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2010 FORD RANGER Service Repair Manual .pdf



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2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

2008 STEERING
Power Steering - Ranger

SPECIFICATIONS
MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Specification
MERCON® V Automatic
Transmission Fluid
MERCON® V
XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US);
CXT-5-LM12 (Canada)
Premium Long-Life Grease
XG-1-C or XG-1-K (US); CXG-1- ESA-M1C75-B
C (Canada)

Fill Capacity
1L (2.1 pt)a

-

a Capacities listed are average system capacities and may vary.

TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
Description

Nm
100
55
80
40
14
14
65
23
25
25
150
35
80

Inner tie rod
Lower steering column shaft-to-steering gear bolt
Outer tie-rod end nut
Power steering fluid cooler nuts
Power steering fluid reservoir bolts
Power steering fluid reservoir nut (3.0L)
Pressure line-to-pump fitting
Power steering pump bolts (2.3L)
Power steering pump bolts (3.0L and 4.0L)
Power steering pump pulley bolts (3.0L and 4.0L)
Steering gear nuts
Steering line clamp plate nut
Tie-rod jam nut

lb-ft
74
41
59
30
10
10
48
17
18
18
111
26
59

DESCRIPTION & OPERATION
POWER STEERING
The power steering system consists of the following components:




Power steering pump
Power steering fluid reservoir
Power steering pressure and return lines/hoses

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11:21:15 AM

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger





Power steering fluid cooler
Power steering gear
Inner tie rod

The power steering system uses a vane-type pump to move the fluid from the reservoir to the steering gear and
through the rest of the steering hydraulic system. The power steering pump is mounted to the engine and driven
by the engine accessory drive belt. Power steering fluid flows into the pump from the reservoir. The power
steering fluid is then trapped between the pump vanes and moved to the high-pressure side of the pump creating
a flow of fluid. The restriction of this flow by the steering gear creates the pressure that provides the steering
assist. A combined pressure relief/flow valve is built into the pump to control the maximum pressure and flow
provided to the steering system. This action prevents damage to the system and provides the correct level of
assist during all engine speeds. While under pressure, the power steering fluid flows through the high-pressure
power steering line to the steering gear. The fluid exits the gear and flows through the return line, cooler and
finally to the reservoir. The reservoir slows the fluid, allows air to escape and filters the fluid before returning it
to the pump.

DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
POWER STEERING
Refer to STEERING SYSTEM - GENERAL INFORMATION article.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
POWER STEERING FLUID RESERVOIR - 2.3L & 4.0L
Material
Item
MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid
XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12
(Canada)

Specification
MERCON® V

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:15 AM

Page 2

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 1: Identifying Power Steering Fluid Reservoir - 2.3L With Torque Specifications
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item

Part Number

1

W503924

2
3
4

3R700
3A713
3659

Description
Power steering fluid reservoir bolts (3
required)
Power steering fluid reservoir
Return hose
Power steering pump supply hose

Microsoft
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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 2: Exploded View Of Power Steering Fluid Reservoir - 4.0L Engine With Torque Specifications
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item
1
2

Part Number
3659
3A005

3

N606678

4

3R700

Description
Power steering pump supply hose
Return hose
Power steering fluid reservoir bolts (2
required)
Power steering fluid reservoir

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to
prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering
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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

components may result.
All vehicles
CAUTION: Do not allow power steering fluid to contact the engine accessory
drive belt or the belt may be damaged.
1. Using a suitable suction device, remove the power steering fluid from the reservoir.
2. Compress the clamp and disconnect the return hose.
3. Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose.
2.3L engines
4. Remove the 3 bolts and the power steering fluid reservoir.
 To install, tighten to 14 Nm (10 lb-ft).
4.0L engines
5. Remove the 2 bolts and the power steering fluid reservoir.
 To install, tighten to 14 Nm (10 lb-ft).
All vehicles
6. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
7. Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM - GENERAL
INFORMATION article.
POWER STEERING FLUID RESERVOIR - 3.0L
Material
Item
MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid
XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12
(Canada)

