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OPERATOR'S MANUAL
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

CMA-9000
OPERATIONAL PROGRAM
S/W 169-616414-056

This document is not export controlled technical data or technology.

Esterline CMC Electronics
600 Dr. Frederik Philips Boulevard
Ville Saint-Laurent, Quebec, Canada
H4M 2S9

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

OPERATOR'S MANUAL
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

CMA-9000
OPERATIONAL PROGRAM
S/W 169-616414-056

This document is not export controlled technical data or technology.

Esterline CMC Electronics
600 Dr. Frederik Philips Boulevard
Ville Saint-Laurent, Quebec, Canada
H4M 2S9
Item No.: 930-600183-000

July 16, 2015

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.
Not export controlled.

WE VALUE YOUR COMMENTS
PLEASE EVALUATE OUR PUBLICATION
AND LET US KNOW

Although we constantly strive for accuracy and clarity, we may make errors on occasion. If we do, we
would appreciate your comments to improve this manual.
Please use the following Customer Comments form at:
http://www.cmcelectronics.ca/customer-support-request-form.aspx to inform us of any correction or send
us a marked-up copy of this publication. We will acknowledge your comments and notify you of any
intended action.
Your assistance in improving this manual is sincerely appreciated.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.
Not export controlled.

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.
Not export controlled.

CUSTOMER COMMENTS
PUBLICATION TITLE:
MANUAL P/N:
DATE OF ISSUE:
REVISION DATE:
COMMENTS:

PAGE
NO.

PARAGRAPH

LINE
NO.

FIGURE
NO.

TABLE
NO.

CHANGE AND REASON

NAME:
POSITION:
TELEPHONE:
E-MAIL ADDRESS:
COMPANY'S NAME & ADDRESS:

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.
Not export controlled.

From:______________________________
PLACE
POSTAGE
HERE

CMC Electronics Inc.
CUSTOMER SUPPORT
600 DR. FREDERIK PHILIPS BOULEVARD
VILLE ST. LAURENT, QUEBEC,
CANADA H4M 2S9

FOLD BACK
………………………………………………………………………………………. ......................................................................................................................................

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Not export controlled.

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

RECORD OF REVISIONS
ASSIGNED TO (JOB TITLE)

REV.
NO.

REVISION
DATE

0

Jul 16/15

INSERTION
DATE

LOCATION

BY

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communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

On receipt of revisions, insert pages and record
date inserted and initial.

REV.
NO.

REVISION
DATE

INSERTION
DATE

BY

Page RR-1
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page RR-2
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

PURPOSE OF OPERATOR'S MANUAL
This Operator's Manual applies only to CMA-9000 Flight Management Systems (FMS) which incorporate the
specific operational program(s) indicated on the cover page.
This manual describes the capabilities, components, typical flight applications, and operating procedures for the
CMA-9000 family of the Flight Management Systems (FMS).
THIS MANUAL IS INTENDED TO BE A GENERIC MANUAL FOR ALL FMS APPLICATIONS. THE
PROCEDURES DESCRIBED HEREIN INCLUDE ALL THE AVAILABLE DISPLAYS AND CONTROLS. When the
CMA-9000 FMS is set up through the configuration procedures, as described in the installation manual, some of
the features described herein may be disabled and not displayed.
CAUTION
THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN NAVIGATION DATABASES IS NOT CERTIFIED BY A
REGULATORY AUTHORITY; THEREFORE, THE USER IS ULTIMATELY RESPONSIBLE FOR
ENSURING THAT DATA IS CORRECT PRIOR TO USE.
ALL FMSs ARE CERTIFIED FOR IFR NAVIGATION UNDER THE CONDITION THAT ANY
INFORMATION TAKEN FROM THE DATABASE BE VERIFIED AGAINST AN INDEPENDENT SOURCE
PRIOR TO USE. IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT PILOTS COMPLY WITH THIS REQUIREMENT BY USING
APPROACH, TERMINAL AND ENROUTE CHARTS TO CHECK FOR DISCREPANCIES IN FMS
GENERATED NAVIGATION DATA.
IF THERE ARE ANY DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN THE INFORMATION FROM THE FMS DATABASE
AND THE OFFICIAL PUBLISHED HARD COPY, THE PILOTS MUST FOLLOW THE HARD COPY
PROCEDURE, AND ADVISE THE FMS DATABASE SUPPLIER OF THE DISCREPANCY.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page OR-1
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

OPERATIONAL APPROVAL
AND LIMITATIONS
OPERATIONAL APPROVAL
Approval of the CMA-9000 FMS for VFR/IFR operation must be obtained from the Civil Aviation Authority of the
country of registration of the aircraft.
When operated with any of the external GPS equipment listed in Figure 5B Approved Installation Configurations
with GPS Equipment of the Installation Flight Line Manual, the CMA-9000 FMS has been approved for VFR/IFR
GPS supplemental navigation in en-route, terminal and non-precision approach.
LIMITATIONS
Limitations on the operation of the system and its particular installation, are outlined in the Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement (AFMS).
In particular the operational manual is affected by the way the equipment has been configured with respect to its
installation. Instructions for installation and configuration are provided in the Installation Manual. It is expected
that the installer takes into account the “Installation Considerations and Limitations” provided in Section 1.L. of
the Installation Manual to plan the installation and operation of the aircraft and to obtain TC or STC approval.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page OR-2
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

SECTION 1 - INTRODUCTION

CONTENTS
Subject

Page

SYSTEM OVERVIEW ........................................................................................................................................ 1-1
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION .......................................................................................................................... 1-2
A. Flight Management System (FMS) with Embedded Display Unit .......................................................... 1-2
B. External Global Positioning System (GPS) Receiver ............................................................................. 1-2
NAVIGATION MODES ...................................................................................................................................... 1-3
A. GPS .............................................................................................................................................................. 1-3
B. DME/DME .................................................................................................................................................... 1-4
C. VOR/DME .................................................................................................................................................... 1-4
D. Inertial ......................................................................................................................................................... 1-4
E. Dead Reckoning (DR) ................................................................................................................................ 1-4
WAYPOINT NAVIGATION ................................................................................................................................ 1-5
TERMINAL AREA OPERATIONS AND GPS INSTRUMENT APPROACHES ................................................ 1-7
NAVIGATION DATABASE ................................................................................................................................ 1-7
PHASES OF FLIGHT ........................................................................................................................................ 1-7
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS .............................................................................................................. 1-8

