NOTE:

If rear axle is a Traction-Lok version, a "L" will be displayed with the ratio. For
example, a Traction-Lok axle ratio would be displayed as 3L45.

A metal tag stamped with axle model, date of manufacture, ratio, ring gear diameter and assembly plant is
attached to rear cover. Use information on tag to order replacement parts. See Fig. 1 . Vehicle axle application
can also be determined by axle code on Safety Certification Label located on left door pillar.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:54
10:46:51 AM

Page 1

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fig. 1: Identifying Rear Axle Tag
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

LUBRICATION
RANGER
CAUTION: On models with Traction-Lok differential, add an additional 4 ozs. of
Friction Modifier (C8AZ-19B546-A). Friction modifier must be added to
prevent damage to differential.
Capacity on vehicles without Traction-Lok differential is 5.1-5.3 Pts. (2.4-2.5L) of Motorcraft SAE 80W90
Thermally Stable Rear Axle Lubricant (XY-80W90-QL). Capacity on vehicles with Traction-Lok differential is
4.6-5.1 Pts. (2.2-2.4L) of Thermally Stable Rear Axle Lubricant (XY-80W90-QL), plus an additional 4 ozs. of
Friction Modifier (C8AZ-19B546-A). Capacities listed are approximate. Fill differential until fluid level is
about 1/4" below bottom of filler plug hole.
EXPLORER & MOUNTAINEER (4.0L)
CAUTION: On models with Traction-Lok differential, add an additional 4 ozs. of
Friction Modifier (C8AZ-19B546-A). Friction modifier must be added to
prevent damage to differential.
Capacity on vehicles without Traction-Lok differential is 5.5-5.8 Pts. (2.6-2.7L) of Motorcraft SAE 80W90
Thermally Stable Rear Axle Lubricant (XY-80W90-QL). Capacity on vehicles with Traction-Lok differential is
5.5-5.8 Pts. (2.6-2.7L) of Motorcraft SAE 75W145 High Performance Synthetic Rear Axle Lubricant (F1TZ19580-B), plus an additional 4 ozs. of Friction Modifier (C8AZ-19B546-A). Capacities listed are approximate.
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 2

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fill differential until fluid level is about 1/4" below bottom of filler plug hole.
EXPLORER & MOUNTAINEER (5.0L)
Capacity is 5.5-5.8 Pts. (2.6-2.7L) of Motorcraft SAE 75W145 High Performance Synthetic Rear Axle
Lubricant (F1TZ-19580-B), plus an additional 4 ozs. of Friction Modifier (C8AZ-19B546-A). Capacities listed
are approximate. Fill differential until fluid level is about 1/4" below bottom of filler plug hole.

TROUBLE SHOOTING
NOTE:

See appropriate table in TROUBLE SHOOTING article in GENERAL
INFORMATION.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
WARNING: On vehicles with air suspension, power to air suspension MUST be shut
off before hoisting, jacking or towing. Failure to do so can result in
unexpected inflation or deflation of air suspension, which can result in
shifting of vehicle during these operations.
AXLE SHAFT & BEARING
Removal (Explorer & Mountaineer)

CAUTION: DO NOT damage "O" ring in axle shaft groove under "C" lock.

1. Raise and support vehicle. Remove wheel assemblies. Remove rear brake caliper retaining bolts, and wire
caliper aside. Remove rear brake rotor. Remove housing cover, and drain lubricant.
2. Remove differential pinion shaft lock bolt and remove pinion shaft. See Fig. 2 . Push axle shaft inward
and remove "C" locks. Remove axle shaft, being careful not to cut axle seal. Using a slide hammer and
puller, remove bearing and oil seal as a unit.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 3

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fig. 2: Exploded View Of Axle Assembly (Typical)
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Installation

