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Draws attention to the distinction between two different
approaches to teaching: Pedagogy (teacher-centred approach to
learning), and andragogy (learner-centred approach to learning).
In pedagogy, learning is acquired by the learner from the instructions
and amount of learning provided by the teacher/trainer. This is mostly
used in child-learning.
In andragogy, the learner is able to provide input to the learning they
receive. This is usually applied for adult-learning where each adult’s
experience is a source of learning information.
Behaviourist learning theory suggests that two things are
necessary for effective learning:
1) Clear behavioural expectations
2) Stimuli that ‘condition’ learners to progress towards these
Cognitivism rejects the idea that behaviour is just a response to external
stimuli. This learning theory states that learners actively process information,
by linking old and new information together in a meaningful and cumulative
way. For example, mental processes include thinking, remembering, knowing,
problem-solving, observing, categorising and making generalisations. The
focus of cognitivism is on the human mind and how people think and
(Source: Learning theories)
Information processing theory is based on research which shows
that the human brain is capable of storing and retaining information
1) Information is presented in small ‘chunks’ of content
2) Chinks are sequenced in logical order that creates a pattern of
progression from one chunk to the next