Specification
MERCON® V

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:15 AM

Page 5

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 3: Exploded View Of Power Steering Fluid Reservoir - 3.0L Engine With Torque Specifications
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item

Part Number

1

W503923

2
3
4
5

W520101
3R700
CS7617
3F731

Description
Power steering fluid reservoir bolts (2
required)
Power steering fluid reservoir nut
Power steering fluid reservoir
Power steering pump supply hose
Return hose

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to
Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:15 AM

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering
components may result.
CAUTION: Do not allow power steering fluid to contact the engine accessory
drive belt or the belt may be damaged.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Using a suitable suction device, remove the power steering fluid from the reservoir.
Compress the clamp and disconnect the return hose.
Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose.
Remove the power steering fluid reservoir nut.
 To install, tighten to 14 Nm (10 lb-ft).
5. Remove the 2 bolts and the power steering fluid reservoir.
 To install, tighten to 14 Nm (10 lb-ft).
6. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
7. Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM - GENERAL
INFORMATION article.

POWER STEERING PUMP - 2.3L
Special Tools
Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number
211-D027 (D90P-3517-A) or
equivalent

Installer Set, Teflon® Seal

Material
Item
MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid
XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12
(Canada)

Specification
MERCON® V

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:15 AM

Page 7

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 4: Identifying Power Steering Pump - 2.3L With Torque Specifications
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item
1
2
3
4
5

Part Number
3A719
W705952
C56697
3A674
N803257

Description
Pressure line-to-pump fitting
Power steering pump bolt (4 required)
Power steering pump supply hose
Power steering pump
Teflon® seal

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to
prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering
components may result.
CAUTION: Do not allow power steering fluid to contact the accessory drive belt
or the belt may be damaged.
1. Using a suitable suction device, remove the power steering fluid from the reservoir.
2. Remove the power steering pump pulley. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Pump
Pulley - 2.3L.
3. Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose.
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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

4. Disconnect the pressure line-to-pump fitting.
 Remove and discard the Teflon® seal.
 To install, tighten to 65 Nm (48 lb-ft).
5. Remove the 4 power steering pump bolts and the power steering pump.
 To install, tighten to 23 Nm (17 lb-ft).
CAUTION: A new Teflon® seal must be installed any time the pressure line
fitting is disconnected from the power steering pump or a fluid leak
may occur.
6. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
 Using the special tool, install a new Teflon® seal on the pressure line-to-pump fitting.
 Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM GENERAL INFORMATION article.

Fig. 5: Installing Teflon(R) Seal Using Special Tool
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
POWER STEERING PUMP - 3.0L
Special Tools
Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number
211-D027 (D90P-3517-A) or
equivalent

Installer Set, Teflon® Seal

Material
Item
MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid
XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12
(Canada)

Specification
MERCON® V

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:15 AM

Page 9

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 6: Exploded View Of Power Steering Pump - 3.0L Engine With Torque Specifications
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6

Part Number
N605784
3R700
CS7617
3A674
N803257
3A719

Description
Power steering pump bolt (3 required)
Power steering fluid reservoir
Power steering pump supply hose
Power steering pump
Teflon® seal
Pressure line-to-pump fitting

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to
prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering
components may result.
CAUTION: Do not allow power steering fluid to contact the engine accessory
drive belt or the belt may be damaged.
1. Using a suitable suction device, remove the power steering fluid from the reservoir.
2. Remove the power steering pump pulley. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Pump
Pulley - 3.0L, 4.0L.
3. Disconnect the pressure line-to-pump fitting.
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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Remove and discard the Teflon® seal.
 To install, tighten to 65 Nm (48 lb-ft).
4. Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose.
5. Remove the 3 bolts and the power steering pump.
 To install, tighten to 25 Nm (18 lb-ft).


