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J Food Process Pres 38, 2014, 1399-1400 100%

At best, the concentrations detected in the wines were about 20% of the aroma threshold concentration defined in the literature.” This statement does not make sense.


06/11/2015 www.pdf-archive.com

TurnCounterHowto 99%

Setting up the turn counter    Analog triggers  Analog triggers convert analog signals into digital signals using the cRIO’s FPGA. In order to  make the turn counter work, we use an analog trigger to create a digital signal when the  potentiometer “wraps around” from 0° to 360° or 360° to 0°.     Code sample (creating an analog trigger):     AnalogTrigger​  _analogTrigger ​ =​  ​ new​  ​ AnalogTrigger​ (​ channel​ );    Analog trigger outputs  The analog trigger can send outputs in a number of different modes. The two most useful to us  here are Rising Pulse and Falling Pulse. Rising Pulse sends a pulse of digital signal when the  analog signal changes from a value below the minimum voltage you’ve set (hereafter called the  “lower threshold”) to a value above the maximum voltage you’ve set (the “upper threshold”).  Falling Pulse sends a pulse when the signal changes from a value above the upper threshold to  one below the lower threshold. One of these should pulse whenever you hit the potentiometer’s  discontinuity; which one indicates the direction the wheel pod is turning.    Code sample (creating analog trigger outputs):    AnalogTriggerOutput​  _analogTriggerFalling ​ =​  ​ new​  ​ AnalogTriggerOutput​ (​ _analogTrigger​ ,  AnalogTriggerOutput​ .​ Type​ .​ kFallingPulse​ );    AnalogTriggerOutput​  _analogTriggerRising ​ =​  ​ new​  ​ AnalogTriggerOutput​ (​ _analogTrigger​ ,  AnalogTriggerOutput​ .​ Type​ .​ kRisingPulse​ );    Creating the counter  To create a turn counter, we need to count the digital pulses of the analog trigger outputs. When  one pulses, we should increment the counter; when the other pulses, we should decrement it.  Which is which depends on your setup.     Code sample (creating the turn counter):    Counter​  _turnCounter ​ =​  ​ new​  ​ Counter​ ();  _turnCounter​ .​ setUpDownCounterMode​ ();  _turnCounter​ .​ setUpSource​ (​ _analogTriggerRising​ );  _turnCounter​ .​ setDownSource​ (​ _analogTriggerFalling​ );  _turnCounter​ .​ start​ ();    The filter, setting the sample rate and threshold voltages  Although the potentiometer’s discontinuity normally looks like a straight vertical line of voltage, it  isn’t; it’s a very steep, not­quite­vertical line. Thus, when crossing it, there’s a chance that one of  the voltages sampled by the analog trigger will be on that line, which really messes things up.  Luckily, you can enable a filter on the analog trigger’s input that samples three points and  rejects the one closest to average. In this way, so long as no more than one sampled point in a  row lies on the discontinuity and the surrounding points are below / above the lower / upper  threshold voltages, the crossing will still be detected. We need to set the sample rate low  enough that no more than one point can lie on the line.     This graph shows a closeup of the potentiometer’s discontinuity. In theory, so long as the  sample rate is slower than the 520 Hz displayed, no more than one point should lie along the  line. In practice, I found a huge margin of error beneficial; I went with 50 Hz. However, set the  sample rate too low and you run into another problem: the time between samples may be so  great that the times when the signal is above the upper threshold or below the lower threshold  are missed completely. When you lower the sample rate, you need to lower your upper  threshold and raise your lower threshold; doing this too much can result in false positives from  things like signal noise. In order to ensure that the value above the upper threshold isn’t missed,  the difference between the potentiometer’s real maximum voltage and the upper threshold must  be at least equal to the time between samples (in my case, 0.02 seconds) times the maximum  rate of change of the voltage. The same must be true of the difference between the  potentiometer’s real minimum voltage and the lower threshold. I wound up using a  “real­threshold” voltage difference of 0.6V. To get false positives, the two thresholds have to be  pretty close; once again, big safety margins are your friend.    Code sample (enabling input filtering):    _analogTrigger​ .​ setFiltered​ (​ true​ );    Code sample (setting the thresholds):    double​  _sensingVoltageDifference ​ =​  ​ 0.6;  _analogTrigger​ .​ setLimitsVoltage​ (​ minVoltage ​ +​  _sensingVoltageDifference​ ,​  maxVoltage ​ ­  _sensingVoltageDifference​ );    Code sample (setting the sample rate):    int​  DEFAULT_ANALOG_MODULE ​ =​  ​ 1;  int​  ANALOG_SAMPLE_RATE ​ =​  ​ 50​ ;​  ​ //Hz  AnalogModule​  ​ module​  ​ =​  ​ (​ AnalogModule​ )​  ​ Module​ .​ getModule​ (​ ModulePresence​ .​ ModuleType​ .​ kAnalog​ ,  DEFAULT_ANALOG_MODULE​ );  module​ .​ setSampleRate​ (​ ANALOG_SAMPLE_RATE​ );    Computing the new degree measurement  The end goal of this is to create a potentiometer that reads beyond 360°. To get this reading,  simply multiply the turn count by 360° and add the wheel’s current heading.    Code sample (reading the new degree measurement):    double​  heading ​ =​  ​ (((​ voltage ​ ­​  _minVoltage​ )​  ​ *​  ​ (​ 360.0​  ​ /​  _maxVoltage​ )))​  ​ %​  ​ 360.0;  double​  degrees ​ =​  heading ​ +​  ​ (​ _turnCounter​ .​ get​ ()​  ​ *​  ​ 360.0​ );      Putting it all together  Here’s my final code. I don’t know if things need to be in this order (as opposed to the order  presented above) but it certainly works for me.         // Constants //  private​  ​ static​  ​ final​  ​ int​  ANALOG_SAMPLE_RATE ​ =​  ​ 50;  private​  ​ static​  ​ final​  ​ int​  DEFAULT_ANALOG_MODULE ​ =​  ​ 1​ ;    private​  ​ static​  ​ final​  ​ double​  _sensingVoltageDifference ​ =​  ​ 0.6;    // Global fields //  private​  ​ AnalogTrigger​  _analogTrigger;  private​  ​ Counter​  _turnCounter;  private​  ​ AnalogTriggerOutput​  _analogTriggerFalling;  private​  ​ AnalogTriggerOutput​  _analogTriggerRising;    // In potentiometer's constructor //  _analogTrigger ​ =​  ​ new​  ​ AnalogTrigger​ (​ channel​ );  _analogTrigger​ .​ setFiltered​ (​ true​ );  _analogTrigger​ .​ setLimitsVoltage​ (​ minVoltage ​ +​  _sensingVoltageDifference​ ,​  maxVoltage ​ ­  _sensingVoltageDifference​ );  _analogTriggerFalling ​ =​  ​ new​  ​ AnalogTriggerOutput​ (​ _analogTrigger​ ,  AnalogTriggerOutput​ .​ Type​ .​ kFallingPulse​ );  _analogTriggerRising ​ =​  ​ new​  ​ AnalogTriggerOutput​ (​ _analogTrigger​ ,  AnalogTriggerOutput​ .​ Type​ .​ kRisingPulse​ );    AnalogModule​  ​ module​  ​ =​  ​ (​ AnalogModule​ )​  ​ Module​ .​ getModule​ (​ ModulePresence​ .​ ModuleType​ .​ kAnalog​ ,  DEFAULT_ANALOG_MODULE​ );  module​ .​ setSampleRate​ (​ ANALOG_SAMPLE_RATE​ );      _turnCounter ​ =​  ​ new​  ​ Counter​ ();  _turnCounter​ .​ setUpDownCounterMode​ ();  _turnCounter​ .​ setUpSource​ (​ _analogTriggerRising​ );  _turnCounter​ .​ setDownSource​ (​ _analogTriggerFalling​ );  _turnCounter​ .​ start​ ();    // getDegrees() function //  double​  heading ​ =​  ​ (((​ voltage ​ ­​  _minVoltage​ )​  ​ *​  ​ (​ 360.0​  ​ /​  _maxVoltage​ )))​  ​ %​  ​ 360.0;  double​  degrees ​ =​  heading ​ +​  _offsetDegrees ​ +​  ​ (​ _turnCounter​ .​ get​ ()​  ​ *​  ​ 360.0​ );​  ​ //I have an  "offset" that allows me to compensate for potentiometers that aren't installed exactly  straight   


