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Unleashing the Capacity of Civil Society to Counter Disinformation EXPOSE NETWORK SCOPING – FINAL REPORT JUNE 2018 CONTENTS 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 2 UNDERSTANDING DISINFORMATION 2.1 DEFINITIONS 2.2 STRATEGY AND TACTICS 2.3 REGIONAL ANALYSIS 3 RESPONDING TO DISINFORMATION 3.1 TYPES OF RESPONSE 2.3.1 BALKANS 2.3.2 BALTICS 2.3.3 CENTRAL EUROPE 2.3.4 CAUCASUS 2.3.5 EASTERN EUROPE 2.3.6 SOUTHERN EUROPE 2.3.7 WESTERN EUROPE 3.1.1 FACT-CHECKING AND DEBUNKING 3.1.2 RESEARCH 3.1.3 PUBLIC CAMPAIGNS 3.1.4 NETWORK ANALYSIS 3.1.5 INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM 3.1.6 MEDIA LITERACY 3.2 CIVIL SOCIETY:
● When players are all satisfied with their hands, or are out of Morale Points, flip the top card on the Counter Stack to see what you are up against.
COUNTER www.pachinkoplanet.com Carl Wegman Sugar Grove, Illinois, USA firstname.lastname@example.org Version 11 May 2013 Page 1 of 32 PACHINKO GAMES &
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Setting up the turn counter Analog triggers Analog triggers convert analog signals into digital signals using the cRIO’s FPGA. In order to make the turn counter work, we use an analog trigger to create a digital signal when the potentiometer “wraps around” from 0° to 360° or 360° to 0°. Code sample (creating an analog trigger): AnalogTrigger _analogTrigger = new AnalogTrigger ( channel ); Analog trigger outputs The analog trigger can send outputs in a number of different modes. The two most useful to us here are Rising Pulse and Falling Pulse. Rising Pulse sends a pulse of digital signal when the analog signal changes from a value below the minimum voltage you’ve set (hereafter called the “lower threshold”) to a value above the maximum voltage you’ve set (the “upper threshold”). Falling Pulse sends a pulse when the signal changes from a value above the upper threshold to one below the lower threshold. One of these should pulse whenever you hit the potentiometer’s discontinuity; which one indicates the direction the wheel pod is turning. Code sample (creating analog trigger outputs): AnalogTriggerOutput _analogTriggerFalling = new AnalogTriggerOutput ( _analogTrigger , AnalogTriggerOutput . Type . kFallingPulse ); AnalogTriggerOutput _analogTriggerRising = new AnalogTriggerOutput ( _analogTrigger , AnalogTriggerOutput . Type . kRisingPulse ); Creating the counter To create a turn counter, we need to count the digital pulses of the analog trigger outputs. When one pulses, we should increment the counter; when the other pulses, we should decrement it. Which is which depends on your setup. Code sample (creating the turn counter): Counter _turnCounter = new Counter (); _turnCounter . setUpDownCounterMode (); _turnCounter . setUpSource ( _analogTriggerRising ); _turnCounter . setDownSource ( _analogTriggerFalling ); _turnCounter . start (); The filter, setting the sample rate and threshold voltages Although the potentiometer’s discontinuity normally looks like a straight vertical line of voltage, it isn’t; it’s a very steep, notquitevertical line. Thus, when crossing it, there’s a chance that one of the voltages sampled by the analog trigger will be on that line, which really messes things up. Luckily, you can enable a filter on the analog trigger’s input that samples three points and rejects the one closest to average. In this way, so long as no more than one sampled point in a row lies on the discontinuity and the surrounding points are below / above the lower / upper threshold voltages, the crossing will still be detected. We need to set the sample rate low enough that no more than one point can lie on the line. This graph shows a closeup of the potentiometer’s discontinuity. In theory, so long as the sample rate is slower than the 520 Hz displayed, no more than one point should lie along the line. In practice, I found a huge margin of error beneficial; I went with 50 Hz. However, set the sample rate too low and you run into another problem: the time between samples may be so great that the times when the signal is above the upper threshold or below the lower threshold are missed completely. When you lower the sample rate, you need to lower your upper threshold and raise your lower threshold; doing this too much can result in false positives from things like signal noise. In order to ensure that the value above the upper threshold isn’t missed, the difference between the potentiometer’s real maximum voltage and the upper threshold must be at least equal to the time between samples (in my case, 0.02 seconds) times the maximum rate of change of the voltage. The same must be true of the difference between the potentiometer’s real minimum voltage and the lower threshold. I wound up using a “realthreshold” voltage difference of 0.6V. To get false positives, the two thresholds have to be pretty close; once again, big safety margins are your friend. Code sample (enabling input filtering): _analogTrigger . setFiltered ( true ); Code sample (setting the thresholds): double _sensingVoltageDifference = 0.6; _analogTrigger . setLimitsVoltage ( minVoltage + _sensingVoltageDifference , maxVoltage _sensingVoltageDifference ); Code sample (setting the sample rate): int DEFAULT_ANALOG_MODULE = 1; int ANALOG_SAMPLE_RATE = 50 ; //Hz AnalogModule module = ( AnalogModule ) Module . getModule ( ModulePresence . ModuleType . kAnalog , DEFAULT_ANALOG_MODULE ); module . setSampleRate ( ANALOG_SAMPLE_RATE ); Computing the new degree measurement The end goal of this is to create a potentiometer that reads beyond 360°. To get this reading, simply multiply the turn count by 360° and add the wheel’s current heading. Code sample (reading the new degree measurement): double heading = ((( voltage _minVoltage ) * ( 360.0 / _maxVoltage ))) % 360.0; double degrees = heading + ( _turnCounter . get () * 360.0 ); Putting it all together Here’s my final code. I don’t know if things need to be in this order (as opposed to the order presented above) but it certainly works for me. // Constants // private static final int ANALOG_SAMPLE_RATE = 50; private static final int DEFAULT_ANALOG_MODULE = 1 ; private static final double _sensingVoltageDifference = 0.6; // Global fields // private AnalogTrigger _analogTrigger; private Counter _turnCounter; private AnalogTriggerOutput _analogTriggerFalling; private AnalogTriggerOutput _analogTriggerRising; // In potentiometer's constructor // _analogTrigger = new AnalogTrigger ( channel ); _analogTrigger . setFiltered ( true ); _analogTrigger . setLimitsVoltage ( minVoltage + _sensingVoltageDifference , maxVoltage _sensingVoltageDifference ); _analogTriggerFalling = new AnalogTriggerOutput ( _analogTrigger , AnalogTriggerOutput . Type . kFallingPulse ); _analogTriggerRising = new AnalogTriggerOutput ( _analogTrigger , AnalogTriggerOutput . Type . kRisingPulse ); AnalogModule module = ( AnalogModule ) Module . getModule ( ModulePresence . ModuleType . kAnalog , DEFAULT_ANALOG_MODULE ); module . setSampleRate ( ANALOG_SAMPLE_RATE ); _turnCounter = new Counter (); _turnCounter . setUpDownCounterMode (); _turnCounter . setUpSource ( _analogTriggerRising ); _turnCounter . setDownSource ( _analogTriggerFalling ); _turnCounter . start (); // getDegrees() function // double heading = ((( voltage _minVoltage ) * ( 360.0 / _maxVoltage ))) % 360.0; double degrees = heading + _offsetDegrees + ( _turnCounter . get () * 360.0 ); //I have an "offset" that allows me to compensate for potentiometers that aren't installed exactly straight
The programme will bring together the combined expertise of the Institute for Statecraft, who bring a depth of knowledge of the region, countering corruption and counter influence programmes and Edelman, the largest global marketing, communications and research agency in the world, and founders and providers of the Edelman Trust Barometer.
network and cluster management Partners’ legal and ethical assessment and training IT security education Raheem Shapi Diane Allen Jamal Al-Tahat (MENA) Josh Arnold-Foster IT manager Capacity building Forensic research Senior mentor 14 years 15 years Women’s infowar training 10 years Russia-MENA infowar and national vulnerabilities 15 years Mentor on infowar and counter measures to senior government officials Linking universities into the network;
devised and set up the IfS “Integrity Initiative” process to track, expose and counter Russian disinformation;
To be completed by the Project Implementer Project Title INTEGRITY INITIATIVE Purpose To counter Russian disinformation and malign influence in Europe by:
This book is devoted to the memory of my brother Harry UA6JW PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR WEB DESIGN ON WWW.QRZ.COM 3 nd edition INTRODUCTION 3 IMPORTANT NOTE 4 HOW TO ADD PICTURES TO YOUR QRZ LISTING 7 CKEditor 3.5 12 HOW TO INSERT THE HTML CODE 13 CSS STYLE 14 BACKGROUND PROPERTIES 16 TEXT 26 BORDER 41 CURSOR 45 LINK 45 DESIGN YOUR OWN GRAPHIC/IMAGE 47 SKYPE BUTTON 51 EMBED 54 HTML TABLES 59 HTML DIV 64 BASIC HTML SCROLL BOX 69 FLAG COUNTER 76 ONLINE VISITORS TRACKER 81 WORLD MAP VISITORS COUNTER 85 WEB HIT COUNTER 90 SOLAR TERRESTRIAL DATA 91 WEATHER GRAPHICS 105 GUESTBOOK 120 TIME 122 SCROLLER TEXT 129 COUNTDOWN 130 DX CLUSTER 131 CHAT BOX 138 APPENDIX A.
To be completed by the Project Implementer Project Title INTEGRITY INITIATIVE Phase II Purpose To counter Russian disinformation and malign influence, and associated weapons of “Hybrid warfare”, in Europe and North America by:
Swiss lever escapement, minute counter (30 min.) at 9 o’clock, hour counter (12 h) at 6 o’clock + small second at 3 o’clock.
1-1 United States’ Strategy and Policy to Counter an Insurgency ...........................
BAKERS PRIDE HEAVY DUTY COUNTERTOP GAS GRIDDLES Job ____________ Item # ___________ GAS COUNTER TOP GRIDDLES NEW Manual HDMG-2424 HDMG-2436 HDMG-2448 HDMG-2460 HDMG-2472 G Thermostatic HDTG-2424 HDTG-2436 HDTG-2448 HDTG-2460 HDTG-2472 STANDARD FEATURES Picture is representative only.
This is covered in an Annex as is the Ukrainina counter-UAV activity.
MARVITA (25) sits in a chair behind the counter, a cigarette in her mouth as she strokes her tattoos, feet up by the cash register.
An employee, JESS, and her manager, DAVE, work behind the counter in colorful uniforms and nametags.