CAUTION: A new Teflon® seal must be installed any time the pressure line
fitting is disconnected from the power steering pump or a fluid leak
may occur.
6. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
 Using the special tool, install a new Teflon® seal on the pressure line-to-pump fitting.
 Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM GENERAL INFORMATION article.

Fig. 7: Installing Teflon(R) Seal Using Special Tool
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
POWER STEERING PUMP - 4.0L
Special Tools
Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number
211-D027 (D90P-3517-A) or
equivalent

Installer Set, Teflon® Seal

Material
Item
MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid
XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12
(Canada)

Specification
MERCON® V

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

Page 11

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 8: Exploded View Of Power Steering Pump - 4.0L With Torque Specifications
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item
1
2
3
4
5

Part Number
3A719
3659
W700839
3A674
N803257

Description
Pressure line-to-pump fitting
Power steering pump supply hose
Power steering pump bolt (3 required)
Power steering pump
Teflon® seal

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to
prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering
components may result.
CAUTION: Do not allow power steering fluid to contact the accessory drive belt
or the belt may be damaged.
1. Using a suitable suction device, remove the power steering fluid from the reservoir.
2. Remove the engine cooling fan. For additional information, refer to ENGINE COOLING article.
3. Remove the power steering pump pulley. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Pump
Pulley - 3.0L, 4.0L.
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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

4. Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose from the power steering fluid
reservoir.
5. Disconnect the pressure line-to-pump fitting.
 To install, tighten to 65 Nm (48 lb-ft).
6. Compress the clamp and disconnect the power steering pump supply hose from the power steering pump.
7. Remove the 3 bolts and the power steering pump.
 Tighten to 25 Nm (18 lb-ft).
CAUTION: A new Teflon® seal must be installed any time the pressure line is
disconnected from the power steering pump or a fluid leak may
occur.
8. To install, reverse removal procedure.
 Using the special tool, install a new Teflon® seal on the pressure line-to-pump fitting.
 Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM GENERAL INFORMATION article.

Fig. 9: Installing Teflon(R) Seal Using Special Tool
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
POWER STEERING PUMP PULLEY - 2.3L
Special Tools
Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number

Remover, Power Steering Pump
Pulley

211-016 (T69L-10300-B)

Installer, Power Steering Pump
Pulley

211-185 (T91P-3A733-A)

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 10: Identifying Power Steering Pump Pulley - 2.3L
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item
1
2

Part Number
3D673
8620

Description
Power steering pump pulley
Accessory drive belt

REMOVAL

1. Remove the air cleaner outlet pipe. For additional information, refer to INTAKE AIR DISTRIBUTION
& FILTERING article.
2. Rotate the accessory drive belt tensioner counterclockwise and position the accessory drive belt aside.

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 11: Locating Accessory Drive Belt Tensioner
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
CAUTION: Do not install a power steering pump pulley that has been removed
and installed twice or pulley failure and/or pump damage may occur.
Inspect the pulley for paint marks in the web area near the hub. If
there are 2 paint marks, discard the pulley and install a new one. If
there is 1 paint mark or no paint marks, use a paint pencil to mark the
web area of the pulley near the hub.
3. Using the special tool, remove the power steering pump pulley.

Fig. 12: Removing Pulley Using Special Tool (211-016)
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
INSTALLATION

1. Using the special tool, install the power steering pump pulley.

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 13: Installing Pulley Using Special Tool (211-185)
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
NOTE:

For additional information on accessory drive belt routing, refer to
ACCESSORY DRIVE article.

2. Rotate the tensioner counterclockwise and position the belt on the power steering pump pulley.

Fig. 14: Locating Accessory Drive Belt Tensioner
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
3. Install the air cleaner outlet pipe. For additional information, refer to INTAKE AIR DISTRIBUTION &
FILTERING article.
POWER STEERING PUMP PULLEY - 3.0L, 4.0L

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

Page 16

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 15: Identifying Power Steering Pump Pulley - 3.0L, 4.0L With Torque Specifications
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item

Part Number

1

N605784

2
3

3A733
8620

Description
Power steering pump pulley bolts (3
required)
Power steering pump pulley
Accessory drive belt

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

NOTE:

4.0L engine shown in illustration, 3.0L engine similar.

