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Politics and Ethnography in an Age of Uncertainty The 12th Annual Ethnography Symposium University of Manchester:
Nancie Jeanne Hudson Outstanding Paper Award, Southern States Communication Association (SSCA) 2015 Annual Convention, Ethnography Interest Group.
He studied Ethnography and Museology in Paris under the guidance of the Director of UNESCO's International Council of Museums.
10 weeks 13 students Research THE KEY is a magazine with articles that represent our findings of the contextual research and ethnography done regarding these two topics.
647.860.1449 KIM@BACKOFTHEBUSDESIGN.COM BACKOFTHEBUSDESIGN.COM COMPETENCIES Ethnography Marketing Graphic Design Project Management Social Media Community Engagement University of Toronto Youth Engagement Research Assistant / Writer May 2016 - August 2016 Researched and designed a community youth engagement toolkit with a focus on public art.
Abstract In this work , I intend to present a reflection on certain sexual practices conducted among men in the city of Rio de Janeiro in orgy meetings, from an ethnography in these four commercially organized events in the city .
Daniel Evans - 13139176 DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS MANCHESTER METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY Digital Living Ethnography and Report Daniel Richard Evans 13139176 A project submitted in partial fulfillment of the Degree of Bachelor of Science Information and Communications.
Exhibition, Pune, India 2014 Capturing the Scene Exhibition, High Spirits Café, Pune, India 2013 Peanut Gala Exhibition, Antwerp Mansion, Manchester, UK 2013 Ethnography Is Sexy Exhibition, University of Manchester, UK ETHNOGRAPHIC ART PRACTICE 2015 Refresh/Reflect 2015 Bindia 2015 The Jack Goody Archive 2015 Cast a Net into the Land 2015 Skyscape 2014 Ambedkar in Pop Culture 2013 In High Spirits WORK EXPERIENCE November 2015 – Present Curator Students’ Biennale 2016 Kochi Biennale Foundation The Students’ Biennale, part of the Kochi Biennale Foundation’s educational initiatives, seeks to extend and strengthen art educational practices and infrastructure in India.
Although the rationale is subject to criticism, the search produced a lot of useful and interesting ethnography, ethnography addressing evolutionary rather than simply social questions.
Ethnography of migrant women squatters in Florence, Italy Claudia Morini U0.05 Conceptual approaches stream [Panel 1] Convenor:
An Ethnography of Game Design (forthcoming doctoral 2016 dissertation), University of California, Irvine.
An Ethnography of Pregnancy as a Site of Racialization (2011) and The Poverty of Privacy Rights (forthcoming Stanford University Press 2017).
Just Ethnography Bridget Hanna, Northeastern University Toxicology is undergoing a rapid, radical paradigm shift.
PRELIMINARY PROGRAMME European Institute, 262/264 Piotrkowska Street, Łódź, Poland May 19th, THURSDAY 8:30–10:00 Registration / Posters installation 10:00–10:45 Opening ceremony 10:45–11:30 Keynote lecture #1 SOLVEIG BERGMAN Violent women and mothers – a challenge for feminist research 11:30–11:50 COFFEE BREAK Session 1: Growing and conflicting expectations of today’s families Session 2: Gender‐related health and well‐being issues part 1 ALEKSANDRA ANDYSZ Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland Women with endometriosis who accept and do not accept their illness. Who are they? How do they differ? TOBIAS I. NDUBUISI EZEJIOFOR Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria Occupationally‐facilitated prostrate hypertrophy and Erectile dysfunction as potential health hazard of male workers in the petroleum oil refining and distribution industry, Nigeria. ELEONORA BIELAWSKA‐BATOROWICZ, EWELINA RUDA University of Lodz, Poland Beliefs on menopause and their impact on menopausal symptoms. NATALLIA PAULOVICH Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland Family‐centered habitus of contemporary Georgians and women's place in the formation of family ties on the example of Western Georgia. 