Poster Y3844892 .pdf

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What Would You Give And Why?
An investigation into what motivates people to donate to charity

Y3844892
Procedure
• Contacted online through Knowledge Networks
• Completed questionnaire on demographic
information
• Watched a video surrounding charitable giving
• Completed second questionnaire surrounding
willingness to donate and beliefs of those in need
Design
Between subjects two way ANOVA
• IV: Gender
• IV: Personal knowledge of someone receiving assistance
from charity
• DV: % of possible $100 willing to donate
Spearman's Rho Correlation
• IV: % of people believer to be poor due to circumstances
beyond their control
• DV: % of possible $100 willing to donate
Results
Effect of gender and personal knowledge on % of possible
winnings donated

Hypothesis





Gender
Personal Knowledge
Gender + Personal Knowledge
Belief circumstances are beyond
victims control

Donations

100

Methods
Participants
• N = 517 (Male = 258, Female = 259)
• Average age: 47 (SD =16.62, range:18 - 92)
• From a variety of ethnical backgrounds across the
USA

90
80
70
60

Relationship between beliefs about recipient's
circumstances and donations

% of possible winnings donated

Introduction
• In the aftermath tragic events such as natural
disasters, those most affected rely heavily on
charitable intervention
• It is therefore important to understand what
motivates charitable giving to best target those
most likely to donate
• Both personal demographics and beliefs are likely
to effect this
• The empathic concern associated with being
female has been linked to more charitable
behaviours (Willer, Wimer, & Owens, 2015)
• Personal knowledge and/or contact with those
who receive from charity has also been shown to
boost sympathy and lead to more donations (Small
& Simonsohn, 2008)
• Sympathy is also increases when it is believed that
a victim is not responsible for their misfortune
(Zagefka, Noor, Brown, Randsley de Moura &
Hopthrow, 2011)

100
90
80

% of posible
winnings
donated

70
60

Linear (% of
posible winnings
donated)

50
40
30
20
10
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

% of people believed to be poor due to reasons beyond their
control

A weak positive correlation between beliefs and donations
• rs (515) = .135, p <.005 .
Discussion
• The only significant result came from the correlation
analysis, however it was weak
• The results suggest that charities should highlight
that their recipients are not responsible for their
circumstances if they wish to increase donations
• Future research may benefit from looking more into
the association between beliefs about victims and
charitable donations

50
40
30

References
Small, Deborah A., & Simonsohn, U. (2008). Friends of
Female
Male
Victims: Personal Experience and Prosocial Behavior.
Gender
Journal of Consumer Research, 35(3), 532-542.
Personal Knowledge No
Personal Knowledge Yes
Willer, R., Wimer, C., & Owens, L. A. (2015). What drives
No significant effect of gender
the gender gap in charitable giving? Lower empathy
leads men to give less to poverty relief. Social Science
• F(1,513) = 0.029, p = .864, partial η2 = .000)
Research, 52, 83-98.
No significant effect of personal knowledge
Zagefka H., Noor M., Brown R., Randsley de, Moura G.,
• F(1,513) = 1.608, p = .205, partial η2 = .003
Hopthrow T. (2011). Donating to disaster victims:
No significant interaction effect between gender and knowledge
Responses to natural and man-made disasters.
• F(1,513) = 0.002, p = .962, partial η2 = .000
European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 353-363
20
10

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