1. Loosen the power steering pump pulley bolts.
NOTE:

For additional information on accessory drive belt routing, refer to
ACCESSORY DRIVE article.

2. Rotate the accessory drive belt tensioner counterclockwise and position the accessory drive belt aside.
3. Remove the 3 bolts and the power steering pump pulley.
 To install, tighten to 25 Nm (18 lb-ft).
4. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
INNER TIE ROD
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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Special Tools
Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number

Inner Tie-Rod Socket Tool

211-D029 or equivalent

Tie-Rod End Separator

211-105 (T85M-3395-A) or
equivalent

Material
Item
Premium Long-Life Grease
XG-1-C or XG-1-K (US); CXG-1-C (Canada)

Specification
ESA-M1C75-B

Fig. 16: Identifying Inner Tie Rod With Torque Specifications
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item

Part Number

1

N803637

Description
Tie-rod jam nut (part of 3280) (2
required)

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

2
3
4
5
6
7
8

N800895
3290
3K745
3C650A
3K661
3280
N642569

Outer tie-rod end nut (2 required)
Outer tie-rod end (2 required)
Outer bellows boot clamp (2 required)
Inner bellows boot clamp (2 required)
Steering gear bellows boot (2 required)
Inner tie rod (2 required)
Cotter pin (2 required)

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: The boots and clamps are designed to provide an airtight seal and protect
the internal components of the steering gear. If the seal is not airtight, the
vacuum generated during turning may draw water and foreign material
into the gear and damage internal components. Zip ties do not produce an
airtight seal and must not be used.
CAUTION: The inner ball joint grease is not compatible with water. Water and foreign
material trapped in the grease may damage the joint.
CAUTION: If present, the orientation of the vent tubes must be noted so the boots
and vent tubes may be installed in their original locations. Incorrect
venting may lead to internal component damage.
Coil spring suspension vehicles
1. Remove the wheel and tire. For additional information, refer to WHEELS & TIRES article.
2. Loosen the tie-rod jam nuts.
 To install, tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft).
3. Remove the outer tie-rod end cotter pin and nut.
 Discard the cotter pin.
 To install, tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft).
CAUTION: Do not damage the tie-rod end boot when installing the special tool.

4. Using the special tool, disconnect the outer tie-rod end.

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 17: Identifying Special Tool On Tie-Rod End
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
NOTE:

Count and record the number of times the outer tie-rod end turns for
assembly reference.

5. Remove the outer tie-rod end.
6. Remove the tie-rod jam nut.
NOTE:

If repairing the RH side, it will be necessary to pull back the LH inner
bellows boot to hold the steering gear.

7. Remove the inner and outer bellows boot clamps.
8. Remove the bellows boot.
CAUTION: Place the steering gear at the center position. Use a 21 mm (0.82 in)
crowfoot on the flat of the rack gear to resist rotation and to prevent
damage during removal and installation of the inner tie rod.
NOTE:

The help of an assistant may be needed for removal of the RH inner tie
rod.

9. Using the special tool, remove the inner tie rod.
 To install, tighten to 100 Nm (74 lb-ft).

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 18: Inner Tie Rod And Special Tool
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Torsion bar suspension vehicles
10. Loosen the tie-rod jam nut.
 To install, tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft).
11. Remove the steering gear. For additional information, refer to Steering Gear - Rear Wheel Drive
(RWD) or Steering Gear - Four Wheel Drive (4WD).
NOTE:

Count and record the number of times the outer tie-rod end turns for
assembly reference.

12. Remove the outer tie-rod end and jam nut.
NOTE:

If repairing the RH side, it will be necessary to pull back the LH inner
bellows boot to hold the steering gear.