11:50–13:00 13:00–14:00 KARI STEFANSEN, MARGUNN BJØRNHOLT Oslo and Akserhus University College of Applied Science, Policy and Social Research, Norway Work‐family adaptations among Norwegian and Polish families living in Norway: understanding links between policy, practice and gender equality. MARGUNN BJØRNHOLT, KARI STEFANSEN, ALEKSANDRA JACUKOWICZ, ANNA NAJDER, ALEKSANDER STAŃCZAK, AGATA WĘŻYK, DOROTA MERECZ‐KOT Policy and Social Research, Oslo and Akserhus University College of Applied Science, Norway, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland Work‐family adaptations and institutional support systems. Polish families in Poland and Norway. LUNCH Session 3: Growing and conflicting expectations of modern parenting Session 4: Gender‐related health and well‐being issues part 2 14:00–15:10 MARTA BIERCA University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland You’ll change the nappy and I’ll tell a fairytale – on renegotiating parental roles among young Polish couples. MARTA WISZNIEWSKA Nofer Institute Of Occupational Medicine, Poland Healthy Woman's Diary in prevention of cancer. EMILIA KANGAS, ANNA‐MAIJA LÄMSÄ University of Jyväskylä, Finland Media discourses of fatherhood in organizations and management in Finland, 1990–2015. ALEKSANDER STAŃCZAK Nofer Institute Of Occupational Medicine, Poland Working fathers and childless male employees. Different needs, the same work‐life balance? 15:10–15:30 15:30–17:00 19:30 KINGA POLAŃSKA, ANNA KRÓL, DOROTA MERECZ‐KOT, JOANNA JUREWICZ, TERESA MAKOWIEC‐DĄBROWSKA, FLAVIA CHIAROTTI, GEMMA CALAMANDREI, WOJCIECH HANKE Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland Maternal stress during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental outcomes of children during the first two years of life. JOANNA JUREWICZ, MICHAŁ RADWAN, DOROTA MERECZ‐KOT, WOJCIECH SOBALA, WOJCIECH HANKE Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland Occupational, life stress and family functioning – does it affect semen quality? COFFEE BREAK Session 5: Gender stereotypes SYLWIA KAPUSTA, MIREK KOFTA, WIKTOR SORAL, ZUZANNA KWIATKOWSKA The Robert B. Zajonc Institute for Social Studies University of Warsaw, Poland It’s a man’s, man’s world – role of masculine self‐stereotype in shaping entrepreneurial intentions. JULITA CZERNECKA, EWA MALINOWSKA University of Lodz, Poland The role of physical attractiveness in private life and professional career in experiences of women and men in different ages. CLAUDIA MORINI Utrecht University, Gemma Erasmus Mundus Master, Italy/ The Netherlands Migrant solo‐women squatting and feminist practices: Ethnography from the first Italian women squatting in Florence, Italy. WIESŁAWA Ł. NOWACKA Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland Forestry – women in men dominated profession. WELCOME RECEPTION May 20th, FRIDAY 8:30–9:00 Registration 9:00–9:45 Keynote lecture #2 LIVIA SZ. OLÁH Gendering everyday realities in Europe: can both women and men “have it all”? 9:45–11:35 11:35–11:55 Session 6: Work‐related strain and employees’ health JOLANTA WALUSIAK‐SKORUPA Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland A gender‐sensitive approach to occupational health. JASMIJN SLOOTJES, SASKIA KEUZENKAMP, SAWITRI SAHARSO Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands Narratives of meaningful endurance – critical transitions between vicious and virtuous cycles between health and employment in migrant women's life histories. OLA SAYED MOHAMED ALI, NADIA BADAWY ABDELGAWAD BADAWY, SANAA ABOULMAKAREM RIZK, HEND GOMAA, MAI SABRY SALEH National Research Center, Egypt Allostatic load assessment for early detection of stress in a pilot sample of working adults. ANNA NAJDER Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland Health behaviors among male shift workers. AGATA WĘŻYK, ALEKSANDRA ANDYSZ Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland Working while ill – what makes people presentees? COFFEE BREAK Session 7: Facilitators and barriers in achieving work‐life balance part 1 AGATA WĘŻYK, ALEKSANDRA ANDYSZ, ANNA NAJDER, ALEKSANDRA JACUKOWICZ Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland Work‐life balance solutions – what Polish and Norwegian people use? BEÁTA NAGY, MÁRTA RADÓ, GÁBOR KIRÁLY Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary Work‐to‐family spillover: gender differences in Hungary. 