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 1-i
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 1-ii
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
The CMA-9000 Flight Management System (FMS) provides a complete Global Navigation System (GNS) and
area navigation (RNAV) solution for world-wide four-dimensional aircraft navigation in the oceanic/remote, enroute, terminal and non-precision approach. It includes extensive flight management capabilities and a full
range of navigation and flight planning features, together with simple route and flight plan creation and
modification procedures. A world-wide subscription navigation database, stored in a non-volatile memory,
provides the FMS with information on waypoints, navaids, airports, terminal area procedures, airways... In
addition the database is capable of storing customer defined routes and waypoints. The CMA-9000 also
integrates the functionality of Radio Management System (RMS) and Multi-Function Control Display Unit
(MCDU) into a standalone, cockpit mounted enclosure.
In dual/triple FMS installations, the synchronization is established automatically on power-up.
Flight management capabilities include:
• Multi-sensor navigation modes
• Navigation performance monitoring and alerting
• Flight planning
• Standard Instrument Departure (SID)
• Standard Terminal Arrival Routes (STAR)
• Instrument approaches (RNAV, GPS, ILS, VOR, NDB, …)

LP/LPV approaches are supported when the FMS is used with the CMA-4024 GLSSU
• Direct-to/intercept navigation, holding patterns, procedure turns, arcs and offset tracks
• Lateral guidance along flight plan
• Automatic waypoint sequencing, with and without turn anticipation
• Navigation and communications radio tuning functions


For some aircraft models:
• Vertical flight planning and performance initialization
• Performance predictions and vertical profile generation
• Vertical guidance along computed profile

The FMS accepts data from the following navigation sensors, if installed:
• Global Positioning System (GPS)
• Distance Measuring Equipment (DME)
• VHF Omni-directional Range (VOR)
• TACAN
• Inertial Reference System (IRS)
• Heading Source (AHRS)
• Air Data Computer
Information from these sensors is combined to determine aircraft position. This position is then used for
navigating along a programmed flight plan created by selecting procedures/waypoints from the navigation
database.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 1-1
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
A. Flight Management System (FMS) with Embedded Display Unit
The CMA-9000 provides a color display of alphanumeric data. An alphanumeric keyboard allows data
entry, data editing and system control of the flight management functions.
The display is a sunlight readable color Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display (AMLCD). Dedicated function
keys and line select keys allow easy operator control of flight management functions. The keyboard panel is
integrally lit from a panel light dimming bus. The front panel is illustrated in Section 2 along with an
explanation of the keys and their function.
For the control of the display brightness, two options are proposed. The first option consists in the
combination of light sensors and manual brightness setting. Two light sensors on the FMS front panel sense
any change in the cockpit ambient light level. This results in an increase or decrease in display brightness
relative to a manual brightness setting. The second option consists in an external dimming bus.
The Flight Management Unit (FMU) accepts data from external navigation sensors and performs all the
signal processing and computations required to generate high performance navigation data. The FMU
accepts operator’s commands from the alphanumeric keyboard, provides navigation, steering and status
data on its own display and to the primary navigation flight displays. The FMU also provides suitably
formatted outputs for the flight guidance system.
B. External Global Positioning System (GPS) Receiver
The external GPS Receiver receives signals transmitted by US DoD Global Positioning System satellites. It
provides all the signal processing and computational capability required to determine aircraft position,
velocity and time. The GPS sensor continuously monitors the integrity of the satellites using a SBAS satellite
source (for TSO-C145a/C146 receivers) or an embedded high performance Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitor (RAIM) (for TSO-C129a receivers).

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 1-2
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

NAVIGATION MODES
The FMS follows a hierarchical navigation mode system using TSO-approved sensors characterized by the
following decreasing priority order:
Navigation modes
GPS

Sensor

Inertial

TSO-C129a B1/C1 GPS sensor (or TSOC145/C146)
TSO-C66c DME receiver
TSO-C66c DME receiver;
TSO-C40c VOR receiver
TSO-C4c, TSO-C6d IRS

Dead Reckoning

Heading + TAS inputs

DME/DME
VOR/DME

The FMS will use GPS data for navigation provided the GPS Horizontal Integrity Limit (HIL) meets the phase of
flight requirement. Otherwise, the FMS will select the next best navigation mode meeting the TSO-C115b
accuracy requirement (95% confidence factor) for the phase of flight, following the above priority order.
This complies with TSO-C129a and TSO-C115b. The following navigation modes are supported:
A. GPS
GPS is the highest priority navigation mode of the FMS, and will be used when sufficient satellite coverage
exists in the phases of flight for which it is approved.
The GPS mode is selected for navigation by the FMS when the GPS receiver computes an Integrity
value(HIL or HPL) which is less than the Required Accuracy or Error Limit for the current phase of flight
being either approach, terminal or En-Route. The GPS receivers may derive the integrity(HPL) using SBAS
uplink or will use RAIM (HIL) when there is no SBAS source available. GPS receivers approved for TSOC145/C146 are capable of using the SBAS signal. When the HIL or HPL exceeds the alert limit, or if the
GPS loses its integrity capability, then:


If GPS is the only sensor available for navigation:
GPS will remain selected for navigation, but the GPS Integrity annunciator will illuminate and the
“GPS POS UNCERTAIN” alert message will be displayed.
If at any time GPS becomes unavailable for navigation, the FMS will revert to the Dead Reckoning
(DR) mode of navigation, the GPS integrity annunciator will illuminate, and the “GPS NAV LOST”
alert message will be displayed.



If additional sensors are available and approved for the phase of flight (DME/DME or
VOR/DME):
The FMS will continuously compute an ANP based on the difference of two positions (GPS and
other sensor) and the accuracy of the other sensor. If this ANP exceeds the required accuracy, or if
at any time the GPS sensor becomes unavailable for navigation, the FMS will revert to the next best
IFR-approved navigation mode, the GPS Integrity annunciator will illuminate, and the “GPS NAV
LOST” alert message will be displayed.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 1-3
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
B. DME/DME
DME/DME is used in areas with sufficient DME and TACAN coverage, provided the appropriate navigation
database is configured. In this mode the FMS automatically tunes the DME transceiver, acquiring distance
information from up to six DME and TACAN (DME capable) ground stations. The DME distance is
corrected for slant range error. Information on the DME facilities in use is displayed on the DME STATUS
page, and individual stations can be inhibited from the navigation solution from the VHF NAV DESELECT
page.
C. VOR/DME
VOR/DME navigation is used in areas with sparse DME coverage where there are less than three DME
stations available. This mode combines co-located DME distance and VOR bearing to determine position.
Tuned facility information is displayed on the VOR/DME STATUS page. Individual stations can be inhibited
from the navigation solution from the VHF NAV DESELECT page.
D. Inertial
The FMS inertial navigation mode is based on the following parameters:
• Present Position Latitude and Longitude;
• North-South velocity;
• East-West velocity.
The FMS uses the raw Inertial position and velocities provided by the IRS.
When the FMS is interfaced with 3 IRS, the resulting inertial navigation mode position will be a weighted
average of the 3 IRS raw inertial positions.
E. Dead Reckoning (DR)
When the external sensor data inputs become insufficient to maintain the normal navigation modes, the
FMS reverts to the dead reckoning mode of navigation. The FMS must then rely on the last known aircraft
position, combined with heading and TAS inputs, and the last valid computed wind, for its aircraft position
calculation. Prolonged DR operation will result in decreased position accuracy. Alerts are provided when
the estimated position accuracy exceeds the requirements for each phase of flight.
Refer to Section 12 for additional information on the various FMS navigation modes.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 1-4
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

