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McCormick GM40 Tractor Operator manual .pdf



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GM

Series
Operation and maintenance manual
Valid for the following tractor models:

Table of contents

For tractors with cab or ROPS frame model:

GENERAL INFORMATION

GM40-GM45-GM50

Tractor identification.
Introduction, warranty and safety notes.
Safety notes.
Safety decals.

INSTRUMENTS AND CONTROLS
CALIFORNIA
proposition 65 Warning
Diesel engine exhaust and some of
its constituents are known to the
State of California to cause cancer,
birth defects, and other reproductive
harm.

Controls.
Instruments.

OPERATION
Starting the engine.
Starting the tractor.
Gearbox.
Power take-off.
Four-wheel drive.
Brakes.
Differential lock
Track adjustment.
Wheels and tyres.
Auxiliary control valves.
Three point linkage.
Power lift.
Towing attachments.

MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENTS
Routine maintenance guide.
Running-in.
Tractor maintenance:
Greasing, oil level checks and changes.
Adjustments - axles, brakes and wheels.

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Replacements - fuses, bulbs and batteries.

SPECIFICATIONS
LUBRICANTS AND FUELS CHART
'CE' DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
HITCHING IMPLEMENTS
ALPHABETICAL INDEX

Publication N. OM9 - 10920 GB
Published in 2003

1

Tractor identification
Tractor identification
The tractor is identified by a serial number stamped on
the front support and on the bonnet. The engine serial
number is stamped on the engine block.
Always state the chassis and engine serial numbers to
ensure prompt and efficient service when ordering
spare parts or when asking for technical explanations
or other information..
ENGINE

MODEL

A

OUTPUT

Chassis serial number .....................................................
Engine serial number .......................................................
Cab serial number ............................................................
Type of tractor .................................................................

A.

Engine type and serial number.

Owner / Operator .............................................................
Address of Dealer ............................................................
.........................................................................................
Delivery date ....................................................................

1

3

2

4

Warranty expiry date ........................................................

NOTE: Look after this Operation and Maintenance
Manual carefully and consult it whenever in doubt.
This publication has been written in compliance with International Standard ISO
3600 'Guide for: information, contents and presentation of operation and
maintenance manuals supplied with tractors and machinery for agricultural and
forestal use'.

Type of tractor and chassis serial number (lower
dashboard panel).

Chassis type and serial number.

2

Introduction, warranty and safety notes

Table of contents

Page N°

Introduction ..........................................................................
Warranty, pre-delivery ...........................................................
Safety notes ..........................................................................
Danger symbols and their terms ..........................................
Safety: Introduction ..............................................................
Advice for the operator .........................................................
Comply with the safety regulations .....................................
ROPS safety frame ...............................................................
Precautions for safe operation .............................................
Tractor maintenance .............................................................
Starting ..................................................................................
Working in safety ..................................................................
Safety ....................................................................................
After use ...............................................................................
Safety decals and their positions .........................................

4
5
5
6
6
6
7
8
9
11
11
12
18
18
21

3

Introduction and warranty
Introduction
This manual has been written to provide the owner and
user with reliable and clear instructions on tractor
operation and maintenance.
By following the instructions in the manual, you will
not only get many years of efficient and faithful service
from your MCCORMICK tractor, but you will make your
work much easier.
Your dealer will give you operating and maintenance
instructions when you take delivery of your new tractor
and will make sure you have understood them
correctly. However, should any part of this manual not
be clear to you, do not hesitate to contact your
nearest dealer for explanations. It is very important for
you to understand and strictly comply with these
instructions. Carry out the maintenance checks daily
and keep note of the number of hours the tractor has
worked.
Use only genuine MCCORMICK spare parts when
replacements are required. MCCORMICK local agents
not only supply genuine spare parts. They can also
give useful hints and instructions on how they are to
be mounted and used. Remember that non-genuine
parts can damage other components. You are
therefore strongly advised to purchase any spare parts
that may be necessary from an authorized
MCCORMICK agent or dealer.

NOTE: This manual has been written for world-wide
distribution. Standard or optional equipment may vary
depending on the territory in which the tractor is to
operate. Your local dealer will be pleased to provide
you with details of all optional extras available in your
area.
NOTE: Some of the illustrations in this manual have
been taken from photographs of prototypes. Standard
production models may differ in some parts.
WARNING: In order to make the illustrations clearer,
certain of the figures in this manual show the machine
with some of the safety panels or guards removed.
NEVER use the machine without these panels or guards
in position.