11:55–13:45 ALEKSANDRA JACUKOWICZ Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland Work‐home duo – harmony or dissonance? Work‐life balance of female and male musicians at different stages of career. DENISA FEDÁKOVÁ, LUCIA IŠTOŇOVÁ Centre of Social and Psychological Sciences, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia Findings from 3rd EQLS: working time, housework time and work‐family conflict in the context of gender. 13:45–14:45 MARIA JOHANNA SCHOUTEN University of Beira Interior / Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences – University of Minho, Portugal Technology and time allocation: the key role of gender. LUNCH Session 8: Facilitators and barriers in achieving work‐life balance part 2 JACEK GĄDECKI, MARCIN JEWDOKIMOW, MAGDALENA ŻADKOWSKA University of Gdańsk, Poland The Work and Life Imbalance caused by teleworking. CRISTINA C. VIEIRA, LINA COELHO, SÍLVIA PORTUGAL & RAQUEL RIBEIRO University of Coimbra, Portugal Balancing private and working life in heterosexual couples with dependent children: a study in Portugal during the period of economic crisis (2012–2014). 14:45–16:35 NIKOLETT GESZLER Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary Time‐based work‐family conflict in the life of Hungarian manager fathers. URSZULA MARCINKOWSKA Medical University of Silesia, School of Medicine with the Division on Dentistry in Zabrze, Poland Shift work‐ family life conflicts among 'typical' female and male professions: nursing and mining. DOROTA MERECZ‐KOT, AGATA WĘŻYK Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland On relationship between work‐home interaction and perceived work life balance – gender and country‐related differences. 16:35–16:50 COFFEE BREAK 16:50–18:00 Poster session – presentation and discussion 18:15 GUIDED CITY TOUR May 21st, SATURDAY Session 9: Health behaviors, quality of life and Session 10: Aggression, violence and gender part 1 well‐being of men and women part 1 9:00–10:10 BEATA KOWALSKA, EWA KRZAKLEWSKA, MARTA WARAT, PIOTR BRZYSKI Jagiellonian University of Krakow, Poland Enhancing quality of life for women and men in Poland. How can it be achieved? SZYMON SZEMIK, MAŁGORZATA KOWALSKA Medical University of Silesia, Poland Quality of Life of adults aged 25–44 years, living in the Silesian voivodship – preliminary results. HEIDI SILLER, MARGARETHE HOCHLEITNER Medical University of Innsbruck, Women's Health Centre, Austria How is psychological violence in the workplace perceived by women engaged in fighting for gender equality? DOROTA MERECZ‐KOT, MARCIN DRABEK Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland Bullying at work – does gender matter? 10:10–10:30 ADRIANNA POTOCKA, ANNA NAJDER, ALEKSANDRA ANDYSZ Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Poland Four psychosocial types of mothers and differences in nutritional status of their children. COFFEE BREAK 10:30–11:40 Session 11: Health behaviors, quality of life and well‐being of men and women part 2 EWA MALINOWSKA, KRYSTYNA DZWONKOWSKA‐GODULA University of Lodz, Poland Influence of gender on attitudes towards health in women and men’s beliefs. EWA MALINOWSKA, EMILIA GARNCAREK University of Lodz, Poland Pro‐health behaviors of young, middle‐aged and older women and men. JOANNA CHYLIŃSKA, DOROTA WŁODARCZYK, MIROSŁAWA ADAMUS, MARIUSZ JAWORSKI, MAGDALENA ŁAZAREWICZ, MARTA RZADKIEWICZ, GEIR A. ESPNES, GORIL HAUGAN, MONICA LILLEFJEL Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Visit‐related needs and health of senior patients in primary health care in Poland. 11:40–12:00 Closing ceremony 12:00 LUNCH Session 12: Aggression, violence and gender part 2 KATERYNA KOLNOGOROVA USWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland Effects of street harassment on the level of anxiety of women and men. JOANNA PTAK Jagiellonian University of Krakow, Poland Is gender approach towards 'honour' violence justified? The case of Germany, the Netherlands and UK. KONSTANTINOS TSIRIGOTIS The Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Piotrków Trybunalski Branch, Poland Gender, femininity, masculinity, indirect and direct self‐ ‐destructiveness.