WAYPOINT NAVIGATION
The FMS navigates from waypoint to waypoint sequentially, automatically changing the legs, and displays all
required navigation parameters, computed according to the relationships and direction sense illustrated in
Figure 1-1.
The FMS steering function anticipates the next leg prior to reaching the active waypoint so that the aircraft turns
are smooth without any overshoot. Waypoints may be defined as either fly-by (with turn anticipation) or fly-over
(no turn anticipation). For fly-over transition the aircraft is considered to have passed a given point when it has
crossed the perpendicular to the desired track at that point (wayline). Thus, for leg sequencing to occur, the
aircraft needs only to pass abeam the waypoint. For fly-by leg transition, leg switching, in most cases, occurs
when the aircraft passes the bisector of the active leg and the next leg.
After the last defined waypoint is overflown, or when a route discontinuity is active, the FMS will invalidate its roll
steering to the autopilot/flight director (AP/FD) system, thus forcing the AP/FD to revert to a basic lateral mode.
Angular inputs to the FMS may be referenced to either magnetic or true north. The input mode is installation
dependent as defined in the Airplane Flight Manual Supplement. The reference used for the FMS angular
displays and outputs to the flight instruments, can also be selected by the operator.
NOTE: On certain installations only magnetic angular reference is supported, due to Display System
limitations.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 1-5
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

NORTH

WIND DIRECTION
(WD)

BEARING TO
WAYPOINT (BRG)

WINDSPEED
(WS)

DESIRED
TRACK
(DTK)

DRIFT
ANGLE
(DA)
RIGHT

D
IN
W
AD
E
H
ND
WI ED
E
SP S)
(W
S
OS
CR IND
W

GROUND
TRACK ANGLE
(TK)

TRACK ANGLE ERROR
(TKE) LEFT

)
S)
GS
(TA
D(
D
EE
P
E
S
E
ND
SP
OU
R
HEADING
AI
GR
E
(HDG) RU
T

"TO"
WAYPOINT
CROSS-TRACK
DISTANCE
(XTK) LEFT

INE
S.
SE L YPOINT
A
OUR
ED C WEEN W
IR
S
T
DE
E BE
IRCL
AT C
GRE

0012033

Figure 1-1 Navigation Relationships

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 1-6
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

TERMINAL AREA OPERATIONS AND RNAV INSTRUMENT APPROACHES
Standard Instrument Departures (SID), Airways, Standard Terminal Arrival Routes (STAR), STAR transitions,
GPS and GPS overlay instrument approaches, and approach transitions, can be selected for the
departure/arrival airports. These procedures may be modified on the LEGS pages.
The implementation of the RNAV ( LPV, LNAV/VNAV and LNAV minima) instrument approach procedures is primarly based
on TSO-C129a, TSO-C145a and TSO-C146.The transition from en-route through terminal to non-precision approach is
effectively a seamless series of waypoints/legs with progressive increases in HSI lateral deviation display sensitivity (to
reduce flight technical error), and reductions in Error Limit value for each phase of flight, and appropriately-timed alert or
advisory messages

NAVIGATION DATABASE
The navigation database includes most of the information that the operator would normally determine by
referring to the navigation charts. The database may be tailored to specific customer needs and contains such
data as en-route and terminal VHF, NDB navigation facilities, airports, waypoints, named intersections, and
terminal area procedures. All ARINC 424 procedural legs are implemented. These leg types and their
corresponding graphical representation are illustrated in Appendix B.

PHASES OF FLIGHT
The phases of flight are defined as follows:
Approach:

When below 15,000 feet AGL and within 2 nm of the FAF, with all GPS instrument approach
conditions satisfied.

Terminal:

For arrivals, when below 15,000 feet AGL and within 30 nm radial distance of the arrival airport,
but not in approach phase of flight. For departures, when below 16,000 feet AGL and less than
33 nm radial distance from the departure airport.

En-route:

When in neither approach nor terminal phases of flight.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 1-7
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
A
AA
AAIM
AC
ACARS
ACCUR
ACID
ACT
ACMS
ACQ
ADC
ADF
ADIRS
ADS
ADx
AF
AFCS
AFMS
AFN
AG
AGC
AGL
AHRS
ALT
AMLCD
ANP
ANT
AOC
AP/FD
APPR
APU
ARC
ARINC
ARPT
ARR
ATA
ATC
ATK
ATT
ATS

-

Above (altitude)
Air-To-Air
Aircraft Autonomous Integrity Monitoring
Aircraft
Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System
Accuracy
Aircraft Identifier
Active
Aircraft Conditioning Monitoring System
Acquisition mode
Air Data Computer
Automatic Direction Finder
Air Data Inertial Reference System
Automatic Dependent Surveillance
Primary (AD1) or Secondary (AD2) ADF radio
Initial Approach Fix
Automatic Flight Control System
Airplane Flight Manual Supplement
ATS Facilities Notification
Air-To-Ground
Automatic Gain Control
Above Ground Level
Attitude Heading Reference System
Altitude
Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display
Actual Navigation Performance
Antenna
Airline Operational Communications
Autopilot/Flight Director
Approach
Auxiliary Power Unit
Arc to Fix/Radius to Fix
Aeronautical Radio Incorporated
Airport
Arrival
Actual Time of Arrival
Air Traffic Control
Along Track Distance
Attitude
Air Traffic Services

BARO
BRT
BRG
BW

-

Barometric
Brightness
Bearing
Back Course Marker

Cx
CAP
CDI
CDU

-

COM radio (primary : C1, secondary : C2)
Capable
Course Deviation Indicator
Control Display Unit

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 1-8
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
CF
CFG
CHK
CLR
CMx
CMA
CMD
CMU
COM
COMMS
CON
CONC
COORD
CPDLC
CPS
CRS
CRZ
CTR

