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Print shops Toronto
Print shops Toronto
Printing process followed by various printing shops
The print shops Toronto follow the stringent printing process to create awesome prints and use
them to market your products and services to the audiences. Following is a brief overview of
the various steps and their respective contributions to the production process. Get a behindthe-scenes look on the complex print production process given hereby:
1. The Design Stage
The first stage in printing process followed by various print shops Toronto is the design stage.
Within the design stage, the following tasks are meant to be performed by the designer:
Overall look & feel of the piece
And the given tasks can be done by the designer or by the prepress department of the print
Create Printer Spreads
Scan Halftones & Line Art
At this stage, the graphic designer designs the layout with a lot of patience; he needs to be
cautious about the missing fonts, images, delays, cost overruns, unanticipated proofing rounds,
late design changes and sometimes disappointment over the finished jobs. Attention to detail
at each step of the process is necessary to avoid these kinds of issues.
2. The Prepress Stage
In the prepress stage followed by print shops Toronto, the artwork is taken from its delivered
state (either reflective art or digital file) all the way to the press plates.
Let’s understand how is it done:
First of all, the artwork is transferred to the negative film either by imaging a digital file through
an image setter, or else by shooting reflective artwork with a copy camera.
Secondly, the pages are stripped together into a flat that reflects how the pages will be printed
on the press sheet.
Thirdly, the flat is then burned onto a metal plate that will wrap around a press cylinder.
Each and every color will often have its own film and flat. Ofcourse, exceptions would be there
when very little color is utilized, and the colors used do not really touch each other color at any
point. During this case, the color will simply be masked off while burning the first plate, and
then further revealed to burn the next.
The procedures given below are performed by either the stripper or electronic prepress
Shooting Camera Ready Art & Halftones
Scanning Halftones & Line Art
Other presetting steps are:
Step #1. PDF Proof: (Review copy/elements/fonts): We request for the PDF proof of the
artwork from our vendors. This helps us to proofread the content one last time to make sure no
mistakes are left. It also assures us that the text hasn’t shifted or the images haven’t moved
while printing processes the files.
Step #2: Hard copy proof (review color match/paper): Then, we receive a final printout, it lets
us view the final document, check for discrepancies and check whether the layout is good to
Step #3: On-location press-check: Upon approval of the hard copy, we further go to the print
shop for the final press - check in order to approve papers, inks, colors & varnishes etc.
3. File Naming:
The third stage is file naming during the printing process followed by the print shops Toronto.
Files must be named properly to allow printers to work effectively. Do make sure that there are
no unusual characters in the file’s name or it may cause a printer’s computer to crash. They
should be labeled with the correct extension.
4. The Printing Stage
The printing stage followed by print shops Toronto encompasses the transfer of an image to
the paper. Once the printing plate is made, the printing image is rendered grease-receptive and
water-repellent, while the non-printing areas are rendered water-receptive as well as inkrepellent.
On the press, the plate is mounted onto the plate cylinder which, as it rotates, comes in contact
with rollers wet with water (or dampening solution) & rollers wet with ink. The dampening
solution wets the non-printing areas as well as prevents the ink from penetrating these areas.
The ink wets the image areas, which are further transferred to the intermediate blanket
cylinder. The paper further picks up the image as it passes between the blanket cylinder as well
as the impression cylinder.
In order to ensure high quality printing, the printer must:
Reduce image distortion or noise such as dust
Reduce paper movement
Review that the pages back each other correctly
Evaluate halftone quality as well as attempt to hold the
highlight & shadow detail
Match the ink color specified
Control dot gain
5. The Bindery Stage
Next is the bindery stage, where trimming, folding, perforating, collating, stitching, or gluing is
performed as required. Print shops Toronto performs the trimming and folding in-house, and
works closely with an outside bindery on the collating, stitching and gluing.
Most of the jobs are shipped to our clients directly or delivered via specialized facility called a
“mail-house” or “letter-shop” whenever materials are to be mailed on behalf of the client. In
this printing stage followed by print shops Toronto, the addresses are computer-imprinted
from the customer’s mailing list database onto the printed piece, then sorted as well as
prepared for delivery to the post office.
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