1. Lubricate bearing with rear axle lubricant. Using a driver, install bearing. Install oil seal. If seal becomes
cocked during installation, remove seal and replace with a NEW one.
2. Carefully insert axle in housing to avoid damaging oil seal. Install "C" locks, and push shafts outward to
seat locks in counterbore of differential side gears.
3. Install pinion gears and thrust washers (if removed). Turn gear assembly to align pinion gear and thrust
washer bores with pinion shaft holes on case. Install pinion shaft. Apply Loctite to lock bolt and tighten
to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS .
4. Clean gasket mating surfaces and apply 1/8 - 3/16" wide bead of silicone sealant on axle housing cover.
Install housing cover. Tighten cover bolts to specification in a crisscross pattern. See TORQUE
SPECIFICATIONS . Fill differential until fluid level is about 1/4" below bottom of filler plug hole. To
complete installation, reverse removal procedures.
Removal (Ranger)

CAUTION: DO NOT damage "O" ring in axle shaft groove under "C" lock.

1. Raise and support vehicle. Remove rear wheel assemblies and brake drums. Remove housing cover, and
drain lubricant. Remove differential pinion shaft lock bolt and remove pinion shaft. See Fig. 2 . Push axle
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 4

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

shaft inward and remove "C" locks.
2. Remove axle shaft, being careful not to cut axle seal. Using a slide hammer and puller, remove bearing
and oil seal as a unit.
Installation

1. Lubricate bearing with rear axle lubricant. Using a driver, install bearing. Install oil seal. If seal becomes
cocked during installation, remove seal and replace with a new one.
2. Carefully insert axle in housing to avoid damaging oil seal. Install "C" locks, and push shafts outward to
seat locks in counterbore of differential side gears.
3. Install pinion gears and thrust washers (if removed). Turn gear assembly to align pinion gear and thrust
washer bores with pinion shaft holes on case. Install pinion shaft. Apply Loctite to lock bolt and tighten
to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS .
4. Clean gasket mating surfaces and apply 1/8 - 3/16" wide bead of silicone sealant on axle housing cover.
Install housing cover. Tighten cover bolts to specification in a crisscross pattern. See TORQUE
SPECIFICATIONS . Fill differential until fluid level is about 1/4" below bottom of filler plug hole. To
complete installation, reverse removal procedures.
AXLE HOUSING ASSEMBLY
Removal & Installation (Explorer & Mountaineer)

1. Raise and support vehicle. Release parking brake. Remove rear wheel assemblies. Scribe alignment
marks on pinion flange and drive shaft yoke for installation reference. Remove drive shaft bolts, and wire
drive shaft aside.
2. Remove brake hose junction block retaining bolt and position junction block aside. DO NOT disconnect
brake lines from block. Disconnect parking brake cables at backing plates. Disengage brake lines from
clips on axle housing. Disconnect rear anti-lock brake sensor harness connector.
3. Disconnect parking brake cables and rear anti-lock brake sensor harness from axle housing. Disconnect
vent hose from axle housing. Disconnect anti-windup bar (if equipped). Remove brake caliper retaining
bolts, and wire calipers aside.
4. Disconnect rear stabilizer bar at links. Position a suitable jack under rear axle housing, and strap housing
to jack. Remove lower shock bolts. Remove "U" bolt assemblies. Remove axle housing from vehicle. To
install, reverse removal procedure. Tighten nuts and bolts to specification. See TORQUE
SPECIFICATIONS .
Removal & Installation (1998 Ranger)

1. Raise and support vehicle. Release parking brake. Remove wheel assembly and brake drums. Disconnect
parking brake cable assembly under vehicle, next to leaf spring. Secure parking brake cables to axle
housing. Scribe alignment marks on pinion flange and drive shaft yoke for installation reference.
2. Remove drive shaft bolts, and wire drive shaft aside. Disconnect rear ABS sensor harness connector.
Disconnect rear axle brake line and vent tube at frame. Position a suitable jack under rear axle housing,
and strap housing to jack.
3. Remove lower shock bolts. Remove "U" bolt assemblies. Remove axle housing from vehicle. To install,
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 5

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

reverse removal procedure. Bleed brake system. Tighten nuts and bolts to specification. See TORQUE
SPECIFICATIONS .
Removal & Installation (1999 Ranger)