-

Final Approach Course to fix
Configuration
Checker
Clear
Primary (CM1) or Secondary (CM2) COM radio
Canadian Marconi (Avionics)
Command
Communications Management Unit
Communication
Communication Radios
Connection
Concentrator
Coordinates
Controller Pilot Datalink Communication
Compass
Course (desired track) of route leg or to waypoint
Cruise
Center

DA
DEL
DEP
DES
DESEL
DEST
DF
DGNSS
DIFF
DISCON
DIS
DIST
DLU
DME
DOD
DOP
DR
DTG
DTK
DTO
DTRA
DTW

-

Drift Angle
Delete
Departure
Destination
Deselected
Destination
Direct To Fix
Differential Global Navigation Satellite System
Differential
Route Discontinuity
Distance
Distance
Data Loader Unit
Distance Measurement Equipment
Department Of Defense
Dilution of Precision
Dead Reckoning
Distance To Go
Desired Track
Direct To
Transition Distance
Distance To Waypoint

E
E/W
EDT
EFA
EFIS
EHE
EHSI
ENRT
EQUIP
EST
ESS
ETA
ETE

-

East
East/West
Edit
Estimated Fuel at Arrival
Electronic Flight Instrumentation System
Estimated Horizontal Error
Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator
En-Route
Equipment
Estimated
External Sub-System
Estimated Time of Arrival
Estimated Time Enroute

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 1-9
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
EXEC

-

Execute

FAF
FDE
FF
FFK
FIR
FL
FLT
FMS
FMU
F/O
FOM
FPU
FR
FREQ
FSD
FT
FTE

-

Final Approach Fix
Failure Detection and Exclusion
Final Approach Fix
Front panel Function Key
Flight Information Region
Flight Level
Flight
Flight Management System
Flight Management Unit
First Officer
Figure of Merit
Floating Point Unit
From
Frequency
Full Scale Deflection
Feet
Flight Technical Error

GDOP
GLNS
GLONASS
GMT
GNS
GNSSU
GPIAL
GPS
GS
GWT

-

Geometric Dilution of Precision
GLONASS
Global Navigation Satellite System (Russian)
Greenwich Mean Time
Global Navigation System
Global Navigation System Sensor Unit
GPS Position Integrity Alert Limit
Global Positioning System
Ground Speed
Gross Weight

/H
HAT
HDG
HDOP
HF
HFOM
HIL
HOR
HR
HSI
HT
HW
HYB

-

Holding Pattern
Height Above Terrain
Heading
Horizontal Dilution of Precision
High Frequency
Horizontal Figure Of Merit
Horizontal Integrity Limit
Horizontal
Hour
Horizontal Situation Indicator
Height
Hardware
Hybrid

IAF
IAS
IC
ICAO
ID
IDENT
IDT
IF
IFR
in Hg

-

Initial Approach Fix
Indicated Airspeed
Intercom
International Civil Aviation Organization
Identifier
Identifier
Identifier
Intermediate Fix
Instrument Flight Rules
Inches of Mercury

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Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
ILS
IM
INBD
INACT
INIT
INT
INTC
INS
IP
IRS
ITU

-

Instrument Landing System
Inner Marker
Inbound
Inactive
Initialize
Integrity
Intercept Course
Inertial Navigation System
Identification Point
Inertial Reference System
Telecommunication Union

KG
KT

-

Kilogram
Knot(s)

L
LAT
LB
LDA
LDR
LIB
LNAV
LOC
LOCB
LONG
LP
LPV
LRU
LSK
LVL

-

Left
Latitude or Lateral
Pound
Landing distance available
Light Detect Resistor
Library
Lateral Navigation mode of the autopilot/flight director system
Localizer
Localizer Backcourse approach
Longitude
Localizer Precision approach
Localizer Precision with Vertical guidance approach
Line Replaceable Unit
Line Select Key
Level

M
MA
MAG
MAGVAR
MAHP
MAINT
MAP
MB
MC
MCDU
MDA
MDA-DA
MEW
MGRS
MHz
MIN
MLS
MM
MOD
MRK
MSG
MSLA
MTBF

-

Meter
Missed Approach Point when not RW
Magnetic
Magnetic Variation
Missed Approach Holding Point
Maintenance
Missed Approach Point
Millibars (hectopascal)
Mission Computer
Multipurpose Control and Display Unit
Minimum Descent Altitude
Minimum Descent Altitude-Decision Altitude
Mean Effective Wind
Military Grid Reference System
Mega Hertz
Minute
Microwave Landing System
Middle Marker
Modified
Mark
Message
Mean Sea Level Altitude
Mean Time Between Failures

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Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
N
Nx
NAV
NDB
NDBD
NM
NOTAMS
NP
NPA
NVx
NVM
VNAV
NVIS

-

North
NAV radio (primary : N1, secondary : N2)
Navigation or Navaid
Non-directional Beacon
NDB approach with DME facility (GPS or NDB/(DME))
Nautical Mile
Notices To Airmen
Navigation Performance
Non-Precision Approach
Primary (NV1) or secondary (NV2) NAV radio
Non-Volatile Memory
Vertical Navigation
Night Vision Imaging System

/O
OAT
OFST
OM
OP
ORIG

-

Overfly Waypoint
Outside Air Temperature
Offset
Outer Marker
Operations (independent/synchronized)
Origin

PBD
PBPB
PEE
PERF
PG
PIT
POF
POS
PPOS
PREDEF
PREV
PRN
PROG
P-T
PWR

-

Place/Bearing/Distance
Place/Bearing-Place/Bearing
Position Estimation Error
Performance
Page
Programmable Interrupt Timer
Phase of Flight
Position
Present Aircraft Position
Predefined
Previous
Pseudo Range Number
Progress
Procedure Turn
Power

QFE
QNH

-

Field Elevation Pressure
Sea Level Pressure

/R
R
RAD
RADALT
RAIM
RALT
RCU
RCV
REC
REF
REL
RES
RESEL
RF
RIB

-

Radial-To
Right
Radial
Radar Altitude
Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitor
Radio Altimeter
Remote Control Unit
Receive only
Flight Recorder
Reference
Relative
Reserve
Reselect
Radio Frequency
Radio Interface Board

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Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
RMS
RNAV
RNG
RNP
RTA
RTC
RTE
RW

-

Radio Management System
Required Navigation
Range
Required Navigation Performance
Required Time of Arrival
Real Time Clock
Route
Runway Threshold