13. Remove the inner and outer bellows boot clamps.
CAUTION: Place the steering gear at the center position. Use a 21 mm (0.82 in)
crowfoot on the flat of the rack gear to resist rotation and to prevent
damage during removal and installation of the inner tie rod.
NOTE:

The help of an assistant may be needed for removal of the RH inner tie
rod.

14. Using the special tool, remove the inner tie rod.
 To install, tighten to 100 Nm (74 lb-ft).

Fig. 19: Locating Inner Tie Rod
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
All vehicles
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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

CAUTION: Thoroughly remove any dirt or foreign material that is present. This
material is extremely harmful to the steering gear.
15. Thoroughly clean and inspect all the parts to be reused. Install new parts as necessary.
16. Check that the bellows boot seal is positioned correctly over the steering gear housing bead at the large
inside diameter (ID) and is in the inner tie-rod groove at the small ID.
 Check that the bellows boot seal is not twisted and the breather tube is securely inserted into the
breather nipple at both bellows boots.
NOTE:

Lubricate the inner tie rod inside groove with steering gear grease where
the bellows boot is clamped.

17. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
18. Check and if necessary adjust the front toe. For additional information, refer to SUSPENSION SYSTEM
- GENERAL INFORMATION article.
POWER STEERING FLUID COOLER
Material
Item
MERCON® V Automatic Transmission Fluid
XT-5-QM (or XT-5-QMC) (US); CXT-5-LM12
(Canada)

Specification
MERCON® V

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

Page 22

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 20: Identifying Power Steering Fluid Cooler With Torque Specifications
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item
1
2

Part Number
3A713B
3A713A

3

N800169

4

3F780

Description
Power steering fluid cooler hose
Power steering fluid cooler hose
Power steering fluid cooler nuts (2
required)
Power steering fluid cooler

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

CAUTION: While repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to
prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering
components may result.
1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. For additional information, refer to JACKING &
LIFTING article.
2. Remove the 2 power steering fluid cooler nuts.
 To install, tighten to 40 Nm (30 lb-ft).
3. Compress the clamps and disconnect the 2 power steering fluid cooler hoses.
4. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
 Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM GENERAL INFORMATION article.
STEERING GEAR - REAR WHEEL DRIVE (RWD)
Special Tools
Illustration

Tool Name

Remover, Tie-Rod End

Tool Number
211-001 (TOOL-3290-D) or
equivalent

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

Page 23

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 21: Identifying Steering Gear - Rear Wheel Drive (RWD) With Torque Specifications
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6

Part Number
W520413
3A713
3A719
N803256
N803257
N811762

7

N803942

8
9

3504
N808265

Description
Steering line clamp plate nut
Return line
Pressure line
O-ring seal
O-ring seal
Steering gear studs (2 required)
Lower steering column shaft-to-steering
gear bolt
Steering gear
Steering gear nuts (2 required)

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

10
11

N642569
N800895

Cotter pin (2 required)
Outer tie-rod end nut (2 required)

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

All vehicles
CAUTION: When repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to
prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering
components may result.
1. Remove the front wheels and tires. For additional information, refer to WHEELS & TIRES article.
2. Place the steering wheel in the straight-ahead position and remove the ignition key.
 Rotate the steering wheel until the steering column locks into position.
3.0L and 4.0L engines
3. Remove the power steering fluid cooler. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Fluid
Cooler.
All vehicles
4. Remove the outer tie-rod end cotter pins and nuts.
 Discard the cotter pins.
 To install, tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft).
CAUTION: Do not damage the tie-rod boot when installing the special tool.

NOTE:

Remove the adapter from the ball end of the special tool. Apply a small
amount of grease to the tie-rod end stud and the ball of the special tool.