1. Raise and support vehicle. Release parking brake. Remove wheel assembly and brake drums. Scribe
alignment marks on pinion flange and drive shaft yoke for installation reference.
2. Remove drive shaft bolts, and wire drive shaft aside. Disconnect rear ABS sensor harness connector.
Disconnect rear brake line junction block from axle housing. DO NOT disconnect brake lines from
junction block. Remove backing plate bolts, and wire backing plates aside.
3. Position a suitable jack under rear axle housing, and strap housing to jack. Remove lower shock bolts.
Remove "U" bolt assemblies. Remove axle housing from vehicle. To install, reverse removal procedure.
Tighten nuts and bolts to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS .
PINION FLANGE & OIL SEAL
NOTE:

Pinion flange and oil seal replacement affects bearing preload. Preload must be
carefully reset during reassembly.

Removal (Explorer & Mountaineer)

1. Raise and support vehicle. Remove rear wheel assemblies. Remove brake caliper retaining bolts, and wire
calipers aside. Scribe alignment marks on pinion flange and drive shaft yoke for installation reference.
Remove drive shaft bolts, and wire drive shaft aside.
2. Using an INCH-lb. torque wrench, measure and record torque required to rotate pinion through several
revolutions. Remove and discard pinion nut. Mark pinion flange in relation to pinion shaft for installation
reference. Using Puller (T77FP-4220-B1), remove pinion flange. Remove pinion seal.
Installation

1. Ensure pinion shaft splines are free of burrs. Remove burrs with fine crocus cloth if necessary. Lubricate
area between oil seal lip, and install oil seal into axle housing using Pinion Oil Seal Replacer (T83T4676-A).
2. Align marks on pinion flange and pinion. Apply a small amount of lubricant to pinion flange splines.
Using Pinion Flange Replacer (TOOL-4858-E), install pinion flange. Hold pinion flange and gradually
tighten NEW pinion nut while rotating pinion.
3. Check pinion bearing preload often, until correct preload is obtained. See DIFFERENTIAL
SPECIFICATIONS . DO NOT back off pinion nut to reduce preload.
4. Connect rear end of drive shaft to pinion flange, aligning scribed marks. Tighten bolts to specification.
See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . To complete installation, reverse removal procedures.
Removal (Ranger)

1. Raise and support vehicle. Remove rear wheel assemblies. Remove rear brake drums. Scribe alignment
marks on pinion flange and drive shaft yoke for installation reference. Remove drive shaft bolts, and wire
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 6

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

drive shaft aside.
2. Using an INCH-lb. torque wrench, measure and record torque required to rotate pinion through several
revolutions. Hold pinion flange and remove pinion nut. Mark pinion flange in relation to pinion shaft for
installation reference. Using Puller (T77FP-4220-B1), remove pinion flange. Remove pinion seal.
Installation

NOTE:

If oil seal becomes cocked during installation, remove seal and install new
oil seal.

1. Ensure pinion shaft splines are free of burrs. Remove burrs with fine crocus cloth if necessary. Lubricate
area between oil seal lip, and install oil seal into axle housing using Pinion Oil Seal Replacer (T83T4676-A).
2. Align marks on pinion flange and pinion. Apply a small amount of lubricant to pinion flange splines.
Using Pinion Flange Replacer (TOOL-4858-E), install pinion flange. Hold pinion flange and gradually
tighten NEW pinion nut while rotating pinion.
3. Check pinion bearing preload often, until correct preload is obtained. See DIFFERENTIAL
SPECIFICATIONS . DO NOT back off pinion nut to reduce preload.
4. Connect rear end of drive shaft to pinion flange, aligning scribed marks. Tighten bolts to specification.
See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . To complete installation, reverse removal procedures.
REAR ANTI-LOCK BRAKE SENSOR ASSEMBLY
Removal

Rear anti-lock brake sensor is located on top of axle housing assembly. Clean area around rear anti-lock brake
sensor. Disconnect harness connector. Remove retaining bolt, rear anti-lock brake sensor and "O" ring.
Installation

Replace "O" ring if using original rear anti-lock brake sensor. Lubricate "O" ring with engine oil. Hold rear
anti-lock brake sensor on both sides and install. DO NOT push downward on electrical connector area. Install
retaining bolt and tighten to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Connect harness connector.
DIFFERENTIAL CASE
NOTE:

Measure ring gear runout before removing differential case from axle housing.
Mark bearing caps before removal. Bearing caps must be install in original
position.