/S
S/W
S
SAR
SAT
SATCOM
SDF
SEL
SID
SP
SPD
SQK
SSM
SSR
STAR
STAT
STBY
STC
STS
SURF
SYNC

-

Search Pattern
Software
South
Search and Rescue
Satellite
Satellite Communication System
Simplified Directional Facility
Selected
Standard Instrument Departure
Space
Speed
Squawk
Sign Status Matrix
Secondary Surveillance Radar
Standard Terminal Arrival Routes
Status
Standby
Supplemental Type Certificate
Status
Surface
Synchronization

/T
T
TACAN
TACT
TAS
TCN
TD
TE
TEL
TEMP
TERM
TF
TGL
TK
TKE
TOGA
TP
TPDR
TR
TRANS
TRK
TSE
TSO
TTFF

-

Tactical Direct-To
Angle referenced to True North
Tactical Air Navigation
Tactical
True Air Speed
TACAN
Touchdown Fix when not RW
Trailing Edge
Telephone
Temperature
Terminal
Track To Fix
Temporary Guidance Leaflet
Track (Actual)
Track Angle Error
Take-Off/Go-Around
Turn Point
Transponder
Transmit/Receive
Transition
Track
Total System Error
Technical Standard Order
Time To First Fix

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Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
TTG
TTS

-

Time To Go
Time To Station

UTC
UTM

-

Universal Time Coordinates
Universal Transverse Mercator

V
VAL
VDOP
VECT
VERT
VFOM
VFR
VHF
VNAV
VIR
VIS
VOR
VORD

-

Velocity (VX, VY, VZ)
Value
Vertical Dilution of Precision
Vector
Vertical
Vertical Figure Of Merit
Visual Flight Rules
Very High (30-300 MHz) Frequency
Vertical Navigation
VOR ILS Receiver
Visible
VHF Omni-directional Radio Range
VOR/DME approach (GPS or VOR/DME)

W
WD
WPT
WS
WT
WGS
WGT
WXR

-

West
Wind Direction
Waypoint
Windspeed
Weight
World Geodetic System
Weight
Weather Radar

XFILL
XPDR
XMT
XTE
XTK

-

Cross FMS Fill
Transponder
Transmit
Extended Trailing Edge Point
Cross Track

Z

-

Zulu (UTC) time

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Page 1-14
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

SECTION 2 - CONTROL AND DISPLAY

CONTENTS
Subject

Page

GENERAL ....................................................................................................................................................... 2-1
FMCDU FRONT PANEL ................................................................................................................................. 2-1
GENERAL DISPLAY CONVENTIONS ......................................................................................................... 2-11
Standard Colour Convention ...................................................................................................................... 2-12
Airbus Colour Convention .......................................................................................................................... 2-13
Font Size ....................................................................................................................................................... 2-14
Special Symbols .......................................................................................................................................... 2-14
SCRATCHPAD MESSAGES ........................................................................................................................ 2-16
WAYPOINT NAMES AND OTHER CONVENTIONS ................................................................................... 2-18

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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

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Page 2-ii
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

SECTION 2
CONTROL AND DISPLAY

GENERAL
The CMA-9000 FMS is a Flight Management Computer (FMC) embedded within a Multipurpose Control Display
Unit (MCDU), thus becoming an FMCDU. The MCDU function can be interfaced with up to seven other ARINC739 capable LRUs (ACARS, SATCOM, ACMS, etc.).
The unit’s front panel presents a full alphanumeric keyboard, with special function keys. These special function
keys are mostly dedicated to FMS operations (e.g. INIT/REF, RTE, DEP/ARR, etc.). There are six line select
keys (LSK) on each side of the display area. The functions of the LSKs are specific to each screen page.

FMCDU FRONT PANEL
A typical front panel arrangement of the FMCDU is illustrated in Figure 2-1 on next page. The display screen is
approximately 3 x 4 inch colour Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display (AMLCD) providing fourteen lines of twentyfour characters. The page format is divided in four areas: page title, left side, right side, and scratchpad.

Page Title:

This area is the top line of the display (line 1 of 14). It identifies the page in view and indicates
how many pages of the same set are available.

Left Side:

This area is comprised of six pair of lines, up to twelve characters per line. A line pair comprises
a field title line and a data line. The operator has access to the data line of each pair through a
Line Select Key aligned on the left side. This area extends from the left side of the screen to the
center.

Right Side:

This area is similar to the Left Side area. The operator has access to the data line of each pair
through a Line Select Key aligned on the right side. This area extends from the right side of the
screen to the center.
On some pages a field is placed in the middle of a line. For these fields the user cannot enter or delete data
through the line select keys.
Scratchpad: This area is the bottom line of the display (line 14 of 14). Typed characters and FMS-generated
messages are displayed on this line.

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Page 2-1
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

Figure 2-1 CMA-9000 FMS Front Panel, Hardware variation 045

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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

Figure 2-2 FMS Front Panel, Hardware variation 445

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Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

VAR 060

VAR 460

Figure 2-3 Front Panel, Hardware variation 060/460

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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

Figure 2-4 Front Panel, Hardware variation 470

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Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

The item numbers 1 to 33 below refer to the front panel elements of Figure 2-1 and subsequent figures.
Display Screen (Item 1):
Provides 14 lines of 24 characters:
• Line 1 displays the page title and page number;
• Lines 2 to 13 are used for data display;
• Line 14 (scratchpad) is for user data entry, and system display of alert/advisory messages.
Alphanumeric Keyboard (Item 28)
These keys allow typing alphanumeric characters into the scratchpad successively from left to right.
Line Select Keys (LSK) (Item 10)
There are twelve LSKs on the front panel, six on either side of the display, aligned with their corresponding data
field. LSKs are identified by their location from top to bottom of the screen and as left or right (LSK1L, LSK2L,
…LSK6R).
Depending of the context of a given page, pressing a line select key may:
• display a new page,
• enter data from the scratchpad into the selected field,
• copy data from the selected field to the scratchpad.
Data Entry from Scratchpad
Data entries are permitted only on lines adjacent to the LSKs. Entry of data from the
scratchpad into the selected field is accomplished by pressing the adjacent LSK which moves
the data from the scratchpad to the selected field. This action clears the scratchpad, unless an
entry format error is made.
Data Copy to Scratchpad
When the scratchpad is empty, data can also be copied from a data field to the scratchpad by
pressing the LSK adjacent to the desired data line.
Slash (/) Key (Item 26)
The slash key " / " is used to separate two items of data entered in the same data field (LSK) (such as wind
direction and speed):
• If a single entry is made without being preceded or followed by a slash, it will be entered into the field
adjacent to the LSK (field closest to the edge of the screen).
• Entering data into the field closest to the center of the screen always requires typing of a slash.
Cancellation of Waypoint Attribute (/H, /O) –
Some waypoints are displayed on the LEGS page with an attribute appended to the right of the identifier:
• waypoint followed by a holding pattern (/H),
• waypoint marked as a mandatory fly-over (/O),
This waypoint attribute is identified using the slash symbol followed by a single letter.
The attribute can be cancelled using the slash key alone without a letter and the appropriate LSK.
NOTE:

Cancellation of the attribute does not delete the waypoint itself.