CAUTION and WARNING

The tremendous variety of conditions in which tractors
work the world over mean that MCCORMICK cannot
provide perfectly accurate and up to date information
on the performance and efficiency of the tractors it
manufactures. The company therefore accepts no
responsibility for loss or damage caused by its
publications or any error or omission therein. Should
the vehicle ever be used in particularly adverse
conditions (e.g. in heavy soils or very muddy conditions) contact your local dealer for specific instructions. Failure to do so may render null and void the
warranty on your tractor.

These terms are used in this manual and on the safety
decals to indicate operations that have serious implications for the safety of the machine parts (CAUTION) or
for the safety of the operator (WARNING). Please
therefore read the texts indicated with the words
CAUTION or WARNING very carefully. Next to them you
will see the symbol
.

Customers are strongly advised to refer any difficulties
in use or assistance to authorized dealers. The
MCCORMICKdealership network is specially equipped
and trained to provide assistance and to advise
customers on how to use the tractor in special
working conditions.

NOTE: The "left" and "right" positions mentioned in this
manual refer to the tractor as viewed from behind or
when sitting in the driving seat looking forward.

The names and addresses of dealers throughout the
world may be obtained from the address indicated on
the next page.

4

Introduction and warranty
Warranty, pre-delivery inspection,
and delivery
New products purchased through authorized dealers
are guaranteed, within certain limits, against defects in
materials and manufacture.
This manual is published for world-wide distribution. It
is thus impossible to describe the exact terms and
conditions of warranties in every single country.
Purchasers of new tractors are kindly requested to
ask their local Dealer for full details.
Since it is a MCCORMICK policy to make constant
improvements to all its products, the specifications of
its tractors may be modified at any moment and
without notice.
MCCORMICK declines all responsibility for
discrepancies between a tractor's actual features and
the descriptions given in this manual.
Your dealer is obliged to provide a number of specific
services when delivering a new tractor.
These services include a thorough examination of the
tractor prior to delivery to ensure that it is perfectly
functional and ready for immediate use, and an
explanation of all tractor operating and maintenance
instructions. These instructions cover the instruments
and controls, periodical maintenance and safety
precautions.
It is essential for all those involved in tractor operation
or maintenance to participate in this course.
MCCORMICKdeclines all responsibility for any damage
caused by the use of non-approved parts.
NOTE: Please refer to the 'Warranty Book' provided
with each tractor sold for the conditions of warranty or
for any problems concerning them.
NOTE: MCCORMICK declines all responsibility in the
case of claims for damages deriving from use of spare
parts or accessories that are not of the approved type.

Safety notes
The operator's safety is one of the main concerns of
those who design and develop new tractors and the
greatest possible number of safety devices are
included. Despite this fact, many accidents happen
every year that could have been avoided if the
operator had taken greater care when handling
farming machinery and equipment. Read this manual!
It will help you to avoid potential accidents. To
illustrate parts more clearly, some of the drawings in
this manual show panels or guards removed.
Remember that the tractor must never be used in
these conditions. Leave all panels and guards in place.
If you have to remove one to carry out repairs, you
MUST fit it back in place before starting the tractor.
Remove and replace guards ONLY with the engine
switched off. DO NOT remove or cancel any Caution,
Warning or Danger Instruction decals. Replace decals
that are missing or illegible. If the decals are missing
or damaged, new ones can be obtained from your
local dealer. The exact position for each safety decal
is shown in this manual. If you have purchased a used
tractor second-hand, check to make sure that all
safety decals are in the right positions and that they
are perfectly legible.

Use of the tractor on public roads
USA and Canada only
When driving the tractor and its implements on main
and secondary roads (at a speed of no more than 40
kph (25 mph), by day or by night, turn on the side
lights and display a Slow-Moving Vehicle sign. In most
places, the use of flashing amber warning lights is
permitted. In some areas however, use of these lights
is forbidden by law. Make sure you are familiar with
local legal requirements for warning lights and vehicle
identification symbols when driving on main roads.
Use the safety chain. Consult the operator's instruction
manual provided with the implement or the farming
machine attached to your tractor.

All other countries
Make sure you are familiar with the traffic regulations
and abide by statutory regulations when driving your
tractor on public roads, with or without any
implements in tow. Always observe any regulations
concerning the transport of projecting equipment or
loads.

5

Safety notes
SAFETY AND DANGER SYMBOLS AND TERMS
This safety symbol means WARNING! BE CAREFUL YOU ARE IN DANGER!

This warning symbol shows that the manual contains important safety information about the machine.
When you see this symbol, watch out for potentially serious injury to the person.
Comply with the instructions given in the safety message.

