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Kidney Transplant in India
Human Kidney is a vital organ in purifying blood. What happens when your kidneys fails or stop
functioning? This could lead to a serious damage and eventually to death. So when kidney fails you will
have only two options one is Kidney Transplant and other is Kidney Dialysis. The article on Kidney
Transplant In India has intended to provide information about Kidney transplant Process, Donation,
Operation or surgery, cost, Hospitals, Life expectancy.
WHAT IS A KIDNEY TRANSPLANT?
When you receive a kidney transplant, a healthy kidney is placed in your body to do the work that your
own kidneys cannot do anymore.
On the positive side, there are fewer limits on what you can drink and eat, but you should follow a
healthy diet. Your health should improve. In fact, a successful kidney transplant can allow you to live the
kind of life you lived before having kidney disease. Studies show that people who have had a kidney
transplant live longer than those who remain on dialysis.
On the negative side, there is the risk of surgery. You will also need to take anti-rejection medications as
long as your new kidney works, which can have side effects. You will have a higher risk of infections and
certain types of cancer.
Although most transplants are successful and last for many years, their duration may vary from person
to person. Many people will need more than one kidney transplant in their lifetime.
When the kidneys stop functioning, kidney failure occurs. If this renal failure persists (chronically), this
results in end-stage renal failure, accompanied by an accumulation of toxic waste in the body. In this
case, transplantation or dialysis is necessary.
REASON FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE
• Serious anatomic problems of the urinary system
• Polycystic kidney disease
TREATMENTS FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE:
The treatments for end-stage renal failure are hemodialysis, a mechanical method of cleaning blood
from waste; peritoneal dialysis, in which waste is removed by passing chemical solutions through the
abdominal cavity; and kidney transplantation.
However, while none of these treatments cure end-stage kidney disease, a transplant offers the closest
thing to a normal life because the transplanted kidney can replace the failing kidneys. However, it also
involves a lifetime addiction to drugs to keep the new kidney healthy. Some of these medications can
have serious side effects.
Some kidney patients are considering a transplant after dialysis begins; others consider it before starting
dialysis. In certain circumstances, dialysis patients who also have serious medical problems such as
cancer or active infections may not be suitable candidates for a kidney transplant.
Kidneys for transplant come from two different sources: a living donor or a deceased donor.
THE LIVING DONOR
Sometimes family members, including parents, a spouse, close friend, aunts, uncles, children (18 years
and older), cousins, sisters, brothers may wish to donate a kidney. This person is called a “living donor”.
The donor must be in excellent health, knowledgeable about the transplant and be able to give
informed consent. Anyone in good health can give a kidney safely.
A deceased donor kidney comes from someone who has suffered brain death. The law allows everyone
to consent to organ donation for transplantation at the time of death and allows families to also provide
such permission. After donation authorization is granted, the kidneys are removed and stored until a
recipient has been selected.
A more detailed version will be explained in Section 10.
ASSESSMENT PROCESS OF TRANSPLANTATION:
Regardless of the type of kidney transplant – deceased donor or living donor – special blood tests are
needed to determine what type of blood and tissue is present. These test results help match a donor
kidney to the recipient.
BLOOD TYPE TEST
The first test establishes the type of blood. There are four types of blood: O, AB, B, and A. Everyone fits
into one of these inherited groups. The recipient and the donor must have either the compatible group
or same blood groups unless they are participating in a special program to donate one blood group to
another. The list below shows the compatible types:
• If the blood group of the recipient is type A, the blood type must be A or O
• If the blood group of the recipient is B, the blood type of the donor must be B or O
• If the blood group of the recipient is O, the blood group should be O
• If the blood group of the recipient is AB, the blood group can be A, B, AB or O
• The blood type AB is the easiest to match because this individual accepts all other types of blood.
Blood type O is the hardest to match. Although O blood group persons can give to all types, they can
only receive kidneys from type O blood donors. For example, if a patient with blood group O receives a
kidney from a donor blood group. type A, the body will recognize the donor’s kidney as foreign and
The second test, which is a blood test for human leukocyte antigens (HLA), which is also called as tissue
typing. Antigens are markers found on many cells of the body that distinguish each individual as unique.
These markers are inherited from parents. Both potential donors and recipients have tissue typing
performed during the assessment process.
Receiving a kidney where the donor markers and the recipient markers are all the same is a “perfect”
kidney. Perfect transplants have the best chance of working for many years. The most perfect kidney
transplants come from brothers and sisters.
Although tissue typing is performed despite a partial or absent HLA match with some degree of
“discordance” between the recipient and the donor.
BEST KIDNEY HOSPITAL IN INDIA:
Fortis Healthcare Limited is a leading provider of integrated health care services in India. The vertical
health sectors of the business primarily include specialized day care facilities, hospitals and diagnostic
Fortis Hospital (Regional Office)
Mulund Goregaon Link Road,
Mulund-West, Mumbai 400078
GASTRO AND KIDNEY CARE HOSPITAL
IGKC is a super specialty hospital which commenced operations in the year 2014 and is located in the
heart of Bhubaneswar, the temple town and capital of Odisha. The hospital’s clinical staffs include
strong team of highly qualified well established locally and in zone and extremely well experienced
N-1, plot no 1460/61
ASIAN INSTITUTE OF NEPHROLOGY AND UROLOGY
Asian Institute of Nephrology and Urology (AINU) is a world – class, single-specialty, renal sciences
hospital in Hyderabad. It was established in the year 2013. AINU is among the few urology and
nephrology-focused tertiary care hospitals in South India, offering a full suite of medical and surgical
services, day care services and supporting services. It is one of the youngest hospitals in the country to
achieve NABH accreditation, within two years from its inception.
Asian Institute of Nephrology and Urology
Shop No. 6-3-562/A,
Behind MORE Megastore,
Erram Manzil Colony, Somajiguda,
Hyderabad, India- 500082.
PACE Hospitals is a super specialty hospital focused on tertiary care services in the field of Medical and
Surgical Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Nephrology, Urology, GI Oncology and Andrology in Hyderabad,
Hitech City : Beside Avasa Hotel,
Pillar No. 18,
Hyderabad – 500081
PREETI UROLOGY AND KIDNEY HOSPITAL
Preeti Hospital is one of Hyderabad’s best kidney hospitals, located at KPHB Kukatpally, which has
advanced technologies to treat patients. The pre-urology and kidney hospital always provide the right
balance between staff training, patient care and research to meet the needs of its patients. The PreEmergency and Kidney Hospital in Hyderabad also has equipment and permission needed for kidney
MIG 1, 307, Road No.4, KPHB, Hyderabad-72.
KIDNEY TRANSPLANT COST IN INDIA
Kidney transplant cost in New-Delhi : Minimum =3,50,000 INR to Maximum=9,00,000 INR
Kidney transplant cost in Mumbai : Minimum =4,00,000 INR to Maximum=10,00,000 INR
Kidney transplant cost in Bangalore : Minimum =4,30,000 INR to Maximum=9,00,000 INR
Kidney transplant cost in Hyderabad : Minimum =3,50,000 INR to Maximum=8,90,000 INR
Kidney transplant cost in Chennai – Minimum =3,50,000 INR to Maximum=8,50,000 INR