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Page 2-6
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
SP Key (Item 24)
This key allows typing a blank space into the scratchpad.
Plus-Minus [+/-] Key (Item 25)
This key allows typing a "+" (plus) or "-" (minus) sign into the scratchpad. Pressing this key will first display a "-"
(minus) sign in the scratchpad. Pressing it a second time will replace the minus sign with a "+" (plus) sign.
Decimal (.) Key (Item 27)
This key allows typing a decimal point into the scratchpad, for numeric data entries.
CLR Key (Item 15)
The CLR key is used to clear messages and data from the scratchpad or an individual data field.
Clearing Data from Scratchpad
One press clears the last entered character from the scratchpad. When pressed and held for more
than 1 second, it clears the entire scratchpad.
Acknowledging Alert and Advisory Messages
The CLR key also acknowledges alert and advisory messages and clears them from the scratchpad.
Delete Data from an Entry Field
To delete an entry already made in a given data field:


Pressing the CLR key with the scratchpad empty will display DELETE in the scratchpad.



This DELETE message can be cleared by another press of the CLR key if the latter was
inadvertently pressed.



The deletion process is completed by pressing the LSK next to the data to be deleted.

Function Keys (qty 10) (Items 14, 16-23 & 33)
Function keys are used for single-key access to certain FMS pages.
The first row of function keys (INIT/REF, RTE, DEP/ARR, LEGS, PROG) is common to all hardware variations
of the unit.


INIT REF - provides access to pre-flight initialization pages and various reference data pages.
NOTE : If the key is pressed for more than 1 second, the MESSAGE RECALL page will be
displayed.



RTE - provides access to the ROUTE page for the definition of routes.



DEP ARR - provides access to the DEP/ARR page for the selection of departure and arrival procedures
and runways.



LEGS - provides access to the LEGS pages containing detailed data concerning each leg of the route.



PROG - provides access to the PROGRESS pages for display of current flight and navigation status
information.

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Page 2-7
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
For the second row, various variations of the unit support different combinations of function key labelling (see
Figure 2-1 to 2-4 above, and Table 2-1 below). A given combination is selected by the operator depending of
the type of operations of this aircraft.


MSG - provides access to the MESSAGE RECALL page for display of System Alert messages.



HOLD - if no holding pattern exists in the route, brings LEGS page in view with “/H” in the scratchpad for
line selection of the desired holding fix waypoint. If a holding pattern already exists in the route, accesses
the HOLD page for the definition of holding pattern parameters at the designated waypoint or present
position.



VNAV –
o provides access to the VNAV Approach page when advisory (uncoupled) approach VNAV is
enabled (see section 7).
o provides access to the vertical navigation page associated to the current phase-of-flight when
Performance VNAV is enabled (see section 18).



FMC COMM - provides access to company datalink (Airline Operational Communications) related pages.



RADIO - provides access to RADIO tuning functions.



ATC - provides access to ATC datalink related pages, or
provides access to ATC Transponder control and display pages
NOTE: On a given installation, the ATC key can be used only for one of these two purposes. If
transponder control and display is required on an installation where ATC Datalink is also
enabled, access to the transponder control pages is via the RADIO page.



FIX - provides access to FIX page for all fix and abeam waypoint functions.

Front Panel
Variation
045/445
060/460
470

Item 22

Item 20

Item 33

Item 17

Item 14

RADIO
ATC
RADIO

FMC COMM
FMC COMM
ATC

VNAV
VNAV
VNAV

HOLD
HOLD
HOLD

FIX
FIX
MSG

Table 2-1 Configurable Key layout per Front Panel Variation
NEXT Key (Item 29)
When multiple-page of a given set exist (as indicated in the page title line), pressing the NEXT key advances the
display to the next page number, or wraps around to page 1 if presently on the last page.
NOTE:

If the NEXT functionality is configured, additional press of the INIT/REF, RTE, DEP/ARR, LEGS,
PROG, FREQ, FUEL and HOLD keys allow the access to the next page, as per the NEXT key.

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Page 2-8
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

PREV Key (Item 30)
When multiple-page of a given set exist (as indicated in the page title line), pressing the PREV key moves backs
the display to the previous page number, or wraps around to the last page if presently on page 1.
EXEC Annunciator (Item 11)
Illuminates when the active route is being edited. A modified (temporary) route is thus being created to allow
editing and reviewing without affecting the current guidance being performed with the active route. When the
EXEC annunciator is lit, all flight planning pages display:
• MOD in reverse video in the column 2 of the title line, and
• the ERASE prompt in field LSK6L
o Pressing the ERASE prompt LSK erases all modifications and restores the display of the active
route.
Even if a modified route exists, the FMS continues to use the (unmodified) active route for navigation and
guidance.
EXEC Key (Item 12)
Allows crew to accept modifications to the active route. When data entries have been made active (by pressing
the EXEC key), the title MOD status will revert to ACT (active). Any modification can be erased (cancelled) prior
to EXECution by pressing the ERASE prompt (LSK6L).
System Annunciators (Items 2-8)
Various hardware variations of the unit support different annunciator labelling. Conditions for illumination vary
with hardware variation and software configuration options.
Front Panel
Variation
045/445
060/460
470

Item 2

Item 3

Item 4

Item 5

Item 6

Item 7

Item 8

FAIL
FAIL
FAIL

MSG
MSG
MSG

RNP
RNP
RNP

OFST
OFST
OFST

IND
IND
IND

None
None
None

ATC
ATC
ATC

Table 2-2 Annnunciator layout per Front Panel Variation
FAIL (Item 2) -

illuminates at maximum brightness with the display blank upon detection of a major unit
failure (e.g. system is halted).

MSG (Item 3) - illuminates when a new alert message appears in the scratchpad. The annunciator stays lit
as long as the condition causing the alert message remains, or until the message is
acknowledged by pressing the CLR key, or until the message is viewed on the MESSAGE
RECALL page.
RNP (Item 4) -

illuminates when the FMS ANP exceeds the RNP.

OFST (Item 5) - illuminates during offset (parallel track) navigation
IND (Item 6) -

illuminates when the FMS operates on INDEPENDENT mode.