IS ZHANG YIMOU A SELFORIENTALIST? Lawson Jiang Film 132B: International Cinema, 1960present February 5, 2016 TA: Isabelle Carbonell Section D Along with the rise of the Fifth Generation directors,1 the contemporary Chinese cinema has gained more popularities on the international film festivals since the early 1990s. While these films presenting the local Chinese culture are well received internationally, the Fifth Generation directors, particularly Zhang Yimou, are often denounced for their selfOrientalist filmmaking practice of selling films packaged with exoticized Chineseness to the Western audience. Based on the belief that the interpretations on cinema can result differently according to various ideological reading, the assertion that Zhang deploys Orientalism in his films can be a result of misinterpretation. This article—through reviewing several books and journals about his 1992 film adaptation Raised the Red Lantern —will explore how Zhang is perceived by various Chinese and Hong Kong scholars in order to find out whether or not he is a selfOrientalist. Zhang, the cinematographerturneddirector who began his career after graduated from Beijing Film Academy in 1983, has been receiving both extreme acknowledgments and criticisms on his films such as Hero (2002), House of Flying Daggers (2004), Curse of the Golden Flower (2006) from the Chinese film critics. On the one hand, Zhang is recognized as a successful director of commercial productions; on the other hand, these commercial titles are also criticized for their banalities due to the lack of depth in storytelling.2 Hero , along with his earlier work Raise the Red Lantern , are criticized by some Chinese journalist as selfOrientalist exercises catering the West. Despite Red Lantern astonishes many Western audience, the film, in 1 The Fifth Generation refers to the group of Chinese directors began their filmmaking since the 1980s. Some of the notable figures are Zhang Yimou, Zhang Yimou, Feng Xiaogang, and Chen Kaige. Although the Sixth Generation emerged in the mid1990s, some the Fifth Generation directors like Zhang Yimou and Feng Xiaogang continues their productions and has become more commercialoriented in Mainland China. 2 I found a brief comment in the entry page of Hero on Douban.com during the research, it goes “Zhang, you should stick back to your cinematography, but not directing.” Lawson Jiang 1 the eyes of a native Beijinger, as Dai Qing3 comments, is “really shot for the casual pleasures of foreigners [who] can go on and muddleheadedly satisfy their oriental fetishisms.”4 Dai, from a native perspective, criticizes that Red Lantern —though the red lanterns provide stunning visual motif—represents a false image of China in terms of the miseenscene. First, Dai notices the Zhangish Chineseness on the walls of the third wife’s room are decorated with large Peking opera masks, which is a major symbol of Chineseness that did not come into fashion until the 1980s and even then only among certain “selfstyled avantgarde” artists would like to show off their “hipness” through these mask decorations. The third wife “would never have thought of decking her walls with those oversized masks,”5 hinting that Zhang is the one who is responsible for this historical mistake in his production. Second, Dai points out that Zhang has also made a fundamental—and the foremost—mistake on the portrayal of the Master: I have never seen nor heard nor read in any book anything remotely resembling the highhanded and flagrant way in which this “master” flaunts the details of his sex life. Even Ximen Qing, the protagonist of the erotic Chinese classic Jin Ping Mei and the archetype of the unabashedly libidinous male, saw fit to maintain a discreet demeanor in negotiating his way among his numerous wives, concubines, and mistresses, and even then he had to resort occasionally to sending a servant to tender his excuses.6 The speaking of one’s sex life has been treated as a taboo in Chinese society—a topic that is forbidden to be brought up publicly—even in the present. As a result, such a portrayal of the 3 Chinese people who do not have an English name, in the English context, would usually have their names sorted in the same order as they are in the Chinese context (family name goes first and given name goes after) In this case, Dai Qing is referred by Dai as Zhang Yimou is referred by Zhang . 4 Dai Qing, “Raised Eyebrows for Raise the Red Lantern.” Translated by Jeanne Tai. Public Culture 5, no. 2 (1993): 336. 5 Ibid., 335. 6 Ibid., 334. Lawson Jiang 2 Master’s sex life, in a traditional sense, is a major flaw of the filmic setting. Dai understands that it is inevitable for Zhang to exoticize and to sell the Chineseness to the Western audience as Zhang is “a serious filmmaker being forced to make a living outside his own country,” suggesting that it is worth the Chinese audience’s sympathy to some extent.7 Dai identifies herself as a person who belongs to the generation of Chinese whose sensibilities have been “ravaged by the Maostyle proletarian culture,”8 Dai—along with her generation who are not allowed and are unable to interpret films from other philosophical perspective—can only seek extreme authenticities in films. “I know nothing about film theory, cinematic techniques, auteurs, schools,” Dai declares in the first paragraph of her journal, “my only criterion is how I respond emotionally to a film.”9 With the Maostyled materialistic influence, Dai’s generation can no longer enjoy any new fashions and trends that she labels as “halfbaked” and that the experiencing of new attempts of storytelling and filmic presentation as “sensibilityrisking.”10 To Dai’s generation, authenticity is the only criteria concerned in judging a film. Whatever reflects the real Chineseness—the Chineseness that is culturally and historically correct—is considered a good film. That is, authenticity provides emotional satisfactions. Raise the Red Lantern , unfortunately, fails to accomplish these two tasks, and the lack of understanding on film theory limits Dai’s interpretation on Red Lantern . She would have been surprised that the red lantern motif that makes her raising eyebrows does far more than that: a basic reading of the lantern, for example, can be viewed as a reinforcement of male authority, while the color of red implies the state of purgatory that the wives suffer in the household—any 7 Ibid., 337. Ibid., 336. 9 Ibid., 333. 10 Ibid., 336. 8 Lawson Jiang 3 of these symbolic implications can easily be identified by the younger generation of Chinese audience. Dai’s demand on authenticities leads to a deviation from reading the theme, that what she has observed from the film are only twisted cultural products; the exotic Chineseness contrived by Zhang. Hence, Dai’s focus on reading the filmic setting rather than the theme results in a biased comment denouncing Zhang as a selfOrientalist. Jane Ying Zha, a Chinese writer from Beijing—the same city where Dai is from—adopts a relatively moderate view on Red Lantern . In her journal “Lore Segal, Red Lantern, and Exoticism” Zha does not perceives the film as “a work of realism in a strict sense” as “some of the details in the movie seem exaggerated, even false, to any historically informed and realisticminded audience.”11 That is, Red Lantern does not attempt, in any sense, to accurately reflect the history of feudal China, but to present the woman’s suffering under the patriarchy in the feudal context. The context functions as a “stage” assisting the director to achieve his expression that is alterable to be set in modern China—while the notion of patriarchal oppression is remain firmly unchanged. Zha views the film as a formalistic exercise due to Zhang’s cinematographic expertise built up earlier in his career, which shares a similar perspective with Rey Chow, who writes in her book Primitive Passions , “the symmetrical screen organizations of architectural details, and the refinedlooking furniture, utensils, food, and costumes in Rain the Red Lantern are all part and parcel of the recognizable cinematographic expertise of Zhang and his collaborators.”12 Zha is impressed by the camera work that deliberately avoid giving closeup to the Master as “[Zhang] thought nothing of shooting the awkwardly melodramatic scenes from the eyes of a Jane Ying Zha, “Lore Segal, Red Lantern, and Exoticism.” Public Culture 5, no. 2 (1993): 331. Rey Chow, Primitive Passions: Visuality, Sexuality, Ethnography, and Contemporary Chinese Cinema. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1995), 143. 11 12 Lawson Jiang 4
an ethnography of exposure in schizophrenia’, Megan Warin (2000) draws upon anthropological research conducted with a group of individuals who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia and were living in a major Australian city.
With all this money that I'm kickin' out…Can I pay for more time?” - 31 year old father of 3 “It makes it so it’s difficult to, for the dad to fight the support and try to build a relationship with your child.” -Child Support System Official References Ethnography “You have to try to get a week’s worth of time into a weekend …And y’know what I mean, your regular every day thing, which it what the custodial parent get, the visiting parent doesn’t get that.
Cultural diversity, employment equity, ethnography, fairness, frittered culture*1, heutagogic learning, memeplexis, validity.
In other words, these are pasts that resist historicization, just as there may be moments in ethnographic research that resist the doing of ethnography.7 Subaltern pasts, in my sense of the term, do not belong exclusively to socially subordinate or subaltern groups, nor to minority identities alone.
Contemporary research within fields of ethology, philosophy, STS, biosemiotics and multispecies ethnography are developing this wave of thought.5 Our thinking draws on this exciting and growing body of research, directing it toward a particular focus on story, and its intra-actions with place.
"history, philosophy, pedagogy, ethics, sociology, ethnography, anthropology, social psychology, aesthetics, art studies, etc."
1).1 He thus brought it to the attention of his colleague, Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks (1826–97), then Keeper of British and Mediaeval Antiquities and Ethnography, who subsequently purchased the intaglio and presented it to the British Museum in the same year.2 In his account of the gem’s provenance, Smith reported that it was shown to him as one in a group of 30 or 40 gems reputedly found on a beach at Constanza, Romania.