25/05/2016 www.pdf-archive.com

J Wine Res 20, 2009, 159-166 98%

Within this established literature context, it is clear that both 4-ethylphenol and ethyl acetate display wide concentration ranges in commercial wines, and also have broad matrix specific odour threshold ranges, thereby warranting more sophisticated sensory experimental designs than were employed by Cliff and King (2009).


03/11/2015 www.pdf-archive.com

Translating SB75 letters (for May 2016) (1) 97%

In order for the transition to go as smoothly as possible, we urge DHCS to translate the first letter sent to beneficiaries into all of the Medi-Cal threshold languages, consistent with the translation of the rest of the letters.


31/05/2016 www.pdf-archive.com

image processing and applications on Cryptography 97%

In order to extract the useful information from an image it needs to be divided into distinct components like foreground (where pixel value is ‘1’) and background (where pixel value is ‘0’) objects for further analysis where most often the gray level pixels of foreground components are quite different from that of background and in this context a very crucial and significant technique available in literature known as thresholding is applied which is the process of partitioning pixels in the images into object and background classes based upon the relationship between the gray level value of a pixel and the significant parameter threshold to separate the object from the background, finding the correct value of which to separate an image into desirable foreground and background remains a very crucial step in image processing domain [2].


18/09/2015 www.pdf-archive.com

JDIT-2015-0216-013 96%

The sphere volumes were determined applying the threshold value that minimizes the difference between the actual volume and the calculated volume.


30/05/2017 www.pdf-archive.com

Sliding Door Hardware Track 95%

www.kncrowder.com GARAGE DOOR THRESHOLD ● K N Crowder provides garage door threshold with various variations regarding the color and sizes.


