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Entering into the Realm of NonExistence T. E. Ehrenfreund I. Introduction There is being and there is nonbeing. There is something and there is nothing. There is action and there is stillness. Symbolically, there is light and there is darkness. Analogically, there is sun and there is moon. We are within the Realm of Existence, of simply being . Herein, we live perceptively according to what we can deduce and derive from this Realm. Our entire lives in all aspects of any kind or degree are bound by this reality we know as being. Therefore, to imagine or ponder a reality opposite to ours (that of nonexistence, nothingness, or “unreality”), is a truly difficult task. Outside of the faculty of our mind’s intellect, pensivity, imagination, thought processes, or any other capabilities it may have (or yet have to unlock or utilize), we cannot truly comprehend such a concept we have not ourselves experienced or even have the ability to experience. Likewise, the concept of eternity or “timeless time” can be grasped to an extent theoretically and philosophically; but in actuality, to grasp it in fullness is not possible due to a lack of experiencing truly this reality of everlasting time. Nonexistence can be symbolically or illustratively called “the absolute blackness” or “the total void”. Nonexistence, along with many other phenomena, is a mystery. Contrary to popular and mundane opinion, a mystery is not the absence of the knowledge of something, but (at least for the sake of this paper) it is defined as that which can be understood to a certain degree via reason, logic, and the like, but cannot be truly grasped in its entirety due to the aforementioned limitations that exist with us residing in our present, finite, limiting reality of being. Using illustrative terms such as “the absolute blackness” or “the total void” are useful in so far as they appeal to our experiential aspect of our thinking: we have perceived darkness with the cessation of light, and therefore understand from experience the concept of darkness or blackness. From this, we can infer that the adjective “absolute” modifying the noun “darkness” signifies this darkness in an exponentially greater degree. The same applies to the term “the total void”. However, almost all illustrations of mysteries or concepts outside of our finite perception bound to this Realm of Existence, have their limitations; these terms of “the absolute darkness” and “the total void” are of no exception. For, the concept of nonexistence is not one of physical attributes; hence, it cannot be truly called “the absolute blackness ”. Neither is the concept of nonexistence relating to anything spatial. For nonexistence is the absence of all that we perceive, experience, or have yet to experience within our current Realm of Existence or State of Being. Indeed, any analogy, or illustration that tries to add ease or leverage to our minds to try to grasp this concept of nonexistence, will inevitably lead us astray in understanding or even to start to understand just a fraction of what nonexistence truly is. For it is totally and utterly outside of the current reality we find ourselves trapped within, and of which we derive our ability to theorize, perceive, explain, imagine, etc. One could joke and say that the reality of nonexistence, to us , is simply nonexistent! Although this is the case, as mentioned before, we can at least attempt or try to endeavour on the “unendeavourable” in understanding what it is theoretically. That being said, one should not be mislead in thinking this paper is the answer to the total and true apprehension, or even the beginning of an apprehension, of this mysterious Realm of Nonexistence. Rather, this paper is only to act as a vehicle of the manifestation of thought provocation into this subject. In other words, it is to be a spark to ignite you, the reader, into thinking deeper within your own reality and existence in the terms and ideas laid of for you in this paper. It is for you to begin to ask the next questions of this “puzzle”, and perhaps create your own insight into our existence. II. The State and Realm of the Nonexistence Previously this paper has only just touched on the introduction of defining what nonexistence actually is. It is fair, then, to expound in greater detail and explanation (to the extent that our finite, existencebounded minds allow for), as to what is meant by the State or the Realm of Nonexistence. Using statements such as, “There is being and there is nonbeing.” and “There is something and there is nothing.”, set the tone in defining what is meant by the realm and the State of Nonexistence. The two terms “State” and “Realm” may be assumed as synonyms but in the context of this paper, they are not. Rather, they compliment one another and are contingent upon each other. The definition of the word “state” itself is the way of living or existing. It could also be defined as the mode, expression, way, condition, quality, or even essence of the existence of a particular something. Subsequently, in this case, the State of Nonexistence would be defined as nonexistence in and of itself and in all that it is comprised of qualitatively. Since by even attempting to define this term does so within the bounds of our reality of existence, the definition of the State of Nonexistence, contextually, is simply the absence of all that is or consists of the Realm of Existence or Being we now reside and have our being and existence within. It is not only the total absence of the Realm of this Being but also its very state (as defined in the definition of state itself). For the Realm of either being or nonbeing, existence or nonexistence in its quality or essence subsists, comprises, and ever gives birth to their inherent Realms. Bringing realm into the conversation, we must of necessity also try to define what is meant by “realm”. The term “realm” itself is defined as being a sphere, domain, and area. With that being said, what is meant by realm in the context of this paper? Simply stated, realm is the “framework” or “expanse” wherein subsides and is totally made up of and comprised of its state. Resorting to Hellenic philosophical terms, state is “ουσια”, or the very essence of either being or nonbeing; realm is the figurative, theoretical “dwellingplace” which is comprised of this state. However, as warned before, using such terms invoke the existence in which we find ourselves in now, and tempt us to think in material, spatial, and finite terms, rather than theoretical and hypothetical terms. Similarly, when using these terms of “state” and “realm”, out of necessity the word “existence or being” or the verbs “to exist, to be, to subside, etc.” are used. This is due to the realm or framework in which we find ourselves in which is constantly existing. It is in this limitation that even the very defining of these terms in relation to something that is nonexistent, is difficult in achieving. In order to allow one’s mind to understand this, using what we know within our current realm of being, the following illustration could be used. Let us allow our brains to think as far back as we are able to, then progress chronologically through all of the thoughts of all that you have experienced in any way up until this present point of reference. Now, stand up, and make a full rotation around the room or space wherein you find yourself. Open your eyes while still holding onto the thoughts you collected, and observe your surroundings. Proceed to go outside if you are not already there. While there, continue to observe your immediate surroundings. Let each of your five senses perceive and take in all it can around you. Take into account all of the plant life, animal life, and human life around you. Now look up into the sky. Whether it be night or day, you can see the heavens surround you. It may have, at some point in your life, brought you to ponder what lies beneath. Perhaps you have seen pictures of satellite photography in space, or computer simulations of space and what we currently know about the universe. A plethora of stars and planets, and many unknown celestial realities of our universe lay beyond that sky you now see. Close your eyes, clearing your mind of all distractions, and only think of all of what has been previously mentioned. Simply think of your current existence and everything you have ever experienced therein. All of the people you have met, and all of the people you have yet to meet. All of what you know, and all of what you have yet to know. All that you know exists or is said to exist, and all that we have yet to find existing. Within the darkness of your mind, imagine as if all of these things ceased to be. As though, when opening your eyes, you would find all that you knew to cease to be including yourself, your thoughts, your actions, your memories, and all within the existence of the universe and realm we reside in. Of course, now having opened your eyes, you still find yourself in the same place and state you were as
From this point, Scotus concludes that the first cause must actually exist, for a possible first cause can only exist of its own virtue, as a being which is dependent on nothing, and so non-existence would imply a form of dependency, and thus, a contradiction.
They never think to ask what the implications would be if God did not exist.
First, all objects exist in a world.
As while every attempt at individuation has failed, there may yet still exist an individual or many.
or no-thing an sense in the impor that philosophical prin for certain types of transcendental as to exist ("a-things") entity, known.4 essences being defined by the structure of existence without ( Was-seiende) This position (Da-sein).
However, these two last methods would have made appear new geometry elements which didn’t exist on the original shape: