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Peter Kreko Far Left edited.pdf

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Expressing support for Bashar el-Assad’s regime is also part of the leftist foreign policy consensus.
The radical left group in the EP unanimously rejected the Parliament’s resolution calling for a military
de-escalation in Syria, and holding President Assad accountable for crimes against humanity in
September 201520 (see Figure 2 below). It was a clear demonstration of support for Russia's foreign
policy goals, as the Russian military had been building up its capabilities in Syria since August, 2015 in
support for Assad’s regime.21 Furthermore, it is difficult to explain on ideological grounds what makes
the theoretically pacifist radical left parties support the regime of Assad, which helped to breed Sunni
extremism22, and massacred more than three hundred thousand people.
Figure 2. Group votes on the Syrian situation in the wake of the Russian intervention

Security challenges in the Middle East and North Africa and prospects for political
stability (September 7, 2015. - number of votes / % )

41 (7.0%)
400 (68.5%)

13 (2.2%)

98 (16.8%)

26 (4.5%)
86 (14.7%)

Votes for
Against (GUE-NGL)
Against (EFDD)
Against (ENF)

18 (3.1%)
Against (other)

Source: votewatch.eu23

Why Russia?
The far-right parties’ pro-Russian stance is easy to explain on ideological grounds. Russia’s
authoritarian political system with a heavy-handed leader, its anti-human rights agenda, constant
references to family values and Christianity, and to ‘national interests’ overriding market
mechanisms and leading to state control over strategic sectors, offer a political and state model for
several European far-right parties.
It is more difficult to understand why radical left parties with a secular, egalitarian and pacifist
ideology admire a “post-communist neo-conservative”24 system that is showing strong authoritarian
and chauvinist tendencies, emphasizing the role of religion; reproduces and strengthens massive
inequalities; promotes an aggressive nationalist-imperialist geopolitical agenda and repeatedly
threatens the West with a nuclear attack. The core values of the Russian regime, often mentioned by
Putin as the nation, the family and Christianity, are rarely the guiding values for left-wing parties.

September 7, 2015 http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&reference=A8-20150193&language=EN
János Ladányi– Iván Szelényi: Post-communist neo-conservatism, Élet és Irodalom, year 56, issue 8, February
21, 2014, http://www.es.hu/ladanyi_janos8211;szelenyi_ivan;posztkommunista_neokonzervativizmus;201402-19.html