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Culte .pdf


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CULTE
[kylt] n. m. Honneur que l’on rend à la divinité par des actes de religion.
/ˈwɜrʃɪp/ n. Homage or reverence paid to a deity, especially in a formal service.
#HIPPODROME #EXILE

La sécularisation de la société québécoise lors
de la Révolution tranquille des années 1960
a radicalement transformé les manifestations
spatiales de la religion à Montréal. La domination
du territoire par les églises catholiques ne
correspond plus aujourd’hui aux usages par la
communauté de fidèles et le rôle central joué
par les paroisses dans la vie des quartiers s’est
considérablement affaibli. Dans le même temps,
les arrivées successives d’immigrants ont
marqué le besoin de nouveaux lieux de culte,
conduisant soit à l’occupation d’anciennes
églises, soit à la transformation de sites
destinés au départ à d’autres usages.
Le lien entre cultes, rites liturgiques et expression symbolique architecturale donne souvent
naissance à de nouvelles typologies qui mêlent
histoire, tradition, ethnicité et adaptation
au contexte de Montréal. Une dynamique de
changements intenses de population a donné
naissance à un paysage complexe basé sur
la tolérance mutuelle, et la coexistence de
multiples confessions.
La recherche d’Audrey Wells révèle une
stratification complexe de Parc-Extension,
ce quartier ayant l'une des plus fortes diversités
ethniques du Canada. Son étude documente
les caractéristiques architecturales de dix-sept
lieux de culte à travers des illustrations et rend
hommage aux différentes communautés qui
habitent un territoire commun.
Lieux de culte, Parc-Extension, 2011
17 illustrations, plan, livre

The secularization of Québec society during
the Quiet Revolution in the 1960s significantly
modified the spatial manifestation of religion
within Montréal. The hegemonic punctuation
of the territory by Catholic churches now
corresponds less and less to actual use by
communities of worshippers, and the centrality
of churches in the life of their surrounding
neighbourhoods has diminished significantly.
At the same time the successive arrivals of
communities of new immigrants have increased
the need for new places of worship. These have
been created by taking over former churches
or transforming sites originally designed for
other functions.
The bonds between beliefs, rituals and their
symbolic expression in architecture create new
typologies that mix history, tradition, ethnicity
and a unique adaptation to the Montréal
context. The intense dynamics of population
change have resulted in a complex landscape of
mutual tolerance where multiple faiths coexist
within close proximity.
This exploration by Audrey Wells attempts
to unfold the complex stratification of the
Parc-Extension area, one of Canada’s most
ethnically diverse neighbourhoods. Her architectural illustrations feature seventeen places
of worship, paying tribute to the different
communities that inhabit a shared territory.
Places of worship, Parc-Extension, 2011
17 illustrations, map, book

Audrey Wells, graphiste
Née à Québec, QUÉBEC, 1987

Audrey Wells, graphic designer
born in Québec, QUÉBEC, 1987

audreywells.ca

audreywells.ca


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