PPt Monica Lima (PDF)

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Title: PPt_Monica Lima
Author: bill.yotive

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Monica Lima
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Almost 45% of all Africans who were victims of
the Transatlantic Slave Trade entered in the
Americas through Brazilian ports, and the
majority of them stayed in the country
 Between the end of the XVIII century and the
beginning of the XIX century, the centre of the
slave trading activity was in Brazil, mostly in Rio
de Janeiro city
 Brazil has today the first place in population of
African descendents, outside Africa  almost
half of the Brazilian population

Long struggle for a real inclusion of AfroBrazilian History in the curricula
 9 January 2003 : Law # 10.639 made
compulsory the teaching of History and AfroBrazilian Culture in the publics and private
schools of Brazil
 June 2004 : the National Council of Education
published some orientation to teach AfroBrazilian and Africa History and to prepare
teachers to do it in the schools.

Why there was the need for a law to to
validate the presence of such an evidently
fundamental content in Brazilian History ?
 > Brazilian history of denial of Africans and
African Slavery as fundamental in our
history; > academic racism;
 > elitistic bias of the curricula choices
 > fear of stimulating conflicts ( the myth of
our racial democracy would be broken)

many school teachers do want to change

students, inside the University, want to make
their studies part of this new approach

Black social movement struggles for this

Prepare the teachers
 Produce materials, tools
 Choose the approach and the subjects
 Dialogue with other disciplines
 Dialogue with the academic world

Many projects have been done .
Ex: www.acordacultura.org.br
 Some texts have been produced
 The subject is ‘on the table’ of the most
important universities and research centers
 Some government support has appearded
(but there is still a long way to go...)

We need to share what we have done in the
 We need to learn to work together with other
 We need to establish close communication
with the teachers
 We need to make a strong network
connecting us with places and peoples
interested in the TST subject

Laboratório de Estudos Africanos
*African Studies Laboratory – Federal University of Rio de Janeiro,
Rio de Janeiro - BRASIL

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