02/11/2016 www.pdf-archive.com

TRC SC 95%

Spatiotemporal threshold The first step in defining a SC is selection of spatiotemporal thresholds (relative to a PC).


26/04/2018 www.pdf-archive.com

Widget Config 95%

Time Threshold. ... Upper Warning Threshold. ... Upper Warning Threshold.


08/09/2015 www.pdf-archive.com

BIFOLD 13 94%

THRESHOLDS Although a flush threshold is the most popular option especially for internal bifold doors this may not always be practical in some cases and a conventional raised threshold will need to be used.


03/11/2015 www.pdf-archive.com

7I16-IJAET0916936 v6 iss4 1494to1504 93%

as a function of the detection threshold with and without additive Gaussian Noise (AWGN) for different SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio).


04/07/2014 www.pdf-archive.com

PUB8822 01 18 1 92%

457(b) “Catch-up” Contribution Limit for Persons Over Age 50 at Year End $6,000 SIMPLE Plan Elective Deferral Limit $12,500 SIMPLE Plan “Catch-up” Contribution Limit for Persons Over Age 50 at Year End $3,000 SEP Minimum Compensation Amount $600 Key Employee “Top-Heavy” Plan Compensation Threshold $175,000 Highly Compensated Employee Compensation Threshold $120,000 Defined Benefit Plan Maximum Annual Benefit $220,000 Maximum Annual Compensation Taken into Account for Qualified Plans $275,000 ESOP Additional Year Threshold / 5 Year Distribution Threshold $220,000 / $1,105,000 IRA Contribution Limit (Traditional and Roth Combined) $5,500 IRA “Catch-up” Contribution Limit for Persons Over Age 50 at Year End (Traditional and Roth Combined) 20% 3.8% NET INVESTMENT INCOME TAX MAGI THRESHOLD &


27/04/2018 www.pdf-archive.com

IJETR2161 92%

and denotes the connection weights of the hidden and output layers, and are the threshold values of the hidden and output layers, respectively, which are always distributed between -1 and 1.


09/09/2017 www.pdf-archive.com

how do i pick the1541 91%

Even with your cooling and heating you could pay for breezy doors and window units, and the very best means to prevent all of it is to begin by installing a door threshold.


26/07/2013 www.pdf-archive.com

IJETR2159 90%

An analytical model for the surface potential and threshold voltage has been developed both for these structures using a generalized 2D Poisson’s equation solution.


09/09/2017 www.pdf-archive.com

HIOKI 3174 ENG 90%

The measured current (measured insulation value) exceeded the specified upper threshold.


24/12/2015 www.pdf-archive.com

36N13-IJAET0112172 revised 90%

In this paper we show that the overhead incurred by the existing Banker’s algorithm is of the 𝑶(𝒎𝒏𝟐 ) while that of the proposed threshold based resource allocation technique is 𝑶(𝒎).The simulation results indicates that the average turnaround time of the proposed technique is approximately 9% lower than the existing technique leading to overall improvement in the performance of the system.


13/05/2013 www.pdf-archive.com

Wall Mount Sliding Door Hardware 90%

Garage Door Threshold ● Garage Door Threshold will provides better storage space for home, office,schools and other organizations etc.


06/10/2016 www.pdf-archive.com

2I18-IJAET0118674 v6 iss6 2335-2341 89%

d u k    k 1   k 0  (3) where d(.) is the fusion center decision statistic, uk is the error between the target’s predicted and actual position,  is the corresponding threshold, and k is the global decision at scan period k.


04/07/2014 www.pdf-archive.com

ThresholdLauncherToolkit 2pg 89%

1 of 3 Threshold Launcher Toolkit:


20/10/2016 www.pdf-archive.com

Making Image Filters with Canvas - HTML5 Rocks 89%

Brighten the image http://www.html5rocks.com/en/tutorials/canvas/imagefilters/#toc­conclusion 3/9 8/30/2016 Making Image Filters with Canvas ­ HTML5 Rocks Thresholding an image is also quite simple. You just compare the grayscale value of a pixel to the threshold value and set the color based on that:


03/09/2016 www.pdf-archive.com

BIFOLD 13 89%

THRESHOLD Height of thresholds is usually a very important factor for new conservatories and most bifolding door systems will provide a choice of flush or low thresholds to eliminate trip hazards although some low threshold options may not be as weather-proof as purpose designed flush thresholds.


13/11/2015 www.pdf-archive.com

ELEMENTS the PSYCHOPHYSICS-01-English-Gustav Theodor Fechner 89%

The fact of the threshold 1) Intensive threshold a) Threshold b) Difference threshold 2) Extensive Threshold 3) More general considerations concerning the threshold 4) Consequences of the existence of the threshold XI.


06/02/2019 www.pdf-archive.com

equinox 2014 training program 89%

Threshold Running Strength Training Speed or Hill Running Strength Training Long Distance Running Rest 5x 3 mins.


17/06/2014 www.pdf-archive.com