PDF Archive search engine
Last database update: 14 April at 09:23 - Around 76000 files indexed.
If that is not possible, consider pouring a concrete slab under the home that encompasses the heads of the anchors or at least a concrete perimeter footer that encompasses the heads of the anchors.
2016 • Assisted reporters and anchors on stories • Conducted interviews, logged scripts • Practiced live shots and anchoring • Edited with Edius and Stratus, voiced and cut packages The 109.org, Fort Worth, TX Executive Editor, June 2016-‐Dec.
This could happen if people take previously encountered prices as reference points, or anchors, that affect their subsequent reservation price (Köszegi and Rabin (2006)).
CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC STATE UNIVERSITY Alternative Fuels Laboratory BRAE 434 Spring Quarter 2016 Instructor: Art MacCarley Solar Waste Vegetable Oil Processor June 03, 2016 Andrew Hostler Steven Schwartz Chris Chavez Nathanael DeBruno Abstract Every year, countless gallons of vegetable oil are used in the foodservice industry to make many different kinds of food. This vegetable oil can find a second life in the form of biodiesel. Currently in Yellowstone National Park, a fleet of buses runs on BioDiesel. This allows them to reuse much of the food waste from their millions of tourists every year. Similarly, Cal Poly Corporation on the CPSU campus feeds 20,000 students for most of the year producing excess food waste. The BioDiesel filtration shed made for our class, EE 434, allows Cal Poly’s excess food waste to be put to good use. Students at Cal Poly can aquire french fry oil by the barrel from Cal Poly Corporation. This fuel is then processed for use in the Future Fuels Club’s multi fuel tractor. Introduction The following report is a detailed account of the design, procedure, and materials used to complete the solar WVO processor located in the alternative fuels shed at Cal Poly. The goal of this project was to further improve upon the work of students from previous quarters by automating the WVO conversion process. Equipment and Materials ½ inch PVC pipe ½ inch copper pipe ⅜ inch copper tubing ½ inch flexible tubing ½ inch brackets Coolant reservoir tank Screws and anchors Brass, copper, PVC fittings 24 to 12V buck converter Temperature sensors Switches Custom Arduino board Hammer drill and accessories Propane torch Design Requirements The main requirement of the project was to implement an easy to use control system for the processor. First, the control system needed to control the filtering system with the flip of a switch. This means this one switch would turn on the 12 volt pump, controlling the coolant loop, and the 24 volt scooter motor, controlling the WVO loop. The control system also needed to decide when to run the WVO loop which was dependent on the temperature of the coolant entering the coil of the WVO barrel. Finally the control system needed to shut the system off when the process was complete. Along with the control system, the project hardware needed to be brought up to code. Therefore, all the existing piping needed to be ripped out. The ¾ inch PVC, used for the coolant loop, that ran from the solar thermal array to the shed was to be replaced by ½ inch PVC. The flex cable used in the WVO loop that was placed outside of the shed was to replaced with ½ inch hard copper pipe. Then, the ½ inch PVC and copper piping was to enter through the window of the shed. Once the piping was inside the shed, flexible pipes could be implemented. Finally, the system was to be controlled using four batteries wired up to be a 24 volt supply. Procedure First, we ripped out all the existing piping. Then, we connected ½ pvc to the solar thermal array using two brass fittings and two PVC connectors. Making only 90 degree angles we connected all the PVC, using primer and glue for all connections, for the up and down coolant loop on the roof. We proceeded to feed the PVC through the window at a 90 degree angle, this was only possible with ½ inch piping, anything larger would not have fit through the window. Then, we connected the pushing coolant loop directly to the 12 volt pump with all ½ inch PVC pipe, no flex tubing. On the bottom end of the pump, we connected flex tubing which was placed in the coolant reservoir. The falling coolant loop was hard piped to near the 12 volt pump. From there we switched to the coolant flex pipe which was connected the copper coil inside of the barrel. At the bottom of the copper coil, flex tubing was fed into the coolant reservoir. This completed the coolant loop. Next, we worked on the copper pipe for the WVO loop. For reference, all connections were cleaned on the inside and outside of the copper pipe with the designated