WHY IS SAFETY IMPORTANT FOR YOU?
 ACCIDENTS CAN MAIM OR KILL 
 ACCIDENTS ARE COSTLY 
 ACCIDENTS ARE AVOIDABLE 
Safety on the tractor and implement
The tractor is a source of - Mechanical power - Hydraulic power.
On its own, a tractor is of little practical value.
Only when it is used with an implement or other equipment does it become a working unit.
This manual has been written to explain safe working practices that must be applied when using the tractor.
It does not cover all safety operations and instructions for all available implements and equipment that may be fitted
at the time of delivery or at some later date.
The operator must understand and abide by the instructions provided in the manuals of such implements and
equipment.

Safety: introduction
The safety section of your Operation and Maintenance
manual intends to highlight and point out some of the
safety situations that you may come across during
normal use and maintenance of your tractor and to
suggest ways of dealing with these circumstances.
This section does NOT substitute any other safety
regulations mentioned in other parts of this manual.
Extra precautions may be necessary depending on the
implements being used and the operating conditions
at the work site or in the service area. MCCORMICK
has no direct control over the applications, operations,
inspection, lubrication or maintenance of the tractor
and it is thus YOUR responsibility to follow good
safety practices at all times.

6

Safety: rules for the operator
It is YOUR responsibility to read and understand the
safety section in this manual before you start using
the tractor. You must follow these safety instructions
as they take you step by step through your working
day.
In reading this section, you will notice that illustrations
are used to explain certain potentially dangerous
situations. Each illustration has a number and the
same number appears in brackets in the text. This
number is placed at the end of the text that refers to
the illustration.
Always remember that YOU are responsible for your
safety. Good safety practices not only protect you, but
also the people around you. Make sure you fully
understand the safety measures in this manual and
apply them at all times.

Safety notes
Always bear in mind that this safety section has been
written specifically for this type of machine: remember
to put into practice the safety rules that you learn from
daily experience. REMEMBER - YOU ARE
RESPONSIBLE FOR SAFETY. YOU CAN PREVENT
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH. Always keep the
Operations and Maintenance Manual to hand. Keep it
in the tool box or in a cab storage compartment if
fitted. Read this manual carefully and learn to use the
tractor and the controls safely. Never let anyone drive
the tractor without their first having understood all the
necessary instructions.

Safety - Danger, Warning and Caution
Every time you see the words and symbols shown
below in the manual and on the safety decals, you
MUST take note of their instructions and warnings.
DANGER: This symbol together with the word
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous
situation that, if not avoided, will result in
DEATH OR VERY SERIOUS INJURY.
WARNING: This symbol together with the word
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation that if not avoided, could result in
DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
CAUTION: This symbol together with the word
CAUTION is used to indicate a potentially
hazardous situation that, if not avoided, may
result in SERIOUS INJURY.
IMPORTANT: The word IMPORTANT is used to identify
special instructions or procedures which, if not strictly
observed, could result in DAMAGE, OR DESTRUCTION
OF THE MACHINE.
NOTE: The word NOTE is used to indicate points of
particular interest for more efficient and convenient
repair or operation.

Decals
WARNING: DO NOT remove or obscure
DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION or
INSTRUCTION DECALS. Replace any Danger,
Warning, Caution or Instruction decals that
are not readable or are missing. Replacement
decals are available from your Dealer in the
event of loss or damage. The location of these
Safety Decals is illustrated at the end of this
section.
If a used tractor has been purchased, refer to the
illustrations at the end of this section to ensure that all
the safety warning decals are in the correct position
and are readable.

Follow the safety regulations
For safe operation
For safe operation, only fully qualified and authorized
operators are to use tractors. To qualify as an operator,
you must understand the instructions in this manual,
have training and know and understand the relevant
safety and work regulations.
For example, some regulations specify that nobody
under the age of 16 may use a work vehicle: this
includes tractors. It is your responsibility to know
these regulations and to comply with them at all
times.
They include the following instructions for using the
tractor safely.
WARNING: The operator must never use alcohol
or drugs that can affect his attention or the
coordination of his movements. An operator
who is prescribed narcotics or who uses them in
controlled amounts must have medical
authorization to use the tractor in conditions of
safety.

Observe the following precautions

NOT allow children or unauthorized persons to
• DO
drive your tractor.
your seat belt if the tractor is fitted with a
• Fasten
roll-over protective structure.
possible, do not use the tractor near
• Whenever
ditches or embankments.
speed when turning the tractor, crossing
• Reduce
slopes and on rough, slippery or muddy surfaces.

