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Cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) are activated by cannabinoid agonists, which augment endocannabinoid signalling.
G protein–coupled receptors catalyze GDP release on cognate G proteins through a mechanism that is not fully elucidated;
ABOUT NMDARE 97%
It is thought that antibodies are initially formed against NMDA receptors found within tumour, and then attack similar-looking receptors in the brain, thinking that it is another tumour.
Peripheral serotonergic receptors in the intestine regulate intestinal secretions and motility (5HT 3,4 &7).
(2005) http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1681626&tool=pmcentrez ACEA/ ARACHIDONYL-2'-CHLOROETHYLAMIDE - synthetic, CB1 agonist The cannabinoids R(-)-7-hydroxy-delta-6-tetra-hydrocannabinol-dimethylheptyl (HU210), 2-O-arachidonoylglycerylether (HU-310) and arachidonyl-2-chloroethylamide (ACEA) increase isoflurane provoked sleep duration by activation of cannabinoids 1 (CB1)-receptors in mice.
Nitric oxide would cause vasodilation and a reflex increase in HR (mediated by activation of cardiac β1 receptors).
This PET study was conducted to investigate the receptor occupancy of 11CSCH442416 in the human brain and to determine plasma concentrations and dose of preladenant which result in inhibition of 11C-SCH442416 binding to adenosine 2A receptors.
Endocrinology and Metabolic Processes Regulation Athletic Success via Biochemical Supplementation ● ● ● Author: Eva Date: 20160130 Rev: 1.2.1 Note : This is a work in progress for my own purposes. It is currently evolving. Resources are listed in brackets with source links at the end of the document. If otherwise not noted/bracketed, the writing is from the author’s own contextual knowledge. Conclusions are bolded where deemed relevant to a topic. A Quick Intro to Endocrinology and Metabolism Prior to getting into any concepts or useful conclusions there are several background terms and elements that the reader should be familiar with. We’ll start with fundamentals and touch on several core elements before introducing the cyclical elements of endocrinology and the metabolic cycle. These terms, concepts, and cycles are essential to understanding how one’s diet and hormonal balances are controlled by diet, which in turn defines how our physical form is capable of performance, growth, decline, and overall change. Fundamental Terms The following terms will come up occasionally throughout this document and, as such, one would benefit from knowing the context around them prior to continuing. Endogenous Originating from within an organism, not attributable to any external or environmental factor. eg: biologically produced estrogen created by the ovaries. Exogenous Originating from outside an organism, caused by an agent or organism outside the body. eg: hormone replacement medication taken by injection. MacroNutrients The combined requirements of base nutrition required to sustain healthy human existence. There are three primary macronutrients: protein, fat, and carbohydrate.  Macronutrients are defined as a class of chemical compounds which humans consume in the largest quantities (must be above a threshold amount) and which provide humans with the bulk of energy.  CNS, The Central Nervous System The central nervous system is composed of the brain and spinal cord. Your brain and spinal cord serve as the main "processing center" for the entire nervous system, and control all the workings of your body. PSN, The Peripheral Nervous System The peripheral nervous system consists of the nerves that branch out from the brain and spinal cord. These nerves form the communication network between the CNS and the body parts. The peripheral nervous system is further subdivided into the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system. The somatic nervous system consists of nerves that go to the skin and muscles and is involved in conscious activities. The autonomic nervous system consists of nerves that connect the CNS to the visceral organs such as the heart, stomach, and intestines. It mediates unconscious activities. Endocrinology A branch of biology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions known as hormones. It is also concerned with the integration of developmental events proliferation, growth, and differentiation, and the psychological or behavioral activities of metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sleep, digestion, respiration, excretion, mood, stress, lactation, movement, reproduction, and sensory perception caused by hormones. Metabolism The set of lifesustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living organisms. These enzymecatalyzed reactions allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures, and respond to their environments. Pharmacokinetics Sometimes described as what the body does to a drug, refers to the movement of drug into, through, and out of the body the time course of its absorption, bioavailability, tissue distribution, metabolism, and excretion.  Endocrinology: Communication and Message Relays The endocrine system is a collection of glands that secrete hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs. The major endocrine glands include the pineal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas, ovaries, testes, thyroid, parathyroid, hypothalamus, gastrointestinal tract, and adrenal glands. The Role of Hormones in Endocrinology Hormones are the body’s signaling molecules that are used to communicate between organs and tissues. They regulate physiological and behavioral activities, such as digestion, metabolism, respiration, tissue function, sensory perception, sleep, excretion, lactation, stress, growth and development, movement, reproduction, and mood. The particulars of each hormone are covered in the section titled “Neurotransmitters, Hormones, and Histamines”. An Overview of Hormonal Biosynthesis Receptors In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein molecule usually found embedded within the plasma membrane surface of a cell that receives chemical signals from outside the cell.
www.openmedscience.com Research Article Quantitative in vivo Imaging of Adenosine A2A Receptors in the Human Brain Using 11C-SCH442416 PET:
These tools include the CD4 receptor and chemokine co-receptors.
(news – 2011) http://hailmaryjane.com/a-legit-cannabis-pill-you-dont-say/ IMMUNE SYSTEM Presence and functional regulation of cannabinoid receptors in immune cells.
Tianeptine, an atypical antidepressant patented and developed by Servier, enhances the synaptic reuptake of serotonin, without affecting norepinephrine and dopamine uptake, while it lacks affinity for neurotransmitter receptors.
1970), but the basis for this activity was not understood until the cannabinoid receptors were cloned.
No deﬁnite success has been found with AMPA modulators, glycine site NMDA receptors agonists, or glycine reuptake inhibitors.
Growth factors 90%
FGFs induce the majority of their characteristic responses via binding to high-affinity cell surface receptors.
Actions are pleiotropic, mediated by membrane and nuclear receptors, other binding sites or chemical interactions.