Removal & Installation

Remove axle shafts. See AXLE SHAFT & BEARING . Rotate differential case and visually inspect for
damaged bearings and gears. Check ring gear run out. See RING GEAR RUNOUT under INSPECTION
PROCEDURES. Mark bearing caps from installation reference. Remove bearing caps. Using a pry bar and a
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 7

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

block of wood, remove differential case. To install, reverse removal procedure.

INSPECTION PROCEDURES
RING GEAR RUNOUT
NOTE:

Ring gear runout should be checked before disassembling differential
assembly. A space is provided between exciter ring and ring gear for measuring
ring gear runout.

1. Assemble dial indicator on axle housing assembly, with tip of dial indicator contacting back face of ring
gear.
2. Adjust dial indicator to zero. Rotate ring gear and note ring gear runout. Maximum ring gear runout
is .004" (.10 mm). If ring gear runout exceeds .004" (.10 mm), check for improper tightening on ring gear
bolts or foreign material between ring gear and differential case.
3. If ring gear runout still exceeds .004" (.10 mm), check for warped ring gear, worn differential bearings or
warped differential case by checking differential case runout. See DIFFERENTIAL CASE RUNOUT .
DIFFERENTIAL CASE RUNOUT
1. Remove differential case from axle housing assembly. Remove retaining bolts and ring gear. Install
differential case with bearing races and preload shims into axle housing assembly.
2. Install bearing caps and retaining bolts. Tighten bearing cap retaining bolts to specification. See
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS . Rotate differential case to ensure bearings are properly seated.
3. Assemble dial indicator on axle housing assembly, with tip of dial indicator contacting ring gear surface
of differential case. Adjust dial indicator to zero.
4. Rotate differential case and note differential case runout. If differential case runout is within .003" (.08
mm), install a NEW ring gear and pinion.
5. If differential case runout exceeds .003" (.08 mm), ring gear is okay. The problem area is damaged axle
housing assembly or worn bearings on differential case.
6. Visually check for damaged bearings. If bearings are okay, replace both bearings and differential case.
Recheck differential case runout using NEW components.
7. If differential case runout is now within .003" (.08 mm), use components for reassembly. If differential
case runout exceeds .003" (.08 mm), axle housing assembly is damaged and should be replaced.

OVERHAUL
WARNING: On vehicles with air suspension, power to air suspension MUST be shut
off before hoisting, jacking or towing. Failure to do so can result in
unexpected inflation or deflation of air suspension, which can result in
shifting of vehicle during these operations.
NOTE:

If vehicle is equipped with Traction-Lok, see appropriate TRACTION-LOK article.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 8

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

DISASSEMBLY
1. Raise and support vehicle. Drain lubricant and remove housing cover. Mount dial indicator and measure
and record ring gear runout. See RING GEAR RUNOUT under INSPECTION PROCEDURES.
Measure and record ring gear backlash. See Fig. 3 . See DIFFERENTIAL BEARING PRELOAD &
RING GEAR BACKLASH under REASSEMBLY & ADJUSTMENTS.
2. Remove axle shafts. See AXLE SHAFT & BEARING under REMOVAL & INSTALLATION. Place
alignment marks on drive shaft, yoke and pinion flange for reassembly reference.
3. Scribe alignment marks on pinion flange and drive shaft yoke for installation reference. Remove drive
shaft bolts, and wire drive shaft aside. Mark differential bearing caps for reassembly reference and note
arrow position. Loosen bearing cap bolts. Pry out differential case, bearing races and shims until loose in
bearing caps.
NOTE:

Bearing races and caps must be installed in original positions.