BRT Key (Item 13)

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Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
Controls the brightness of the screen and annunciators. After an elapsed time of 5 seconds, the first press of
this key will always increase brightness, each depression of the BRT key alternately brightens or dims the
display.
NOTE1: When night and NVG mode selected and short power interruption occurs, the brightness of the
display may require minor re-adjustments.
NOTE2: When external dimming control is selected in the configuration, the brightness of the screen and
annunciators can also be controlled by an external system providing a 0-5 VDC to the FMS.
LDR Sensor (Item 9)
Detects ambient light conditions in order to perform auto-brightness control of display screen and annunciators.
MENU Key (Item 31)
Provides access to the MCDU MENU 1/2 page, which allows access to other subsystems connected to the
MCDU (e.g. ACARS, SATCOM, …). This key relates only to the ARINC 739 MCDU capabilities of the CMA9000.
MENU Annunciator (Item 32)
Illuminates when a sub-system, other than the one currently displaying pages, is requesting crew attention.



For example, if any of the installed subsystems that uses the FMCDU as control head (e.g. CMU,
IFDMU, SATCOM, ACMS, DFDAU) is requesting crew attention while the MCDU function is connected
to the FMS, the MENU light will be turned on.
Conversely, if the MCDU function is connected to any of the above mentioned sub-systems and the FMS
is requesting attention, the MENU annunciator will equally be turned on.

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Page 2-10
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

GENERAL DISPLAY CONVENTIONS

A typical screen page is illustrated below as an aid in describing the various page layouts, page prompts, and
data entry rules.

ACT,MOD STATUS
FIELD [CYAN]
[LARGE]

MOD
BOX DATA
FIELD
[GREEN]
[LARGE]

PAGE
NUMBER
AND
NUMBER OF
PAGES
[CYAN]
[LARGE]

PAGE TITLE
[CYAN]
[LARGE]

RTE1 LEGS

299o

CAFTA

1/2
2.25N M

A

THEN


COMPUTED
AND RECEIVED
DATA
[WHITE]
[SMALL]

-- ROUTE DISCONTINUITY -

YZP01
299o
DASH
DATA
FIELD
[GREEN]
[LARGE]

ERASE
PROMPT
[GREEN]
[LARGE]

10.6N M

YZP02
----ERASE

SCRATCHPAD
[WHITE]
[LARGE]

DATA FIELD
UNIT
[WHITE]
[SMALL]

LEGS ETA

PAGE
PROMPT
[BLUE
[LARGE]

MESSAGES
DISPLAYED IN THE
SCRATCHPAD
[AMBER]
[LARGE]

Figure 2-5 Basic Display Format
Page Title -

displayed in cyan on the top line of the screen.

Page Number -

when a display consists of several pages (as indicated in the upper right of the page), the
additional pages may be displayed by pressing the NEXT or PREV keys. When the NEXT
key configuration option is selected, the Front-panel Function Keys (FFKs) (elements 14 to
23 on Figure 2-1) can be used as a NEXT key as well.

Page Prompt -

pressing the LSK adjacent to a page prompt will bring in view the associated page.

Scratchpad -

This area is the bottom line of the display (line 14 of 14).



Keyboard entries are displayed in white large font in the scratchpad and then moved to the data field
by pressing the appropriate Line Select Key (LSK). Error checking for invalid format or data type, or
out of range values, is performed when the LSK is pressed.

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Page 2-11
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)


Copying data from a data field into the scratchpad is accomplished by pressing the appropriate LSK
when the scratchpad is empty. Data in the scratchpad remains there when a new page is selected,
and can thus be carried over for entry into other pages.

Standard Colour Convention
The colour convention used on the FMS pages is configurable in order to better blend with a given cockpit
environment. The standard colour convention is as follows:

Figure 2-7 Standard Colour Convention
Green

Fixed data fields, field titles and waypoint names (on LEGS page).

White

Computed (dynamic) data, data units, scratchpad data, data entry error, and
advisory/maintenance messages.

Cyan

Page titles, page browsing prompts and inactive route related information.

Magenta

Depending on configuration, used in normal video, or reverse video, to identify the active
waypoint on ACT RTE LEGS 1/X, and PROGRESS pages.

Amber

Used to display cautions and warnings, including alert conditions requesting immediate
crew attention or action (e.g. alert scratchpad messages).

Red

Reserved for maintenance purposes only. Major change (e.g. confirmation of system reconfiguration).

Reverse Video
Text can also be displayed in reverse video:
Green

Temporary states prompting crew attention (such as CONFIRM and CANCEL).
Navigation and guidance actions (e.g. missed approach initiation, manual waypoint
sequence, hold exit initiation).

White

Pending active waypoint sequencing; activated mode/function; temperature
compensated altitudes; waypoint attribute designators (e.g.: FAF, MAP).

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Page 2-12
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
Cyan

Used for certain status advisories, such as modified route in title line.

Magenta

Depending on configuration, used in normal video, or reverse video, to identify the active
waypoint on ACT RTE LEGS 1/X, and PROGRESS pages.

Amber

Unachievable temperature compensated altitudes constraints.

Red

Not used

Temperature Compensation
All temperature compensated altitude constraints are displayed in reverse video. Thus altitude
constraints can be displayed in reverse Green (constraints), or Amber (broken altitude constraints).

Airbus Colour Convention
The Airbus colour convention diverts from the standard configuration as follows:


the active waypoint is displayed in reverse video green on the LEGS/PROGRESS pages,



downpath waypoints are displayed in white on the LEGS/PROGRESS pages,



altitude, speed, and time constraints are displayed in magenta,



On LEGS pages, text in the title lines is displayed in green.

Figure 2-8 Airbus Colour Convention

NOTE:

In this document, the page examples will follow the standard convention.
For page examples using the Airbus A300/310 standard, refer to section 18A Performance VNAV
for A300/310 and appendix A300-A CMA-9000 VNAV A300/310 Display Pages – Detailed
Descriptions.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 2-13
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
Font Size
There are 2 types of fonts, small and large, on the pages. Each font supports upper and lower case alpha
characters. Lower case alpha characters are used only for the display of units and unit acronyms.
The data fields (line adjacent to LSK) are displayed in:



Large
Small

Manual entries.
Computed or system generated data.

Data on the field title line (above the data line) are displayed in small font.
The page title line is displayed in large font.

Special Symbols
The following special symbols are used to convey their respective meaning:
Dash Data Field (-----)
Box Data Field (

Optional data entry.

Mandatory
 )data entry.

Blank Fields

Data cannot be computed.

Triangle ()
Pointing inward

Toggle prompt or command prompt

Pointing outwards Page access prompt

Asterisk Fields (****)

Data exceeds the maximum value for that field, or the external source of data is
failed.