brush, then flux was applied on the outside of the pipes before soldering the copper connections. The copper pipe ran from the 24 volt pump out of the box, was ran to be flush with the wall, the two copper lines ran sidebyside up to and through the window. Then the copper pipe ran down to the wall inside the shed. From there, we connected the copper tubing. For testing purposes we left the copper tubing unconnected from the barrel so we could visually see the WVO loop worked properly without having to use the barrel for testing. This completed the WVO loop. After the piping was completed, we used the hammer drill to drill holes on the roof and on the walls of the shed, both inside and outside. The holes were filled with all purpose anchors, and ½ inch brackets were screwed into the anchors. Brackets were used on the roof to secure the PVC, on the outside wall to secure the copper piping,and inside to secure both the PVC and copper piping. Then, the 12 volt pump was screwed into anchors. Finally, the coolant reservoir was screwed into the anchors in the walls directly under the 12 volt pump. Finally, we built in an automated sensing and control system for the shed. This was built using an Arduino opensource software base, integrating the sensors to an AtMega328 processor. First, the custom printed circuit board was designed in CadSoft Eagle. This application is used by many businesses and hobbyists alike to create their own robust microcontroller systems. The board was then exported to a manufacturing set of files, and sent to Bay Area Circuits for fabrication. Next, the board was assembled and programmed. This board was modeled after the Arduino Duemilanove (2009), an early prototype of the Arduino Uno. As such, you could program the processor in an Arduino Uno for testing, the “pop” the chip into the board once fully programmed. This board controlled four lowside switches in parallel with the manual pump switches. Finally, the processor with the Arduino code was tested with the switches and various sensor readings on the two temperature sensors. If the Arduino code needs to be edited in the future, the arduino code is in Appendix A. Any student wishing to reprogram needs only to swap the processor chip with an Arduino Uno, program it with modified code from the appendix, then swap the chips back. Testing The WVO loop consisting of copper pipe, copper tubing, and the 24 volt scooter motor was ran for five minutes, using water, with no problems detected. The coolant loop was tested using the buck converter for the 12 volt pump. Multiple problems arose, the coolant reservoir used was not large enough to supply the whole loop with enough water to pump through the whole system. We ran the system until the coolant reservoir was depleted and shut the pump off. While waiting for the water to return to the reservoir, the water returning to the reservoir was steaming. As we watched this process, the PVC pipe inside the shed was beginning to droop. The PVC pipe made its own 90 degree angle because the water that made it to the solar thermal array became too hot for the PVC to handle. We waited for the PVC to cool down and we tested it again. This time we used a larger bucket so there was enough water to fill the coolant loop. We ran this loop for ten minutes and by the end of it the PVC inside the shed on the return loop had drooped down about an inch. Therefore, the WVO loop and coolant loop work as planned;however, the PVC pipe just can’t handle the heat of the system. Conclusion While the system runs currently, further improvements still need to be made. Firstly, the PVC pipe used is not adequate for the near boiling water coming out of the solar array. Additionally, there needs to be a better way to transport oil to and from the processing barrel.
Additional child seat anchors 3B0 Without additional child seat anchor Additional dust seals 6U0 Without additional seals outside Additional tires (snow tires) 2WD Additional winter tires Airbag 4UF Driver's and front passenger air bag with front passenger air bag deactivation Alternators 8GU Alternator 140 A Applications GS3 Applications Backrest release 3H5 Backrest release for front seats with additional backrest release on the inner side Base engine T59 Batteries J0R Battery 380 A (80 Ah) Body measures 5C0 Without special body measures Body style K8C Coupe Brake systems 1AT Brake type in rear 1KZ Disc brakes, rear Brake type, front 1LJ Disc brakes, front Breakaway interior rearview mirror 4L2 Dipping breakaway interior rear view mirror Bumper systems 2K1 Reinforced bumpers Carrier frequency for radio remote control 5D1 Carrier frequency 433.92 MHz434.42 Mhz CD changer/CD player 7A0 Without CD changer/CD player CD ROM/DVD/SD card 7QB CD ROM (Germany) Child seat anchor in front 3G2 Child seat anchor, front right (ISOFIX) Climatic zones 0Y1 Standard climatic zones 4cylinder gasoline engine 2.0 L unit 06F.C Electronic stabilization program (ESP) Component part sets with countryspecific design requirements B0A Component parts set without countryspecific design requirement Components with special surface appearance 6FA Components without special surface appearance Cruise control system 8T2 Cruise control system (CCS) electronic Customized installation FC0 Without customized installation Direct tire pressure monitoring system 7K6 Reifenplattrollanzeige Door and lid locking system 4K4 Radio remote controlled central locking https://www.partslink24.com/vwag/audi_parts/vingroup.action?hintstoken=a6824561e10542f881dc1bc2314ebc82&modelId=&openVinDialog=true&vin=… 1/4 27.09.2016 Audi audi tt coupe 2,0 2007 TRUZZZ8J471008451 partslink24 Drive layout 1X0 Front wheel drive Driving on the left/on the right AV1 Driving on the right Electric interface for external use UF0 Without electric interface Emissions standard 0GG Emission standard EU4 Engine cooling system 8Z5 Engine specifications D2L 4ZylinderOttomotor 2,0 L/147 KW (16V) Turbo FSI, homogen Grundmotor ist: T59/T61/TQ2/TU2/TD6/TN6 Equipment levels A8S Standard equipment Exterior mirror setting 6XD Exterior mirrors: electrically adjustable/heated First aid kit / warning triangle 1T3 Front license plate carrier 6W1 License plate bracket front (large) Front seats Q1D Sports front seats Front spoiler 5L0 Front underbody guard 1SA Without additional front underbody guard Fuel quantity for initial filling 1Z0 Fuel systems 1A5 Kraftstoffsystem OttoEinspritzer (FSI) Garage door opener VC0 W/o remotecontrolled garage door opener General operating permit, alterations C03 Operating permit, alteration Handling production and preproduction FA0 Control of standard production Headlamp washer system 8X1 Headlight washer system Headlamps 8BP Bifunctional headlight with gas discharge lamp Headlight activation 8K4 Separate daytime running lights NAR Headlight range adjustment 8Q3 Automatic headlightrange adjustment dynamic (selfadjusting while driving) Heat accumulator system/auxiliary heater 7E0 W/o heat accumulator/auxiliary heating Heating and air conditioning system 9AK Climatronic with impact pressure control free of cfc Identification plates 1EX Spezielles Typschild für EG Insert for the filling up of unleaded fuel/fuel type 2G1 Insert for the filling up of unleaded fuel Inserts 5MU Decorative aluminum inserts Installation differentiation for vehicle components 0ES Installation differentiation for transmission DQ250 vehicle components Installation parts for engine (engine mount system) 1VG Installation parts for fourcylinder engine Instrument clusters U2A Instrument insert with km/h speedometer, radiocontrolled clock, tachometer and trip odometer Label for central electric 0W1 Label for central electric Germanspeaking countries Leather scope 7HA Without leather Left exterior mirror 5SL Left exterior mirror: aspherical Lockable wheel bolts 1PA Standard wheel bolts Lumbar support 7P1 Power adjustable lumbar support in front Not hot country First aid kit with warning triangle Without front spoiler Initial standard fuel filling https://www.partslink24.com/vwag/audi_parts/vingroup.action?hintstoken=a6824561e10542f881dc1bc2314ebc82&modelId=&openVinDialog=true&vin=… 2/4 27.09.2016 Audi audi tt coupe 2,0 2007 TRUZZZ8J471008451 partslink24 seats Molding roof liner 6NJ Standard molded headlining Multifunction display/trip computer 9Q2 Multifunction display/onboard computer with check control Navigation device 7Q9 Navigation system Owner's manuals 0VC Information kit in German Paint preservative/transit coating 5K5 Transportschutzfolie (anstelle Lackkonservierung) Park distance control 7X1 Park distance control Protection frame (roll bar) 2Y0 Without roll bar Quality class AQ0 Standardproduction quality Quattro GmbH FQ0 Standard production wheels Radios 8AY Radio/navigation system Rear spoiler 5J1 Rear trim panel 6V0 Without rear trim panel Right exterior mirror 5RU Right exterior mirror: convex (large viewing field) Roof insert/convertible top 3FA Safety certificate 0LW Special plates/stickers/ safety certificates for Germany Scuff plates 7M1 Scuff plates in door apertures with metal inserts Seat adjustment 3L3 Seat belt check 9P1 Seat belt reminder, electric contact in buckle Seat heater 4A3 Seat heater for front seats separately controlled Seat trim covers N5E Leather seat covering Selfcollection / special control A00 No selfcollection Shock absorption/suspension, chassis 1BA Standard suspension/shock absorption Side airbag 4X1 Side air bag front Ski bag 3X0 Without loadthrough provision Smoker's/nonsmoker's