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FitnessEndocrinologyMetabolicProcessesRegulation1.2.1 100%

[51]   Androgen Receptor  The androgen receptor is a type of nucleus receptor that is activated by binding either of  the androgenic hormones, testosterone, or dihydrotestosterone in the cytoplasm and  then translocating into the nucleus. The androgen receptor is most closely related to the  progesterone receptor, and progestins in higher dosages can block the androgen  receptor. [29]    Estrogen Receptor  Estrogen receptors are a group of proteins found inside cells. They are receptors that  are activated by the hormone estrogen (17β­estradiol). [28]    Steroids of the Endocrine System  Hormones that affect change in the body by binding to cellular receptors. Cells are capable of  changing their fundamental expression based on the type and quantity of hormones are  attached to their receptors.    Sex Steroids  These hormones influence sexual evolution of the human form and support  reproduction; these include androgens, estrogens, and progestogens. These are the  hormones that signal primary and secondary sexual characteristics of our exterior selves  as well as internal expressions of cellular growth and change over time.    Corticosteroids  Responsible for regulation of many aspects of the metabolism and immune function that  help maintain blood volume and control renal excretion of electrolytes.    Anabolic steroids  Natural and synthetic, that interact with androgen receptors to increase muscle and bone  synthesis. In popular expression, use of the term "steroids" often refers to anabolic  steroids. These include Testosterone, Insulin, Androstenedione, and many exogenous  compounds used for both medical, research, and athletic purposes; examples including  Oxandrolone, Drostanolone, Oxymetholone, Methenolone, Boldenone, and many others.      Core Elements of the Metabolic System  Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)  Often called the "molecular unit of currency" of intracellular energy transfer. ATP transports  chemical energy within cells for metabolism. It is one of the end products of  photophosphorylation, cellular respiration, and fermentation and used by enzymes and  structural proteins in many cellular processes, including biosynthetic reactions, motility, and  cell division. [45]    Glutamine  Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid (building block of protein) in the body. The body  can make enough glutamine for its regular needs. But during times of extreme stress (the  kind you experience after heavy exercise or an injury), your body may need more glutamine  than it can make. Most glutamine is stored in muscles, followed by the lungs where much of  the glutamine is made. [49]    Cycles of the Metabolic Process  Note: This is not a complete list.    Alanine Cycle  A glucose generating process involving the cycling of nutrients between skeletal muscle and  the liver. When muscles degrade amino acids for energy needs, the resulting nitrogen is  transaminated to pyruvate to form alanine. This alanine is shuttled to the liver where the  nitrogen enters the urea cycle and the pyruvate is used to make glucose. [48]    Gluconeogenesis  A metabolic pathway that results in the generation of glucose from non­carbohydrate carbon  substrates such as pyruvate, lactate, glycerol, and glucogenic amino acids. [47]     Elements of the Metabolic Process  Note: This is not a complete list.   

https://www.pdf-archive.com/2016/02/02/fitnessendocrinologymetabolicprocessesregulation1-2-1/

02/02/2016 www.pdf-archive.com

JDIT-2014-1028-005 85%

He had salvage androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for persistent measurable prostate specific antigen (PSA).

https://www.pdf-archive.com/2017/05/30/jdit-2014-1028-005/

29/05/2017 www.pdf-archive.com

Herbal Medicinals 62%

The hexane extract of saw palmetto has been identified as the active ingredient with predominantly antiandrogenic activity and in vivo estrogenic activity demonstrated in rats.80 Saw palmetto has also been shown to inhibit both dihydrotestosterone binding at the androgen receptors and 5-a-reductase activity on testosterone, both being mechanisms thought to be influential in the management of benign prostatic hypertrophy.81 In 2 double-blind trials both objective (eg, frequency of nocturia and urine flow rate) and subjective (eg, dysuria intensity and patient’s self-rating) data indicated significant (P,.01) improvement when saw palmetto (320 mg/d) was ARCH INTERN MED/ VOL 158, NOV 9, 1998 2203 Downloaded from www.archinternmed.com on June 23, 2011 ©1998 American Medical Association.

https://www.pdf-archive.com/2011/06/25/herbal-medicinals/

25/06/2011 www.pdf-archive.com

CrazyMass C+D Ltr 52%

FIFELSKI LEGAL, PLC ATTORNEY &

https://www.pdf-archive.com/2014/10/16/crazymass-c-d-ltr/

16/10/2014 www.pdf-archive.com

JDIT-2015-0202-011 36%

He had salvage androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for persistent measurable prostate specific antigen (PSA).

https://www.pdf-archive.com/2017/05/30/jdit-2015-0202-011/

29/05/2017 www.pdf-archive.com