• Keep clear of slopes too steep for safe operation.
where you are going - especially at row
• Watch
ends and around trees.
let anyone else ride the tractor or the
• NEVER
implement.
the tractor smoothly, with no sudden
• Operate
movements: do not turn, start or stop abruptly.
only to the drawbar and recommended hitch
• Hitch
points - NEVER hitch above the central line of the
rear axle.

the parking brake whenever the tractor is
• Apply
stopped.

• Never alter or remove any part of the equipment.
• Keep others well clear of your work area.
use attachments that are not designed for
• NEVER
your tractor.

7

Safety notes
Roll Over Protective Structure
(ROPS)
Roll over protective structure (ROPS)
Either a roll-over protective structure or a cab is
mounted as standard equipment together with a seat
belt: if the safety structure or cab have been removed,
you are advised to fit the tractor with a safety
structure or cab and a seat belt. A ROPS structure or a
ROPS cab reduce the risk of injury should the tractor
roll over. Rolling over without a ROPS or ROPS cab
can cause damage, serious injury or death.

Use

using the tractor, ensure that the ROPS
• Before
frame or the ROPS cab has not been damaged and
that it is securely fastened to the tractor.

NOT attach chains, cables, etc. to the ROPS
• DO
frame or to the ROPS cab for towing purposes as

this could cause the tractor to tip up: always use the
drawbar for this purpose.

Fig. 1. 1A.

fasten your seat belt (only if applicable). Do
• Always
not wear the seat belt if the tractor is not equipped
with a ROPS or cab.

the seat belt for damage. Damaged belts
• Check
must be replaced.

Damaged ROPS or cabs
If the tractor has rolled over and the ROPS or the cab
have been damaged, they must be replaced in order to
ensure the original degree of protection.
After an accident, check the ROPS or cab, the driving
seat, the seat belt and the anchor points of the seat
belt. Replace all damaged parts before using the tractor
again.
DO NOT WELD, DRILL, BEND OR STRAIGHTEN THE
ROPS OR CAB: to do so reduces the degree of protection that is ensured by the original equipment.

Safety precautions

Fig. 1. 1B.

Protect yourself
Wear all protective clothing and any personal protection
devices called for by the work conditions. Never take
risks (Fig. 1. 2).
You need the following protective clothing:
A hard hat.


• Safety goggles or mask.
• Hearing protection.
• Respirator or filter mask.
• Clothing for bad weather.
• Reflective clothing.
duty gloves (neoprene for chemicals, leather
• Heavy
for heavy duty jobs).
• Safety shoes.
8

Fig. 1. 2

Safety notes
Tie up long hair and DO NOT wear loose clothing,
jewellery or other items that might catch on controls or
other parts of the tractor.
You are advised to have fire extinguishers and a first
aid kit and to know where they are located. You
should also know where the emergency equipment is
kept and how to obtain help quickly. Make sure you
know how to use this equipment (Fig. 1. 3).

Know your tractor
Know your tractor. Learn how to operate the tractor
and the implements and equipment that are used with
it. Learn the purpose of each control and instrument.
You must know the payload capacity, the range of
speeds, braking and steering characteristics, the
steering lock, etc.
Remember that rain, snow, ice and soft ground can
affect the movement of your tractor. When on
slippery or steep surfaces, be especially careful and
engage the four-wheel drive if fitted.

Fig. 1. 3

Study the DANGER, WARNING and CAUTION
decals on your tractor and the information they
contain.
BEFORE TURNING ON THE ENGINE, READ THIS
MANUAL CAREFULLY AND LEARN TO USE THE
MACHINE CORRECTLY IN CONDITIONS OF ABSOLUTE
SAFETY (Fig. 1. 4).
IF THERE IS ANYTHING IN THIS MANUAL THAT YOU DO
NOT UNDERSTAND, ASK SOMEONE WHO HAS MORE
EXPERIENCE (SUCH AS YOUR DEALER) TO EXPLAIN IT
TO YOU.
IMPORTANT: This manual covers the safety regulations for farming tractors. Keep this manual in your
tractor. Further copies can be obtained from your
dealer.

Use all available protection and safety systems
Keep all protective devices in place and secured. Make sure
that all protective devices, guards and safety signs are
mounted correctly and that they are in good working order.
To ensure your safety and that of anyone else present,
the tractor must be equipped with:
ROPS frame or ROPS cab and seat belt in North
America that must be worn at all times.



• PTO shield.

Fig. 1. 4
The following are also needed:
An extinguisher.


