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Can kidney cancer be found early .pdf


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Can kidney cancer be found early?
Many cases of kidney cancer are detected relatively early when they are still confined to the kidney,
although other cases are detected in more advanced stages of the disease. This is due to several
reasons:
Sometimes these cancers become large without causing any pain or other problems.
Because the kidneys are located in a deep area of the body, small kidney tumors cannot be seen or felt
during a physical examination.
There are no recommended screening tests that can be used for the early detection of kidney cancer for
those who are not at increased risk. This is because no test has been shown to reduce the overall risk of
dying from kidney cancer.
Some tests may detect some kidney cancers early, but none are recommended for the detection of
these cancers in people at medium risk.
A routine urine test (urinalysis) is conducted as a part of the complete medical examination. However,
there are many causes other than kidney cancer that causes blood in the urine, including bladder
infections, urinary tract infections, bladder cancer, and benign (non-cancerous) kidney problems such as
kidney stones. Also, some people with kidney cancer do not have blood in the urine until the tumor is
quite large and may have spread to other parts of the body.
The imaging studies such as computed tomography (CT, for its acronym in English) and magnetic
resonance imaging (MRI) can often detect small kidney cancers, but these studies are expensive.
Ultrasound is less expensive and may also detect early kidney cancers. One problem with these studies
is that they cannot always differentiate between benign tumors and small renal cell carcinomas.
Kidney cancers are often detected (causally) during imaging studies due to other diseases, such as a
gallbladder disease. These cancers usually do not cause pain or other symptoms at the time of
detection. The survival rate for these kidney cancers is very high because they are detected at a very
early stage.
People with increased kidney cancer risk
People who have certain hereditary conditions have an increased risk of kidney cancer. Some doctors
often recommend that these people undergo regular imaging (e.g., CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasound
scans) to detect kidney tumors. Kidney cancers that are detected early with these studies can often be
cured.
It is important to notify your doctor if any family members (blood relatives) have or have had kidney
cancer, especially at an early age, or if they have been diagnosed with an inherited condition associated
with this disease. Your kidney doctor in Delhi may recommend that you consider genetic counseling and
genetic testing to determine if you have the condition.
Before you undergo genetic testing, it is essential to consult with best kidney doctor in India so you can
understand what tests can and cannot tell you, as well as what any results would mean. Genetic tests
are used to find out if there are genetic mutations in your DNA that cause these conditions. They are

used to diagnose these hereditary conditions and not to diagnose kidney cancer itself. Your risk may be
greater if you have one of these conditions, but this does not mean that you have (or will suffer) kidney
cancer.


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