package 9JD Smoking package, ashtray front Spare wheel/breakdown kit 1G8 Breakdown set Speaker installation 9VD Speaker (active) Special editions E0A No special edition Special labels/plates 0ST Labels/plates in German and French Steering system arrangement L0L Steering wheels 1MU Leather trimmed sports steering wheel for air bag system with Tiptronic Storage compartment package QE0 Without tray areas package/box Tail lamp assemblies 8SB Taillight assembly w/ dark colored lens Telephone / telematics 9W0 W/o car phone preparation/installation Theft protection system 7AA Electronic vehicle immobilization device Tire suppliers V0A Tires w/o specification of tire brand Tires HW6 Tires 225/50 R17 94W Rear spoiler Without roof insert (standard roof) Manual height adjustment for front seats Lefthand drive vehicle https://www.partslink24.com/vwag/audi_parts/vingroup.action?hintstoken=a6824561e10542f881dc1bc2314ebc82&modelId=&openVinDialog=true&vin=… 3/4 27.09.2016 Audi audi tt coupe 2,0 2007 TRUZZZ8J471008451 partslink24 Tool kit and jack 1S1 Tool kit and jack Transit coating NT0 Transit coating (type 1) Transmission specifications G1A 6speed automatic transmission Transmission types/gearshift mechanisms 0G7 Tiptronic TV reception/digital radio reception QV0 W/o TV reception/digital radio reception Type approval countries/countries with special requirements B01 Type approval Germany Type sign 2Z1 Vehicle class differentiation units/platform components 0HN Vehicle class differentiation 8J0 Vehicle specifications F0A No special purpose vehicle, standard equipment Versions FM0 Basic equipment variant Weight category front axle 0JE Weight category rear axle 0YG Weight range 7 installation control only, no requirement forecast Wheels CL9 Alloy wheels 8J x 17 Wind deflector 7S0 Without wind blocker Windshield glass type 4GF Windshield in heatinsulating glass PEG extended aluminium look PNX Radionavigationssystem RNSLow PRK cast aluminium alloy wheels, 8Jx17, 5arm Trapezoid design, with 225/50 R 17 tyres PX4 xenon plus YBZ direct control number YOA control number Type sign at rear and "Quattro" nameplates respectively Weight category front axle weight range 5 https://www.partslink24.com/vwag/audi_parts/vingroup.action?hintstoken=a6824561e10542f881dc1bc2314ebc82&modelId=&openVinDialog=true&vin=… 4/4
Additional child seat anchors 3B0 Without additional child seat anchor Additional tires (snow tires) 2WA Without additional tires Adjustment of rear seat and backrest 5Z0 Airbag 4UE Air bag for driver and front seat passenger Antifreeze 1C1 Applications GS0 Without applications Audio-response system/voice control QH0 Without voice control Auxiliary heater 9M0 Without auxiliary/parking heater Base engine T41 6-cylinder diesel engine 3.0 L unit 059.D Batteries J0Z Battery 520 A (110 Ah) Body style K8B Notchback Brake type in rear 1KE Disc brakes, rear Brake type, front 1LG Disc brakes, front Breakaway interior rearview mirror 4L6 Breakaway interior rear view mirror, automatically dimming Bumper systems 2K1 Reinforced bumpers Carrier frequency for radio remote control 5D1 Carrier frequency 433.92 MHz-434.42 Mhz CD changer/CD player 7A2 CD changer CD ROM/DVD/SD card 7QT CD ROM (Europe) Center armrest 6E3 Front center armrest Center console 3D1 Center console Central display and control unit QW1 Central control unit, front Child seat anchor in front 3G0 Without child seat anchor front (ISOFIX) Component part sets with country-specific design requirements B0A Component parts set without country-specific design requirement Components with special surface appearance 6FB Body-colored exterior mirror housings Cruise control system 8T1 Cruise control system (CCS) Cushion/pillow VA0 Without cushion/pillow Customized installation FC0 Without customized installation Without separate power seats rear Antifreeze up to -25 degree celsius tolerance up to -30 degree C 2016-10-02 12:30 2z5 https://www.partslink24.com/vwag/audi_parts/vin-group.action?hintst...
Additional child seat anchors 3B0 Additional tires (snow tires) 2WG Winterreifen 235/60 R16 100 H Aluminium-Gussräder 7 1/2J x 16, ET 40 Additional dust seals Adjustment of rear seat and backrest Airbag Antifreeze 6U0 Without additional child seat anchor Without additional seals outside 5Z0 Without separate power seats rear 1C1 Antifreeze up to -25 degree celsius tolerance up to -30 degree C 4UE Air bag for driver and front seat passenger Applications GS0 Without applications Auxiliary heater 9M0 Without auxiliary/parking heater Audio-response system/voice control Base engine QH1 Voice control T41 Batteries J3F Brake type in rear 1KE Body style Brake type, front Breakaway interior rearview mirror 6-cylinder diesel engine 3.0 L unit 059.D Battery 520 A (110 Ah) "BEM"