Leading Zeros

Only required during data entry for:
• angular data (bearing, course, wind direction, etc.)
• latitude/longitude coordinates
• runway identifiers

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 2-14
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

Summary of conventions:

Page Title
Active waypoint

Display Elements

Font
Large
Large

Page prompt (with outward triangle)
Legs page waypoint

Large
Large

Fix caption
Units
Tuning in progress
Active waypoint being sequenced (fly-by transition)
Entered data
Computed data
Temporary states pilot attention requested
Toggle option (with inward triangle)
Command prompt (with inward triangle)

Small
Small
Large
Large
Large
Small
Large
Large
Large

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Color
Cyan
Reverse video magenta
Reverse video green (Airbus)
Cyan
Green
White (Airbus)
Green
White
Reverse video white
Reverse video white
White
White
Reverse video green
Green triangle with White text
Green triangle with Green text

Page 2-15
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

SCRATCHPAD MESSAGES

The FMS can generate the following types of system messages:
System Alerts

Require immediate pilot action or attention. Example:

Data Entry Advisories

Indicate that the user-entered data is incorrect. Example:

Status Advisories

Do not require immediate pilot action but require pilot
awareness. Example:

Maintenance Advisories

Do not require immediate pilot action but indicate a particular
external input failure condition. Example:

Maintenance Alerts

Indicate a particular FMCDU internal failure condition. Such
messages never displayed in scratchpad.

Refer to Appendix E of this manual for additional information and the complete list of messages.
Alert Messages
A. System Alerts







Indicate:
• a required pilot action,
• a loss of functionality
• or a degraded mode of operations.
Displayed in amber in the scratchpad until acknowledged.
Cause both the FMS front panel MSG annunciator and the remote MSG annunciator to illuminate until
all new messages are cleared/acknowledged by the pilot.
Displayed in amber in the MESSAGE RECALL page.
Highest priority scratchpad messages:
• cannot be typed over or overwritten by any other message type or data entry;
• must be acknowledged by pressing the CLR key before data entry can take place.

B. Maintenance Alerts




Indicate an internal FMCDU failure condition.
Never displayed in the scratchpad as they are covered by the generic FMS FAILED (system alert)
collector message.
Displayed in amber on the MAINT MESSAGES page.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 2-16
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)
Advisory Messages
C. Data Entry Advisories







Immediate system response to data entries performed by the crew.
Notifiy the crew that the entered data is incorrect.
Identified in the scratchpad by a leading exclamation mark "!".
Displayed in white in the scratchpad (until acknowledged)
Never displayed on the MESSAGE RECALL or MAINT MESSAGES page
Can be typed over and overwritten by system alerts only

D. Status Advisories





Do not require immediate pilot action but require pilot awareness
Displayed in white in the scratchpad (until acknowledged).
Never displayed on the MESSAGE RECALL or MAINT MESSAGES page.
Second lowest scratchpad priority (can be typed over and overwritten by any message type except
maintenance advisories).

E. Maintenance Advisories
• Do not require immediate pilot action but indicate a particular external input failure condition, typically a
loss of redundancy without loss of capability (e.g. DME 1 FAILED).
• Displayed in white in the scratchpad unless an associated (system alert) collector message is active.
• Displayed in white on the MAINT MESSAGES page, regardless of the presence of an associated
(system alert) collector message.
• Lowest priority scratchpad messages (can be typed over and overwritten by any other message type).

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 2-17
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

WAYPOINT NAMES AND OTHER CONVENTIONS
Terminal Area Waypoints - where specific identifiers have not been assigned, the following two-character
prefix codes are added to the runway identifier (number) to create terminal area and approach-related waypoints
in the navigation database:
AF
CF
FF
IF
MA
SD
RW
OM
MM
IM
BM
TD

-

Initial Approach Fix
Final Approach Course Fix
Final Approach Fix
Intermediate Fix
Missed Approach Point when not RW
Step-down Fix
Runway Threshold
Outer Marker
Middle Marker
Inner Marker
Back Course Marker
Touchdown Fix when not RW

Unnamed Turnpoints and Intersections - where no name has been assigned to a turnpoint or intersection,
the waypoint name in the navigation database is created by adding the distance of the point from the nearest
applicable navigation facility to the facility identifier, e.g. SEA77.
Temporary Waypoints - place/bearing/distance (PBD), place/bearing-place/bearing (PBPB) and along track
waypoints are automatically named by adding a sequence number to the first three characters of the reference
waypoint, e.g. ANC01. Similarly, the names of waypoints entered in latitude/longitude are created by adding a
sequence number to the prefix WPT. Alternatively, depending of configuration option, waypoints entered in
latitude/longitude can be automatically named per the entered coordinates (e.g. N45W123).
DME ARC Waypoints - the waypoint name in the navigation database is created by adding the radial from the
DME station in degrees followed by the radius of the arc in nautical miles (represented by a letter: A = 1 nm, B =
2 nm, J = 10 nm, etc) to the prefix D, e.g. D173J.
Conditional Waypoints - a conditional waypoint is used in the navigation database when a route leg does not
terminate at a defined latitude and longitude. Such legs include radar vectors, intercepts, and course or heading
legs, or a leg with a manual or an altitude termination. Conditional waypoint names are displayed in
parentheses as shown below. Conditional waypoints cannot be used for direct-to navigation, nor as references
for temporary waypoint creation, and cannot be copied into the scratchpad.
(INTC)

-

Leg terminates at the interception of the next leg.

(3000)

-

Leg terminates automatically when climbing through the displayed altitude.

(VECT)

-

Leg is a radar vector. Operator action is required to sequence to the next leg.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 2-18
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

Course Legends - courses may be displayed with the following legends depending on the leg type, as listed
below:
CRS

-

Indicates a course leg inbound to the next waypoint

FR FIX

-

Indicates a course outbound from the FIX

HDG

-

Indicates a heading leg

HOLD AT -

Replaces the active waypoint course on RTE LEGS 1/X and PROGRESS 1/4 pages when
navigating a holding pattern

P-T

Appended to the courses of the outbound legs of the procedure turn

-

Course Prefixes - the required turn direction (L or R) is added as a prefix to the displayed course, and is most
commonly used at the inbound turn of a procedure turn and in missed approaches.

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 2-19
Jul 16, 2015

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
CMA-9000 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
(930-600183-000 SW056)

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

This document includes Proprietary Information and shall not be reproduced or
communicated to third party without prior written permission by CMC Electronics Inc.

Not export controlled.

Page 2-20
Jul 16, 2015


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