4. Remove bearing caps and differential. Remove pinion nut and pinion flange. Drive pinion out of front
bearing using soft-faced hammer. Remove pinion from housing. Remove oil seal using slide hammer.
NOTE:

DO NOT remove pinion bearing races unless damaged. If races are
replaced, bearings must also be replaced.

5. Remove front bearing. Mount bearing puller on pinion shaft, and press shaft out of bearing. Remove,
measure, and record thickness of shim located behind bearing. Remove differential side bearings with a
puller.
NOTE:

Tab on exciter ring must be aligned with slot in differential case.

6. Mark differential case and ring gear for reassembly reference. Remove and discard ring gear mounting
bolts. Press or tap off ring gear. Remove exciter ring from differential case (if necessary). If exciter ring is
removed from differential case, a NEW exciter ring must be installed. Remove pinion shaft lock bolt and
remove shaft. Remove pinion gears, side gears and thrust washers.

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 9

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Fig. 3: Measuring Ring Gear Backlash
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
CLEANING & INSPECTION
Clean all parts thoroughly in solvent. Check pinion and ring gear teeth for scoring, excessive wear, nicks and
chipping. Check bearing races for deep scores or galling. Check carrier bearings for wear or damage. Replace
components as necessary.
Anti-Lock Brake Sensor

Check sensor pole piece for loose metal particles. Clean if necessary.
Exciter Ring

Ensure exciter ring is properly pressed onto differential case. Examine ring for chips or missing teeth.
Bearing Races

Check bearing races for scoring or galling. If a .0015" (.038 mm) feeler gauge can be inserted between a race
and bottom of its bore at any point, race must be reseated.
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 10

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

Bearing & Roller Assemblies

When rotated in races, bearing rollers must turn without roughness. Check roller ends for step wear. If
damaged, both parts should be replaced.
Pinion Flange

Ensure flange half-rounds and lugs have not been damaged. End of flange contacting bearing, counterbore and
seal surface must be smooth and free of damage.
Gears

Examine pinion and ring gear teeth for scoring, excessive wear, and excessive chipping. Worn or damaged
gears CANNOT be rebuilt to correct noisy condition.
Axle Housing

Ensure differential and pinion bearing bores are smooth. Remove any nicks or burrs from mounting surfaces.
Differential Case

Ensure hubs where bearings mount are smooth. Check differential case bearing shoulders for damage. Bearing
assemblies will fail if they do not seat firmly against shoulders. Ensure differential side gears rotate freely in
counterbores.
REASSEMBLY & ADJUSTMENTS
NOTE:

Ring and pinion gears must be replaced in matched sets.

Differential Case

1. Lubricate all parts with axle lubricant. Place side gears and thrust washers into case. Place pinion gears
and thrust washers opposite each other in case openings, and in mesh with side gears.
2. Install ring gear with NEW mounting bolts. If bolts are covered with Green coating over 1/2" of threaded
area, install and tighten bolts. If NEW bolts do not have Green coating, apply small amount of Loctite to
bolt threads, then tighten bolts.
3. If bearing races have been replaced, NEW bearing and roller assemblies should be installed. Races must
be seated in bores so a .0015" (.038 mm) feeler gauge will not fit between race and bottom of bore.
Pinion Depth

1. Assemble Axle Pinion Depth Gauge Set (T79P-4020-A) and install aligning adapter, gauge disc, gauge
block screw and gauge block.
2. Place rear pinion bearing over aligning disc and into bearing race of axle housing. Install front pinion
bearing into front bearing race. Place tool handle onto screw and finger tighten. See Fig. 4 .
3. Ensure pinion depth measuring tools are properly installed and tightened. Apply a light film of oil to
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 11

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

pinion bearings. Rotate gauge block several times to seat bearings.
4. Tighten tool handle to 20 ft. lbs. (27 N.m). Final position of gauge block should be 45 degrees above axle
shaft centerline. Clean differential bearing bores thoroughly and install gauge tube. Install bearing caps
and bolts. Tighten bearing cap bolts to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS .
5. Using flat pinion shims as a gauge for shim selection, hold gauge block in proper position and measure
clearance between gauge block and tube. Correct shim selection is accomplished when a slight drag is felt
as shim is drawn between gauge block and tube.