5. Using special tool, separate the outer tie-rod ends from the wheel spindles.

Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 22: Separating Outer Tie Rods From Wheel Knuckles
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
CAUTION: Do not allow the steering column to rotate while the steering column
shaft is disconnected from the steering gear or damage to the
clockspring may result. If there is evidence that the steering column
has rotated, the clockspring must be removed and recentered. For
additional information, refer to SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT
SYSTEM article.
6. Remove the lower steering column shaft-to-steering gear bolt and disconnect the lower steering column
shaft from the gear.
 Discard the bolt.
 To install, tighten to 55 Nm (41 lb-ft).
7. Remove the steering line clamp plate nut and disconnect the pressure and return lines.
 Discard the O-ring seals.
 To install, tighten to 35 Nm (26 lb-ft).
8. Plug or cap the return line, pressure line and the steering gear ports to prevent the entry of dirt.
CAUTION: Hold the tops of the steering gear studs to avoid damaging the
steering gear fluid transfer tubes.
9. Remove the 2 steering gear nuts and the 2 steering gear studs.
 To install, tighten to 150 Nm (111 lb-ft).
10. Remove the steering gear.
11. If necessary, remove the outer tie-rod ends.
CAUTION: New O-ring seals must be installed any time the power steering lines
are disconnected from the steering gear or a fluid leak may occur.
12. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
 Install new power steering line O-ring seals.
13. Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM - GENERAL
INFORMATION article.
14. Check and, if necessary, adjust the front toe.
STEERING GEAR - FOUR WHEEL DRIVE (4WD)
Special Tools
Illustration

Tool Name

Tool Number

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Remover, Tie-Rod End

211-001 (TOOL-3290-D) or
equivalent

Fig. 23: Identifying Steering Gear - Four Wheel Drive (4WD) With Torque Specifications
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Item
1
2
3
4

Part Number
W520413
3A713
3A719
N803256

Description
Steering line clamp plate nut
Return line
Pressure line
O-ring seal

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

5
6

N803257
N811762

7

N803942

8

3504

9

N803637

10
11
12
13

N808265
3290
N642569
N800895

O-ring seal
Steering gear studs (2 required)
Lower steering column shaft-to-steering
gear bolt
Steering gear
Tie rod jam nut (part of 3280) (2
required)
Steering gear nuts (2 required)
Outer tie-rod end (2 required)
Cotter pin (2 required)
Outer tie-rod end nut (2 required)

REMOVAL

All vehicles
CAUTION: When repairing the power steering system, care should be taken to
prevent the entry of foreign material or failure of the power steering
components may result.
1. Remove the front wheels and tires. For additional information, refer to WHEELS & TIRES article.
2. Place the steering wheel in the straight-ahead position and remove the ignition key.
 Rotate the steering wheel until the steering column locks into position.
3.0L and 4.0L engines
3. Remove the power steering fluid cooler. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Fluid
Cooler.
All vehicles
4. Loosen the tie-rod jam nuts.
5. Remove the outer tie-rod end cotter pins and nuts.
 Discard the cotter pins.
CAUTION: Do not damage the tie-rod boot when installing the special tool.

NOTE:

Remove the adapter from the ball end of the special tool. Apply a small
amount of grease to the tie-rod end stud and the ball of the special tool.

6. Using the special tool, separate the outer tie-rod ends from the wheel knuckles.
Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

Page 28

© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 24: Separating Outer Tie Rods From Wheel Knuckles
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
7. Remove the outer tie-rod ends.
 Count and record the number of turns required to remove the outer tie-rod end.
8. Remove the stabilizer bar and link. For additional information, refer to FRONT SUSPENSION - FOUR
WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) article.
CAUTION: Do not allow the steering column to rotate while the steering column
shaft is disconnected from the steering gear or damage to the
clockspring may result. If there is evidence that the steering column
has rotated, the clockspring must be removed and recentered. For
additional information, refer to SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT
SYSTEM article.
9. Remove the lower steering column shaft-to-steering gear bolt and disconnect the shaft from the steering
gear.
 Discard the bolt.
10. Remove the steering line clamp plate nut and disconnect the pressure and return lines.
 Discard the O-ring seals.
CAUTION: Hold the tops of the steering gear studs to avoid damaging the
steering gear fluid transfer tubes.
11. Remove the 2 steering gear nuts and steering gear studs.
12. Rotate the steering gear control valve housing toward the front of the vehicle.