• Rear view mirrors.
(Slow-Moving Vehicle) emblem in North
• SMV
America.
• Additional safety guards and lights.
You must know which safety devices are required for
safe operation of your tractor. Use them. Make sure
they are in place and in working order. NEVER remove
or disconnect any safety devices.

9

Safety notes
Check the equipment
Before starting your day's work, take time to check
your tractor and ensure that all systems are in good
working order.
Check for loose, broken, missing or damaged
parts. Make any repairs that may be necessary.



• Make sure all safety devices are in place.
the ROPS and seat belt for damage. Replace
• Check
the ROPS or belt if damaged.
that implements and attachments are
• Ensure
properly fixed and that the tractor and implement
PTO RPM ratings match.

the tyres for cuts, cracks, wear and correct
• Check
pressure. Replace damaged or worn tyres.
the operation of the brake padels and
• Check
parking brake. Adjust if necessary.
the engine and wait for it to cool before
• Stop
refuelling.

Fig. 1. 5

NOT smoke while refuelling the tractor (Fig. 1.
• DO
5). Keep flames at a safe distance.

• Check the engine oil level and top up if required.
all maintenance and adjustment procedure
• Perform
outlines in the Routine Maintenance section.
that the PTO safety locking devices are
• Check
connected.
that the PTO guard and drivelines are
• Check
correctly mounted.
the hydraulic systems of the tractor and
• Check
implements.
WARNING: Diesel fuel or hydraulic fluids under
pressure can harm the skin and eyes and cause
serious injury or death. Leaks of fluid under
pressure may not be visible. Use a piece of card
or wood to locate the leak. Never use your bare
hand. Always wear protective goggles. If any fluid
is injected into the skin, it must be removed
surgically within a few hours by a doctor
familiar with this type of injury (Fig. 1. 6).
Before applying pressure to the fuel injection system or
to the hydraulic system, make sure that all connections
are tight and that none of the rigid or flexible pipes is
damaged. Before disconnecting the fuel or hydraulic
lines, be sure to relieve all pressure from the circuit.

10

Fig. 1. 6

Safety notes
WARNING: The cooling system is under pressure when the engine is hot. Turn off the engine
and let it cool before removing the radiator
cap. Gently loosen the cap one turn and release
any residual pressure before unscrewing it
completely.
Check the engine cooling system and add coolant as
required.

Cleaning

• Keep the engine clean.
washing the tractor, always lower imple• Before
ments to the ground, place the transmission in

neutral, engage the parking brake, switch off the
engine and remove the key.

the steps, pedals and floor clean.
• Keep
Remove any grease and oil. Remove dust, mud

and any other dirt. Clear away snow or ice in
winter. Remember - slippery surfaces are dangerous.

Fig. 1. 7

• Remove and put away tools, keys, hooks, etc.
Servicing the tractor

service the tractor while the engine is
• Never
running or hot or when the tractor is moving (Fig.
1. 7).



Before servicing or adjusting the electrical system,
disconnect the battery cables, negative (-) cable
first.

prevent fires or explosions, keep flames well
• To
clear of the battery and from cold-weather starting
aids.

making repairs or adjustments, you are
• When
advised to consult your dealer or have the work
carried out by a skilled technician.

implements and/or tractor must be supported
• The
on suitable blocks or stands. NOT on hydraulic
jacks.

all nuts and bolts periodically for tightness,
• Check
especially hub and rim nuts. Tighten to the prescribed torque values.

the brakes regularly and adjust if neces• Check
sary. Make sure that the brakes are correctly

adjusted and that they are both coupled together,
especially when using a trailer or traveling on a
road.

Protect the environment

is illegal to pollute drains, water courses or the
• Itsoil.
Use authorized waste disposal facilities or

garages providing waste oil disposal facilities. If in
doubt, contact your local authority for advice.

Starting
Warn bystanders before starting up
Before turning on the engine, walk round the tractor
and any attached equipment. Check that there is
nobody under or near it. Warn other workers or
onlookers that you are about to start up the tractor
and do not turn the key until everyone is away from
the tractor, implement or trailer.
Before starting the engine, make sure that any bystanders, particularly children, are well away from the
tractor.

Getting on and off the tractor
When getting on and off the tractor, always face it and
use three points of contact.
("Three points of contact" means keeping both hands
and one foot, or one hand and two feet in contact with
the tractor at all times when getting on or off the
tractor).
Clean your shoes and dry your hands before getting
on. Make use of the appropriate steps, grab handles
and handrails when getting on and off the tractor.
NEVER use control levers as a handhold and never
step on foot controls when getting on or off.
NEVER try to get on or off a moving tractor.
NEVER under any circumstances jump off the tractor.

11

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