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TESI Borghini Necessity&SufficiencyUniversals.pdf


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On the Necessity and Sufficiency of Universals,
A. Borghini
"Table of Contents"

On the Necessity and Sufficiency of Universals
Andrea Borghini

Department of Philosophy, Columbia University, New York
Introduction
I. The Sufficiency of Properties
II. Numbering the World and Singling Out Individuals
III. Empiricism
IV. The Thesis in a Nutshell
V. Two Terminological Notes
VI. Synopsis

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A Dialogue

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PART I: On the Necessity of Individuals
Introduction

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Chapter 1
Singling Out Individuals I and II: Indiscernibility, Haecceitates, and Essences
§1.1 Singling Out: The Role of Properties

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§1.2 Singling Out 1: The Principle of the Indiscernibility of Identicals

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§1.3 Singling Out 2: Haecceitates

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§1.4 Aristotle On Essences

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§1.4.1 Essences in the Categories

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§1.4.2 Essences in the Metaphysics

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§1.4.3 Aristotle’s Legacy

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§1.5 Singling Out 3: Sortals

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§1.5.1 Sortal Properties

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§1.5.2 Singling Out Through Sortals

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§1.6 Singling Out 4: Final Causes

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§1.6.1 Final Causes

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§1.6.2 Singling Out Through Final Causes

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