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Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 25: Rotating Steering Gear Control Valve Housing Toward Front Of Vehicle
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
13. Turn the steering gear input shaft to the right until the stop is reached.
14. Move the steering gear as far to the RH side of the vehicle as possible.

Fig. 26: Moving Steering Gear As Far To RH Side Of Vehicle As Possible
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
15. Move the LH inner tie rod forward to clear the frame crossmember.

Fig. 27: Locating LH Inner Tie Rod
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
16. Remove the steering gear.

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

Fig. 28: Removing Steering Gear
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
INSTALLATION

All vehicles
CAUTION: Handle the steering gear with caution to avoid damage to fluid
transfer tubes and to avoid dimples in the steering gear bellows boot.
NOTE:

Make sure the steering gear input shaft is turned to the left until the stop is
reached.

1. Turn the steering gear input shaft to the right until the stop is reached. Count and record the number of
turns required.
NOTE:

Make sure the steering gear control valve housing is turned toward the
front of the vehicle.

2. Install the steering gear into the RH opening of the crossmember.

Fig. 29: Installing Steering Gear Into RH Opening Of Crossmember
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
CAUTION: Take care not to scuff or tear the steering gear bellows boots.
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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

3. Move the steering gear as far to the RH side of the vehicle as possible.

Fig. 30: Moving Steering Gear As Far To RH Side Of Vehicle As Possible
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
4. Move the LH inner tie rod into the opening in the crossmember and move the steering gear into position.

Fig. 31: Locating LH Inner Tie Rod
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
5. To place the steering gear in the straight-ahead position, turn the steering gear input shaft to the left by
1/2 the number of turns previously recorded.
6. Rotate the steering gear control valve housing toward the rear of the vehicle.

Fig. 32: Rotating Steering Gear Control Valve Housing Toward Rear Of Vehicle
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
7. Install the 2 steering gear studs.
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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

2008 Ford Ranger
2008 STEERING Power Steering - Ranger

CAUTION: Hold the tops of the steering gear studs to avoid damaging the
steering gear fluid transfer tubes.
8. Install the 2 steering gear nuts.
 Tighten to 150 Nm (111 lb-ft).
CAUTION: New O-rings must be installed any time the lines are disconnected
from the steering gear or a fluid leak may occur.
9. Position the pressure and return lines and install the steering line clamp plate nut.
 Tighten to 35 Nm (26 lb-ft).
CAUTION: Do not allow the steering column to rotate while the steering column
shaft is disconnected from the steering gear or damage to the
clockspring may result. If there is evidence that the steering column
has rotated, the clockspring must be removed and re-centered. For
additional information, refer to SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT
SYSTEM article.
10. Connect the steering column shaft to the steering gear and install a new bolt.
 Tighten to 55 Nm (41 lb-ft).
11. Install the stabilizer bar and link. For additional information, refer to FRONT SUSPENSION - FOUR
WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) article.
12. Install the outer tie-rod ends.
 Rotate the outer tie-rod ends the number of turns recorded during removal.
13. Position the outer tie-rod ends and install the nuts and new cotter pins.
 Check that the brake disc shields are not bent and are not in contact with the outer tie-rod end
boots.
 Tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft).
3.0L and 4.0L engines
14. Install the power steering fluid cooler. For additional information, refer to Power Steering Fluid Cooler.
All vehicles
15. Tighten the tie-rod jam nuts.
 Tighten to 80 Nm (59 lb-ft).
16. Fill the power steering system. For additional information, refer to STEERING SYSTEM - GENERAL
INFORMATION article.
17. Check and, if necessary, adjust the front toe. For additional information, refer to SUSPENSION
SYSTEM - GENERAL INFORMATION article.
Microsoft
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 11:21:16 AM

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© 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

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