Fig. 4: Installing Pinion Depth Measuring Tools (Tools are included in Axle Pinion Depth Gauge Set)
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Pinion Bearing Preload

1. Place pre-selected shim on pinion shaft. Press bearing onto shaft until bearing and shim are firmly seated
against shoulder of shaft. Install NEW collapsible spacer on pinion shaft
2. Lubricate bearings with axle lubricant. Install front pinion bearing in housing. Install NEW pinion oil
seal. Insert pinion flange into oil seal and hold firmly in place.
NOTE:

If installing a NEW pinion flange, disregard scribed mark on pinion shaft.

3. From rear of axle housing, insert pinion shaft into flange. Install a NEW pinion nut on pinion shaft and
Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 12

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

1999 Ford Explorer
1998-99 Drive Axles Differentials - Rear - 8.8" Ring Gear - Explorer, Mountaineer & Ranger

gradually tighten pinion nut while holding flange.
4. Check bearing preload often. As soon as preload is measured, turn pinion shaft in both directions several
times to seat bearings. Hold pinion flange with Pinion Flange Holder (T78P-4851-A) while tightening
nut.
5. Tighten pinion nut and continue to measure pinion bearing preload until the specified pinion torque is
obtained. See DIFFERENTIAL SPECIFICATIONS . If bearing preload is exceeded before torque
specification is reached, replace collapsible spacer. Install NEW pinion nut and repeat procedures. DO
NOT loosen pinion nut to reduce pinion bearing preload.
Differential Bearing Preload & Ring Gear Backlash

1. With pinion depth set and pinion installed, place differential case and gear assembly with bearings and
races into axle housing.
2. Install a .265" (6.73 mm) shim on left (ring gear side) side of differential. Install left bearing cap and
bolts. Tighten bolts finger tight. Select and install largest shim that will fit, with a slight drag, on pinion
gear side (right side) of differential. Install right bearing cap and bolts and tighten all cap bolts to
specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS e.
3. Rotate gear assembly to ensure free operation. Check ring and pinion backlash. See Fig. 3 . If backlash
is .008-.015" (.20-.38 mm), proceed to step 6 . If backlash is zero, add .020" (.51 mm) to shim size on
right side, and subtract .020" (.51 mm) from shim size on left side.
4. If backlash is less than .008" (.20 mm) or more than .015" (.38 mm), increase or decrease shim size where
necessary to correct reading. See Fig. 5 . See BACKLASH-TO-SHIM THICKNESS CONVERSION
table.
5. Retighten bearing cap bolts and rotate gear assembly several times. Recheck backlash and correct if
necessary. Increase both left and right shim sizes .006" (.15 mm), and reinstall for correct preload.
6. Ensure shims are seated and gear assembly turns freely. Using marking compound, check gear tooth
contact pattern. See GEAR TOOTH CONTACT PATTERNS article in GENERAL INFORMATION.
BACKLASH-TO-SHIM THICKNESS CONVERSION
Required Change In Backlash - In. (mm)
.001 (.03)
.002 (.05)
.003 (.08)
.004 (.10)
.005 (.13)
.006 (.15)
.007 (.18)
.008 (.20)
.009 (.23)
.010 (.25)
.011 (.28)
.012 (.30)
.013 (.33)

Change In Shim Thickness - In. (mm)
.002 (.05)
.002 (.05)
.004 (.10)
.006 (.15)
.006 (.15)
.008 (.20)
.010 (.25)
.010 (.25)
.012 (.30)
.014 (.35)
.014 (.35)
.016 (.41)
.018 (.46)

Helpmelearn
November-17-07 10:46:51 AM

Page 13

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.


Related documents


PDF Document 1995 ford explorer service repair manual
PDF Document 2010 chevrolet express service repair manual
PDF Document 2003 oldsmobile bravada service repair manual
PDF Document utilizing stainless steel bearings for application
PDF Document 3 bolt flange bearing for your specific application
PDF Document catalog


Related keywords