Applications of Energy Storage Technology .pdf
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Applications of Energy Storage Technology
Energy storage technology has been used across different settings. Large-scale energy storage ensures
that systems run more efficiently, with lower emissions, less price, and more reliable power. Traditional
energy sources like natural gas power plants and coal are turned off and on, based on demand. This
means they cannot operate at peak performance. Let us have a look at some of the existent storage
technologies as seen below.
1 Thermal Storage
Thermal storage captures power from the sun, even when it is not shining. Solar plants capture the sun’s
heat and store energy in fluids such as water, molten salts or more forms. Now, energy storage
technologies make it possible to use solar energy even after the sun has set! Concentrating solar plants
focus the heat of the sun to store energy in water, molten salt, or different fluid forms. Thermal storage
technologies also permit end use energy storage.
2 Compressed Air
Compressed Air Energy Storage works to store the elastic potential energy of compressed air. This
improves the efficiency of conventional gas turbines. Compress air using electricity during off-peak times.
During a peak demand period, the air is drawn from the storage and fired with natural gas in a
combustion turbine to deliver electricity.
A zero-carbon fuel for generation, excess electricity can be used for creating hydrogen. This is stored
using energy storage technologies to be used in fuel cells, engines, gas turbines to generate electricity
without emissions that harm the earth. Hydrogen can even be concentrated from wind power.
4 Pumped Hydroelectric Storage
Energy storage technologies at the transmission stage are generated through pumped hydroelectric
power. It Store excess generation for use later. This is one of the largest energy storage technology
applications in current settings.
Flywheels provide numerous benefits to the grid at either the transmission or distribution level.
Electricity is stored in the form of a spinning mass. To discharge the energy, the rotor switches to
generation mode, lessens in speed and runs on inertial energy, returning electricity to the grid.
Renewable energy benefits from energy storage technology. Clean technologies can power the grid and
store energy for use in a smooth, seamless, and efficient manner. Warehousing energy from multiple
sources permits companies to produce power that is affordable and efficient. This powers critical
services and key infrastructure. Different energy storage technologies lead to electricity stability working
at varied stages of the grid, from generation to consumer end-usage.