Temple Article 3 (PDF)

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The MeenakshiSundareswarar temple (twin temples) or popularly known as
Madurai Meenakshi Temple is one of the biggest temples in India. The original
temple built by KulasekaraPandyan was in ruins. The plan for the current
temple structure was laid by ViswanathNaik and was completed by
TirumalaiNayakar. The Aadi, Chittirai and the Maasi, and Veli streets surround
the temple. Both temples are adorned with exquisite carvings & sculptures and
gold plated vimanams.

There are 12 massive gopurams in the temple, the four tallest gopurams at the
outer walls (The tallest is the southern gopuram, measuring 49 metres). There
are four entrances. The main entrance is to the Meenakshi Amman shrine.
AshtaShakthiMandapam is reached from the eastern gateway. It was built by
ThirumalaiNayakar's wives RudrapathiAmmal and Tholimamai. The scenes
from the Thiruvilayadals of the Lord and from Meenakshi Amman's life as a
princess are depicted on the pillars of this mandapam.
The golden lotus pond (PotraamaraiKulam) is located to the left of the
Meenakshi shrine. The Tamil Sangam used to value the literary works by
placing them in the waters of this tank. Only those works which rose back to the
surface were accepted as great masterpieces. Tiruvalluvar'sTirukkural was
accepted at this pond.

On the western side of this tank are the OonjalMandapam with the deities and
the KilikootuMandapam (hall of parrots), with parrots chanting the name of
Meenakshi. Every Friday the gold idols of the Lord &Meenakshi are placed on
the Oonjal (swing )& worshipped with hymns & offerings.

Sundareswarar gives darshan in the form of a linga, supported by 64
bhootaganas, 32 lions and 8 elephants. He is also known by other names such as
Chokkanathar, Karpurachokkar. The stump of the Kadamba tree under which
Indra worshipped the Lord can be seen in the outer corridor.
The KampathadiMandapam and VelliAmbalam are situated in the outer
corridor. The scenes from the wedding cermeony of Sundareswarar&Meenakshi
are depicted in the pillars of this hall. This place is one of the 5 (PanchaSabhais)
sabhas of Nataraja where Siva dances. (The other dance halls are Chidambaram,
Tiruvaalankadu, Tirunelveli and Kutralam). There is a unique idol of Nataraja
dancing with his right leg raised to the shoulder instead of the left. The Lord is
considered to have danced thus, at the request of King RajasekaraPandyan.
Since the idol of Nataraja is covered with silver leaves, it is called Velli (silver)

The thousandpillared hall is an architectural & engineering marvel, built in the
16th century. The pillars have the Yazhi figure sculpted on them. There are
musical granite pillars just outside this mandapam, which when struck yield
different musical notes. On the east is the VasanthaMandapam or the
PudhuMandapam. Scenes of the wedding & life-size figures of the Nayak rulers
can be seen here.Trichy temples is considered to be one of the best Hindu
Temples of Tamilnadu

There is a huge idol of Lord Ganesha as you move from the
kilikoontumandapam to Lord Sundareswarar'ssannadhi. This Ganesha known as
MukkuruniVinayakar was unearthed by Tirumalainayakar while he was digging
a temple tank 3 kmsfrom the Meenakshi Amman temple.The both meenakshi
Amman Temple and Temples in Trichy are also the best Tourist places in

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